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3 1833 02143 8160 

Colonia l and Revolu tionary 
Families of Pennsylvania 

^mrabgical anb personal Pcmoirs 


Historical Society of Pennsylvania 

Ex-General Registrar of Sons of the Revolution 

and Registrar of Pennsylvania Society 



VoRK Chicago 






I 9 I I 


The Lewis Publishing Company 



The maternal ancestors of the subject of this sketch, probably of Scotch 
\ origin, were among the early settlers of Connecticut. Jonathan Sergeant was 
v^ one of the founders of Brampton, Connecticut, and died there in 1652. His son 
-^ Jonathan Sergeant was one of the Connecticut Colony who formed the first 
\ English settlement at Newark, New Jersey in 1667, and from that date, down 
, to and including the period of the Revolutionary war, his descendants were 
v^ prominently identified with the afifairs of that province and state. John Ser- 
■v geant, a brother of the immediate ancestor of the subject of this sketch, was a 
"") missionary to the Stockbridge Indians, about the middle of the eighteenth cen- 
*^ tury and a prominent minister of the gospel. 

Jonathan Sergeant, the great-great-great-grandfather of the subject of this 

sketch, a resident of Newark, New Jersey, married (first) Hannah, daughter of 

James Nutman, of Hanover, New Jersey, and widow of Jonathan Dod. She 

,,Y^ died in 1743, leaving two daughters, Hannah, who became the wife of Rev. 

^ John Ewing, D. D., and Sarah, who married Jonathan Baldwin, one of the 

^ early graduates of the College of New Jersey. He married (second) in 1745, 

^ Abigail, (b. 1711), daughter of the Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, of Elizabeth, New 

>K Jersey, long one of the most eminent divines of America, one of the founders 

'v and first president of the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University, by 

_ his wife Joanna Melyn. 

The Hon. Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant, eldest son of Jonathan and Ab- 
igail (Dickinson) Sergeant, and one of the most prominent and influential pa- 
triots of the Revolution in New Jersey, was born in Newark, New Jersey, in 
1746. Soon after his birth his parents removed to Princeton, New Jersey, 
where he resided until the beginning of the Revolutionary struggle. He grad- 
uated at the College of New Jersey in 1762, at the age of sixteen, and took 
up the study of law at Princeton under the Hon. Richard Stockton, the Signer 
\ of the Declaration of Independence, and was admitted to the New Jersey bar, 
at about the time the passage of the Stamp Act aroused the indignation and op- 
position of the liberty-loving American colonists. In the opposition to the en- 
forcement of this obnoxious measure, the young lawyer took an active 
and strenuous part. With the beginning of the real struggle against 
continued English oppression, he came prominently to the front, and was clerk 
of the Provincial convention held at New Brunswick, July 21, 1774, to elect 
delegates to the Continental Congress held at Philadelphia, July 15, 1774. He 
was delegate to and the principal secretary of the convention held at Trenton, 
May 23, 1775, and in August, 1775, became a member and treasurer of the New 
Jersey Committee of Safety. His active and earnest work in the patriot cause 
attracted the attention of John Adams of Massachusetts, who referred to him 
as "a cordial friend of American liberty," and with him he was in close corres- 
pondence during the formative period of free American statehood, and for 
many years thereafter. On February 14, 1776, Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant 


was one of the delegation sent to the Continental Congress from the State of 
New Jersey, and he took an active part in the deliberations, of the national body 
until May, 1776, when, having been elected a member of the Provincial congress, 
or legislative body of his native state, he resigned his seat in the national con- 
gress, feeling that he could be of more use to the cause in the state body, in 
which he distinguished himself as an able and eloquent advocate of measures 
for the prosecution of the war. On June 24, 1776, he was named by the Provin- 
cial congress, one of the committee to formulate a state constitution, whose re- 
port was presented on June 26, and adopted July 2, the same day on which his 
former colleagues in the Continental Congress affixed their signature to the im- 
mortal Declaration of Independence. He was again chosen as a representative 
in the Continental Congress, by the Provincial Congress November 30, 1776, 
with Richard Stockton, his old preceptor, John Witherspoon, Abraham Clark, 
and Jonathan Elmer. During the following year he became a resident of Phil- 
adelphia, and on July 28, 1777, was appointed attorney-general of Pennsylvania, 
by the Supreme Executive Council, and was re-appointed to the same position by 
Congress, February 8, 1778. He resigned this position November 20, 1780, 
but continued his active work for the patriot cause until the close of the Rev- 
olution, when he resumed the practice of law in Philadelphia. He was agent 
and counsellor for the Supreme Executive council 1782- 1790. When Philadel- 
phia was visited by the terrible scourge of yellow fever in 1792-3, he was an 
active member of the Committee of Health, appointed to take measures to 
stamp out the scourge, but died of the disease October 8, 1793, in his forty- 
eighth year and in the prime of a brilliant and successful career. 

He married (first) March 14, 1775, Margaret, sixth child of the Rev. Elihu 
Spencer, D. D., then of Trenton, but formerly of Elizabeth, New Jersey, the 
successor of the Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, as president of the College of New 
Jersey, by his wife Joanna Eaton, daughter of John and Joanna Eaton, of 
Shrewsbury, N. J. Mrs. Sergeant was born January 5, 1759, and died June 17, 
1787. He married (second) December 20, 1788, Elizabeth Rittenhouse. By 
his first wife he had five children: — William, of whom presently; Sarah, mar- 
ried Samuel Miller, D. D., of New York; John (1779-1852), the eminent law- 
yer and statesman; Thomas, (1782-1860), an eminent lawyer and Justice of the 
Supreme Court ; Elihu Spencer, born 1787, also an honored member of the Phil- 
adelphia bar. By his second wife, Elizabeth Rittenhouse, he had three children : — 
Esther (1789-1870), wife of Dr. W. P. C. Barton, founder and first chief of 
the Medical and Surgical Bureau of the United States Navy ; David Rittenhouse 
(1791-1872); Frances (1793-1847), wife of John C. Lowber, of the Philadel- 
phia bar. 

WiLUAM Sergeant, eldest son of Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant by his 
first wife, Margaret Spencer, was born January i, 1776, and died March 7, 
1807. He studied law and during his brief adult carer was a member of the 
Philadelphia bar and in active practice in that city. He married, September 3, 
1801. Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Jacob Morgan, Jr., and his wife Bar- 
bara Jenkins, and granddaughter of Colonel Jacob Morgan, Sr., and his wife 
Rachel Piersol. 

Col. Thomas Morgan, Sr., born in the year 1716, was a son of Thomas 
Morgan, said to have been a native of Wales, to whom was surveyed, Septem- 


ber 6, 1719, a tract of 400 acres of land, including the present site of Morgan- 
town, Caernarvon township, in the extreme southern point of Berks county, 
then part of Chester county, Pennsylvania. Colonel Morgan inherited this 
tract at the death of his father about the year 1740, in which year he erected 
thereon a stone house still standing, marked with his and his wife's initials and 
the date of erection. After the Revolution he laid out Morgantown, and erected 
there another house, which also bears the same initials and the date 1782. Col- 
onel Morgan was long a distinguished officer in the Provincial service. He was 
commissioned captain of a company in Colonel Conrad Weiser's regiment, De- 
cember 5, 1755, his company being designated in the records as "of the Forks 
of the Schuylkill," now Reading. He was in command of Fort Lebanon, dur- 
ing 1756 and 1757, and took part in the defense of the Pennsylvania frontier in 
the trying times succeeding the defeat of Braddock at Fort DuQuesne, and in 
1758, took part in the second and successful expedition against that fort. He 
had, however, on December 18, 1757, been re-commissioned a captain in Col- 
onel James Burd's regiment, long known as the "Augusta Regiment" from 
the fact that they erected and garrisoned for two years Fort Augusta, now Sun- 
bury. With the return of peace Captain Morgan returned to his home at Mor- 
gantown, and April 24, 1764, was commissioned a justice of the peace for 
Berks county; was re-commissioned. May 1769, May 22, 1770, and again in 
1773. He was a member of the first Committee of Safety of Berks county, 
and represented that committee in the Provincial conference at Carpenter's Hall, 
June 18, 1775. He was also a delegate to the Provincial convention that framed 
the constitution of 1776. May 20, 1777, he was elected a member of the Su- 
preme Executive Council, and two days later was commissioned by that body 
colonel of the Pennsylvania militia, and appointed sub-lieutenant for the coun- 
ty of Berks, in which position he was especially active in organizing the local 
militia for service in the field. He became a member of the State Council of 
Safety, October 17, 1777, and served until December 4, 1777. He was named 
as one of the commissioners to seize the personal effects of traitors, October 21, 
1778, as agent for forfeited estates. May 8, 1778, and assistant forage-master 
for the state, April 5, 1780. He had been commissioned a Justice of the Su- 
preme Executive Council July 25, 1777, and on October 9, 1784, was commis- 
sioned Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Berks county, a position he 
filled until his death on November 11, 1792. He married, about 1739, Rachel, 
daughter of Richard and Bridget (Brown) Piersol, and granddaughter of John 
Piersol, who died November 8, 1777, aged 100 years and his wife Alice, who 
died December 1789, aged 84 years. 

Col. Jacob Morgan, Jr., son of Colonel Jacob, Sr. and his wife Rachel Pier- 
sol, was born at Morgantown, Berks county, Pennsylvania, about 1742. At the 
age of sixteen years he was commissioned ensign in the Provincial service in 
company, with which he took part in the second expedition against Fort Du 
gusta with other officers as an escort of provisions for Colonel Burd's battalion 
engaged in erecting the historic fort at Sunbury. He later served for a time in 
Lieutenant-colonel Armstrong's regiment as ensign of Captain Edward's com- 
pany, and returned to the Augusta regiment as ensign of Captain Levi Trump's 
company, with which he took part in the second expedition against Fort Du 
Quesne. After the capture of Fort Du Quesne, he was stationed with Trump's 


company at Fort Augusta, where we find him, December i, 1758. He was pro- 
moted Heutenant, April 21, 1760, and became adjutant of Colonel Hugh Mer- 
cer's Second Pennsylvania battalion. Soon after the close of the French wars, 
Colonel Jacob Morgan, Jr. located in Philadelphia, where he was a prominent 
merchant, and like his father took an active part in the Revolutionary struggle 
from its inception. He was major of the Philadelphia battalion of Associators, 
under Colonel John Dickinson, in 1775 and was promoted colonel of the First 
battalion Philadelphia militia, with which he served during the years 1777 and 
1778. He was appointed wagon-master for the state, August 14, 1780, and on 
the same date, supermtendent of the commissioners for purchasing provisions. 
He died in 1812. His wife was Barbara Jenkins of Welsh ancestry. 

Mary Valeria Sergeant, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Morgan) 
Sergeant, married George Wain Blight, of Philadelphia, and their son, 

William Sergeant Blight, was born in Philadelphia, December 17, 1826. 
He graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1846, and was for several 
years vice-president of the Alumni society of the College department of the 
University. He was a prominent business man of Philadelphia and for many 
years secretary and treasurer of the Ridge avenue Passenger Railway Company. 
He was a member of the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolution, 
in right of descent from the Hon. Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant, Colonel Jacob 
Morgan, Sr., Colonel Jacob Morgan, Jr., of Pennsylvania, and Chaplain Elihu 
Spencer, of the New Jersey troops in the Revolution. He died in Philadelphia, 
May 9, 1903. 

William Sergeant Blight, Sr., married, September, 1854, Sarah Clemen- 
tina Penrose, who was born at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, October 11, 1829, 
and died in Philadelphia, March 14, 1897. She was a daughter of the Hon. 
Charles Bingham Penrose, and his wife Valeria Fullerton Biddle, granddaugh- 
ter of the Hon. Clement Biddle Penrose and his wife Anne Howard Bingham, 
great-granddaughter of James and Sarah (Biddle) Penrose, great-great-grand- 
daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Coates) Penrose, and great-great-great-grand- 
daughter of Captain Bartholomew Penrose and his wife Esther Leach. 

Captain Bartholomew Penrose, a native of Bristol, England, emigrated to 
Philadelphia prior to 1700, and engaged in ship building there until his death 
in November, 1711, when he was succeeded by his sons. He buih the trading 
ship "Diligence," in which William Penn was part owner, in 1706. He married 
Esther Leach, daughter of Toby Leach, of Cheltenham, who was prominent in 
colonial affairs, by his wife Esther Ashmead, who had accompanied him from 
Cheltenham, England. 

Thomas Penrose, son of Captain Bartholomew and Esther (Ashmead) Pen- 
rose, was born in Philadelphia, January 17, 1609-10, died there and was buried 
at Christ Church, November 17, 1757. He was a prominent ship-builder and 
shipping merchant, building and owning a number of vessels engaged in for- 
eign and West Indian trade. He married October 21, 1731, Sarah, daughter of 
John Coates, an early brick manufacturer of Philadelphia and his wife Mary 
Mele. Sarah (Coates) Penrose married (second) in 1763, Captain Lester Fal- 
ner and (third), in 1770, Anthony Duche. She died July 7, 1777, aged 63 years. 

James Penrose, son of Thomas and Sarah (Coates) Penrose, was born in 
Philadelphia, February 23, 1737-8, and died there, September 7, 1771. He was 


also a ship-builder and shipping merchant, in partnership with his brother 
Thomas, and both were signers of the non-importation resolutions in 1765. He 
married, March 15, 1766, Sarah, daughter of John and Sarah (Owen) Biddle, 
granddaughter of William and Lydia (Wardel) Biddle, and great-granddaugh- 
ter of William Biddle of Mount Hope, New Jersey, born in England, 1630, and his 
wife Sarah Kemp. 

The Hon. Clement Biddle Penrose, only surviving child of James and 
Sarah (Biddle) Penrose, was born in Philadelphia, February 20, 1771, and died 
at St. Louis, Missouri, about 1820, while serving as commissioner of the Louis- 
iana Territory, a position he had filled since 1805. He married, August I, 1796, 
Annie Howard Bingham, daughter of Major Charles Bingham, of the English 
army, by his wife Anne Howard. 

The Hon. Charles Bingham Penrose, eldest son of the Hon. Clement B., 
and Anne H. (Bingham) Penrose, was born at his father's country seat near 
Frankford, Philadelphia, October 6, 1798, and died in Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, April 6, 1857. His youth was spent in St. Louis, Missouri, where his 
father was commissioner of the Louisiana territory, and while there, he enlisted 
in a volunteer company for service in the war of 1812-14, but was not called 
into active service. He returned to Philadelphia and studied law under Samuel 
Ewing and was admitted to the Philadelphia bar. May 9, 182 1. Soon after his 
admission he removed to Carlisle, Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, and began 
the practice of his profession, in which he soon rose to a foremost prominence. 
He took an active interest in political matters, and was elected to the state sen- 
ate in 1833, re-elected in 1837, and in the same year elected Speaker of the 
Senate, which position as well as his seat in that body, he resigned in March 
1841, to accept the position of solicitor of the United States Treasury, to which 
he had been appointed. He retired at the close of President Tyler's adminis- 
tration and resumed the practice of law, but was appointed Assistant Secretary 
of the Treasury in 1849, a position which he resigned in a short time. In 1856 
he was elected to the state senate and served until his death, April 6, 1857. He 
was the projector of the Cumberland Valley Railroad, and was for some years 
trustee for Dickinson College and secretary of the board. He was one of the 
compilers of the three volumes, of Penrose and Watts', "Reports of Cases in the 
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania." He married March 16, 1824, Valeria Ful- 
lerton Biddle, daughter of William McFunn Biddle and his wife Lydia Spen- 
cer, daughter of the Rev. Elihu Spencer, before mentioned, who was born at 
East Haddam, Conn., in 1721, and died at Trenton, New Jersey, December 27, 
1784, a graduate of Yale college, missionary to the Indians, and successively 
pastor of Presbyterian churches at Jamaica, Long Island, and Elizabeth, New 
Jersey, chaplain of the New York troops during the French war, 1758-60, and 
appointed by the Continental Congress, October 20, 1777, Chaplain of the Hos- 
pital of the Continental army. William McFunn Biddle, born McFunn, was a 
son of Captain William McFunn, and his wife Lydia Biddle, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Mary (Scull) Biddle before mentioned. 

William Sergeant and Sarah Clementina (Penrose) Blight had four chil- 
dren: — Charles Penrose, born October 8, 1855, died July 4, 1895, a graduate of 
the University of Pennsylvania and member of the Philadelphia bar ; William 
Sergeant, Jr., of whom presently; Elihu Spencer, born Nov. 11, i860, gradu- 


ated from the University of Pennsylvania, 1881, member of the Pennsylvania 
Society of the Sons of the Revolution, University Qub, etc., Lydia Spencer 
Blight, married in 1886, John F. Hagaman, Esquire, of the New Jersey Bar, 
who died at Princeton, N. J., July 1893. 

WiLUAM Sergeant Blight, Jr., second son of William S. and Sarah Qem- 
entina (Penrose) Blight was born in Philadelphia, March 7, 1858. He gradu- 
ated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1878, from the College department, 
and from the Law department with degree of LL.B. in 1880, when he was ad- 
mitted to the Philadelphia bar. He practiced his profession at Philadelphia 
for seven years. He then established in that city, The Blight School (for boys), 
of which he has since been head-master, instructor in Latin and Greek, and 
proprietor. He married, December 6, 1890, Cornelia Taylor Blight, of To- 
wanda. Pa., daughter of Isaac Oliver, and Matilda M. (Harris) Blight. 


The Whelen family of Pennsylvania is of Irish ancestry. Whelen of Dun 
Faelen. near Cashel, in the County of Waterford, Ireland, who came of a line 
of kings of the Clan Colla, having jurisdiction over the little principality of 
Docies comprising the county of Waterford and a portion of the county of Tip- 
perary, was himself king of this section, and his descendants held sway there 
until driven into exile during the civil war of 1640- 1660. The branch of the 
family to which the subject of this sketch belonged found refuge in county 
Hampshire, England, about 1675. 

James Stephenson Whelen, the first American ancestor, a son of Malachi, 
came from Hampshire, England, to America in the last decade of the seven- 
teenth century. He was married by Rev. Simon Smith, a chaplain of His 
Majesty's forces in the Province of New York, May 29, 1694, to Sarah Eliza- 
beth Dennis, of a family that was among the earliest settlers at Woodbridge, 
New Jersey. Her mother whose maiden name was Jacques, was of Huguenot 
ancestry, the daughter of an eminent barrister in Paris, who becoming a Prot- 
estant was driven into exile on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. He found 
refuge for a short time in England and came from there to America, locating 
first in South Carolina and later in New York, where his daughter married one 
of the early Dennises of Woodbridge, New Jersey. Mrs. Henry Whelen of 
Philadelphia has in her possession a portion of a hanging of antique pattern 
painted in colors by hand that is said to have been brought to this country by 
Madame Jacques, born Cuissant, the ancestress of the Whelens of Philadel- 
phia. The portrait of the Madame Jacques is also in possession of a collateral 
branch of the family. Both the Whelen and Dennis families were zealous ad- 
herents of the Protestant Episcopal church. 

Dennis Whelen, son of James Stephenson and Sarah Elizabeth (Dennis) 
Whelen, was one of the early settlers of Vincent township, Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, and married (first) there, in 1720, Ann Townsend, of an old 
Quaker family. It was probably this association that many years after induced 
him to unite himself with the Society of Friends. He was admitted a member 
of the Goshen Monthly Meeting in 1744, transferred to Bradford Meeting, May 
18, 1747, and continued a member of that meting until his death. He married, 
(second) November 8, 1749, Sarah Thompson of a Virginia family, who be- 
came the mother of his children, Ann, Israel, Isaac, Edwai^d, Townsend, and 

Israel Whelen, eldest son of Dennis and Sarah (Thompson) Whelen, was 
born December 13, 1752. At the breaking out of the Revolutionary War, though 
reared under the influence of the peace principles of the Society of Friends, he 
allowed his patriotism to overcome these influences, and took an active part in 
the struggle for Independence. He raised a company of Associators with whom 
he served in the field. A letter written by him from camp to his wife sets 


forth at some length the reasons that impelled him to take up arms, part of 
which are as follows : 

The uneasiness of my mind at leaving all I hold dear in this world, added to some 
little uneasiness in the Company, and trouble and fatigue in providing for them, makes 
my situation not so agreeable as I could wish, but I hope God in his mercy will order 
everything for the best. Many of my friends will blame me for entering into the cause 
that I am engaged in. Had I been fully convinced it was wrong to resist lawless tyranny, 
bearing down all before it, I hope I should have had resolution enough to have stuck to 
my principles, but as it was not the case I can see no reason why I should be expected to 
follow any opinion I was not convinced in my own mind that it was right. 

I never was able to draw the line of distinction between the law punishing offenders it 
could take hold of, and the sword of those that are too strong for the law. If I had I 
should not have taken the part I now have, and when I can draw that line I shall take a 
different one. 

Some may impute my conduct to one cause and some to another. It was not the love 
of honour, because I could have easily obtained an higher office than I hold ; it was not 
the love of popularity because it made me unpopular amongst those whose esteem it must 
be supposed I should be most desirous to cultivate — no person can be absurd enough to 
say it was from interest, pleasure, or ease, because these things are not to be expected in 
camps. If they were there are none of them so pleasing as the converse and company of 
an endearing wife and children which I love with the greatest tenderness. The real cause 
was an expectation to be serviceable to my friends and my country — if I can serve the lat- 
ter faithfully it may yet be in my power to render some small service to the former. 

The letter concludes: 

I hope my relations will regard thee for my sake, and that Providence will be graciously 
pleased to bring me to my friends and family again. Remember me to my friends and 
believe me to be with the regard and esteem, thy ever loving and affectionate husband, 

Israel Whelen. 

He continued to devote his time and energies to the cause of liberty through- 
out the struggle and rose to the rank of commissary-general of Pennsylvania 
militia. He was also one of the commissioners named by Congress for signing 
Continental currency. Israel Whelen continued active in public affairs after 
the close of the Revolutionary war, serving for some years as naval purveyor, 
and was a presidential elector for John Adams. He was until his death in close 
association with the leading men of that historic epoch. There is in the pos- 
session of Miss Mary H. Whelen, of Philadelphia, an original invitation from 
Thomas Jefferson which reads as follows: — 

Thomas Jefferson asks the favor of Mr. Whelen to dine with him to-morrow at half 
after three. 

Novmbr. i8, 1802. 

Locating in Philadelphia, Israel Whelen was elected to represent that city 
in the state senate, and achieved an enviable record in that body. After the 
close of the war he had resumed his relations with the Society of Friends, which 
continued throughout the remainder of his life. He was a successful merchant, 
having his place of business in 1793, at 196 High (now Market) Street and later 
at Sixth and Market. In addition to his city residence he had a country seat 
in Chester county, where he erected a large mansion and spent his summer 
months. He was elected a director of the United States Bank in 1791, and later 
president of the "Board of Brokers" and president of the Lancaster Turnpike 
Company. He did an extensive shipping business and a large amount of his 
goods was captured and confiscated by the French under the first Napoleon. He 
was purveyor of public supplies at the time of the removal of the seat of gov- 
ernment to Washington, and had charge of the general arrangements as "Agent 
for the removal of the Public Departments, from the 5th of June 1800, to the 


9th of February 1801" as stated in his account filed and approved in February, 
1801, and which shows that he chartered and hired vessels for the transporta- 
tion of the President's furniture, records and furniture of the public offices etc. 
from Philadelphia to Washington, and had full charge of the removal, his ac- 
count summing up to $15,293.23. During the epidemic of yellow fever in Phila- 
delphia he removed his family to his country seat but came to the city, a dis- 
tance of twelve miles every day to assist in caring for the afflicted people of the 
city, as shown by a letter written by Isaac Wharton to Rufus King at that date. 
The following obituary notice of him was published in a city paper at the 
time of his death in October, 1806: — 

DIED on the 21st instant in the 54th year of his age, Israel Whelen, Esquire, formerly a 
representative of this City and district in the Senate of Pennsylvania. Few men have 
experienced greater vicissitudes of fortune than Mr. Whelen or supported them with equal 
moderation and firmness. 

As a Senator, conciliating, active and intelligent, even his political opponents were un- 
able to withhold from him the tribute of their esteem and affection. In private life his ex- 
alted integrity secured to him, under the most trying exigencies, the unlimited confidence 
of his numerous friends. In his domestic relations every endearing quality united to ren- 
der his loss irreparable. 

Such a man will be long remembered and deeply lamented ; whilst we regret his loss let 
us endeavor to imitate his virtues. 

Israel Whelen was buried m the Friends' burying ground at Fourth and Arch 
Streets, Philadelphia. He married, at East Cain Meeting House near Downing- 
town, Chester county. May 13, 1772, Mary Downing, born January 17, 1750-51, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Hunt) Downing, and granddaughter of 
Thomas and Thomazine Downing, who came from Bradnich, Devonshire, Eng- 
land, about 1722, and were the founders of Downingtown, Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, where Thomas died January 15, 1772, at the age of 81 years, an- 
other Mary Downing, cousin to the above, married Dennis Whelen, brother of 
Israel. Mary, the widow of Israel Whelen, died March 14, 1831, and is buried 
among her kindred in the Friends burying ground at Downingtown. 

Israel Whelen, (2) son of Israel and Mary (Downing) Whelen was born 
November 21, 1783. He engaged in mercantile pursuits with his father at an 
early age and was for many years an eminent merchant of Philadelphia, and 
was also for many years proprietor of the Nitre Hall Powder Mills on Cobbs 
creek, in Darby township. He was a pioneer life insurance agent, being the 
sole representative of the Pelican Life Insurance Company of Lx)ndon, the first 
company to do business in this line in Philadelphia. In 1810 he became the 
Philadelphia representative of the Phoenix Fire Insurance Company of Lon- 
don. On the enactment in 181 1, of legislation putting a 20 per cent tax on 
foreign insurance he organized the American Fire Insurance Company. He 
died June 9, 1827, and was buried in the Friend's burying ground at Downing- 
town. Israel Whelen was married by the Right Rev. William White, Bishop of 
Pennsylvania, November 26, 1810, to Mary Siddons, of Philadelphia, (b. Sa- 
lem, N. J., July 19, 1788, d. Jan. 15, 1867) daughter of Edward and Amy 
(Ware) Siddons. She was not a member of the Society of Friends and Israel 
Whelen was disowned from the Society for his marriage but continued to at- 
tend their meetings throughout his life. Mary Siddons Whelen was a remark- 
able beauty. Her portrait painted by Sully is in possession of the family. She 
was the mother of seven children : — Israel, 3d, Edward Siddons, Mary, Eliza- 
beth, Townsend, and Robert Wain Whelen. 


TowNSEND Whelen, third son of Israel and Mary (Siddons) Whelen, was 
bom at 399 High (now Market) Street, Philadelphia, April 3, 1822. He was 
associated with his elder brothers, Edward Siddons and Henry Whelen in the 
brokerage firm, known first as Edward S. Whelen Company, and after the death 
of Edward S., as Townsend Whelen & Company, at the head of which 
latter firm he continued until his death on October 26, 1875. He mar- 
ried Sarah Yeates, daughter of Thomas B. McElwee, of the Lancaster bar, and 
his wife, Willamina Elizabeth Smith, daughter of Judge Charles Smith and his 
wife Mary Yeates, daughter of Judge Jasper Yeates of the Pennsylvania su- 
preme court. 

The Yeates family was founded in America by Jasper Yeates, a native of 
Yorkshire, who, after some years spent in trading ventures in the West Indies, 
settled in New Castle county, now Delaware, later locating in Chester, Pennsyl- 
vania, serving as a justice of the Chester county courts, and as an associate jus- 
tice of the Pennsylvania provincial court 1704- 171 1, and as a member of pro- 
vincial council from December 25, 1696 to his death in 1720. He had however 
returned to New Castle county some years prior to his death and was a justice 
there, 1717-1720. He married Catharine, daughter of James Sandelands, an 
early Scotch settler among the Swedes on the Delaware, and his wife Anika, 
daughter of Joran Jeen, or Kyn, who had come from Stockholm to the Dela- 
ware in 1642, with Governor Printz. Jasper Yeates was a member of the ves- 
try of Qirist Church, Philadelphia, and of St. Paul's Church, Chester, and was 
named one of the first board of burgesses of Chester in the charter of 1701. 
He was always a very strong adherent of and enjoyed the confidence of Wil- 
liam Penn, by whom he was named for many important commissions pertain- 
ing to his colony on the Delaware, among them as dedimus potestatcni, to ad- 
minister the oath to several of the early Colonial governors. Jasper and Cath- 
arine (Sandelands) Yeates had four sons and two daughters. Their fifth child, 
John Yeates, born May i, 1701, inherited his father's mansion, mills, wharves, 
etc. in New Castle county and at Chester and became a prominent shipping 
merchant, doing a large business with the West Indies. He removed to Phila- 
delphia about 1745. He was commissioned comptroller of customs at the head 
of Wicomico River, Maryland, July 24, 1764, and died in that province, October 
9, 1765. He married in 1730, Elizabeth Sidebotham. 

Judge Jasper Yeates was a son of John and Elizabeth (Sidebotham) Yeates, 
and was born in Philadelphia, April 9, 1745. He entered the College of Phila- 
delphia, now the University of Pennsylvania in 1758, and received the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in 1761, and that of Master of Arts two years later. He studied 
law and was admitted to the Philadelphia bar in 1765. He immediately lo- 
cated at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and became one of the most successful practi- 
tioners in the state. He was one of the foremost patriots from the inception of the 
Revolutionary struggle, serving as chairman of the first committee of corres- 
pondence, filling that position for many years and taking an active part in equip- 
ing troops for the war and in formulating measures for the prosecution of the 
war. He was a delegate from Lancaster county to the convention that ratified 
the first Federal constitution. He was commissioned justice of the Pennsylvania 
supreme court, March 21, 1791, and served until his death on March 14, 1817. 
Judge Yeates married at Lancaster, December 30, 1767, Sarah Burd (b. Jan. 

WHELEN (167 

I, 1748-49, d. Oct. 25, 1829) daughter of Colonel James Burd, and his wife 
Sarah Shippen daughter of Edward Shippen, of Lancaster, and sister to Chief- 
justice Edward Shippen. 

Colonel James Burd, was a son of Edward Burd, of Ormiston, near Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, and his wife Jane Halliburton, daughter of the Lord Provost 
of Edinburgh. He was born at Ormiston, March 10, 1726, and came to Penn- 
sylvania when a young man. He was commissioned a colonel of provincial 
forces of Pennsylvania and rendered long and efficient service in the French and 
Indian Wars. During the Revolution he was active in the patriot cause and was 
commissioned colonel of the Second battalion of Pennsylvania troops, 1775. He 
lived at "Tinian", Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, where he died October 5, 1793. 
Sarah, the wife of Judge Jasper Yeates was his eldest child. She survived her 
husband, dying at Lancaster, October 25, 1829, and was buried at St. James 
churchyard, where a pyramidal monument, marking her grave bears an inscrip- 
tion, commendatory of her virtues. 

Judge Jasper and Sarah (Burd) Yeates had ten children, the eldest of whom, 
Mary Yeates, born March 13, 1770, married at Lancaster, March 3, 1791, Judge 
Charles Smith, LL.D., born in Philadelphia, March 4, 1765, son of the Rev. 
William Smith, D.D., Provost of the College of Philadelphia, now the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, 1754-1779, and 1789-1803, and his wife Rebecca, daugh- 
ter of William Moore of Moore Hall, Chester, now Delaware county, Penn- 
sylvania, a prominent and unique character of colonial times, "a gentleman of 
the old school," long a colonial magistrate. 

William Smith, D.D., the first provost of the College of Philadelphia, was 
born near Aberdeen, Scotland, September 7, 1727, and died in Philadelphia, May 
14, 1803. He graduated at the University of Aberdeen in 1747; came to Amer- 
ica in 1751, locating at first in New York. He was induced to take charge of 
the new college about being established in Philadelphia in 1753, but first re- 
turned to Europe to take out holy orders ; returning was inducted into the of- 
fice of provost, May 24, 1754. When the work of the college was suspended by 
the Revolutionary War he went to Chestertown, Maryland, and took charge of a 
parish and school there, returning to Philadelphia in 1789; he secured a renewal 
of the charter of the college, which was merged into the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1 791. He married Rebecca Moore, July 3, 1758, and Charles, the 
fifth of their nine children, was bom March 4, 1765. He graduated at Wash- 
ington College, Maryland, May 14, 1783, studied law under his elder brother, 
William Moore Smith, at Easton, Pa., and was admitted to the bar, of Phila- 
delphia, June, 1786. He removed to Sunbury, Northumberland county, and 
practiced law there until called to the bench. He was a delegate to the Penn- 
sylvania state constitutional convention of 1790; and was a member of general 
assembly, 1806-08, and of state senate 1810-16; and was otherwise prominent in 
public affairs early in his professional career. March 27, 1819, he was ap- 
pointed president-judge of the judicial district composed of the counties of Cum- 
berland, Franklin and Adams, and April 28, 1820, president judge of Lancaster 
county, and located in Lancaster. His later days were spent in Philadelphia, 
where he died April 18, 1836. He married, as before stated, March 3, 1791, 
Mary, eldest daughter of Judge Jasper Yeates. The honorary degree of LL.D. 
was conferred upon Judge Smith, by the University of Pennsylvania in 1819. 


He was a member of the American Philosophical Society, and author of legal 
and scientific publications. Judge Charles and Mary (Yeates) Smith, had eight 
children, the third of whom, Willamina Elizabeth, born October 3, 1797, mar- 
ried, February 6, 1822, at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Thomas B. McElwee, Esq., 
of the Lancaster bar, born October 31, 1792. He died August 23, 1843, ^^^ his 
widow, January 9, 1848. Sarah Yeates McElwee, daughter of Thomas B. and 
Willamina Elizabeth (Smith) McElwee, married Townsend Whelen, of Phila- 
delphia, (son of Israel and Mary Whelen, of that city) born in Philadelphia, 
April 3, 1822, died there, October 26, 1875. They had five children : — Henry Jr. 
the subject of this sketch ; Charles Smith ; Kingston Goddard ; Alfred, M.D. ; 
and Sarah Yeates, married (first) Edward Tunis Bruen, M.D. and (second) 
Wm. Rudolph Smith, Esq., of Philadelphia. 

Henry Whelen, Jr., eldest son of Townsend and Sarah Yeates (McElwee) 
Whelen, was born in Philadelphia, August 20, 1848. He was appointed a mid- 
shipman to the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, and grad- 
uated from that institution in 1866. He however resigned from the navy in 
1873, and engaged with his father in the brokerage business in Philadelphia, 
with the firm of Townsend Whelen & Company, of which he was many years 
a member. He was for many years a patron of music and the fine arts, and at 
the time of his death was president of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine 
Arts, of which organization he had previously been treasurer for sixteen years. 
He gave his attention for many years to the collection of works of art and was 
the owner of the finest collection of engravings and Washington prints in ex- 
istence. He was also treasurer of the Rittenhouse Club and a director and 
treasurer of the Philadelphia Orchestra, and one of its chief supporters, hav- 
ing since 1895 been actively interested in the production of grand opera in 
Philadelphia. He was also treasurer of the Protestant Episcopal Divinity 
School. He died after a brief illness, at his country home, "Clovely", Devon, 
Pennsylvania, May 17, 1907. Mr. Whelen married, October 21st, 1875, Laura, 
daughter of William Spohn Baker, a member of the board of managers of the 
Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolution, in which Mr. Whelen had 
likewise held membership since 1890. They had issue, three children : — William 
Baker, Laura, and Elsie. 

William Baker Whelen, son of Henry Whelen, Jr. and his wife Laura 
Baker, was born in Philadelphia, July 6, 1877. He received his elementary ed- 
ucation at the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, and preparing for college at 
St. Paul's Preparatory School, Concord, New Hampshire, entered the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, graduated in the Class of '99. On his graduation he 
entered the office of his father's firm, Townsend Whelen & Company, bankers and 
brokers, founded by his grandfather and his two elder brothers in 1837, and 
later becoming a partner has continued a member of that firm to the present 
time, carrying on an extensive and successful business. He is a member of the 
Rittenhouse, Philadelphia Racquet, Radnor Hunt, Merion Cricket, and Mask 
anfl Wig Clubs, and associated with a number of business, social and philan- 
thropic associations in his native city. He married, July 9, 1909, Virginia, 
daughter of the late Winfield S. and Lydia (Berger) Arter, of Pittsburgh. Penn- 


Laura Baker Whelen, eldest daughter of Henry Whelen, Jr. and his wife 
Laura Baker, born September 6, 1879, married Craig Biddle, of Philadelphia, 
and they have issue, two sons and one daughter. 

Elsie Whelen, the youngest daughter of Henry and Laura (Baker) Whelen, 
born December 19, 1880, married Robert Goelet, of New York, and they have 


Mr. Cooke (Cooke- Wilson Electric Supply Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; 
obtains his membership in the patriotic orders from the distinguished services of 
his great-great-grandfathers, Brigadier-General Nathan Miller, and Governor 
Nicholas Cooke (see Cooke), both of Rhode Island. 

Nathan Miller was deputy for Warren, Rhode Island, 1772-73-74-80-82-83-90. 
In May, 1777, he was colonel of militia in the county of Bristol, Rhode Island. 
In 1778 he was a member of the Council of War. In May, 1779, he was chosen 
brigadier-general of the Rhode Island brigade consisting of Bristol and New- 
port county troops. It was voted by the General Assembly that "Brig. Gen. 
Nathan Miller be, and he is hereby requested to and required, to cause all the 
men who are drafted and detached from his Brigade to do duty for the month of 
July inst. to join the Regiment on Rhode Island, immediately. That he be 
requested to continue in his said office during the present year, if no longer, as 
his resigning the same at so critical a situation of public affairs will be attended 
with bad consequences to the state in general and that the Secretary transmit 
a copy of the vote to him by the Deputies of the town of Warren". February, 
1786, both houses in General Committee chose Nathan Miller, Esq., delegate to 
represent the state in Congress. (See letter from above to Governor of Rhode 
Island, dated New York, September 28, 1786, Vol. X, pp. 222, 223, R. I. Colonial 
Records). Nathan Miller was chosen delegate to the Constitutional Convention 
held at Newport, Rhode Island, May, 1790. There is in possession of the family a 
sword presented General Miller by General Rochambeau at the opening of the 
Cornwallis Campaign. This sword is referred to in "Our French Allies". Gen- 
eral Nathan Miller married Rebecca Barton and had issue: Abigail, married 
Charles Wheaton and had issue: Charles Wheaton, was quartermaster sergeant 
of a Rhode Island regiment of artillery, and served in Revolutionary War. Laura 
Wheaton, daughter of Charles and Abigail (Miller) Wheaton, married Joel Ab- 
bot, Commodore of the United States Navy, and the grandfather of Abbot S. 

John Cooke, emigrant ancestor of Abbot S. Cooke, is said to have come 
from Wales. He was of Saybrook, Connecticut, June 19, 1696, as the records 
of that town show he sold a tract of five acres on that date. He died at Middle- 
town, Connecticut, January 16, 1705. He was twice married; by his first wife 
he had a son John and a daughter Mary. His second wife was Hannah, born 
February 11, 1669-70, youngest daughter of Captain Daniel Harris, born in Eng- 
land, and his wife Mary Weld, of Roxbury. John Cooke and his wife Hannah 
were the parents of Daniel. Whether there were other children by this second 
marriage is not shown. 

Daniel Cooke, son of John Cooke, was born at Saybrook, Connecticut, 
September 19, 1691. He became a resident of Providence, Rhode Island, where 
he married, February 4, 1713, Mary, daughter of Nicholas Power (3), grand- 
daughter of Nicholas Power (2), who was slain at the famous capture of the 

COOKE 67 r 

Narragansett Fort, December 19, 1675, ^"^ a great-granddaughter of Nicholas 
Power (i), who was an associate of Roger Williams in the settlement of Provi- 
dence and one of the thirteen purchasers of Shawomet (Warwick) from the 
Indians. He was a man of large means and his sudden death, intestate, August 
25, 1657, was the occasion of what would now be regarded as a most extraor- 
dinary proceeding. Ten years after his death his estate being unsettled, the town 
council made a will for him, disposing of his property as they thought proper and 
not according to any rule of law. Mary (Power) Cooke was born March 29, 
1696, died December 17, 1741. Daniel Cooke, her husband, died February 7, 

Nicholas Cooke, third child of Daniel and Mary (Power) Cooke, was 
born February 3, 1717, died November 14, 1783. He married, September 23, 
1740, Hannah, daughter of Hezekiah Sabin, the first settler of that portion of 
North Eastern Connecticut, where his Red Tavern was the favorite hostlery of 
travellers for many years. Hannah Sabin, born March 13, 1722, died March 
21, 1792, was of Huguenot extraction. Early in life Nicholas Cooke began a nau- 
tical career and became a successful shipmaster; he was also a merchant, owned 
and managed various agricultural estates in Rhode Island, Massachusetts and 
Connecticut; he also engaged in rope making and distilling. He was possessed 
of a handsome fortune for his day. For years he was one of the most influential 
men in the Colony and held many offices of honor and trust and was almost con- 
tinuously one of the "Assistants" (senators) or deputy governor. Upon the out- 
break of hostilites between England and the Colonies he was called to become gov- 
ernor of Rhode Island, the Legislature having declared the office of governor 
vacant. The Legislature unanimously agreed upon Nicholas Cooke for the high 
office. He pleaded his advanced years as a reason for declining leadership at such 
a critical time, but finally consented and for the next three years Governor Cooke 
presided in the general councils, directed the state military operations, and fur- 
nished the supplies for the troops, not only in his department but those under the 
immediate command of General Washington. His correspondence with Congress, 
with the Commander-in-Chief, with the Councils or Governors of the neighbor- 
ing states, reflect high honor on the writer and the state he represented, Rhode 
Island. Governor Nicholas Cooke died suddenly, November 14, 1783. His widow 
survived him nine years, dying March 21, 1792. They were the parents of twelve 

The following epitaph is from the granite obelisk erected to his memory in the 
Old North burying ground at Providence, Rhode Island : "Born in Providence, R. 
I., Feb. 3, 1717, Died Sept. 14, 1783. Unanimously elected governor of R. I. in 
1775. He remained in office during the darkest period of the Revolution and won 
the approbation of his fellow citizens and was honored with the friendship and 
confidence of Washington. When Governor Cooke and his deputy governor Brad- 
ford withdrew in 1778 the general assembly moved 'That as they had entered 
upon their offices at a time of great public danger, difficulty and distress and had 
discharged their duties with patriotism, firmness and intrepidity, the thanks of 
the Assembly should be given them in behalf of the state of Rhode Island' ". 

Jesse Cooke, ninth child of Governor Nicholas and Hannah (Sabin) 
Cooke, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, December 19, 1757, died Sep- 
tember 13, 1794. He married (first) Rosanna, daughter of Captain Christo- 

672 COOKE 

pher Sheldon, a prominent citizen of Providence, the son of John Sheldon the 
emigrant ancestor, and his wife Joan (Vincent) Sheldon. Rosanna (Sheldon) 
Cooke died November 20, 1789, and he married (second) Hannah Warner. By 
his first marriage he had a son Joseph, and by his second, a daughter, Rosanna 
Sheldon Cooke, born August 30, 1792, died December 20, 1808. 

Joseph Cooke, only son of Jesse and Rosanna (Sheldon) Cooke, was a 
slender lad and narrowly escaped death by yellow fever during his youth. 
Upon attaining manhood he procured the insertion of Sheldon in his name by 
Act of the Legislature. He became a noted business man of Providence and 
New York City, for eighteen years was the business agent of the Lyman Cot- 
ton Manufacturing Company and in New York was an associate of Job An- 
gell in the wholesale dry goods business. He was interested in the banks and 
the canal enterprises of his day, and was connected as councilman with the 
public affairs of Providence. In 1821 he was elected director of Providence 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company, and in 1831 a trustee. In the Masonic fra- 
ternity he attained the highest honors. After passing through all the chairs of 
his Lodge he became a member of the Grand Lodge in 1828, and in 1831 was 
invested with the dignity and honor of Grand Master of the State, holding 
the high office until 1835. He was also a Chapter, Council and Commandery 
Mason. Mary (Welch) Cooke, his wife, survived her husband and lived to 
be eighty-four years of age. Children: i. James Welch, born March 5, 1810, 
died 1851 ; married Emily Stevenson, August 13, 1839, and died in New York 
City, April 12, 1853; he was a graduate of Brown University and a minister of 
the Episcopal Church. 2. Rosanna Elizabeth, born October 3, 181 1, died De- 
cember 8, 1815. 3. Joseph Jesse, born June i, 1813 ; married (first) Adelaide 
Martha Baker, February 18, 1834, by whom he had five children ; she died Feb- 
ruary 9, 1865, and he married (second) Maria Adelaide Salisbury; he was a 
merchant of New York and San Francisco, California, a noted book collector, 
owning one of the largest private libraries in the country, among them being 
four, first folio volumes of Shakespeare. 4. Christopher Sheldon, born July 28. 
1815, died October i, 1816. 5. George William, born December 6, 1816, died 
January 27, 1817. 6. Albert Russell, born August 15, 1819; married Phoebe 
Brightman Melville, March 3, 1842; he established, in 1859, the Providence 
Evening Press. 7. George Lewis, born September 16, 1821 ; married Laura 
Frances Wheaton, December 14, 1842. 8. Mary Elizabeth, born June 27, 1823 ; 
married Henry Brown Williams, June 2, 1846. 9. Nicholas Francis, (see for- 

Dr. Nicholas Francis Cooke, called by so many "the beloved phy- 
sician," was the youngest of the nine children of Joseph Sheldon and Mary 
(Welch) Cooke. He was born in Providence, Rhode Island, August 25, 1829. 
His parents were fifty years of age at the time of his birth. For several years 
he was the private pupil of Rev. D. Thomas Sheppard, of Bristol, Rhode Isl- 
and, and later under the special attention of Professor Henry S. Frieze, later 
Professor of Latin at the University of Michigan. Dr. Cooke entered Brown 
University in 1846, and in 1849 he began a tour of the world, returning in 1852. 
Having now decided to follow the profession of medicine he entered the Medi- 
cal Department of the University of Pennsylvania, and also attended lectures 
at JefTerson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After close study 

6%cuuuh^ licUf^Lll/.^^ 



COOKE 673 

and investigation of the truth of the Hahnemann System he adopted Homoeo- 
pathy as his particular school of medicine and began practice in Providence, 
Rhode Island, with Dr. A. H. Okie, the first homoeopathic graduate in Ameri- 
ca. In 1855 Dr. Cooke removed to Chicago where his skill soon brought him a 
large practice and where he soon became famous. When Hahnemann Medi- 
cal College of Chicago was organized in 1859, Dr. Cooke was selected for the 
chair of Chemistry and afterward to that of Theory and Practice from which 
he resigned in 1870. Shortly before his death in 1885, Dr. Cooke was elected 
Professor Emeritus of Special Pathology and Diagnosis, by the same college 
and hospital (Hahnemann). Dr. Cooke hailed every new medical discovery 
with delight and introduced each new antiseptic or remedy into his practice. He 
lectured a great deal before medical bodies and religious associations such as 
the Young Men's Christian Association. He wrote and published "Satan in 
Society," in which he quotes largely from his own experiences as a physician. 
Dr. Cooke in 1866 became a convert to the Roman Catholic religion and with 
Tiis wife joined that church. He decided this after months of close study and 
it was from strong conviction that he took the step that separated him from his 
beloved brother Masons and cost him a large part of his professional practice, 
which, however, he soon recovered. Saint Ignatius College, Chicago, conferred 
upon Dr. Cooke the degree and title of LL.D. He died on Sunday morning, 
February i, 1885, and was buried in Calvary Cemetery, Chicago, his Grace, 
Most Reverend Archbishop Feehan, pronouncing the eulogy. Dr. Cooke mar- 
ried, October 15, 1856, Laura Wheaton Abbot, of Warren, Rhode Island, born 
in 1835, died in 1895, daughter of Commodore Joel Abbot, a distinguished offi- 
cer of the United States Navy (see Abbot). The children of this marriage 
were: Nicholas Francis Jr., born August 7, 1857; Abbot S., see forward; Jo- 
seph W., born November 29, 1867; Mary G., born November 17, 1869, who mar- 
ried Craig Heberton, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 21, 1902. 

Abbot S. Cooke, son of Dr. Nicholas Francis and Laura Wheaton (Ab- 
bot) Cooke, was born in Chicago, Illinois, July 9, 1859. His early education 
was under private tuition in his native city. From 1876 to 1879 he was a Cadet 
at the United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland. His early business 
experience was gained in the office of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago 
Railroad at Chicago. From 1881 to 1885 he was in the mercantile and banking 
business in New Mexico. He then removed to Kansas, where he engaged in 
banking and in the lumber business until 1896, when he settled in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, and engaged in the mining machinery business. In 1905 the cor- 
poration of Cooke-Wilson Electric Supply Company of Pittsburgh was formed 
with Mr. Cooke as president. He is also the president of Cooke & Wilson 
Company of Charleston, West Virginia. He is a director of the Capell Fan 
and Engineering Company and of the Union Electric Company. He is a member 
of the Pittsburgh Board of Trade, the Pittsburgh Athletic Association, the Pitts- 
burgh Art Society, the National Geographic Society, the Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, and the Automobile Club of Pittsburgh. Mr. Cooke and daugh- 
ters are members of Sacred Heart Roman Catholic parish of Pittsburgh. Ab- 
bot S. Cooke married, at Lincoln, Illinois, November 15, 1883, Mary Belle 
Smith, born in Lincoln, Illinois, daughter of Benjamin F. and Ann Louisa (Ashe) 
Smith. Her father. Benjamin F. Smith, was born in Adair county, Kentuck\-, 

674 COOKE 

in the year 1830. He removed to Lincoln, Illinois, and in 1862 enlisted in the 
Union army as corporal of Company F, One Hundred and Sixth Regiment, 
Illinois Infantry. He was mustered out in July, 1865, with the rank of ser- 
geant of the same company and regiment. He was in service two years and 
ten months. Sergeant Smith was a member of James R. Fulton Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic, at Garden City, Kansas. He died in 1902. Children of 
Abbot S. and Mary Belle (Smith) Cooke are: Georgia Gertrude, Sister Aquin, 
a novice of the reglious order Sisters of Mercy. Laura Abbot, Dorothea May, 
Mary Bertile, Wilhelmina Louise. Mr. Cooke resides in Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, No. 6100 Jackson Street. 


George Abbot, emigrant ancestor of Abbot S. Cooke, emigrated from 
Yorkshire, England, about the year 1640, and was among the first settlers of 
Andover, Massachusetts, where he lived and died on a farm that was until recent 
years still in the Abbot family. His house was a garrison and was used as such 
for protection against the Indians many years, both before and after his death. 
George Abbot married, in 1647, Hannah, daughter of William and Annis Chand- 
ler. George Abbot died December 24, 1681, aged sixty-six years. For forty years 
in the New World he had with his wife Hannah endured the trials, privations and 
dangers of that early frontier life. They reared a large family and trained them 
in the way they should go, according to the strict tenets of that early day faith. 
Children: i. John, bom March 2, 1648, died March, 1721. 2. Joseph, March 11, 
1649, died June 24, 1650; his is the first death recorded in the town records. 3. 
Hannah, June 9, 1650, died in March, 1740. 4. Joseph, March 30, 1652, died 
April 8, 1676; he was the first Indian victim to fall in Andover. 5. George, 
June 7, 1655, died February 27, 1736; selectman and captain. 6. William, No- 
vember 18, 1657, died October 24, 1713. 7. Sarah, November 14, 1659, died 
June 28, 171 1. 8. Benjamin, see forward. 9. Timothy, November 17, 1663, died 
September 9, 1730. 10. Thomas, May 6, 1666, died April 28, 1728. 11. Edward, 
drowned while young. 12. Nathaniel, born July 4, 1671, died December, 1749. 
13. Elizabeth, February 9, 1673, died May, 1750. 

Benjamin Abbot, eighth child of George (the emigrant) and Hannah 
(Chandler) Abbot, was bom December 20, 1661, on the Abbot homestead farm, 
where he lived, active, enterprising and respected. He married, in 1685, Sarah, 
daughter of Ralph Farnum, an early Andover settler. Children: Benjamin, 
bom July 11, 1686, died December 8, 1748; Jonathan, September, 1687, died 
March 21, 1770; David, born January 29, 1689, died November 14, 1753; Sam- 
uel, born May 19, 1694, died October 29, 1762. 

Benjamin (2) Abbot, son of Benjamin (i) and Sarah (Farnum) Ab- 
bot, born July 11, 1686, died December 8, 1748. He lived at home on his father's 
farm and assisted in the cultivation of that and the farm of his brothers. He 
married (first) in 1717, Elizabeth, his cousin, daughter of George Abbot. She 
died in 1718, and he married (second) in 1722, Mary Carlton, who died in Janu- 
ary, 1726. He married (third) in 1729, Abigail, daughter of Nehemiah Abbot; 
she died December 8, 1753, aged fifty-four years. Child of first wife was Sarah, 
born August 13, 1718, died March 5, 1778. Children of second wife were: Ben- 
jamin, see forward ; Daniel, born January 9, 1726, died April, 1793. 

Benjamin (3) Abbot, son of of Benjamin (2) and Mary (Carlton) Abbot, 
born November i, 1723, died January 5, 1770. He married, in 1747, Elizabeth, 
daughter of George Abbot. Children: Benjamin, born and died in 1748; Ben- 
jamin, bom April 11, 1749, died September 5, 1839; Elizabeth, February 22, 
1751, died Febmary 19, 1836; Samuel, April 13, 1752, died February, 1794; 
Mary, December 13, 1754, died January 23, 1755; George, December 29, 1755, 

676 ABBOT 

died September 15, 1818; Joel, see forward: Jacob, April 12, 1760, died April 
II, 1815; Mary, died 1796. 

Joel Abbot, son of Benjamin (3) and Elizabeth (Abbot) Abbot, was born 
December 4, 1757. died April 12, 1806. He married Lydia Cummings, born No- 
vember 26, 1769, died March 5, 1813. Children: Elizabeth, born January 22, 1787, 
died April 30, 1837; Joel, born and died June 29, 1789: Lydia, born November 27, 
1790, died August 20, 1791 ; Joel, see forward; Walter, September 17, 1795, 
died July 12, 1825, of a wound received in the Chesapeake, he was a lieutenant in 
the United States Navy; Lydia, July 5, 1798; Mary P., November 23, 1801, 
died 1831 ; Isaac Houghton, January 18, 1804. 

Joel (2) Abbot, son of Joel (i) and Lydia (Cummings) Abbot, was born 
January 18, 1793, died at Hong Kong, China, December 14, 1855. He entered 
the United States Navy and was a midshipman under Commodore MacDonough, 
and took part in the memorable battle on Lake Champlain during the war of 
1812. He was promoted to a lieutenancy for gallant conduct, not only during the 
action, but before, on discharge of hazardous duty. In addition to the promotion 
he received a handsome sword from Congress, and an appointment to the navy 
for his brother as an appreciation of his gallantry. In 1848 he was made Post 
Captain, the highest rank of the old Navy, and was ordered to the Japan Expedi- 
tion in command of the frigate "Macedonian". This was the famous "Perry'' 
expedition to make a treaty with Japan and open the ports of that country. At 
the conclusion of the Treaty, in which he bore a prominent part. Captain Abbot 
succeeded Commodore Perry to the command of the squadron, with the rank 
of Commodore. His extraordinary labors in the interest of navigation in Chinese 
waters, together with the onerous and delicate duties of the position, impaired his 
health and shortened the days of the veteran, and after a career singularly eventful 
and romantic. Commodore Abbot died at Hong Kong, China, December 14, 1855. 
When told by his physicians that a speedy return home alone could save his life, 
he replied : "I belong to the old school of officers and remain at my post until 
regularly relieved". The government, which had already given public approval 
of his course in Japan and China, had ordered a relief sent to him, but it arrived 
too late to save the life of the old hero. Commodore Joel Abbot married, Novem- 
ber 29, 1825, Laura, daughter of Charles and Abigail (Miller) Wheaton. She 
was his second wife. His first wife was Mary Wood, of Newburyport, Massa- 
chusetts, who died April 15, 1824, aged twenty-four years. By the first wife he 
had a son Joel Wood Abbot, born February 24, 1821. By his second wife, Laura 
Wheaton, he had: i. Lydia Lord, born September 14, 1826. 2. John Pickens, 
June 26, 1828. 3. Charles W., November 18, 1829, who died at the old homestead 
in Warren, Rhode Island, December 26, 1907, with the rank of Rear Admiral in 
the Pay Department of the United States Navy. 4. Trevett, July 2, 1831, died at 
sea in command of United States Steamship "Yantic," October 27, 1869. 5. 
Mary, bom 1832, died 1837. 6. Laura Wheaton, see forward. 7. Nathan, Decem- 
ber 25, 1836. 8. Mary, May i, 1839. 9- Walter, October 14, 1841, died in active 
service, February 3, 1873; Lieutenant Commander United States Navy. 

Laura Wheaton Abbot, daughter of Commodore Joel (2) and Laura (Wheaton) 
Abbot, was born March 10, 1835, died December 13, 1895. She married, Octo- 
ber 15, 1856, Nicholas Francis Cooke, M. D., LL.D. (see Cooke V). With 
this marriage the union of the three families, Miller, Abbot and Cooke, treated 


ABBOT 677 

in the record is complete. Commodore Abbot's wife, Laura Wheaton, was a 
daughter of Abigail Miller, daughter of General Nathan Miller. He and Gover- 
nor Nicholas Cooke were of the same state, time and mould of men. From their 
day to the present each generation of the three families has furnished exemplary 
citizens and men of mark in business, in the professions and in public life. 


John T. Findley is a great-grandson of William Findley, a captain in the 
Revolution and a prominent early political leader and congressman from the 
Westmoreland district, Pennsylvania, for over twenty years. He is also a lineal 
descendant of William Amberson, a lieutenant of the Pennsylvania line during 
the Revolution, and by marriage is connected with John Algeo, an early Wes- 
tern Pennsylvania settler. 

William Amberson was born in Pennsylvania and died in Mercer county, 
Pennsylvania, in the year 1835. He was first lieutenant of the Eighth Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania line, commanded by Colonel Mackey, during the year 1776- 
^y. In 1779 he was deputy quartermaster-general. He married a daughter of 
Devereux Smith, a crown magistrate and an early settler in Pittsburgh. Smith- 
field street, Pittsburgh, is so named from the fact that it ran through a part of 
Smith's land. William Amberson"s daughter Elizabeth married John Findley 
(see Findley). 

William Findley, paternal great-grandfather of John T. Findley, and the 
founder of the family in America, was one of the noted men of his day. Born 
in the north of Ireland in 1741, he came to Pennsylvania in 1763. He achieved 
prominence as a soldier and statesman, while in the world of literature he is 
known as the author of at least two works of national repute. William Findley 
was a descendant of one of the old signers of the "Solemn League and Cove- 
nant" in Scotland, and another of his ancestors bore a prominent part in the 
memorable siege of Londonderry, Ireland. The family was thus Scotch-Irish, 
and sprang from those who under the persecution of James II, were com- 
pelled to seek shelter elsewhere. He was still a young man when he came to 
Pennsylvania, and made one of the famous Octoraro settlement. He here 
early brought himself to notice among the "New American Covenanters". While 
under his father's roof in Ireland, he had the advantage of a larger library of 
books on church history and divinity, than was possessed by many of his 
neighbors. He says that he "had also been taught to read the Bible, and that 
he had inclined to some books on ancient history". The evidence of his appli- 
cation and taste is seen in his subsequent writings, because it was impossible for 
him. for a length of time after he came to America, to devote himself studiously 
to literary pursuits. At the outbreak of the Revolution he took sides with his 
adopted country and entered the army. He rose to the rank of captain and is 
so designated in some of the old records. While at Octoraro he taught school 
for several terms. He removed to Franklin county, Pennsylvania, where he 
purchased lands and was elected county commissioner for two terms of three 
years each. About the year 1782 he removed to Westmoreland county, Penn- 
sylvania, and bought a farm upon which he resided until his death. This farm, 
now a beautiful and valuable tract between Latrobe and St. Vincents, through 
which the Pennsylvania railroad passes, had then just been opened, and more 
than four-fifths of it was covered with bushes, vines and swamp growth. The 


community around him was Presbyterian in religious preference, and in a 
short time he was one of the chief members of that church body, a leading lay- 
man, and for many years an elder. Nor was he less prominent in politics. He 
was a born leader of men, and from the first not only had the confidence of the 
most substantial citizens of the district, but obtained and held an ascendency 
over the common people that was relaxed only with his death. He refused a 
seat in the Assembly, but was sent as one of the Council of Censors. From 
that time, he says, until 1821, he never spent but one whole winter with his 
family. In the Board of Censors he voted invariably against the party which 
professed Federalism, and at all times upon the opposite side from General Ar- 
thur St. Clair, who sat as a censor from Philadelphia. This board sat from 
November 10, 1783, until the Constitution of 1790 was adopted. Findley, with 
William Todd as colleague, represented Westmoreland county in the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1789-90. In the convention he introduced a resolution 
which he hoped to become a law under the constitution, "to educate the poor 
gratis". He was a member of the Supreme Executive Council and a member 
of the first State Legislature of Pennsylvania, under the constitution of 1790. 
In 1 79 1 he was elected to Congress from the Westmoreland district and sat in 
the House until 1799, and then after an interval of two terms was re-elected 
again and again served from 1803 until 1817. Some of his old friends said he 
would still be in Congress if he had lived. In Congress some of his political 
enemies said he was inconsistent, but such was his tact that his constituents nev- 
er found it out. He was a consummate politician but something more than a 
"puller of threads and a disentangler of skeins". He helped to shape public 
opinion, as much possibly as any other man in western Pennsylvania in his day, 
and as a politician was more effective out of Congress than in it. He had a 
large personal acquaintance and his manners were such as to make him a favor- 
ite in a democracy. Besides this, he had the sympathy and influence of the 
strongest church organization in the county at that time. The Scotch-Irish 
swore by \\'illiam Findley. He was opposed to the adoption of the Federal Con- 
stitution, but after its adoption took a firm stand in its support. He wrote and 
published a book entitled "Observations on The Two Sons of Oil, containing a 
vindication of the American Constitution and defending the blessings of Relig- 
ious Liberty and Toleration, against the illiberal strictures of the Rev. Samuel 
B. Wylie," by William Findley, Member of Congress, 1812. He is somewhat 
prolix in the volume and at times a little tiresome, but he goes through a wide 
range and supports his statements by numerous quotations from and reference to 
the writers of church history both modern and patristic and by texts from the 
Scriptures. His most important writing, however, was entitled "History of 
the Insurrection in the Four Western Counties of Pennsylvania," in the year 
MDCCXCIV by William Findley, Member of the House of Representatives of 
the United States, with a recital of the circumstances specially connected there- 
with and historical review of the previous situation of the country, 1796. This 
history of the "Whiskey Insurrection" seems upon careful review to give but 
a partial view of the matter and to be a justification of his own share in it, as 
he was without question one of the principal characters in that event. The work 
has been widely quoted by nearly every general and local historian who has 
written upon the subject. It is undoubtedly the most important and substantial 


one he wrote, and treating as it did of a political subject and giving the view 
of one of the most active participants in that great civil disturbance, it could 
not but be a work to which attention would be drawn. It has been quoted and 
drawn upon by eminent legal and historical writers such as Wharton and Hil- 
dreth, while on the other hand it has been assailed with violence by political 
opponents of the author and was ridiculed by the New England Federalists. 
Touching all the criticisms and the attacks the book received, all of his adver- 
saries are free to admit, that he would not knowingly deviate from the truth, 
but they assert that his prejudices were strong and that his personal feelings 
biased his judgment. There was only one edition of the History published and 
copies are now very scarce, the few extant being in the possession of various 
historical societies or in the state libraries. He published many articles in the 
Farmers Register between 1799 and death in 1821, under the nom de plume of 
"Sidney". Also in 1794 "A Review of the Funding System". 

From the foregoing it will be seen that he was no idler and a man of versatile 
thought and interest. He was present at every session of Congress and when 
at home superintended his farm. He took a deep interest in Unity Church 
(Presbyterian) of which he was an elder. Some time before his death, he 
built a large and substantial two-story brick residence, which is still standing, 
and situated on the west bank of Loyalhanna Creek, in the town of Latrobe, a 
short distance south of the line of the Pennsylvania railroad. In this home 
he lived until old and infirm, when he removed to the home of his daughter Mrs. 
Carothers, where he died. He is buried in the churchyard of Unity Church 
where a plain gray stone marks the spot, bearing the following inscription : 



William Findley 

Departed this Life 

Apr 5 1821 

In the 80th year 

Of his life." 

He was a very large man and very tasteful in dress. At home he dressed in 
homespun, but on going out in fair weather wore a complete suit of white, with 
white hat, having a very broad brim, silk stockings and queue. In cold weather, 
his dress was the conventional "shad belly" coat, long waistcoat, dark knee 
breeches, long boots, but always the broad rimmed beaver hat. An old lady who 
passed her childhood in the family of William Findley has said, that the period- 
ical occasion of his going away to Congress was one of the greatest magnitude, 
not only in the family but in the neighborhood. He went of course on horse- 
back, on a horse he used for that purpose only. For weeks before he started 
arrangements were making; his horse was well housed and well conditioned 
and an abundance of the finest linen was prepared for the use of the congress- 
man until he should return. On the day that had been fixed for his departure, 
all the neighbors came around to see him off, to lift their hats and say goodbye. 
The women part of the household would always be in commotion, for the 
journey at that day was great, the distance long and the good man would be 
away so long. He was twice married, his second wife being a widow, Mrs. 
Carothers, a beautiful woman and much younger than her husband. By the 


first wife he had three children : David, an officer in the regular army of the 
United States ; Nellie, married a Carothers, a son of her father's second wife 
by her first husband ; Mary, married John Black. By his second wife he had : — 

John Findley, son of William Findley, was born at the homestead farm in 
Unity township, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, near Latrobe, February 23, 
1776. He became a surveyor and a farmer. After his marriage he removed to 
Mercer county, Pennsylvania, near the present town of Mercer, which he sur- 
veyed and laid out. He was a man of probity, intelligence and high standing. 
He was appointed associate judge of Mercer county and sat upon the bench for 
several years. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Lieutenant Amberson (see 
Amberson) and reared a family of four children : William, see forward ; David, 
a farmer of Mercer county ; John, a minister of the United Presbyterian church ; 
Patterson, a farmer of Mercer county. John Findley, the father, died December 
9. 1855. 

Rev. William Findley, D. D., son of John and Elizabeth (Amberson) Find- 
ley, was born February 4, 1808, died May 9, 1886, at Newcastle, Pennsylvania. 
He was a graduate of Jefferson College of Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. His theo- 
logical education was obtained at Princeton Theological and Allegheny Theolog- 
ical seminaries. His early career was begun in Butler county, where he served 
several charges as pastor until 1857. From that date until 1876 he was connected 
with Westminster College as Professor of Latin. After 1876 he retired from 
professional duties although he filled pulpits occasionally until his death. He was 
a strong Abolitionist, but he never took active part in politics. He married Eliza- 
beth, bom January 20, 1819, daughter of John Cunningham, of Mercer. She 
resides in New Wilmington, Pennsylvania, where she recently celebrated her 
ninetieth birthday. Children of William and Elizabeth (Cunningham) Findley: 
I. Dorcas, (Mrs. Thomas Dobie), a resident of Chesley, Ontario, Canada. 2. 
Rev. Dr. James G. D., of Newburg, New York, who married Mary Gormly. 3. 
Elizabeth, who died in the South in 1864, while engaged in mission work among 
the freedmen. 4. William L., a lawyer of New York City; married Carlibelle 
Chase and has four children. 5. Jane, deceased ; she was Mrs. Robert B. Tag- 
gart, of East Palestine, Ohio; one child survives her. 6. Grace, (Mrs. William 
E. Browne) of Newcastle, Pennsylvania, who has four children. 7. Emma, 
deceased ; she was Mrs. Malcolm McConnell, of Newcastle, Pennsylvania, and left 
three children. 8. John T., of later mention. 9. Isabella, unmarried. 

John Thomas Findley, son of Rev. William and Elizabeth (Cunningham) 
Findley, was born at Prospect, Butler county, Pennsylvania, April 4, 1852. He is 
a graduate of Westminster College, class of 1873. In the latter year he set- 
tled in Pittsburgh, where he has since resided. In politics he is an independent 
thinker and voter. He married, March 22, 1887, Kate Oudry, bom March, 1859, 
at Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, the maternal granddaughter of John Algeo, who 
with his parents, William and Margaret (Levins) Algeo, came to Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1796, and settled in the Charteris Valley near Robinson's 
Run and in 1802 located in Pittsburgh. Mr. and Mrs. John T. Findley have one 
son, Paul Bruce Findley, born in Pittsburgh, April 20, 1888. He is a graduate of 
Princeton University, class of 1909. 


The ancestry of Wickliffe C. Lyne, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is traced by 
direct line of descent to the earliest days of colonial Virginia and then back sev- 
eral generations to the early days of English and Scotch history. 

Sir Richard Waller, hero of Agincourt, whose capture of the Duke of Orleans, 
the father of Louis XII of France, in October, 141 5, added the ducal crest of 
Orleans to the Waller coat-of-arms, is one of his lineal ancestors through his 
mother's descent from Colonel John Waller, of Virginia. This branch of his fam- 
ily is a very ancient one; the great-grandfather of Sir Richard being mentioned 
in the Domesday Book which contains the tax registration of the Norman Kings. 
The family of Benjamin Waller, of Williamsburg, Virginia, is traced back to the 
days of Charlemagne by some authorities on family genealogy. 

General Lewis Littlepage, descendant of Zachary Lewis and Mary Waller, the 
forebears of Wicklifife C. Lyne, was a distinguished diplomat who spent many 
years in Europe attached to various courts and was the reputed favorite of Cath- 
arine of Russia and intimate friend of Stanislas, King of Poland. 

The English branch of the Lyne family was seated for many years in Cornwall, 
and John Lyne was the well-known representative of the family in 1645 at Ox- 
ford. Lieutenant Laughline Lyne, one of the forty-nine officers of Charles I, 
in his war with Ireland, is supposed to be a member of the same family, as is also 
the branch of the Lyne family now represented by Sir William John Lyne, K. C. 
M. G., member of Parliament, Melbourne, Australia, premier and colonial treas- 
urer and minister for home affairs. 

The American ancestry begins with William Lyne, emigrant, who came to Vir- 
ginia from Bristol, England, in 1725. He settled in King William county, Vir- 
ginia, the favorite spot of many English cavaliers and among these he brought the 
traditions and culture of social heritage and also the arms and crest, which to-day 
is included in the Harleian Collection in the liritish Museum of the heraldry of 
English nobility and gentry approved by the king-at-arms in the College of Her- 
aldry established by William and Mary. His natural force and fine character were 
recognized in his new environments and we find him mentioned by Bishop Meade 
in his "History of Old Famihes of Virginia" as one of those "Prominent in civil 
and ecclesiastic matters." 

William Lyne, the great-grandfather of Wickliffe C. Lyne, represented the 
county of King and Queen in the House of Burgesses composed of the most 
eminent men in Virginia. He was a member of the Virginia convention in 1775, 
made memorable by the first resolution planning the organization and defense of 
the American Colonies when Patrick Henry made his famous plea for "Liberty or 
Death". His services as a Revolutionary patriot were of distinct value as a mem- 
ber of the Committee of Safety in 1775 and as colonel of the King and Queen 
county troops in 1776. He served at the close of the Revolution as a member of 
the Williamsburg convention in 1788 with Madison, Jefferson, Henry and Ran- 

LYNE 683 

dolph, when these Virginia patriots ratified the Federal Constitution, and the 
career of the American RepubHc virtually began. 

William Lyne, grandfather of Wickliffe C. Lyne, married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Colonel John and Lucy (Walker) Baylor. Colonel Baylor, the great- 
grandfather of Wickliffe C. Lyne, was a member of the House of Burgesses for 
twenty years (1740 to 1760), the longest continuous legislative service known in 
the history of colonial Virginia. Bishop Meade in his history brings out the 
interesting fact that Colonel Baylor enjoyed such remarkable popularity that only 
one vote in Caroline county, which he represented, was cast against him. During 
the War of the Revolution, Colonel Baylor served on Washington's staff at Win- 
chester, by whom he was held in high personal esteem. Washington makes note 
in his diary, April 30, 1785, of spending the night at Baylor's home and the fol- 
lowing night at the home of Patrick Henry. He was not only an earnest patriot 
and soldier, but an ardent churchman, as shown by the fact mentioned by Bishop 
Meade that he built the Episcopal church at Bowling Green, Virginia. 

Captain George Baylor, son of Colonel Baylor, enjoyed Washington's greatest 
confidence, was given command of Washington's life-guard, and was sent by his 
commander on an expedition of great importance to Canada. Campbell in his 
"History of Virginia" records the fact that he was with Washington when he 
crossed the Delaware in the dead of winter and captured one thousand Hessians. 
This memorable event is familiar to all through the picture of "Washington Cross- 
ing the Delaware". General Washington delegated to Baylor the honor of pre- 
senting to the Congress at Philadelphia the colors taken from the British at the 
battle of Trenton. History also tells that in Baylor's arms the brilliant Revolution- 
ary soldier, General Mercer, expired after receiving his fatal wound at Princeton, 
when rallying his men against three British regiments. "The Death of Mercer" 
as well as the "Crossing of the Delaware" are both widely known as works of 
art, the former being held as, one of the most precious canvases on the walls of 
Princeton University. Captain Baylor married Lucy Mann Page, descendant of 
Colonel Mann Page, of "His Majesty's Council" and of "King Carter", the presi- 
dent of the Colonial Council of Virginia and ancestor of Carter Braxton, signer 
of the Declaration of Independence. 

Dr. Robert Baylor Lyne, of Richmond, Virginia, father of Wickliffe C. 
Lyne, was a graduate of Transylvania University (now Kentucky University), 
and a physician of great public spirit and wide philanthropy. During the Civil 
War he maintained at his own private expense hospitals for wounded soldiers, 
and was unlimited in his hospitality at all times to the needy. Mary Ambrose 
Edwards, wife of Dr. Robert Baylor Lyne, was the granddaughter of Rev. Hancock 
Dunbar, Episcopalian minister, and descendant of the Dunbar family who claimed 
the Earl of Dunbar as its forbear. Colonel Thomas Dunbar, member of this fam- 
ily and kinsman of Mrs. Lyne, was made commander-in-chief of the British forces 
in America in the French and Indian War after the defeat and death of General 
Braddock. She was a descendant also of Ambrose Edwards, wealthy tobacco 
planter, who brought with him when he emigrated from England a royal grant 
of a large landed estate in King William, Virginia. Walthean Butler, wife of Am- 
brose Edwards, is said to have been a member of the famous Butler family, into 
which George Washington married, and which traced its origin to the Earl of Or- 
mond and early Saxon Kings. The history of the descendants of Ambrose Ed- 

684 ^>'A'£ 

wards fills the larger part of the volume known as "Old Families of King Wil- 
liam", one of the most reliable, painstaking works on family genealogy, and from 
which much of the data of this article is supplied. Ann Butler, who married 
Charles Carter, of Shirley, the grandparents of General Robert Lee, belongs to 
this branch of the Butler family. 

The Hon. William Lyne Wilson, the great tarii? leader in Congress, author of 
the famous "Wilson Bill" and later on Postmaster General in Cleveland's Cab- 
inet, was the nephew of Dr. Robert Baylor Lyne. Another well-known member 
of the Lyne stock, whose claims in the Colonial Dames of America are based upon 
the descent from Colonel William Lyne, is Elizabeth Lyne Montague, wife of 
Governor Andrew Jackson Montague, recent chief magistrate of Virginia. 

Through these various lines of patriotic descent, WicklifTe C. Lyne is eligible 
to membership in the Sons of Colonial Wars, the Society of Cincinnati, and the 
Sons of American Revolution, in which he is a prominent member, having served 
on the Board of Managers and also delegate and state chairman in the Congress 
of the Sons of American Revolution held in Pittsburgh some years ago. 

Children of Dr. Robert Baylor and Mary A. (Edwards) Lyne: i. William H. 
Lyne, deceased, married Cassie Alexandria, daughter of Senator William Augus- 
tus Moncure, auditor of Virginia and descendant of Colonel William Byrd, of 
Westover, the founder of Richmond, Virginia. Oliver Lyne, oldest son of Will- 
iam H., is a prosperous farmer at Orange county, Virginia. Dr. William H. Lyne, 
Jr., deceased, was a member of the Richmond Medical College faculty. Cassie 
Moncure Lyne is a well known magazine writer and authoress. Peachie Gascoigne 
Lyne is the wife of Attorney Shackleford, great-grandson of Thomas Jefferson. 

2. Robert Baylor Lyne, Jr., deceased, was engaged in the real estate business 
with his brother, William H., and for many years, until their death, the firm was 
the leading one in Richmond, Virginia. He married Maggie Rebecca, daughter 
of Henry Shawan, banker of Cynthiana, Kentucky, and granddaughter of Hon. 
Joseph Shawan, senator of Kentucky. Minnie Shawan, their eldest daughter, 
married William Johnston Cocke, banker and mayor of Asheville, North Caro- 
lina. Margaret Lyne, married , a prosperous farmer of Kentucky. Robert 

Baylor Lyne, Jr., is a prosperous farmer in Kentucky. 

3. Bettie Coleman Lyne, deceased. 

4. Ella Lyne, deceased. 

5. MoUie Gary Lyne, married Dr. Daniel W. Moseley, of Richmond, Virginia, 
member of one of the best known old Virginia families, and has been for many 
years the president of numerous charitable and religious associations. 

6. WicklifTe Campbell Lyne, see forward. 

WicKLiFFE Campbell Lyne, son of Dr. Robert Baylor and Mary (Ambrose) 
Lyne, was born near Richmond, Virginia, September 22, 1850. He graduated in 
the class of 1870, Bethany College, West Virginia, an honored old institution of 
learning and Alma Mater of many well known public men such as Governor 
Odell, of New York, Senator Oliver, of F'ennsylvania, Hon. Champ Clark, Speaker 
of the House, and Judge Lamar of the United States Supreme Court. Mr. Lyne, 
though the youngest in his class, took first rank in both the sciences and the class- 
ics. His Alma Mater conferred upon him the honorary degree of Master of Arts 
and offered him the Chair of Latin and Greek upon the resignation of Vice-Presi- 
dent Charles Loos, who was called to the presidency of Kentucky University. 


LYNE 68s 

Declining this offer, as well as a call to the presidency of two Normal Colleges, 
after a successful experience as principal of the Claysville Normal School, 
Burgettstown Academy and Washington High School, and educational work in 
Pittsburgh as principal of the Normal School and University, Lecturer on Litera- 
ture and History, he accepted the position of manager of one of the old New Eng- 
land insurance companies, and later on of the Union Central Life of Cincinnati, 
one of the ten largest insurance companies, which position he now holds. In this 
field of labor, he has been very successful. He was one of the organizers of the 
Pittsburgh Life Underwriters; serving several terms as chairman of the executive 
committee, and is the senior president of this association. He was one of the com- 
mittee of three Pennsylvania Underwriters appointed by the Pittsburgh .^Association 
to secure favorable "Anti-rebate Legislation," and their successful efforts in secur- 
ing the passage of these anti-rebate laws in Pennsylvania were followed by similar 
legislation in forty-two other states and blazed the way for the Anti-rebate legis- 
lation directed against industrials and railroads. His addresses and writings on 
insurance have attracted wide attention by their clear, forceful presentation. The 
Finance Chronicle of London, one of the most conservative English journals, 
reproduced his address on "The Evolution and Ethics of Insurance Contracts" 
delivered before a national insurance convention. Aside from his activity in insur- 
ance and real estate operations, he has served on the directorate of a National 
Bank, Trust Company, an Accident Insurance Company, president of Natural Gas 
Company, and other positions of business trust. He has been actively identified 
also with institutions of learning and societies for promotion of arts and science 
and civic improvements, serving as a director of Bethany College, trustee of the 
Pittsburgli .-Art Society, director of the Mozart Musical Society, trustee of a Car- 
negie Library, member of the Pittsburgh Academy of Science and .-Arts, and also 
the American Academy of Political and Social Science of Philadelphia. At one 
period in his life he edited one of the oldest political journals in Western Penn- 
sylvania, the Rei'iezi' and Examiner of Washington, Pennsylvania, and also suc- 
cessfully managed, as chairman of the congressional committee, the campaign of 
his kinsman, William Lyne Wilson, in West Virginia. He has always been 
deeply interested as a churchman in activities of that nature, serving ten years as 
president of the Board of church trustees and superintendent for over twenty 
years of Bible school and vice-president of the Pennsylvania Board of Home Mis- 
sions. The library known as the Lyne Library at Bethany College was donated 
by him to that institution and named in his honor by the trustees. The handsome 
soldiers' monument, which stands upon the brow of the hill at the eastern end of 
Penn Avenue, in Woodlawn, was erected by him in memory of the soldiers of the 
Mexican, Civil and Spanish wars, and in recognition of this patriotic act he was 
made an honorary member of the Grand Army of the Republic. Mr. Lyne is a 
member of the Duquesne and L'nion clubs of Pittsburgh, and actively identified 
with other well known social and business organizations. 

By his marriage to Mary Vowel Winters, daughter of Addison Winters, Esq., 
of Washington, Pennsylvania, there are four children : — Wickliffe Bull, Sarah 
Harman, Robert Addison and Virginia Brown. Of these Wickliffe B., a graduate 
of Princeton, 1901, is Electric Engineer with Westinghouse Electric Company; 
Robert A. is vice-president and secretary of Sullon Real Estate Company, the 
two daughters reside at home. 

686 LYME 

Mary \o\vel (Winters) Lyne, wife of Wickliflfe C. Lyne, born December 
25, 1854. in Canonsburg. Pennsylvania, died December 19, 1906, in Pittsburgh, 
came of a long and distinguished Puritan ancestry. In her line of descent are 
four Colonial governors one president of a colony, one chief justice, one attor- 
ney general, and the founders of the social capital of America, Newport, Rhode 

She was the great-granddaughter of Stewart Brown, and Sarah Harman of 
Philadelphia, whose marriage is the one social event of Colonial Pennsylvania 
recorded in Burkes Peerage. The brother of Stewart Brown was Alexander 
Brown, founder of the International Banking House of Brown Brothers, New 
York, Philadelphia and Liverpool, and uncle of Sir William Brown who was 
created Baronet by Queen Victoria in recognition of his princely philanthropy 
to Liverpool. 

Sarah Harman was the daughter of Jacob Harman, of Philadelphia, and 
Sarah Stevens, of Newport, a direct descendant of the Coggeshalls, Bulls and 
Hutchisons, who were the foremost men of colonial Rhode Island. The 
distinguished services of these colonial ancestors in the lineal ancestry of Mrs. 
Lyne gave her ten separate claims allowed by the Society of the Colonial Dames 
of Pennsylvania, the highest number admitted in the membership of Western 

Some of those in her direct line of descent are : John Coggeshall, founder of 
Newport and first president of the colony. Governor Coggeshall was the son 
of Lady Anne Coggeshall, of Hedrington Castle, England, where he was born. 
Inheriting a strong love for civil and religious liberty, he emigrated with his 
family to Massachusetts, where he helped to found Boston. His fine social po- 
sition united with executive ability and strong common sense, caused him to 
be most useful in laying the foundation of civil and religious liberty in New 
England. He seems to have filled almost every position of honor and trust in 
the gift of the colonists. The oldest historical record of Boston extant "1634, 
monthe 7, daye i" mentions the fact that he with Winthrop Hutchison, Un- 
derbill, and five others, were the first "select men appointed to manage the af- 
faires of ye towne of Boston". He served seven different times as Boston's 
representative in the parliament of Massachusetts known as the general court 
of Massachusetts, a legislative body whose organization was the accepted model 
of many a colony and state. He was one of the committee appointed to estab- 
lish and support a system of public instruction, and as Harvard University was 
founded during his term, he probably lent a hand in shaping the course of that 
institution. Aside from his other duties, he was a strong churchman, serving as 
deacon in Boston's first church of which Rev. John Cotton, who had left Bos- 
ton, England, because of Archbishop Laud's opposition, was the pastor. He 
was also associated in work with the famous Indian Apostle, John Eliot, the 
author of the famous Indian Bible. 

John Coggeshall, like Sir Henry Vane, Coddington, Brenton, Bull, Clark, 
and other choice spirits of Boston, sympathized with the religious views of Anne 
Hutchinson, and when she was exiled, they settled with the Hutchison family in 
Rhode Island, where they became original proprietors and founders of Historic 
Charter Colonies, and Bull, Hutchison and Coggeshall each served as gover- 

LYNE 687 

The Coggeshall family dates its origin from the Norman Conquest and came 
of some of the best and purest blood in Europe. The "King's Book of Inquisi- 
tion" says : "The Coggeshalls in the feudal ages were powerful and very rich — 
one of them furnishing feudal retainers from ten manors in the wars with 
Scotland." Weaver's London Monument tells that "King Edward III — the 
Black Prince knighted John de Coggeshall the same day he made his eldest son 
earl and duke." This knighthood was based upon bravery upon the battlefield 
of Poitiers. Another member of this family — Ralph Coggeshall — was a Cru- 
sader and his history of "The Siege of Jerusalem" written in Latin, is still a 
classic in many old libraries. 

Henry Bull, founder of Portsmouth (1638) and Newport (1639), served 
the colonists three times as governor of Rhode Island (1685-86-90). It was 
Henry Bull that at the most critical hour for colonial liberty had the spirit and 
courage to accept the leadership of Popular Rights against the tyrant Andross 
who was seeking to annul the Royal Charter of Massachusetts, Connecticut 
and Rhode Island. "All eyes", said Bancroft the Historian, "turned to the old 
Antinomnian exile, the more than octogenarian Henry Bull, and in February, 
1690, that feerless Quaker, true to the light within, employed the last glimmer- 
ing of life to restore the democratic charter to Rhode Island." This charter 
was the ark of liberty and, as another historian says, "Established civil govern- 
ment for the first time in the world on the doctrine of liberty of conscience, 
making it the highest Court of Appeal and Cornerstone of Popular Rights." It 
remained in existence until it became the oldest constitutional charter in the 
world and was the first formal separation of church from state known. Gov- 
ernor Henry Bull, by restoring this priceless legacy to civilization, crowned his 
career covering a long, useful life. 

Captain Jireh Bull, son of Governor Henry Bull, did gallant service in King 
Phillip's war, and when his house or the garrison which stood on the crest of a 
hill, called Tower Hill, was attacked in December, 1675, and set on fire and two 
men and five women and children killed, the news of the outrage so inflamed the 
army at Warwick they started in hot haste for vengeance and the dreadful 
slaughter of "The Great Swamp Fight" followed. This historic house had been 
used freely as a place of religious assembly, and history tells us that there came 
here to worship at times George Fox, the saintly apostle of the Inner Life, the 
famous John Cartwright, and others. 

History also tells that when the Tyrant, Sir Edmond Andross, arrived as gov- 
ernor of New York, Captain Bull commanded a fort at Saybrook and was or- 
dered to surrender the fort to the new official. The order was disregarded. 

The great-great-grandson of Governor Henry Bull was Henry Bull, of New- 
port, attorney general of Rhode Island, 1721, speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, 1728, deputy governor, 1729, and chief justice, 1749. He mar- 
ried Phoebe Coggeshall, granddaughter of John Coggeshall, president of Rhode 
Island Colony. 

William Hutchison, of Newport, Rhode Island, belonged to a distinguished 
family in England which had furnished two mayors to Lincoln, England, and 
was foremost in the civil and military aflfairs of Massachusetts for one hundred 
and fifty years. He arrived in Boston, with his wife Anne Hutchison, the 
famous religious reformer, September 18, 1636, on board the "Griffin." They 

688 LYNE 

brought with them a family of fifteen children, the descendants of whom, as 
well as themselves, left a strong impress upon Massachusetts. Elisha Hutchi- 
son, descendant, became chief justice, and his grandson, Thomas Hutchison, 
was the famous Royalist governor of Massachusetts and historian. He was a 
man of brilliant intellect ; the Lord Chancellor of England, Lord Longborough, said 
of him : "He is the admiration of half of England and of all of Continental Eu- 
rope." John Adams said of him ; "He understood the subject of coin and com- 
merce better than any man I ever knew in this country". He was one of the 
most famous sons of Harvard and his "History of Massachusetts" is regarded 
still as a classic. 

William Hutchison, emigrant, after leaving Massachusetts with his family, 
founded Portsmouth, Rhode Island, and later became its chief magistrate. He 
was appointed by Charles H, one of the trustees of the famous Royal Charter 
of 1663, and served as the judge of Newport and Portsmouth and deputy gov- 
ernor of Rhode Island. The famous Old Book Store in Boston marks the loca- 
tion of the residence of himself and Anne Hutchison, his wife. Her father was 
Rev. Francis Marbury, an English clergyman. Her mother was Bridget Dryden, 
the great-aunt of John Dryden, the English dramatist and Poet Laureate, who 
lies interred in Westminster Abbey. She was also a relative of Dean Jonathan 
Swith, and thus by heredity was strongly favored. She was the foremost wo- 
man of New England — the "Pioneer of Woman's Rights", who antagonized the 
clergy by her advanced religious views and claim to the right of public speaking. 
Because of her strong opinions she was exiled from Massachusetts though many 
of the ablest men of her time shared her opinion and were e.xiled with her. Sir 
Harry Vane, the former governor of Massachusetts and later champion of pop- 
ular rights with Oliver Cromwell sided with her, as did all of the Boston Church 
membership of three hundred and seventy-two members, save five. Speaking 
of this gifted woman, Bancroft declares "She was the founder of one of the 
two parts in Massachusetts colony and that even her enemies could never 
speak of her without acknowledging her eloquence and ability". Woodrow 
Wilson in his "History of American People," says : "Her engaging earnestness 
and eloquence gave her noticeable pre-eminence among her sex. Great and 
small alike felt the woman's charm and power". 

Anne Hutchison, after the death of her husband, William Hutchison, left 
Rhode Island and settled in New York, where she was massacred by the In- 
dians with all her family excepting a young daughter, who was ransomed from 
Indian captivity and four years later married John Cole, of Newport. 

The Hutchison family, as also the Coggeshalls, the Wallers, the Browns and 
the Lynes, each has its coat-of-arms and crest which has been honored both in 
Court and Field. 


The Duane family is composed of two branches, distantly related, of which 
one became established at an early date in New York and the other in Phila- 

James Duane, the first mayor of New York City after its evacuation by the 
British army in 1783, was a member of the New York branch of the family. 
The earliest member of the Philadelphia branch to attain distinction was Wil- 
liam Duane, who was born near Lake Champlain, in the Province of New 
York in 1760. After the death of his father, John Duane, in 1765, his mother 
removed to Philadelphia, thence to Baltimore, and afterwards to Ireland, where 
the family were the owners of a large estate near Queenstown. Here William 
Duane was liberally educated. Soon after his marriage, at the age of nine- 
teen, he went with his wife Catharine to England, and in 1784 to India, where 
shortly afterwards he established a newspaper in Calcutta, called The World 
devoted both to local and international news and interests. It became a great 
commercial success. Duane during his whole life was engaged in fighting the 
battles of the weak against the strong, and in the columns of his paper he pub- 
lished from time to time grievances of the soldiers under the command of the 
Governor-general, Sir John Shore, and also other criticisms of the British East 
India Company. These articles were deemed by the Governor-general to be 
prejudicial to his administration, and one night Duane was, by order of the 
Governor-general seized by a band of Sepoys and placed on board a vessel 
just sailing for England, and his property, amounting to $50,000 and including 
a considerable library, was confiscated. On arriving in England he vainly 
sought redress from both the British Parliament and the East India Company 
for his losses and for the injustice of his peremptory deportation. He became 
a parliamentary reporter for the General Advertiser, afterwards called the 
Loudon Times, and continued in that employment until 1796, when he removed 
to Philadelphia where he had spent a portion of his boyhood days. 

In Philadelphia, Mr. Duane resumed his literary labors, both as a newspa- 
per correspondent and in the line of general literary work, assisting in the prep- 
aration of a book on the French Revolution, and becoming connected with the 
Aurora, a Philadelphia newspaper, then published by Benjamin Franklin Bache, 
grandson of the great philosopher and journalist, Benjamin Franklin. Upon 
the death of Mr. Bache from yellow fever in the epidemic of 1798, William 
Duane became editor-in-chief of the Aurora, which under his able management 
soon developed into the leading organ of the Jefifersonian party. Jefferson himself, 
the father of the Democratic party, attributed his election to the presidency 
largely to its influence. William Duane took a most active part in the political 
issues of his time, and was noted for his fearless disregard of danger in fight- 
ing for the public issues which he espoused. In 1799 he was placed pn trial for 
complicity in inciting the sedition riots in Philadelphia, being, with several 
others, charged with printing and posting notices at the Roman Cat'' ''c 

690 DUANE 

churches requesting the members to meet there and sign petitions and protests 
against tlie ahen and sediton laws. All the defendants were however ac- 

William Duane continued to be the editor of the Aurora until 1822, when he 
sold his interest in it and went to South America as a representative of the 
American creditors of certain of the republics of that continent. He took up the 
cause of the revolutionists who w>°re struggling for the independence of the 
United States of Columbia, and after independence had been achieved he received 
a vote of thanks from the congress of that country for his exertions in their 
behalf. Upon his return to Philadelpl.'ia he published in 1826 a volume entitled 
"A \'isit to Columbia, 1822-3". William Duane was shortly afterwards ap- 
pointed prothonotary of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, and held that 
position until his death in 1835. He was also an alderman of Philadelphia, and 
prior to the War of 1812 with Great Britain he had command of the Philadel- 
phia Legion, a volunteer corps, distinguished among local organizations for its 
superior discipline and military tactics. He was also adjutant-general of the 
district in which he resided during the War of 1812, and aide to the commander- 
in-chief of state militia with the rank of colonel. As such he had command of 
one of the forts on the Delaware a short distance below Philadelphia, where a 
company of soldiers were stationed to ward off any attack by the enemy upon 
the city, but happily no such attack was attempted. In addition to numerous 
papers on political and miscellaneous subjects, Mr. Duane was the author of a 
"Military Dictionary," published in 1810, and of a "Handbook for Riflemen," 
published in 1813. He was the Democratic candidate for Congress in 1824 from 
one of the Philadelphia districts, but was defeated by Joseph Hemphill. 

William Duane married (first) at Clonmel, Ireland, in 1779, Catharine Cor- 
coran, daughter of William Corcoran. She died in Philadelphia in 1798. He 
married (second) in 1801, Margaret Hartman (Markoe) Bache, widow of Ben- 
jamin Franklin Bache, whom Duane succeeded as the publisher of the Aurora 
in 1798. 

William John Duane, son of William and Catharine (Corcoran) Duane, 
bom in Clonmel, Ireland, in 1780, came to Philadelphia with his parents in 
1796, studied law, and was admitted to the Philadelphia bar in 1803. He became 
a prominent and successful lawyer and a leading figure in local, state and national 
politics. He was a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1812, declined a 
nomination to Congress by the Democratic party in 1824, and was appointed by 
President Jackson Secretary of the Treasury in 1833. He was not in accord 
with the views of Jackson in reference to the United States Bank, and refused 
to withdraw the public funds from that institution when asked to do so by the 
President. He was then requested to resign from the cabinet, but as a matter 
of principle refused to do so, and was removed by the President. He returned 
to Philadelphia and resumed his law practice. He was for many years private 
counsel for Stephen Girard, wrote the will of that famous philanthropist, by 
which Girard College was created and endowed, and later, was one of the active 
executors of the will, and as such took a prominent part in superintending the 
management of that great institution. He was one of the honorary pall bearers 
of John Quincy Adams at the funeral obsequies of that distinguished statesman, 
and continued to be active in public affairs until the time of his death which 

1317990 ^' 

occurred September 26, 1865, at his residence No. 1604 Locust Street, Philadel- 
phia. William J. Duane married, December 31, 1805, Deborah Bache, daughter 
of Richard Bache and his wife Sarah Franklin, only daughter of Dr. Benjamin 

Richard Bache, born in Settle, Yorkshire, September 12, 1737, came to 
America when a young man, following his elder brother, Theophylact Bache, 
(1734- 1 807), who had come to New York in 175 1 and early engaged in mer- 
cantile business there, becoming one of the prominent merchants of that city 
and the owner of many vessels. Richard Bache having come to America to join 
his brother, was for a time associated with him in business in New York City and 
later came to Philadelphia to take charge of the local branch of the large mer- 
cantile trade carried on by them as partners. He married, in 1767, Sarah Frank- 
lin, daughter of Benamin Franklin, and succeeded his distinguished father-in- 
law as Postmaster-general of the United Colonies in 1776 and served until 
1782. He was a delegate to the Provincial Convention held at Philadelphia, 
January 23, 1775, and was elected a member of the Provincial Committee of 
Safety in November, 1775. He became a member of the Board of War organ- 
ized in March, 1776, his colleagues being David Rittenhouse, Owen Biddle, Wil- 
liam Moore, Joseph Dean, Samuel Morris, Cadwalader Morris, John Bayard, 
George Gray and John Bull. He was chairman of the Republican Society, or- 
ganized in 1778, to urge the revision of the Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776, 
in which he and Captain Samuel Morris and Francis Hopkinson were the lead- 
ing spirits. He took a prominent part in the celebration of the adoption of 
the Federal Constitution held at Philadelphia, July 4, 1788, participating in the 
parade as a herald proclaiming a "new era." He died in Philadelphia in 181 1. 

Sarah (Franklin) Bache, wife of Richard Bache and daughter of the great 
philosopher, Franklin, was born in Philadelphia in 1744. She was extremely 
active during the Revolutionary War in her efforts to relieve the miseries of the 
soldiers, collecting large amounts of money and hospital supplies and organiz- 
ing a corps of assistants for distribution of food and clothing, and continued to 
carry on this humane work until the close of the war. She died in 1808. 

Dr. Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston, Massachusetts Bay colony, 
January 17, 1706, and came of a family of sturdy English yeomanry who for 
three centuries were freeholders in the village of Ecton, Northamptonshire, Eng- 
land. He states in his autobiography that he once searched the parish regis- 
ters of Ecton and found a record of the births, marriages and burials of his 
direct ancestors back to 1555, and discovered that he was the youngest son of 
the youngest son for five generations. 

Thomas Franklin, the grandfather of the great American philosopher, was 
born at Ecton, in 1598, and lived there until extreme old age. when he retired 
to the residence of his son John, at Banbury, Oxfordshire, where both of them 
died. The eldest son, Thomas Franklin, continued to live in the ancestral 
abode at Ecton until his death, devising it to his daughter, who later sold it, 
and it passed permanently out of the family after an occupancy of at least 
three hundred years. Thomas, the son, acquired a legal education and became 
a local barrister and "a considerable man in the county, chief mover of all pub- 
lic spirited enterprises for the county or town of Northampton, as well as of 
his own village, of which many instances were related ; and he was much taken 

692 DUANE 

notice of and patronized by Lord Halifax". He died January 7, 1702. Benja- 
min Franklin, another son, was a silk dyer, serving an apprenticeship in Lon- 
don. He was nearest the counterpart of the American philosopher of any of 
the four sons of Thomas Franklin, being an assiduous student, something of a 
politician, and the inventor of a system of short-hand, by which he took down 
sermons of distinguished divines, which he later reduced to writing and collect- 
ed in several volumes. He was also a collector of old pamphlets and books on 
political events, and a writer of prose and verse, leaving two quarto volumes of 
manuscript of his own poems which he brought with him to America, whither 
he followed his younger brother Josiah about 1707. He died in Boston at an ad- 
vanced age. 

Josiah Franklin, youngest son of Thomas, and the father of Dr. Benja- 
min Franklin, was born at Ecton, Northamptonshire, in 1655. He learned the 
trade of a wool-dyer with his elder brother, John Franklin, and followed that 
vocation in England and for some years in Boston after his emigration, which 
was largely prompted by his desire to exercise his religious convictions in 
peace, and free from the persecutions which were then frequently visited in 
England upon the Presbyterians. Upon the death of his first wife he married 
Abiah Folger, (b. 1667, d. 1752) daughter of Peter Folger, one of the early 
settlers of Boston, and at one time a prominent resident of the island of Nan- 
tucket, a pious and scholarly man, and a writer of prose and verse on religious 
subjects, principally in opposition to religious persecutions and in favor of full 
liberty of conscience. Josiah Franklin, not finding sufficient demand for his 
services as a wool dyer in his new abode, took up the business of tallow chand- 
ler and soap boiler, and in time acquired a substantial competence. He was a 
man of considerable education and sound judgment, pious and industrious, and 
possessed of the same sturdy common sense and practical application which 
were characteristics of his illustrious son. He died in 1744, at the age of 89 

The limits of this brief sketch will prove entirely inadequate to give more 
than a short synopsis of the illustrious career of the great American journalist, 
scientist, statesman and philosopher, and his eminent services to his country, 
at home and abroad, in times of peace and of war. in the commonest affairs of 
daily life as well as in the halls of legislation and the courts of crowned princes, 
his wonderful discoveries in the realms of science, and his influence in the es- 
tablishment of educational and charitable institutions. Some idea of his ex- 
traordinary career can perhaps be most readily conveyed by copying the chron- 
ology of a bronze tablet which is about to be erected (1910) upon the wall 
of Christ Church burying ground, at Fifth and Arch streets, adjacent to Frank- 
lin's grave. 


1706— Born at Boston, January 17. 

172,1 — Removed to Phiadelphia. 

1720 — Editor of Pennsylvania Gaactte. 

17,10— Appointed Public Printer. 

1711— Founded the Philadelphia Library. 

,736— Organized the First Philadelphia Fire Coinpany. 

iy\y — Appointed Postmaster of Philadelphia. 

1738— McmlKjr of the Provincial Assembly. 

DUANE 693 

174 1 — Established first American Magazine. 

1742 — Invented the Franklin Open Stove. 

1743 — Founded the American Philosophical Society. 

1749 — Projected University of Pennsylvania. 

175 1 — Founded the Pennsylvania Hospital. 

1752 — First to utilize electricity. 

1753 — Deputy Postmaster-General for the Colonies. 

1754 — Delegate to Congress at Albany. 

1756 — Colonel of Provincial Militia. 

1757 — Agent to Great Britain for Pennsylvania, Georgia, New Jersey and Massachusetts. 

1764 — Speaker of Pennsylvania Assembly. 

1769 — President of American Philosophical Society. 

1775 — Delegate to the Continental Congress. '. 

Chairman of the Committee of Safety. 

Proposed "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union." 

Postmaster-General of the Colonies. 
1776 — Signed the Declaration of Independence. 

President of Constitutional Convention of Pennsylvania. 

Commissioner to the Court of France. 
1778 — Negotiated Treaties of Amity and Commerce and of Alliance with France. 

Minister Plenipotentiary to France. 
1783 — Signed Treaty of Amity and Commerce with Sweden. 

Signed Treaty of Peace with Great Britain. 
1785 — Signed Treaty of Amity and Commerce with Prussia. 

President of the Provincial Council. 
1787 — Member of Constitutional Convention of United States. 
1790 — Died at Philadelphia, April 17. 

A second bronze tablet near by will contain a medallion of Franklin and the 
following quotations : 


"Venerated for Benevolence, 
Admired for Talents, Esteemed for 
Patriotism, Beloved for Philan- 


"The Sage whom two worlds 
claimed as their own." 


"He tore from the skies the 
lightning and from tyrants the 


It was the lot of Franklin to live through the great epoch-making period of 
American history. Coming to years of understanding when but little more 
than the coast line of North America was inhabited by people of diverse na- 
tionality, faith and political ambition, he lived to see a united country of free 
and enlightened people, extending from the great lakes to the gulf, and fast 
pushing their homes and enterprises westward beyond the great "Father of 
Waters" towards the Pacific. 

Benjamin Franklin was taught at home the rudiments of an English educa- 
tion, and once said that he could not remember the time when he could not 
read. His father first designed to fit him for the ministry, and with this end 
in view placed him at eight years of age in a grammar school at Boston, but 
he had spent less than a year in this institution when his father decided that he 
could not afford the cost of a college education, and placed him in a less pre- 

694 DUANE 

tentious educational institution where he received instruction in writing and 
arithmetic under the then famous George Brownwell. This lasted but one 
more year, and at ten years of age he was taken from school to assist his 
father in his business as a tallow chandler. He naturally disliked the work, 
and after about two years of this employment he was apprenticed to his elder 
brother James Franklin, who in 1717 had returned from England with a print- 
ing press and type, set himself up in business in Boston, and about 1720 began 
the publication of a newspaper known as the Neiv England Coiirant, the sec- 
ond newspaper established in America. From infancy Benjamin had been pas- 
sionately fond of reading, and his apprenticeship brought him in touch with 
apprentices of booksellers, who secured him books from their master's stalls, 
which had to be read during the night and returned in the morning, and he often 
sat up the greater part of the night reading. The friendship of Matthew Adams, 
who frequented the printing office, gave him access to a pretty fair library, 
and his small earnings were all expended in books. He even induced his 
brother to allow him a small sum in lieu of part of the food he was to get as 
part of his indenture, and, adopting a vegetable diet, he managed to save a 
few pennies each week to be expended for education and self-improvement. 
Making the acquaintance of one John Collins, who later joined him in Phila- 
delphia, they engaged in argument on various subjects, writing their disputa- 
tions and exchanging them at intervals. He also chanced upon a copy of the 
London Spectator, then the novelty of the day, and was much impressed with 
the literary style of the articles published in it, and, for the purpose of improv- 
ing his own style, made notes of the subject matter, and after he had forgotten 
the text, set himself to reform the narrative in his own language and then by 
comparing it with the original discovered and corrected his faults. He also 
devoted some time to mathematics. He was an excellent judge in the selection 
of books, early mastering Locke on "The Human Understanding," and "The 
Art of Thinking." Xenophon's "Memorable Things of Socrates." the "Pilgrim's 
Progress," and a number of "Plutarch's Lives." 

He became a clandestine contributor to his brother's journal, the Xciv Eng- 
land Courant, putting his anonymous papers in a disguised hand under the 
door of the printing office at night. They were published, and so well re- 
ceived that he later acknowledged their authorship, although his brother, being 
of a somewhat jealous disposition, disapproved of his scribbling as tending to 
make him vain, and as being of little use to him in the commoner affairs of the 
printing business. This led to further disputes between them, but the Courant 
having published something distasteful to the government, James Franklin, 
the editor, was arrested and confined in jail for a month, during which time 
Benjamin managed the office so successfully that when James was released on 
condition that he no longer publish the Xcw England Courant, he relieved hi.s 
brother and apprentice from his indenture, which was to have continued until he 
was twenty-one, and placed his name at the head of the paper as the publisher. 
The disputes however continued and Benjamin decided to leave Boston and 
go to New York. Selling his books to raise sufficient money for the trip, he 
secretly embarked for that city, which he reached in October, 1723. Offering 
his services to the veteran printer, William Bradford, who had lately removed 
from Philadelphia, he was told that the latter's son, .Xndrew Bradford, in Phila- 

DUANE 695, 

delphia, had lost his principal assistant and might want to employ some one 
in his place. This decided the young printer to make his way to Philadelphia,, 
and walking the fifty miles from Amboy to Burlington, and securing passage 
down the river in a small boat which chanced to pass, Franklin arrived in 
Philadelphia one Sunday morning m the month of October, 1723. Not finding 
the position with Andrew Bradford open, he secured employment with one 
Keimer, who had lately established a printing business, and with him he re- 
mained for a little over a year. In the meantime he had formed the acquaint- 
ance of Sir William Keith, colonial Governor of Pennsylvania, who pretended 
to take a lively interest in the young printer, urging him to set up in the print- 
ing business for himself and promising patronage and an advance of funds for 
the necessary equipment. In April, 1724, young Franklin paid a filial visit to 
his parents at Boston, and sought his father's advice and assistance in reference 
to the project. Josiah Franklin strongly advised against it by reason of his 
son's youth, he being but seventeen years of age, but promised to assist in es- 
tablishing him in busmess when he should be twenty-one. He wrote a letter 
to Governor Keith to that effect, which, when Franklin delivered it on his re- 
turn to Philadelphia, led Sir William to promise to establish Franklin himself. 
The matter was delayed for several months, and Sir William proposed that 
Franklin should go to England to purchase the necessary outfit. Arrangements 
were completed for him to sail, and Keith continued his promise of a letter of 
credit for the purchase of the outfit from time to time, finally promising that 
it would be sent on board the ship before sailing. Franklin therefore took 
passage, with barely enough money to pay for the trip, and the Governor fail- 
ing to keep his promise, landed in London, December 24, 1724, practically 
without funds. He secured employment at Palmer's, then a famous printing 
establishment in Bartholomew Close, where he remained nearly a year. While 
there he was employed in setting up Wallaston's "Religion of Nature," and, 
impressed with some of its reasonings, he himself wrote and printed a metaphy- 
sical pamphlet, entitled "A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and 
Pain." He next secured a more lucrative position in Watt's printing estab- 
lishment near Lincoln's Inn Fields, where he was employed until his return to 
Philadelphia. On the passage to England, Franklin had made the acquaintance 
of a Mr. Denham, a merchant of Philadelphia, which was continued in Lon- 
don, and ripened into a friendship which lasted through life. Mr. Denham 
having concluded his business abroad and being about to return to Philadelphia 
with a large consignment of goods with which to stock a store, induced Frank- 
lin to return with him as a clerk. They sailed from Gravesend, July 23, 1726, 
and landed at Philadelphia, October 11, and set up in business on Water street. 
Mr. Denham, however, died about five months later, and Franklin returned to 
the employment of the printer Keimer. Here he met Hugh Meredith, anoth- 
er employee, son of a Welsh farmer of Chester county, of some means, with 
whom after the lapse of about a year he set up in the printing business on 
capital furnished by the elder Meredith. Their business, small at first, began 
to thrive, and Franklin purposed starting a newspaper. His earliest efforts 
were however, forestalled by his old employer and now bitter enemy, Keimer, 
who, learning of his project himself started a paper, but having insufficient cap- 
ital or ability to maintain it, about nine months later sold it to Franklin for a 

696 DUANE 

mere trifle, and thus was launched the Pennsylvania Gazette. The contributions 
of Franklin's ready pen on events and controversies of the times made the 
paper immediately popular and procured the firm additional business in other 
lines. Securing some capital from his friends, William Coleman and Robert 
Grace, Franklin bought out his partner Hugh Meredith in 1729 and continued the 
business alone with success. He had made the acquaintance of Andrew Ham- 
ilton on his voyage to England, and through his influence secured the con- 
tract for the printing of paper money and the laws for New Castle county. He 
began the publication of "Poor Richard's Almanack," in 1732. and it "came to 
be in such demand that I reaped considerable profit from it, vending annually 
near ten thousand, " writes Franklin in his ".\utobiography." 

Franklin was chosen clerk of the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1736, and in 
1737 succeeded his old competitor Bradford as Deputy-postmaster of Philadel- 
phia, filling both of these positions for many years. In 1751 he became a rep- 
resentative in the Provincial Assembly and filled that position continuously ex- 
cept when absent on diplomatic missions, during the whole period of the col- 
onial government. In 1753 he became Deputy-postmaster-general for the 
whole British colonies. His influence in local, state and national matters had 
now become very great, but, since the growth of this power and influence had 
largely arisen from sources not connected either with business or politics, it 
may be well briefly to consider them. 

In the early part of his employment with Keimer, before his voyage to Eng- 
land, Franklin had collected about him a few literary friends who were in the 
habit of meeting together to read to one another and confer upon what they 
read, and later of composing original papers which were read, discussed and 
criticized at their meetings. Soon after his return to Philadelphia, and estab- 
lishment in business, Franklin again gathered his acquaintances of congenial 
tastes into a club for mutual improvement, which they called the "Junto." 
This club met every Friday evening and discussed morals, politics, literature 
and natural philosophy, under the direction of a ])resident and other officers, 
"in a sincere spirit of inquiry after truth, without fondness for dispute, or 
desire for victory ; and to prevent warmth, all expressions of positiveness of 
opinion, or direct contradictions, were, after some time, made contraband, and 
prohibited under small pecuniary [penalties. " In this little assembly were dis- 
cussed many of the various projects for public improvements and the advance- 
ment of science and education which have made Franklin famous. One of 
the earliest questions to come before the Junto was the utility of paper money, 
which led Franklin to publish a pamphlet entitled "The Nature and Necessity 
of Paper Currency," which was well received, and had a wide influence. 

The next project of importance emanating from the Junto was that of es- 
tablishing a subscription library. The Junto had hired a room where their 
weekly meetings were held, and Franklin proposed that the members bring 
there the few books which each possessed .so that all could have access to 
them. The advantage of this little collection induced Franklin to jiroiiose to 
make its benefits more general by commencing a public subscription library. 
He drew up a plan by which each subscriber was to pay a certain sum down 
and a small .sum annually thereafter, thus not only establishing a fund for the 
purchase of books but providing a permanent means of replenishing the stock. 

DUANE 697 

This resulted in the founding of the Philadelphia Library in 173 1. It was 
soon after incorporated and is yet in existence. The employment of permanent 
watchmen or police, paid from the city treasury was first discussed and after- 
wards accomplished through the medium of the Junto. This was followed by 
the public paving of the streets, and the formation, from the membership of the 
Junto itself, of the "Union Fire Company,"' the first volunteer fire company 
in America. The idea originated in a paper ])resented by Franklin. 

In 1743, Franklin drew up his famous "proposal" for creating an academy, 
which resulted, largely through his subsequent efforts, in the establishment of 
the "Academy and College of Philadelphia," which later became the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, of which Franklin continued to be one of the trustees 
for over forty years. In 1743 the American Philosophical Society was estab- 
lished by Franklin, and he later became its president. 

In 1747 the Pennsylvania frontier was threatened with invasion by the 
French and Indians. The refusal of the Pennsylvania Assembly, dominated by 
the Quaker element, to make any appropriation for defense, led Franklin to 
publish a pamphlet entitled "Plain Truth," in which he placed the helpless po- 
sition of the inhabitants of Pennsylvania in a strong light and urged upon his 
fellow citizens the necessity of union and discipline for defence, by the for- 
mation of an association for that purpose. The pamphlet had the desired ef- 
fect and its author was called upon to prepare a plan for the association, 
which he did, and appointed a meeting in Philadelphia, at which twelve hun- 
dred signatures were secured, and a further circulation through the State se- 
cured above ten thousand members for the association. The members then 
formed themselves into regiments and companies, supplied themselves with 
arms and elected officers who were duly commissioned by the Provincial Coun- 
cil in the fall of 1747. The Philadelphia regiment chose Franklin as their 
colonel, but deeming himself an unsuitable choice by reason of his lack of 
military training, he declined the honor and recommended a Mr. Lawrence, 
who was accordingly elected. Franklin later went with Colonel Lawrence and 
others to New York, to borrow cannon of Governor Clinton, and was taken 
into the confidence of the Governor and Provincial Council of Pennsylvania as 
their principal agent in furthering various projects for state defense. He had 
long since given his support to the "Anti-Proprietary Party" in the Assembly. 
which generally controlled a majority of that body. The Assembly persistently 
refused to exempt the property of the proprietaries from taxation for pro- 
vincial defense. In consequence there was a continual strife between the As- 
sembly and the Colonial Governors and Council, who refused approval of ap- 
propriations made by the Assembly for this purpose unless they annexed a 
provision exempting proprietary property. Franklin's activity in the matter 
of raising an army of defense in opposition to the vote of the Assembly, would, 
it was thought by his friends, endanger his position as clerk of the Assembly, 
and they advised him to resign. His reply was that he had heard or read of a 
certain public man who made it a rule never to ask for an office and never to 
refuse one when offered to him. "I approve," he said, "of this rule, and shall 
practice it with a small addition ; I shall never ask, never refuse, nor ever RE- 
SIGN an office. If they will have my office of Clerk to dispose of it to another, 
they will have to take it from me. I will not. by giving it up, lose my right 

698 DUANE 

at some time or other of making reprisal on my adversaries." He was however 
unanimously re-elected clerk at the next election. 

In the Union Fire Company, Franklin agitated and carried through a scheme 
for raising money to build a battery for the defense of the river front, by means 
of a lottery, though twenty-two of the thirty members were non-combatant 

In 1742 Franklin invented a stove thereafter known as the "Franklin Grate," 
and issued a pamphlet explaining its use, but declined to take out a patent for 
his invention, alleging, "that, as we enjoy great advantages from the inventions 
of others, we should be glad of an opportunity to serve others by inventions of 
ours ; and this we should do freely and generously." 

When a little over forty years of age, Franklin retired from business, keep- 
ing however an interest in his printing establishment, but leaving the manage- 
ment entirely to his partner, David Hall. At a later period Franklin's private 
fortune was estimated to be, next to that of Washington, the largest in the 
American colonies, and some of his valuable real estate on Market Street is 
still in the possession of his descendants. 

Franklin's retirement from business did not, however, give him the leisure 
he expected, as he was soon made a member of the city council, an alderman, 
and justice of the peace. He was also elected a member of the Assembly. In 
1752 he was named with Isaac Norris, speaker of the House, as a commission- 
er to treat with the Indians at Carlisle, and they successfully negotiated a treaty. 

The project of establishing a hospital in Philadelphia was originally brought 
forward by Dr. Thomas Bond, but, on agitating the question, he was every- 
where asked, "Has Franklin been consulted, and what does he think of it?" 
thus illustrating the hold Franklin's public spirit and work had upon the com- 
munity. Franklin agitated the question in the newspapers, and the subscrip- 
tions soon becoming sufficient to accomplish the project, he presented in and 
carried through the Assembly a bill establishing and incorporating the Penn- 
sylvania Hospital. 

Franklin's first experiments in electricity had begun in 1746 with a glass tube 
and other apparatus acquired from a Dr. Spence. who came from England to 
Philadelphia to lecture upon the subject. In 1752 Franklin wrote a paper on the 
identity of lightning and electricity, which was read before the Royal Society 
of London and published in the Gentlemen's Magazine, in an extra number or 
pamphlet, which ultimately reached five editions. One of these pamphlets hap- 
pened to fall into the hands of Count de Buffon, a French philosopher of con- 
siderable reputation, was translated into French, and created widespread inter- 
est. This pamphlet was afterwards printed in Italian, German, and Latin, and 
the theory of electricity which it propounded was generally adopted by the 
philosophers of Europe in preference to that of the Abbe Nollet, the preceptor 
in natural philosophy of the French royal family, who disputed the correctness 
of Franklin's conclusions. Dr. Franklin was elected a member of the Royal 
Society of Great Britain and a summary of his experiments was printed in their 
journal. The society also awarded to him the Sir Godfrey Copley medal in 
1753, its delivery being accompanied by a most complimentary speech by its pres- 
ident, Lord Macclesfield. 

In 1754, when another war with France was impending, Franklin, who had 

DUANE 699 

now become the most important man in the colony of Pennsylvania, was named 
as a commissioner to meet with representatives of the other American colonies 
at Albany, for the purpose of conferring with the chiefs of the Six Nations, in 
reference to the common defense. His Pennsylvania colleagues were Isaac Nor- 
ris, John Penn, and Richard Peters. On the journey to Albany, Dr. Franklin 
proposed to them and drew up a plan for the union of all the colonies under one 
government, for certain general purposes, including the common defense. The 
general government was to be administered by a President-general, appointed 
and supported by the Crown ; and a Grand Council was to be chosen by the as- 
semblies of the several colonies. This plan, after some debate, was unanimously 
adopted by the Congress of Commissioners from the several colonies, and cer- 
tified to the Board of Trade and to the several assemblies, but was rejected. It 
was Franklin's belief that, if united, the colonies could defend themselves with- 
out troops from England, and therefore all necessity or excuse for taxation for 
this purpose by the home government would be obviated, and that the growing 
contention upon this subject, which eventually led to the war for independence, 
would be nipped in the bud. The Governor and Council again refusing assent 
to the Assembly's appropriation to carry on the war, unless the proprietary es- 
tates were exempted from their share of the burden, Franklin once more came 
to the rescue by drafting a bill to raise money on Loan Office certificates bear- 
ing interest, which was passed and the certificates readily sold. 

When General Braddock was sent with his two regiments of English troops 
to the defense of the frontier, the Assembly sent Franklin to meet him at Fred- 
ericktown, Maryland, and to settle with him the mode of conducting the cam- 
paign in Pennsylvania. Franklin arranged to procure wagons for transportation 
and a small package of supplies for each commissioned officer. After the de- 
feat of Braddock and the consequent threatening of the whole of Pennsylvania 
by the Indians and their French allies, Franklin was sent to take charge of the 
northwest frontier, and proceeded with the Provincial troops to Bethlehem and 
Allentown, where he superintended the erection of forts and the organization of 
the militia, and was elected their colonel. 

In 1757 Franklin was sent to England as the agent of the Province of Penn- 
sylvania, to secure from the King and Ministry an adjustment of the diflferences 
between the Assembly and the Proprietaries in reference to taxation of the 
latters' estates. He remained there five years, accomplishing the object of his 
mission in June, 1760. He also acted later as the agent of the provinces of 
Massachusetts. New Jersey and Georgia. His advice and representations carried 
great weight with the British ministry, and it was due to his insistence that the 
successful expedition against Canada was fitted out and French dominion in 
North America broken. His famous "Canada Pamphlet" was one of the 
strongest he ever issued on any public question, and did much toward deciding 
the ministry to retain possession of Canada after that country had been ac- 
quired from the French. During the summer of 1761 Franklin visited the 
principal cities of the continent of Europe, and left England for home in Au- 
gust, 1762, having received, during his sojourn abroad, the degree of Doctor of 
Laws from the universities of Oxford and Edinburgh. 

Franklin spent the next two years in America, serving a portion of the time 
as a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly of which, in 1764, he was elected 

700 DUANE 

speaker. He again sailed for England, November 7, 1764, as the agent of Penn- 
sylvania, and used his most strenuous endeavors to prevent the passage and 
enforcement of the Stamp Act. His famous examination at the bar of the 
House, when he did himself great honour, was largely instrumental in securing 
the repeal of the act. However, the various other means devised for the taxa- 
tion of the colonies kept Franklin in England until March 21, 1775, when, real- 
izing that all hope of compromising the disagreements between the colonies and 
the mother country was at an end, he sailed for home, and threw himself va- 
liantly into the struggle to accomplish by force what he had failed to accom- 
plish by diplomacy. He resumed once more his seat in the Pennsylvania As- 
sembly and became a delegate to the Continental Congress, where he proposed 
the "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union," and advocated and signed 
the Declaration of Independence. He was elected chairman of the Committee 
of Safety, was made Postmaster-general of the united colonies, and also chair- 
man of the convention to frame a constitution for the state of Pennsylvania. 

In 1776 Franklin was selected, jointly with Arthur Lee and John Adams, as 
Commissioner to France to solicit the support of that country in aid of the 
Revolution. He sailed for France, October 2-/. and arrived at Paris, December 
7, 1776. He was received and treated during his nine years stay there with the 
highest distinction, being held in greater reverence by the French people than 
any other foreigner of his time. To him personally should be ascribed the suc- 
cessful negotiation of the Treaty of Alliance signed at Paris, February 6, 1778, 
the terms of which were of immense importance to the United States. In Feb- 
ruary, 1779, he was made sole plenipotentiary of the United States at the court 
of France, and it was through his influence that vast sums were advanced by 
that country, without which the war for national independence could not have 
been prosecuted to a successful issue. His unique diplomacy secured for his 
country these indispensible favors and yet retained for it the respect and con- 
fidence of the givers. Toward the close of the year 1781, Franklin was named 
one of the commissioners to negotiate peace with great Britain, and, November 
.30, 1782, signed the preliminary treaty at Paris, and the definitive and final 
treaty, September 3, 1783. He then made application to Congress to be re- 
lieved, but it was not until March 7, 1785, that Congress adopted the resolution 
which permitted "The Honourable Benjamin Franklin to return to America as 
soon as convenient." Thomas Jefferson was appointed to succeed him. Prior 
to Franklin's departure from France, he negotiated, in 1783, the "Treaty of 
Amity and Commerce with Sweden," and in 1785 a similar treaty with Prussia, 
which has often been commended by writers on international law as embodying 
principles far ahead of his time. 

September 13, 1785, Franklin reached Philadelphia. His countrymen were 
not disposed, however, to allow themselves to be deprived of his valuable ser- 
vices, and he was elected president of the Supreme Executive Council and chief- 
executive of the State of Pennsylvania, and was re-elected unanimously for sev- 
eral successive terms. In 1786 he wrote to a friend, "I have not firmness enough 
to resist the unanimous desire of my country folks, and I find myself harnessed 
again to their service for another year. They engrossed the prime of my life, 
they have eaten my flesh, and seem resolved to pick my bones." He was also a 
member of the convention which in 1787 framed the Federal Constitution, and 

DUANE 701 

to his influence, in conjunction with that of Washington and Hamilton, should 
be largely ascribed its final adoption by the several states. He died at his res- 
idence in Philadelphia, April 17, 1790. The last two years of his life, although 
a period of great physical suffering, were actively employed with his pen. 
During this period he helped to organize and was the first president of the 
earliest society formed in America for the abolition of slavery, and wrote and 
signed a remonstrance against this iniquity which was presented to the United 
States Congress. 

Franklin married, September i, 1730, Sarah Read, of Philadelphia, and it 
proved to be a congenial and happy union. A son born to them died in child- 
hood, and the only surviving child was Sarah who, as already stated, became 
the wife of Richard Bache in 1767. 

Richard and Sarah Bache had eight children. Their eldest son, Benjamin 
Franklin Bache, born in 1768, went to Paris with his grandfather in 1775, and 
there learned type-founding and printing, in addition to scholarly accomplish- 
ments, his grandfather sending him to school at Geneva and superintending his 
education elsewhere. He returned to Philadelphia and published first the 
General Advertiser, and afterwards the Aurora, opposing the administration of 
Washington and Adams. His son Dr. Franklin Bache, born in Philadelphia, 
1792, graduated from the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania 
in 1814, and was appointed a surgeon in the army, beginning the practice of his 
profession in Philadelphia in 1816. He was president of the American Philoso- 
phical Society, 1854-55 ; professor of chemistry in the Franklin Institute, 1826- 
31 ; in the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, 1831 ; and in the Jefferson Medi- 
cal College after 1841. He published a number of technical works, and died in 

.'\nother son Hartman Bache, a West Point graduate, was a noted military 
engineer, building the Delaware Breakwater and other important public im- 
provements and was breveted brigadier-general for meritorious service during 
the Civil War. 

Alexander Dallas Bache, another great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, was 
a noted mathematician and scientist. He also was a graduate of West Point, 
but in 1827 was appointed professor of mathematics at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and in 1836 president of Girard College, and in 1841 the first principal 
of the Philadelphia High School, which he organized. He was appointed sup- 
erintendent of the United States Coast Survey in 1843. and beside his valuable 
reports, published a number of scientific works and contributed many important 
papers to the American Association for the Advancement of Science. 

.\nother of the eight children of Richard and Sarah Bache was Deborah, 
who, December 31, 1805, married William J. Duane. They also had eight chil- 
dren, of whom one was Dr. Richard Bache Duane, who prior to his death in 
1875 was one of the most widely-known clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, and left a large family, several of whom have since resided in New 
York, and occupied a position of prominence in that city. His eldest son 
James May Duane, is at present one of the partners of the well-known banking 
house of Brown Brothers and Company. 

Another child of William J. and Deborah Duane was Elizabeth, (b. 1821, d. 
1901) who married Major Gillespie, of the United States army, and who was 

702 DUANE 

thereafter known as Elizabeth Duane Gillespie. She occupied a prominent po- 
sition in the public and social world of Philadelphia for over forty years. Dur- 
ing the year 1864 she was prominent in the organization of the Sanitary Fair 
in the interest of the army ; and in 1876 became president of the woman's 
branch of the Centennial Exposition. Through her influence in the musical 
world she brought about the institution of the Thomas Concerts at the Acade- 
my of Music, which were largely instrumental in first cultivating in the city of 
Philadelphia that taste for classical music which in more recent years have 
made Philadelphia a great musical centre. Late in life she published an auto- 
biographical work entitled "A Book of Remembrance," which contained in a 
most interesting form her recollections of a long life of public activity and close 
association with men and women of prominence both at home and abroad. 

William Duane, the eldest child of William J. and Deborah Duane, was 
born February 7, 1808, died November 4. 1882. He studied law under Charles 
Chauncey, and was admitted to the Philadelphia bar in 1833, at which he prac- 
ticed continuously until his death. He was a man of retiring disposition and of 
pronounced literary tastes, and in consequence rarely went into court, but con- 
fined his activities largely to the care of trust estates and to the publication of 
books and pamphlets on legal and literary subjects. One of these was a well- 
known work on the "Road Law of Pennsylvania." Another was entitled "Lijan, 
a collection of Tales and Essays." Shortly before the Civil War he represented 
his ward, the Seventh, in the common councils of the city of Philadelphia. 

William Duane married November 6, 1833, Louisa Brooks, daughter of Sam- 
uel Brooks, one of the leading Philadelphia merchants of his time, and the grand- 
daughters of John Inskeep, who became mayor of Philadelphia in 1805. 

Virginia, only daughter of William and Louisa Duane, was born September 
9, 1834, and died unmarried, September 27, 1855. 

Charles Williams Duane, only son of William and Louisa Duane, was born 
December 20, 1837, and is still living. He graduated from the University of 
Pennsylvania with the degree of A. B. in 1858, and studied theology at the 
Episcopal Seminary at Alexandria, Virginia, for the ensuing three years, after 
which he was ordained a minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church. He was 
for five years rector of Zion Church, Philadelphia; for fourteen years rector 
of Trinity parish, Swedesborough, New Jersey, one of the oldest in that State ; for 
eight years rector of St. Andrew's Church, West Philadelphia ; and for seven- 
teen years rector of Christ Church, Boston, often called the Old North Qiurch, 
upon the steeple of which the lights were placed which prompted the historic 
ride of Paul Revere in the American Revolution. 

During his incumbency of the pulpit of Christ Church, Boston, which lasted 
from 1893 till 1910, Mr. Duane was one of the trustees of the Franklin fund 
bequeathed by Dr. Benjamin Franklin to the citizens of Boston, to be used, to- 
gether with the accumulations of one hundred years, in the establishment of a 
great public charity. In accordance with the terms of Dr. Franklin's will, an 
institution known as "The Franklin Union," for the education of the working 
classes, has been erected and endowed with this fund, and is now actively con- 
ducting that useful work. 

Charles Williams Duane married (first) June i, 1864. Helen Frances Lincoln, 
who died in 1867, and (second) September i, 1870, Emma Cushman Lincoln. 

DUANE 703 

both of them daughters of Ezekiel Lincoln, a leading Philadelphia merchant of 
the earlier half of the last century, and also descendants of Samuel Lincoln, one 
of the earliest settlers of the Massachusetts Bay colony, and of Dr. Andrew 
Eliot, of Boston, the leading clergyman of the revolutionary period in that city. 

Virginia Duane, daughter of Charles Williams and Helen Frances Duane, 
was born April 25, 1865, and died May 21, 1865. 

Russell Duane, son of Charles Williams and Helen Frances Duane, was 
born in the rectory of Trinity church, Swedesborough, New Jersey, June 15, 
1866. He graduated from Harvard University with the degree of A. B. in 
1888, and studied law at the Harvard Law School, the Law School of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, and the Law School of the University of Pennsylvania, 
from which he received the degree of LL.B. in 1891, and was then admitted to 
the Philadelphia bar, at which he has since practiced continuously. At his class 
commencement in the law school, Mr. Duane was appointed by the faculty to 
deliver the law oration, and having selected as his subject "The Case of the 
Sayward," he presented a new and original argument in behalf of the claims 
of the United States in the Behring Sea controversy with Great Britain. In 
the spring of 1892 a copy of the American Law Register and Reviezu in which 
Mr. Duane's address was afterwards published, happened to come into the pos- 
session of James G. Blaine, then Secretary of State, and this led to the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Duane as one of the junior counsel for the government in the 
Behring Sea Arbitration proceedings. In pursuance of this appointment, Mr. 
Duane prepared a portion of those sections of the case of the United States 
which related to the two questions of measure of damages and of maritime 

Mr. Duane is now senior member of the law firm of Duane, Morris & Heck- 
scher, and since his admission to the bar has devoted himself to the general 
practice of the law. Mr. Duane is a member of the auxiliary law faculty of the 
University of Pennsylvania, and has on several occasions delivered courses of 
lectures at the Law school on court procedure and the conduct of jury trials. 
He has also published several magazine articles on legal questions, and delivered 
public addresses on subjects relating to politics, education and international law. 

Mr. Duane has also taken an active part in politics. In 1895 he was an un- 
successful candidate for election to city councils from the seventh ward. In 
the presidential campaign of 1896 he made numerous speeches against free sil- 
ver in three states, and has frequently spoken on the stump in other campaigns. 
He was one of the original members of the Committee of Seventy, organized in 
1904 for the purpose of bringing about reforms in the government of the city 
of Philadelphia, and is now a member of the executive committee of that or- 
ganization. In 1906 he acted as city chairman of the Lincoln party in the gub- 
ernatorial campaign of that year. 

Mr. Duane is a director and general counsel of the Philadelphia Life Insur- 
ance Company, vice-president and director of the Broad Street Realty Com- 
pany, a manager of the Society of the War of 1812, and a member of the 
board of trustees of the Evening Home and Library Association. He is also 
a member of the American Philosophical Society, the Philadelphia Club, the 
University Club, the Penn Club, the Junior Legal Club, the Harvard Club of 

704 DUANE 

Philadelphia, the Phi Beta Kappa Society, the American Bar Association, the 
Pennsylvania State Bar Association, the Phi Kappa Sigma fraternity, the So- 
ciety of the Sons of the Revolution, the Society of the War of 1812, and the Con- 
temporary Club. 

Russell Duane married, at Philadelphia, June 14, 1899, Mary Burnside Mor- 
ris, a descendant of Anthony Morris, the second mayor of Philadelphia, and 
of Captain Samuel Morris, the bodyguard of Washington and earliest com- 
mander of the First City Troop, Philadelphia Cavalry, and of Justice Burnside, 
of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. They have three children: — Morris 
Duane, born March 20, 1901 ; Sarah Franklin Duane, born July 4, 1904; Frank- 
lin Duane, born October 24, 1905, died March 5, 1910. 

Charles Williams and Emma Cushman Duane have two surviving children, 
viz.: William Duane, born February 17, 1872, and Louisa Duane, born Janu- 
ary 9, 1879. A third, Helen F"rances Duane, born January 26, 1874, died on 
January 26, 1879. 

Louisa Duane graduated from Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Massachuseii=., 
with the degree of A. B., in 1902. 

William Duane, born in Philadelphia, February 17, 1872, graduated from 
the University of Pennsylvania with the degree of A. B. in 1892; from Har- 
vard University with the degree of A. B. in 1893; and from the University of 
Berlin with the degree of Ph. D. in 1897. During the succeeding winter he 
taught classes in physics at Harvard LTniversity, and from 1898 until 1907 filled 
the chair of physics in the faculty of the University of Colorado. In 1907 he 
was elected, as the first incumbent, to fill a chair of original research in physics 
founded by Andrew Carnegie and connected with the University of Paris, which 
he still holds. Dr. William Duane has made several original discoveries con- 
nected with the by-products of radium and the transmission of vision by elec- 
tricity. He has published numerous magazine articles on scientific subjects, and 
has delivered many public lectures among others one at the Brussels Exposition 
in September, 1910. William Duane married, at Philadelphia, December 28, 
1899, Caroline Elise Ravenel. They have three children: — William Duane, bom 
October 18, 1900; Arthur Ravenel Duane, born November 17, 1901 ; and Charles 
Prioleau Duane, born July 28, 1909. 


Mrs. Robert Bruce Ricketts, nee Elizabeth Reynolds of Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, is descended from the following Revolutionary soldiers: William 
Reynolds; his son David Reynolds; Lieutenant Abraham Smith; Captain Jos- 
seph Fuller ; his son Joshua Fuller ; and William Holberton. 

William Reynolds was born m Gloucestershire, England, in 1596, and in 

1615, married Ruth . Of his ancestors little is known. It is stated that 

he came, by way of Bermuda, to the state of Massachusetts, where he was a 
member of the church of Salem. In 1637 he bought for two shillings sixpence, 
certain lands at Providence, Rhode Island, and is said to have engaged in busi- 
ness with Roger Williams. He was the second of the thirteen signers to the 
compact, which is as follows : "We, whose names are hereunder desire to inhab- 
it the town of Rhode Island and do promise to subject ourselves in active and 
passive obedience to all such orders or agreements as shall be made for the pub- 
lic good of the body, in an orderly way, by the major assent of the present in- 
habitants, masters of families, incorporated together into town fellowship, and 
such others whom they admit unto them". Arnold, in his "History of Rhode Isl- 
and," states that these signers were the second comers. It is worthy of more 
than passing note that this declaration meant what it said ; religious liberty in 
Rhode Island was apparently of first importance after an orderly government 
had been established. When the fundamental law of this nation was later es- 
tablished, the influence of Rhode Island was potent in securing a constitutional 
declaration which guaranteed to the freeman of all times in this land, the right 
to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience. July 27, 1640, 
William Reynolds and thirty-eight others signed an agreement for a firm govern- 
ment. This was a more elaborate document than the first, but it preserved all 
the details of the first compact. November 17, 1641, Reynolds and twelve oth- 
ers complained in a letter to Massachusetts, of the "insolent and riotous carriage 
of Samuel Gorton and his company," and as petitioners desired Massachusetts to 
"lend us a neighborlike helping hand, etc." Again, January 27, 1644, he and 
others of Providence testified as to the outrage on Warwick settlers by Massa- 
chusetts. January 27, 1645, William Reynolds sold Robert Williams all his 
houses and homeshare and three small pieces of meadow ; on the same date he 
sold to William Field a share of six acres on Fox's Hill ; and April 2y. 1646, 
he sold to Thomas Lawton his valley containing eighty acres, and three acres 
of meadow, "provided that in any case hereafter the town shall be put to any 
charge about Indians, that he or they that doth possess the land shall pay their 
share". After the sale of his land at Providence, Rhode Island, it is supposed he 
settled at Kingston, Rhode Island, where he passed away. 

James Reynolds, thought to have been a son of William, above mentioned, 
was born May 13, 1625 (said by some genealogists to have been born in England 

in 1617) ; married in 1646, Deborah , who was born in 1620; and died 

in 1700-02, his will being probated in 1702. He settled at North Kingston. 


Rhode Island, coming from Plymouth Colony about 1645. It is probable that 
he first settled north of Smith's Trading House and near what is now Stony- 
lane road. It would appear that he with others were accommodated with lands 
in the northern part of Kingston, adjoining the East Greenwich line and also 
the French settlement. May 13, 1665, he and others petitioned the assembly 
tor accommodation of land in King's Province. He took the oath of allegiance. 
May 24, 167 1, and was made a constable the same year. In 1677, ten thousand 
acres in the vicinity were assigned to be divided among one hundred men ; James 
Reynolds and his son, who was then of age, drew shares of this land and in 
1687, according to the order of Governor Andross, they were both living in this 
remote settlement and were assigned a portion of hay cut on the French 

May 2, 1677, James Reynolds and others petitioned the assembly for instruc- 
tions, assistance and advice as to the oppressions they suffered, from the 
colony of Connecticut. A controversy had been waged for some years prior to 
1677 between Rhode Island and Connecticut upon the location of a boundary 
line, which resulted in much ill feeling. Although threatened by the Indians, 
the common danger did not deter the opposing parties from waging a bitter 
war and, May 24, 1677, James Reynolds, Thomas Gould, and Henry Tibbits 
were seized by Captain Dennison and carried off prisoners to Hartford. They 
sought the protection of the authorities of Rhode Island, with the result that a 
demand was made for their release, Rhode Island threatening reprises if the re- 
quest were refused. The first business of the assembly was an effort to secure 
the release of the prisoners. Gould compounded with Connecticut and petitioned 
for leave to replant in Narragansett, acknowledging the authority of Connecticut. 
The authorities of Rhode Island responded and advised "that you might receive 
all suitable encouragement that as you continue true to your engagement to this 
Colony and upon that account are kept prisoners, we shall equally bear your 
charges of imprisonment, and with all expedition address ourselves to His Maj- 
esty for relief." The bitter quarrel continuing, May 24, 1677, James Reynolds 
with forty-one other inhabitants of Naragansett petitioned the King that he 
would "put an end to their differences about the government thereof, which hath 
been so fatal to the prosperity of the place: animosities still arising in people's 
minds as they stand aft'ected to this or that government". Under the provisions 
of his will, dated October 15, 1692, James Reynolds bequeathed certain of his 
slaves to his children, but before his death made the request that the slaves be 
given their freedom when they attained the age of thirty years. The James 
Reynolds homestead has descended for five generations and is still in the family. 
The large burial ground on the homestead at .Sand Hill Farm has been purchased 
in fee, incorporated, and is now in charge of a board of trustees, Thomas A. 
Reynolds, of East Greenwich, Rhode Island, having borne the whole expense, and 
in addition states his intention of endowing it, that it may be preserved for all 
time. James and Deborah Reynolds had ten children : John ; James, Jr. ; Joseph ; 
Henry ; Deborah, who married John Sweet ; Francis ; Mercy, who married 
Thomas Nichols; Robert; Benjamin; and Elizabeth. 

James Reynolds (2), son of James (i) and Deborah Reynolds, born at 
Kingston, Rhode Island, October 28, 1650, participated with his father in the 
allotment of land at East Greenwich in 1677, and in 1679, was one of the peti- 


tioners to the King to put an end to the controversy between the provinces of 
Rhode Island and Connecticut, over the boundary hne and jurisdiction, of the 
two provinces, mentioned in the sketch of his father. In April, 1684, his father 
conveyed to him one hundred acres additional at East Greenwich, Rhode Island, 
and he took a hardly less prominent part in public affairs than his father. He 
died at Kingston, Rhode Island. 

James Reynolds (2) married, February 19, 1685. Mary Greene, born Sep- 
tember 8, 1660, daughter of James Greene, of Warwick, Rhode Island, and his 
wife Deliverance Potter, daughter of Robert Potter, who was a resident of 
\jynn, Massachusetts, in 1630, where he was made a freeman in 163 1 ; later of 
Roxbury, Massachusetts ; a resident of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 1638, sign- 
ing the Rhode Island Compact, before referred to, in 1639 ; and later a resident 
of Warwick, Rhode Island, where he was assistant magistrate in 1648, and was 
a deputy to the colonial Assembly, 1645, 1650, 1652 and 1655, the assembly con- 
vening at his house in 1652. The paternal grandparents of Mary (Greene) 
Reynolds, were John and Joan (Tattersall) Greene, of Warwick, Rhode Island. 

James and Mary (Greene) Reynolds, had two sons, James, born February 
20, 1686, and William, of whom presently, and one daughter, Elizabeth. 

WiLLi.\M Reynolds, second son of James and Mary (Greene) Reynolds, born 
about 1698, at Kingston, Rhode Island, settled at West Greenwich, Rhode Isl- 
and, on his marriage and lived there until 1751, when, having purchased land at 
Coventry, Rhode Island, he removed with his family to that town. At about 
the time of his removal to Coventry, he participated with a number of other 
Rhode Islanders in the purchase of lands in eastern New York. He also partic- 
ipated in the organization of Susquehannah Company, in Connecticut, which 
company in 1754, purchased lands on the Susquehanna river in Pennsylvania, of 
the Six Nations, and in 1762 began the settlement of the Wyoming Valley, which 
led to the bitterly waged contest between the Pennsylvania and Connecticut au- 
thorites, and their respective settlers in that region, that more than once resulted 
in bloodshed. 

William Reynolds sold his Coventry lands in 1759, and removed to his pur- 
chases in Dutchess county, New York, with a number of other New Englanders 
from Rhode Island and Connecticut, and ten years later, with his sons, Benja- 
min and David, removed to the Wyoming Valley. Benjamin Reynolds, seems to 
have been the first of the family to locate in Pennsylvania, being one of the one 
hundred and sixty-nine signers, at Wilkes-Barre, August 29, 1769, of the peti- 
tion to the Connecticut Assembly to erect and establish a county in the Wyom- 
ing region ; he does not seem to have remained in the valley however, though his 
father, who joined him at Wilkes-Barre in September, 1769, and his elder 
brother David, became permanent settlers there. The youngest son William also 
came to Wyoming and was killed at the massacre of July 3, 1778. 

William Reynolds, the father, was one of the twenty-six inhabitants of New 
York, who, September 12, 1769, singed at Wilkes-Barre, petition to the Con- 
necticut Assembly for the grant of a township six miles square "lying westward 
of the Susquehannah Lands," and when the Connecticut settlers were distrib- 
uted among the five townships in 1771. he was assigned to Plymouth township, 
and in 1772, when the lands of Plymouth were allotted to the settlers there, he 
drew his share and at about that time established his home within the bounds 


of the present borough of Plymouth. He later acquired other lands in the same 
township, owning at the time of his death considerable real estate which eventu- 
ally became very valuable. In 1777, though nearly eighty years of age, William 
Reynolds enrolled himself as a member of the "Alarm List" attached to the 
Third or Plymouth company. Captain Asaph Whittlesey, of tlie Twenty-fourth 
regiment, Connecticut militia, all the members of the regiment being inhabitants 
of the Connecticut settlement at Wyoming, in what they named Westmoreland 
county. William Reynolds and his youngest son William were both in the bat- 
tle of Wyoming, July 3, 1778, and the latter was killed in that bloody conflict, 
while his aged father, with a friend and fellow soldier escaped and fled over the 
mountains to Bethlehem, and from thence to Easton, and from there to Fort 
Penn, now Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, where they joined a detachment of their 
regiment, July 26, 1778, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Zebulon 
Butler, with which they marched to Wilkes-Barre, where they arrived Au- 
gust 4, and remained until October, scouting in connection with a small detach- 
ment of Continental soldiers, gathering the crops throughout the Wyoming Val- 
ley that had escaped destruction by the savages, and in erecting Fort Wyoming 
on the river bank, in Wilkes-Barre, below Northampton Street. 

William Reynolds remained in Wilkes-Barre until January, 1780, and then 
retired with his family from the valley, presumably to his old home in eastern 
New York, and did not return to his home in Plymouth until about 1785. With 
the return of peace the struggle for supremacy and jurisdiction in the Wyom- 
ing Valley was resumed between Pennsylvania and Connecticut, known as the 
second "Pennamite Yankee War", the Susquehannah Company in a meeting, held 
at Hartford, Connecticut, early in 1785, declaring, "Our right to these lands in 
possession is founded in Law and Justice — is clear and unquestionable — and we 
cannot and will not give them up", adopted plans to induce other settlers to locate 
on their lands and urging those that had been driven out during the Revolution 
to return and maintain their rights. Then it was that William Reynolds and 
his son David and their families returned to their lands in Plymouth township, 
where William Reynolds died late in 1791, his will being probated January 6, 
1792, and his property divided among his surviving children. 

William Reynolds had married, September 18, 1729, in Rhode Island, Deborah 
Greene, born about 1700, daughter of Benjamin and Humility (Coggswell) 
Greene, of East Greenwich, and granddaughter of John Greene. 

Benjamin Greene was a deputy to the General Assembly in 1698, 1700, 1701, 
and 1703; Surveyor of Highways, 1701 ; member of Town Council of East 
Greenwich, 1701, 1703, and 1704, and rate maker 1702. He died January 7, 
1719. His wife Humility Coggswell, was a daughter of Joshua and Joan 
(West) Coggswell, and granddaughter of John and Mary Coggswell, who with 
their children John, Joshua, and Ann, came to New England in 1632, in the 
ship "Lion", and settled in Boston, where John Coggswell Sr., was made a free- 
man in 1634, and in the same year was sent as a deputy to the General Assem- 
bly and again in 1637. He was a member of the First Church of Bo.ston, 1634, 
and later a Deacon. He removed to Rhode Island and in 1638 was one of the 
signers, at Portsmouth, for a plantation and a separate church, and was one of 
the signers of the compact at Newport in 1639. He was an assistant of the 


Rhode Island Colony, 1641-1644; Moderator, 1644, and President of the Colony 
in 1647. 

Joshua Coggswell, the father of Humility, and the son of John above mentioned 
was in Portsmouth in 1654, was a deputy to the General Assembly, 1654-1668, 
and 1670-1672; assistant, 1669-1676; commissioner to treat with the Indians to 
prevent drunkenness among them. May 7, 1673. He became a Quaker and was 
persecuted for his faith in 1680. 

Deborah (Greene) Reynolds died many years before her husband. They 
had seven children: Sarah, married Benjamin Jones in 1751 ; Caleb, of Connec- 
ticut; David, of whom presently; Griffin, born June 11, 1737; Benjamin, before 
referred to, born October 25, 1740; James, born 1748; William, before men- 
tioned, born 1754, killed at the Wyoming massacre of July 3, 1778. 

David Reynolds, the third child of William and Deborah (Greene) Reynolds, 
was born in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, June 17, 1734. As previously stated, 
he came with his father to the Wyoming Valley in the early autumn of 1769. 
In November of that year, he was present at the surrender of Fort Durkee to 
the Pennamites by the Yankees, being one of the witnesses who signd the "Ar- 
ticles of Capitulation." He was then expelled from the valley with the other 
Yankee settlers and made his way to either New York or New England where 
he remained until about 1773, when he repaired to Plymouth and again took up 
his residence with his father in the Wyoming Valley. His name appears in the 
Plymouth tax lists for 1777 and 1778. 

Although David Reynolds was in the valley at the time of the battle of Wyom- 
ing and took a prominent part in defending the settlement against the enemy, the 
records and data now in existence are so meagre and incomplete that it is impos- 
sible to state just what service he performed. However, a report made to the 
General Assembly of Connecticut in October, 1781, shows that he sustained, at the 
hands of the enemy during their brief occupancy of the valley, a loss of property 
valued at ninety- four pounds, two shillings. He escaped from the valley after 
the surrender of Forty Fort, but returned thither late in the autumn of 1778. 

David Reynolds married (second) in 1779, Mrs. Hannah (Andrus) Gaylord 
who was born in Connecticut in 1746, and was the widow of Charles Gaylord, 
formerly of Plymouth, who died in July, 1777, while serving in the Continental 
army. In the latter part of January, 1780, David Reynolds and his wife accom- 
panied William Reynolds and numerous others in their departure from Wyom- 
ing, for reasons above stated. During their long and toilsome journey, made 
through an almost deserted country shortly after the passing of one of the sever- 
est snowstorms that had been experienced in the course of many years in Penn- 
sylvania, their son Benjamin was born to David and Hannah (Andrus) Rey- 
nolds. As previously stated, David Reynolds and his family returned to Plymouth 
about 1785. He died here July 8, 1816; and his wife, October 7, 1823. 

By his first wife, David Reynolds had two children: Joseph, who died with- 
out issue; and Mary who became the wife of Levi Bronson. The only child of 
David and Hannah (Andrus) Reynolds was Benjamin Reynolds. 

Benjamin Reynolds, the only child of David and Hannah (Andrus) Rey- 
nolds, was born February 4, 1780. He was brought to Plymouth by his par- 
ents about 1785, and there spent the subsequent years of his life. About 181 1, 
he formed a partnership with Joseph Wright and Joel Rogers, of Plymouth, 


for carrying on a general mercantile business there under the firm name of 
Wright, Rogers and Company. This partnership was dissolved by mutual 
consent May 6, 1814. Shortly afterward Joel Rogers, of the late firm, and 
Henderson Gaylord, only son of Dr. Charles E. Gaylord, Benjamin Reynolds' 
half-brother, formed a partnership and carried on the mercantile business for 
about two years. Then Benjamin Reynolds, Henderson Gaylord, and Abra- 
ham Fuller, (Mr. Reynolds' brother-in-law) formed a partnership and carried 
on business under the firm name of Reynolds, Gaylord, and Company, until 
the death of Mr. Fuller, December 21, 1818. In January 1832, owing to the 
death of the sheriff of Luzerne county, the governor of the commonwealth ap- 
pointed Benjamin Reynolds to fill the vacancy in the office until the qualification 
of his successor, to be chosen at the next election. Mr. Reynolds performed the 
duties of sheriff very acceptably and retired from the office, January 7, 1833. In 
October 1832, there were five candidates for election for the office of sheriff, 
and according to the returns, Benjamin Reynolds stood fourth in the list, having 
received eight hundred and forty-six votes. James Nesbitt of Plymouth, the 
successful candidate, received one thousand five hundred and seventy-two votes 
and was therefore commissioned sheriff. This result of the election was proba- 
bly due to the fact that James Nesbitt was the candidate of the anti-Masonic 
political party which was almost at the zenith of its power in Luzerne county, 
at it was also in other parts of this country in 1832, while Benjamin Reynolds, 
on the contrary was a Free Mason, having been initiated into Lodge No. 61, F. 
and A. ]\I., at Wilkes-Barre, January 4, 1819. The latter's step-brother and 
one of his brothers-in-law had previously become members of that lodge and 
later another of his brothers-in-law, two of his sons, and one of his grandsons 
united with the same lodge. By appointment of the governor, Mr. Reynolds 
held the office of justice of the peace in and for the township of Plymouth for 
many years, and for nearly half a century was one of the representative and in- 
fluential men of Plymouth. During his long and useful life he did much for the 
promotion of religion and education in hi? community. He died February 22, 

Benjamin Reynolds married (first), March 22, 1801, Lydia Fuller, born in 
Kent, Litchfield county, Connecticut, November 5. 1779. second child of Joshua 
and Sybil (Champion) Fuller, granddaughter of Captain Joseph Fuller, of the 
Eighteenth Connecticut regiment in the Revolution and a descendant in the 
eighth generation from Edward Fuller, a passenger on the "Mayflower." 

Dr. Edward Fuller, and his wife Ann, with their son, Samuel, came to Ply- 
mouth, Massachusetts, in the "Mayflower" on her first voyage in 1620, but died 
soon after his arrival, early in 1621. 

Samuel Fuller, son of Edward and Ann, came with his parents in the 
"Mayflower" in 1620. He married, April 8, 1635, Jane Lotbrop, daughter of the 
Rev. John Lothrop, who was baptized in the church of which her father was 
pastor at Edgerton. County Kent. England. September 29. 1614. Samuel Fuller 
died in October 1683. By his wife Jane Lothrop he had several children, and 
has left numerous descendants many of whom have taken a iirominent part in 
public affairs in colonial and later days. 

John Fuller, son of Samuel and Jane (Lothrop) Fuller, born in Barnstable, 
Massachusetts, in 1655, removed to Haddam, Connecticut, and died there in 


1726. He married Mehitabel Rowley, born in Barnstable, January i, 1660, who 
survived him and died at East Haddam, Connecticut, April 9, 1732. 

Deacon Joseph Fuller, son of John and Mehitabel (Rowley) Fuller, born 
at East Haddam, Connecticut, March i, 1699- 1700, died at Kent, Connecticut, July 
19. 1775- He married, December 22, 1732, Lydia Day, born April 11, 1698, at 
Hartford, Connecticut, died in Kent, November 2, 1763. 

Captain Joseph Fuller, eldest son of Deacon Joseph and Lydia (Day) Ful- 
ler, born at Colchester, New London county, Connecticut, in 1723, removed 
with his parents to Kent, Connecticut, where he resided until his 
removal to the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania in 1794. He was a cap- 
tain in the Eighteenth Connecticut regiment, and served with it throughout the 
Revolutionary war, hastening to the defence of Boston at the Lexington Alarm of 
April 19, 1775, and rendering active service at different periods later in the strug- 
gle for national independence. In 1794, Captain Joseph Fuller sold his land in 
Kent, Connecticut, and accompanied the family of his son Joshua Fuller to Lu- 
zerne county, Pennsylvania, where he died, July 13, 1795, and is buried at Center 
Moreland, in that county. He married, August 9, 1752, in Kent, Connecticut, 
Zerviah Hill, bom April 13, 1732, who died before the removal to Pennsylvania, 
in 1794. 

Joshua Fuller, eldest son of Captain Joseph and Zerviah (Hill) Fuller, born 
at Kent, Connecticut, July 11, 1753, resided there during the Revolutionary war, 
in which, like his father, he took an active part. He married in 1776, Sybil 
Champion, born at Salisbury, Litchfield county, Connecticut, July 18, 1755, eldest 
daughter of Daniel and Esther Champion. Daniel Champion, the father of 
Sybil (Champion) Fuller, born about 1721, was a soldier in Captain Samuel 
Durham's company, of Sharon, Connectiucut, in 1756, and rendered active ser- 
vice in the French and Indian war. He resided successively in Sharon, Salis- 
bury, and East Haddam, Connecticut. He was a son of Lieutenant Henry Cham- 
pion, of East Haddam, Connecticut, and a great-grandson of Henry Champion, 
who was born in England and was a resident of Saybrooke, Connecticut, as 
early as 1647, ^^'^ became one of the earliest settlers of Lyme, New London 
county, Connecticut. Joshua Fuller with his family and his aged father removed 
to the Wyoming Valley, in 1794, and settled in Kingston township, Luzerne 
county, within the present limits of Dorranceton. A few years later he removed 
to Dallas township in the same county, where he resided until his death. May 
16, 1815, and is buried in the graveyard at Huntsville, Jackson township, Luzerne 

Lydia (Fuller) Reynolds died in Plymouth, August 29, 1828, and Benja- 
min Reynolds married (second) at Kingston, Ruey Hoyt, born in Danbury, 
Connecticut, February 14, 1786, daughter of Daniel and Ann (Gunn) Hoyt, for- 
merly of Danbury, Connecticut, then of Kingston, Pennsylvania. She died 
without issue, August 26, 1835, and Benjamin Reynolds married (third) at 
Wilkes-Barre, February 16, 1837, Olivia M. (Frost) Porter, born in Litch- 
field, Connecticut, September 3, 1791, daughter of Samuel Frost, and widow 
of Major Orlando Porter, born in Waterbury, Connecticut, May 8, 1787, died 
at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, January i, 1836, burgess of Wilkes-Barre, 1833- 
1834. Benjamin Reynolds died in Plymouth, February 22, 1854. His widow 
OHvia died April 22, 1854. His children, all by his first wife. Lydia Fuller, 


were, William Champion, of whom presently; Chauncy Andrus Reynolds, (1803- 
1868); Hannah Champion, (1806-1845) married 1827, Dr. Andrew Bradford; 
Clara Champion, (1811-1876) unmarried; Elijah Wadhams Reynolds, (1813- 
1859); Joshua Fuller Reynolds, (1814-1874); George Reynolds, (1817-1835); 
Abraham H. Reynolds, (1819-1890); and Emily Elizabeth Reynolds, (1822- 
1896) who married in 1847, Dr. Robert Hamilton Tubbs. 

The Hox. William CHAMriox Reynolds, eldest child of Benjamin and 
Lydia (Fuller) Reynolds, born in what is now the borough of Plymouth, Lu- 
zerne county, Pennsylvania, December 9, 1801, was reared on his father's farm 
in Plymouth, and was educated in the primary school and later in the academy 
there under the principalship of Thomas Patterson. He prepared for college in 
the Wilkes-Barre Academy, under Joseph H. Jones, and entered the sopho- 
more class at Princeton in 1821, but his health failing he abandoned a collegiate 
course, and engaged in outdoor employment until 1824, with the exception of 
one winter in which he taught school. His health recovered, William Champion 
Reynolds, entered into partnership, with his cousin, Henderson Gaylord, his 
father's business partner, and under the firm name of Gaylord & Reynolds, 
later Henderson Gaylord & Company, for ten years carried on an extensive 
mercantile business at the general stores at Plymouth and Kingston. The firm 
also engaged in mining, and in shipping farm products, coal, lumber, etc. Mr. 
Reynolds took charge of the branch store at Kingston in 1830, and looked af- 
ter the interests of the firm there until 1835, when he sold out to his partner 
and engaged exclusively in mining and shipping interests. In October, 1836, 
William Champion Reynolds was elected a representative from Luzerne county 
to the state legislature, and during the one term which he served in the law mak- 
ing body of the state took an active part in the legislation in the interest of inter- 
nal improvements then engrossing the attention of the people of Pennsylvania. 
His business experience had made him well acquaintanced with the need of 
better transportation facilities, and he advocated all measures relating to inter- 
nal improvements. Among the important measures introduced by him was one 
granting a franchise to the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company to build a 
railroad to connect the head of navigation on the Lehigh river with the North 
Branch Canal at Wilkes-Barre. This railroad, begun in 1838, and completed five 
years later was one of the first railroads built in that part of the State, and it 
contributed greatly to the development and prosperity of the Wyoming Valley. 
Although the course of Mr. Reynolds in the House was favorably recognized 
by his constituents in a number of public meetings where resolutions were 
adopted expressing high regard for his services, he declined a re-election alleging 
that he could not spare the time from his active business which a due regard for 
the duties of the office required. He was also urged to accept the office of pro- 
thonotary of Luzerne county, but declined. March 15, 1841, he was commis- 
ioned by Governor Andrew Porter one of the associate justices of the courts of 
his native county, and he served on the bench as lay judge "with dignity and 
honor for five years. He was from 1840. for several years the state representa- 
tive on the board of managers of the Wilkes-Barre Bridge Company. He was 
chosen one of the trustees of Wyoming Seminary, at Kingston in 1845, ''^^ 
second year after its establishment by the Wyoming Conference of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, and although a member of a different religious denomi- 


nation, was continued in the board of management for thirteen years. In 1852, 
Judge Reynolds with his cousin and former business partner, Henderson Gay- 
lord, the Honorable George W. Woodward, William Swetland, Samuel Hoyt 
and others organized the Lackawanna & Bloomsburg Railroad Company, and 
securing a charter, in 1854 commenced the building of the railroad, first from 
Scranton to Rupert, and then to Northumberland, now forming a part of the 
extensive and important Lackawanna system, and was president of the com- 
pany until the completion of the road in i860 after which he declined re-election, 
but continued a director of the company until 1865. He was also for many years 
and up to the time of his death a director of the Wyoming National Bank, of 
Wilkes-Barre. He was one of the original members of the Wyoming Historical 
and Geological Society and remained a member until his death. 

"Judge Reynolds was a man of correct business habits, far seeing judginent, industry 
and economy. His taste for literature led him to devote much of the time that could be 
spared from vast business cares to the best literature of his day. and his cultured mind and 
kindly temperament, united with a fine conversational gift, made him a most agreeable 
companion, and he enjoyed a wide acquaintance and friendship with cultured and eminent 
men of his day". His personal friend. Colonel H. B. VVright. who had knwon him intimately 
during nearly his whole life, wrote of him in his Historical Sketches of Plymouth, "The 
success of Judge Reynolds is but an illustration of what can be accomplished by a life of 
industry and perseverance guided by a sound mind and discerning judgment. He was the 
architect of his own fortune. * * * His foresight and high character of intellect led him 
to invest his spare funds in coal lands, and the increase of the value of those lands, (largely 
due, he might have added, to his efforts in and success in securing better transportation 
facilities) was the foundation of a large estate." 

William Champion Reynolds was married, at Plymouth, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, June 19, 1832, by the Reverend Nicholas Murray, D. D., pastor of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Wilkes-Barre, to Jane Holberton Smith, born 
at Plymouth, April 3, 1812, third child of John and Frances (Holberton) Smith, 
of Plymouth; granddaughter of Lieutenant Abraham and Sarah (French) 
Smith, of Derby, New Haven county, Connecticut ; great-granddaughter of Rob- 
ert and Judith Smith, and great-granddaughter of Ebenezer Smith of Jamaica, 
Long Island, who died there, October, 171 7, and his wife Clemont Demon, 
daughter of Samuel and Mary Denton and great-granddaughter of the Rev. 
Richard Denton, who graduated from the University of Cambridge in 1623, and 
emigrated to Wethersfield, Connecticut, prior to 1640. and settled at Hempstead. 
Long Island, in 1646. 

Robert Smith, eldest son of Ebenezer and Clement (Denton) Smith, born 
at Jamaica, Long Island, removed to Norwalk, Connecticut, in 1723, where he 
was one of the prominent men of the town. He married March 11, 1724, Judith 
Fountain, daughter of James Fountain of Greenwich, and had eight children. 

Lieutenant Abr.\ham Smith, the sixth of the eight children of Robert 
and Judith, born at Norwalk, Connecticut, May 17, 1734, was a private in Col- 
onel Chauncey's Connecticut regiment, in the colonial service during the French 
and Indian war, and served for three months with his company in that regiment 
in 1755. He married, December 5, 1756, Sarah French, born at Derby, New 
Haven county, Connecticut, July 16, 1738, third child of Francis French Jr., and 
his wife Anna Bowers, of Derby. On his marriage, Abraham Smith settled with 
his wife at Derby. On the organization of the Committee of Safety in the 
autumn of 1774. he was chosen a member of the committee for Derby, and was 


also a member of the town committee, to report upon the measures to be adopted 
to carry into effect the resolves of the Continental Congress, held at Philadel- 
phia. In May, 1777, he was ensign in the Alarm List of the Second regiment, 
Connecticut militia ; in 1778, lieutenant of Captain Ebenezer Sumner's Company, 
in the regiment commanded by Colonel Thaddeus Cook; and in May, 1779, lieu- 
tenant of the Fourth company in the Alarm List of the Second regiment, Con- 
necticut militia. He died at Derby, February 13, 1796, and his wife Sarah, died 
there, August 13, 1805. 

John Smith, the father of Jane Holberton (Smith) Reynolds, was the young- 
est of the nine children of Lieutenant Abraham and Sarah (French) Smith, 
?jid was born in Derby, New Haven county, Connecticut, April 22, 1781. He 
resided in Derby until 1807, when he removed to Plymouth, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, whither he had been preceded by his elder brother, Abijah Smith 
in 1806. John Smith purchased a large tract of land adjoining his brother on 
Ransom's creek, near the lower end of the present borough of Plymouth, 
which was entirely underlaid with veins of the purest anthracite coal, then es- 
teemed of little value, being only used to a limited extent in furnaces and 
forges using air blast. Judge Jesse Fell having in 1808, demonstrated that it 
could be burned in a grate in an ordinary fire place, Abijah and John Smith de- 
termined to ship an ark-load down the Susquehanna from the coal beds on their 
adjoining lands, which they accompanied, taking with them a stone mason and 
several iron grates, which they erected in Columbia and other towns and dem- 
onstrated that their coal could be used for domestic purposes. The result was 
that they sold their ark-load of coal and began the establishment of a trade 
that grew slowly but continually. Abijah and John Smith were therefore the 
pioneer shippers of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania. They formed a co-part- 
nership under the title of Abijah Smith & Company in 1808 or 1809, and en- 
gaged exclusively in mining and shipping coal, opening the first mine for that 
purpose in the Wyoming Valley". They were energetic and enterprising men and 
soon pushed their trade beyond the confines of Pennsylvania, shipping the first 
anthracite coal to New York in 1812, and by 1815 it had reached Baltimore, 
Maryland, Philadelphia, and many other points. Abijah retired in 1825, and 
the business was continued by John Smith until 1845, when he also retired. He 
owned and operated a grist mill on Ransom's creek, the motive power of which 
he changed from water to steam in 1836, setting up the third steam engine ever 
operated in Luzerne county, and establishing the second steam grist mill in the 

John Smith married, at Stratford, Connecticut, Jaiuiary 5, 1806, Frances 
(Holberton) French, daughter of William and Eunice (Burr) Holberton, and 
widow of Samuel French. She was born at Bridgeport, Connecticut, January i, 
1780, and married (first), April 15, 1798, Samuel French, who died at Strat- 
ford, in 1804. Her great grandfather Captain William Holberton, was born at 
Tor House, Holberton, County Devon, England. He was a mariner, owning 
his own ship, in which he came to Boston, Massachusetts, in 1699 or 1700, and 
died there September, 1716. He married at Boston, April 4, 1701, Mary Fayer- 
weather, born at Boston, April 23, 1677. 

John Holberton, son of the above and grandfather of Mrs. John Smith, was 
bom at Boston, Massachusetts, September 18, 1712, he married, September 13, 


1738, his cousin Mary Fayerweather, and settled in Stratford, Connecticut, where 
he died in 1788. 

WiHiam Holberton, father of Mrs. Smith, and son of John and Mary 
(Fayerweather) Holberton, was born at Stratfield, Connecticut, August 15, 
1740. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and saw considerable ser- 
vice. He married, in December, 1770, Eunice Burr, born in Bridgeport, Con- 
necticut, October 5, 1750, daughter of Captain John and Eunice (Booth) Burr, 
and granddaughter of Colonel John and Catharine (Wakeman) Burr. William 
Holberton died at Stratford, Connecticut, December 11, 1797, and his widow 
Eunice died there in 1838. 

John Smith died at Kingston, New York, May 7, 1852, and his widow Frances 
(Holberton) Smith died there, February 3, 1861. They had three daughters 
and one son, Jane Holberton (Smith) Reynolds, the wife of William Champion 
Reynolds, being their third child. 

Hon. William Champion and Jane Holberton (Smith) Reynolds had eight 
children of whom the three eldest, died in infancy. Their eldest son, George 
Murray Reynolds, born July 17, 1838, entered Yale College, but like his father 
was forced to abandon a collegiate education on account of failing health. He 
was throughout his life prominent in the business and municipal affairs of 
Wilkes-Barre, serving many years as a member and president of town council, 
as a director and manager of a number of the most prominent institutions of the 
town ; was colonel of the Ninth regiment, National Guard of Pennsylvania, etc. 
He died in 1904. The second son, Charles Demson Reynolds, born April 17, 
1840, died April 20, 1869. His widow, nee Mary W. Burtis, married (second) 
the Rev. Samuel A. Mutchler of Philadelphia. 

Sheldon Reynolds, third son of the Hon. William Champion and Jane Holber- 
ton (Smith) Reynolds, born February 22, 1844, received his preliminary edu- 
cation at Wyoming Seminary, and Luzerne Presbyterian Institute, Wyoming, 
Pennsylvania, and the Hopkins Grammar School at New Haven, Connecticut, 
and entered Yale College in 1863, graduating with the degree of A. B. in 1867, 
and received the degree of A. M. from the same institution in 1872. Choosing 
the legal profession he took a course in the Columbia Law School, New York, 
and studied law in the office of Andrew T. McClintock, Esq., at Wilkes-Barre, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1871. Although Mr. Reynolds had an admirable 
equipment for success in his profession, he preferred to devote his time to gen- 
eral business and to literary and archaeological pursuits. He was a life long 
member and officer of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society ; and was 
also a life member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania and the Franklin 
Institute of Philadelphia; a member of the Association for the Advancement of 
Science and the Historical Society of Virginia; and a corresponding member 
of the Historical Society of Bangor, Maine, and of the Anthropological Society 
of Washington, D. C. In addition to these memberships, he served as trustee or 
director of various important institutions of Wilkes-Barre, thus throughout his 
life taking a prominent part in the affairs of the community in which he lived. 
He is also the author of various important essays and monographs. He died 
February 8, 1895. 

Benjamin Reynolds, youngest child of the Hon. William Champion and Jane 
Holberton (Smith) Reynolds, born in Kingston, December 25, 1849, removed 


with his parents, at an early age, to Wilkes-Barre, where he has since continued 
to reside. He received his preliminary education in private schools at Wilkes- 
Barre, and then entered Princeton College from which he was graduated with 
the degree of A. B. in 1872. In 1881, after having held a clerical position in the 
People's Bank of Wilkes-Barre, he became cashier of the Anthracite Savings 
Bank of the same city, and in 1890 was elected president of the latter, which 
ofifice he still holds. He is also a director of various important corporations of 
^^'ilkes-Barre. and a member of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, 
and of the Westmoreland Club of Wilkes-Barre. 

Elizabeth Reynolds, sixth child of Hon. William Champion and Jane Hol- 
berton (Smith) Reynolds, and only daughter who survived infancy, was born 
at Kingston, April 13, 1842, and twenty years later removed with her parents 
to Wilkes-Barre. where, October i, 1868, she married Colonel Robert Bruce 

Col. Robert Bruce Ricketts. who is of Scottish and English descent, was 
born at Orangeville, Columbia county, Pennsylvania, April 29, 1839. He is the 
fifth son of Elijah Green and Margaret (Lockhart) Ricketts, and grandson of 
Lieutenant Edward Ricketts who was born in 1759 and who was in 1781, an of- 
ficer in the battalion of Pennsylvania militia commanded by Colonel Hugh Dav- 
idson, of Bedford county. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Robert Bruce Ricketts, was pursuing the re- 
quired studies for admission to the bar. In the spring of 1861, he enlisted for 
three years in Battery F, Captain Ezra W. Matthews, First Light Artillery, 
Forty-third Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers and on July 8, 1861, was mus- 
tered into service. On Augvist 5, i86i. he was promoted first lieutenant of th^ 
battery. The First Light Artillery was organized at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 
under Colonel Charles T. Campbell, and early in August, 1861, the regiment was 
ordered to Washington, where it encamped near the arsenal. There it was 
more completely armed and equipped, and the same month the several batteries 
were separated and assigned to different divisions and corps of the army, and 
were never again united as a regiment. September 12, 1861, Battery F joined 
Major-General N. P. Bank's command. Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac, at 
Darnestown, Maryland. Lieutenant Ricketts, in command of his section of Bat- 
tery F, was under fire for the first time, December 20, 1861, in an engagement 
with a body of the enemy on the upper Potomac. Early in January, 1863, Bat- 
tery F, having been previously assigned to the Second Division, First Army 
Corps, was now transferred to the Third Division of that corps, at which time 
Lieutenant Ricketts was in actual command of the battery, which had come to 
be known as "Ricketts' Battery." February 23, 1863. Brigadier-general H. J. 
Hunt communicated to the commander of the artillery of the First Corps, the 
following: "None of your batteries are in bad order— the only corps so reported. 
The batteries in the best order are Reynolds' 'L', First New York ; Ricketts' 
'F', First Pennsylvania, and Lepperne's Fifth Maine." 

March 14, 1863. Captain Matthews was promoted major, and May 8. 1863, 
Lieutenant Ricketts was promoted captain of Battery F. A few weeks later 
the division to which the battery was attached marched into Pennsylvania. On 
June I, 1863. Battery G of the First Artillery was attached to Battery F, Cap- 
tain Ricketts assuming cnniniand of tiie consolidated batteries, comprising three 


officers and 141 men. and denominated "Ricketts" Battery". In the battle of 
Gettysburg, this battery performed noteworthy services. On July 2, it occupied 
an exposed position on Cemetery Hill, which Captain Ricketts was ordered to 
hold to the last extremity, and in the midst of the general action the famous 
"Louisiana Tigers", 1700 strong, suddenly and unexpectedly charged with 
fiendish yells upon Ricketts' Battery and its infantry supports. "As soon as 
Captain Ricketts discovered that this compact and desperate rebel column was 
moving on his position, he charged his pieces with canister, and poured in 
deadly volleys", states Bates, in his "History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers". 
"The infantry supports lying behind the stone wall in front fled in despair. The 
brunt of the attack fell upon Ricketts; but he knew well that the heart of the 
whole army was throbbing for him in that desperate hour, and how much the 
enemy coveted the prize for which he was making so desperate a throw. With 
an iron hand Ricketts kept every man to his post, and every gun in full play," 
and the terrible "Tigers" were beaten back, and, numbering barely 600, retired 
discomfited and disrupted. It would be interesting to follow Captain Ricketts 
and his battery into subsequent important and bloody battles and through other 
sucessful campaigns to the dawn of peace, but the limits of this sketch will not 
permit any further references to Captain Ricketts' military life other than the 
statement that, December i, 1864, he was promoted major and March 15, 1865, 
he was commissioned colonel of the First Pennsylvania Light Artillery, June 
3, 1865, he was honorably discharged from the military service of the United 
States, and shortly thereafter he located in Wilkes-Barre, where he has since 
continued to reside. 

Colonel Ricketts is the owner of vast tracts of woodland on the North moun- 
tain, in the counties of Luzerne, Sullivan and Wyoming, Pennsylvania, where he 
carries on an extensive business in the manufacture of lumber. He is also engaged 
in other important industries. A companion of the first class of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States ; a member of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society and of the Pennsylvania Gettysburg Monument 
Commission ; and was a member of the World's Columbian Fair Commission. 
He is a member of the Westmoreland Club, Wilkes-Barre, and vice-president 
in 1889 of its original board of directors. In 1886, Colonel Ricketts was nomi- 
nated for the office of lieutenant-governor of Pennsylvania, by the Democratic 
party of the state — the Hon. Chauncey F. Black being its nominee for gover- 
nor, — but at the election in November, the Republican party was triumphant, 
electing General James A. Beaver governor and the Hon. William T. Davies, 
lieutenant-governor. Two years later the Democratic state convention would 
have given Colonel Ricketts the gubernatorial nomination had he not refused to 
allow his name to be brought before the convention. 

Mrs. Elizabeth (Reynolds) Ricketts is an active member of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society, the Society of Mayflower Descendants, the 
Pennsylvania Society of the Colonial Dames of America. Wyoming Valley 
Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and the Society of Colonial 
Governors. She has been for many years a member of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Wilkes-Barre. 

Colonel Robert Bruce and Elizabeth (Reynolds) Ricketts had three children, 
all of whom were born in Wilkes-Barre. Their only son, William Reynolds, 


born July 29, 1869, graduated at Yale University in 1892, with the degree Ph.B., 
and is now engaged in business with his father. He is a member of the West- 
moreland Club; a companion of the second class of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States; and a life member, and since 1898, curator 
of mineralogy, of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society. The other 
children of Colonel Robert Bruce and Elizabeth (Reynolds) Ricketts are: Jean 
Holberton Ricketts, born May 25, 1873, ^"^ Frances Leigh Ricketts, born De- 
cember 2. 1881. 


The Miner family, founded in America by Thomas Miner, who came from 
County Gloucester, England to Salem, Massachusetts, in 1630, and in Pennsyl- 
vania by Charles and Asher Miner, who came to the Wyoming Valley shortly 
before the close of the eighteenth century, is traced through nine generations 
hack of Thomas Miner, the Massachusetts immigrant, to — 

Henry Miner, who died in the year 1359, leaving several sons, of whom the 
eldest — 

Henry Miner, married Henrietta, daughter of Edward Hicks, of Gloucester, 
whose armorial bearings were later borne by the Hicks family of Beverston 
Castle in Gloucestershire. They had sons, William and Henry. The line of descent of 
the New England emigrant continues through seven more generations of the 
elder male line; the name being varied in spelling at different periods, appear- 
ing at times as Myner, Mynor and Minor. The line from William above men- 
tioned through his son Thomas and grandson Lodovick, to another Thomas 
Mynor, his son William Myner, and grandson William Minor, to Clement Minor, 
the father of Thomas, the New England immigrant, who was born in Gloucester- 
shire in 1546, and died there on March 31, 1640, leaving four children — Clement, 
Thomas, Elizabeth and Mary. 

Thomas Minor, second son of Clement, born in England, in the year 1607, 
sailed from England in the ship "Arabella," and landed at Salem, Massachusetts, 
June 14, 1630. He became a planter at Charlestown, Massachusetts, where he 
subscribed to the covenant and became a member of the established church. He 
married there, April 20, 1633, Grace Palmer, who had come from England to 
Charlestown, with her father Walter Palmer in 1629, her mother having died in 
England a year before their emigration. In the year succeeding his marriage, 
Thomas Minor and Grace, his wife, joined the Connecticut colony projected by 
John Winthrop, the younger, and removed to Saybrook, Connecticut, and accom- 
panied Winthrop to New London in 1643, where he was made a freeman in 1646, 
and one of the five first selectmen of the town of Pequot, as New London was 
first known. In 1647, he was appointed by the General Court of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony, as the legislative body of New England was called, an 
assistant, or justice of the county court, and was also appointed sergeant of the 
Pequot Squadron, or Train Band, with authority to call out and train soldiers 
for the defense of the settlement. He represented New London in the General 
Court in 1650 and 1651. January 8, 1651-2, he was appointed with Hugh Cal- 
kin to lay out 300 acres of land for William Cheesebrough, at Pawkatuck, on the 
site of the present Stonington borough, where Cheesebrough was the first settler, 
but was followed a few months later by Walter Palmer, the father of Thomas 
Minor's wife. Mr. Palmer, as before stated, had located in Charlestown, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1629, where he was made a freeman in 1631. The following year 
(1632) he married, as his second wife, Rebecca Short, and in 1642, removed to 
Rehoboth, Bristol county, Massachusetts, which he later represented in the 

720 MINER 

General Court. April 5, 1652, Walter Palmer contracted with Governor John 
Haynes, for 300 acres, east of the Mystic River, in what is now Stonington, then 
known as Pawkatuck, and took possession, July 15, 1653. The contract of sale 
was witnessed by Thomas Minor and his son John. Palmer purchased an addi- 
tional 100 acres of the town of New London in February, 1653-4, and 500 acres 
the following year, and by May, 1655, had 1,190 acres and 55 acres of meadow 
there. He died in Stonington in 1662, and lies buried in the old burying ground 
on the banks of Wiquetequoc creek. Thomas Minor purchased a tract of land 
at Pawkatuck adjoining his father-in-law, and removed thereon in the spring of 
1653, he and his son Clement purchasing additional tracts there in 1657, though 
Clement remained in the bounds of New London. Thomas Minor was one of 
the first selectmen of the new town, first under the jurisdiction of New Lon- 
don, but in 1658 the General Court decided that the territory east of the Mystic 
belonged to Massachusetts, and it was erected into a separate town under the 
name of Southerton, and included in Suffolk county. Walter Palmer was the first 
constable and Thomas Minor was one of four men to whom was intrusted the 
government of the town until officers were elected. On an appeal to the next 
General Court, the jurisdiction was again awarded to Connecticut, and in 1665, 
the name was changed from Southerton to Mystic and in 1666, to Stonington. 
Thomas Minor, became an assistant, or justice of Stonington, and filled succes- 
sively all the important official positions in the town, including that of chief mili- 
tary officer of the town with the rank of captain, and as such directed the for- 
mation of the various military companies for service in King Philip's War. He 
died October 3, 1690, aged eighty-three years, and his wife died in the same 
year. Both were buried in the ancient grave-yard on the banks of the Wique- 
tequoc creek, near their residence, where a tombstone records the age of Thomas 
Minor as given above: 

"Here lyes the body of Litenant Thomas Minor, aged 83 years. Departed 1690." 

The five eldest sons of Thomas and Grace (Palmer) Minor, were born at 
Saybrook, Middlesex county, Connecticut, viz: John, Thomas, Joseph, Clement 
and Ephraim. His next child Manasseh, was the second child born in the new 
settlement of Pequot, now New London, April 28, 1647, and he was first native 
of the town to be officially admitted as an inhabitant, February 28, 1669. Two 
daughters born at Pequot died in infancy, and another son Samuel and a daugh- 
ter, were born there in 1652 and 1655 respectively. By reason of the father's 
several commissions to treat with and military expeditions against the Indians, 
he, and his elder sons, became proficient in the language of the aborigines, and 
were frequently called upon to act as interpreters. The eldest son. John Miner, 
was selected by the General Court in 1654, to be instructed as a teacher and 
missionary among the Indians, as was John Stanton, by reason of their profi- 
ciency in the Indian language ; though neither fully followed out the plan of their 
l)atrons, both became useful men, filling positions as recorders, clerks, etc. John 
Miner removed to .Stratford about 1658, and later to Woodbury. 

Clement Miner, the only .son of Thomas and Grace (Palmer) Miner who set- 
tled permanently in New London, was born in Saybrook, Connecticut, about 
1640, and removed with his parents to New London in 1646. Like his father 

MIXER 721 

he became prominent in public affairs, was ensign and captain successively of 
the military forces of New London, and a leader in all jniblic affairs as well as 
a deacon of the church. He purchased a tract of land adjoining his father and 
grandfather at Pawkatuck in 1657, but evidently did not remove thereto, as we 
find his name on the public records of New London, during all the succeeding 
years of his active life, being usually designated as "Ensign Clement Miner", 
or "Deacon Clement Miner." He was the leader of the New London party, 
who in May, 167 1, came into armed conflict with a like party from Lyme, over 
the respective rights of the two towns to a strip of meadow at Black Point, 
and was captured by the Lyme party, though immediately released. He mar- 
ried (first) in 1662, JFrances Burcham, the widow of Isaac Willey, Jr. She died 
January 6, 1672-3, and he married (second) Martha Wellman, daughter of Wil- 
liam Wellman, formerly of New London, but then of Killingworth. She died 
July 8, 1681, and he married (third) Joanna, who died at about the same time 
as Clement in October, 1700. By his first wife, Frances Willey, he had five chil- 
dren : three sons, Joseph, Clement and William, and two daughters, Mary, the 
eldest child, who became the wife of Thomas Leach; and Ann, the youngest. By 
the second wife he had one daughter, Phoebe, born April 13, 1679. 

Clemext Miner (2), son of Clement (i), and Frances, born at New London, 
October 6, 1668, married Martha Mould, daughter of Hugh Mould, ship build- 
er of New London, who came from Barnstable or Cape Cod to New London, 
prior to June 11, 1662, on which date he married Martha Coite, daughter of 
John Coite, of New London. The last vessel built by him at New London was 
the "Edward and Margaret," a sloop of thirty tons, built for Edward Stallion 
in 1681, but he remained a resident of the town until 1691, when his family left 
the town, and w;ere afterwards resident at Middletown, Connecticut, though 
Hugh Mould is supposed to have died at New London, at about the date above 

Clement and Martha (Mould) Miner, had eleven children: among them — 

Hugh Miner, the grandfather of the Wyoming Valley pioneers, Charles and 
Asher Miner. Hugh Miner married and had among other children — 

Ensign Seth Miner, born in New London, Connecticut, 1742, inherited the 
martial spirit of his ancestors, three successive generations of whom had been 
leading military officers of their town and county during the Colonial period, 
serving in the Pequot, King Philip's and the French and Indian wars, respec- 
tively. It is little to be wondered at therefore that he responded to the first call 
for troops to battle for the independence of the colonies, and early became a 
commissioned officer in the patriot forces. He was commissioned an ensign in 
the Twentieth regiment, Connecticut militia, in June, 1776, and served through- 
out the Revolutionary war. He was a member of the Susquehannah Company, 
who purchased from the Indians and laid claim to the territory embraced in 
the historic Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania, and was a purchaser of land there. 
On the renewal of the struggle for supremacy in the valley after the close of 
the Revolutionary war, Seth Miner was one of the active protestors for the 
rights of the Connecticut settlers, and in 1799, deputed his son, Charles, then 
an apprentice printer in the office of the Gazette and Coiniuercial Intelligencer, at 
New London, to go to Wyoming and take possession of his farm in Jessup 
township, Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania. The elder son. Asher. followcl 

722 MINER 

in 1801, and the later days of Seth Miner were spent with his sons in Penn- 
sylvania, and he lies buried in the Presbyterian burying ground at Doylestown, 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, where he died January 15, 1822. 

Seth Miner married, in 1767, Anna Charlton, who was born about 1744, and 
died November 3, 1804. They lived for many years in Norwich, Connecticut, 
where their five children were born; three daughters, Elizabeth, born December 
12, 1768, married a Captain Boswell ; Anna, born November 20, 1770, who died 
unmarried, and Sarah, born August 31, 1773; and two sons, Asher, bom March 
3, 1778, and Charles, born February i, 1780. The latter, who at the age of seven- 
teen, became a printer's apprentice at New London and two years later came to 
Wyoming to take charge of his father's farm in Susquehanna county, soon 
abandoned farming and removed to Wilkes-Barre where he joined his brother 
Asher in the publishing of the Luzerne County Federalist, purchasing Asher's 
interest in 1804, and becoming a prominent figure on political affairs ; serving 
in the town council ; one of the original trustees and founders of Wilkes-Barre 
Academy; many years a member of the Pennsylvania legislature, and ex- 
tremely active and influential in legislation of the utmost importance to the 
growing state; part owner and editor of the Trtie American, in Philadelphia, 
in 1816; proprietor and editor of the Village Record at West Chester, Pennsyl- 
vania, 1817-1832; member of Congress 1825-1828; returned to Wilkes-Barre in 
1832, and followed literary pursuits ; died there, October 26, 1865 ; author of 
"History of Wyoming," and a prolific writer on many subjects. He married 
in 1804, Letitia Wright, and had four daughters and one son; William Penn. 
Aliner, lawyer and journalist of Wilkes-Barre, author of "History of the Coal 
Trade in Luzerne and Lackawanna Valleys," etc., died 1892. 

Asher Miner, fourth child and eldest son of Seth and Anna (Charlton) 
Miner, was born in Norwich, Connecticut, March 3, 1778. He served an ap- 
prenticeship in the office of the Gazette and Commercial Adz'ertiser, at New 
London, Connecticut, and worked one year as a journeyman printer in New 
York, prior to joining his brother Charles in Wilkes-Barre in 1800. He ac- 
cepted a position on the Wilkes-Barre Gazette, which su.spended publication in 
less than a year after his connection therewith, and he founded the Luzerne 
County Federalist, the first number of which was issued January 5, 1801. His 
brother Charles Miner became his partner in its proprietorship, April 1802. un- 
der the firm name of A. & C. Miner, which was dissolved in 1804, by the sale of 
the whole interest in the enterprise to Charles Miner. On the sale of the 
Federalist to his brother, Asher Miner removed to Doylestown, Bucks county, 
and established there the Pennsylvania Correspondent and Farmers' Adver- 
tiser, the first number of which appeared July 7, 1804. It was a paper of 
strong Federalist leanings, the only newspaper published in the county at that 
time. It later came to be known as the Bucks County Intelligencer, and is still 
published at the same place. Its early publication was a struggle against ad- 
versity, the first issue being practically given away, but eventually it found 
favor with the people, and proved a successful enterprise. Mr. Miner was an 
ambitious publisher ; as early as 1806, he announced through the columns of 
the Correspondent his intention of publishing a monthly magazine, but though 
he agitated the subject for ten years he never received sufficient encouragement 
to warrant the publication. In 1816, he again announced his intention to pub- 

MINER 723 

lish a monthly journal to be known as 'a monthly literary and agricultural reg- 
ister" under the name of The Olive Branch and received and prepared contri- 
butions of a fine literary character for the proposed publication, but the pro- 
ject progressed no farther than the setting apart a page of the Correspondent to 
these contributions under the name of The Olive Branch, for a considerable per- 
iod, the publication of a separate journal not receiving sufficient substantial en- 
couragement. He, however, opened a branch office at Newtown, in the same 
county in 1817, and on May 21, of that year issued the first number of another 
newspaper The Star of Freedom, established virtually to keep newspaper com- 
petition out of the county, and while it answered this purpose, it was not very 
successful as an individual enterprise, and was abandoned the following year. 

Asher Miner was postmaster of Doylestown for many years, keeping the of- 
fice in his printing establishment, where he also kept for sale books, stationery 
supplies and a number of other articles of a miscellaneous character which he 
advertised through the columns of his paper. He was a man of learning and 
of marked ability in his profession, an upright Christian gentleman, a devout 
member of the Presbyterian Church, aiding materially in the establishment of 
the first Presbyterian Church in the town during the first decade of his resi- 
dence there, and was much admired and respected in the community. He re- 
linquished the postmastership in 1821, and in 1824 sold out his paper, and 
joined his brother in the publication of the Village Record, at West Chester, 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, Charles Miner having been elected to congress in 
that year. Asher continued to publish and edit the Village Record, in part- 
nership with his brother until 1834, when they sold their joint interest therein 
and Asher followed his brother to Wilkes-Barre, where he died, March 13, 

Asher Miner married, May 19, 1800, Mary Wright, daughter of Thomas 
\\'right of Wilkes-Barre, and his wife Mary Dyer, of the well-known family of 
Dyer, of Dyerstown, two miles north of Doylestown, Bucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, where John Dyer, established a mill in 1722, and was later prominent in 
public affairs as were his descendants for several generations. They were mem- 
bers of the Society of Friends. Mary (Wright) Miner died at West Chester in 
January, 1830, and Asher married (second) at Wilkes-Barre, May 13, 1835, 
Mrs. Thomazine (Hance) Boyer. Asher and Mary (Wright) Miner had thir- 
teen children but five of whom survived him, and all but two of whom died com- 
paratively young and unmarried. His eldest child, Anna Maria Miner, married 
Dr. Abraham Stout. 

Robert Miner, second son and third child of Asher and Mary (Wright) 
Miner, born at Doylestown, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, August 17, 1805, took 
charge of his father's mill at Wrightsville, now Miner's Mills, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, and also taught school for a number of years in Plains township, 
that county, before arriving at his majority. On his marriage, at the age of 
twenty-one, in 1826, he built a house at Miner's Mills and resumed charge of the 
mill, which was burned down in that year, but he rebuilt it and continued to con- 
duct it until 1833, when he embarked in the newspaper business, purchasing, in 
connection with Eleazer Carey, the Wyoming Herald, a weekly newspaper, which 
they published until 1835, when it was merged with the Wyoming Republican, 
then being published in Kingston. November i, 1836, Robert Miner became a 

724 MINER 

clerk in the office of the Hazelton Coal Company, which had just been incorpo- 
rated, and began business in very modest apartments. Their office was in a lower 
room of an addition to the old Drumheller tavern at Hazelton. where Robert 
Miner, their clerk, boarded. The Company laid out some of its land in town lots 
and began to sell them, the first house being erected in 1837. Mr. Miner built 
himself a home on one of these lots in 1837, and on July 4, of that year removed 
his wife and son Charles A. from Plains to Hazelton. His second son John, born 
there in the following January was the third child born in Hazelton. Robert 
Miner became secretary and treasurer of the company and in 1840, formed a 
partnership with Ario Pardee, then superintendent of the company, and a miner 
by the name of Hunt, under the firm name of Pardee, Miner & Company, and 
they mined coal by contract and loaded it into boats at Penn Haven. Mr. Miner 
was forced to withdraw from the firm by reason of illness in 1841, and returned 
with his family to Plains township, Luzerne county. In November, 1842, he 
made a trip to Easton, in a carriage with his younger brother Joseph, returning 
on December 9, and that night was taken violently ill and died before morning, 
thus ending at the early age of thirty-seven years what bore promise of a bril- 
liant, useful and successful career. A biographer has written of him, "He has 
been described as of peculiar and substantial worth, at all times cheerful and 
happy, with power to raise these emotions in others. His life was an exempli- 
cation of true greatness to which many may attain through mastery over self. 
His piety, charity, and urbanity became a part of his existence ; to do good to his 
fellow creatures was the pleasure of his life. He was polite without show, char- 
itable without ostentation, and religious without bigotry. In business he was 
punctual and exact, and such was the burden he took upon himself in whatever 
he engaged in, that those coming after him found little to do." 

Robert Miner married, January 3, 1826, Eliza Abbott, born October 22, 1806, 
died August 18, 1846. She was a daughter of Stephen and Abigail ( Searle ) 
Abbott, of Plains, Luzerne county, granddaughter of John and Alice (Fuller) 
Abbott, who were among the first Connecticut settlers in the Wyoming Valley, 
and a descendant of George Abbot, a pioneer settler at Andover, Massachusetts. 

George Abbot, born in Yorkshire, England, in 1615, emigrated to New Eng- 
land in 1637, and in 1643, became one of the original proprietors of Andover, 
Massachusetts, where his house was one of the fortified ones and was used for 
many years as a garrison for defense against hostile Indians. He married, 
December 12, 1646, Hannah Chandler, daughter of William and Annis Chand- 
ler, of Roxbury, Massachusetts, who with her parents and three other children 
had crossed the Atlantic in the same ship with her future husband. George and 
Hannah (Chandler) Abbot lived a life of trials, dangers and privations in a 
primitive community, which they endured with the Christian fortitude and austere 
piety peculiar to the early Puritan, and reared a family of thirteen children. He 
died December 24, i68r, and she, June 11, 171 1. 

William Abbot, son of George and Hannah (Chandler) Abbot, born in 
Andover, Massachusetts, November 18, 1657, spent his whole life there. He 
married, June 19, 1682, Elizabeth Geary, born July 10, i65i. daughter of Nathan- 
iel Geary, of Roxbury, Massachusetts, and his wife Ann Douglass, daughter of 
William Douglass, and granddaughter of Robert Douglass, first of Gloucester, 
who was a resident of Boston in 1640; and granddaughter of Denis Geary, who 



came from London, England, in the "Abigail" in 1635, ^"d settled in Lynn, Mas- 

Philip Abbott, ninth of the twelve children of William and Elizabeth (Geary) 
Abbot, was born at Andover, Massachusetts, April 3, 1699. He married, Octo- 
ber 20, 1723, Abigail Bickford, and removed to Hampton, Connecticut, and later 
to Windham county, Connecticut, where most of his children were born, and 
where his estate was settled in 1749. 

John Abbott, the grandfather of Eliza (Abbott) Miner, was the youngest 
of the eight children of Philip and Abigail (Bickford) Abbott, and was born in 
Windham, Connecticut, December 27, 1741. He was one of the first of the 
Connecticut colony to settle in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania, and built 
the first dwelling house on the site of the present city of Wilkes-Barre, in 1769, 
and as re-built by his son Stephen, it was standing as late as 1812. John Abbott 
joined the local military organization of the Connecticut settlers in Wyoming, 
ostensibly belonging to a Connecticut regiment, and took part in the terrible bat- 
tle of Wyoming, July 3, 1778. He escaped the massacre at the fort, but later 
attempting to save a portion of his harvest, with Isaac Williams, a lad of seven- 
teen years, was killed and scalped by the Indians. On November 30, 1895, a 
granite monument was erected on the spot where they met their death, bearing 
the following inscription : 

"Near this spot John Abbott, aged 36 years, a survivor of the 
Battle and massacre of Wyoming, and Isaac Williams, aged 17, 
were killed and scalped by Indians, July, 1778" 

The ground was donated by J. Robertson Williams, a descendant of the family 
to which Isaac Williams belonged, and the fund for building the monument was 
secured by Sidney Roby Miner, a lineal descendant of John Abbott. The house, 
barn and furniture of John Abbott were burned and his cattle lost, and his widow, 
in a state of utter destitution, with nine small children, the eldest nine years of 
age, begged her way back to relatives and friends in Connecticut. 

John Abbott married in Connecticut, November 4, 1762, Alice Fuller, eldest 
daughter of Stephen Fuller, who with his wife and family accompanied the 
Abbots and others to Wyoming in 1768, and was also killed in the battle of 
Wyoming, July 3, 1778, being the oldest man in the battle. Mr. Fuller was 
born in Windham county, Connecticut, and was a son (or grandson) of Thom- 
as Fuller, born April 30, 1644, and his wife, Martha Durg}', daughter of Wil- 
liam and Martha (Cross) Durgy; and grandson (or great-grandson) of Lieu- 
tenant Thomas Fuller, of Woburn, Massachusetts, who came from England, 
in 1638, was a sergeant of provincial forces, 1656, and lieutenant as late as 
1685, married, June 13, 1643, Elizabeth Tidd, daughter of John and Mar- 
garet Tidd. Stephen Fuller married, June i, 1723, Hannah Moulton, and Alice 
(Fuller) Abbott, was their eldest child. 

Stephen Abbott, the father of Eliza (z-\bbott) IMiner, born in the Wyoming 
Valley, near the site of Wilkes-Barre, April 19, 1771, was the third of the sur- 
viving children of John and Alice (Fuller) Abbott, and was one of the nine 
children with whom his widowed mother made her way back to Connecticut, 
after the tragic death of the father at the hands of the savages on his planta- 
tion on Jacob's Plains, July 18, 1778. The family remained in Connecticut un- 

726 MINER 

til 1798, when Stephen Abbott, accompanied by his cousin PhiHp Abbott, and 
family and a number of others, returned to his father's plantation in Plains 
township, Luzerne county, where he resided until his death in 1853. He mar- 
ried, July 14, 1799, Abigail Searle, born June 25, 1779, died June 2, 1842, 
daughter of William and Philena (Frink) Searle, and granddaughter of Con- 
stant Searle and his wife Hannah Miner. 

Constant Searle, born in Little Compton, Rhode Island, July 17, 1728, was a 
son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Kinnecut) Searle, of Little Compton; grandson 
of Nathaniel Searle, and his wife Sarah Rogers, daughter of John Rogers and 
his wife Elizabeth Pabodie, who was a daughter of William Pabodie, and his 
wife, Elizabeth Alden, daughter of the historic John Alden, the scrivener, a 
passenger on the "Mayflower", and his wife Priscilla Mullins, who with her fath- 
er, William Mullins, also came on the "Mayflower". John Rogers last above men- 
tioned, was a son of John Rogers and his wife, Ann Churchman, daughter of 
Hugh Qiurchman. who with Thomas Rogers, the father of John, and John 
Pabodie, father of William, were all passengers on the historic "Mayflower." 

Constant Searle married, in Stonington, Connecticut, May 16, 1751, Han- 
nah Miner, born December 9, 1731, daughter of Simeon Miner, and his wife 
Hannah Wheeler, daughter of William Wheeler of Stonington, Connecticut, 
and his wife Hannah Gallup, daughter of Ren Adam Gallup, and his wife, Es- 
ther Prentiss, and granddaughter of Captain John Gallup, of New London, 
Connecticut, and his wife, Hannah Lake, daughter of Mrs. Margaret Lake, 
the first woman to appear in New London in 1646, a member of the family 
of Governor John Winthrop, the first chief magistrate of Connecticut, and 
the founder of the New London settlement, at least a kinswoman of his and 
thought to have been his sister. The two John Gallups, father and son, were 
among the first settlers of Connecticut and both were prominent Indian fighters. 
Captain John Gallup, the second, was killed at the Indian fight at the Narra- 
gansett fort, December 19, 1675. He was a son of John and Christobel Gallup, 
who were among the earliest English settlers of Massachusetts. His son Ben 
Adam Gallup, also prominent in public affairs at New London, was born there 
in 1655, and his wife Esther Prentiss was born there July 20, 1660. 

Simeon Miner, above mentioned was a son of Captain Ephraim Miner, a 
grandson of Lieutenant Ephraim Miner and great-grandson of Thomas and 
Grace (Palmer) Miner, from whom descend the Miner family of Wyoming. 
Lieutenant Ephraim Miner, a son of Lieutenant Thomas Miner, and his wife 
Grace Palmer, was born in Saybrook, and was brought bv his parents to New 
London, Connecticut, when an infant, and removed with them to Pawkatuck, 
later Stonington, in 1653. and like his father was a prominent military officer. 
He married Hannah .^very, born October 12, 1644. at Gloucester, Massachu- 
setts, daughter of Captain James .A.very, one of the first and leading spirits in 
the settlement of New London, deputy to the General Court, commissioner to 
treat with the Indians, etc., and his wife Joanna Greenslade ; and granddaugh- 
ter of Christopher Avery, from Salisbury, England, who came from Boston to 
Gloucester in 1644, where he was a selectman, 1646 to 1654. and who followed 
his son to New London. Connecticut in 1665. 

Captain Ephraim Miner, son of Lieutenant Ephraim and Hannah (Avery) 
Miner, married Mary Stevens, daughter of Richard and Mary (Lincoln) Stev- 

MINER 727 

ens, and they were the parents of Hannah Miner who married Constant Searle. 
The earlier generations of the Searle family, like those of the Miner family, lie 
buried in the ancient burying ground on the banks of the Wiquetequoc creek, 
near Stonington. Constant and Hannah (Miner) Searle were among the first 
Connecticut settlers in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania, and he was 
killed at the battle and massacre of Wyoming, at Forty-Fort, July 3, 1777. His 
wife and family escaped and she survived until 1813. 

William Searle, son of Constant and Hannah (Miner) Searle, and father 
of Abigail Searle, who married Stephen Abbott, married, October 17, 1773, 
Philena Frink, born February 21, 1755, daughter of Andrew and Abigail (Bil- 
lings) Frink, grandaughter of Samuel and Margaret (Wheeler) Frink, and 
great-granddaughter of Samuel Frink and his wife Hannah Miner, daughter of 
Lieutenant Ephraim Miner, before mentioned and his wife, Hannah Avery. 
Thus making the subject of this sketch a descendant on three different lines 
from Thomas and Grace (Palmer) Miner, one of the founders of New Lon- 
don, Connecticut. The Frinks were likewise among the earliest settlers of New 
England, Samuel Frink, last above mentioned, being a son of John and Grace 
(Stevens) Frink, and a grandson of John Frink, a native of England. Abigail 
(Searle) Abbott, the wife of Stephen Abbott, and mother of Eliza Abbott, who 
married Robert Miner, died in Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, June 2, 1842, 
Her daughter Eliza (Abbott) Miner, survived her husband Robert Miner, less 
than four years, dying August 18, 1846, in her fortieth year. They had three 
children, but one of whom survived childhood. 

Honorable Charles Abbott Miner, only surviving child of Robert and Eliza 
(Abbott) Miner, born in Plains township, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, August 
30, 1830, was educated at Wilkes-Barre Academy, and the academy at West 
Chester, Pennsylvania. He inherited the flouring mill at Miner's Mills once 
the property of his grandfather, Asher Miner, which his father had come to 
Luzerne county to manage at the age of fourteen years, and his whole life was 
devoted to milling enterprises, which his progressive and practical industry and 
enterprise did much to advance. He was one of the founders and the first presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Millers' Association, and was identified with many of 
Wilkes-Barre's industrial, financial and educational institutions and enterprises 
from early manhood. He was for twenty-five years a director of Wyoming 
National Bank at Wilkes-Barre, and its vice-president at the time of his death, 
and was for fifteen years president of the Coalville Street Railway Company. 
He was president of the board of directors of the Wilkes-Barre City Hospital 
from the time of its organization ; president of the board of trustees of Wilkes- 
Barre Academy, and president of the Luzerne County Agricultural Society. In 
1877 he became commissioner of the Second Geological Survey of Pennsyl- 
vania. Politically he was a Republican, and served his party with ability and 
energy. He was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1874, and served by 
successive re-elections, until 1881, when he was his party's candidate for the 
State Senate from his district, but was defeated by his Democratic opponent, 
Eckley B. Coxe. He was a soldier in the Civil War, having enlisted in Company 
K, Thirtieth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, from which he was honorably 
discharged, holding the rank of sergeant, July 26, 1863. 

Mr. Miner was a zealous advocate of a thorough education for men and women, 

728 MINER 

and did much to advance the standard of education in his home community. For 
many years he furnished what were known as the "Miner prizes" for contests in 
declamation at the Wilkes-Barre Academy. He was for forty years a member of 
the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, one of its trustees from 1887 to 
his death, its president in 1881, and vice-president 1887-1890, and did much to 
advance its interests and usefulness. He read before the society in 1900, "The 
Early Grist Mills of U'yoming \'alley, Pennsylvania." 

Charles Abbott Miner was known throughout the community in which his life 
was spent as a benevolent, patriotic, public spirited man, deeply interested in all 
that pertained to the welfare of his city and people, above all selfish and sordid 
interests, concerned for humanity in general, and his memory is cherished in 
grateful remembrance. He died July 25, 1903, and an obituary article in the 
Wilkes-Barre Leader, of July 27, truthfully reflects the esteem in which he 
was held by his friends and neighbors. It is in part as follows : — 

".■\11 that was mortal of the Hon. Charles A. Miner, was this afternoon consigned to its 
last resting place. In the death of Mr. Miner, Wilkes-Barrc has indeed sustained a severe 
loss. A public-spirited, philanthropic citizen, he was ever ready to help in advancing the 
welfare of his city and its inhabitants. His personal side was particularly lovable to all 
who knew him, and his business integrity was a strong example to many of the younger 
business men of the community. The deeds of Mr. Miner will live in this city for many a 
long day. .-^fter all, they are the most lasting tribute to a citizen's memory. But it would 
not be amiss to erect in the public square or on the river common, or some such appropriate 
spot — the property of the people — a monument to Mr. Miner's memory, something for the 
bo>s and girls of coming generations to look up to, to inspire in them the same noble traits 
and characteristics which made Charles A. Miner one of the best citizens Wilkes-Barre ever 

Resolutions were adopted by the vestry of St. Stephen's Church of which he 
had been a member, by the board of directors of Wyoming National Bank, 
the directors of the Wilkes-Barre City Hospital, Conyngham Post No. 97. G. A. 
R., and the Pennsylvania Millers' Association, and hundreds of letters were 
received by the family from friends and business and political acquaintances in 
all parts of the country, testifying their appreciation of his worth and regret at 
his loss. 

Charles Abbott Miner married, January ly, 1853, Eliza Ross Atherton, born 
in Kingston township, now Wyoming borough, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, 
March 10, 1831, daughter of Elisha Atherton, and his wife Caroline Ann Ross, 
granddaughter of James and Lydia (Washburn) Atherton, great-granddaughter 
of James and Elizabeth (Borden) Atherton, and the latter was a grandson of 
James Atherton, of an ancient and distinguished family of Lancashire, England, 
who with his wife Hannah, emigrated to Dorchester, Massachusetts, and later 
to Lancaster, Massachusetts. Here his son James Atherton (2) lived and died, 
and his son Jaines Atherton (3) sold the paternal estate there and removed to 
Coventry, Connecticut, and from thence in 1862, came to the Wyoming Valley 
with his son of the same name. 

J.\MEs Atiiekton (4), born in New England, probably in Lancaster, Massa- 
chusetts in 1716, settled at Kingston. Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, in 1769, 
when that section was part of the Connecticut county of Westmoreland, and 
lived there through the Revolutionary war. He died in 1798, and lies buried in 
I'-orty-Fort. He married Elizabeth Borden, born September, 1718, died March 
2S, 1802, and tlicv had two children. 

MINER 729 

James Atherton (5), born in Connecticut, September 19, 1751, accompanied 
his parents to the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania in 1762. He was a private 
in Captain John Franklin's Independent Company of militia, organized at Wyom- 
ing by the Connecticut settlers there for service in the Revolution, and accredited 
as a part of the Connecticut state militia, though serving in Pennsylvania. On 
the roll of this company as stationed at the "Post of Wyoming", from April 2, 
1780, to May 4, 1780, appears the names of James Atherton, John Fuller, Jon- 
athan Washburn, Stephen Gardner, Joseph and Jonah Rogers, Peleg Comstock, 
Andrew, Thomas and Ishmael Bennett, Noah Pettebone, with a score of other 
familiar Wyoming-Connecticut names, including the Hurlbuts, Frisbes, Hides, 
Brockways, Haines and others. James Atherton ( 5 ) died at Galena, Ohio, May 
5, 1828. He married, May 3, 1774, Lydia Washburn, who was born in Connec- 
ticut, May 16, 1757, and died at Galena, Ohio, June 20, 1847. Tradition relates 
that James Atherton (4), 17 16- 1798, was also a soldier in the Revolution, and 
there is hardly room for doubt that he rendered such service, as no able-bodied 
man, who remained in the Valley could possibly escape such service, if only in 
defense of himself, his family, and possessions against the savage hordes of 
Indians urged on or led by their hardly less savage allies and abettors the Tory 
partisans of the English Crown, and British officers. It is probable, however, 
that James Atherton was associated with the earlier organizations of Connecticut 
soldiers from Wyoming, which were incorporated into the Connecticut line and 
militia organization. 

James Atherton (5) and his wife Lydia Washburn, had thirteen children, 
of whom Elisha Atherton, the father of Eliza Ross (Atherton) Miner, was the 
sixth. He was born at Kingston, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, May 7, 1786, 
and died there April 2, 1853. He married, February 3. 1828, Caroline Ann Ross, 
daughter of General William Ross of the Luzerne County Militia, and a veteran 
of the Revolutionary War, and his wife Elizabeth Sterling. 

Joseph Ross, the pioneer ancestor of the Ross family of Wyoming, lived in 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, and was probably a son of either John or Thomas 
Ross, brothers, who were in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1640. His wife Mary, 
born in the year 1646. died in Windham, Connecticut. November 5, 1725, and 
they had three children : Jonathan, Joseph and Daniel. 

Joseph Ross, second son of Joseph and Mary Ross, was born at Ipswich, 
Massachusetts, in 1683, ^"d was one of the proprietors of Ashford, Connecti- 
cut, in 1716, a land surveyor and owner of a number of town lots. He mar- 
ried. September 15, 1716, Sarah Utley, born September 15, 1697, daughter of 
Samuel Utley, of Scituate, Massachusetts, and they had ten children. 

Jeremiah Ross, third child of Joseph and Sarah (Utley) Ross, born July 26, 
1 72 1, was one of the early New England settlers in the Wyoming Valley, and 
died there, in Wilkes-Barre, February 8. 1777. He married, October 31, 1744, 
Ann Paine, born in Woodstock, Connecticut, February 11, 1720, died at Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania. March 22, 1813, daughter of Samuel Paine, who owned 
the finest house in Woodstock, Connecticut, and his wife Ruth Perrin, grand- 
daughter of Samuel and Anna (Peck) Paine of the same place; great-grand- 
daughter of Stephen and Anne (Chickering) Paine, and great-great-granddaugh- 
ter of Stephen Paine, who emigrated from Great Ellingham, parish of Shrop- 
ham, near Hingham, County Norfolk. England, in 1638, coming to New Eng- 



land with a large party of immigrants in the ship "Diligent" in 1638, and settling 
first at Hingham, and afterwards at Rehoboth. Jeremiah Ross and his wife Ann 
Paine, resided during the early part of their married life, in Scotland parish, 
Windham county, Connecticut, removing later to Montville, New London county, 
from whence in the early part of 1774, they removed to the Wyoming Valley 
of Pennsylvania. They had ten children, all the sons, Perrin, Jeremiah and 
William, participated in the terrible battle of Wyoming, and Perrin and Jeremiah 
lost their lives in the terrible massacre that followed. Perrin Ross was a lieu- 
tenant in the Twenty-fourth Connecticut Infantry, generally known as the "West- 
moreland Regiment". 

WiLLi.\M Ross, the maternal grandfather of EHza Ross (Atherton) Miner, 
was the ninth child of Jeremiah and Ann (Paine) Ross and was bom in Scotland 
parish, Windham county, Connecticut, March 29, 1761. He was therefore but 
thirteen years of age when he accompanied his parents to the Wyoming Valley 
in 1774. He was a private in the Twenty-fourth Regiment, and on July i, 1778, 
marched with nearly four hundred men of that regiment under Colonel Butler 
from Forty-Fort to Exeter, the scene of the massacre of the Hardings on June 
30, 1778, and returned later with the detachment to the fort. On July 3, hav- 
ing no arms, those belonging to the family being taken by his elder brothers 
Perrin and Jeremiah, who marched out with the soldiers in the ill-advised attack 
on the enemy and perished in the ambuscade and massacre which followed, Wil- 
liam Ross remained in Forty-Fort. On receiving word of the defeat, he took 
his mother and sister Sarah, wife of Giles Slocum, and fled by the Nescopeck 
path through Fort Allen, to Stroudsburg, where they met his six other sisters, 
who had gone down the river to Harris' Ferry, and thence to Stroudsburg. All 
the family, except his mother and Mrs. Slocum however, returned to the valley in 
August with Captain Spaulding. William Ross was one of the party of twenty- 
nine non-commissioned officers and privates, under command of a lieutenant, who 
on October 22, 1778, marched to Forty-Fort, as a guard to the returning set- 
tlers and to bury the dead. William was now the head of the family, and they 
settled down at Forty-Fort, sallying out armed to look after the crops and feed 
for the cattle when opportunity offered. The Indians made several incursions 
into the neighborhood, driving off cattle, burning hay and committing other dep- 
redations. Two hundred and fifty of them attacked the fort on March 23, 1779, 
but were driven back. William Ross took part in the armed conflict between the 
Connecticut settlers in the Wyoming Valley, and the Pennsylvania authorities 
when force was resorted to, to oust the representatives of Connectcut from their 
lands, and in July, 1784, marched with twenty-nine picked men under Captain 
John Swift to meet an armed force of Pennsylvanians under Major Moore, who 
were reported to be at Earner's on their way to attack the Yankee settlers. The 
two parties met at Locust Hill, in Northampton county, and a battle ensued in 
which one Pennsylvanian was killed and several were wounded on both sides. 
August I, Secretary John Armstrong, and Honorable John Boyd, of the Supreme 
Executive Council of Pennsylvania, came to Wyoming with an armed force and 
arrested Mr. Ross and others who were with him at Locust Hill on the charge 
of murder. They were bound with cords and thrust into the guard house and 
later handcuffed in pairs, each pair being tied to two soldiers with ropes, and 
started on the march for Hasten under a strong guard. Colonel Armstrong giv- 

MINER 731 

ing orders that any who attempted to escape should be put to death immediately ; 
several, including Mr. Ross, escaped, and the rest reached Easton and were lodged 
in jail. After the settlement of the difficulty, between the states by which the 
Yankees submitted to the jurisdiction of Pennsylvania and retained their lands, 
William Ross joined the Pennsylvania militia, and in July, 1788, was captain of 
a company located at Wilkes-Barre, which with three other companies was 
included in a troop of cavalry under Captain Paul Schott, which was ordered 
out July 27, 1788, to rescue Colonel Pickering, who had been abducted. In 
ascending the east bank of the Susquehanna near Meshoppen, Captain Ross with 
fifteen men encountered a party of Yankees under the lead of Gideon Dudley, 
and in the action which ensued. Captain Ross was shot through the body. He 
was removed to Wilkes-Barre and slowly recovered. In recognition of his ser- 
vices he was presented by the Supreme Executive Council with a handsome 
sword, with an inscription commemorative of the event. In 1789-1790, he was 
captain of the Third company of the First battalion of Luzerne county militia 
commanded by Lieutenant colonel Matthias Hollenback. In 1790, he was elected 
a justice of the peace for the second district of Luzerne county, and recommis- 
sioned for Wilkes-Barre alone, September i, 1791. He continued in office for 
twenty years or more. April 25, 1800, he was commissioned by Governor Mc- 
Kean, Brigade inspector of militia for the counties of Luzerne, Lycoming and 
Northumberland for a term of seven years, and on the same day was appointed 
Brigadier general of the same brigade, holding that office until 1812. In the 
latter year he was elected to the state senate from the district composed of Luzerne 
and Northumberland counties. He marched with the detachment of Luzerne 
county militia, part of the 35th regiment, Pennsylvania militia, in 1814, to the 
defense of Baltimore, but on reaching Danville, they heard of the repulse of the 
British and were ordered home. He was postmaster of Wilkes-Barre, 1832, to 
1.S35. He died August 9, 1842. The court of Luzerne county adjourned on 
the day of his funeral and followed his remains to the grave in a body. William 
Ross married, October 10, 1790, Elizabeth Sterling, born at Lyme, Connecticut, 
November 3, 1768, daughter of Samuel Sterling, born 1732, who married, Decem- 
ber 2, 1756, Elizabeth Perkins, born October 14, 1737; granddaughter of Joseph 
Sterling, born 1707, and his wife Sarah Mack; great-granddaughter of David 
Sterling, born 1673, died 1747, and his wife Mary ( Fenwick ) Ely, widow of 
Richard Ely, of Lyme, Connecticut; great-great-granddaughter of William Sterl- 
ing, the first of the family to locate in Lyme ; and great-great-great-granddaugh- 
ter of David Sterling, who came from Hertfordshire, England, with his family, 
including his son William above mentioned, in 1652, and located in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts. Elizabeth (Sterling) Ross, died at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
]\Iay 16, 1816. She and General Ross had five children, of whom the fourth 
Caroline Ann Ross, born February 24, 1797, married (first). May 14, 1815, 
Samuel Maffet, who died August 14, 1825, and (second), February 3, 1828, 
Elisha Atherton before mentioned. She died August 18, 1885. By her second 
husband she had one daughter, Eliza Ross Atherton, who married Hon. Charles 
Abbott Aliner. 

Charles Abbott and Eliza Ross (Atherton) Miner had si.x children. The eldest, 
Elizabeth Miner, bom 1853, died unmarried in 1902. Robert Miner and William 
Ross Miner, the second and third of the children, died young. The third son and 

732 ■ MINER 

fourtli child. Colonel Asher Miner, of W'ilkes-Barre, became associated with his 
father in the milling business on completing his education, and succeeded to the 
management of the old Miner's Mill in 1887; and in 1894 when the Minor-Hillard 
Milling Co. was organized he was made vice-president and general manager and 
on the death of his father became its president and has under his management 
and control five mills manufacturing cereal products. He has been for many 
years one of the most active officers and members of the Pennsylvania Millers' 
Association, of which he has now served for several years as president. He 
joined the National Guard of Pennsylvania as a private in 1884, and rose through 
the several grades to captain of Company D, Ninth Regiment, and was appointed 
by Governor Hastings in 1895. as a member of his staiif with the rank of colonel, 
and served until the National Guard was enlisted for service in the Spanish 
American War, in 1898, when he was commissioned colonel of the newly organ- 
ized Seventh regiment, which was fully equipped for going to the war, but its 
services were not needed, and it was finally disbanded. Colonel Miner is presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Millers' Mutual Fire Insurance Company ; a director 
of Millers National Federation, a director of Wyoming National Bank, and was 
for several years president of the Wilkes-Barre Board of Trade. He is a mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania Society, of the Sons of the Revolution, of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society, and of the Westmoreland and Wyoming \'al- 
ley Country Clubs. He married, November 6, 1889, Hettig McNair Lonsdale, 
daughter of Lieutenant Henry Holloway Lonsdale, of New Orleans, and his wife 
Helen Lea, daughter of Honorable James Neilson Lea, Judge of the Louisiana 
Supreme Court. 

Charles Howard Miner, the youngest son of Charles A. and Eliza R. ( Atherton) 
Miner, born July 5, 1868, graduated at Princeton University in 1890, and from 
the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1893, after which 
he studied at Heidelberg and in Vienna, and has since practiced his profession at 
Wilkes-Barre. He served as assistant surgeon of the Ninth Regiment, Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, during the Spanish American War, 1898; is a member of 
the Luzerne county, Pennsylvania state, and American Medical Associations ; of 
the Military Order of Foreign Wars, and of the Wyoming Historical and Geo- 
logical Society. He married June i, 1904, Grace Lea Shoemaker, a half sister 
to Mrs. Asher Miner. 

Sidney Robv Miner, the fourth son and fifth child of Honorable Charles 
.\bbott and Eliza Ross (Atherton) Miner, born in \\'ilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
July 28, 1864, graduated from Harvard University, with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, in 1888, studied law in the University of Pennsylvania, and was admit- 
ted to the Luzerne county bar in 1890, and has since practiced his profession at 
W'ilkcs-Iiarre. He is a member of the Penn.sylvania Bar .Association, the Amer- 
ican Bar Association, the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolution, 
and of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, of which he has been 
recording secretary since 1894. He married, June 25, 1909, Lydia Atherton 
Stites, daughter of the Rev. Winfield Scott Stites and Lydia /Vtherton (Henry) 
Stites, his wife, of the borough of Wyoming. 


The first of the progenitors of Judge Steel to settle in Pennsylvania was his 
great-grandfather, James Steel, from whose military service in the War for 
Independence he obtains his right to membership in the "Sons of the Revolu- 
tion." On the maternal side (Brown) he can also establish a clear title to 
colonial ancestry. Both the paternal and maternal lines converge in a com- 
mon fatherland, — the green Isle of Erin. Beyond that the Browns trace to 
the Covenanters of Scotland. Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, owes much 
to those early settlers of Scotch-Irish extraction, who laid broad and deep the 
foundation on which alone can be built true and permanent prosperity. Rugged 
in their honesty, deep and unchanging i'l religious conviction, untiriup- m their 
industry, unflinchingly loyal to their adopted country, they were a fitting race 
to brave the perils of the frontier and to lay the foundations of civil and re- 
ligious liberty, on which to build a State. 

James Steel, the immigrant ancestor, was born at "Castle Blaney", near 
Carrick Macross, Ireland, about 1741. After the "Steel-Boy" insurrection 
(1771), on account of the unsettled and intolerable conditions in Ireland, he 
came to America, landing at Philadelphia, and coming as far west as that 
Scotch-Irish hive in Cumberland, now Franklin county, Pennsylvania, where, 
doubtless, he had friends who had preceded him. He did not long remain there 
but resumed his journey west, finally, in 1772, settling on land in Sewickley 
Manor, now Mount Pleasant township, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania. 
This was just before the formation of that county. The land of which he be- 
came possessed was obtained by purchase from the Penns, and was of an ex- 
tent that was considered a very large holding for that date. It is now the heart 
of the Connellsville coking coal region and exceedingly valuable. Four hun- 
dred fifty acres of the original purchase have been handed down through suc- 
cessive generations and are now owned by a great-grandson, Joseph W. Steel. 
Here James Steel built his home and reared his family, amid the alarms of 
war and the dangers of a forest, filled with wild creatures and foes still more 
to be feared, — the Indians. True to the instincts of his race and urged on by 
personal conviction, when it became necessary to choose between loyalty to the 
mother or his adopted country, James Steel did not hesitate nor vascillate. He 
took the oath of allegiance, required of all foreign born citizens, March 28, 1778, 
before Hugh Martin, a justice of the county, and enlisted in the Mount Pleas- 
ant Associators. He served in the campaign of the Jerseys, as did his two 
brothers-m-law, Robert and Andrew Donaldson, both of whom were killed in 
battle. The entire military service of James Steel covered a continuous period 
of three years, during which he bore with fortitude the shock of battle, the 
weariness of forced marches and the suffering of the poorly equipped, half-fed 
soldier, of that great war, which gave birth to a nation. James Steel married 
(first) Elizabeth McMasters. the daughter of a neighboring farmer. She bore 
him a son and a daughter. The son, Joseph Steel, married Barbara Blystone, of 

734 STEEL 

Mt. Pleasant township, and moved to Franklin township, and is buried at the 
Old Tent (United Presbyterian) graveyard. The daughter, Jane, became the 
wife of William Hunter, of Mount Pleasant township, and moved to Perrys- 
ville, Richland county. Ohio, where many of their descendants now live. Steel 
married (second), about the close of the Revolutionary war. Elizabeth Donald- 
son, of "East of the Mountains," who is said to have been his cousin, who bore 
him Elizabeth, James and John Steel. Elizabeth, born September 25, 1785, 
married Alexander Hamilton, lived at what was then called "Irishtown" on 
the Clay Pike, west of Rufifsdale, on the farm now partly owned by Franklin 
Null, and is buried in the Middle Presbyterian grave-yard in Mount Pleasant 
township. She left, surviving her, a large family, some of whom moved to 
Geneseo, Illinois, and later to Cedar Rapids, Iowa. James, born on the day of 
the adoption of the United States Constitution, September 17, 1787, married 
Martha McCutcheon, a daughter of James and Peggy (Finney) McCutcheon. 
lived in Franklin township, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, and is buried 
at Poke-Run Presbyterian grave-yaid. John, we will mention later. 

James Steel, the founder, died September 10, 1823, after a full and honorable 
life of eighty-two years. He is buried at the Middle Presbyterian Church, 
Mount Pleasant township, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania. 

John Steel, son of James and Elizabeth (Donaldson) Steel, was born on the 
Mount Pleasant township homestead of the Steels, April 7, 1789. He grew up 
on the home farm, which later became his property, and which was his home 
until 1835, when he moved to the "Judge Robert Hanna Farm", in Salem and 
Hempfield townships, which had been purchased by him in 1826, and on which 
was located "Hannastown", the first county seat of Westmoreland county. John 
Steel became one of the foremost business men and large land owners in the 
county and did much for the good of the community. The "Hannastown Farm" 
now became the Steel's homestead, although all of John Steel's children were 
born on the Mount Pleasant farm. Beside being the first county seat, Hannas- 
town will always live in the annals of western Pennsylvania, as the first place 
west of the Allegheny mountains in all America, where justice was administered 
according to the forms and precedences of English law. It was here that the 
Scotch-Irish, the race that never produced a traitor to the cause of liberty, on 
May i6, 1775, signed and promulgated the first declaration of independence. 
This was but twenty-seven days after the fight at Concord and Lexington and 
fifteen days prior to the Mechlenburg declaration. It was here also, on July 
13, 1782, that the last battle during the Revolution with the British and Indians, 
fighting as allies, occurred, ending in the destruction of the former county seat 
of, what was then, all western Pennsylvania. John Steel married (first) his 
cousin, Martha Walker, daughter of Andrew and Sallie (Donaldson) Walker, 
of, what was then, Virginia, near Steubenville, Ohio, May 6. 1813. Nine chil- 
dren were born of this marriage: Sarah, (Mrs. Henry Byers) Grapeville, Penn- 
sylvania; Eliza, (Mrs. Andrew Machesney) Greensburg, Pennsylvania: James, 
married Elizabeth Hanna, Pleasant Unity, Pennsylvania: Joseph W. married 
Malinda Brechbill, Greensburg, Pennsylvania; John, married Susan Geiger, 
Beatty, Pennsylvania; Margaret (Mrs. James M. Steel) Salem Township, West- 
moreland county, Pennsylvania; Mary (Mrs. Henry T. Hanna) Smithton, 

STEEL 735 

Pennsylvania; Martha (Mrs. Major David F. Mechling) Greensburg, Penn- 
sylvania ; William, of later mention. 

John Steel married (second) August 6, 1846, Mary Byers, of which marriage 
there was no issue. John Steel was a member of the United Presbyterian 
Church of New Alexandria, Pennsylvania. He died April 22, i860, and is buried 
in the Congruity Presbyterian grave-yard. 

William Steel, youngest son and child of John and Martha (Walker) Steel, 
was born on the Mount Pleasant farm, October i, 1833. He was but two years 
old when the family moved to Hannastown, and here his entire life has been 
spent. He has added many acres, by purchase, to the original farm and acquired 
large holdings of valuable real estate and coal land. He was the pioneer of 
Westmoreland county in the introduction and breeding of short-horn cattle and 
importing of pure bred draft horses, having made two trips to Scotland to 
select and purchase Clydesdale stock. Always having been identified with the farm- 
ing and stock breeding interests of the county, Mr. Steel is considered an 
authority on such matters and, although now advanced in years (1909), he still 
retains the management of the farm, ably assisted however by his son, who is 
the active head. William Steel married, April 3, i860, Sarah Jane Brown (of 
whose ancestors further mention will be made). After a married life of forty- 
six years, during which she became the mother of eleven children, all of whom, 
with one exception, survived her, Mrs. Steel departed this life March 25, 1906, 
and is buried in the cemetery at New Alexandria, Pennsylvania. She was the 
last surviving child of her parents, as her husband, William Steel, is the last of 
the children of John Steel. The children of William and Sarah J. (Brown) 
Steel were all born on the historic "Hannastown Farm" ; nearly all of them in the 
handsome country residence erected in 1866-7 by their father, William Steel. 
They are as follows: 

John Byers (of further mention); Mary Herron ( ]Mrs. George N. Coleman) 
Edgewood, (Pittsburgh) Pennsylvania; Eliza Martha (Mrs. Samuel C. Patterson) 
New Alexandria, Pennsylvania; Agnes Beattie (Mrs. George S. Barnhart) 
near Greensburg. Pennsylvania; Helen Milligan (Mrs. Samuel O. Hugus) 
Unity Township, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania; Margaret Elder (Mrs. 
Samuel B. Moore) near Latrobe, Pennsylvania; Clara Malinda, who resides at 
home; William Oliver, who died unmarried, 24 December, 1899; Joseph Walker, 
who lives at and manages the "Home Farm"; Sarah Jane, who lives at home; 
Henrietta Marie (Mrs. L. Albert Nichols) Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania. 

John B., first born and eldest son of William and Sarah J. (Brown) Steel, 
was born February 17, 1861, at Hannastown, Pennsylvania. He was country 
born and farm bred, but with an energy and an ambition that was destined to 
lead him into entirely different channels of action. His early education was ob- 
tained in the district school, and his youthful labors were those of the average 
farmer-boy of that day. The district school was supplemented by a course at 
the academy in New Alexandria, and later by one at the Greensburg seminary. 
After these years of preparatory work, he entered Geneva College as a classical 
student and was graduated therefrom with the class of 1885. He had now 
determined on the law as his profession, and accordingly entered the law office 
of Judge James A. Hunter as a student. In 1888 he was admitted to practice 
at the Westmoreland county bar. He immediately began the practice of his 

736 STEEL 

profession in Greensburg, Pennsylvania, entering the law office of the Hon. 
Welty McCullough, then member of Congress from the district. On the return 
of Mr. McCullough at the expiration of his term in the spring of 1889, 
the law firm of McCullough & Steel was formed. This partnership was 
terminated six months later by the death of Mr. McCullough. Mr. Steel con- 
tinued the business in the same office and at once sprang into a full practice 
at a bar composed of some of the best legal minds in western Pennsylvania. 
Later he admitted to partnership H. Clay Beistel, who had read under him and 
who was a former student of Dickinson Law School. Mr. Steel had always 
been a strong Republican and a leader in the propagation of the principles of 
that party. He served in 1894 as chairman of the county committee, becoming 
widely and favorably known to the leaders as well as the rank and file of the 
party. In 1899 he was the nominee of the party for judge of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, his opponent being the present incumbent, the popular Democratic 
president Judge Doty. In a total vote of about thirty thousand. Judge Doty's 
majority was one hundred seventy-one. Mr. Steel was put forward as a candi- 
date of western Pennsylvania for congressman at large against the Hon. Gal- 
usha A. Grow, but in the interest of party harmony was withdrawn and elected 
by the state convention delegate at large to the national convention that placed 
in nomination McKinley and Roosevelt for president and vice-president. When 
the Separate Orphans' Court was created in Westmoreland county, he was ap- 
pointed, April 26, 1901, to serve as president-judge until the first Monday of 
January, igo2. He was conceded the unanimous nomination of his party and 
at the November election following was elected president-judge of the Or- 
phans' Court of Westmoreland county for the full term of ten years, beginning 
the first Monday of January, 1902, which responsible office he has since filled 
with dignity and honor. His energy has brought him well earned distinction for 
the utmost' promptness in the dispatch of business, while his business judgment 
has enabled him to be of great value to the people of his county in controlling 
the immense amount of real and personal property in the hands of estates, 
guardians, trustees and others having business before his court. Beside his le- 
gal and official duties, Judge Steel has always been prominent in the business 
development of his county, banks, real estate and coal lands having been his 
principal lines of effort. He has organized several of the most important bank- 
mg properties and in financial positions has served them with zeal and ability. 
He is interested in the development and handling of the Pittsburg-Connellsville 
vein of coal in the counties of Washington and Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, 
and a recent purchase gives him several thousand acres of this same vein in 
the Captina valley, Belmont county, Ohio. Farm and town properties are also 
favorite investments. He is a member of a number of organizations ; among 
others, the Americus Club of Pittsburgh, the Sons of the Revolution, and is 
chairman of the board of trustees of the First Presbyterian Church of Greens- 
burg. He is unmarried. 

On his maternal side Judge Steel is also Scotch-Irish. The family came from 
Scotland with the covenanters and settled in northern Ireland, after the confis- 
cation act of King James. The Browns settled in County Donegal. 

M.\TTHKw Brown, the seventh grand-ancestor of Judge Steel, was captain in 
Colonel George Walker's famous Derry regiment, which rendered such valiant 

STEEL 737 

service and performed such jirodigies of valor at the siege of Londonderry and 
at the Battle of the Bovne. His sword is still jireserved as a priceless relic by 
Howard and William Brown, of Pittsburgh, two of his descendants. William 
Brown, a noted covenanter of Paxtang settlement — the uncle of the Rev. Dr. 
Matthew Brown for forty years the president of Washington College and Jef- 
ferson College, returned to Ireland in 1773 and brought over with him certain 
of his relatives and religious compatriots, among whom were Matthew Brown 
( I ) and the Rev. j\Ir. Dobbin and the Rev. Mr. Lynn. Matthew Brown ( i ) was 
the grandson of Matthew Brown of Ireland (before mentioned). He left 
County Donegal. Ireland, with his family sailing for America and landing at 
New Castle, Delaware, December 13, 1773, with the Rev. Messrs. Dobbin and 
Lynn, later of "the seceder church", who afterward founded an academy of 
learning at Gettysburg and taught the first abolition doctrine at the very spot 
which, less than a centur}- thereafter was the scene of the fiercest and bloodiest 
battle in that great civil war, waged over the establishment of the same doctrine 
they taught. Matthew Brown (i) settled at Green Castle, Franklin county, 
Pennsylvania, where he died and was buried leaving five children to survive him. 

David Brown, the great-grandfather of Judge .Steel, married Margaret Oliver 
who had been, like himself, a resident of near Londonderry, Ireland, and who 
was connected with other members of the same family in York county and 
western Pennsylvania. John, married Catherine Foster, a sister of Robin Fos- 
ter, of near New Alexandria. Pennsylvania, whose mother was Catherine White, 
moved to Sugar Creek township, Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, about 1804. 
Andrew, lived first in Butler county, Pennsylvania : sold his farm there and 
bought a mill at Nicholson Falls, at the Allegheny river, then moved to Kittan- 
ning, Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, where a part of his descendants re- 
side. Samuel, said to have moved to \'irginia. Mary, intermarried with James 
Watt. Greencastle. Franklin county, Pennsylvania. 

David, son of Matthew Brown (i) married Margaret Oliver, whose mother 
was a daughter of the Rev. Henry Erskine, of Cornhill, England, and Marian 
Halcro, of Orkney, Denmark. Her father was descended from Halcro, Prince 
of Denmark. Her great-grandmother was Lady Stewart, daughter of Robert 
Stewart, Earl of Orkney, and son of James V. of Scotland. Marian Halcro, 
(Mrs. Henry Erskine) was the heroine of the story (still told by her descendants 
and well authenticated) of an escape from premature burial. She was saved 
from this horrible death, through the cupidity of the undertaker, who opened 
her grave the night of the burial to remove from her finger a valuable ring he 
had observed there. In cutting her finger, the blood flowed and awakened her 
from a trance, mistaken for death. She afterwards became the mother of the 
two famous ministers, Ebenezer and Ralph Erskine; one of whom was the 
author of "Erskine's Sermons", and distinguished as the founder of the Se- 
ceder Church. David Brown was born July 13, 1758, and died January 
23, 1841. He took the oath of allegiance before Humphrey Fullerton, a justice 
of Franklin county, the original certificate of which is still in the possession of 
the family. David Brown purchased, 1802, a farm at the mouth of the White- 
Thorn run, near New Alexandria, Pennsylvania, now owned ( 1909) by John 
Oliver Brown. Here were born to David and Margaret Oliver Brown, who was 
born 1769, and died June 26, 1843, Mary (Mrs. Nathaniel Alexander) 
Allegheny township, Westmoreland county. Pennsylvania ; Thomas Oliver 

738 STEEL 

(grandfather of Judge Steel) ; Elizabeth (Mrs. Thomas Gailey) Clarksburg, 
Pennsylvania ; David, married Maria Beattie, Salem township, Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania; Margaret (Mrs. John M. Coleman) Elders Ridge, Penn- 
sylvania; James, married Margaret Elizabeth Wilson, Salem township, West- 
moreland county, Pennsylvania. David Brown and his wife Margaret are buried 
in the New Alexandria (Covenanter) church-yard, where he and his family were 
members ; and his property was divided between his sons, Thomas Oliver and 
James Brown. 

Thomas Oliver Brown, born February 15, 1800, died June 8, 1866, married 
(first) Nancy Beattie, born 1800, died November 8, 1839, a sister of Maria Beat- 
tie, (above mentioned) and a daughter of Robert and Martha (Welsh) Beattie, 
and granddaughter of William Beattie, of Knockbracken, near Belfast, Ireland, 
who came from a family, several of whose members were banished for partici- 
pation in the rebellion of 1798. This was fitting blood to mate with the Browns. 
The children of Thomas Oliver and Nancy (Beattie) Brown were as follows: 
Martha Welsh, (Mrs. David P. Marshall) of Arkansas City, Kansas; David 
Oliver, married Mary Stewart, Saltburg, Pennsylvania; Sarah Jane, (Mrs. Wil- 
liam Steel). (See John B. Steel) ; Maragret Erskine, (Mrs. John M. Elder) 
Derry township, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania; Nancy Ann, (Mrs. Henry 
Seanor) Gueda Springs, Kansas; Mary Elizabeth, (Mrs. James Monroe) Loyal- 
hanna township, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania. 

Thomas Oliver Brown married (second) Sarah Patterson, born September 30, 
1801, died December 30, 1857, of near New Alexandria, and (third) Margaret 
Campbell, of near West Newton. By neither of these last two unions was there 
an issue. He is buried, as is his wife Nancy (Beattie) Brown, in the Reformed 
Presbyterian (Covenanter) Church-yard, at New Alexandria, of which, like his 
ancestors, he and his children were members. All the persons mentioned in this 
Thomas Oliver Brown memoir, his ancestors and his children, are now deceased, 
the last survivor being Mrs. Sarah Jane Steel, who died March 25, 1906. 

Eliza Steel (see John B. Steel) by her marriage with Andrew iMachesney 
forms the connecting link between these two Westmoreland county families. 
The first settler, of record of the line we are following, was William Maches- 
ney, who emigrated from Tyrone county, Ireland, in the year 1786 and settled 
on a farm in Unity township, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, about half 
way between Latrobe and New Alexandria. This farm was known as the 
"William Penn Machesney Farm." 

James Machesney, brother of William Machesney, also came from Ireland 
to Pennsylvania. He settled on a farm near Pleasant Unity, Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, and has numerous descendants in the county. William 
Machesney's wife was Mary Buchanan, whom he married in Ireland. Their 
children were : John, married Miss Larimer ; Andrew, see forward ; William, 
married Betty McWherter ; Margaret, married George McWherter : Betty, mar- 
ried David Mcllvaine ; Jane, married Thomas Ferguson. 

Andrew Machesney, Sr., son of William the emigrant, was born in Ire- 
land in the year 1784, and died in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, Au- 
gust 25, 1864. He married Mary Henderson, who was born March 6, 1794, 
died January 7, 1868, and who was a daughter of William Henderson, of 
Unity township, whose farm is on the Forbes Road near Cochran's Fording. 
The Henderson family, with two exceptions, moved to Ohio, about 1830. Thir- 

STEEL 739 

teen children were born of this marriage: John, born January lo, 1811, died 
March 23, 1896, married Sarah McCullough, their home was in Salem town- 
ship, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania; William, born May 15, 1812, died 
July 20, 1890, married Elizabeth Barber, the latter years of his life he lived 
in Anawan, Henry county, Illinois ; Andrew, Jr., see forward ; Jane, born Au- 
gust 15, 1814, died November 24, 1901, married Thomas Duncan, of Indiana 
county, Pennsylvania; Alexander, born October 16, 1815, died August 31, 1904, 
in Derry, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, married Elizabeth Katen El- 
rick, who died in August, 1906, they had a married life of sixty-two years; 
James, born March 17, 1817, died March 4, 1904, in Henry county, Illinois, 
married Mrs. Selinda Johnston; Henderson, born April 5, 1818, died July 31, 
1844, unmarried; Mary, born June 6, 1819, died July 2y, 1896, a resident of 
Blairsville, Indiana county, Pennsylvania, married (first) Isaac Culbertson, and 
(second) Archibald Davis; Lewis, born May 20, 1822, died June 17, 1879, in 
Indiana, Pennsylvania, married (first) Mary Jane Larimer, and (second) Mar- 
tha McCluskey; Margaret, born May 20, 1824, died August 9, 1891, married 
John Mourer and lived in New Alexandria, Pennsylvania ; David L., born 
January 10, 1827, died July 21, 1890, married Martha Taylor, now Mrs. Mar- 
tha Morris, now living at Jacksonville, Florida; Jackson, born April 7, 1829, 
died March 6, 1894, married Elizabeth Machesney, they lived on the old 
"Home Farm" in Derry township, now owned by his son, John Machesney, 
Elizabeth Machesney now lives in Latrobe, Pennsylvania; Elizabeth, born 
March 4, 1833, died October 20, 1904, married Henry Lawbaugh and lived at 
Stuart, Iowa. 

Andrew (2), son of Andrew (i), and Mary (Henderson) Machesney 
was born near Latrobe, Pennsylvania, May 18, 1813, and died December 31, 
1890, at Greensburg, Pennsylvania. He was a very successful farmer and 
stock raiser of Unity township, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, until the 
last five years of his life, which were passed in Greensburg, Pennsylvania. He 
was a member and trustee of the Presbyterian Qiurch, of New Alexandria, 
Pennsylvania. He affiliated with the Republican party. He married, March 
9. 1848, Eliza Steel, and they were the parents of: — John Steel Machesney, who 
died aged 7 years ; William Henderson Machesney, who died aged 5 years ; 
Elizabeth Steel Machesney, resides in Greensburg, Pennsylvania, she was edu- 
cated at Blairsville and Holidaysburg, Pennsylvania, Female Seminaries, is a 
member of the First Presbyterian Church and Phoebe Bayard Chapter of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, both of Greensburg, Pennsylvania ; 
Mary Martha Machesney, married October 30, 1884, Henry Hargnett Mur- 
dock, assistant treasurer of the Barclay-Westmoreland Trust Company, of 
Greensburg, Pennsylvania, son of Daniel and Catharine (Hartman) Murdock, 
of Ligonier, Pennsylvania, and of this union were born Helen Pauline, a senior 
at Wilson College, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, and John Edgar Murdock ; 
Andrew Steel Machesney, resides on the "Homestead Farm" in Unity township, 
he is an elder of the New Alexandria Presbyterian Church and a director of 
the New Alexandria National Bank; he is a Republican in politics; he mar- 
ried September 30, 1885, Nellie Nicol, daughter of William and Catharine 
(Francies) Nicol, of McKeesport, Pennsylvania. They have three children: 
Glen Nicol, a senior in Washington and Jefferson College, Kathryn E., and 
Andrew Steel Machesney, Jr., at home. 


The late Cadwalader Biddle belonged to a family of which probably more 
representatives were prominently identified with the public affairs of the city, 
province and state than any other of the early colonial families of Philadelphia, 
from the first half century of the city's history down to the present time. (For 
early ancestry see p. i6i). 

John Biddle, youngest son of William and Lydia (Wardell) Biddle, born 
at Mount Hope, the ancestral estate of the family in Burlington county. New 
Jersey, came to Philadelphia with his brother William in 1730, and engaged 
successfully in the mercantile business there for many years. He married, 
March 3, 1736, Sarah Owen, daughter of Owen Owen, of the Welsh tract, and 
of ancient Welsh lineage, tracing back to the early kings and princes of ancient 
Britain, in Glenn's "Merion in the Welsh Tract." 

John and Sarah (Owen) Biddle had five children, viz: — Owen, the eldest, 
born 1737, died March 19, 1799, a partner with his brother Qement in the 
shipping and importing business and one of the most ardent patriots of the 
Revolution, member of the provincial Committee and Council of Safety, dele- 
gate to the several provincial conventions and conferences, member of the 
Board of War, and constantly one of the most prominent members of special 
committee of these several organizations, and a man of high scholastic and 
scientific attainments, one of the prominent men and officers of the American 
Philosophical Society, etc.; Clement, of whom presently; Ann. wife of General 
James Wilkinson; Sarah, wife of James Penrose; and Lydia, wife of the 
famous Philadelphia physician. Dr. James Hutchinson, Surgeon-general of Con- 
tinental troops, etc., during the Revolution. 

Colonel Clement Biddle, second son of John and Sarah (Owen) Biddle, 
was born at the old Biddle homestead on ]\Iarket street, between Second and 
Third streets. May 10. 1740. On arriving at man's estate he engaged in the 
shipping and importing business with his father and elder brother Owen, in 
which they were very successful, until the outbreak of the Revolution, after 
which he gave practically his whole time to the service of his country, Owen 
and Clement Biddle were among the first signers of the non-importation agree- 
ment, October 25, 1765. He assisted in organizing, and was one of the offi- 
cers of the "Quaker Light Infantry" later known as the "Quaker Blues", orig- 
inally formed to defend the town against the threatened invasion of the "Pax- 
tang Boys" at the time of the killing of the Conestoga Indians in 1763-4, 
which was re-organized in 1775. for the defense of American liberties, and 
served in the Jersey campaign. July 8, 1776. Clement Biddle was appointed 
(|uartermaster-general of the Flying Camp, composed of Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey and other bodies of militia, with the rank of colonel, and as such took 
part in the battles of Trenton, Princeton. Brandywine. and Germantown, was 
delegated by Washington to receive the swords of the surrendered Hessian 
officers at the battle of Trenton ; and during the encampment at Valley Forge 

BIDDLE 74 ( 

was active in securing supplies for the suffering soldiers, having his headquar- 
ters at "Moore Hall," Chester county, where his wife and family likewise re- 
sided. The next winter was spent with the army at Morristown, New Jersey. 
October 15, 1776, Colonel Biddle was at Amboy, New Jersey, when he was 
appointed by General Greene, as an aide de camp, and member' of his staff, and 
during the remainder of that month and November was with General Greene 
at Fort Lee, on the Hudson. He however, returned to the Delaware with the 
retreating army across New Jersey, and participated in the heroic crossing of 
the Delaware on Christmas night, and the capture of the Hessians, as before 
stated. In the fall of 1781 he was appointed by the Supreme Executive Coun- 
cil, quartermaster-general of Pennsylvania, having served previously as com- 
missary of supplies, and co-operated with his brother Owen, in securing am- 
munition and stores for the use of the army in the field, like him pledging his 
own means to secure supplies, at a time when the state and nation was bank- 
rupt. He was also appointed, November 10, 1780, United States marshal of 
the Court of Admiralty. He held this office and that of quartermaster-general 
of Pennsylvania militia, long after the close of the Revolution, officiating as 
such during the Whiskey Insurrection of 1794. He was commissioned Pro- 
thonotary of the Common Pleas Court, of Philadelphia county, September 23, 
1788, and judge of the same court in 1791, his commissions being still in pos- 
session of the family. He died in Philadelphia, July 14, 1814. 

Clement Biddle married (first), at Arch Street Friends Meeting, June 6, 1764, 
Mary, daughter of Francis Richardson. She died in 1773, and their only child 
died in childhood. He married (secondly), August 8, 1774, Rebekah Cornell, 
daughter of the Hon. Gideon Cornell, of Rhode Island, who, at his death in 
1765, held the offices of lieutenant-governor and chief justice of the province. 
Rebekah (Cornell) Biddle survived her husband seventeen years, dying Novem- 
ber 18, 1831. They had thirteen children: Francis who died young; Thomas 
of whom presently; George Washington, who died in Macon, Ohio, in 1812; 
Mary, who married General Thomas Cadwalader ; Rebekah Cornell, who mar- 
ried Dr. Nathaniel Chapman ; Colonel Clement Cornell Biddle, a distinguished 
officer in the second war for independence ; Anne, Lydia, and Sarah, who died 
unmarried ; Anne Wilkinson, who married Thomas Dunlap ; John Gideon, who 
married his cousin, Mary, daughter of Captain Charles Biddle ; James Cornell 
Biddle, of whom presently; and Edward Robert Biddle. 

Thomas Biddle, eldest surviving son of Colonel Clement and Rebekah (Cor- 
nell) Biddle, born in Philadelphia, June 4, 1776, entered the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1788, and graduated in 179 1. He was a banker and broker in Phila- 
delphia, and was one of the trustees of the University of Pennsylvania from 
1837 to his death, June 3, 1857. He was long one of the active menbers of the 
American Philosophical Society, and identified with other prominent institu- 
tions of Philadelphia. 

Thomas Biddle married, February 12, 1803, Christine \\'illiams, daughter of 
General Jonathan Williams, born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1752. In his 
youth he entered the counting house of a prominent trading and shipping firm, 
and before coming of age made several voyages as supercargo to the West 
Indies and European ports. In 1773 he was sent to England with important 
political letters to his grand uncle. Dr. Benjamin Franklin. In 1777, he was 


appointed United States commercial agent and sent to France to procure mili- 
tary supplies, joining his distinguished relative there, he remained until 1785, 
when he returned to Philadelphia with Dr. Franklin, and later held many import- 
ant positions of trust and honor there; serving several years as judge of the 
Court of Co-nmon Pleas. February 14, 1801, he was commissioned major of 
artillery, and December 4, 1801, was appointed inspector of fortifications, and 
superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New 
York. July 8, 1802, he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of engineers, and 
on February 23, 1802, promoted to the rank of colonel. With the outbreak of 
the second war for independence he was commissioned, July 31, 1812, general 
of New York militia. He returned to Philadelphia and was elected to the United 
States House of Representatives from there in 1814. He was vice-president of 
the American Philosophical Society, and contributed a number of articles to their 
annals. He was the author of a "Memoir on the Use of the Thermometer in 
Navigation", 1799; "Elements of Fortifications", 1801 ; "Kosiusco", and "Move- 
ments for Horse Artillery", 1808. 

Thomas and Christine (Williams) Biddle had five children, viz: — Clement, 
(1810-1879); Thomas Alexander, of whom presently; Henry Jonathan, (1817- 
1862), a graduate of West Point, a captain and adjutant of the Pennsylvania Re- 
serves during the Civil War, and killed at the battle of Market Cross Roads, July 
20, 1862; Colonel Alexander, of the One Hundred and Twenty-first Regiment, 
Pennsylvania \'olunteers during the Civil War, president of Board of City Trust, 
Philadelphia, manager of Pennsylvania Hospital, member of American Philo- 
sophical Society, Franklin Institute, etc. ; and Jonathan Williams Biddle, father 
of Mrs. Richard AlcCall Cadwalader, Dr. Thomas Biddle, and others of the pres- 
ent generation of the Biddle family in Philadelphia. 

Thomas Alexander Biddle, second son of Thomas and Christine (Williams) 
Biddle, was born in Philadelphia, August 23, 1814. He married, July i, 1845, 
Julia Cox, daughter of John Cox, Esq., of Philadelphia, and his wife Martha 
Lyman, and they had issue, eight children, viz: — John Cox; Henry Williams; 
Anna Sitgraves, now wife of Alexander Blair, Esq.; Alfred: William Lyman, 
of whom presently; Francis; Julia, wife of Arthur Biddle; and Frances, who 
died in infancy. 

WiLLLAM Lyman Biddle, son of Thomas Alexander and Julia (Cox) Biddle 
was born in Philadelphia, October 8, 1853. He received his elementary educa- 
tion in Dr. Ferris Select School, Philadelphia, and preparing for college at St. 
Paul's Preparatory School, Concord, New Hampshire, entered Princeton L^ni- 
versity from which he graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the class 
of 1874. -After spending two years in foreign travel he entered a broker's office in 
New York city where he spent two years, and in 1878, returned to Philadelphia 
and engaged in the brokerage business as a member of the firm with his father, 
and has since followed that business in his native city. Mr. Biddle is a mem- 
ber of the Rittenhouse, Philadelphia Country, Racquet, Corinthian Yacht, Phila- 
delphia and Rabbit Clubs, and is also a member of the Pennsylvania Society of 
the Sons of the Revolution as a descendant of Colonel Clement Biddle, before 
mcntiiined, one of the distinguished officers of Pennsylvania troops in the War of 
the Revolution. 

James Cornell Biddle. son of Colonel Clement and Rebekah (Cornell) Bid- 


die, born in Philadelphia, December 29, 1795, was a prominent member of the 
Philadelphia bar, and died in that city, August 30, 1838. He married, March 9, 
1825, Sarah Caldwell Keppele, born September 29, 1798, died March, 1877, 
daughter of Hon. Michael Keppele, and of a family long prominently identified 
with the social, political and industrial life of Philadelphia. They had issue, six 
children : — Thomas, Caldwell Keppele, Catharine Keppele, Rebecca, Colonel James 
Cornell, and Cadwalader Biddle. 

C.\Dw.\LADER Biddle, youngest child of James Cornell and Sarah Caldwell 
(Keppele) Biddle, was born in Philadelphia, October 29, 1837, and died there 
October 29, 1906. He graduated from the College department of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, in the class of 1856, and from the law department of the 
same institution in 1859, and was admitted to the Philadelphia bar in the same 
year. \ 

During the War of the Rebellion most of the men of his family were in the 
service of the country and he was obliged to remain at home and care for his 
mother and sister, but all his efforts were used for the cause of the Union. He 
was one of the younger men most active in the formation of the Union League 
of Philadelphia, and his was one of the first hundred names enrolled on the 
original membership list, and in 1865 he was a member of the Board of Directors. 
His knowledge of and interest in public affairs were wide, and his personal 
acquaintance with men of eminence very extended. His remarkable memory 
retained in minuteness the history of the momentous times through which he 
lived, but he had no desire for public office and never would enter the political 
arena. He never married and his life was spent in doing for others. He was of 
those beloved and had more friends than most, deeply attached to him, in all the 
walks of life, and throughout the state of Pennsylvania. He had three brothers 
and two sisters. The oldest brother, — 

Hon. Thomas Biddle, died in 1875, aged forty-eight years, was a lawyer, 
and married Sarah Frederica White, a descendant of the Rt. Rev. William 
White, first Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Pennsylvania. At the outbreak of 
the Civil War he served for a time as a lieutenant-colonel, but owing to physical 
disability was unable to continue to serve. His life was passed in the diplomatic 
service, which caused him to travel to all parts of the world. His personality 
won men and he rose to the rank of United States Minister and twice repre- 
sented the country in that capacity. The second brother, — 

Caldwell Keppele Biddle, a lawyer (born January 22, 1829, graduated from 
tlie University of Pennsylvania in 1846. He married Elizabeth ^lead, nee Rick- 
etts. He was distinguished as a student, was the valedictorian of his class at 
college, and in his profession eminent for his capacity and acquirement. He was 
beloved and surely rising to be among the leaders of the bar when he died at the 
age of thirty -three years. The third brother, — 

Colonel James Cornell Biddle was born on October 3, 1835, and died on 
November 2, 1898. He was a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania and 
engaged in business pursuits. He married Gertrude Gouverneur, daughter of the 
Hon. William M. Aleredith, the distinguished leader of the bar and Secretary 
of the Treasury. He served with distinction throughout the Civil War. Enlist- 
ing at the outbreak he was promoted to be an officer, and for "gallant and meri- 
torious services" on diflferent occasions, was promoted to Major and brevetted 


Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel. He was once taken prisoner. He served on 
the staffs of a number of General Officers and principally on that of General 
Meade with whom he served from May, 1863, to the surrender of General Lee. 
For General Meade he had the greatest loyalty and admiration. In a letter to 
him General Meade said, "I desire not only to evince my sense of your gallantry 
and good conduct as exhibited on that great day (Gettysburg), but to express 
my grateful sense of the cordial and kindly feelings that have always character- 
ize'd our intercourse, both official and private." The oldest sister, — 

Catharine Keppele Biddle was born on February i, 1831. She married 
William P. Tathain, a prominent and successful man in commercial affairs, and 
one who was gifted mentally. He was deeply interested in science and did all 
in his power to advance research. He numbered among his personal friends 
such men as Lord Kelvin. In recognition of his abilities he was elected president 
of the Franklin Institute, and during his administration the high prestige of the 
Institute was maintained. The youngest sister, Rebecca Biddle, was born on May 
22, 1833, ''"d died unmarried in young womanhood. 


The Mercur family in America was founded after the Revolution, and is 
of Austrian ancestry. Though but three generations from the founder, they 
already have taken prominent positions in Pennsylvania. Ulysses Mercur, son 
of the founder, and father of Rodney A., was at the time of his death an ex- 
United States congressman and Chief-justice of the Supreme Court of Penn- 
sylvania. Through the marriage of his father, with Sarah, daughter of Gen- 
eral John Davis, of Bucks county, Pennsylvania, Rodney A. Mercur derives 
an ancestry that includes the oldest and best of Bucks county families, viz: 
the Davis, Simpson, Hart. Watts and Burley clans. Mr. Mercur's Revolution- 
ary ancestor was John Davis, who served from Trenton to Yorktown, and was 
wounded in battle. A son of John Davis, also John, served in the War of 
1812, attained high political honors in his native county of Bucks, and was 
major-general of Pennsylvania militia. A son of General John was General 
W. W. H. Davis, a veteran of the Mexican and civil wars. He was also a 
well known writer of history and an authority on genealogical and historical 

The branch of the Davis family in America from whom Rodney A. Mer- 
cur descends, was founded by William Davis of Welsh and North of Ireland 
ancestors, who came from Great Britain about 1740 and settled in Solebury 
township, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, near the line of Upper Makefield. It is 
believed that he was born in London, from whence he emigrated to America. 
Nothing is positively known of his family before he came to America. Tradi- 
tion has it that William Davis had two brotliers, one of whom went to the 
West Indies, engaged in planting, made a fortune and returned to England to 
enjoy it. The other became a distinguished lawyer of London and receive<l 
the honors of knighthood. William Davis married Sarah Burley, a daughter 
of John Burley, of L'pper Makefield. Bucks county, about 1756. John Burley 
provides in his will that in case his widow shall marry "a careful, frugal man" 
she and her husband may enjoy the income from his estate until the youngest 
Burley child shall reach the age of fourteen. William and Sarah (Burley) 
Davis were the parents of seven children, all born in Bucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania: Jemima, December 25, 1758; John, September 6, 1760: Sarah, October 
I, 1763; William, September 9, 1766; Joshua. July 6, 1769: Mary, October ;v 
1771 ; and Joseph, March i, 1774. The daughters intermarried with the Slacks. 
Torbets and McNairs, all well-known Bucks county families. The widow of 
A\'illiam Davis survived him until May 10, 1819, dying, aged eighty-four years. 

John D.wis, second child and eldest son of W'illiam the emigrant and his 
wife, Sarah Burley, was born in Solebury township, Bucks county. Pennsyl- 
vania, September 6, 1760. When the quarrel between Great Britain and her 
American colonies broke into open war, John Davis was but sixteen. His 
friends and neighbors of mixed Welsh and Irish blood, were loyal to the col- 
onies, and the boy's heart was fired at hi^ country's wrongs. June 4. 1776, the 


Continental Congress ordered a "Flying Camp" established in New Jersey and 
Bucks county was called on for a quota of four hundred men. The county 
Committee of Safety appointed Joseph Hart colonel of the battalion with a 
full complement of field, staff and company officers. In one of these compan- 
ies, John Davis served as a substitute for his father. He served with these 
troops through the campaign that closed with the loss of New Jersey, and were 
discharged in December, 1776. They were in service when Washington crossed 
to the west bank of the Delaware, December 8. They were again called on De- 
cember 19, and ordered to report to General Putnam at Philadelphia, but were 
discharged later in December, 1776. John served all through these operations, 
including the "Amboy Campaign." When Washington recrossed the Delaware 
the night of Christmas day to attack the Hessians at Trenton, John Davis was 
with him. As he was not an enlisted soldier at the time, he probably went as 
a volunteer or as a substitute for his father. He frequently related the events 
of that memorable night to his interested children. Among the wounded of 
that battle was Lieutenant Monroe, afterward president of the United States. 
He was taken to the house of William Neeley, the home of John Davis. The 
young soldier was now fully fired with a soldier's ardor, and next enlisted in 
Captain Butler's company, Third Pennsylvania Regiment, Continental line, prior 
to March 12, 1777. The regiment was under command of Colonel Richard 
Butler, who became famous as a fighting officer, and as second in command, 
holding the rank of major-general, fell heroically fighting at "St. Clair's De- 
feat," November 4, 1791. John Davis served in the Second, Third, Eighth and 
Ninth Pennsylvania Regiments, the changes being caused by consolidation and 
reorganization from time to time. In the summer of 1780 Washington caused 
a light infantry corps, composed of picked men from Continental regiments in 
the field, to be organized for General Lafayette. John Davis was drawn for 
the service and placed in Captain Joseph McClellan's company. Colonel Stew- 
art's Ninth Regiment. He served with the corps until the 26th of November, 
1780, when it was disbanded and the men returned to their old regiments. He 
served all through the war, enlisted as a private, and there is no evidence of 
promotion, being one of that great host which win all battles, bear the heat 
and burden of the day alway, and rarely have justice done them. He was at 
the battle of Brandywine, where he was so fortunate as to be near General 
Lafayette when wounded, and assisted to carry him to a place of safety. He 
was at the "Massacre of Paoli", but escaped unhurt. He fought at Germantown 
and passed the dreadful winter at Valley Forge. He was with Washington at 
Monmouth, and followed the colors all through 1778, and wintered with the 
army at Morristown. He was with Wayne at Stony Point the following 
July 15, and in the attack on the Block House at "Bergen Point," New Jersey, 
July 21, 1780, was severely wounded in the foot and for a time disabled. He 
was on duty again in October, and was one of the guard around the gallows, 
when Major Andre was hanged. He was with the Pennsylvania line in 1781, 
marched for the south. May 26, participated in the siege of Yorktown. and 
witnessed the surrender of Cornwallis. The honorable record from Trenton 
to Yorktown entitled the young veteran to a land grant, and a patent therefor 
was issued, September 29, 1787, for two hundred acres near the southeast 
line of Crawford county, Pennsylvania. After his return from the war he was 



commissioned ensign in the Second Battalion of Bucks county militia, and, 
with it was called into service on one or two occasions. Later his widow was 
granted a Revolutionary pension. 

John Davis was married, June 26, 1783, by Rev. James Boyd, to Ann Simp- 
son, daughter of William Simpson, also a Revolutionary soldier. John Davis 
rented a farm in Bucks county, which he cultivated for ten years, and where 
five of his children were born. In 1795 he migrated to Maryland and settled 
near Brookville, on the Holland river, twenty miles from Washington, and 
about the same distance from Georgetown. Here he lived the life of a farmer 
for twenty-one years. Four of his nine children were born in Maryland. In 
1816, attracted by the glowing accounts of the "land of promise" beyond the 
Ohio, he journeyed by wagon to the state of Ohio, where he settled on the 
banks of the Scioto, ten miles above Columbus, and where he spent the remainder 
of his days. He was then fifty-six years of age. He prospered in his new 
home, added to his acres from year to year, enjoyed the respect of his neigh- 
bors and friends, saw his children marry and given in marriage in the com- 
munity and settle around him. He died, January 25, 1832, aged seventy-two. 
Ann, his widow, survived him, dying June 6, 1851, in her eighty-seventh year. 
The children of John and Ann (Simpson) Davis were: Sarah, born October 12, 
1784; WilHam, August 22, 1786; John, August 7, 1788. see forward; Ann, No- 
vember 6, 1790; Samuel, December, 1792, died in infancy; Joshua, June 27, 
1796; Samuel S., September, 1798; Joseph, January 27, 1803; Elizabeth, No- 
vember 18, 1805. The great majority of the descendants of John and Ann 
(Simpson) Davis live in Ohio and the West, engaged in all branches of business 
and professions. 

John, the second son of John and Ann Davis, was born in Solebury town- 
ship, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, August 7, 1788, where he lived the first seven 
years of his life. He was taken by his parents to Maryland, where he grew to 
manhood on the farm at Rock Creek Meeting House, working nine months of the 
year and going to school during the winters. He drove the great Conestoga 
wagon loaded with the farm produce to Baltimore, and he made one trip to 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, driving his team, loaded with the household goods of a 
neighbor who was going there to live. The trip took sixty days. He bought his 
time from his father when he was twenty and began farming for himself. He 
made occasional trips back to Bucks county, Pennsylvania, to see his relations, 
and on one of these visits met Amy Hart, of Southampton, whom he married 
at Davisville, March 13, 1813. This marriage changed the destiny of John Davis. 
It connected him with some of the most influential families in the county, and 
made possible his brilliant after-career that carried him to high positions of 
honor, even to the walls of congress. Amy Hart was the daughter of Josiah 
and Nancy Hart, of Southampton, Bucks county, Pennsylvania. He was the 
fourth son of Joseph Hart, a colonel of the Revolutionary army. Her father, 
Josiah, commanded a company of associators at Philadelphia. John Davis set- 
tled in Southampton in the spring of 1813, and resided in the same locality the 
balance of his long life, sixty-five years. He took a prominent position in busi- 
ness and social life immediately, he settled in Southampton, and maintained it as 
long as he lived; but it was no more than his energy, his intelligence and high 
character entitled him to. His influence increased from time to time until he be- 


came one of the most prominent citizens of the state. The War with England 
( 1812-1815 ) was now going on and Mr. Davis helped organize a company of which 
he was made ensign, Captain W' ilHam Purdy's company. He served three months 
and was honorably discharged, December 5, 1814, and returned home. His brief 
army experience awoke in him a strong taste for militarj- affairs, and he shortly 
after entered the volunteer militia, and for thirty-five years was in constant com- 
mission. During that period he held in succession the commissions of captain, bri- 
gade inspector, with rank of major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel, and was three 
times elected major-general of the division composed of Bucks and Montgomery 
counties. In 181 5 he organized the "Alert Rifles" and was commissioned captain 
by Governor Snyder, 1814, so as to cover his services in the field. In 1823 he 
was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the First Regiment, Bucks county \'ol- 
unteers, and was subsequently elected colonel. This was one of the finest mili- 
tary organizations in the state, and was maintained for over thirty years. When 
Lafayette visited the United States in 1824, Colonel Davis with his regiment 
mounted, six hundred strong, met him on September 25 at Morrisville, and 
escorted him through the company, passing through crowds of people lining both 
sides of the roads over which they passed. At Bristol where they were dined, 
Colonel Davis was presented to the general and reminded him that his father had 
assisted to carry him off the Brandywine battlefield. Lafayette remembered the 
circumstance, and said the two soldiers handled him "like a child." Colonel 
Davis was brigade inspector seven years, from August 3, 1828. In 1835 he was 
elected major-general and commissioned December 5. General Davis was a 
Democrat and belonged to the "Golden Era" of Democracy, 1820-1860. Its 
leadership was in strong hands and there was in Pennsylvania, Bucks county, an 
array of leaders seldom equalled. A few of them will be named : James Bu- 
chanan, Samuel D. Ingram, George M. Dallas, Jeremiah S. Black, Francis R. 
Shunk, George Wolf, Henry A. Muhlenberg, David R. Porter, Simon Cameron, 
James M. Porter, David Wilmot, Richard Vaux, John W. Forney, John Hick- 
man, Henry Welsh, William F. Packer, Richard Broadhead. and John O. James. 
These gentlemen with but a single exception began their political career in the 
ranks of the Democratic party. General Davis was an ardent admirer of General 
Jackson, and in the campaign between Jackson and Adams entered into the con- 
test with great warmth. In 1833 General Davis was appointed by Governor 
Wolf a member of the Board of Appraisers of Public Works, and held the office 
three years. In 1838 he was elected to congress from Bucks county, over Hon. 
Matthias Morris, who was a candidate for re-election and took his seat in the 
Twenty-sixth Congress the first Monday in December, 1839. He made some 
strong speeches that commanded instant and favorable notice and served on 
important committees. He closed his congressional career with the session of 
1840-41, and retired to private life, although he kept in constant touch with pub- 
lic affairs. He was active in county, state and federal politics, and his influence 
was felt wherever a ticket was to be nominated or elected. He was deeply 
attached to his party, and his advice in party councils was always prudent and 
timely. In the contest between James K. Polk and Henry Clay, General Davis 
threw himself into the contest with all his might. He was then still in the prime 
and vigor of his intellectual and physical manhood ; he took the stump at the 
opening of the campaign, and only hauled down his flag when the victory was 


won. When the new administration came into power, President Polk appointed 
(General Davis, surveyor of the port of Philadelphia, an office he held four years, 
making John W. Forney his deputy. General Davis was a life long friend and 
political supporter of the candidacy of James Buchanan, and advocated his elec- 
tion in good faith, but he could not support his Kansas-Nebraska policy, and the 
two old friends separated. When the election of i860 came round. General Da- 
vis, although over seventy, buckled on the armor and took the field for his per- 
sonal friend, Stephen A. Douglass. General Davis had in all these years been 
gradually accumulating, until he was the owner of a very fair estate. He and 
wife were attendants of the Southampton Baptist church, and he was on the 
board of trustees and superintendent of a Sunday school. He was one of the 
founders of the Bucks County Bible Society in 1816, and its vice-president. About 
1850 General Davis and wife connected themselves with the Baptist church at 
Hatboro just over the Montgomery county line, where he was baptized in 1862 
or 1863. In his later years he took letters to the Davisville Baptist Church. At 
the age of eighty-two General Davis represented his church at a Baptist confer- 
ence at Boston, ^Massachusetts, and greatly enjoyed his visit. He was a warm 
friend of temperance and a total abstainer the last thirty years of his life. He 
set the first example of withholding liquor from workmen and increasing their 
wages in consequence. He was intensely patriotic. Had his age permitted, he 
would have enlisted in the union army during the Civil War. General Davis died 
April I, 1878. His biographer, also his son, the late W. W. H. Davis, says: 
"There have been greater men than John Davis, but none with nobler qualities 
of head and heart, nor with higher principles, nor of whom in the discharge of 
all the duties of life it can be niore worthily said: "Well done, thou good and 
faithful servant" ". 

The only son of General John and Amy (Hart) Davis was W. W. H. Davis, 
who married, June 24. 1856, Anna Carpenter, of Brooklyn, New York. They 
were the parents of seven. The eldest daughter. Margaret Sprague, mar- 
ried Samuel A. W. Patterson, a son of Rear Admiral Thomas H. Patterson, 
U. S. N. Mrs. Davis died April 3, 1881. Mr. Davis was a graduate of Nor- 
wich Military University. He studied law and was admitted to the bar, after 
which he completed his legal studies at Dane Law School, Harvard College, 
and practiced five years. He filled many public stations. He was an officer 
of the Mexican War and of the War of the Rebellion. In the latter he was 
brevetted brigadier-general for mtritorius service at the siege of Charleston, 
South Carolina. He was four years in the civil service of the government in 
New Mexico as United States district attorney, secretary of the territory and 
superintendent of Indian affairs. He was honorary commissioner to the Paris 
Exposition in 1878, and Democratic candidate for congress in 1882, and for 
the state at large in 1884. He was appointed by President Cleveland, United 
States pension agent at Philadelphia. General W. W. H. Davis was a local 
historian of note. He was the author of a "History of Bucks County", Pennsyl- 
vania, and of many other historical and genealogical writings, including a "Life 
of John Davis" — his father, from which these pages are largely drawn. He 
also published a history of the "Hart Family" in honor of his mother. Of 
the daughters of General John and .Amy (Hart) Davis. Ann, the eldest, mar- 
ried, December 10, 1835, James Erwin, son of Oliver Erwin, who took part 


in the Irish RebeUion of 1798 and fled to America in consequence. The sec- 
ond daughter, Rebecca Davis, married Alfred T. Duffield, of Davisville, Jan- 
uary 5, 1840. The next daughters to marry were Sarah and Amy, both mar- 
ried, June 12, 1850; Sarah, see forward; Amy married Holmes Sells, a phy- 
sician of Dublin, Ohio. The fifth daughter of General Davis, Elizabeth, never 
married, and after the death of her mother in 1847, became the recognized fe- 
male head of the family. 

Sarah Simpson Davis, daughter of General John and Amy (Hart) Davis, 
was born November 10, 1822. June 12, 1850, she married Chief Justice Ulysses 
Mercur, born August 12, 1818, died June 6, 1887. Ulysses Mercur was the 
son of Henry. 

Henry Mercur was born in Klinginport, Austria, September 20, 1786. Fie 
was educated in the University of Vienna, Austria, where he spent eight 
years, terminating in 1807. He saw the victorious army of the great Napoleon 
enter Vienna in 1805. In 1809 he settled in Towanda, Pennsylvania. Septem- 
ber 10, 1810, he married Mary Watts, who bore him six children. Henry Mer- 
cur died in 1868. 

Ulysses Mercur, son of Henry and Mary (Watts) Mercur, was born in 
Towanda. He graduated from Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, 
in 1842, and studied law with Edward Overton, and was admitted to the 
Pennsylvania bar in 1843, commencing practice in Towanda. He was a presi- 
dential elector on the Lincoln Republican ticket in i860, and was appointed 
president judge of the Thirteenth Judicial District of Pennsylvania in March, 
1861, to fill out the unexpired term of David Wilmot, United States senator- 
elect. At the election in November following, Judge Mercur was elected to 
succeed himself for the full term of ten years, but resigned, March 4, 1865, 
to accept an election to congress, where he served from 1865 till December 2, 
1872, resigning his seat in the Forty-first Congress to return to the bench, where 
lie served as Associate-justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania from 1872 
to 1883, when he was elevated to the highest judicial office of the state, Chief- 
justice of the Supreme Court. He held this exalted office until his death, June 
6, 1887. He was a man of highest personal character, and a learned and able 
jurist. He rendered many important decisions both as Associate- and Chief-jus- 
tice that have become fundamental laws of the state. He was very careful in 
his decisions and gave each subject submitted to him the most exhaustive exam- 
inations, and never wrote an opinion until he was satisfied of the exact law bear- 
ing on it from every possible point of contention. His judicial opinions were 
published in the Pennsylvania reports, 1873-1887. Judge Mercur died in Wal- 
ingford, Pennsylvania. Chief-justice Ulysses Mercur married, as stated, Sar- 
ah S., daughter of General John Davis, and had sons : Rodney, see forward ; 
James Watts and Ulysses, all practicing lawyers ; another son, John D. Mer- 
cur, is a physician. 

Rodney Augustus Mercur, son of Judge Ulysses and Sarah T. (Davis) 
Mercur, was born in Towanda, Pennsylvania, September 29, 185 1, where he 
has always resided. He is a lawyer. He was educated at Susquehanna Col- 
legiate Institute ; the Hopkins Grammar School, New Haven, Connecticut ; Phill- 
ips Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire, and Harvard University. He mar- 
ried, June 12, 1879, Mary daughter of James W., and Louise (Overton) Ward, 


a great-great-granddaughter of George Clymer, the Signer. Mr. Mercur was 
admitted to the Bradford county bar in 1875, to the United States circuit and 
district courts, in 1876, to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, in 1878, and to the 
Supreme Court of United States, in 1905, and has since been engaged in active 
practice. From 1887-89 he was a register in bankruptcy for the Western 
District of Pennsylvania. He is senior warden of Christ's Church and chan- 
cellor of the diocese of Bethlehem, and was a lay deputy to the General Con- 
vention of Protestant Episcopal Church in 1886-89-92-95-98 and 1907. He 
is director in Towanda Gas and Cemetery Associations ; trustee of Robert 
Packer Hospital, Sayre, Pennsylvania ; member of the Society of Colonial Wars, 
Pennsylvania Society of Sons of Revolution, the Society of War of 1812, 
American, Bradford county and Tioga Point Historical Societies ; American 
Bar Association, the Pennsylvania State Bar Association, of which he was a 
charter member, and the Bradford County Bar Association, of which he is 
president; and a member of the Union League Club of Philadelphia. He is a 
Republican in politics. 


The Revolutionary descent of James H. Fisher is from Lieutenant Jonathan 
Fisher who served from Massachusetts. This branch of the family dates back 
in America to the year 1637 when Anthony Fisher (2), son of Anthony Fisher 
(I), landed in New England from the ship "Rose," and settled in Dedham. 
Massachusetts. He was baptized m Syleham, England, in the month of April 
1591. Anthony Fisher was of the parish of Syleham, Covmty Suffolk, England, 
where he lived on the south bank of the VVaveny river, which separates Suf- 
folk from Norfolk county, on a freehold estate called "Wignotte." Anthony 
Fisher (2) was one of the original lot owners and subscribed to the Dedham 
"Covenant," July 18, 1637. A part of his lot holdings in the town of Dedham, 
is still owned by his descendants. He served in the French and Indian War, 
of 1652, with the rank of lieutenant. He was a member of the Dedham Church, 
but according to the records of that church, was not "comfortably received into 
the church until March 1645, on account of his proud and haughty spirit." He 
was made a freeman in May, 1645 ; was chosen selectman in 1646 and 1647, 
county commissioner, September 3, 1660, and elected a deputy of the General 
Court, May 2, 1649. March 5, 1666, he was chosen commissioner and in De- 
cember 1671, was again elected selectman. According to the town records of 
Dedham of that period we find that "In Anthony Fisher we find an English- 
man of strong positive points of character, with liberal means for the times 
and favorable considerations by his fellow settlers, as a citizen." His wife was 
Isabel, widow of Edward Beck, of Dorchester, and their children were all prob- 
ably born in England. 

Anthony Fisher, son of Anthony, was born in England and was part of 
the family emigration to Massachusetts in the year 1637. He died July 13, 1670. 
He was made a freeman, May 6, 1646, joined the Dedham Church, July 20, 
1645, was chosen surveyor of Dedham in 1652, and served two years. He re- 
moved to Dorchester where he was a selectman in 1664. In 1644 he was made 
a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Boston. He 
was prominent in the public affairs of Dedham and Dorchester, and in the im- 
provement of lands at Wollomonopoog. Anthony Fisher (3) married, in Ded- 
ham, September 7, 1647, Johanna Faxim. They had issue:— 

JosiAH Fisher, son of Anthony and Johanna (Faxin) Fisher, was born in 
Dedham, Massachusetts. May 11, 1654. and died there April 12, 1736. He was 
made a freeman in 1683, selectman in 1697, and representative to the General Court 
m 1699. He married, November 27. 1679, Mehitable Bullen or Butting and 
had issue: — 

Josi.'VH Fisher, son of Josiah and Mehitable (Bullen) Fisher, was born at 
Dedham, November 25, 1683, and died February 24, 1763. He was a captain 
of militia and selectman of Dedham, 1736-37-38-39-40-42 and 43. He married 
at Dedham. September 25. 1707, Elizabeth Avery, daughter of Deacon William 

FISHER . 753 

and Elizabeth (White) Avery. She was born in Dedham May i6, 1684, and 
died there August 7, 1747. They had issue: — 

Jonathan Fisher, son of Josiah and EHzabeth (Avery) Fisher, was born 
in Dedham, August 5, 1743. He was the administrator of his father's estate 
and in setthng the estate, sold the old Dedham family homestead. He removed 
to New Braintree and settled in that part of the town now included in West 
Hampton, where he died, October 23, 1796. Abner Smith, the first settler of 
West Hampton built his second house near the Fisher home, which he sold to 
Jonathan Fisher about 1770. This property still remains (1909) in the Fisher 
family, descending from Jonathan to Aaron, from Aaron to Jarius the present 
owner. He married, December 21, 1737, Mary Richards, and had issue. 

Jonathan Fisher, son of Jonathan and Mary (Richards) Fisher, was born 
in Dedham, Massachusetts, November 25, 1743, and died in camp at Mor- 
ristown. New Jersey, while in the service of his country, March 10, 1777. He 
was dismissed from the church at Dedham to the church at New Braintree, 
June 8, 1776. He was a commissioned officer of the Colonial Army before the 
Revolution but in 1775 resigned. He enlisted in the army under General Wash- 
ington in 1776. He was commissioned second lieutenant of the Fifth Com- 
pany, Second Regiment, Massachusetts militia, April 5, 1776. Captain Jonathan 
Wales, Major John Chester Williams, Colonel Seth Pomeroy were his com- 
manding officers. His lieutenant's commission is in possession of Mrs. Eve- 
lyn Foster Fisher, widow of Rev. James Boorman Fisher of New Paltz, Ulster 
county, New York. He served in the army continuously and shared all its mis- 
fortunes until the winter in Morristown, New Jersey. During that period of 
suffering and privation he contracted a fever from which he died at Morris- 
town, March 10, 1777. He was a man described as "greatly beloved and re- 
spected by his companions for his uprightness of character and the Christian 
manliness of his life." Lieutenant Jonathan Fisher married, at Dedham, Octo- 
ber 2, 1766, Catherine Avery, eldest daughter of Deacon William and Bethia 
(Metcalf) Avery of Dedham. She was a sister of Rev. Josiah Avery, the 
well known Congregational minister of Holden, Massachusetts. She was a 
most remarkable woman. She was left a widow, young in life, with six young 
children (the eldest not ten). She reared this family and those who arrived 
to maturity became noted in New England annals. One of the sons was Rev. 
Jonathan Fisher the elder. He excelled in everything he undertook. He wrote 
a book on the "Birds and Animals of New England", illustrating it himself. 
He was a surveyor, and ran the town lines of Blue Hill and other towns. Fie 
was a minister of the Gospel and an excellent Hebrew scholar. He manufac- 
tured and mixed the colors with which to paint his houses and barns. He was 
a graduate of Harvard College, class of 1792, and was licensed to preach in 
Brookline, Massachusetts. He became pastor of the Blue Hill, Maine, Congre- 
gational church, July 13, 1796. We quote from a beautiful story of this town 
of Blue Hill, entitled "A Down East Village and Memorable Pastorate", the 
description of Rev. Fisher: 

"It would be instructive to know how much of the quiet and good order, is the result 
of the faithful, prolonged ministry, of their first pastor, the Rev. Jonathan Fisher, who 
came into the place when it was a wilderness, in 1793, and for forty-one years, was settled 
over the parish and whom the venerable Doctor Bond pronounced, the 'most remarkable 


man he ever knew.' He was an author, an artist and a poet, and he was one of the founders 
and builders of the Bangor Theological Seminary. He is spoken of as a remarkable man, a 
good farmer, a carpenter, a clockmaker, a portrait painter, a wood engraver, a poet, and 
well versed in Hebrew. He wrote three thousand sermons, was an early riser, a great 
walker, a faithful Christian. Under him the town became noted for industry, good morals 
and religious principles. When preaching at a salary of two hundred dollars a year and 
certain wood, etc., in all not amounting to more than three hundred dollars, he brought 
up a family of seven children, sent his daughter to boarding school, gave one son. Rev. 
Josiah Fisher of Princeton, New Jersey, a liberal education, and saved enough money to 
pay the debt contracted, while getting his own education. He invented a shorthand, in which 
he wrote his three thousand sermons." 

Rev. Samuel Fisher D. D., second son of Lieutenant Jonathan and Cath- 
erine (Avery) Fisher, was born about the year 1770, at New Braintree, Massa- 
chusetts. He was graduated at Williams College in the year 1799, and was 
licensed to preach by the Berkshire Session of the Presbyterian Church, October 
3, 1804. His first pastorate was at Wilton, Connecticut, where he was ordained 
October 31, 1804. In 1809 he was sent by the General Assembly of Connecti- 
cut, to rej^resent that body in the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church 
at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was next, pastor of the church at Morris- 
town, New Jersey, and then was settled over the congregation of the First 
Presbyterian church at Paterson, New Jersey. The degree of D. D. was con- 
ferred upon him by the College of New Jersey (Princeton) in the year 1827, 
for his "piety, deep learning and valuable services to his church." He was the 
first moderator of the New School division of the General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church in 1837, at the time of the division between the old and 
new schools. He was a learned theologian and an eloquent pulpit orator. Rev. 
Samuel Fisher married, August 22, 1805, Alice Cogswell, only child of Dr. James 
and Elizabeth (Davenport) Cogswell, of Preston, Connecticut. Her mother. 
Elizabeth Davenport, was the daughter of John Davenport the "Dark Day" man, 
celebrated in Whittier's poem of John Davenport. Dr. Cogswell, her father, 
was a son of Rev. James and Alice Cogswell, of Windham, Connecticut, and the 
brother of Dr. Mason Fitch Cogswell, the founder of the Hartford Asylum for 
Deaf Mutes. Dr. Cogswell was a prominent Revolutionary patriot of Connec- 
ticut and rendered valuable service. Rev. Samuel Fisher and his wife Alice 
Cogswell, were the parents of sons Samuel Ware and James Cogswell Fisher. 
The elder, Samuel Ware Fisher, became president of Hamilton College, Ohio, 
and was one of the committee of reunion, appointed at St. Louis, in 1870, to 
bring about the union of the old and new school branches of the Presbyterian 
Church. He was also moderator of the General Assembly of the church, which 
met at Cleveland, Ohio, when the Southern Synod withdrew and formed them- 
selves into a separate body. The Fisher family is one of eight or nine families 
in the United States who have had the honor of furnishing two moderators of 
the Presbyterian General Assembly. 

Dr. J.AMES Cogswell Fisher, youngest of the two sons of Rev. Samuel and 
Elizabeth (Cogswell) Fisher, was born in Wilton, Connecticut, April 6, 1808. 
He entered Yale at the age of fourteen and was graduated with the class of 
1826. He entered the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, 
and was graduated from there in the year 1831. In 1836 Dr. Fisher was ap- 
pointed to the chair of chemistry and mineralogy in the University of New 
York. He was associated with Prof. S. B. Morse in the construction and intro- 
duction of the electric telegraph. Dr. Fisher always claimed that he was the 


first to suggest stretching the wires on poles to avoid the great cost of pulling 
them in pipes underground, which seemed at first likely to prevent the telegraph 
coming into general use. Subsequently he was associated with Colonel Samuel 
Colt in experiments in electricity applied to submarine purposes, during the 
course of which he blew up several old vessels in New York Harbor. At the 
outbreak of the Civil War he offered his services and was appointed surgeon of 
the regiment of Fifth New Jersey Volunteers, and afterwards brigade surgeon 
of the Second New Jersey Brigade. Upon the abolishment of the rank of bri- 
gade surgeon, he was appointed medical director of Heintzelman's division of 
Sumner's Corps and served on the staff of Generals Patterson and Hooker. He 
was appointed medical inspector of the Veteran Reserve Corps, Department of 
the Gplf, and served with General Banks on his Red River expedition. He was 
surgeon in charge at Springville Landing, below Port Hudson, before and at 
the time of the surrender and all the wounded of both armies, passed under his 
supervision. He was subsequently surgeon in charge of Camp Parole at An- 
napolis, Maryland, during the time of the exchange of the ten thousand prison- 
ers, from Southern prisons about the time the war was closing. He was hon- 
orably mustered out of service, January 9, 1865, with the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel. Dr. Fisher had a remarkable mind and his memory was phenomenal. 
He was called the "Walking Encyclopedia," by his friends. He attended the fif- 
teenth reunion of his class at Yale in 1876, dying five years later in 1881, and 
is buried in the family plot at Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
Dr. Fisher was like his ancestors a faithful member and ruling elder of the 
Presbyterian church. Doctor James C. Fisher married, at Paterson, New Jer- 
sey, May 9, 1831, Eliza Sparks, daughter of Major Samuel Sparks, a shipping 
merchant of Philadelphia, and a veteran of the War of 1812, in which he reached 
the rank of major. Dr. and Mrs. James C. Fisher were the parents of several 
children, among them being Samuel S. and James H. Fisher. Samuel S., the 
eldest son, studied law under Judge Taft, (father of President Taft), of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and became a lawyer of national reputation. He was colonel of 
the One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and commis- 
sioner of patents, appointed by President U. S. Grant. He served for eighteen 
months, when he resigned in August, 1874. While boating on the Susquehanna 
river with his son Robert, their canoe capsized at the Falls of the Connewago 
below Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and Colonel Fisher was drowned. A daughter 
of Dr. James S. Fisher, Alice Cogswell Fisher, resides in Washington, D. C. 
She is the fourth Alice Cogswell in the Fisher family, named from Alice Cogs- 
well, a deaf mute, who was educated and taught to speak by Prof. E. M. Gal- 
laudet. A monument that records the fact stands in Washington, D. C. 

James Henry Fisher, sixth son of Dr. James C. and Eliza (Sparks) Fisher, 
was born at 1313 Chestnut street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 2, 1845. 
His early education was obtained in the public schools of Philadelphia and he 
prepared for Princeton College at Burlington, New Jersey, under Professor 
Gummere. He graduated from Princeton, class of 1867. His profession is that 
of civil engineer and surveyor. He located in Scranton, Pennsylvania, where 
he was for thirteen years surveyor of the real estate department of the Delaware 
& Hudson Company. At present his duties are largely the purchase of rights 
of way for different corporations, the preparation of important mining and land 


cases for trial, and the abstracting of titles. Mr. Fisher preserves the versatil- 
ity as well as the tastes and talents of his ancestry. He is a Presbyterian in 
religion and a Republican in politics. He has been city editor of the Scranton 
Republican and secretary of the Board of Trade. He is a member of the 
Princeton Alumni Association of Northeastern Pennsylvania, Secretary of the 
New England Society of Northeastern Pennsylvania, secretary of the Lacka- 
wanna Institute of History and Science, member of the Scranton Engineers' 
Club, The Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, Sons of the Revolution, 
member of the Loyal Legion, member of the Society of the War of 1812, The 
Scranton Qub, the Westmoreland Club of Wilkes-Barre, and Sigma Chapter 
of the College fraternity Chi Phi. He married, at Scranton, August 24, 1899, 
Alice Marie Falkenburg, widow of Wallace J. Falkenburg. She is the daugh- 
ter of De Wayne Norton, of Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, and his wife Hannah 
Annis Church. This remarkable family record shows veterans in every war 
this country ever waged against a foreign foe, from Anthony the emigrant, who 
was a lieutenant in the French and Indian War of 1652. It shows men and 
women of more than ordinary prominence in every generation. In the profes- 
sions, there have been noted names in each generation, ministers, lawyers, phy- 
sicians and professors of learning. By intermarriage they are connected with 
many lines of the best Colonial and Revolutionary blood of New England. The 
two generations in Pennsylvania have fully sustained the family name and it is 
a matter of public regret, that Samuel S. Fisher met his untimely accidental 
death, so early in life. 


The Revolutionary ancestors of Levi E. Waller, of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania, served from the states of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Pennsylvania. 
His great-grandfather, Nathan Waller, was in a Connecticut regiment. Dr. David H. 
Jewett, father of Elizabeth Jewett, his grandmother, was field and staff surgeon 
with both Massachusetts and Connecticut regiments. His maternal great-grand- 
parents were Hon. John Hopkins, of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, a lieuten- 
ant under Colonel David Watson, and the Hon. Nathaniel EUmaker, also of 
Lancaster county, who served with the company commanded by Captain Mc- 
Cormick and both were Pennsylvania senators. The Waller family name is 
first of record in New England in 1632. 

Joseph Waller, of Boston, Massachusetts, removed about 1669 to Fair- 
field, Connecticut, where a daughter Lydia was born, and where he died in 1672. 

Joseph, only son of Joseph Waller, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1669. He married and reared a family of five sons and seven daugh- 
ters, and was a large land owner. He was in 1719 one of the original proprie- 
tors and a resident of Litchfield, Connecticut, celebrated among other things as 
being the home of the Miss Pierce School for Girls, and of Judge Reeves' law 
school, the first schools of their kind in the new world. Of his twelve chil- 
dren Phineas was the youngest son. 

Phineas Waller, son of Joseph Waller, was born October 31, 1717, at 
Litchfield, Connecticut. In 1738 he was an original proprietor of Cornwall in 
the Housatonic Valley. He was Deacon successively of the First and Second 
churches of Cornwall. Later in life he removed with his family to the (then) 
Western country. His wife was Rhoda Taylor, daughter of Nathan and Han- 
nah (Benedict) Taylor, who bore him five sons and five daughters. She died 
at the home of her eldest son Nathan, at Oquago, on the Susquehanna River 
in New York. The sons were Nathan, Levi, Ashbel, Daniel, Joseph, four of 
whom were Revolutionary soldiers. 

Nathan, eldest of the five sons of Phineas and Rhoda Waller, was born in 
Cornwall, Connecticut, March 7, 1753, died in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, July 
II, 1 83 1. He left Connecticut at an early age and settled in the Wyoming Val- 
ley, Pennsylvania, where he was married. May 4, 1773. In 1775 Nathan Wal- 
ler visited Connecticut with his wife Elizabeth and infant son Phineas. There 
he enlisted in the Revolutionary army as private of Captain Hickock's Com- 
pany, Colonel Nehemiah Beardsley's Sixteenth Regiment of the Connecticut Line. 
He was with the expedition to Fairfield and Danbury, Connecticut, in 1779 and 
was wounded at Horse Neck, the scene of General Putnam's famous escape 
from the British. His brother Levi enlisted at eighteen and died in the service 
at Princeton, New Jersey, in 1778. Ashbel, a third brother, served in the Sec- 
ond Regiment, Connecticut Line, and Daniel, a fourth, was in the Sixteenth Con- 
necticut. These three, with Joseph, the youngest, were all settled in the Wyom- 
ing Valley, Pennsylvania, prior to 1800. Three of them, Ashbel, Joseph and 


Daniel, passed on and settled in Western New York and Ohio. After the war 
ended Nathan Waller returned with his family to Wyoming. He became the 
owner of much property above, below and in the city of Wilkes-Barre. Before 
1787 he built upon his lower farm the house that is still standing across the 
western end of Division Street, Wilkes-Barre, which was then a road that led 
to the only river crossing. He was a man of powerful physique, and killed a 
bear in an encounter upon his lands at the Plains witliout weapons other than 
a pine knot he seized for defense. His name appears frequently in the very 
early records of Luzerne county, and in 1792, with Zebulon Butler and Timothy 
Pickering, was of the committee appointed by the town of Wilkes-Barre to 
choose a site for the Rev. Mr. Johnson's Congregational Church. The site se- 
lected was on the public square, whereon a little later was erected the building 
familiarly known as the "Old Ship Zion". Early in the nineteenth century Na- 
than Waller sold his South Wilkes-Barre farm and bought the large Putnam 
Catlin farm, on the banks of the Susquehanna at Oquago, now within the limits 
of the town of Windsor, Broome county. New York, and removed there with 
part of his family. In 1822 Nathan induced his son Phineas to exchange farms 
and take the Oquago farm, while he returned to Wilkes-Barre, where he resided 
until his death in his seventy-ninth year. 

Nathan Waller married, in Wilkes-Barre, May 4, 1773, Elizabeth Weeks, born 
March 6, 1754, daughter of Jonathan Weeks, a resident pioneer from Fair- 
field, Connecticut, of whom it is recorded that on "Feb 12 1763 paid cash for 
one whole share in the Susquehanna Purchase". Jonathan made his first jour- 
ney to the Wyoming Valley in that year, and from his house in July, 1778, seven 
men, including his three sons and son-in-law, went into the battle and massacre 
of Wyoming and were all slain. Mrs. Elizabeth (Weeks) Waller died Septem- 
ber 18, 1822, while the family were living on the Oquago farm in New York. 
Nathan and Elizabeth (Weeks) Waller were the parents of two sons and eight 
daughters. The sons were Phineas (see forward), and Elind R., who died at 
Wilkes-Barre, April 26, 1814, at the home of his brother Phineas, in his thirty- 
eighth year. Lydia, the eldest daughter, married (first), in 1806, Robert Chris- 
tie, and (second) Major Elijah Blackman. Lucy, the next eldest daughter, 
married in 1806, Philip Abbott. Their son Merritt became assistant superin- 
tendent of the Lehigh Navigation Company, and his daughter Stella married E. 
P. Wilbur, president of the Lehigh Vall&y Railroad Company. Elizabeth, next 
to the youngest, married Miller Horton, one of the three brothers who owned 
mail coachlines in New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey, carrying mails and 
passengers during what we now call the "Stage Coach Days". The other daugh- 
ters married in New York and removed to the far west. 

Phineas, first born of Nathan and Elizabeth (Weeks) Waller, was born in 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, January 31, 1774, died at Bloomsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, June 3, 1859. He acquired property at Wilkes-Barre, where he built a 
home, and lived until 1823, when he removed to his father's Oquago farm, and 
established a line of mail coaches which carried the mails between Utica and 
New York City by way of Oquago (Windsor), New York, and Mt. Pleasant, 
Pennsylvania. In 1836 Phineas returned to the Wyoming Valley, where he 
made additional land purchases. He died in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, in his 
eighty-sixth year. Phineas Waller married (first), January 2, 1800, Hannah 

WALLER ' 75g 

Bradley, born October 20, 1772, died October 4, 1810. She was a daughter of 
Abraham, and sister of Abraham and Dr. Phineas Bradley, who were first and 
second assistant postmaster generals until the time of President Jackson. Three 
sons were born at Wilkes-Barre to Phineas Waller by his first wife: i. Abra- 
ham Bradley, born October 11, 1800, died June 26, 1867, in Delaware. He mar- 
ried Frances, daughter of General Webb, of Connecticut. 2. Natlian P., born 
March 30, 1807, died June 30, 1884, in Wisconsin, where he was a well known 
member of the State Legislature. He married Mahala Edwards. 3. William 
Lindsey, born July 6, 1810, died July 9, 1887, in Washington, D. C, where 
he was long in the government service in the Treasury Department. He mar- 
ried Louisa Bonham, of Corning, New York. Their son. Rev. William B. Wal- 
ler, of Greenwich, Connecticut, married. May 3, 1876, Jennie, daughter of Rev, 
Doctor Schenck, of Philadelphia. Phineas Waller, married (second), March 
31, 1814, Elizabeth Jewett, of New London, Connecticut, born October 9, 1790; 
died in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, February 21, 1859. She was the daughter 
of Dr. David Hibberd Jewett and wife Patience Bulkley (see Jewett). Their 
children were all born in Wilkes-Barre, Dr. Jewett was also owner of a share 
of the Susquehanna Company. Three sons of Phineas and Elizabeth (Jewett) 
Waller were all in later life well known members of the bench, bar and pul- 
pit. The eldest son, David Jewett, will have later mention. The second child 
was Harriet, born February 10, 1817, and died April 3, 1887. She married, in 
May, 1865, Rev. Silas M. Andrews, D. D., of Doylestown, Pennsylvania, and 
died without issue. The second son and third child was Charles Phillips, born 
August 7, 1819, and died August 18, 1882. He was president-judge of the 
Twenty-second Judicial District of Pennsylvania, and lived at Honesdale, Penn- 
sylvania. He married, April 5, 1845, Harriet Ward Stone and had: i. Eliza- 
beth Jewett, who married William H. Stanton and had Harriet, who married 
Ralph Martin, and Katherine, who married John Edward Barbour of Paterson, 
New Jersey. 2. Mary Stone, married Harry Crowell and has Waller and Eliz- 
abeth W., of Newark, New Jersey. The third son and fourth child was George 
Grant, born May 3, 1821, and died December 4, 1888. He was for more than 
thirty-five years a leading lawyer of Honesdale, Pennsylvania. He married, Oc- 
tober II, 1854, Lizzie J. Bently, and has a daughter Bessie, who married Robert 
Xeely, of Germantown, Pennsylvania. 

David Jewett Waller, eldest son and child of Phineas and Elizabeth (Jew- 
ett) Waller, was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, January 16, 1815. He 
was educated at Wilkes-Barre Academy, Williams College, Massachusetts, and 
Princeton Theological Seminary. He was graduated from Williams, class of 
1834, and from Princeton in 1837. In 1838 became pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church at Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, with an extensive dependent territory, 
since divided into many pastorates. He was particularly interested in the cause 
of education and was instrumental in establishing a classical school at Blooms- 
burg, of which his brother, Charles P., then a law student, was principal. This 
school became, in 1867, The Bloomsburg Literary Institute, and in 1872 was 
merged into the State Normal School of the Sixth District. Mr. Waller was 
elected a member of the Board of Foreign Missions by the General Assembly 
of Presbyterian church in 1865 ; and as a trustee of Lafayette College chosen by 
the Synod of Philadelphia in 1849, he served for thirty years. He continued 


his pastorate until 1871, when he met with an accident while driving, which com- 
pelled him to use crutches the rest of his life. He resigned his pastorate, but 
was afterward active in the construction of the present stone church, and was 
the chief contributor. About this time he drew a charter for a railroad from 
Wilkes-Barre along the south bank of the Susquehanna to Bloomsburg and thence 
to Williamsport, named the North and West Branch Railroad. The charter was 
granted by the state legislature and the road built. Mr. Waller was elected pres- 
ident of the company and held the position until his death. This road is now 
a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Upon the material interests of his adopted 
home, by the laying out and grading of broad streets and extensive tree plant- 
ing, by the erection of private buildings and furthering the erection of public 
ones, and by aiding the introduction of manufactories, Mr. Waller exerted an 
educational influence which has proved most beneficial to that prosperous county 
seat — Bloomsburg — whose courts adjourned and whose business was suspended 
on the occasion of his funeral. Mr. Waller survived his golden wedding four 
and one-half years. Rev. David Jewett Waller married, May 23, 1839, in Phil- 
adelphia, Julia Ellmaker, born October 11, 1817, in Philadelphia, and died in 
Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, September 25, 1905. She was the youngest daugh- 
ter of Levi and Hannah (Hopkins) Ellmaker (see Ellmaker and Hopkins). 
Three sons and three daughters were born in Bloomsburg to Rev. and Mrs. Da- 
vid J. Waller. 

Hannah, born August 30, 1840, and died in Columbus, Nebraska, 1873. She married 
Colonel M. Whitmoyer and left a daughter Laura Chaire, who married, June 30, 1904, 
Dr. Joseph Reifsnyder, of Scranton, Pennsylvania. 

David Jewett Jr., born June 17. 1846, a graduate of Lafayette College and Union Theo- 
logical Seminary, ex-superintendent of public instruction, principal of the Indiana 
(Pennsylvania) Normal School, and now principal of the Normal School at Blooms- 
burg, Pa. David J. Waller married, May 14, 1874, Anna Appleman and had David J. 
(3), born October 20, 1876, and died November 16, 1895; Mabel, born March 7, 1878, 
married at Indiana, Pa., James Mack; Lizzie, born April 7, 1880; Margaret, born 
June 20, 1882; Robert, born March 9, 1884; and Harriet, born December 20, 1886. 

Levi Ellmaker (see forward). 

George Phillips, born April 2, 1854. He received his classical education at Andover, 
Massachusetts, and Franklin and Marshall College. His professional course of study 
was pursued at Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. He was for many years 
physician and surgeon for the Chicago and North Western Railroad Company, in 
Nebraska. He is now resident of Los Angeles, California. He married. May 3, 1877, 
Etta J. Campbell and has Horace N., born September 5, 1881, married in Los Angeles, 
Cal., Maud Wood ; and George P., born May 22, 1884. 

Julia Ellmaker, born December 12, 1855. She married, April 26, 1882, Charles W, Hand, 
former treasurer of the Presbyterian Board of foreign missions. They reside in 
Brooklyn, New York, and have Laura, born June 14, 1885; Charlotte, born July 18, 
1887; Julia, born April 8, 1890; and Dorothy, born May 4, 1895. 

Laura Pettit, born September 2, 1858, unmarried, resides in Brooklyn, New York. 

Levi Ellmaker Waller, second son and third child of David J. and Julia 
(Ellmaker) Waller, was born July 16, 185 1. He was graduated from Lafayette 
College, class of 1873. He attended Columbia Law School, New York, and 
read in the law office of United States Senator Charles R. Buckalew, of Blooms- 
burg, Pennsylvania. In addition to his general practice, he has been counsel up- 
wards of twenty-five years for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company and the 
Pennsylvania Canal Company; also for the Bloomsburg and Sullivan Railroad 
Company. He is a director of the latter company, and of the North and West 
Branch Railroad Company; also a trustee of the State Normal School of the 


sixth district. He has borne an active part in the founding and development of 
many of the institutions and manufacturing industries of his native town, its 
steam and electric roads, it gas and electric light, heat and water systems. Mr. 
Waller is a member of the Society of Mayflower Descendants; The University 
Club; The Sons of the Revolution; Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, 
and other organizations. Levi Ellmaker Waller married, at Bloomsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, October 12, 1881, Alice M. Buckalew, born November 24, 1856, daugh- 
ter of United States Senator Charles R. Buckalew and his wife Permelia Wads- 
worth. Senator Buckalew, born December 28, 1821, died May 19, 1899, was an 
influential statesman of Pennsylvania, whose life was largely spent in the service 
of his state and the United States. He was a lawyer of wide reputation, and 
author of a work on the constitution of Pennsylvania. He was elected United 
States Senator from Pennsylvania, in 1863, and served the term of six years. He 
was also member of Congress, State Senator, foreign minister, etc. His immi- 
grant ancestor, Francis Buckalew, came to Long Island in 1663. His wife Per- 
melia (Wads worth) Buckalew, descended in the sixth generation from Captain 
Joseph Wadsworth who saved the Connecticut Charter by hiding it in the "Hart- 
ford Oak", October 31, 1687. She was a daughter of Rev. Epaphras and Char- 
lotte (Stevens) Wadsworth, and a granddaughter of Epaphras Wadsworth, a 
solider of the Revolution and his wife Desdemona Marshall. Mrs. Buckalew 
died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. L. E. Waller, Wilkes-Barre, February 
20, 1903. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Levi E. Waller; Jean 
Buckalew, born October 22, 1884; Charles Buckalew, born February 14, 1890. 
The family reside at the corner of Northampton and South River Streets, 


The Colonial and immigrant ancestor of Mr. Patterson was James Patterson, 
a native of Scotland, and his revolutionary ancestor was Amos Patterson, who 
was of the fourth generation of the family in America (see forward). The 
line of descent to Joseph E. Patterson is as follows: (I) James of Scotland. 
(II) Joseph of Billerica, Massachusetts. (Ill) Joseph of Watertown, Massa- 
chusetts. (IV) Amos, the Revolutionary ancestor. (V) Chester of Richmond, 
Massachusetts. (VI) Joseph Emmett. 

James Patterson was a native of Scotland and was born about 1633. He 
was one of the prisoners of war taken by Cromwell, probably at the battle of 
Worcester, September 3, 1651. These prisoners were sold as bond servants and 
a large number of them were sent to New England in the ship "John and Sarah," 
of London, Captain John Green, Master; they embarked November 6, 1651, 
and arrived in Boston, Massachusetts, early in the following May, as on May 

13, 1652, a list of servants sent on board the ship was recorded in Boston (see 
N. E. Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. I, pp. 377-380). In 1658, he 
was a resident of Billerica, Massachusetts, as he then received a grant of land 
from that town. Between 1658 and 1685 he received sixteen different grants of 
land from the town of Billerica. In 1661 his name appears upon the town rec- 
ords, in a vote of the proprietors. He married, May 29, 1662, Rebecca Steven- 
son, before "Thomas Dantforth, Esquire." She was a daughter of Andrew 
Stevenson, of Cambridge, and was born about 1642. "At a meeting of the se- 
lectmen and committee of malitia held October 8, 1675, in pursuance of an 
order from the Hon. Councill sent unto them," "twelve garrisons were formed 
in Billerica. They appoint James Patterson's house for garrison, and to enter- 
tain John Baldwin, Edward and Thomas Farmer, Henery and John Jelifts ik 
two soldiers, 8 soldiers & 4 families". James Patterson was admitted freeman 
April 18, 1690. His will was dated May 12, 1701. He died in Billerica, July 

14, 1701, aged about sixty-eight years, according to the town records, but his 
inventory states that he died June 14, 1701. James and Rebecca (Stevenson) 
Patterson were the parents of eight children, two daughters and six sons, all 
born in Billerica, Massachusetts: i. Mary, married Peter Proctor, of Chelms- 
ford. 2. James, died in childhood. 3. Andrew, a mariner, said to have been 
lost at sea ; married Elizabeth Kebbe. 4. John, he had a grant of land from the 
town of Billerica of twenty acres of upland and swamp, for twenty pounds 
money ; married Joanna Hall. 5. Joseph, see forward. 6. Rebecca, died in 
childhood. 7. James, moved to Dunstable, then to Groton, where he died, he 
drew lot No. 44 in "Narragansett No. 6" (now Templeton), as the representa- 
tive of his father for his services in "King Phillip's War" in 1675 or 1676; his 
wife's name was Mary. 8. Jonathan, who described himself in a deed as "Tailor 
of Watertown ;" he was a resident of Deerfield, where he married Mary Hawks, 
but died a resident of Northfield, Massachusetts. 

Joseph, fourth son and fifth child of James and Rebecca (Stevenson) Pat- 


terson was born in Billerica, Massachusetts, January i, 1677-8. He was a tailor, 
and settled in Watertown, Massachusetts, as early as the beginning of the year 
1701. He bought of Edward Harrinton, March 19, 1701, "one mansion house 
with twelve acres of orchyard meadow and arable land, situate, lying and being 
in Watertown aforesaid." In 1714 he was constable or collector of Water- 
town. He had by small purchases at different times acquired a good farm which 
is said to have included the top of Prospect Hill, about half a mile west of Wal- 
tham Plain. The date of his death is not known, but his will was executed No- 
vember 15, 1736, and offered for probate February 14, 1736-7. Joseph Patter- 
son married (first) in Sudbury, September 22, 1701, Mercy Goodenow, daugh- 
ter of Captain John Goodenow of Sudbury, and granddaughter of Edmund and 
Ann Goodenow of England. She died September i, 1710. He married (sec- 
ond) Mary . He married (third) November 19, 1724, Rebecca, widow 

of James Livermore and daughter of John and Elizabeth (Trowbridge) Myrick 
of Newton, Massachusetts. The children of Joseph Patterson, five by his first 
and three by his second wife, were: i. Mercy, who married Samuel 
Brown, who was a deacon of the church and had a large share of the municipal 
offices of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, an incorporated town, also a member 
of the Provincial Congress in 1775, and a soldier in the Revolutionary war. 2. 
Mary, married Jeremiah Hewes, of Needham. 3. Lydia, died in childhood. 4. 
Eunice, married Jonathan Flagg, of Watertown. 5. Joseph, see forward, i. 
Hepzibah. 2. Sibilla, married David Hall, of Watertown. 3. Lydia. Joseph 
Patterson, by his third wife, Rebecca Myrick, had a daughter Elizabeth, who 
married Abijah Bond, they settled in Concord, Massachusetts. 

Joseph, son of Joseph and Mercy (Goodenow) Patterson, was born in Wa- 
tertown, Massachusetts, August 27, 17 10, and died in Richmond, Massachu- 
setts, September 8, 1780. He was a farmer, and lived in Watertown until 1767, 
when he removed to Richmond. He was a member of Captain Eleazer Melvin's 
company in Governor Shirley's expedition to the Norridgewock country in 
1754. He was "constable and collector" of Watertown in 1747. Joseph Pat- 
terson in the year 1737 married Lydia Marean, of Newton, bom in Roxbury, 
in the year 171 1, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Clark) Marean. They 
.vere dismissed from \\'altham church May 24, 1767, "to the Christian brethren 
in Richmond, Massachusetts". Lydia Marean died in Richmond, February 8, 
1785; Joseph and Lydia (Marean) Patterson were the parents of two sons 
and seven daughters, all born in Watertown: i. Joseph (3), married Jerusha 
Phelps, of Lebanon, Connecticut, and was one of the earliest settlers of Mt. 
Ephraim (now Richmond) Massachusetts. 2. Elizabeth, married William Salt- 
marsh, a farmer and a lieutenant under Captain Jonathan Brown at Lake 
George in 1758, who finally settled at Athens, Pennsylvania, where he and his wife 
are both buried. 3. Beulah, married her cousin, Abraham Brown, of Stockbridge ; 
he was captain of militia and repeatedly out on military duty in the Revolu- 
tionary war; she moved to Tioga county. New York, after being left a widow, 
where she died. 4. Abigail, never married, and after the death of her mother 
lived with her sister, Mrs. David Pixley ; she died aged sixty-four at Owego, 
New York, and was buried in ground now occupied by the public square and 
buildings at Owego, but was soon afterward removed to Presbyterian buryin.g 


ground of that city. 5. Lydia, was the second wife of the celebrated Colonel 
David Pixley. He was one of the first men (Capt. Joseph Raymond and Amos 
Patterson being his only companions) sent out to explore the tract of land af- 
terward purchased of the government of Massachusetts by the "Boston Pur- 
chase Company." He was one of the commissioners sent out by the company 
to treat with the Indians for the purchase of the right to the soil. The tract 
included that part of the counties of Tioga and Broome, New York, lying be- 
tween the Chenango river on the east, Owego creek on the west, and extend- 
ing northward from the Susquehanna river about twenty-five miles. It con- 
tains about two hundred and thirty thousand acres. Colonel Pixley settled about 
one mile west of Owego, on a beautiful level tract of three thousand acres. He 
acquainted himself with the Indian language and was thereby the more popular 
with them. He entered the service of his country at the first alarm. He was 
a member of Colonel John Patterson's regiment. They received the news of the 
battle of Lexington at noon, two days after it occurred, and the next morning were 
on their way to Boston completely armed and equipped, and mostly in uniform. 
His first commission was dated May 19, 1775, and named him lieutenant of Col- 
onel Patterson's regiment. Governor Clinton of New York, March 7, 1792, com- 
missioned him major, and on March 28, 1797, Governor John Jay commissioned 
him lieutenant-colonel. Mrs. Lydia (Patterson) Pixley "was eminently pious, 
and made her house a home for all strangers and especially for the missionaries 
and ministers of that early day." She died at Owego, New York, February 2, 
1808, where she is buried. Colonel Pixley is also buried there, where the follow- 
ing inscription may be found on his tombstone. "In memory of Colonel Pixley, 
who departed this life August 25, 1807, in the sixty-seventh year of his age. He 
was an officer of the Revolution, at the siege of Quebec in 1775 under General 
Montgomery; was the first settler of Owego in 1790 and continued its father and 
friend until his death" ; 6. Amos, see forward. 7. Martha, married William 
Woodbridge, a farmer, of Stockbridge, but later of Ferrisburg, Vermont, where 
Martha died August 31, 1801. 8. Sarah; married Phineas Brown, Esquire, of 
Stockbridge. 9. Esther, married her cousin Thomas Marean, of Newton. They 
settled at Canaan, Columbia county. New York, but later removed to the "Bos- 
ton Purchase". 

Amos, sixth child and second son of Joseph and Lydia (Marean) Patterson, 
was born in Watertown, Massachusetts, February 18, 1747-8, according to the 
town records, but the family account says January 24, 1749. The presumption 
is that the town record is correct. When about sixteen years of age he was 
caught under his falling horse, his leg broken in several places, and as a result 
he carried a shortened leg through life. He moved with the family in 1766 or 
1767 to Mt. Ephraim (now Richmond). He was out on military service with the 
militia three times during the Revolution. He was a private of Captain Aaron 
Rowley's company. Colonel Simmonds' Berkshire, Massachusetts, militia regiment, 
from April 26, 1777, to May 19, 1777, again as a private of Captain Amos Rath- 
burn's company, Colonel Brown's regiment, Massachusetts militia, from Sep- 
tember 21, 1777, to October i, 1777. His last service was as a private of Cap- 
tain J. Raymond's company. Colonel Hyde's regiment, Massachusetts militia, 
from October 29, 1781, to November 6, 1781. He saw some .service in 1775, 


and in October, 1776, he was at White Plains, where, in company with Thomas 
Marean, they each carried off a fine horse from the British. When the American 
army retreated he was one of the party left behind to load and carry off the 
stores. He was one of the originators of the company which bought what is 
known as the "Boston Purchase", or the Boston Ten Townships, in the counties 
of Broome and Tioga, New York. He was one of the three men sent out to 
view the land in the year 1785 or 1786, Colonel David Pixley (his brother-in-law) 
and Captain Joseph Raymond were the other two. They explored the country 
and made the location before others were taken in. They intended originally 
to have eleven proprietors, but the number was increased to sixty. Amos Pat- 
terson spent most of his time (except winters) on the "Purchase" from 1786 
till 1 79 1, when he began clearing a farm and built the house of hewn logs which 
stood until 1855 on the farm owned in 1856 by Lawrence Allen, in Union, New 
York, three miles west of Binghamton. In 1793 he took his family from Rich- 
mond, Massachusetts to share his life in the wilderness. They arrived there 
March 3, 1793, having been thirteen days on the road. In 1793 he built on 
Choconut creek the first sawmill in the present town of Union, New York. May 
5, 1797, he removed to the farm three miles below on the Susquehanna river, 
where he lived the remainder of his life. He first lived in a small plank house, 
but, October 12, 1800, he moved to a large house he had built on the bank of 
the river. This house is still standing in a good state of preservation. Amos 
Patterson became a man of prominence in his neighborhood. When Broome 
county was formed in 1806 he was appointed one of the judges of the county, 
an office he held by two subsequent appointments until 1813. He took great 
interest in the culture of fruit. He planted apple seeds in 1792, and in 1803 
made the first cider from the fruit grown on the resulting trees. Forty-five bar- 
rels was the first crop, and sold for eight dollars a barrel, being the first ever 
made in that section. Amos Patterson died at Union, March 5, 1817. He and 
his wife were buried in the family burying ground, on the southwest corner of 
the farm, where a monument of Pittsfield marble marks the spot. 

Amos Patterson married, March 30, 1775, Anne Williams, born in Colchester, 
Connecticut, March 22, 1753, daughter of John and Abigail (Crocker) Wil- 
liams; she died in Union, December 25, 181 5. Anne (Williams) Patterson had 
three and probably five ancestors on the "Mayflower" — John Tilley, Elizabeth 
Tilley, his daughter, and John Howland, who afterward married Elizabeth Til- 
ley. The two in controversy are Governor Carver and wife. The old Hartford 
Bible records John Howland's marriage to "John Tilley's daughter Elizabeth, 
granddaughter of Governor Carver." Mrs. Annie Arnoux Haxton, in her 
"Signers of the Mayflower Compact", says she is satisfied that Elizabeth Tilley was 
the granddaughter of Governor Carver, and that John Tilley probably married 
Carver's daughter in England before going to Holland. Anne (Williams) Pat- 
terson descends thus from (I) John Howland and Elizabeth Tilley. (II) John 
Howland, married Mary Lee. (Ill) Hannah Howland, married Jonathan 
Crocker. (IV) James Crocker, married Alice Swift. (V) Abigail Crocker, 
married John Williams. (VI) Anne Williams, married Amos Paterson. Amos 
and Anne (Williams) Patterson were the parents of eleven children, seven 


daughters and four sons: i. Lucy, died an accidental death at age of three. 2. 
Chester, see forward. 3. Nancy, married Dr. Erastus Robinson. 4. Lucy, mar- 
ried Jonathan Day, October 14, 1802. 5. Lyman, a merchant of Binghamton, 
New York, married IMehitabel Seymour. 6. Sally, married Dr. Charles Coryell 
from whom she was granted a divorce. 7. Ann, married Anson Higbe, a farmer 
of Newark \^alley, New York. 8. Sophia, unmarried. 9. Amos, drowned in the 
Susquehanna river, aged seven years. 10. Joseph, born L^nion, N. Y., February 
22, 1795, was graduated from Union College with highest honors, was sheriff of 
Broome county. New York in 1820 and 1821 ; he removed to Penfield, New 
York, where he was supervisor, afterwards was a country merchant at Ontario, 
New York, where his property was lost by fire. He died in Emporia, Kansas. 
He married (first) Eliza Seymour, (second) Hannah ]\Iaria (Fuller) Green- 
wood, widow of Doctor \\'illiam Greenwood of Ontario. 11. Martha, married 
Philander Hooper, a farmer of Union, New York. 

Chester Patterson, eldest son and second child of Amos and Anne (Wil- 
liams) Paterson, was born in Richmond, Massachusetts, September 24, 1777, 
died September 22, 1857. He left New England with his parents for New 
York State in 1793. As long as his father lived, Chester remained with him 
as farmer and lumberman, which were their principal lines of business. He 
was an able man, successful in business and prominent in the public life of his 
day. He was town clerk of Union, New York, for many years, sheriff of Broome 
county. New York, from 1809 to 1812, inclusive, represented Broome county in 
the state legislatures of 1819-20-21, and was a presidential elector in 1824, cast- 
ing his vote for John Quincy Adams. He married, March 26, 1823, Mary Ann 
Elliott, born in Killingworth, now Clinton, Connecticut, May 5, 1804, daugh- 
ter of William and Lovisa (Lane) Elliott. She died July 23. 1873. They con- 
fined to reside in Union on the farm until 1839, when they removed to Newark 
Valley, New York, where they are both buried in Hope Cemetery. Mary Ann 
Elliott descends in the seventh generation from Rev. Thomas Thacher, first pas- 
tor of the Old South Church, Boston, February 16, 1669. Rev. Thomas 
Thacher's father, Rev. Peter Thacher, was rector of St. Edmunds, Salisbury, 
England. His wife, Elizabeth Partridge, was the daughter of Rev. Ralph Part- 
ridge, the first pastor at Duxbury, Massachusetts, and his son, Ralph Thacher 
was a missionary to the Indians. 

Chester Patterson and Mary Ann (Elliott) Patterson were the parents of six 
children; three sons and three daughters. 

David Williams, born in Union, Broome county. New York, July 15, 1824, 
and died in Newark Valley, New York, November 18, 1892. He obtained a 
good common school education and studied dentistry at Rochester, New York, 
entering the dental profession in 1844. He removed to West Winsted, Connec- 
ticut, December 24, 1846, where he practiced until May, 1865, when he returned 
to Newark Valley with his family, and henceforth gave himself up entirely to 
the study and writing of genealog}', in which he had become deeply interested 
while in Connecticut. He became an authority on American Genealogy and 
compiled and published some works in that field. His most extensive work was 
the "Whitney Family of Connecticut", comprising three quarto volumes, and with 

^^o-^ji^^\. b^, /cj^^^tl^^&in 

IZ^ZeyZ^ , 


index contains 2,740 pages. He was employed continuously in this work for seven 
years. He married, June 8, 1853, Helen Maria Lincoln, born in Newark Valley, 
New York, June 8, 1832, daughter of Otis and Sarah (Slosson) Lincoln. Four 
children were bom to Mr. and Mrs. David Williams Patterson : i. Anna, born in 
West Winsted, Connecticut, April 24, 1854, resides in Newark Valley, New York, 
on the old homestead, ii. Lincoln Elliott, born in West Winsted, December 13, 
1855; married in Ithaca, New York, August 21, 1890, Clara Atwater ; they re- 
side in Ithaca, iii. Sterling Woodford, born in Newark Valley, New York, 
October 6, 1870. He was graduated from Cornell University, was for several 
years telegraph editor of the New York Evening Sun and is now editor of the Cor- 
nell Alumni Neivs. iv. Ralph Thacher, born in Newark Valley, January 30, 1871 ; 
he is a farmer, living on the homestead in Newark Valley. 2. Nancy Ann, born 
Union, New York, June 21, 1826, and died in Newark Valley, October 15, 1841. 
3. Mary Lucinda, born in Union, August 19, 1828; married, in Newark Valley, 
May 19, 1852, Rev. Seymour F. Walworth, of the M. E. Church ; died in New- 
ark Valley, October 26, 1855. 4. Chester Ransom, born in Union, July 21, 1833, 
and died in Pittston, Pennsylvania, July 18, 1897. He married in South Owego, 
New York, November 3, 1855, Sarah Angeline Bancroft, born in Plymouth, Che- 
nango county. New York, June 11, 1832, and died in Brooklyn, New York, Sep- 
tember 10, 1903. They had one son, Edmond Brown Patterson, born in Ply- 
mouth, Pennsylvania, January 21, 1868, and died in Scranton, Pennsylvania, Oc- 
tober 7, 1902. He married, January 30, 1895, Nella May Moon, born in Pitts- 
ton, Pennsylvania, December 29, 1867. 5. Joseph Emmett, see forward. 
6. Ann Amelia, born on the Patterson farm in Newark Valley, June 26, 1840. 
She married there, August 8, 1864, Edward Gaynor Nowlan, born October 14, 
1842. They are the parents of: i. Frank Emmett Nowlan, born in Newark 
\'alley, June 11, 1865, married, June 17, 1895, Evalina Stone, and died March 
5. 1904. ii. Mary Patterson Nowlan, born in Newark Valley, September i, 1867; 
married, July 14, 1897, Edward Jacob Wittwer. iii. Harry Thacher Nowlan, 
born in Newark Valley, February 19, 1870; married, May 25, 1892, Edith Al- 
berta Piimey; they have two children: Hanford Thacher and Marjorie Amelia 
Nowlan. iv. Joseph Edward Nowlan, born in Newark Valley, July 6, 1872; 
married, December 23, 1897, Margaret Graham, v. Edith Grace Nowlan, born 
in Newark Valley, March 26, 1876, and died March 30, 1897. vi. Bertha Julia, 
born in Newark Valley, March 30, 1879. 

Joseph Emmett, fifth child and third son of Chester and Mary Ann (Elliott) 
Patterson, was born in Union, New York, August 22, 1838. He was reared on 
the Patterson farm at Newark Valley, and received his early education in the public 
schools. He began business life on his own account at eighteen years of age 
by renting and operating a farm. He succeeded and kept adding farm after 
farm until at the age of twenty-two he had nine farms under his control and 
management, in addition to a lumber business of some magnitude. Feeling the 
need of a better education, he placed himself under private tutors for the next 
two years, after which he took a business course at Eastman's Business College, 
Poughkeepsie, New York. Before entering the college he disposed of his New- 
ark Valley interests, and on leaving he went to Pittston, Pennsylvania, where he 


entered the employ of the late John Loveland, then an extensive lumber 
dealer. After three months in his employ Mr. Loveland offered him a part- 
nership and loaned him the amount of money he lacked to complete the purchase 
of a one-third interest in the business. The firm expanded, and when they opened 
a lumber yard in Wilkes-Barre, Mr. Patterson had a half interest in that and in 
the manufacturing plant they established. Later they moved their saw mill to 
the Redout Common on River street, where the court house now stands, and 
milled lumber there for many years, the logs being brought down the river and 
canal. When Mr. Loveland's health failed he asked Mr. Patterson to take a 
full half interest in the Pittston plant, and to conduct the entire business under 
the firm name of J. E. Patterson and Company which he did. At this time the 
large planing mill and factory at Pittston was built. Mr. Loveland's will stipu- 
lated that his executors should continue the business just as before his death, 
which they did for seventeen years, when Mr. Patterson purchased from tht 
Loveland estate their individual one-half fnterest in the business, now the most 
extensive of any lumber firm in the Wyoming Valley. Mr. Patterson has other 
and varied business interests. He is largely interested in the wholesale grocery 
business of the Crocker Grocery Company, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. He 
was one of the organizers and owners of the Easton Lime Company of Easton, 
Pennsylvania, and of the Masons' Supply Company of the same city. He also 
is interested in coal, and was a director of the Colorado Yule Marble Company, 
with quarries at Marble, Colorado. Mr. Patterson founded the beautiful summer 
resort on top of Nescopec Mountain, known as "Glen Summit Springs". He 
discovered the Glen Summit Spring and introduced the water from this famous 
spring into general use. Mr. Patterson conducts all of his business enterprises 
on a purely independent basis. He is a member of the Employers' Association, 
that recognizes no union unless conducted on legal lines, and employs his men 
solely on their merits. In defense of this vital principle he has spent thousands 
of dollars and fought some bitter contests with the strong union organization 
but finally won the victory for independence and perfect freedom, as did his fore- 
fathers of Colonial and Revolutionary times. Mr. Patterson is a perfect 
example of a selfmade man and has demonstrated what it is possible for a clean 
living, clean-thinking man to accomplish by careful, conservative, upright, ener- 
getic endeavor. 

Joseph Emmett Patterson married, in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, November 
20, 1865, Julia Frances Burnet, born in Coxsackie, New York, October 30, 1841, 
daughter of Theron and Harriet (Packer) Burnet; she died June 2, 1907. Mr. 
Patterson has two daughters ; his only son died when a child ; all were born in 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania: i. Helen Harriet, born September 6, 1869: mar- 
ried, August 30, 1904, Benjamin Franklin Myers, born in Sylvis, Clearfield coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, April 26, 1863, son of John Henry and Jane (Westover) 
Myers. 2. Eva Mary, born March 9, 1872; married, October 12, 1897, Robert 
Hervey Cabell, Jr., born December i, 1866, in Brunswick, Missouri, son of 
Dr. Robert Hervey Cabell ; they have a daughter, Helen Patterson Cabell, born 
in Oiicago, Illinois. February 19, 1899, and a son, Joseph Patterson Cabell, born 
in Evanston, Illinois, May 8, 1901. 3. Bruce Loveland, born January 13, 1875, 
and died April 30, 1881. 

Mrs. Patterson was a devoted member of the First Methodist Episcopal 


Church and a teacher in the Sunday school for fifty-two years. She was 
largely engaged in charitable and church work, and was one of the founders 
of the Home for Homeless Women, and was a member of and interested in the 
Young Woman's Christian Association of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. 


The paternal ancestors of Powel Evans, of Philadelphia, came from Rhydwil- 
lan, Caermarthonshire, Wales, in 1710, and affiliated with Welsh Tract Baptist 
Church, in Pencader Hundred, New Castle county, now the State of Delaware. 
This ancient Baptist church was organized in the spring of 1701 by a little com- 
pany of Welsh Baptists in the counties of Pembroke and Caermarthon, who hav- 
ing decided to emigrate to America, and one of them, Thomas Griffith, being a 
minister of that sect, they decided to form themselves into a church before embark- 
ing. The little colony consisting of sixteen persons embarked for Pennsylvania 
in the ship "James and Mary", June, 1701, and landed at Philadelphia, Septem- 
ber 8 of the same year. Not having, as was common with most of the early 
Pennsylvania emigrants, purchased land of Penn before embarking to the Prov- 
ince, they located among their brethren of the Pennypack Baptist Church, and 
remained in Philadelphia county until early in 1703, maintaining however their 
initial organization. Here a number of others were added to their membership, 
some of them recent arrivals from Wales, but mostly converts from other denom- 
inations among earlier settlers in that vicinity and in Bucks county. 

In 1703 the congregation of this church secured a large part of a tract of land 
laid out to two Welsh emigrants in Pencader Hundred, in New Castle county, 
and removing thence in a body built on a promontory known as Iron Hill, near 
the present town of Newark, Delaware, a little meeting house. The church there 
established proved the nucleus of a large and important settlement of Welsh immi- 
grants, and numerous other churches in that and other neighborhoods had their 
origin in this mother church, the first Baptist church south of Mason and Dixons 
Line. Among the offspring of the Welsh Tract Baptist Church, as it came to be 
known after its location in Pencader Hundred, were, the London Tract, Duck 
Creek, Wilmington, Cow Marsh, Mispillion, and Pedee, (South Carolina) Bap- 
tist churches. (Pa. Hist. Mag. IX-61, etc., Del. Hist. Soc. "Records of Welsh 
Tract" ; "Nathaniel Evans and His Descendants," Evans ; "History of Old 
Cheraws," Gregg.) 

At Welsh Tract they were joined at different periods by considerable additions 
from Pembrokeshire and other points in Wales. In 1710, among a considerable 
party of Baptists from Rhydwillan, Caermarthonshire, who brought letters to 
Welsh Tract Baptist Church, were several of the name of Evans, one of whom, 
Thomas Evans, was a brother to the ancestor of the subject of this sketch. 

John Ev.\ns, probably accompanied his brother Thomas and other relatives 
from Rhydwillan, County Caermarthon, Wales, to New Castle county, in 1710, 
but was not baptized member of the Baptist church before his immigration from 
Wales. John and Lydia Evans were baptized as members of the Welsh Tract 
Baptist Church, and their names appear on the list of those who signed the Con- 
fession of Faith, read February 4, 17 16, among the earliest signers. Another 
John Evans signed in 1712. He died in 1717, leaving a will of which he made 

EVANS 771 

his brother, Thomas Evans, executor, and left legacies to his four sons of whom 
Nathaniel Evans was one. 

It is possible that Thomas Evans, the emigrant, was the father and not the 
brother of John Evans, the testator of 1717, the executor being another son of the 
emigrant, since we find on the hst of "Those Removed from us by Death" on the 
records of the Welsh Tract Baptist Church, under date of "imo, 1714" the name 
of "Thomas Efans". No age being given, it is impossible to determine whether 
he was the emigrant, but since he was a member of the congregation, the list pur- 
porting to be that of deceased communicants, the inference would be that he was 
the Thomas Evans who united with the church four years before by letter from 
Rhydwillan, Caermarthonshire. 

Nathaniel Evans, son of John Evans, was baptized at Welsh Tract Baptist 
Church, (of course as an adult) October 2, 1735. In November, 1735, Abel Mor- 
gan, "teaching elder", Thomas Evans, deacon, James James, ruling elder, and nine- 
teen others, including Nathaniel Evans and Annie Evans, "are removed to 
Carolina, and was recommended by a letter to ye Church of Christ in Charles 
Town or elsewhere in South Carolina, or they might constitute themselves into a 
Church." This was the founding of the colony of Welsh Baptists on the Pedee 
river in South Carolina, where the above named persons from Welsh Tract 
Church formed a church known as "the Church on the Pedee." In 1736 "our 
brother Samuel Evan and his wife Mary Ann Evan was recommended unto our 
Christian friends on Pedee in South Carolina", so we find from the records of the 
Welsh Tract Church, and several others followed in the years 1737-38-39, among 
them being John Jones and Ann his wife, recommended to Pedee by letter dated 
March 11, 1738. Lydia Evans was buried at Welsh Tract, Pencader Hundred, 
New Castle county, December 25, 1735; "John Evans, Elder," April 16, 1738; 
another John Evans on April 28, 1740, and Mary, wife of John Evans, Jr., on 
August 21, 1721. 

Nathaniel Evans purchased large tracts of land on the Pedee in South Caro- 
lina, receiving by patents dated from 1743 to 1772 at least an aggregate of iioo 
acres, much of which lying in Marion District, is still owned by his descendants. 
He died prior to the Revolution, at a date not definitely known, further than 
that he was living in 1772. 

Nathaniel Evans married Ruth Jones, of a family that removed with or 
followed him to the Pedee from New Castle county, and they had children : — 
David, Margaret, Thomas and Nathan or Nathaniel, David Evans, the eld- 
est son, born in Craven county. South Carolina, about 1745, was a captain of 
Rangers and served throughout the Revolutionary War. He lost a leg by a 
cannon shot at the siege of Savannah, while serving under General Nathaniel 
Greene. Margaret Evans married Major William Baker, a distinguished ofiS- 
cer in the Continental Army, from Newbern, North Carolina, and a man of 
much prominence in public aflfairs there. 

Nathaniel Evans, youngest son of Nathaniel and Ruth (Jones) Evans, 
was born near the present site of Marion village, then Craven (now Marion) 
county, South Carolina, about the year 1760. Long before attaining his major- 
ity he marched with his elder brothers to the defense of the patriot cause, under 
the intrepid Colonel Waters, and was one of l\Iarion's trusted lieutenants 
throughout the rapacious and intercine strife that marked the Revolutionary 

772 EVANS 

struggle in the Carolinas, where Tarleton and Rawdon, with their Tory refugees, 
not only incited the bitterest partisan struggles, but with fire and sword determ- 
ined to crush out the heroic patriots who had pledged their all to the State. 
It is a fact that the Southern soldiers of the Revolution under Sumter, Marion, 
Pickens and others, fought as many battles in their own section as the soldiers 
of Washington's army in all the other colonies. Nathaniel Evans served as a 
private under Colonel Waters in the siege of Charleston, and after its fall is 
enrolled in 1778 in the company of Captain Anderson Thomas, and was paid 
on April 14, 1785, by State order, for services rendered in 1778, in Colonel 
Water's regiment. He died on his plantation on Cat Fish Creek, in 1810. 

Nathaniel Evans married, in 1788, Edith Godbold, daughter of Thomas God- 
bold, of Liberty District, now Marion county, and his wife Martha Herron, and 
granddaughter of John Godbold, a native of Suffolk or Kent county, England, 
who settled on the Pedee about 1735 with his wife, Elizabeth McGurney. He 
had been an officer in the English navy, in the West India service prior to 1735, 
and was drowned on his plantation near the present town of Marion, South Car- 
olina, in 1765, at the age of one hundred and one years. His son, Thomas God- 
bold, died at Marion, Marion county, South Carolina, in 1825. A son, Stephen 
Godbold, brother to Edith (Godbold) Evans, fought under Marion in the Revolu- 
tionary Was as a lieutenant and captain. Edith (Godbold) Evans died after the 
birth of her two sons Thomas and Asa, the latter of whom died in infancy. Na- 
thaniel Evans married (second) a Miss Fore, who survived but a few years, and 
he married (third) Elizabeth Ann, daughter of Captain Lot Rogers, who came 
to the Carolinas from Virginia, and was a distinguished patriot during the Rev- 
olutionary War. The will of Nathaniel Evans, of the District of Marion, dated 
in 1810, proved May 23, 1810, provides for his wife Elizabeth, and devises to 
his eldest son Thomas 200 acres of land purchased of his brother Thomas; 
gives legacies to his daughters, Edith, Zilpha and Elizabeth Ann, and sons, 
William, Nathan and John Gamewell Evans. The two daughters Edith and 
Zilpha were by his second wife; they married respectively Colonel Levi Leg- 
gett, and Robert James Gregg. 

Thom.'\s Evans, eldest son of Nathaniel, and only surviving son of the first 
wife, Edith Godbold, was born on his father's plantation near the village of 
Marion, South Carolina, September 3, 1790. He acquired a liberal education, 
and being a great reader added thereto by his own exertions after reaching 
years of manhood. During his early life he engaged in mercantile pursuits and 
later became an extensive cultivator of cotton. He was a man of note in his 
day, taking an active part in public affairs. He was State Senator from his 
district from 1832 to 1840, and Master in Equity for his native county from 
1841 to his death in 1845. He also filled the position of Presidential elector for 
Monroe in 1816, and for Jackson in 1828. His residence in Marion village, 
originally built for a courthouse, still stands on the public square south of the 
present court house. He died at "Tranquility," the family home of his wife's 
family in Granville county. North Carolina, August 9, 1845. 

Thomas Evans married, April 11, 1816, Jane Beverly Daniel, born January 
29. 1795. who was killed by a piece of timber falling from the roof of her resi- 
dence undergoing repairs, September 3, 1861. She was a daughter of George 
and Martha (Daniel) Daniel, and a descendant of a family seated at Wigan, 

EVANS 773 

Lancashire, England, whose armorial bearings were: Arg. a pale fusily sa., 
with crest, a unicorn's head erased ar. armed or. 

Captain William Daniel, the founder of the Daniel family of Virginia, many 
members of which have achieved distinction, was born at Wigan, Lancashire, 
in 1623. He was a soldier in the royal army during the civil wars, and came 
to Virginia on the downfall of the monarchy. He was a vestryman of Mid- 
dlesex parish, Middlesex county, Virginia, in 1684, and died there in 1698. (Vir- 
ginia Genealogies, Heyden. ) 

James Daniel, grandson of Captain William Daniel and great-grandfather of 
Jane Beverly (Daniel) Evans, was born about the year 1700. He was a jus- 
tice in Goochland county, Virginia, 1737 to 1743, and sheriff of that county 
1743-4. He later removed to Albemarle county, Virginia, where he filled the 
office of local magistrate 1754-5, and was sheriff in 1756. His will was pro- 
bated in the latter county February 12, 1761. He married in 1736, Elizabeth 
Woodson, great-granddaughter of Dr. John Woodson, of Dorsetshire, England, 
"Chireogeon" and wife Sarah, mentioned in the "Original Lists of Persons of 
Quality" (Hotten, p. 216) as living in Henrico County in 1619. Their eldest 
son, Chesley Daniel, married Judith Christian, of Albermarle county, Vir- 
ginia, a daughter of the distinguished family of Virginia Cavaliers who fled 
England during the Commonwealth and appeared in Middlesex county, Vir- 
ginia, as early as 1656. These Christians were the lineal descendants of the 
Christian family, (W. & M. Quar. V, 261, VHI, 70.) residuary Deemsters 
of the Isle of Mann. Chesley Daniel crossed the line into the old county of 
Granville, in North Carolina, and in 1740 built his country seat "Tranquility", 
named similarly with the seat of Colonel Peter. Vivian Daniel, of Middlesex coun- 
ty, Virginia, for an ancestoral seat in England. This property is still in the 
Daniel family. Chesley Daniel's daughter Martha, married her second cousin 
George Daniel, of Granville county. North Carolina, and Jane Beverly Daniel 
was the first daughter of the latter marriage. She was a woman of estimable 
character and marked business ability. On the death of her husband Thomas 
Evans in 1845, she took charge of his heavily involved estate and managed it 
with eminent success. Her sons were educated in the best American Colleges 
and her unlimited hospitality was a by-word in all the Pedee region, while her 
piety was of the purest kind. She had a family of thirteen chil- 
dren. Her eldest son, Hon. Chesley D. Evans, was a graduate of the 
South Carolina College and a member of the Secession Convention 
of i860 in South Carolina, signing the Ordinance of Secession; Thomas 
was United States District Attorney for South Carolina in 1844; Nathan George 
was graduate of United States Military Academy and a Brigadier-General in 
Confederate States America, commanding Confederate forces at Battle of Ball's 
Bluff, campaign of 1861-62 ; William E. was a graduate United States Naval 
Academy and served under Admiral Porter, later attained rank of Commander 
Confederate States Navy, served under Raphael Semmes, Confederate States ship 
"Alabama," later commanded Confederate States ship "Georgia". Captain 
A. L. Evans served throughout the war between the states, as Adjutant of Brig- 
ade and was later clerk of the State Senate of South Carolina. 

James Evans, M. D., eighth child of Thomas and Jane Beverly (Daniel) 
Evans, was born in the village of Marion, South Carolina, September 12, 

774 EVANS 

1831. He received his early education at Marion Academy, and at the age o£ 
seventeen entered the South Carolina Military Academy, class of 1853. Owing 
to serious disputes and dissensions in the faculty of the college, he left that 
institution before completing his course, and joined an engineering corps in 
charge of the construction of the Cheraw & Darlington railroad, from the 
head of navigation on the Pedee river. At its completion he went to Carroll 
county, Mississippi, and after teaching school for a short period he assisted as 
a civil engineer in building the Little Rock and Napoleon, now the New Or- 
leans and Mississippi railroad. In 1856 he was appointed by the Governor of 
Arkansas, State Civil Engineer, and in that capacity had charge of the build- 
ing of all the great levees along the Mississippi, Arkansas and Red rivers in 
that State. He was living along the Mississippi river during the period when 
that region was visited by the terrible scourge of yellow fever in 1856-57, and 
with two Catholic priests assisted in nursing the victims of that dread disease. 

In the spring of 1859, James Evans came to Philadelphia and entered the 
Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, and received private 
instruction under the eminent Dr. Pepper, the elder, and Dr. J. M. DaCosta. He 
graduated in the spring of 1861 and went to New York with the intention of 
sailing for Europe to complete his medical education in the great universities and 
hospitals of London, Paris and Berlin. Before his embarkation, however, the 
news of the firing on Fort Sumter reached him, and he hastened south to enlist 
under the banner of his native State of South Carolina. He took part as a vol- 
unteer in the first battle of Manassas, and after the battle was placed in charge of 
the division hospital at Leesburg, Virginia, where he met and fell in love with Miss 
Powell, who four years later became his wife. He was however soon detached 
for duty as assistant surgeon to Dr. pred. Giddings, at an hospital established at 
Adams' Run, South Carolina. While on duty there he suffered a severe attack of 
hemorrhagic fever, but on his recovery, returned to Virginia to fill an appoint- 
ment as Regimental Surgeon with the rank of major, to the Third South Caro- 
lina Regiment of Volunteers, Colonel James Nance, Kershaw's Brigade, McLaw's 
Division, Longstreet's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. With this regiment 
he shared the arduous campaigns of the remainder of the war. 

On January 4, 1865, Dr. Evans married Maria Antoinette Powell, of Lees- 
burg, Virginia, at the home of her brother. Colonel Daniel Lee Powell, Rich- 
mond, Virginia, and at the close of the war bought a plantation on long credit in 
his native district of Marion, South Carolina, where he settled down to retrieve 
his fortunes and establish a home by the practice of his profession and the tilling 
of the soil. By industry and application he succeeded in paying for his plantation, 
which he sold in 1874, removed to Mars Bluff, and later in 1877 to Florence, 
South Carolina, where he resided until the time of his death, July 15, 1909, at 
Clifton Springs, New York, at the ripe age of JJ years. He achieved eminence 
in his chosen profession, filling a number of honorable official positions in his 
native state. In 1887 he was elected president of the South Carolina State Med- 
ical Association, and the following year was appointed by the governor a mem- 
ber of the State Board of Health. In 1895 he became secretary of that board and 
its chief administrative officer, filling that position for more than ten years. He 
was active in securing legislation for improving sanitary conditions and classify- 
ing the vital statistics of the state, and fostering and encouraging the establish- 

EVANS 775 

ment of local boards of health. Dr. Evans was a voluminous writer on topics per- 
taining to his profession, and delivered many notable addresses to the various med- 
ical and scientific associations with which he held membership. Among his pub- 
lished papers are, "Puerperal Fever," which attracted wide attention both in 
the American and European medical journals and won for him the distinction of a 
bronze medal from the Paris Exposition in 1900. This decoration is still 
cherished by his family. "Sanitary Uses of Plants and Flowers", "Shock", 
"Multiple Cancer", "Uses of Normal Saline Solution in Shock", etc. He 
was the author of a number of health tracts for distribution under the aus- 
pices of the State Board of Health and the basis of the hygenic and sanitation 
instruction now introduced into the school course in every public school in his 
state, on diseases, their cause, treatment and method of prevention, and other 
kindred subjects. He was a member of the American Medical Association; suc- 
cessively the delegate to the National Conference of State and Provincial Boards 
of Health, the Pan-American Medical Congress. He was a member of American 
Social Science Association and the Institute of Art, Science and Letters, to which 
he was elected upon the nomination of Dr. Barouk of New York. He was also 
a member of the United Confederate Veterans; the United Confederate Sur- 
geons' Association, and of the South Carolina Chapter Sons of the Revolution. 

Maria Antoinette (Powell) Evans was a descendant of the Powells of Castle 
Madoc, County Brecknock, Wales, who were descended through a long line of 
Welsh nobility, from the ancient Cymric Kings and princes. Three grandsons 
of Dr. David Powell, of the Powells of Madoc Castle, the col-laborator of Hak- 
luyt in the compilation of "Hakluyt's Voyages of Discovery", were among the 
first Virginia adventurers, and active participants in the founding and perpetua- 
tion of the first permanent EngHsh colony in America. 

Captain Nathaniel Powell, probably the most prominent of the three brother 
adventurers, came out to Virginia with Captain Newport with the first colonists 
of Jamestown in 1607, and was the author of the narrative of the discovery of the 
Chesapeake in Captain John Smith's "True Relation" 1619. He had been a cap- 
tain in the Low Countries, and became one of the most renowned of the James- 
town colonists. He was deputy governor when Sir George Yeardley arrived 
to take up the government of the colony in 1619, and retained his membership in 
His Majesty's Council, under Yeardley, until he was killed with all his family, by 
the Indians, on his plantation at Powell's Brook, on York river, in the great mas- 
sacre of March 19, 1622. He left no issue, and his estate was distributed, under 
proceedings in the High Court of Chancery of London, among the children of his 
eldest brother Sir Thomas Powell, who was knighted at Theobald's in 1624. 

Sir Stephen Powell and Captain William Powell, his brothers, came to Vir- 
ginia in the expedition headed by Sir Thomas Gates and Sir George Somers in 
1610. Sir Stephen and Captain WilHam Powell were subscribers to the second 
charter of the Virginia Company of London. 

Captain William Powell, and Thomas Powell, probably a son or nephew, 
sailed from Plymouth, England, in 1609, with Sir Thomas Gates and Sir George 
Somers in the ill-fated ship "Sea Adventurer", which was wrecked on the Ber- 
muda Islands, and whose history written by Strachy and published in London in 
1610, was the foundation of Shakespeare's play of "The Tempest". The ship- 
wrecked crew of the "Sea Adventurer" constructed two small vessels at the Ber- 

776 EVANS 

mudas from the timbers of the "Sea Adventurer", which they christened the 
"Patience" and the "Deliverance", with which they arrived at the starving colony 
of Jamestown in May, 1610, just prior to the arrival of Lord De La Warre, the 
new Governor, and Captain William Powell represented Jamestown as a burgess in 
the first Assembly of the Province, called by Sir George Yeardley in April, 1619, 
and which met at Jamestown, July 30, 1619. This was the first representative 
assembly ever held on the American continent. After the great massacre Cap- 
tain William Powell and Sir George Yeardley commanded respectively the two 
expeditions formed to chastise the savages and an interesting account of this 
expedition is given in Captain John Smith's "True Relation." He was killed by 
the Indians on the Chiccahominy river in 1623-4. 

Thomas Powell, who accompanied Captain William to Virginia, was one 
of the wrecked crew of the "Sea Adventure", in 1609, an account of his marriage 
while stranded on the Bermudas, to Elizabeth Persons is given in the annals 
of the Virginia company of London. He was living at "Dale's Gift" on the 
Eastern Shore of Virginia in 1618, whither he was sent in company with Cap- 
tain John Pory to make salt for the colony, and is said to have been living in 
Northampton county, Virginia, as late as 1660. He appeared in the court rec- 
ords of old Northampton county as early as 1638, when he was charged with 
Lese Majesty for having declared "that in former times Kyngs went forth to 
warrs, but this Kynge was fittin only to sit in a lady's lap," referring to King 
James I, but he was acquitted of the crime. Again in 1654 he made an affidavit 
relative to the escape of one of his indentured servants, who had run away, 
where he declares that he is three score years and upwards. In this document 
he mentions his son, John Powell. 

John Powell, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Persons) Powell, though 
mentioned in the records of Northampton county, Virginia, does not again ap- 
pear, and little is known of him. 

Walter Powell, supposed to have been a son of John, a grandson of 
Thomas, of Northampton county, Virginia, was settled in Somerset, Eastern 
shore of Maryland, in 1668,* He married Elizabeth Beere, whose death oc- 
curred in 1679. They had six children, mentioned in the will of Walter who 
died in 1695. 

WiLLL\M Powell, second child and eldest son of Walter and Elizabeth 
(Beere) Powell, born in Somerset county, Maryland, in 1673, died in 1715. He 
married Eliza, supposed to have been a Miss Levin, and had among other 
children named in his will: — 

William Powell, who settled in Prince William county, Virginia, and mar- 
ried Elinor Peyton, daughter of Colonel Valentine Peyton, a justice of the 
peace and member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, who was a great- 
grandson of Henry Peyton, gentleman, who with his brothers. Colonel Valen- 
tine and Lawrence Peyton, gentleman, were in the royal army in the civil 
war in England and fled to Virginia in 1656. Henry Peyton appears of record 
as of Aquia Creek, Prince William county, Virginia, "gentlemen." The three 

*In the land grants to Walter in the Maryland archives, he declares that he had removed 
from VifRinia to inhabit Maryland with his wife and daughter Elizabeth. The .Somerset 
County Records, of Maryland, give the date of the births of all his children except Elizabeth 
and the date nf the death of his wife wlio was buried on his plantation "Greenfields" on 
Pomoukie river. 

EVANS 777 

brothers were the sons of Henry Peyton, of Lincoln's Inn, Middlesex county, 
armiger, a cadet of the baronial house of Peyton of Iselham and Peyton Hall, 
Cambridge, England, who was tried for treason in 1657, for maintaining his 
sons in the army against Parliament. That they were of the ancient family of 
Peytons of Iselham and Peyton Hall, founded by Reginald de Peyton, who 
died in 1136, appears from the confirmation in "Le Mor's Knights" (p. 239) 
where Sir Robert Peyton, a son of Henry, had the grant from Sir Jo. Bur- 
rough, 24 July, 1641, with an alteration of the Peyton arms (Borough Grants, 
fol. 76). (See Accounts of Daniel, Peyton, Harrison and Powell Families in 
Heyden's "Virginia Genealogies.") 

The arms borne by Henry Peyton under this grant are : "Sable, a cross en- 
grailed, or, in the first quarter a mullet arg., all within a bordure erm." motto: 
"Patior, Potior". The bordure constituting the only alteration from the arms 
borne by the elder branch of the family. 

Levin Powell, son of William and Elinor (Peyton) Powell, born in 
Prince William county, Virginia, in 1737, settled in Loudoun county, Virginia 
in 1760. He had served prior to attaining his majority as a deputy to his ma- 
ternal uncle, Colonel Henry Peyton, then sheriff of Prince William county. He 
was elected in 1774 major of the Loudoun batallion of minute-men, and he 
was the author of the resolutions adopted by the Loudoun county patriots, in the 
Committee of Safety, of which he was a member. He was in active service 
with the Virginia militia in its operations against Lord Dunmore in 1775, and 
in 1777 was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the i6th Virginia regiment, 
Continental Line, and was with Washington at Valley Forge and Morristown, 
where his health was so impaired by the hardships he bore that he was forced 
to resign his commission. Colonel Levin Powell was a member of the Vir- 
ginia Convention of 1788, which ratified and adopted the Federal constitution. 
He was a presidential elector in 1796, and in 1799 was elected to the United 
States Congress as a Federalist and re-elected in 1801. He died at Bedford 
Springs, Bedford county, Pennsylvania, where he had gone for his health, July 
23, 1810. 

Colonel Levin Powell married, in 1763, Sarah Harrison, daughter of Col- 
onel Burr Harrison, of "Chippawamsic", Prince William county, Virginia, a 
justice of the peace and member of the House of Burgesses from Prince Will- 
iam county, where his great-grandfather, Burr Harrison, had settled, in 1655, 
having fled from England, a refugee from the royal army to escape the ven- 
geance of Cromwell. Burr Harrison, of Chippawamsic. was a son of Cuthbert 
Harrison, Esqr., of Acaster, Caton and Flaxby, in com. Ebar (Arms : "Az. 
three demi lions ramp, or." Crest : "A demi lion ramp. or. holding 
a laurel branch, vert.") and his wife, a daughter of Lord Hangdale, of Holme, and 
was baptized in the parish of St. Margaret's, Westminister, December 28, 1637. 
While a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses in April, 1699, he, with 
Mr. Giles Vauderville, was sent as an Ambassador to the Piscataway Indians. 
His name appears, July 10, 1700, with those of John Washington. Rice Hooe, 
George Mason, etc., of his Majesty's Officers both Civil and Military, to a peti- 
tion to Governor Sir Henry Nicholson for protection against the Indians. (C. 
P. I, 631 — Id. 70). Cuthbert and William Harrison Powell, two of the sons of 

778 EVANS 

Levin and Sally (Harrison) Powell, were, like their father, members of United 
States Congress. 

Levin Powell Jr., third son of Colonel Levin and Sally (Harrison) Powell, 
married in 1797, Susannah Elizabeth Orr, daughter of Hon. John Orr, a mem- 
ber of the Virginia Assembly, and a signer of Richard Henry Lee's resolu- 
tions against the Stamp Act in 1766, and his wife Susannah Monroe Grayson, a 
first cousin to James Monroe, fifth President of the United States, and a sister 
to Rev. Spence Grayson, of Bellair, and Colonel William Grayson, aide de campe 
of General Washington, and later one of the first two Senators from Virginia 
under the new Federal Government. John Orr had come to Virginia in 1750. 
He was a son of Rev. Alexander Orr, of "Hazelside", Renfrewshire, Scotland, 
and his wife, Lady Agnes, daughter of Hon. John Dalrymple, Laird of Water- 
side; and grandson of Rev. Alexander Orr, of Burrowfield, Renfrewshire, an 
ardent covenanter, who suffered martyrdom for his religious faith, and his wife 
Lady Barbara Craufurd, of Auchinaines. The Orrs were an ancient family 
of Renfrewshire, dating back to iioo A. D., and the Craufurd family was indeed 
one of the most ancient and highly connected families of the realm, being 
descended within four generations from King James IV, of Scotland, through at 
least a dozen separate lines, notably those of Stewart, Eglington, Seton, Lamont, 
and others (vide. "A Few Old Families" McCall, Glasgow). "General account 
of Shire of Renfrew," Craufurd and Seton, Glasgow, 1792. 

Levin Powell, Jr., died in Kentucky in 1807, leaving four sons. 

William Alexander Powell, son of Levin Powell Jr., and his wife, Sus- 
annah Elizabeth Orr, and father of Maria Antoinette (Powell) Evans, was a 
lawyer in Leesburg, Loudoun county, Mrginia. He married, in 1820, Lucy 
who came to Virginia in 1740, married Lucy Smith, of Culpeper county, and 
for many years a member of the General Assembly of Virginia, and his wife 
Elizabeth Nicholson, daughter of Captain Henry Nicholson, quartermaster of a 
Virginia brigade in the Revolutionary War, and his wife Sarah Hay, daughter 
of Hon. Anthony Hay, of Williamsburg, Virginia, a lineal descendant of the 
family of Hay of the earldom of Erroll, in the Scottish peerage. Hon. Daniel 
Lee was a son of Dr. John Lee, of Trinity College, Dublin, a native of Ireland, 
who came to Virginia in 1740, married Lucy Smith, of Culpeper county, and 
settled at Woodstock, Frederick county, where Daniel was born. Daniel and 
Elizabeth (Nicholson) Lee had, beside Lucy Peachy (Lee) Powell, Mrs. Hedges, 
of New Orleans ; Mrs. Patrick Henry Cabell ; Rev. Henry Lee ; Judge George 
Lee, of the Virginia Court of Appeals, grandfather of Dr. Duncan Lee Despard, 
Assistant Professor Surgery, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 1911 ; and 
Hugh Lee. Esq., of Winchester, Virginia. 

William Alexander and Lucy Peachy (Lee) Powell, had beside Maria .An- 
toinette (Powell) Evans, four sons, viz: Colonel Daniel Lee Powell, of Rich- 
mond ; Rev. John Dalrymple Powell, of Norfolk ; Dr. Alfred H. Powell, of Bal- 
timore, Maryland ; and Hugh Lee Powell, of Leesburg, \'irginia ; and three other 
daughters, viz: Mrs. Frederick Lloyd, of Missouri; Mrs. Frank F. Jones, of 
New York; and Mrs. William F. Brooks, of Alexandria, Virginia. 

Dr. James and Maria Antoinette (Powell) Evans, had nine children, of whom 
Powell Evans, the subject of this sketch was the second. The eldest child, Jane 
Beverly Evans, born June 3, 1866, at Little Rock, Marion county. South Caro- 



lina, is unmarried. She graduated at the Female Institute, Staunton, Virginia; 
studied art at the Boston Conservatory of Art and Music; at the Corcoran Art 
School, Washington, D. C, at the New York Art League, and has pursued her 
studies several years since under the best masters in the city of Rome, devoting 
herself to portraiture in oils. 

William Alexander Evans, the second son, born November 3, 1870, graduated 
at Hobart College with the degree of A. B. in 1892; received the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws at the New York City Law School in 1902 ; and is an attorney 
at law and journalist in New York City. 

Maria Lee Evans, (he second daughter, born November 18, 1872, married, 
in 1897, Hon. Frank B. Gary, of Abbeville, South Carolina, who was a member 
of the Constitutional Convention of that State in 1895, and of the U. S. Senate 
from South Carolina, 1908. 

Marie Antoinette Evans, the third daughter, born at Mars Bluff, South Caro- 
lina, December 2j, 1874, married Henry Carrington Riely, A. M., LL. B., of 
Richmond, Virginia, of the law firm of McGuire, Riely and Bryan, son of Hon. 
John W. Riely, of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals. 

James Daniel Evans, the third son, born at Mars Bluff, South Carolina, De- 
cember II, 1876, an undergraduate of South Carolina College, class of 1898, 
received the degree of Bachelor of Laws at tlie same institution in 1900, and 
was admitted to the South Carolina bar. He came to Philadelphia and practiced 
law in that city until 1908, when he leturned to his native state and now resides 
at Florence, Florence county, South Carolina. He is the author of a history of 
the Evans family, from which most of the data in this sketch is obtained, and 
is a member of Maxie Gregg Chapter, Sons of Confederate Veterans, and of the 
University and Southern Clubs of Philadelphia. 

Lucy Peachy Evans, the fourth daughter, born at Florence, South Carolina, 
July 22, 1879, graduated from the Fairmount School, Tennessee, in June, 1899, 
and married, June 21, 1904, Rev. Caleb B. K. Weed, of East Orange, New 
Jersey, rector of the Protestant Episcopal parish of Lake Charles, Louisiana. 

Thomas Evans, the fourth son, born at Florence, South Carolina, July 16, 
1882, received the degrees of A. B. and A. M. at the University of the South, 
Sewanee, Tennessee, and LL. B. at the University of the City of Chicago, and is 
an attorney at law in Chicago, Illinois. 

Llewellyn Stewart Evans, the youngest child, born at Florence, South Caro- 
lina, March 10, 1887, died May 27, 1888. 

Powell Evans, eldest son and second child of Dr. James and Maria An- 
toinette (Powell) Evans, was born at Little Rock, Marion county, South Caro- 
lina, June I, 1868. He graduated from Hobart College, Geneva, New York, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, in 1888, member of Phi Beta Kappa, Lit- 
erary and Social Fraternities, and engaged in business as a civil and electrical 
engineer, which he continues to the present time. He is president and man- 
ager of the Merchant & Evans Company of Philadelphia, manufacturers of 
tinplate, and other metals in all lines ; and is also president of the International 
Sprinkler Company. He is much interested in street, passenger and other 
railways, automobile and good roads work, as well as in fire protection 
engineering. He is a director of the ^Merchants' National Bank of 

78o EVANS 

Philadelphia, and a member of the University, Racquet and Philadel- 
phia Country Clubs, and of the Pennsylvania Society Sons of the Revolution. 

He married, November 26, 1898, Julia Estelle Merchant, daughter of Clarke 
Merchant, Esq., of Philadelphia, and his wife, Sarah Watts, and granddaughter 
of General Merchant, first cadet at the United States Military Academy at 
West Point from Albany, New York, and a distinguished officer of the United 
States army, by his wife, a Miss Lovekin, of Newburyport, Massachusetts. 

Clarke Merchant, born in the Oglethorpe Barracks, Georgia, where his father 
was then stationed, entered the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, 
Maryland, and graduated there in 1857. He served throughout the Civil War 
in the United States navy as a commander, under Admiral Porter. He resigned 
from the navy in 1867 and engaged in business in Philadelphia until his death 
in May, 1904, having become one of the wealthiest and most influential citizens 
of the city. He was the founder of the firm of Merchant & Co., now the Mer- 
chant & Evans Company, and president of the Schuylkill Traction Company. 
He married, in 1863, Sarah Schoenberger Watts, daughter of Henry Miller 
and Sarah (Schoenberger) Watts, of Philadelphia. Powell and Julia Estelle 
(Merchant) Evans, have one child, Anita Merchant Evans, born March 20, 1900. 


Richard Smith, of Troy (now Troy Hills), Hanover township, Morris county, 
New Jersey, was with some considerable degree of probability not the emigrant 
ancestor of his line, for the reason that Morris county in general and Hanover 
township in particular were each settled in the main by families of New England 
ancestry who came variously by way of Newark, Woodbridge and Elizabethtown, 
New Jersey, the English settlements on Long Island, and from New England, 
direct (Tuttle's "Annals of Morris County"). The allied and hereinafter men- 
tioned families of Dod, Ailing, Parritt, Osborn, Howell and Cobb in particular 
so came. As a rule, one generation at least, and more frequently several, preceded 
(as residents of this part of New Jersey) those of their pioneering descendants 
who pushed even beyond the bounds of the Newark settlement made by the Bran- 
ford colonists, over the "first mountain" and "second mountain" (of the present 
Oranges), or followed the more circuitous route of the Passaic Valley to what was 
the first settlement in Morris county, made at Whippany, some time about 1700. 
(Sherman's "Historic Morristown, New Jersey"). The great influx of settlers 
between this date and 1738 (when by reason of its population Morris county was 
first set off as a county separate from Hunterdon, of which it had previously 
formed a part), makes it idle to speculate whether Richard Smith was born within 
the confines of what was later Morris county, or whether he removed there with 
so many others. The former is not at all likely, as the birth of his eldest son in 
1720 indicates such an age on his part as to have made its possibility doubtful. 
Beyond the tradition that he was of Long Island ancestry, as were many of the 
settlers of Troy and Parsippany, no record is known of his place of birth" or 
parents. The fact that he owned land in Troy or Parsippany as early as 1738 is 
shovra by a recently discovered mortgage deed given by "Samuel Smith of the 
County of Morris" to "Joseph French of the City and Province of New York," 
dated July 5, 1764, and recorded Morristown, New Jersey, November 8, 1766, 
Book A, page 23 of mortgages, which refers to : 

"All that Tract of Land situate lying and being in Hanover Township in the County 
of Morris and Province of New Jersey afsd which was purchased by Richard Smith Father 
to the Grantor to these Presents, of one George Bowlby by Deed bearing Date the Second 
Day of October 1738 and by s<l Richard Smith possessed until Day of his Death * * * Be- 
ginning at a post North side Parsipening Brook * * * containing eighty one acres * * * 
being all that tract of Land whereon the sd Samuel Smith now lives * * *" 

This deed of 1738 has not yet (as this copy goes to press) been located, but it is 
hoped that a search now in progress will establish by documentary evidence that 
this Richard Smith, of Hanover township, county of Morris, was the Richard 
Smith born 1695 at Woodbridge, New Jersey, son of Richard Smith, who died 
there 1711 (Woodbridge Town Records) and whose descent is believed to be 
from Richard Smith who was of Boston, 1630, and later of Smithtown, Long 

In the record of the travels in America in 1780-82 by Marquis De Chastellux, 


one of the members of the French Academy and major-general in the French 
army serving under Count de Rochambeau, perhaps one of the earliest descriptive 
printed records of the place of Richard Smith's residence is to be found. Speak- 
ing particularly of that part of his trip from the Highlands of the Hudson to 
Morristown, he says : 

"One of the villages which forms a little township, bears the beautiful name of Troy. 
Here the country is more open and continues so to Morristown. I pursued my journey some- 
times through the woods, at others through well cultivated lands and villages inhabited by 
Dutch faniihes." 

With one noted exception (namely, the Von Beverhoudts, one of the earlier 
occupants of "Beverwyck," at which Washington was frequently a visitor while 
spending the winters at Morristown, seven miles distant), there is no record of the 
occupation of Troy by the Dutch, and as "Beverwyck" was at this time the resi- 
dence of Abraham Lott (see Mellick's "Story of an Old Farm," p. 475) the Mar- 
f;uis must have referred to the considerable Dutch settlements he doubtless passed 
through farther north. "Parsippany" (in its varied spellings) seems to have been 
the name applied originally to the territory now comprehended within the bounds 
of both Troy Hills and Parsippany, and from the earliest settlements in Morris 
county at Whippany was apparently identified with its present location. When 
Rev. Hezekiah Smith in 1764 visited Samuel and Benjamin Smith, the two sons 
of Richard Smith, he records in his diary a visit to Parsippany. Apparently the 
designation of Troy by that name was not general until after this date. 

It seems probable, though we have no proof, that at least Richard Smith's chil- 
dren were born in New Jersey, since the earliest dated record starts with the birth 
in 1720 of his eldest son, Samuel. Richard Smith was a considerable landowner 
in Troy, and by his will, dated Feb. 17, 1763 (Recorded Liber H of Wills, p. 390, 
Trenton, New Jersey, and in which he refers to himself as of "Hanover County 
of Morris"), devised his land equally between his two sons, Samuel and Benjamin, 
with bequests to his "daughter Rachel Person" (Pierson), and to his grandchil- 
dren, Thomas and Elizabeth Cobb. Firstly, however, he bequeaths one-third of 
all his movable estate to "Sarah, my dearly beloved wife." He must have died 
not many months after execution of his will, for we find the latter proven, and the 
brothers, Samuel and Benjamin, sworn as executors, July i, 1763. 

Richard Smith and Sarah = , his wife, had: 

Samuel, eldest son, b. 1720; m. Hannah Allen, who was b. 1726. He resided at Parsip- 
pany, N. J., on the site of what was later the Peter Righter place, about one-quarter 
mile toward Boonton, N. J., from "the Corner" at Parsippany (E. E. Willis, of Power- 
ville, N. J., a lineal descendant, while surrogate of Morris Co., verified this tradition 
from the county records), then at Morristown, and later at Boonton, from whence in 
the fall of 1770, by "Jersey Wagon" drawn by oxen, he and the greater part of his 
family journeyed to Lake Champlain, to Skenesboro (now the village of Whitehall, 
N. Y.), on the headwaters, thence by boat to the present limits of the town of Panton, 
whence after three years and with such of his family as had removed from New 
Jersey with him, finally to Bridport, Vt. Several of their nine children took a most 
active part in the Revolution: especially Rhoda. who m. Bethuel Farrand. who was 
present with his command at Yorktown, and whose own stirring and patriotic deeds 
are fitly preserved in verse (see "Rhoda Farrand," in "Patriotic Poems of New 
Jersey") : also Nathan, who was second behind Colonel Ethan Allen in entering Fort 
Ticonderoga; and Salome, who was among the women and children sent to Skenes- 
boro by order of Major Carlton in 1778. For further record of the very considerable 
number of descendants from this branch of the family in the families of Smith, Cobb, 
Baker, Wilcox, Wines. Baldwin, Haward, Farrand, Grandy, Eldridge and Doty, see 
"Smith Centennial Memorial," published Rutland, Vt., 1772; 


Rhoda, m. John Cobb (son of Ebenezer Cobb and Mehitable (Robinson) Cobb, of 
Taunton, Mass., and later of Parsippany, N. J.), who was b. Dec. 17, 1723, and d. 
1799; he had a forge at Rockaway, Morris Co., N. J.; for descendants see "The Cobb 
Family," in J. P. Crayon's "Rockaway Records, Morris Co., N. J." The Cobb records 
show the marriage as above and Richard Smith's will mentions his grandchildren, 
Elizabeth and Thomas Cobb. The latter receipted on Jan. 16, 1781, to having "re- 
ceived of Hiram and Benjamin Smith the full Sum of ten Pounds New York Cur- 
rency Which money fell to me by the Last Will and testament of my Grandfather 
Richard Smith deceased which has since fell into the Estate of the S^ Hiram and 
Benjamin Smith" (Smith papers, Troy Hills, N. J.) ; 

Benjamin, b. May 1725 (see following); 

Rachel, b. Oct. 13, 17351 d. March 22, 1813 (gravestone record, Shelburn, Vt.) ; men- 
tioned ill her father's will as "my daughter Rachel Person," and except for bequests 
to her mother in lieu of dower and those made to EHzabeth and Thomas Cobb, her 
niece and nephew respectively, was bequeathed the remainder of his movable estate. 
She m. Moses Pierson, of Hanover, N. J., March 27, 1754 (see p. 78 ct seq of Pierson 
Genealogy, by Lizzie B. Pierson, Albany, N. Y., 1878). 

Benjamin Smith, of Troy (now Troy Hills), New Jersey, born May, 1725, 
died July 20, 1767 (Smith Family Bible, Troy Hills), was with his elder brother, 
mentioned in his father's will as "my beloved sons Samuel and Benjamin." The 
two brothers occupied different farms at the time of their father's death, as ap- 
pears from the codicil to the will as follows : 

"Concerning my two sons, as Samuel has made the place he now lives on much better 
by cost and labor, I will that he by Benjamin shall be allowed in the division of the land 
what is right and reasonable, and provided they cannot agree, then to leave it to two or 
more honest men to decide it for them and further I say not." 

The names of both Samuel and Benjamin frequently appear on the records at 
Morristown in connection with both purchase and sale of land in Hanover town- 
ship, though apparently but relatively few of the considerable number of docu- 
ments evidencing the transactions in which they were concerned were recorded 
(Smith MSS.). 

The tradition is, that by assisting his brother, Samuel, who became in straighten- 
ed circumstances, Benjamin largely impaired his own resources, which had been 
relatively considerable. Tradition also records that he was a devoutly religious 
man, though in this doubtless not differing froin other members of the community 
in Hanover township at this time. Unfortunately the records of the Parsippany 
church for this period have not been preserved, and we are denied such light as 
these may have cast upon this phase of his life. The Rev. Hezekiah Smith, of 
Haverhill, ^Massachusetts, and one of the celebrated preachers of his day, later one 
of the chaplains in Washington's army, and a former resident of Morris county, 
though not a known relative of this line, records in his diary for 1764, that he 
"stopped with Samuel and Benjamin Smith of Porcipening" and held religious 
services at their homes. ("Rev. Hezekiah Smith's Diary," Philadelphia, 1885, p. 

Benjamin married, December 11, 1752, Hannah Dod, who was born in Bloom- 
field, New Jersey, December 18, 1734, and died at Troy, October 18, 1771, daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant Samuel Dod, of Orange, and Mary Pierson. Samuel was bom 
about 1695, and died April 16, 1773, and was son of Samuel Dod, born at Bran- 
ford, Connecticut, May 2, 1657, and died in Newark, New Jersey, 1714 (will dated 
February 3, 1712-13), son of Daniel Dod, who was of Branford as early as 1664-5. 
See "Dod Genealogy," Newark, New Jersey, 1864, also Littell's "Early Settlers 
of the Passaic Valley," Feltville, New Jersey, 1851 ; although while both agree 


with the Smith record as to her date of birth and marriage, the former incorrectly 
states that Hannah married "Samuel Smith," and the latter incompletely records 
that she married " Smith." 

There can be no reasonable doubt as to either the need for or accuracy of these 
corrections since (among other evidence furnished by Smith MSS., Troy Hills, 
New Jersey) Lieutenant-Colonel Hiram Smith, the son of Benjamin and Hannah, 
has left us his Bible record as to his mother's name and dates of birth and mar- 
riage to this effect, and also living until his death in 1833 in the family of his son, 
Hiram, Jr., has left with them this record concerning his mother which has been 
reduced to writing by Mary Allen (Osborn) Smith, whose aptitude and interest 
for genealogical records was marked. Furthermore, as below noted, one of Ben- 
jamin Smith's executors was his wife's brother Aaron, who lived until 1821 (Dod 
Genealogy), and was intimately associated with his nephews in many ways. The 
connection existing between the family of Benjamin and Hannah, with Orange, 
the home of Samuel Dod is further shown by the marriage of one daughter into 
the Williams family of that place, and by the church membership which Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Hiram took out there at a time when his sisters and younger brothers 
are traditionally reported to have made their home in early youth with their 
mother's family after the latter's death in 1771. 

Benjamin Smith's will dated "Hanover in the County of Morris," June 3, 1767, 
is recorded December 9, 1767, Liber i, p. 188 of Wills, Trenton, New Jersey; 
executors, Samuel Smith and Aaron Dod; witnesses, Ebenezer Cobb, Isaac Ser- 
geant and John Cobb; mentions his wife, Hannah, "Sons Caleb, Hyram, Benja- 
min and Richard." Hannah (Dod) Smith's will, dated October 5, 1771, is record- 
ed March 11, 1774, Liber K, p. 495 of Wills, Trenton, New Jersey; executor, John 
Cob : witnesses, Isaac Sergeant and Caleb Crane ; mentions daughters, Elizabeth 
and Mary. 

Children of Benjamin Smith and Hannah (Dod) Smith (Smith Family Bible 
Record, Troy Hills) were: 

Caleb, b. July 9, 1753; drowned Sept. 13, 1771; 
Mary, b. May 17, 1755; d. Oct. 3, 1756; 
Hiram, b. Dec. 22, 1756 (of whom later) ; 

Elizabeth, b. April 26, 1759; m. Matthias Williams, of Orange, N. J.; d. Sept. 17, 1786; 
Benjamin, b. March 24, 1761 ; d. Oct. i, 1829; m. Rebecca Farrand, April 2, 1786. Their 
son, Ebenezer F., who m. Elizabeth Farrand, had Andrew Jackson Smith, of Troy, 
who m. Caroline E. Bramin, and had George B., Emma L., Elizabeth, and Caroline. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Ebenezer F. and Elizabeth above, ni. John O. Condit, of Troy, and 
had Stephen Hobart, Benjamin Smith, Susan Margaret, and John Howell Condit, all 
of Troy; all m. and all the sons left descendants (see also "Condit Genealogy"); 
Richard, b. June 4, 1763; d. Dec. 6, 1764; 

Richard (2d), b. Aug. 7, 1765; d. July 25, 1844; m-. Jan. 14, 1788, Susanna Howell, who 
was b. Dec. 15, 1771. They had; 

Mary, b. July 31, 1791; m. Samuel Farrand, whose only child, Dr. Richard Smith 

Farrand, ni. Harriet Stevens, and had one child, William, who d. s. p. ; 
Abraham, b. Dec. i8, 1793, and d. April 20, 1797; 

Abraham (2d) b. Dec. 31, 1797; m. Harriet E. Howell, May 29, 1832; he d. Dec. 
I, 1858. Their only dau., Susan, b. Sept. 23, 1834, m. Hiram Colwell, and d. s. p., 
July I, 1859. Issue in this line is extinct. (Record in Richard (b. 1765) Smith's 
Bible, now in possession of Mrs. John Mitchell, Troy Hills, N. J.). 
Mary (2d) ("Polly"), b. Sept. 24, 1767; d. April 25, 1792; was the first wife of Colonel 
I.ininol n. Cnbb, of Parsippaiiy, N. J.; their only dau.. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 26, 1790, ni., 
Nov. 19, 1809, Benjamin Howell, of Troy, and d. April 18, 1869, leaving many descend- 
ants through their sons, Monroe Howell, of Troy, and B. F. Howell, of Miorristown, 


Lieutenant-Colonel Hiram Smith, of Troy (now Troy Hill) (often re- 
ferred to as "Col. Hiram" or "Senior"), born December 22, 1756, the eldest sur- 
viving child of his parents; married, October 14, 1778, Eleanor Parritt, of Troy, 
and died there, April 2y, 11 p. m., 1833, and was buried at Parsippany. (Hiram 
Smith Bible record, also Parsippany gravestone record). He was left without 
father or mother on the latter's death in 1771, himself then only fifteen years of 
age and the eldest of a surviving family of five. At the age of twenty he entered 
the service of the United States as sergeant in the Third Regiment of Jersey Line, 
Continental Army (see Stryker's "Official List of Officers and Men of N. J. in 
Rev. War," pp. 93 and 457). A statement of his military services may best be 
given in his own words as taken from a contemporary record he prepared shortly 
before his death in connection with an application to obtain the benefits of an Act 
of Congress passed June 7, 1832, whereby Revolutionary War services rendered 
between fifty and sixty years prior thereto, entitled the participant to recognition 
and recompense by the nation. (See Pension Office Record, Washington, D. C. 
for the originals from which the following documents bearing upon the military 
service of Hiram Smith are copied) : 

Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the 
Act of Congress passed June 7, 1832. 
State of New Jersey! 
County of Morris \ss. 

On this thirtieth day of July, A. D. 1832. personally appeared, in open court, before the 
Judges of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas of said County now sitting, Col. Hiram 
Smith a resident of Hanover Township in the County of Morris and State of New Jersey, 
aged seventy-five years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath, make 
the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 
7th, 1832. 

That he enlisted the service of the United States under the following officers and served 
as herein stated : that he enlisted as a Sergeant in the month of February or March A. D. 
(776 in the Company of State troops commanded by William Ejune Emily, in the Regiment 
commanded by Col. Elias Dayton, that Walter White was the Lieut. Col. and Francis Bar- 
ber, Major that — -Lloyd was the first Lieutenant of the Company, Daniel Pierson, 

Second Lieutenant and * * * Gallaudet the Ensign — That at the time he enlisted he resided 
in the Township of Hanover aforesaid where he now lives, that immediately after he enlisted 
he was engaged a short time in recruiting, and after having recruited thirty-seven troops he 
marched with the regiment, first to Albany — from thence against a division of British troops 
composed of Indians and Scotch under Sir John Johnson at Johnstown — that on their 
arrival Johnson and his troops retreated and thereupon Col. Dayton entered and occupied 
Johnstown about two months — that from thence marched to Fort Stanwix, then built a fort 
called Fort Schuyler — remained there until late in the autumn, thence returned to Schenect- 
ady, and was thence ordered and marched to Ticonderoga, where the regiment in which he 
served was united with other Jersey regiments, Pennsylvania and Easton (?) troops com- 
manded by Genl. Gates. He says he was well acquainted with General Wines, Major Will- 
iam DeHart and also Genl. Gates the comtnander — That while at Ticonderoga the British 
army came down in sight, that one or two pieces of Jersey ordinance being fired upon them, 
the British retreated— that he remained in the service with the said division of the army 
during the winter, and returned home in the Spring of 1777, after the expiration of one full 
year from the time he enlisted. 

That during the summer of 1777 he was appointed Subaltern officer to command a guard 
at the Court House in Morris town in the County of Morris aforesaid, where he remained 
for one month. That afterwards in the Autumn of the same year, he was called out in the 
Militia with a Lieutenant's Commission in the Brigade commanded by General Wines, in 
the Regiment commanded by Col. Seely and in a Company commanded by Captain Daniel 
Brown— was marched westward to New Windsor in the State of New York for the pur- 
pose of protecting the towns on the Hudson River from conflagration by the British fleet, 
then Iving off New Windsor, was there at least a month and until Gen'l. Burgoyne was taken. 

That this deponent has no certificate or documentary evidence of his discharge. That 
his commission as Lieutenant was signed by Gov. Livingston then Governor of the State of 
New Jersey, but that the same is now lost, mislaid or destroyed, that he has recently searched 
for it but that it cannot now be found. 

That he was afterward ordered to Elizabeth Town in New Jersey under Col. Seely 
where he served for two months, part of which time he was engaged in guarding a large 


Provision ship, named Asia, which had been taken from the British. That afterward on the 
alarm to resist the British at the battle and burning of Springfield, he repaired to the scene 
of action. At another alarm when the British made a sortie from New York to Elizabeth- 
town point, remained there two or three weeks. He was afterward in the service at another 
alarm and skirmish at Bellville and Hackensack and was out about one month. 

That he was afterward called out and served about one month under Captain Jonas 
Ward in Somerset County as a guard to protect Lord Sterling from the British troops and 
other service. That besides the services before mentioned he was often called out on alarms 
being given, sometimes for a longer, sometimes for a shorter period, but cannot recollect 
particularly the occasions or the length of time. He feels safe, however, in declaring that 
besides the services herein-before particularly mentioned he was engaged in the service at 
least three months in alarms. That he never received any written discharge from the serv- 
ice. That he has resided ever since the Revolutionary War in the Township of Hanover 
where he now lives. That he was born the 22nd day of December A. D. 1756 and has a 
record of his age in the family Bible. 

That he can prove by Mr. John Canfield a creditable witness of the County of Morris 
aforesaid that he served as Sergeant for one full year on the northern tour in the State 
troops as he has heretofore particularly stated. Can prove by Stephen Cook a creditable 
witness of the County of Morris that he served one month at the Court House in Morris 
town aforesaid as is hereinbefore stated. By William Ball and Jeremiah Howell creditable 
witnesses of the County of Morris, that he served one month at New Windsor when Genl. 
Burgoyne was taken. By John Esler a creditable witness of the said County of Morris, that 
he served at Elizabeth town, Bellville, Springfield and Hackensack, and by the above named 
John Canfield that he served one month in the County of Somerset under Captain Jonas 
Ward as is hereinbefore stated. 

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present 
and declares that his name is not on the Pension Roll of the Agency of any State. Sworn 
to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid. Hiram Smith. 

We Jesse Upson, Stephen Vail, and Lewis Condict residing in the County of Morris 
hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Hiram Smith, Esq. who has subscribed and 
sworn to the above declaration, that we believe him to be seventy-five years of age : that he 
is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the 
Revolution and that we concur in that opinion. 

Sworn and subscribed the day and year aforesaid. 

Stephen Vail, 
Jesse Upson. Lewis Condict. 

And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion after their investigation of the 
matter, and after putting the interrogatories prescribed by the War Department, that the 
above named applicant was a Revolutionary soldier and served as he stated. And the Court 
further certifies that it appears to them that Stephen Vail who has signed the preceding cer- 
tificate is a resident of the Township_ of Morris in the County aforesaid, and that Lewis 
Condit who has also signed the same is a resident in the Township of Morris in the County 
aforesaid and are credible persons and that their statement is entitled to credit. 

Wllliam Brittin, 
Stephen Vail, 
Jesse Upson. 

I David Day Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas, do hereby certify that the fore- 
going contains the original proceedings of the said Court in the matters of the application of 
Hiram Smith for a pension. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto 

set my hand and seal of office this 

(Seal of Morris County) thirty-first day of July in the year of 

our Lord one thousand eight hundred 

and thirty-two. 

David Day, Clk. 

Hiram Smith, Esqr. the within Declarant is one of the most reputed citizens of Morris 
County — has been Sheriff thereof for two or three years and for several years a member of 
the State Legislature and a Judge of the Com. Pleas. 

His statement of facts as set forth in his Declaration has my entire belief. 

Morristown N Jersey 
Aug. 22 1832 
Lewis Condict, one of the Representa- 
(Endorsed) lives from N. Jersey 

Declaration etc. of Hiram Smith. 

New Jersey] 
Morris Co. \ss. 

Be it remembered that on the thirty-first day of July A. D. 1832 before the Inferior Cour, 
of Common Pleas in and for the County of Morris, personally appeared John Campfield of 


Hanover in the said County who being duly sworn according to law on his oath saith that 
he is acquainted \yith Col. Hiram Smith of the said township and county and has been 
acquainted with him since the commencement of the revolutionary war — Knows that he 
served in the Continental Service of the United States Army as Sergeant for one full year 
ending in the Spring of 1777— deponent served with him as messmate during that time dur- 
ing which time they marched to New York through Albany to Ticonderoga on Lake Cham- 
plain and returned back to Morristown in said County and were there discharged — deponent 
thinks he served with the said Col. Smith in the militia in the Service of the States during 
the revolutionary war at least two full months besides the service above stated in the conti- 
nental line — One month when they had a battle at a place AUentown ( ?) in the County of 
Esse.x above Suone ( ?) River — deponent thinks he was out in the service of the militia 
■with the said Col. Smith another full month at a time when they went to protect Lord Stir- 
ling and further deponent saith not. Sworn and Subscribed in open Court the day and year 
above written. John Campfield. 

Stephen Vail. 
(Endorsed) Mr. John Campfield's 

New Jerseyl 
Morris Co. \ss. 

Be it remembered that on the thirty-first day of July A. D. 1832 before the Inferior 
Court of Common Pleas of the County of Morris personally appeared John Estler of the 
township of Pequannack in the County of Morris who being duly sworn according to law 
on his oath saith that he is acquainted with Col. Hiram Smith of the township of Hanover 
in the said County and has been acquainted with him since the commencement of the 
revolutionary war— deponent was sergeant of the same Company of militia of which Col. 
Smith was lieutenant during the said war — deponent recollects that he served with the said 
Col. Smith and under him as a lieutenant for more than two months at Elizabethtown for 
one full month at Bellville, he thinks for two weeks at Springfield at the time of the battle, 
at or near Hackensack_(sic) for one month — deponent served with him at other times on 
alarms and other occasions during the war — deponent thinks that he served with the said 
Col. Smith at least six months in all during the revolutionary war — the said Col. Smith he 
thinks served at other times during the said war when deponent was not with him and further 
deponent saith not. 

Sworn and subscribed in open Court the day and year above written. 

Stephen Vaii,. John EslER. 

(Endorsed) Mr. John Estler's affidavit. 

New Jersey] 
Morris Co. \ss. 

Be it remembered that on the thirty-first day of July A. D. 1832 before the Inferior 
Court of Common Pleas, in and for the County of Morris personally appeared Stephen 
Cooke of the township of Hanover in the said County who being duly sworn according to 
law on his oath saith he has been acquainted with Col. Hiram Smith of said township since 
the year 1776, knows that he served as an officer of the militia for the States during the 
revolutionary war — deponent served one month with him at Morristown in said County — 
knows that the said Col. Smith held a commission and was an officer of the guard and had 
the command — and deponent was under him — deponent believes that he served as an officer 
during the said war at other times but he had no personal knowledge of any further service 
and further deponent saith not. 

Sworn and Subscribed in Open Court the day and year above written. 

William Brittin. Stephen Cooke- 

(Endorsed) Stephen Cooke's affidavit 
for Col. Smith. 

New Jersey _ | 
County of Morrisli'j. 

Personally appeared before me Eben F. Smith one of the Justices of the peace in and 
for the sd. County Jeremiah Howell of Hanover in the County of Morris who being duly 
sworn according to law on his oath saith — that he is acquainted with Col. Hiram Smith of 
the township of Hanover in Sd. County and has been acquainted with him since the com- 
mencement of the revolutionary war — In 1777 Colo. Hiram Smith as aforesaid served as a 
Lieutenant in Capt Dan Brown's Company in Colo. Seely Regt. Gen. Winds Brigade of 
New Jersey Militia at New Windsor in the State of New York — One month or thereabouts 
at the time Genl. Bugine (Sic) was taken and further this deponent saith not. 
Sworn and Subscribed before me the ist day of Aug. 1832. 

Eben F. Smith. Jeremiah Howeli,. 


Jeremiah Howell's affidavit. 


Troy, N. J. Aug. 8, 1832 
Secretarj' of War 
Hon Sir 

We the undersigned, ministers of the Gospel in the Parish in which Col. Hiram Smith 
of the County of Morris and State of New Jersey resides, and the Parish next immediately 
adjacent, hereby avail ourselves with great pleasure of this opportunity of writing our joint 
testimonial in his favor. 

He has for a great length of time sustained a reputation equally elevated both in his 
private and public life; in his civil Military and Eccleseastical stations. 

The oldest member of the Church in Parsippany and for a long time the leading officer 
in its ecclesiastical government he has stood as the prominent pillar of its interests; equally 
successful in the discharge of the executive duties imposed upon him by his Country and 
the legislative functions devolved upon him by the States — and arrayed on the field of battle 
he showed himself worthy of all the confidence reposed in him by his Country then in the 
day that tried mens souls. 

He appears before you now, in this communication not to ask charity; but to give to his 
country an opportunity of making some small recognition and requital of the toils he endured 
in achieving that Independence for our country and for us which I trust as a ransomed 
nation we shall lack neither the gratitude nor justice to compensate. 

Aaron Condit, 
John Ford. 

I hereby certify to the Secretary of War that the aforesaid Aaron Condit and John 
Ford are Ministers of the Gospel in the Presbyterian Churches near to Col. Hiram Smith- 
that the first named has been settled over his congregation more than 35 years — that Mr. 
Ford has been settled over his Church for 10 or 12 years or more — and that the lives of 
both have always been highly exemplary and irreproachable and consistent with their pro- 
fession as I verily believe. Lewis Condict, One of the Repre- 
Addressed sentatives from N Jersey in the 

Morristown N. J. Aug. 10, 1832 Congress of the U. S. 

The Hon Lewis Cass 
Secy of War 

Hiram Smith No. 4625. 

The following facts in regard to the military services referred to, and some of 
the more important witnesses where names appear, are worth noting. 

A detailed account of the service and engagements of the Hanover township 
militia at Elizabethtown, Springfield, Belleville and Hackensack, in which Hiram 
Smith took part, may also be found in greater completeness set forth in the "Auto- 
biography of Ashbel Green, D. D., President of Princeton College," who had par- 
ticipated in them as a youth while residing with his father, Rev. Jacob Green, of 
Hanover, New Jersey. 

Stephen Vail was the builder of the famous Speedwell Iron Works, and father of Alfred 
Vail, a co-inventor with Morse of the telegraph. (See Rev. Rufus S. Green, p. 160, "History 
Morris Co.," Munsell & Co., N. Y., 1882). 

Lewis Condict was one of the most prominent men of the State — Speaker of the State 
Assembly 1808, and later of national prominence as Speaker of House of Representatives. 
tSee E. D. Halsey, in "History Morris Co.," &c., p. 78). 

Aaron Condict was pastor of the church at Hanover, N. J., 1796-1830. (Monroe Howell, 
in "History Morris Co.," &c., p. 225). 

John Ford was pastor of the church at Parsippany, N. J., 1815-1857. (Monroe Howell, 
in "History Morris Co.," &c., p. 225). 

Colonel Hiram Smith was a man of aflfairs in his tiine and community; justice 
of the peace, 1788-1793; member of Assembly, New Jersey State Legislature, 
1791-1792: sheriff of Morris county, 1794-95-96; county judge, 1800-1805; major 
First Battalion of Fourth or Lower Regiment, New Jersey militia, 1793- 1800; 
lieutenant-colonel of same, 1800 and 1801 ; and one of the incorporators, in 1806, 
of the Newark and Mt. Pleasant Turnpike Co. (see "History of Hanover Town- 
ship, Morris County," by Monroe Howell, in "Histot^ of Morris County, N. J.,"^ 


Munsell & Co., 1882. He was a member of the first board of trustees of the 
Presbyterian Church at Parsippany, elected i\Iarch 21, 1787, under the incorpora- 
tion act of Assembly of 1786, although its existence separate from the Hanover 
church dates from 1755 (records Presbyterian Church, Parsippany, New Jersey, by 
Parker). The subscription of himself and sons in May, 1828, toward the erection 
of a new (the present 191 1) church edifice, heads the list and was the largest 
amount pledged. His first residence was on the bluff near the present sawmill, 
on the estate of George B. Smith, Troy Hills, New Jersey, but his later residence, 
and built by Dr. Joseph Parritt, was on the road between Troy and Whippany, 
and known in recent years as the Edgar Smith place. Colonel Smith possessed a 
commanding presence and great dignity of bearing up to the time of his death, 
and was revered and esteemed as a man of unusual prominence in his community 
and generation. Portraits of Colonel Hiram and Eleanor (Parritt) Smith are 
preserved in the family in the possession of Miss Mary L. Smith, Troy Hills, New 

Eleanor Parritt, first wife of Colonel Hiram Smith, was born June i, 1760, died 
December 22, 9 p. m., 1810 (see obituary notice in Palladiuin of Liberty, Morris- 
town, New Jersey, November 27, 1810, which states her characteristics as "meek- 
ness, benevolence and humility;" see also Parsippany gravestone records), and 
was the daughter of Samuel Parritt, of Troy (son of Samuel, of Elizabethtown, 
New Jersey, as early as 1704, his autographic record of births and deaths in his 
family, now in possession of Miss Mary L. Smith, Troy Hills, New Jersey, stat- 
ing that his eldest child was then born there), born Elizabethtown, New Jersey, 
October 8, 1716, died Troy, November 29, 1788, and Eleanor, daughter and only 
child of Joseph Allin, Ailing or Allen (the first spelling is used in the mortgage 
cited below, but the second in many later records and particularly in the original 
partition deed of Parritt lands) of Troy, as early as 1737 (Hunterdon Mortgages 
1737, Secretary of States office. Trenton), but traditionally earlier of Elizabeth- 
town, New Jersey. The Smith homestead at Troy (on the road between Troy 
and Whippany), came from the Allings through the Parritt's, and, as the inherit- 
ance of Hiram Smith's wife, Eleanor Parritt, the partition deed (recorded Morris- 
town), by which Samuel Parritt's lands were, on the death of Dr. Joseph Parritt, 
divided among the latter's heirs at law, mentioning this fact and spelling the name 
"Ailing." The early Ailing house stood on the high ground near the "Washington 
Spring" (so named from the tradition that Washington frequently drank from it 
while enroute between Morristown and "Beverwyck"). The Samuel Parritt 
house stood on the site of what is in recent years known as the Nelson Mitchell 
place, about one-quarter mile nearer Whippany. 

Colonel Hiram Smith married (second), January 9, 1812, Susan Ten Eyck, of 
Albany, New York, born February 11, 1769, widow of Dr. Henry White Darbe, 
of Parsippany, New Jersey. She died September 24, 1826, and was buried at 
Parsippany. There was no issue of this marriage. 

Children of Hiram Smith and Eleanor (Parritt) Smith (Smith Family Bible 
Record, Troy Hills, New Jersey) were : 

Ann. b. Nov. 12, 1779: d. March 14, 1841 ; unm.; 

Elizabeth, b. Nov. 25, 1782; d. Nov., 1855: m. Silas Condict, of Orange, N. J., whose 
son was John Smith Condit, the father of John Smith Condit, the father of John Paul 
Conduit, of TIahualilo, Durango, Mexico. From this marriage also descend the Hay 
family of Nutley, N. J., and of Woodstock and Chicago, 111. ; 


Caleb, b. April 13, 1785; d. Oct. 11, 2 a. m., 1803; unm. ; obituary in Newark Centinal of 

Freedom, Oct. 18, 1803; bur. at Parsippany; 
Kate, b. Feb. 22, 1788; d. Feb., 1848; m. Dr. James Studdiford, and left descendants of 

that name living in St. Louis (though now spelled Van Studdiford) ; 
Eleanor, b. Jan. 6, 1791; d. Oct., 1849; m. Rev. J. Harvey Thomas, and left Archibald 

Thomas, who m. his cousin, Susan, dau. of Silas Condict, and left issue : Susan, 

Charles, and James; 
Samuel Parritt, b. Jan. 12, 1793; d. Aug. 11, 1853; bur. at Parsippany; m. Sarah Gray, 

and had Adriana, who d. unm., and Edgar G., who m. Ellen King, and had Melvin 

Gray and Florence Gray, all of Troy; 
Adriana, b. Sept. 11, 1796: d. March 30, 1862, 6 p. m.; unm; bur. at Parsippany; 
Hiram, Jr., b. Aug. 25, 1799 (of whom later). 

Hiram Smith, Jr., was the youngest child of his parents' family, born August 
25, 1799. He was continuously a resident of Troy, having resisted the "western 
fever" to which he at one time at least gave serious heed. He was an officer in the 
militia of the day, his name appearing on a call, June 13, 1818, for an "Officers 
Court," addressed to "the officers of the 4th Company of the 2nd Battalion of the 
4th Regiment of the Morris Brigade." In 1833, leaving his brother, Samuel P., 
still living at the then Smith homestead (known now as the Edgar G. Smith 
place), he removed his family to the present homestead, about a half a mile nearer 
I'arsippany, opposite the "Milk House Road," across the meadow. He was a most 
active and energetic man, in addition to the duties required by the management of 
his estate, organizing and directed during his life the conduct of an extensive 
business in transporting to and distributing in New York City the various dairy 
products of his own and adjoining communities of Morris county. New Jersey, 
and from Orange county. New York, etc. He was a trustee and liberal supporter 
of and subscriber to the erection of the new Presbyterian church edifice at Parsip- 
pany in 1828. He died in Troy, New Jersey, September 14, 1865, and was buried 
at Parsippany ; see gravestone record there. Will dated June 4, 1862, recorded 
Morristown, New Jersey. The latter records that at the request of his sons, Sam- 
uel B., J. Condit and George W., no provision was made for them in the division 
of the estate. 

(On September 9, 1822, he married Mary Allen Osborn, of Parsippany, New 
Jersey, born there, April 25, 1802, died at Troy Hills, April 16, 1872, and buried 
at Parsipoany (see gravestone record), only child of Thomas Osborn, Jr., and his 
wife, Hannah Howell, both of Parsippany. 

She was educated in the famous Moravian Seminary for Girls at Bethlehem, 
T'ennsylvania, then distant many days travel by stage or coach. She was also one 
cf three Parsippany girls who in the early years of the last century were and 
always continued intimate and attached friends, of whom the others were Marcia 
Condit, later Mrs. Gordon Burnham, of Morristown, New Jersey, and Julia Anna 
Cobb, later Mrs. William Coventry H. Waddell. Rearing all of her family of 
nine children to manhood and womanhood, and the head of the home during the 
childhood and early youth of six of her grandchildren, she filled a large place in 
their needs, and left in them numerous and enduring monuments to her many 
graces of character which are so aptly set forth in the Nezv York Observer for 
May 2. 1872, in the following notice which also records her death. A gravestone 
at Parsippany notes the dates of her birth and death and marks her place of burial. 

"Died— Smith— At the village of Troy, Morris Co.. N. J. April 16. (1872) Mary A. 
Smith wife of the late Hiram Smith in the 70th year of her age. 


The translation of this lady, as her removal in almost an instant of time makes it appear 
so to us, is a sore bereavement not alone to her afflicted family but to the community in 
which she dwelt; for every interest affecting society, moral, social, religious found in her a 
warm, cordial and active support. She was a remarkable person, few so much gifted, a 
central figure in our social fabric, the mother of a large family. She appreciated her re- 
sponsibilities by unwearied efforts for their moral and religious cultivation. In early life 
she became a member of the church in this place and her fidelity to the obligations which 
she then assumed have been beautifully exemplified in her daily life. The most prominent 
trait in her Christian character was her childlike simple faith in the promises of God ; no 
adversities or trials ever impaired her confidence; her closet fortified her to meet cheerfully 
every emergency in life and to accept every event however mysterious, as directed by infinite 
wisdom. She was never overwhelmed by doubts or shadows; her spiritual vision was ever 
clear; her activities were never abated by the gloom which darkens the pathway of many. 
She has left to all her children and grandchildren rich legacies in councils and instructions 
faithfully given, often repeated; and has, lastly, invited them all very tenderly 'to join her 
in that better country and unite with her throughout eternal ages in thanksgiving and praise 
for the grace which saves us'." 

Thomas Osborn, Jr. ("Deacon" Osborn), born October 12, 1753, and died July 
2j, 181S, buried at Parsippany, New Jersey, was the son of Thomas Osborn, Sr., 
born July 7, 1716, died December 19, 1803, and his wife, Phoebe Hand (daughter 
of David Hand and Patty Campbell, see Littell's "Passaic Valley," p. 177), born 
October 31, 1718, died October 28, 1811. He saw Revolutionary War service as 
a lieutenant in Captain Baldwin's company, Eastern Battalion (Stryker's "Officers 
and Men of N. J. in the Revolutionary War," p. 430). He at one time owned 
part of the homestead of George Washington Smith, of Parsippany, deeding same 
in 1798 to Sylvester Halsey. Thomas Osborn, Jr., was a deacon in the Baptist 
church at Morristown, New Jersey, but after moving from Rockaway, New Jer- 
sey, his residence was at Parsippany, on the road from Parsippany to Whippany 
or Malapardis, occupied during the Revolutionary War by the family of Governor 
Livingston and known latterly as the Benedict place. (Osborn vital statistics 
taken from Osborn Family Bible Record, Troy Hills ; see also tombstone record 
at Parsippany of T. O., Jr., and H. H., below). 

Hannah Howell, born Troy, New Jersey, on a site opposite the A. J. Smith 
residence, June 20, 1763, died March 20, 1829; married (first) Major Lem- 
uel Minton, of the Continental army, of Littleton, New Jersey, for whose descend- 
ants, among others, in the families of Mason, Miller of Chicago, see tree of de- 
scendants of Edward Howell, of Southampton, Long Island, by George W. 
Howell, of Morristown, New Jersey), was the daughter of Gideon Howell, of 
Troy, later of Littleton, Morris county, New Jersey, born January 26, 1728, died 
January 20, 1803 (and Sarah Gordon, married, April 2, 1753; see Hanover, New 

Jersey marriages), son of Edward Howell (married Abigail , June 13, 

1712), died October 13, 1772, son of Richard Howell, of Southampton, Long 
Island, fourth son of Mr. Edward Howell, one of the original patentees of South- 
ampton, Long Island, and whose name occupies a place of special prominence in 
the early history of Long Island. He was made "Freeman," Boston, March 14, 
1639. His children were born in England, as per record of their birth on parish 
register of Marsh Gibbon, county Bucks, wherein he is referred to as "Gentle- 
man"; by a sale concluded July 8, 1639, he sold for ii6oo his manor of Westbury, 
which had been purchased by his grandfather, William Howell, in 1536. (See 
Howell's "History of Southampton, L. I.," also "Doc. Hist. State, N. Y."). 

Children of Hiram Smith, Jr., and Mary Allen (Osborn) Smith, all born Troy, 
New Jersey, were : 


Eleanor Augusta, b. July 27, 1823, and m., Feb. 
descent from Edward Doty, of the "Mayflower," 1620; see Baylies "Chronicles of 
Plymouth"), a missionary to Amoy, China, sent out by the American Board of Boston. 
She d. at Amoy, China, Feb. 28, 1858, and was bur. in missionary burying-ground on 
the Island of Kolongsu, off the coast of Amoy. He died on the ship, "N. B. Palmer," 
four days out from New York, March 18, 1865, home bound from China; bur. at Par- 
sippany, N. J. Of their six children, all bom at Amoy, China, the surviving four 
returned to N. J. shortly following their mother's death, and made their home at the 
Smith homestead at Troy. Issue: 

Edward Smith, b. Dec. 11, 1847; d. July 4, 1848; 

Charles Winchester, of Jeanette, Pa., b. Nov. 4, 1849; graduated Williams College, 
A. B., 1871 ; m., March 3, 1873, Eleanor Negley Garrison, of Milwaukee. They 
had an only child, Eleanor Belle Doty, d. March 30, 1910; 
Mary Augusta, b. Sept. 16, 1851; m., Oct. 18, 1876, George B. Smith, of Troy, 
N. J. Issue: 

Andrew Jackson, b. July 14, 1882; 
Eleanor Doty, b. July 17, 1885. 
Samuel Holmes, of Warren, Pa., b. Oct. 18, 1853 ; engineer and railroad contractor ; 
d. April IS (?), 1899; m., June 20, 1878, Caribelle Stranahan, of Warren, Pa. 

Eleanor Stranahan, b. April 10, 1879; 

Samuel Stranahan, b. Jan. 29, 1881 ; m., June, 1906, Helen Clark. Issue : 
Jane Grey, b. Aug. 18, 1907; 
Samuel Stranahan, Jr., b. June 12, 1909. 
Ellen Marcia, b. Oct. 12, 1855; m., Aug. 19, 1885, Rev. Alfred Van Cleve Johnson. 

Alfred Doty, b. Oct. 19, 1886; 
Van Cleve, b. July s, 1888; 
Francis, b. June 27, 1890; 
Mary, b. April 26, 1893 ; 
Mark, b. June 10, 1895 ; 
Margaret, b. June 11, 1897. 
Elmina Louisa, b. Feb. 10, 1858; d. July 2, 1858. 
Thomas Osborn, b. Troy, N. J., July 4, 1825; of firm of T. O. Smith & Co.. New York 
City; residence at Troy, N. J., where he d. April 6, 1892; bur. at Parsippany, N. J.; he 
m. (first). May 18. 1847. Mary Halsey Green (dau. Robert and Rachel (Quinby) 
Green, of Troy), who d. March 21, 1852. Issue: 

Eleanor Augusta, b. Feb. 3, 1848; living in Troy Hills, N. J.; 
Mary Elmina, b. Feb. 4, 1852; d. May 25, 1875. 
He m. (second), Dec. 13, 1855, Annie Rebecca Ogden, dau. of Farrand and Hvla 
(Mitchell) Ogden. Issue: 

Adriana Benedict, b. Feb. 10, 1857; m., Feb. 11, 1886, Frank P. Cook, of Hanover, 
N. J., son of Lindtey Cook. Issue: 
Thomas Smith, b. Dec. 11, 1886; 
Charles Richard, b. June 18, 1889; 
Rena Jeanette, b. July 26, 1890. 
Farrand Ogden, b. May 17, 1859; m., June 16, 1891, Grace C. Parker, of Bridge- 
port, Conn.; 
Hiram, b. Nov. 15, 1863; d. Aug. 15, 1864; 

Thomas Osborn, of New York City, b. Sept. 30, 1865; of firm of T. O. Smith's 
Sons, of New York City; m., Oct. 12, 1892, Mary E., dau. Melvin S. Condit, of 
Boonton, N. J.; 
William Sandford, b. March 15, 1869; d. April 14, 1872; 

Bertha Anna, b. June 5, 1872; m., June 8, 1898, Frank H. Arnout, of Warwick, 
N. Y. Issue: Frank Douglas, b. June 3, 1901. 
Samuel B., b., Troy, N. J., Oct. 3, 1827; entered Sophomore class, Yale, in his sixteenth 
year, remaining one year, then entering Princeton, from which he was graduated with 
degree of A. B. in 1847. In 1849 he removed to California, his voyage around Cape 
Horn taking 167 days. He was admitted to the bar in California, elected and served 
as Sheriff of Yuba county, notwithstanding the fact that his two predecessors had been 
murdered in the discharge of their o.fficial duties; elected State Senator from Sutter 
cnunty in 1852; appointed, in 1855, on the joint commission with Gen. Denver to 
obtain from Congress moneys expended by the State in suppressing hostile Indians, 
the success of which mission brought in a large sum to the State and led to many 


trusts being placed in his hands. From 1854 to 1857 he was law partner of Stephen J. 
Field, later of the U. S. Supreme Court. In 1861 he removed East and was for sev- 
eral years president and manager of Clifton Iron Company, St. Lawrence county, N. 
Y. ; later president of Chicago & Atlantic Railway Co., during its construction period. 
He resided at Madison, N. J.: Washington, D. C, and iinally at Fredonia, N. Y., 
where he d. June 6, 1886; bur. Forrest Hill Cemetery. Fredonia, N. Y. 

He m. (first), Oct. 30, 1856, Maria DeVoe Cisco, dau. John J. Cisco, of New York, 
for many years Sub-Treasurer of the United States. She d. March 18, 1869, at Madi- 
son, N. J., bur. Cisco Vault, Trinity Church, New York. Issue: 

Mary Ann, b., California, Sept. 24, 1857; m., Dec 14, 1887, James Harvey Bostwick, 

of New York; 
Robert Sherrard, of Boston, b., California, July 13, i860; m. March 7, 1886, Alice 

Delia Riley; 
Lewis Condit, of New York City, b. there, Oct. 17, 1862; m., Oct. 29, 1898, Emma 
Gill, dau. of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew W. Gill, of New York. Issue: Gill, b. 
May 25, 1899; 
Hiram, of New York City, and Morristown, N. J., b., Troy, N. J., June 12, 1865. 
He m. (second), Nov, 17, 1874. Mrs. Alice McClenathan Goff, of Fredonia, N. Y., 
who d. there. May 9, 1888, and there bur. No issue; 
J(ohn) Condit, b. April 8, 1830. In 1849 entered engineer corps of Illinois Central 
R. R. Co., under Col. R. B. Mason: later was engaged as a planter. Will county. 111., 
from the early fifties until commencement of the war, when he entered the service of 
the Federal government as a lieutenant, and was appointed to service in the Quarter- 
master's Dept., becoming chief quartermaster of Gen. Sherman's army: he was brevet- 
ted brigadier-general at close of the war; later engaged in railroad contracting and 
building, among many others, constructing the Chicago & Atlantic R. R. (now Chicago 
& Erie R. R.), Dunkirk & Warren R. R., etc. Principal places of residence: Morris- 
town, N. J.; Buffalo, N. Y., and Troy, N. J., in order named. He d. at New York 
Hotel, New York City, Nov. 9. 1883; bur. Fredonia, Forrest Hill Cemetery. He m. 
(first), July 12, 1865, Mary Louisa Day (dau. of S. O. Day), of Fredonia, N. Y., who 
d., Troy, N. J., May 29, 1881 : bur. Fredonia, Forrest Hill Cemetery. Issue: 

George Day Condit, b. Feb. 8, 1866: m. (first), Oct. 25, 1887, Sallie Louise Barnes, 
dau. Dr. Barnes of Paterson, N. J. She d. at East Orange, July, 1890. Issue : 
Louisa, b. May, 1888: 
Sallie, b. July, 1890. 

He m. (second) . No issue. He d.. New York City, Oct. 7, 1894; 

bur. Forrest Hill Cemetery, Fredonia, N. Y. ; 
J(ohn) Condit, b. Nov. 5, 1867, of class of 1889, Princeton: m., Nov. 21, 1901, 
Angelina Brewster, dau. Edward L. Brewster, of Chicago; she d. at Presby- 
terian Hospital. New York, Jan. 26, 1905; bur. Graceland Cemtery, Chicago. 
No issue; 
Louisa Adriana Condit, b. Sept. 20. 1869: m., Nov. 18, 1890, at residence of her 
guardian, Mr. Justice Stephen J. Field, Washington, D. C., to Dr. (now Major- 
Gen.) Leonard Wood, U. S. A. Issue: 

Leonard, Jr., b. Oct. 22, 1892, San Francisco, Cal. ; 
Osborn Cutler, b. Sept. 20, 1897, Washington, D. C; 
Louise Barbara, b. March 29, igoo, Havana, Cuba. 
Alice Condit, b. Feb. 7, 1871: m. (first). June 8, 1893, Washington, D. C, Cyrus 
Field Judson, of New York, whom she later divorced. Issue : 
Alice Isabel, b. Feb. 25, 1894. Ardsley-on-Hudson, N. Y.; 
Frances Field, b. Feb. 18, 1895, Ardsley-on-Hudson, N. Y. ; 
Cyrus Field, b. July 30, 1898, Ardsley-on-Hudson. N. Y. 
She was married (second), Dec. 10, 1906, at the home of Commander and Mrs. 
Key, Washington, D, C, to Cambridge Livingston, of New York: 
Reginald, b. 1873; d. 1874; bur. at Forrest Hill Cemetery, Fredonia, N. Y. ; 
Grace Matilda Condit, b. Aug. 29, 1874; m. Washington, D. C, April 7, 1898, 
Lieut, (now Capt.) Albert L. Key, U. S. N. Issue: 
David McKendree, b. Feb. 4, 1900, Tokyo. Japan: 
Albert Lenoir, b. April 11, 1905, Zamboanga, P. I. 
Mary Osborn Condit, b. Sept. 24, 1876; m. Washington, D. C, Feb. 11, 1901, 
Lieut, (now Capt.) Richard Stewart Hooker, U. S. Marine Corps. Issue: 
John Condit Smith; 
Richard Stewart. 
J. Condit Smith m. (second). May 15, 1883, at residence of her sister, Mrs. Justice 
Stephen J. Field, at Washington, D. C., Sarah Swearingen, who d. June 7, 1908 ; bur. 
Rock Creek Cemetery. Washington, D. C. No issue. 


George Washington, b. Oct. 2, 1832; of whom later; 

Marcia Burnham, b. June 8, 1836; m. (first), June 18, 1856, William Kifchell, M. D., b. 
April 21, 1827 (son of William Melvin Kitchell, of Madison, N. J.), Supt. N. J. 
Geological Survey ; residence, Loantica, near Morristown, N. J., he d. Dec. 29, 1861, 
and bur. Morristown, N. J. Issue : 

John Smith, b. April 22, 1857; m., Oct. 6, 1896, M. Clifford Howell, dau. Monroe 
Howell, of Troy, N. J. Issue: 

Marcia Stevens, b., Newark, N. J., Jan. 9, 1899; 
William M., b. Oct. 27, 1901; d. April 15, 1902; 
John Smith, Jr., b. March 14, 1903; 
Irene Brumley, b. Aug. 10, 1904. 
Helen Matilda, b. Jan. 4, i860; graduated from Wellesley, 1882; m., Feb. 9, 1899, 
Richard Conover Lake, of Evanston, 111. 
She m. (second), Jan. 11, 1873, Edwin E. Willis, of Powerville (son of Thomas and 
Debora (Farrand.) Willis), later of Evanston, 111., where he d. Feb. 21, 1899; bur. 
Parsippany, N. J. Issue: 

Raymond Smith, b. Aug. 7, 1874; m., Dec. 9, 1902, at City of Mexico, Wilhelmena 
Bayless, of Evanston, 111. Issue: 

Helen Cecelia, b. Sept. 11, 1903, at Orizaba, Mexico; 
Raymond Smith, Jr., b. Dec. 10, 1906, at Orizaba, Mexico. 
Richard, b. Aug. 24, 1838; railroad contractor and builder; residence, the Smith home- 
stead, Troy Hills, N. J., where he d. July 30, 1891 ; bur. Parsippany, N. J. He m., 
March 8, 1869. at Trinity Church, Fredonia, N. Y., Emily S. White (dau. of George 
Henry White, of Fredonia. descendant of Peregrine White, of the "Mayflower," and 
Mary (Tobey) White, of Hudson, N. Y.), who d. Troy Hills, N. J., Sept. 21, 1904; 
bur. at Parsippany, N. J. Issue : 

Emily Caroline, b. April 5, 1876; 

Marjorie White, b. June 4. 1878: m. at Troy Hills, N. J., William Edwin Baldwin, 
son of Bleeker Baldwin, of Morristown, N. J. Issue : 

William Bleeker, b. July 18, 1902; d. Nov. 23, 1905; bur. at Parsippany, N. J.; 
Emily White, b. Aug. 29, 1904; 
Adelaide Bates, b. Jan. 3, 1907. 
William Henry Harrison, b. Troy, N. J., March 26, 1841; of class of 1864, Williams 
College, from 1861-62; except for several years spent in Illinois, was continuously a 
resident of the Smith homestead at Troy, N. J., where he d., unm., Sept. 30, 1886; bur. 
at Parsippany, N. J. He was always a student and scholar, as well as the antiquarian 
and genealogist of the family; 
Mary Louisa, b., Troy, N. J., June 22, 1844; a resident of the Smith homestead, Troy, 
N. J. From the date of its founding, one of the most interested workers for and sup- 
porters of the "Children's Home" of Morris county, at Parsippany; and principally 
responsible for the raising of its endowment fund. 

George Washington Smith, born Troy, New Jersey, October 2, 1832 ; studied 
at "Ailanthus Hall," Parsippany, New Jersey, and Williston Academy, Easthamp- 
ton, Massachusetts. In 1856 he removed to Monee, Will county, Illinois, where 
with his brother, J. Condit Smith, he was engaged as a planter ; their initial, joint 
and equal purchase from the Illinois Central Railroad Company, in Will county, 
including Section 8, the south half of Section 4, and 40 acres of Section 6, in 
Township No. 33, Range 13 East. His later individual holdings included Section 
No. 17 and parts of Sections 2, 4, 32 and 34, in Will county, and other farming 
and timber lands in Jackson, Fayette, Champaign, and Iroquois counties, Illinois, 
and in Northwestern Indiana. In 1864 he purchased from Hiram Colwell the 
Abraham Smith place, of Troy, New Jersey (later owned and occupied in the 
order indicated by Thomas Osborn Smith, J. Condit Smith, and H. T. Brumley). 

At the breaking out of the war it was mutually agreed with his brother, J. Con- 
dit Smith, that one of them would offer his services to his country, while the 
otlicr operated and looked after their mutual interests ; the latter falling to his lot. 
During the war he was also extensively engaged in furnishing supplies to the 
government. In 1868 (but some months following his inarriage) he exchanged 


with Smith Lewis, Sections 8 and 17, Will county, Illinois, and a cash bonus, for 
the Burrough's farm and residence, near Columbia, later Afton, now Florham 
Park, between Madison and Hanover, Morris county. New Jersey (now owned 
by Lloyd Waddell Smith), where he lived from 1869 to 1883. Failing in business 
in 1876, though declining to take advantage of the relief afforded by the bank- 
ruptcy laws, he was obliged to give up his home, and a few years later removed his 
family to Troy, New Jersey. During 1883-4 he took part in the construction of 
the Chicago & Atlantic Railroad (now Chicago & Erie Railroad), built by Conant 
and (J. Condit) Smith, returning in 1885 to Parsippany, where at his residence 
formerly known as the Hall Place, part of which had been the property of Thomas 
Osborn, Jr., before 1798, he lived until his death in 1906. 

From early boyhood until his last years, his decided preference for and enjoy- 
ment in a life close to nature, was frequently made manifest. Possessed of remark- 
able health and physical vigor until his final illness, he will nevertheless be remem- 
bered by those who knew him, for his singular and unaffected gentleness of speech 
and disposition, combined with a directness of address and a never failing spirit of 
democratic hospitality and generosity in all of which those with whom he came in 
contact fully shared. He was always a Democrat in politics, though not an active 
partisan ; and a trustee of the Presbyterian Church of Parsippany, within the 
sound of whose bell and the sight of whose steeple he spent quietly the last twenty 
years of his life. He died February 21, 1906, and was buried at Parsippany, New 

He married, April 8, 1868, at New York City, S. Alice Waddell. Their children, 
all born near Madison, New Jersey (at the present residence of Lloyd Waddell 
Smith), were: 

Philip Henry Waddell, b. Jan. 5, 1869 (see later) ; 

Lloyd Waddell, b. May 18, 1870; studied at Troy Academy, Troy Hills, N. J.; the Ford 
School, Fordville, N. J., and Morris Academy, Morristown, N. J. Was graduated 
from Phillips Andover Academy, Andover, Mass., 1892; from Yale University Shef- 
field Scientific School, 1895, with degree Ph. B.; from Harvard University Law 
School in 1898, with degree of LL. B. Member of firm of Harris Forbes & Co., New 
York, investment bonds, etc. (formerly N. W. Harris & Co.). In 1908 he purchased 
from Mrs. Nancy Carnegie Hever her estate at Florham Park, between Madison and 
Hanover, N. J., the former residence of George Washington Smith, preceding. Resi- 
dence, P. O. address, Madison, N. J. Member Yale Club and Lawyers' Club, New 
York City; 

Frederick William, b. Oct. 17, 1871 ; d. Sept. 10, 1881, of diphtheria; bur. at Parsippany, 
N. J.; 

George Washington, b. Aug. 19, 1873; studied at Phillips Andover Academy, Andover, 
Mass.; living at Parsippany, N. J.; 

Alice Waddell. b. Feb. 2, 1877; living at Parsippany, N. J. 

Philip H. Waddell Smith, born near Madison, New Jersey, January 5, 1869. 
Was graduated from Newark Academy, Newark, New Jersey, 1888, and from 
Lehigh University, South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in 1892, with degree of E. E. 
in electrical engineering. Sigma Phi fraternity, 1888. With Field Engineering 
Company of New York City, September, 1892, to February, 1893. From 1893 to 
date (1911) with the Standard Underground Cable Company of Pittsburgh, New 
York, Chicago, etc., in various capacities, and at present a vice-president. Member 
of Presbyterian Church of Sewickley, Pennsylvania. In politics an independent, 
voting for Cleveland, Roosevelt and Taft. Compiler of Waddell-Smith Gene- 


alogy herein, also in "Americans of Royal Descent," fourth edition and later, and 
"Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants." 

Member of Pittsburgh Club, Pittsburgh; Edgeworth Club, Sewickley; Machin- 
ery Club and St. Nicholas Club, New York City. Member Society Colonial Wars 
in State of New York; Sons of the Revolution in State of Pennsylvania; Colonial 
Order of the Acorn in the State of New York ; a founder of the Baronial Order 
of Runnemede ; member of New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, and 
Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. 

Business address, Westinghouse Building, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and resi- 
dence address, Sewickley, Pennsylvania. 

He was married, May 28, 1903, at Princeton, New Jersey, to Isabella William- 
son MacLaren, born August 14, 1874, daughter of Rev. Donald MacLaren, D. D., 
senior chaplain U. S. N., retired (rank of rear-admiral) and Elizabeth Stockton 
Green, of Princeton, New Jersey, who were married, Princeton, July 14, 1858. 

Philip H. Waddell Smith and Isabella (MacLaren) Waddell Smith had the 
following children born at Sewickley, Pennsylvania: 

Alice Waddell, b. Jan. 24, 1906; 
Coventry Waddell, b. July 23, 1909. 

Rev. Donald MacLaren, D. D., born Caledonia, New York, March 7, 1834, was 
graduated from Union College in the class of 1853, and from Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary in the class of 1857. Installed pastor of the Old Tennant church, 
near Freehold, New Jersey, by the Presbytery of New Brunswick, July i, 1857, 
but after a pastorate of between four and five years a second and complete failure 
of health forced a discontinuance of all activities, until he was partially and suffi- 
ciently restored by March 10, 1863, to be commissioned by President Lincoln as 
chaplain in the navy, the various duties of which office he continued in up to the 
time of his retirement in 1896. Following his retirement he was actively engaged 
in Naval Y. M. C. A. work, Presbyterian Church extension, and in reorganization 
work for the American Bible Society, successively in Porto Rico, Cuba, Central 
Atlantic States, and for the Pacific Coast. He was the son of Rev. Donald Camp- 
bell MacLaren, D. D., of Caledonia, and Geneva, New York (and Jane Steven- 
son, daughter of William Stevenson and Mary (MacNeil) Stevenson, the former 
born Straureaur, Scotland, February 17, 1772, and later of Cambridge, New 
York), born New York City, October 3, 1794, and was graduated from L^nion 
College, 1813; was moderator of the Associate Reformed Church at the LTnion of 
the Associate and Associate Reformed Churches, which formed the present 
United Presbyterian Church ; died Geneva, New York, May 7, 1882. He was the 
son of Finlay MacLaren, baptized Balquhidder, Scotland, who removed to Amer- 
ica about 1793 (and Margaret Campbell, of Callandar, Scotland), the son of 
Donald MacLaren, of Balquhidder, Scotland (see MacLaren records in genealogy 
of "The Kirbys of New England," also Descendants of Finlay MacLaren of 
Onondaga, N. Y.," New York, 1899, both by M. E. Dwight; see also "Descend- 
ants of Finlay MacLaren," etc., by W. D. MacLaren, Warren Pennsylvania, 

Elizabeth Stockton Green born Philadelphia, January 14, 1838, and died Sep- 
tember 20, 1906, was the daughter of Jacob Green (professor of chemistry at 
Princeton, and later one of the founders of JeflFerson Medical College, Philadel- 


phia), and Anne Eliza McCuUoh, of Baltimore, Maryland, daughter of Samuel 
McCuUoh and Isabella Williamson. Samuel was the son of Major John McCulloh, 
born 1750, and died 1800, of Revolutionary War service (and his wife, Anna 
Todd). Jacob Green was the son of Rev. Ashbel Green (and his wife, Elizabeth 
Stockton, of Princeton, New Jersey), president of Princeton College, the son of 
Rev. Jacob Green, of Hanover, New Jersey, and his wife, Elizabeth Pierson (the 
daughter of Rev. John Pierson, of \Yoodbridge, New Jersey), who was the great- 
granddaughter of Rev. Abraham Pierson, first president of Yale College, also the 
great-great-granddaughter of Governor Thomas Dudley, of Massachusetts ; also 
the great-great-granddaughter of Governor John Haynes, governor of Massachu- 
setts, 1635, and of Connecticut, 1639; also the great-great-granddaughter of Gov- 
ernor George Wyllys, of Connecticut, 1642, whose son, grandson and great-grand- 
son were successively Secretary of State for Connecticut for an aggregate period 
of 88 years (1712-1800). Elizabeth Pierson was also of many royal descents (see 
"Americans of Royal Descent," vol. i, pp. 14 and 15), and of descent from ten of 
the Magna Charta Barons (see "M. C. Barons and their American Descendants," 
pp. 407-411), through Ruth Haynes, the mother of Mehitable Wyllys, the mother 
of Ruth Woodbridge, the mother of Elizabeth Pierson, the wife of Rev. Jacob 
Green, of Hanover, New Jersey. See also "Genealogy of Descendants of Thomas 
Green of Maiden, Mass.," Boston, 1858. 

Elizabeth Stockton was the daughter of Robert Stockton, of Princeton, New 
Jersey, quartermaster in the Revolutionary Army, who died April 24, 1805 (brother 
to Richard Stockton the Signer), son of Robert Stockton, Princeton, New Jersey, 
born 1698-9, died 1744-5, son of Richard Stockton, of Stony Brook (now Prince- 
ton), as early as 1696, son of Richard Stockton, of Flushing, Long Island, as early 
as November 8, 1656, later of Burlington county, New Jersey, and died there 
1707 (see "The Stockton Family," by William Francis Crerar, being a reprint 
from "The White Ancestry," Philadelphia, 1888, also "Stockton Genealog)'" in 
preparation by Rev. Elias Boudinot Stockton, of New York City). 

.Capt. John Waddell, of New York City, born, Dover England, October 3, 
1714, died, New York City, May 29, 1762, was the earliest of the line in America. 

The grant of the W^addell arms, borne by Capt. John W^addell, of New York, 
originated in and also describes the valorous services of "Captain John Weddall 
(or Waddell). of Stebenheath in ye County of Middlesex, Esqre" (1583-1642 per 
Nat. Diet. Biog.), in winning a great naval victory over the Portugese at Ormuz 
and Kishm, in the Persian Gulf in 1622 (Clowe'sHist. Royal Navy, II, 37). 

The arms are described in the grant as follows : 

"Wherefore I y^ said Garter could doe nolesse being thereunto instantly required by y<= 
said John Weddall. but assigne invest and arme him with such a Coat of .A.rms as is con- 
venient for his degree & good deservings (viz). 

The field Argent an Inescutcheon barnly wavy of ten Or and Gules an Orle of Fireballs 
proper as in perpetuall remembrance of his .'Vtchievements in sinking & burning of his 
enemies. And further for Ornament unto his Helme for a convenient Crest and Cognizance 
to him and his posterity on a Wreath of his Colours Or & Gules out of the Battlements of a 
Castle Azure a Demy Lyon Or holding a Banner of St. George to denote his good services 
in surprising the Castle of Ketchmey & planting ye English Colours thereon. 

All wch Arms and Crest & every p't and p' cell thereof I ye said Garter by power of my 
Office of Garter Prin" K. of Arms authorized by ye Institution of ye noble order of ye 
Garter to grant these marks of Honor and noblenesse to deserving men Doe by these p'sents 
give grant ratifie & confirme unto ye said Job: Weddall and his Posteritie; with their due 
differences forever that he & they the same may use beare and shew forth in Shield, Signet, 
Monument, Escutcheon, Penon and .Atchievement or any other waves or means according to 


the Law of Arms & lawdeable Customs of this Realm of England without any left or inter- 
ruption of any whatsoever." 

At this time Capt. Waddell commanded a fleet of the East India Company (in 
whose service he spent many years, becoming their senior commander), and in the 
engagements in question, the great navigator, Baffin, was one of the Englishmen to 
lose their lives (see "Ormuz," Encyc. Brit. 9th Ed.) In 1627 Capt. Waddell was 
"now Captn. of y^ Rainbowe a principall Ship of His ma'ties Navie Royall" (Grant 
of Waddell Arms), which had been the third vessel in point of size, in the English 
fleet which repelled the Spanish Armada (Clowe's Hist. Royal Navy 11, 65, also 
Pepys and Entick). He commanded a squadron against Havre, France, and was 
Captain of the "Rainbow," in an attack against Rochelle, under Buckingham, and 
later commanded a fleet sent forth by Sir William Courten, in 1636, to trade with 
China and Japan, one of the earliest European expeditions trading in those waters 
(Nat. Diet. Biog.). 

A voluminous account of the record of Capt. Weddall, or Waddell, may be 
found (under the former spelling) in the published Calendar of State Papers 
(Colonial Series, East Indies, 1617 to 1642; Ditto, Domestic Series) and in "Ste- 
phen's National Dictionary of Biography." 

A complete transcription of the grant of arms allowed by the Heralds College, 
London, May 3, 1627, was reprinted in the Home Journal (New York), as the 
second article of a series entitled "Heraldry in America." 

That Scotland was the original Waddell habitat of all of the name in the varied 
spellings, there is little doubt ("Camden's Caledonia,"), and the not infrequent 
identification of the name, particularly in the English port towns, is probably ex- 
plained by the seafaring nature of the occupation of the Scotch, who when absent 
from their native heaths, were more often mariners than anything else. A resi- 
dence in Stebenheath particularly (also known as Ratcliffe, then a separate and 
distinct suburb of London in the shipping district and a few miles down the 
Thames from the tower of London) would presumptively identify the family 
with a seafaring occupation. At all events we find the line soon back in Scotland, 
where at Edinburgh were born Lieut. William Waddell and Mary Waddell, the 
parents of Capt. John Waddell, of New York. 

No attempt is here made to claim the existence of documentary proof for the 
lineal descent of Lieut. William Waddell, of Dover, from Capt. John Weddall 
(Waddell), of Stebenheath. It is hoped and confidently believed that such neces- 
sary evidence will be found in the search now in progress, although at least three 
things add to the difficulties of the attempt : 

First, the fact that the family of Capt. John, of Stebenheath, was resident in a 
suburb of London at the time of his decease (prior to May, 1643, when letters of 
administration were granted on his estate, in which he is named as dead "in parti- 
bus transmarinus"), and also at the time of the death of his wife, Frances (will 
proven October 2, 1652 — London, Somerset House, Bowyer, 165) ; second, that 
the period of the Commonwealth and following was not favorable to the making 
or preserving of family records ; and third, that Lieut. William and Mary Waddell, 
the undoubted and proven parents of Capt. John Waddell, of New York, although 
bom in Edinburgh, were later residents of Dover; these conditions necessitating 
transfers of residence at times and under conditions not the most favorable to 


Capt. John Weddall, of Stebenheath, had children mentioned in the will of his 
wife, Frances, namely ; at least two sons, John, who predeceased his mother, and 
Jeremy, the only surviving son ; also a daughter, Elizabeth, who married Edward 
Wye. All left descendants though at present lost track of beyond the references 
thereto in the will of Frances Weddall. 

On the other hand the desk seal containing the coat-of-arms of Capt. John Wad- 
dell, of New York (which are those granted to Capt. John, of Stebenheath), is 
authenticated in an unusual manner, as having belonged to him, and the arms have 
ever since been borne by the family. Furthermore, from at least as early as 1735, 
to 1815, the occupations (principally as merchants and mariners), of Capt. John 
of New York, of his son, Lieut. Col. William Waddell, of New York and London, 
and of his grandson, Capt. Henry Waddell, of New York, required frequent trips 
to London (and among other places Dover as well), or long residence there (see 
later records herein) and afforded every opportunity for a knowledge of the 
grounds upon which their use of the arms were based. Particularly should it be 
noted that Capt. John Waddell, of New York, visited Dover during the lifetime 
of his father, the birth of whom must have occurred within the lifetime of many 
living when the grant of arms was made to Capt. John, of Stebenheath. As the 
grant is not remarkable for its antiquity, the arms are not ones that would be 
likely to be assumed under the circumstances and without due warrant particularly 
by a man of English birth, frequently visiting and constantly having large dealings 
with London, the very center of information upon such matters, and that too 
within the lifetime of his father (assuming that he obtained the seal abroad and 
that as the record seem? to indicate he made no trips abroad after his father's 
death in 1750). 

Lieut. William Waddell lost his right arm in the service in the burning of 
the Spanish fleet at Vigo, Spain, in 1702. A few years earlier, and probably about 
the time of his marriage, he must have removed to Dover, England, for the records 
of births, baptisms, marriages, and death of his family are found on the parish 
record of St. Mary the Virgin at that place, commencing with the birth of a daugh- 
ter, October 27, 1701. All of their sons were killed in the service or drowned, 
except John, of New York ; one daughter, Sarah, married Henry Nethersole and 
left issue. Lieut. William and Mary Waddell died at Dover at advanced ages ; she 
was buried there, April 16, 1747, and he September 30, 1750. On the record re- 
ferred to his name is spelled both as "Weddell" and "Waddell," the latter obtain- 
ing in the latest records. 

(The Waddeli, Line). 

Capt. John Waddell, of New York City, was born, Dover, England, October 
3, 1714 (parish record of St. Mary the Virgin, Dover, England). It is not known 
when he first came to New York, but it was at least as early as 1736, for Novem- 
ber 30 of that year he was married by the Rev. Mr. Charlton, to Anne Kirten, of 
New York City, in the chapel within Fort George which then stood upon the site 
of the present Custom House, facing Bowling Green. (Marriage licenses. Prov- 
ince of New York). In February, 1737-38, we find him enrolled as a member of 
Capt. Van Home's foot company of militia (Doc. Hist., N. Y., vol. iv). From at 
least as early as 1745 {New York Postboy, November 11, 1745), until 1750 {New 
York Gazette-Postboy, April 9, 1750), he spent the greater part of his time en- 
route to or from London in command of his vessels, the first named "Oswego" and 


its successor the "Dover, " the latter said to have been built at the foot of that 
street in New York, this occasion giving rise to the name of the street. Learning 
and Spicer's record of the early laws of Colonial New Jersey officially confirms 
the fact that Capt. Waddell was in London, March 17, 1747, where he then exam- 
ined at Whitehall, the official record of Queen Anne's acceptance of the East New 
Jersey Proprietors surrender of government; and he later identified by affidavit 
before Robert Morris Hunter, Chief Justice of Colonial New Jersey, his verifica- 
tion which was affixed to the copy made in London and brought to this country 
for the record of the Colonies. Following 1750 the contemporary newspapers 
record the frequent sailings of his vessels to European ports while he occupied 
himself with the conduct of the many sided affairs of one of the principle mer- 
chants of his day {Neiv York Gazette, December 24, 1753), at his business house 
fronting on Duke street and Dock street (now Pearl street), between Old Slip 
and Coenties market {New York Gazette, October 30, 1760), a property which he 
purchased in 1752, from William Coventry for £2500 {Nezu York Gazette, No. 
428, also inventory of Capt. John Waddell's estate). We find his ship "Dover," 
in 1756, bound for South Carolina and Carocoa, and his sloop "Ranger" for 
Carocoa and St. Eustacia {Nezv York Mercury, December 6, 1756), and in 1758 
liis ship "Amherst," also for South Carolina. His importations were drawn from 
points as far distant as Amsterdam "Hambourg" and " Peter sborough" {New 
York Mercury, November 21, 1757). 

At the time of the last French and Indian War he was called in council as to 
the best means of fortifying the city (Cal. Hist. MSS. of New York, for August 
15, 1757), and later had part interest in at least two privateers, the "Dreadnaught" 
and the "Delancey" (Cal. Hist. MSS., July 25, 1759, and April 19, 1760). At the 
time of his death in 1762 he was part owner of six vessels and their cargos en- 
gaged on voyages variously to Hispaniola, Jamaica, Cayenne, Carolina and Hol- 
land (inventory at his death). He was one of the wardens of the port of New 
York (Hist. MSS. of New York, June 10, 1758) ; and an original subscriber to the 
movement which resulted in the establishment of the New York Society Library 
m 1754 (Keep's "History of New York Society Library," 1908. page 188). He 
was one of the founders on November 19, 1756, of the St. Andrew's Society of 
New York, of whom among others, the recent history by Morrison (New York, 
1906), says "the founders of the Society were almost all heads or members of the 
best and most prominent Scotch families in the then province of New York, and 
occupied an important position in the professional and business community." One 
of the prerequisites for membership then was to have been either the son or grand- 
son of a Scotsman. 

Capt. John Waddell died, New York City, May 29, 1762, of dropsy, and was 
eventually buried in the Waddell vault, Trinity Churchyard, New York City (ad- 
joining and west of present site of Alexander Hamilton's tomb) of which church 
he and his family were members. His will is dated October 9, 1760, and mentions 
by name his wife and each of his children ; it is recorded in New York City. His 
life-sized portrait is in the collection of the New York Historical Society. 

The ivory-handled desk seal of Capt. Waddell, with his coat-of-arms, as granted 
to Capt. John Waddell, of Stebenheath (see Lamb's Hist., New York, vol. II, p. 
T57, for illustration and description), is still preserved in the family, and the 
ownership and transfer from generation to generation, to the great-great-great- 


grandson of Capt. John in the sixth generation therefrom (see also Keep's Hist., 
New York Soc. Lib., p. xvi) is authenticated in an unusual manner. The seal 
contains a receptacle in the handle, originally the repository of a paper long since 
removed in order to be backed upon heavier material for preservation, and which 
reads as follows : 

"The Desk Seal of John Waddell — with his Coat of Arms — Father of William, presented 
by William to his son Henry, London, Oct. 3rd, 1810. (Foregoing in the hand of Captain 
Henry Waddell, P. H. IV. S.) , and on the demise of Henry, 13th July, 1819, became the prop- 
erty of his son William Coventry Henry Waddell. (In an unidentified hand, P. H. IV. S.), 
who presented it to his wife, Charlotte A. Waddell, June 1845, (in the hand of Wm. Coventry 
H. Waddell, P. H. W. S.), who presented it to PhiUp Smith, Dec. 1883." (In the hand of 
Charlotte A. (Mrs. Coventry) Waddell. P. H. W. S.) 

At the time of his death he was largely engaged in many business ventures re- 
quiring the handling of considerable sums and no inconsiderable correspondence 
and records. All these his widow, Anne Waddell, personally conducted for years 
with marked success and profit; the extant records (Waddell, MSS. owned by 
Philip H. Waddell Smith), consisting of inventories, expenditures, profit and loss 
accounts, and periodical statements of amount of principal and interest due on 
notes and bonds, owing to the estate, being largely written in her hand. The 
inventory taken after Capt. Waddell's death records, "Cash on hand in his iron 
chest," to the sum of £6023 New York currency. A further record states that 
"in order to discharge the Debts due from the Estate in Europe, the Executrix 
ship'd to London * * * £4476." The "Mahogany Chairs." also recorded, were 
reported to have been brought from England for his wedding and are still pre- 
served in the family (illustration and description. Lamb's New York H, 156, 191). 
The following further extracts (among many others) from the records of Anne 
Waddell, executrix, are self-explanatory: 

"Captain Waddell, Jos. Read, Garr' V. Horn & P^ Ramsen each ^ concerned sent a 
schoonr wt a cargo to Cayene consigned young Ramsen. Ramsen remained at Cayene w* 
the cargo & sent back y' schoon'' to New York where she was sold in Cap" Waddell's life- 
time. Ramsen has since rend an acco' of the cargo, viz — 

2 Setts of French Bills 9174 Livs each on Paris is 18348 

I set Do 9334.9 

wc*' are sent to Jn" De Neufville at Amsdam." 27682.9 

Some unusual items are included in the following record of "An acco* of some 
small debts due from the Estate — Funeral Charges and Mourning" : 

£.5. d. 

"Cap" Waddell's subscription to the New Organ 5 

James Scotts accot for keeping the Horse 13 16 

Dockage of the Pettianger 6 

Wm. Cook's for funeral charges 6 14 6 

Sidney Breese do for mourning 38 4 7 

William Bennett for shoeing the Horse" 8 

Cash for a stone for J W's Grave 3 12 

The Sexton for putting it up 8 

Cap" Waddells subscription to Mt Auchmuty i 

Dr. Jones acco' 4 15 

Also the following which appear in a list headed "Anne Waddell Executrix, Dr. 
and Cr. to Estate of J. W. Sen^" in 1762 and 1763." 


£.. s. d. 

"House hold expenses. {Reported each four or five weeks) 50 

An advertisement 2 months 10 

An Office copy of Cap" Waddells Will 4 10 

Jno Holts Paper and Advertisement 9 10 

Subscription to the Library 10 

Cash for 12 Bottles Snuff 3 6 6 

2 Cannisters of Tea 6 

Cash paid Da Ogden eprentice fee mxh Heny Waddell 145 

Gov't tax of house & estate 1762 23 16 7 

1763 18 10 10 

Pew Hire 4 

In the inventory of the estate of John and Anne Waddell taken at the latter's 
death, May 26, 1773, there is included a list of sixty-three names of those indebted 
to the estate on bond or note, varying from £21, i6s. and lod. in the case of Teuis 
Van Dyck Wessells, to £4103 from William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, and 
£3312 additional from the latter and Philip Livingston jointly, making an aggre- 
gate total of £28052, 14s. and 6d. The considerable sums owed by the Earl of 
Stirling were secured by mortgages on his various properties in the state of New 
York, including lands in Cheesecocks Patent, Orange county, Richbills Patent, 
Westchester county. Provosts Patent, and Minisinck Patents, in Ulster county, and 
Hardenburgh's Patents, in Ulster and Albany counties, and at various places in 
New Jersey. These payments were long in default, and finally through a judgment 
obtained in the Supreme Court of the Province of New York, 1771, which was 
renewed in 1788, passed to the estate. Anne Waddell's final request for discharge 
of the debt is to be seen among the unpublished MSS. of Lord Stirling in the 
collection of the New York Historical Society; it is as follows: 

"My Lord New York, March, 1770 

The Preceding is Coppy of my Last and the want of your answer occasions my once 
more troubhng you to beg Imediate Complyance, as nothing else will prevent my Prosecuting 
without delay, I am, My Lord — Your Most Ob* Humb Serv' 

The Right Honble Wm. Earl of Stirling, Ann Waddell. 


That Anne Waddell was not too engrossed in the cares of the estate to give 
attention to other important interests, there is ample evidence. That for which her 
name is and perhaps will be chiefly remembered is its inclusion as the only woman, 
among those of fifty-eight of the principal men of the city, in the Royal Charter 
granted to the New York Society Library by the Crown, November 9, 1772, where, 
in keeping with the statement of titles or avocations appended to the names, she 
concludes the list as "Ann Waddell, widow" ; it is notable that this was at a time 
nearly fifty years before women were even permitted to consult the books in the 
Boston Athenaeum (Keep's "History New York Society Library," p. 188). She 
eventually retired to her country estate at Harlem (that name then applying only 
to a little village on the Bronx at the site of the present One Hundred and Twenty- 
fifth street), where she died June 2, 1773, in her fifty-seventh year, eulogized as: 

"Mrs. Anne Waddell, relict of Mr. John Waddell, late an eminent merchant of this City. 
She was a good Christian, an excellent parent, and unceasing in her attentions to the poor." 
(Rivington's Gazette, June 17, 1773). 

Her will is dated Harlem, May 26, 1773, and mentions by name all surviving 
children and sons-in-laws ; it is recorded in New York City. She was buried in the 


Waddell vault, Trinity Churchyard, New York. Her Hfe-size portrait is in the 
collection of the New York Historical Society. See also Keep's "History New 
York Society Library," page 188, for reproduction thereof. 

Anne (Kirten) Waddell was the third child of the third marriage of her mother, 
Ann Hony, of New York, who was born January 18, 1682, and was married 
(first) to Samuel Piles, February 24, 1698, by Samuel Smith, chaplain of the Fort 
in New York; of this marriage there was one daughter, Elizabeth, who married 
Phineas Ayres and left issue. On the death of Samuel Piles, his widow, married 
(second) William Floyd, of which marriage there was also an only daughter, 
Mary. William Floyd died, and his widow married (third) William Kirten, at 
New York, July 31, 1707, who was born February 2, 1680. On July 23, 171 1, he 
is recorded as giving a receipt for clothing "to be sent to Colonel Farmer of Am- 
boy to supply the Jarssy (Jersey) camp." On March 6, 1716, with Jacob Mauritz 
he received a warrant to pilot vessels, and on May 2, 1717, they both petitioned to 
have the right made exclusive. On July 28, 1726, a further warrant was issued 
to William Kirten and Henrich Law, to be pilots for the "port of New York." 
(Cal. Hist. MSS. N. Y.). While on a pleasure party in New York bay, William 
Kirten was injured by the bursting of a swivel, was taken to Shrewsbury for 
assistance and died there, March 5, 1730, and was there buried, where a gravestone 
erected to his memory in the burying-ground of Christ's Church is still standing 
(N. Y. G and B. Record, July, 1903). Less than a year before he had purchased 
half of Pew No. 30, Trinity Church (Hist. Trinity Church — Berrian, p. 338). 

The four children of this marriage were : 

William Kirten, Tr., b. Oct. 6, 1710; d., New York, June 22, 1729; 

John Kirten, b. Dec. 25, 1713; 

Anne Kirten, b. May 22, 1716; d. June 21, 1773; 

Sarah Kirten, b. May 18, 1718, who m. and left issue. 

In closing the estate of John and Anne Waddell, the various residences were 
offered for sale, thereby affording somewhat detailed information otherwise lack- 
ing to us. 

"The pleasantly situated house and garden at Harlem near the waterside in which the 
late widow Waddell lived, opposite to Colonel Lewis Morriss; the garden is in fine order 
and plenty of fruit. The house has eight rooms, five fire places, and a good out kitchen with 
a pump in it; an excellent barn and out houses" (New York Gazette, June 17, 1773). 

In the issue of the Gazette for February 3, 1774, two other residences were 
offered in like manner : 

"The commodious and well furnished house and lot of ground belonging to the estate of 
Mr. John Waddell deceased in Dock Street, running through to Duke Street commonly 
called Bayard Street, now occupied by Henry Cuyler, Esq. — likewise the house and lot of 
ground in French-Church Street, now occupied by Wm, Waddell, nearly opposite to Rev. Dr. 
Rodgers — also 3000 acres of land in Hardenburgh Patent known and distinguished by Lot S24 
in Lot S2." 

For further references to Capt. John and Anne Waddell, see Lamb's "History 
New York," vol. v., pp. 7, 91, 156. Mrs. Ellet's "Queens of American Society." 
Barrett's "Old Merchants of New York," vols. iii. and iv. Also contemporary 

John and Anne Waddell had the following children : 

William, b., New York City, July 16, 1737 (O. S.) ; of whom later; 


John, b., New York City, Aug. 7, 1739 (O. S.); Capt. John Waddell, Jr., was master 
of the brig, "Swan," owned two-thirds by his father; "she sailed in Captain Waddell's 
life time from New York to Carolina and Holland. Betwixt Carolina and Holland 
she was taken and Carr'd into France and condemn'd. Capt'n Waddell in his life 
time recovered the Insurance made upon the Vessel and Cargo at Philad'a, to the 
amount of £i493-6s-8d" (Inventory of Capt. John Waddell's estate); from MSS., in 
the hand of Capt. Henry Waddell (see following), "John was master of the Sloop 
'Nancy' inward bound, and while at anchor within Sandy Hook, the wind blowing 
very hard he fell overboard at 6 in the even'g of the 3rd Dec.-I77i and was drowned 
and seen no more"; by his will, dated Feb. i, 1770, he made his brother, William, his 
heir; he was No. 23, of the thirty-three sea captains of New York City, who formed 
the Masonic Society of the City of New York, Jan. 8, 1770 (Barrett's "Old Merchants 
of N. Y." vol. iv. p. 61); 

Mary, b.. New York City, Sept. 28, 1741; m. John Taylor, of New York City, Oct., 1761, 
and d. 1789, leaving eight children, of whom seven m. and five at least left issue, 
namely, sons, William, George and Charles, also Phoebe, m. Francis B. Winthrop, of 
New '^'ork City, and Mary, m. Thomas Smith; John Taylor m. (second) Ann Waddell; 

Rev. Henry, b.. New York City, Dec. 4, 1744; matriculated at Kings College (now Co- 
lumbia University), New York City, 1757, and in 1758, at the College of Philadelphia 
(later Univ. of Penna.), from which he received the degree of A. B. in 1762, and 
A. M. in 1766 (Penna. Gazette, No. 1953, in N. J. Col. Docs, for 1766) and D. D. in 
1807 (U. of P. Biog. Cat. of Matriculates) ; under date, May 26, 1763, the following 
entry appears in his mother's "account book of sundry profit and loss" — "To Cash 
paid Da. Ogden Aprentice Fee, with Hen, Waddell, £ 145." This legal training to- 
gether with the knowledge and practice in the law gained in the settling pf his parents 
estate is probably responsible in part for the comment in Sabines American Loyalists 
that "before the Revolution he was a distinguished lawyer in Monmouth County 
(N. J.)." He was Captain of a Grenadier Company in the Monmouth (N. J.) Militia, 
Continental Troops, which lost many men at the battle of Monmouth (Symmes His- 
tory "Old Tennant Church," p. 363 to 6). In 1776 he resigned his commission for 
disability (p. 487 Minutes Provincial Congress of N. J., 1775 and 6); and his sym- 
pathies, doubtless, more and more coinciding with the Loyalist tendencies of those of 
his family in New York, we find him, after numerous citations, appearing before the 
Council of Safety and being required by that body to give evidence of his peaceable 
intentions before being discharged (Minutes Aug. 30, 1777)- Sabine records him 
among American Loyalists as "decided in his attachment to the Crown." 

He was ordained deacon, Oct. 18, 1787, in the Episcopal Church, by Bishop Provost 
of New York (N. Y. Hist. Soc. Col. for 1870, p. 387), and from 1788 to 1798 was 
rector of Trinity Church, Shrewsbury, N. J. (Stillwell's Hist. & Gen. Misc., vol. i., p. 
219), and from 1798 to i8ii, rector of St. Michael's Episcopal Church, Trenton, N. J., 
where he d. Jan. 20, 1811, and was bur., a stone bearing this inscription still standing 
to his memory: 

"In memory of Henry Waddell, D. D., Rector of St. Michaels Church, Trenton, and 
St. Andrews, Aimswell, who departed this life the 20th of Jan. 181 1 in the 66th year of 
his age. A faithful and affectionate pastor, a sincere and zealous christian, an amiable 
and honest man: his body is buried in peace but his soul shall live for evermore." 

On Nov. 5, 1769, he m. Lucy (or Lucia) Lawrence, of Shrewsbury, N. J., and had 
seven children, whose issue was extinct before iS.^o: 

Ann, b.. New York City, Oct. 30, 1748; m. Eleazer Miller, Jr., Oct. 25, 1771 ; following 
her husband's death she later m., as his second wife, John Taylor, who had, firstly, m. 
her sister, Mary Waddell; Capt. Henry Waddell, in a letter to his father, Lieut. Col. 
William 'Waddell, dated Oct. 3, 1803, in referring to the fever then raging in New 
York City, writes, "Uncle John Taylor died on the day of my arrival, unattended by 
any except Mrs. T. : such is the fatality of this disorder that even his children did not 
come near him" ; Ann d. Feb. 13, 1816, and was bur, from her late residence, 13 Dey St., 
New York, her obituary notice commenting on her relationship to the then late Rev. 
Henry Waddell, her brother; 

Sarah, b.. New York City, Feb. 14, 1750 (O. S.) ; d. young; 

George, b.. New York City, Nov. 15, 1752 (N. S.) ; his name is found in the list of those 
matriculates of King's College, New York City, in the class of 1770, who did not 
graduate; with the added note indicating his death in 1767; the Waddell MSS. records 
his death as May 14, 1768; from this early death and the apparent solicitude of his 
father for his well being (as expressed in the latter's will), it is probable that George 
had from early youth, either some infirmity or poor health which threatened his future; 

Sarah (2nd), b.. New York City, Dec. 5, 1755 (N. S.) ; m. Joseph Taylor (brother to 
John, who married, firstly, Mary Waddell, and, secondly, Ann Waddell, widow of 
Eleazer Miller). June i. 1774; children, living in 1816, were: Harriette, Caroline, 
William, Charlotte and Sarah. 


Lieut. Col. William Waddell was born, New York City, July 26, 1737 (O. 
S.). As early as 1757, during the French and Indian War, he was evidently en- 
gaged in the hazardous adventures of the shipping trade, when he appears f.s part 
owner of two French prizes brought into the port of New York by the privateer 
"Royal Ester" (Gaine's New York Mercury, No. 275). Likewise in 1758 (see 
same No. 324) "all persons that are indebted for goods bought at vendue out of 
the ships 'Vryherd,' 'St. Fernando,' 'Anabella,' and 'Sea Horse,' are desired to 
pay the same to Peter Keteltas or William Waddle (Waddell)." He was a prom- 
inent and successful merchant in New York City until the Revolution, living in 
King street. From 1773 to 1777 he was one of the six members of the Board of 
Aldermen (an honor of greater significance then than now), and one of those 
deputized to sign on behalf of the corporation of the city of New York, the 
currency issued by the latter to pay for the "water works" then being erected near 
Broadway and Chamber streets. (Common Council minutes). An interesting 
and perfectly preserved broadside inviting the support of his friends, in the inter- 
est of his candidacy for the office of Alderman, is exhibited in the Colonial Docu- 
ment Room, Library of Congress, Washington. 

William Waddell was a consistent and ardent loyalist (see Sabine's "American 
Loyalists"), and took so active a part in harmony with that profession as to incur 
the equally active opposition of the Continental sympathizers, an interesting record 
of which he has left us in his memorial to Parliament for reimbursement of his 
losses. On the occupation of New York City by the British, he is found heading 
the address of welcome to Lord and Sir William Howe, and promptly after the 
occupation served as one of the magistrates of the city (commission dated Sep- 
tember 15, 1776), the enlargement of whose powers brought it within the scope of 
his duties to also perform the services of Coroner, Health Officer, and to inaugu- 
rate a supervision to prevent disastrous fires. On October 23, 1776, he was com- 
missioned by Gov. Tryon, as lieutenant colonel of one of the loyalist regiments 
raised in New York City, which served there during the British occupation (see 
"N. Y. Gen. & Biog. Record," vol. ii, p. 156, also Mott's "New York of Yesterday," 
p. 44). On the evacuation of New York by the British and as did so many of the 
New York loyalists (see Van Tyne "Loyalists in American Revolution" and 
Flick's "Loyalism in New York"), he removed to London where he resided until 
his death there, July 13, 1813. While not attainted as were so many of the active 
loyalists, the unfriendly legislation against them, particularly when absent, gave 
occasion for his exclusion in the division of the yet unclosed estate of his parents, 
John and Anne Waddell, and especially as to his participation in the amount ow- 
ing to the estate, and in the lands formerly owned by Lord Stirling (William 
Alexander). The legal documents in later suits (see Judgment New York Su- 
preme Court awarded in favor of Anne Delancey and Abraham Russel against 
James Jackson, signed February 17, 181 5), to attempt to enforce such division 
furnish considerable data which would otherwise have been lost. His memorial 
to Parliament reciting his services and losses in detail was presented November 
30, 1787, the latter aggregating £6055 Sterling. A corrected and amended memorial 
was dated from No. 3 Sherborn lane, Lombard street, London, February i, 1790, 
and presented the same date. 

William Waddell married, April 3, 1761, Geesie, daughter of Hon. Francis Fil- 
kin (N. Y. Hist. Soc. Col. Ill, page 226), and Catherine (Lewis) Filkin, at Mr. 


Filkin's residence, Pearl street, New York City. She was born in Poughkeepsie, 
March 25, 1740 (O. S.J, died, New York City, January 19, 1773; buried 
Waddell vault. Trinity Churchyard, New York, {New York Journal, January 28, 
1773, in N. Y. Hist. Soc Col. Ill, p. 226). 

Francis Filkin, born, Flatbush (now Brooklyn), New York, October 24, 1704, 
was long one of the prominent merchants and magistrates of New York City. He 
received the commissions of a Judge and a Justice in Ehitchess county. New York, 
in 1733, and resided there until 1748, when he removed to New York City. He 
was an Alderman from the South Ward, New York City, 1752 to 1769, and from 
the Dock Ward, 1770 to 1773; and one of His Majesties Justices of the Peace in 
New York City, as early as 1754 {New York Gazette, No. 573, January 21, 1754) ; 
he was the si.xth of ten children of Lieut. Col. Henry Filkin, of the Colonial Wars, 
born May 26, 1651, and his wife, Catryina Vonck, born March 9, 1669-70, and 
died 1758 (daughter of Cornelius Vonck and his wife, Madeline Rixe or Hend- 
ricks, of Southampton, Long Island — see Howell's Southampton, new Ed., p. 440 ; 
also N. Y. Gen. and Biog. Record, July, 1903), both of Flatbush before 1684. 
Henry Filkin was member of Assembly for Kings county, 1693-96; Justice of the 
Peace, 1693; heads the list of census of Flatbush, 1698, as of English descent 
(Bergen's "Register Early Settlers Kings Co., Long Island") ; Lieutenant Colonel, 
Kings county regiment (Cal. Hist. MSS. N. Y. Ivi, p. 47) ; one of the Trustees of 
Flatbush (ibid li, p. 118); SheriiT Kings county (ibid Ixxiv, p. 177); Elder in 
Reformed Dutch Church, Flatbush, etc. (Stile's Hist. Brooklyn I, 179). He was 
also one of the grantees of the "Great Nine Partners" patent in Dutchess county, 
granted in 1697 to Caleb Heathcote, Henry Filkin, etc., "nine men of wealth and 
high social standing" (P. H. Smith Hist. Dutchess Co., p. 129). He died October 
24, 1713, will dated September 22, 1713, recorded Lib. 8, p. 273, New York City. 

Catherine Lewis, born September 15, 1702 (widow of Peter Van Kleek), mar- 
ried (second) Francis Filkin, 1733, was the daughter of Col. Leonard Lewis, of 
the Colonial Wars, New York City and Poughkeepsie, and Elizabeth Harden- 
burgh, his wife. Col. Lewis was born 1669, in New York City, where he was "ad- 
mitted freeman, "1698 (Valentine's Hist. N. Y., p. 372) ; Captain of Foot Com- 
pany, New York City, 1700 (Doc. Hist. N. Y., vol. i, p. 361) ; Alderman, 1696-99 
(\'alentine"s Manual) ; recorded as a resident of Dutchess county, New York, 
1714 (Doc. Hist. N. Y., vol. i, p. 368) ; Justice Court Common Pleas, 1715 (Hist. 
MSS. N. Y., Ix, p. 85) ; Treasurer of Dutchess county, 1716; first resident repre- 
sentative to Assembly from Dutchess county, 1713-26 (J. D. Smith, Hist. Dutchess 
Co., pp. 51-123 and 125). He died in Poughkeepsie, August 19, 1730, and his 
grave is marked by a headstone in the graveyard near corner of Church and Main 
streets, near the site of the early Lewis home. His will dated February 8, 1723, 
proven August 23, 1733, is recorded Lib. A, p. 191, Dutchess County Registry of 
Deeds (not Wills), mentions his daughter "Catherina now the wife of Peter Van 
Kleek." The same book records a deed for 12,000 acres of land in Dutchess 
county (including part of present site of Poughkeepsie) to Leonard Lewis, of 
New York, the governors confirmation of title following. Leonard Lewis was the 
fourth son of Thomas Lewis, of New York City as early as 1666, and in regard 
to whom the following data among the genealogical collections of his son-in-law, 
Francis Filkin, has only recently come to light: 


"the said Thomas was borne in belfast in Ireland and came over from there to new york in 
march in cromwells wars. 

and his two (sic) siester first fled into hoUand before said Thomas Lewis came to said 
New York 

and the said Thomas maryed heare in albany and did use to go and trade to virginigh 
and to boston and Road illand in the year Anno 1666 and 1669 by his book and pepers and by 
his other book before and after 
and the said thomas Lewis did diye here in new york Suptr 28, 1684 

and he was then about 56 years old and left for sons Lodiwick, barent, thomas, Leonard. 

his will is recorded here in fort office * * * 

and this barent (son of Anthony son of Barent above. PHWS) Lewis has a great deel 
of the books and pepers of his old (great) grandfather thomas Lewis 

and said thomas had considerable habitations in new york the square where Samuel 
Lawrence lives and the catlic kerk and soundrie other plasis. 

Copy of the above sant to Irland." 

From the genealogical MSS. Record made by Justice Francis Filkin in a book now 
among the records of the County Clerk of Dutchess county, and which aside from a few 
court judgments records genealogical data regarding, first, Filkin family records ; second, list 
of marriages performed by Francis Filkin ; third, Lewis family (his wife's family) data. 
See also N. Y. Gen. Biog. Record, vols 34 and 35. 

As Francis Filkin left Dutchess county in 1748 the beginning of the record at least must 
be prior to that date; the record does not disclose the source of the Lewis data quoted, but 
it conflicts in no point with known though less complete data from other sources. 

Thomas Lewis bought in 1668 of Burgher Joris, the house and lot occupying 
the northeast_ corner of Hanover square and William street, New York City, 
which was later the site of the residence and place of business of William Brad- 
ford, the first established printer in New York, and is now the site of the new 
Cotton Exchange (Innes "New Amsterdam and Its People," p. 233). He was 
Alderman of New York City, 1675 and 1679; a register of vessels hailing from 
port of New York in 1684 lists a sloop as belonging to Thomas Lewis. He died 
September 24, 1684; will dated September 13, 1684, recorded New York City, 
Lib. 19 B, p. no, mentions his wife Geesie and children Lodewick, Barent, Leon- 
ard. Catharina and Thomas ; the latter married a daughter of Mrs, Gov. Leisler. 
Lieut. Col. William and Geesie (Filkin) Waddell had the following children, all 
born in New York City : 

John, b. Sept. 10, 1762, christened by Rev. Samuel Auchmuty, of Trinity Church, Oct. 20, 
1763, and d. Sept. 17, 1768; 

WilHam Filkin, b. Dec. 17, 1764, christened by Rev. Samuel Auchmuty, Jan. 5, 1765, and 
d. Aug. 27, 1768; 

Catherine, b. March 14, 1766, christened by Mr. Auchmuty, April i, 1766, and d. Oct. 
31, 1781; 

Henry, b. March 31, 1767; of whom later;_ 

Ann, b. April 6, 1768, christened by Mr. Auchmuty, May 2, 1768, and d. June 8, 1770; 

Mary, b. May 6, 1769, christened by Mr. Auchmuty, July 7, 1769, and d. June 9, 1770; 

Ann (2nd), b. July 8, 1770, christened Aug. 6, 1770; m., Jan. i, 1797, by Rev. Dr. Beach, 
of Trinity Church, to Lucas Elmendorf, Esq., of Esopus, N. Y., a prominent member 
of the Ulster County Bar; member of Congress, 1797 to 1803; member of Assembly, 
1804-05; State Senator, 1814-17; member of the famous Council of Appointment, for 
recommending dispensation of the "loaves and fishes" of those days; President Van 
Buren is reported to have regarded him as his political preceptor (Barrett's "Old 
Merchants of New York," vol. 3, p. 135, also Parton's "Andrew Jackson," vol. 3, 
chap, xix); children: William Henry, Julia, Ann, Annette and Charlotte; issue ex- 
tinct ; 

John Filkin, b. Jan. 19, 1773, christened by Mr. Auchmuty, Feb. 26, 1773; "Sailed from 
New York in the Summer of 1794 as Chief mate of the brig 'Mary,' commanded by 
Jonathan Reynolds to Hamburg or Petersburgh in Russia and has not been heard of 
since. The vessel was sold in Hamburg and Reynolds says that the crew was paid off, 
and discharged. John is supposed to have been drowned. This Mem. made by his 
brother Henry, May 14, 1816." (From Genealogical MSS. of Henry Waddell in pos- 
session of Philip H. Waddell Smith). 

Capt. Henry Waddell, son of William and Geesie (Filkin) Waddell, was 


born, New York City, March 31, 1767, christened by Rev. Samuel Auchniuty, of 
Trinity Church, New York. He did not (nor did the other children) accompany 
his father to London on the evacuation of New York in 1783, but remained in 
America. He was master of a vessel as early as 1794, as evidenced by his admis- 
sion as a full member of the Marine Society of the city of New York in that year. 
For the greater part of his life he was a ship master and owner, of the port of New 
York, usually accompanying his vessels which frequently visited European and 
South American ports. He was also one of the port wardens of the port of New 
York. He was senior member of the firm of Waddell & Taylor, in 1799, located 
at 199 Front street. New York. His residence was at first 58 Wall street, and 
from 1809 to 1818 at 53 Wall street (New York Directories). On October 30, 1803, 
he writes his father to report his arrival from London after a passage of 48 days,, 
and comments, "met with good fortune not to be boarded by any cruisers," adding 
in conclusion " I find Eliza (his wife Eliza Martin Daubeney, see below) and my 
little son (Wm. Coventry H. Waddell, born May 28th, 1802, See below), in good 
health." In February, 1805, he was awaiting in New York the return of his vessel, 
the "Martha," from Amsterdam, preparatory to making a voyage in her to "some 
part of Europe" (letter from H. W. to W. W. Feb. 28th, 1805), but he reports his 
plans as changed in August of the same year through having disposed of his 
interests in her. Later he again writes his father "I have been absent from home 
a long time while on a voyage to the river of Plata, and only returned to my fam- 
ily about a month ago (H. W. to W. W. July 23rd, 1807)." On March 31, 1810, 
while accompanying his vessel, the "Gov. Gore," bound for Tonningen, he was 
captured by the French Corsair, the "General Cafifarelli," Capt. Louis Renaux, 
who seized and conveyed her as a prize to France under the famous Berlin and 
Milan decrees of Napoleon, because his vessel had permitted herself to be boarded 
by an English man-of-war, of which the decrees of the Emperor did not admit. 
His personal liberty if not more, was in jeopardy, until as a last resort he made 
himself known as a Mason, when he received his liberty and every consideration 
(H. W. to W. C. H. W. to P. H. W. S.). Barrett states that he was absent from 
New York three years on his voyage (Barrett's "Old Merchants," vol. iii, p. 136). 
which would allow considerable time for his detention in Paris, from which under 
date of May 15, 1810, he wrote his father at London. Mementos of this enforced 
visit to Paris are still preserved in the form of a brass clock with a case of astro- 
nomical and nautical design, and in an open-faced gold watch from the firm of 
J. Bte Lenoir, Paris, which were brought back by Capt. Waddell, constituting 
further evidences of the fact that he was not left stranded or destitute by the 
seizure of his vessel. 

In 181 T) he found time to comjilete a manuscript record of Waddell and Kirten 
genealogy, doubtless preserving some data that must otherwise have been lost, 
and thus deserves the grateful recognition of his descendants genealogically inter- 
ested, here so long after recorded. 

Trustworthy tradition ( W. C. H. W. to P. H. W. S.) states that his letters Vo his 
wife were always in verse, and frequently with the lines crossing and recrossing, 
or with different colored inks in accordance with the custom of the day when post- 
age was levied on the number of sheets rather than their weight ; also that Capt. 
Waddell could intuitively approximate the time with great exactness even when 
roused from sleep at night ; doubtless the result of his extended sea-faring life. 


There is extant a water color medallion portrait of Capt. Waddell, also a bust 
portrait in 63^x7 "/linch contemporary framing, the latter bearing the authentication 
of W. C. H. Waddell endorsed thereon. Capt. Waddell died July 13, 1819, and 
was buried in the Waddell vault, Trinity Churchyard (Trinity Church record). 
His will is dated May 9, 1815, and was probated July 16, 1819; it is recorded New 
York City and mentions his grandmother, Anne Waddell, his father Lieut. Col. 
William Waddell, his wife Eliza Martin (Daubeney) Waddell, and his children 
as later recorded herein, executors Eliza Martin Waddell, John Henry Hobart, 
Lloyd S. Daubeney and Anthony Bleeker. 

Capt. Henry Waddell was married, November 8, 1800, by the Rev. Dr. Benja- 
min Moore, of Trinity Church, to Eliza Martin Daubeney, daughter of Mr. Lloyd 
Daubeney and Mary (Coventry) Daubeney, of 53 W^all street, New York City. 
She was bom. New York City, October, 1779, and baptized by Rev. Mr. Inglis, of 
Trinity Church, November 10, 1779; she died, New York City, June, 1835, and 
was buried Waddell vault, Trinity Churchyard. 

Capt. Henry and Eliza Martin (Daubeney) Waddell had the following children, 
all bom in New York City : 

William Coventry Henry, b. May 28, 1802; of whom later; 

John Henry, b. June 18, 1804, bapt. June 18, 1804; mentioned by name in his father's 
will; was graduated from Columbia College, with degree of A. M. in 1821 ; failing 
health requiring his seeking a different climate, he removed to St. Thomas, West 
Indies, where he d. unm., and was bur.; 

Francis Lucas, b. May, 1808; mentioned by name in his father's will; he m. Louisa Smith, 
daughter of Thomas H. Smith, of New York City, the greatest East India merchant 
and importer of his day, but d. without issue; his residence was on Seventeenth St., be- 
tween Gramercy Park and Fourth ave,, until his wife's death in 1855 or 57, after which 
until his own death, about two years later, he resided on Nineteenth st., near Sixth 
ave.; he was bur. in Waddell vault, Trinity Churchyard, Nov. 10, 1859; he was promi- 
nently identified with the social Hfe of New York City of his day; the loquacious Sco- 
field. in his Barrett's "Old Merchants of New York," says : 

"Francis L. Waddell was probably the most widely known young man in his day. 
I could write a book about "Frank" as he was called. He possessed a gentlemanly 
impudence that was sublime. Upon our rich nabobs who possessed no other shining 
quality than money, Frank absolutely looked down. There were men in the City that 
Frank would not have borrowed money from in the days of his hardest need, and 
Frank did see some tough times. It was a curious trait about Frank that he would 
spend his money as free as water, when he had it. He had no selfishness. He was 
clever in every sense of the word. He was a shining Ught in our highest society. He 
was courted by every one and when he died no one in our great living crowd was ever 
more missed. * * * No one was better known at our celebrated watering place Sara- 
tnoa. than Frank Wuhle!!. He nev.-r failed to Ik- at .\lirvin'- rnit.-.l State-; llo'el as 
the seasons came around, and probably no person was ever more identified with the 
gayeties of a fashionable resort like this than our friend Frank. He was the Beau 
Brummel of the place * * * and on no account was the host more entitled for the 
fashionable recherche character of the House, than he was to our interesting friends. 
♦ * * Frank was a bon vivant of the first order. He was the most remarkable man 
for wit and humor at the table that we ever saw and could place in accord the most 
incongruous material and the make the whole affair pass off under all circumstances 
with the greatest eclat." 

Lloyd Saxbury, b. June 12, 1812; was graduated from Columbia College, New York City, 
in 1831, and d., New York City, 1832, during his novitiate for the ministry. 

William Coventry H. Waddell, was born at 53 Wall street, New York City, 
May 28, 1802, baptized June 30, 1802 (Trinity Church Records). Mentioned by 
name in his father's will except that the latter omits "Henry," which may have 
been assumed later in life. A child's letter by W. C. H. W. containing the 
statement that it was the first one he ever wrote, and addressed to "My 
dear Aunt Charlotte (his mother's sister), is signed "Wm. Coventry Waddell," 


which seems to support this view. He was educated for a mercantile life, the 
consummation of his father's plans which were doubtless interfered with by the 
latter's death in his son's eighteenth year. In accordance with the customs of the 
day his first occupation was to carry the keys and sweep out the place of business 
of his employer. Later he progressed to the keeping of the books, until in 1827 
his qualifications doubtless assisted at least in his securing the secretaryship of the 
Pacific Insurance Company (Marine) of 49 Wall street, of which Jonathan H. 
Lawrence was president, and Isaac Wright, assistant president, a corporation of 
$200,000 capital incorporated in 1815 and commencing business in 1817 (Long- 
worth's N. Y. Register 182S and 9, p. 56). The discontinuance of the business co- 
incident with Andrew Jackson's appointment of Martin Van Burenas Secretary of 
State, and the close personal relation between the latter and Lucas Elmendorf, 
consijired to materially affect his later career, for in 1829, on the installation of 
Martin Van Buren as Secretary of State, the latter appointed him to a position 
in the State Department, which though not conspicuous was confidential, and was 
as he then thought munificently remunerated at $1,650.00 per year; the only 
greater salaries in the department being that of the Secretary himself at $6,000.00 
and that of his Chief Clerk, Daniel Brent, at $2,000.00. Of the fourteen offices 
occupied then by the Department of State No. i was assigned to the Secretary, 
No. 2 to the Chief Clerk and No. 3 to the financial agent, W. C. H. Waddell 
Here he had charge of the finances of the Department, including the disburse- 
ment of a portion of the secret service funds ; he was also the confidential messen- 
ger from the Secretary of State to the President, and later in charge of the taking 
of the census which was then under the direction of the Department of State. 
While constantly studious to win the personal regard and friendship of his super- 
ior. Secretary Van Buren, the great natural reserve and forbidding dignity of the 
latter seemed to have prevented more than the most formal relations. With 
President Jackson, it was markedly different, where whatever the further cause, 
doubtless his youth and frank disingenuousness and direct address had much to do 
with making him, as events openly manifested, a great favorite and protege in a 
distinctly personal rather than in a political sense. In the weariness and strife of 
the political life of those times even so strenuous an old fighter as Andrew Jack- 
son must have craved a respite from the self-interested attentions of a patronage- 
seeking populace, and naturally have found rest and relaxation in the warm- 
hearted and cordial relations which he markedly manifested toward the young 
State Department Clerk of twenty-eight, once satisfied, as he came to be, that the 
latter's cup of satisfaction was already full to overflowing, and that he had no 
favors to ask for himself or others. The entire confidence which the President 
seemed to give to his young friend led to many long informal talks, and laid the 
basis for the continuing friendship which never failed to manifest itself when- 
ever opportunity occurred. It also led, however, to some amusing complications 
with the Secretary of State, as when the President insisted that the former's 
subordinate, and for the latter's personal benefit, should pass informal personal 
judgment on some of the state papers of the Secretary. 

The President's friendship was not long in being put to a practical test, owing to 
an unexpected change which left vacant the office of United States Marshal for 
the Southern District of the State of New York, then on account of the fees which 
had been fixed when the city was a small town, one of the most lucrative positions 


within the gift of the government. Through chance, Coventry Waddell had learn- 
ed of the vacancy, one mail before any one else in Washington. Desiring the office 
and accustomed to deal directly and personally with the president, he went 
straightway to the later's office and addressed him in words like these (See Par- 
ton's "Life of Andrew Jackson," vol. iii. chap, xix) : 

"General, the United States Marshalship of New York is vacant. Vou will be notified 
of the fact tomorrow morning. It was long ago understood between you and me that the 
straightforward way of doing business was the best, and I will proceed in that way to ask 
you two questions. Do you consider me competent to discharge the duties of that office?" 
"I do," said the President. "Will you give me the appointment?" "I will," was his instan- 
taneous reply; and he did. My name was sent to the Senate immediately, the nomination 
was confirmed, and I was soon at my new post, to the great astonishment of several worthy 
gentlemen, who were striving with might and main by night and day to secure the place for 
themselves. At the expiration of my term of four years, I went to Washington and asked a 
re-appointment in precisely the same manner, and received for answer the same emphatic 
and instantaneous "I will" as before. On this occasion the Private Secretary being busy he 
requested me to write my own nomination. I did so, but as it was decided best that the 
document should go to the Senate in the usual handwriting. Major Donaldson copied it and 
sent it to the Capitol. Mr. Forsythe was then Secretary of State. I called upon him and 
informed him of my reappointment, and that my name was then before the Senate. "Have 
you called upon your Senators," he asked, "I have not" was my innocent reply. "I did not 
suppose it was necessary," "O no," said he, "It is not necessary. If General Jackson says 
so, that's enough. There's no Secretary of State, no Senate, no anybody — if General Jack- 
son has made up his mind." 

Mr. Van Buren who was sitting near laughed, I laughed; we performed a laughing trio; 
in the midst of which I took my leave well assured in my own mind that I had the best of 
the joke. 

Four years later, however, Mr. Van Buren being President, I took a slightly different 
view of the matter; as the expiration of my second term drew near I employed all of the 
usual arts and some of the unusual ones to secure a re-appointment, and entertained confident 
hopes of success. Indeed I felt assured of it and had reason to do so, though from the 
President, himself I had heard nothing. My second term expired and still I heard nothing 
of the fate of my application. The next morning at lo precisely a gentleman entered my 
office and, presenting his commission informed me with the utmost politeness that I saw 
before me that dread being — terror of all office holders — a successor.'' 

His commissions as United States Marshal ran from November 7, 1831, to De- 
cember 10, 1839. During this period his residence was No. 27 Bond street, New 
York, until his mother's death in 1835, soon after which he removed his family to 
Parsippany, New Jersey, the former home of his wife, Julia Anna Cobb. There 
he occupied a residence then standing on the opposite side of the street from 
the residence he shortly later erected, the latter afterwards known as Ailanthus 
Hall, and at present the "Childrens Home" of Morris county, New Jersey. 

Ehiring his marshalship he had a unique experience in connection with the 
Crown Jewels of the Prince of Orange, heir to the throne of the Netherlands, 
which had been stolen from the Royal Palace at Laaken, near Brussels, at a time 
and under conditions which greatly magnified the political importance of their dis- 
covery and return. The theft occurred September 25, 1829, when were stolen 
imperial insignia, jewels and personal ornaments of the Princess of Orange, con- 
sisting of 2,091 carats of diamonds and about 13,462 other pieces of a very rare 
and peculiar description, many being the gifts from her family of the Imperial 
Court of Russia and having historic keepsake value in excess of their appraised 
valuation, placed upon them at the time variously from several hundred thousand 
dollars to a million dollars. International courtesies were invoked by the Dutch 
government for the apprehension of the felon and return of the jewels, but with- 
out avail, and for nearly two years no trace of either were to be found. Mean- 
while the Belgium Revolution which resulted in the separation of what are now 
the Netherlands and Belgium was approaching, and the popular feeling and pre- 


judices were hostile to the royal family. The remissness of the Prince in his 
pecuniary engagements was notorious and a general incredulity began to prevail 
that a theft of such magnitude as reported could have gone so long without con- 
firming evidence. Distrust and suspicion pointed to the possibility that the jewels 
had been appropriated to his private use, and their theft reported as a ruse to ex- 
plain their disappearance. The discovery and return of the jewels became there- 
fore a matter of the gravest moment to the House of Orange, and a reward of 
50,000 florins was later offered for their return. The facts of the matter are that 
the thief had buried his plunder entire, a few miles from Brussels, the night of 
the theft, and had returned the next day to his ordinary residence and work in 
Brussels as a mechanic. No part of the property had been retained for his own 
use. About two years later he dug up the jewels, rudely forced from their settings, 
such as he thought least susceptible of identification, to an aggregate valuation of 
about $400,000, reinterred the remainder, and with the former concealed in a 
hollow walking stick, a hollow umbrella stick, and a hollow toy for his child, and 
on the person and apparel of his wife, passed out of Belgium on foot, through 
France, where disposing of enough for their personal expenses to New York City 
reached the latter place, July 20, 1831, eluded the vigilance of the custom officers 
at that port. Betrayed by his wife to a man who had ingratiated himself with her. 
and by the latter, in the hope of a double reward, betrayed coincidently to the 
United States Customs authorities, as well as to the Dutch Minister, Baron Von 
Huygens, a considerable portion of the jewels was soon in the custody of the 
United States Marshal's office as smuggled goods. The claims of those participat- 
ing in the seizure, the royal ownership of the jewels, the turning over the criminals 
to the Dutch authorities and the successful resistance of the attempt of the col- 
lector of the port to have the jewels turned over to his custody, presented many 
interesting complications, the avoidance of which was admittedly a difficult accom- 
plishment, and which the United States Marshal (in consultation with President 
Jackson), was primarily instrumental in bringing about. Official recognition of 
his services by the government of the Netherlands is expressed in the following 
communication under date of August 15, 1832, from R. Bangeman Huygens, 
Count de Louvendal, Charge des Affaires of the Dutch government: 

"My dear Sir: "New York, August 15, 1832. 

I have the honor to inform you that I have been instructed to present to you in the name 
of H. I. R. Highness, the Princess of Orange, a token of the high sense she entertains of 
your praiseworthy conduct in January last in the recovery of that part of the Jewels stolen 
from the Palace at Brussels by Carrara and seized by the Custom House of this Port, after 
their introduction into the Country by the felon. 

Permit me on this occasion to reiterate to you my personal acknowledgment of gratitude 
for your kind and able assistance toward the successful issue of this affair; and as for the 
performance of the gratifying duty that devolves upon me. I am left entirely to my own 
discretion, it is my sincere desire to meet your views on the subject. I therefore request you 
to state to me the manner in which it would be most agreeable to you to receive this token 
of regard. I remain respectfully, 

VVm. Coventry H. Waddell Your obedient servant, 

U. S. Marshal R. B. Huygens." 

New York. 

His official position under the government was a barrier to the acceptance at 
that time of the proposed recognition, which eventually failed of further fulfill- 
ment, although more than once later, when this objection no longer existed, and 
once as late as 1875, it seemed on the eve of consummation. (W. H. C. W. MSS. 


in collection of P. H. W. S. ; also U. S. Senate Doc. Misc. 127; 31st Congress, ist 
Session. Petition of Wm. A. Seely). 

As early as 1830 he became actively interested in the Board of Proprietors of 
East New Jersey, his wife inheriting certain proprietary interests and rights from 
her father, Col. Lemuel Cobb, formerly Surveyor General of the Board. Adding 
largely to these interests on his own account, he was one of the Proprietors prin- 
cipally interested in the important suit brought in 1839 in his name, before the 
Supreme Court of the United States, to finally determine the ultimately immensely 
valuable ownership of land under navigable water. This suit was decided ad- 
versely to the Proprietors (see Martin's vs. Waddell, 16 Peters, 367415). He was 
appointed in 1841 Official and General Assignee in Bankruptcy for New York, a 
position which he held for forty-three years and until his death in 1884. 

His wife, Julia Anna (Cobb) Waddell died June 20, 1841, from a cold con- 
tracted in overseeing the setting out of shrubs and trees at her new residence at 
Parsippany ; she was buried in the Cobb Lot at Parsippany, where a gravestone 
marks her place of burial. 

In 1842 he married (second) Charlotte Augusta Southwick, widow of William 
McMurray; she survived him, dying in 1891. A few years following his second 
marriage he built a residence on Murray Hill, New York City, on a site now occu- 
pied by the Brick Church, and at a time when Fifth avenue was but a country 
road, without a residence nearer than the site of what was later occupied by the 
Fifth Avenue Hotel, northwest corner of Fifth avenue and twenty-third street. 
A writer comments on the residence as follows : 

"His residence — known as Waddell Castle — was on the Old Murray Farm now the 
center of Murray Hill. The Grounds covered the area now bounded by sth and 6th Ave- 
nues and 37th and 38th Streets, and were beautifully shaded with oaks and elms, many of 
which were a century old. Large green houses, extensive grape arbors, acres of fruit trees 
and well cultivated gardens made the place a favorite point for strangers to visit ; and the 
castle with its lofty towers overlooking the Hudson, and with its heavy en-garniture of ivy 
and roses, was known far and wide as the most stately mansion between the Harlem and the 
Sea." (N. Y. Truth, June 3rd, 1884. Further described and illustrated in Putnam's Monthly 
Magazine, March, 1854, Booth's "History of New York," Page 620, and Lamb's "History of 
New York," Vol. 2, p. 756). 

But this residence, while admired and famed for its beauty and environment, will 
be chiefly remembered, if remembered at all, for the fact that Mrs. Coventry Wad- 
dell there established and long maintained a unique center which has been repeated- 
ly characterized as the first American Salon. Here were entertained all of our own, 
as well as such of European celebrities as then visited our shores. No record is 
to be found which treats of the social history of New York City in the nineteenth 
century as a whole, and which does not pay its tribute to this Salon and its hostess. 
It is referred to at some length and considerable detail in Mrs. Ellet's "Queens of 
American Society," (where is also recorded a contemporary engraved portrait of 
Mrs. Coventry Waddell), and is frequently reverted to in current articles appear- 
ing from time to time. See another engraving, from drawing by Charles Martin, 
1851, in Mrs. Kirkland's "The Book of Home Beauty," N. Y., 1852. 

At her death, June 11, 1891, Mr. Chauncey M. Depew, perhaps best epitomizes 
the regard in which she was held by those of the generation among which she last 
lived, when he says : 

"Mrs. Coventry Waddell is a tradition to the active members of fashionable society of 
New York of today, but those who have heard the reminescences of New Yorkers of the 


generation past have listened to most delightful reminescences of Mrs. Waddell. She was a 
society leader in a much broader and fuller sense than we understand it now. She was un- 
doubtedly the first New York lady who ever had a Salon, and it is unfortunate for the City 
that she has had so few successors. The one thing which New York lacks to make it a 
metropolis is some house with a hostess of refinement and culture, where for one evening in 
the week, all that is eminent in literature, journalism, the law, pulpit, medicine, science and 
art in its various forms of expression, with pencil, brush, chisel, voice, the instrument, or on 
the stage, could meet on an equal footing under her hospitable roof. Mrs. Coventry Waddell 
did that in her time; no one does it now. * * * 

She was the beneficent ruler of the circle which she created and adorned long before my 
lime. * * * It has been my pleasure, however, on occasions quite too infrequent in the last 
ten years, to be a guest of Mrs. Waddell's. A dinner at her house was a picturesque noctes 
ambrosiana. There were a thousand houses in New York which could excell it in the 
viands, the courses, the wines, the flowers, the table furnishings and decorations ; there were 
none which could approach it in the intellectual favor which pervaded the feast. * * * She 
had the rare art of knowing when and how to bring out the best points of guests, whose best 
in their line was unsurpassed anywhere, and she could herself contribute a recitation or 
delineation, or reminescence worthy of the powers of the most distinguished about the board. 
I have been reminded at her house how little the world of New York, which rushes along in 
its royal, gilded, lavish and gorgeous way, knows of the supreme pleasures possible with 
limited opportunities under such magical guidance, delicate taste and mature experience, as 
were the characteristics of Mrs. Waddell. There was no refinement of ultra-fashionable life 
with which she was not familiar. There was no aspiration of struggling genius with which 
she could not sympathize. She knew thoroughly the best literature of the language and 
appreciated art so keenly that in expression and interpretation she was an exquisite artist 
herself. Any one who knew Mrs. Coventry Waddell, as her friends knew her, will appre- 
ciate how valuable a contribution the life of such a woman was to the time in which she lived 
and how great a loss to the circle, which can know her no more." (N. Y. Mail & Express, 
June lith, 1891). 

Another contemporary ailicle is as follows: 

"Mrs. Charlotte Augusta Waddell was in the early 'Fifties' the acknowledged leader of 
the Metropolitan Fashionable Four Hundred of that period. Endowered with rare beauty, 
gifted with extraordinary talent, a brilliant conversationalist, and in the possession of an 
ample fortune, she exercised a social sway which is without parallel in the annals of New 
York Society. * * * She was a woman of the very highest cultivation and of the most 
charming manner. The younger society leaders of today know her only by tradition as it 
were, but the chapter in which her triumphs are recorded, is one of the very brightest in the 
social history of the metropolis." (N. Y. World, June 12, 1891). 

She was the daughter of Jonathan Southwick, of New York City, and grand- 
daughter of Worthington Ely, whose father. Dr. John Ely, married Sarah Worth- 
ington, a great beauty and sister of the mother of Gov. John Cotton Smith. The 
Worthingtons were descended from Hugh Worthington who held the Lordship of 
Worthington under Edward IV., 1474. The Elys settled in Lyme, Connecticut, 
about 1660, and the family has ever been one of influence. From Sarah Worthing- 
ton also descended Samuel Goodrich, the famous "Peter Parley" of history. See 
further biographical references of Mrs. Waddell. in "Emma Willard and Her 
Pupils," the latter being ^Irs. Russell Sage's tribute to a famous educator and the 
most notable girls' school of its generation. 

William Coventry H. and Charlotte Augusta (Southwick) Waddell had the 
following children : 

William Southwick Waddell, b. 1843; d. s. p., and bur. Waddell vault. Trinity Church- 
yard. New York, Dec. 18, 1861; 

Ida Lucretia Waddell. b. July, 1845; d. s. p., and bur. Waddell vault. Trinity Churchyard, 
New York, Dec. 26, 1863; 

Anne Augusta Coventry Waddell, b. 1847; d. s. p., and bur. Waddell vault, Trinity 
Churchyard, New York. 

Between 1847 and 1857 William Coventry H. Waddell was one of the largest 
owners of New York City real estate and had unbounded faith in the future devel- 


opment of the city. He was greatly interested in the development of the Adiaron- 
dack and St. Lawrence regions and owned considerable tracts in each, building a 
summer residence on the former properties at DeKalb, St. Lawrence county, part 
of which were originally Daubeney lands. His optimism regarding the ultimate 
value of the iron ore deposits in New York State (see his paper on "Northern 
New York," read before American Geographical & Statistical Society, November 
2, 1854), is coming to be more and more justified. Over-extension in his real 
estate investments caused his failure in the great panic of 1857 and from which 
he never financially recovered. Murray Hill was sold and not long after torn 
down to furnish the site of the present Brick Church, and he removed with his 
family, after a few years, to Newburg on the Hudson, though returning after a 
brief interval to a residence overlooking the Hudson river at One Hundred and 
Forty-third street, but a few rods distance from "The Grange" of Alexander Ham- 
ilton. He accepted a post in the United States Custom House, as legal expert on 
cases involving seizures, which he continued to fill, undisturbed by the many 
changing administrations, and with marked fidelity until his death. 

He was strongly interested in genealogy and to this interest more than to any 
other single fact is doubtless due the preservation of the data which makes possi- 
ble much of the present record regarding Waddell, Coventry, Daubeney, and allied 
lines. He was the originator of the Genealogical Registry which for some years 
had its offices in the Society Library Building, New York City, and which preceded 
by nearly forty years a service, recently ( 1909), sought to be rendered by the New 
York Genealogical and Biographical Society (of which he was also a member as 
early as 1869) in authenticating and recording genealogical pedigrees and data, 
although doubtless the latter's greater facilities for authenticating such records is 
not to be denied. He was elected a member of the St. Nicholas Society of New 
York City, December 5, 1845. On January 11, 1841, he was admitted to member- 
ship in the New York Society Library, in the right of his great-grandfather, John 
Waddell, one of the original subscribers, and which right had been forfeited in 
the American Revolution (see Keep's History "New York Society Library," p. 
408, for reproduction of revived certificate). He was one of the incorporators in 
1854, and a member of the Council of the American Geographical Society 
(Memorial History, N. Y., vol. 4, p. 451), and in 1862 one of the charter members 
of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (ibid vol. iii, p. 443). 

Waddell Bay was named for him by Capt. Charles Francis Hall on his North 
Polar expedition (see latter's "Life Among Esquimaux," p. 376). 

A warm personal friend of Gen. Sam Houston, his attention was early directed 
toward Texas, and with others he expended considerable sums in colonizing ex- 
penses of the Rio Grande and Texas Land Company, of which he was president. 

His acquaintance and personal friendship among the prominent men of his time 
was extensive, including particularly Andrew Jackson, Edward Livingston, Re- 
verdy Johnson, Sam Houston, John C. Freemont, Washington Irving, Gov. Marcy, 
Samuel L. Southerd, George Bancroft, Lewis Cass, Silas Bent, Horatio Seymour, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Abram S. Hewitt, William E. Dodge, Stephen Vail, S. F. B. 

He was keenly alive to progress and development in all scientific and material 
matters, as well as in thought, and was in many ways a generation in advance of 
his time. Among other things, his particular interests and activities comprehended 


the following topics ; the development of the water fronts of New York City and 
the great ultimate value of lands under water; oceanic and aerial currents; polar 
exploration and research ; genealogy ; humanitarian interests — prevention of cruel- 
ty to children and to animals ; persistent activity in the manner of legislation for 
reduction of rate of postage, both domestic and foreign; the publication of news- 
papers in a form admitting the turning of the pages as at present, instead of large 
uncut pages requiring unfolding; condensed news of a week in book size and 
pamphlet form ; removal of fences and enclosures formerly enclosing the smaller 
city parks and squares; the value of street cars as a medium for advertising by 
removable signs ; double deck sidewalks and street-crossings ; bulk heads on water 
fronts for combined warehouses and inter-warehouse traffic; originated for his 
own benefit the ventilation now usual in men's stilif hats, and later adopted by 
Knox of New York. 

In religion he was a Universalist and a prominent member of that church in 
New York City until his death. Theology was for many years the principal theme 
of his thought and pen, especially in his later years, and he was always ready and 
able to give clearly defined reasons for the faith that was in him. 

He was a splendidly-equipped and well-informed conversationalist, and in all 
of his relationships, had the ease, dignity and reserve of an old school gentleman, 
to which title he had every rightful claim. 

He died suddenly June i, 1884, at his residence. No. 351 West Ninety-second 
street. New York City, after a short illness from pneumonia. Funeral services 
were held at the Fifty-seventh Street Universalist Church by Dr. Pullman. In con- 
formance with an earlier request he was buried in the Southwick vault at New 
Baltimore, near Albany. 

His will is dated New York City, August 25, 1882, proven October 29, 1885, 
and is recorded Liber 345 of Wills, page 24, New York City. It makes equal 
division of his estate between his surviving widow, Charlotte A. Waddell, and his 
daughter, S. Alice (Waddell) Smith. 

The following are brief abstracts from the more extended notices of his death 
appearing in the New York Press at the time : 

"Yesterday morning after a severe attack of pneumonia of three days duration, Mr. Wm. 
Coventry H. Waddell, one of New Yorks best known citizens, passed away in the S3rd year 
of his age * * * for many years he was one of the largest real estate owners on Manhattan 
Island * * * the Panic of 57 almost ruined Mr. Waddell. 'But for that panic,' said a promi- 
nent business man yesterday, 'I do not question that Wm. Coventry H. Waddell, would have 
been worth his hundreds of millions'." (N. Y. Truth, June 3, 1884). 

"We have just learned the sad news of the death of one of New Yorks oldest and most 
esteemed citizen, Mr. Wm. Coventry H. Waddell. Although past 80 years of age he was so 
vigorous that his death will surprise those who have seen him most of late years. He caught 
cold a few days ago and it ran into pneumonia. At i o'clock this morning he passed away. 
He was born in Wall Street in 1802 and was directly descended from the Earls of Coventry. 
He was an intimate friend of General Jackson, who when President made him Marshal for 
this district. He was remarkable for the dignity and courtesy of his manner, for the fresh- 
ness of his interests in scientific and religious questions and for his fidelity to duty." (Un- 
identified N, Y. paper, June 2 or 3, 1884). 

"The death of Wm. Coventry H. Waddell which occured recently recalls many facts of 
the somewhat remarkable career of that gentleman. Mr. Waddell was a descendant of one 
of the oldest noble families of England and was a cousin of the Earl of Coventry who is the 
head of the ancestral house. He was born in this City and inherited great wealth, yet he 
passed through many vicissitudes, and experienced more of the ups and downs of life than 
usually have to he encountered by one man. From being a large land owner who at one 
time headed the list of owners of real estate in this City and occupying a residence on 5th 
Avenue which was known as 'Waddell's Castle,' Mr. Waddell suddenly became a compara- 
tively poor man * ♦ * The most notable fact, however, perhaps after all, in his life, is his 
holdi"R ine office over 40 years; that of Register of Bankruptcy * * *, his appointment 


dating back to 1841, at the time of his death. Mr. Waddell was gentleman of the old school, 
tall, stately and of commanding presence; he was a man of very temperate habits and of 
most genial and equable temper and to this is doubtless owing his longevity." (N. Y. Herald, 
June 9, 1884) . 

William Coventry H. Waddell married (first), January, 1829, Julia Anna Cobb, 
daughter of Lieut. Col. Lemuel Bowers and Susan (Farrand) Cobb, of Parsip- 
pany, New Jersey. 

Lemuel Bowers Cobb was the son of Edward Cobb, of Parsippany, New Jersey, 
(and Elizabeth Bowers, daughter of Judge Lemuel Bowers, of Morris county, a 
Judge in Morris county from December 2, 1756) son of Ebenezer Cobb, of Par- 
sippany, New Jersey (and Mehitable Robinson, third generation from William 
Robinson, of Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1635, and fourth generation from 
Benet Eliot, of Wasing, England, in America, 1631 — see Boston Transcript, April 
18, 1889), who came from Taunton, Massachusetts, son of Edward Cobb, of Taun- 
ton, son of Edward Cobb, of Taunton, son of Henry Cobb, born 1596, county 
Kent, England, and was in Plymouth, New England, 1629, Scituate, 1633, and 
afterwards of Barnstable, Massachusetts — see Davis' "Ancient Landmarks of 
Plymouth," Boston, 1899, also "Genealogical Notes Barnstable Families," Barn- 
stable, 1888, also Crayon's "Rockaway (N. J.) Records," Rockaway, New Jersey. 

Susan Farrand was daughter of Ebenezer Farrand (and Rebecca Parritt), of 
Hanover township, Morris county. New Jersey, son of Ebenezer Farrand (and 
Rebecca Ward), of Hanover township, son of Samuel Farrand, of Newark, New 
Jersey, 171 1, son of Nathaniel Farrand, of Milford, Connecticut, son of Nathaniel 
Farrand, of Milford, Connecticut, in 1645 — see Farrand genealogy in "Robert 
Kitchell and his Descendants," New York, 1879. 

Children of William Coventry H. and Julia Anna (Cobb) Waddell were: 

Henry Coventry, b. at "The Corner," Parsippany, N. J., Sept. 16, 1832; studied at 
the Frame School, Montclair (formerly West Bloomfield), N. J., and under Prof. Met- 
calf, at "Ailanthus Hall," Parsippany; about 1855, he made a trip to China and return 
with Capt. Weber, in the ship, "Tartar," after which his father purchased for him an 
interest in the Empire Mining Co., of Grass Valley, Ca!.; disposing of this interest 
later, he returned east and removed to Will CO., 111., and engaged in surveying until 
the opening of the war, during which he served in the Union Army, in various capac- 
ities; thereafter he was variously occupied in the west and northwest in mining and 
timber contracting until his death (unm.) at Rathdrum, Idaho, Jan., 1897; 

S. Alice, b. Parsippany, N. J., Sept. 26, 1834; of whom later; 

Andrew Cobb, b. Parsippany, N. J., May 25, 1836; named for his maternal uncle, Judge 
Andrew B. Cobb, with whom for many years he lived as a youth ; he studied at the 
Emerson School, Caldwell, N. J.; the Styles School, Deckertown, N. J.; the Frame 
School, Bloomfield, N. J., and with Rev. Mr. Clark, at Ridgefield, Conn.; he began 
business with George T. Cobb, iron merchant, of 78 and 80 Broad st.. New York, 
resigning to enter business on his own account, as a metal broker, which he gave up 
about two years later, to enlist at Peoria, 111., in the Fourteenth Illinois Cavalry, his 
re-enlistment continuing him in service until the close of the war; among his 
engagements were the actions at Knoxville and Nashville, Tenn., and the capture of 
Morgan, in Ohio; he served in various capacities as Sergeant and Actmg Adjutant; a 
marked and lasting love for highly bred dogs resulted in his establishing, soon after 
the war, at Newton, N. J., the first private breeding kennel in America, and his entries 
of many prize winners (particularly pointers and setters), will be found of record 
among kennel notes from 1870 to 1890, including "Black Phil," "Champion Fan," 
and "Champion Seaford," pointers; also "Queen Alice," "Laverack Chief," "American 
Dan," and "Brigand Chief," setters; his kennels were later removed to Edinah, Mo., 
and Topeka, Kan.; he now lives at Parsippany, N. J., unm.; 

Lloyd Daubeney, b., Parsippany, N. J., May 17, 1838, at his parents, then residence oppo- 
site the present "Children's Home"; named for his father's maternal grandfather, 
Lloyd Daubeney; he studied at Hezekiah Scotts, Ridgefield, near Danbury, Conn., and 
later with Rev. Mr. Clark, at the same place; entered business under Isaac Fowler, 
postmaster of New York City, where, after remaining about a year, he removed to 


111., and in partnership with T. E. G. Ransom, later Major General, opened a general 
mechandise store on the Illinois Central Railroad, at Fredonia, 111.; on the opening of 
the war both enlisted, and raised a volunteer company, of which Ransom was made 
Captain and Waddell, Lieutenant ; this company was combined at Springfield, 111., with 
other companies to form the Eleventh Volunteer Regiment, Lew Wallace, Colonel; 
Ransom, Major, L. D. Waddell, Captain, 

Capt. Waddell was promoted Lieutenant Colonel at Fort Donaldson, and among 
other engagements was present at the fall of Vicksburg, where he was transferred to 
the staff of Gen. McArthur, and later made Provost Marshal of Vicksburg; after the 
war he was appointed Assessor for the Southern District of Georgia, and while there 
in 1866-68 leased and operated, for two years, the Habersham rice plantation of 2700 
acres on the Ogechee river, near Savannah. For a number of years connected with 
his father in bankruptcy cases and later and for many years interested in mining, 
principally in Georgia, and Sonora, Mexico ; residence, New York City. He d. there, 
Jan. 24, 1904; bur. at Woodlawn Cemetery. 

In 1870, he m. Emma Morris Stebbins, daughter of William Stebbins and Julia Morris, 
of Morrisania, N. Y.; she d. of scarlet fever, New York City, Feb. 29, 1882, aged 
thirty-eight (A^. Y. Herald, March 1, 1882); bur. at Woodlawn Cemetery; issue: 
Anna Morris, b. Feb. 29, 1872; m. Irving P. Lovejoy, of New York City; 
Alice Coventry, b. July 28, 1873; d. of scarlet fever. New York City, Feb. 28, 1882, 

aged eight years; bur. at Woodlawn Cemetery; 
Lloyd Daubeney, b. Feb. 28, 1874; graduated from Phillips Andover Academy, 
1898, and from Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University, 1901, with degree of 
Ph. B.; real estate broker, Pittsburgh; 
Emma Florence, b. Oct. 26, 1877; d. of scarlet fever, New York City, Feb. 26, 

1882, aged four years; bur. Woodlawn Cemetery; 
Coventry, b. July 16, 1879; d. of scarlet fever. New York City, March i, 1882; bur. 

Woodlawn Cemetery; 
Saxbury, b. Nov. 2, 1881; living in New York City. 
Thompson Betts Waddell, b., Parsippany, N. J., Sept. 18, 1840; studied at Hezekiah 
Scotts, Ridgefield, Conn. ; served during the latter part of the war as private secretary 
to Com. Bell, who was with Farragut, when he ran the forts at New Orleans; later 
connected with the City Controllers Office, New York City; on April 26, 1882, he m. 
Serena Riker, of Flushing, L. I., and d. Aug. 22, 1882, at Flushing, and was bur. at 
Woodlawn Cemetery; his only child, Constance, was born after her father's death. 

S. Alice Waddell, born Parsippany, New Jersey, September 26, 1834, was 
named for her maternal grandmother, Susan Farrand, although she early dropped 
the first name, except in its abbreviated form, and in legal documents. When about 
ten years of age, she removed with her father to Murray Hill, New York City, and 
except for a few years spent at Newburgh on the Hudson during the war, she lived 
in New York until her marriage in 1868. During this period she frequently spent 
long intervals at "The Corner," Parsippany, New Jersey, at the home of her ma- 
ternal uncle, Judge Cobb. She was married from her father's residence on the 
present Boulevard, then One Hundred and Forty-third street and Eleventh avenue, 
New York City, April 8, 1868, to George Washington Smith. She is mentioned 
in her father's will, as "my faithful daughter Susan Alice Smith, wife of George 
W. Smith, now residing at Parsippany, Morris County, N. J., in the precinct of 
Troy," and was made joint and equal inheritor with his surviving widow. 

She was from girlhood a member of the Presbyterian Church. Of medium 
stature, with dark eyes and black hair, the latter of which she retained in large 
measure until within a few years before her death, she is said to have resembled, 
in appearance, her mother, of whom no portrait has been preserved. Chief among 
the traits of character which endear her memory to her family and friends were 
the strength and tenacity of her friendships and affections, and faithfulness in the 
discharge of duty. Her death occurred at Parsippany, New Jersey, December 
26, 1898, after a long illness, and she was buried in the George W. Smith lot of the 
cemetery of that place. 


S. Alice Waddell and George Washington Smith had children of whom the 
eldest is, 

Philip H. Waddell Smith, born Hanover township, Morris county. New 
Jersey, January 5, 1869, now of Pittsburgh and Sewickley, Pennsylvania. He 
married Isabella Williamson MacLaren, May 28, 1903; they have the following 
children : 

Alice Waddell; 
Coventry Waddell. 

(The Coventry Line). 

William Coventry, of the Island of St. Christopher (or St. Kitts), West 
Indies, and New York City (1715-1774), was the first of his line in America. Be- 
tween himself and the succession which would have made him the Earl of Coven- 
try and Viscount Deerhurst, there stood for many years but one man, namely, his 
father's next older brother, who on the failure of male heirs of Thomas Lord 
Coventry, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal in 1625, became on October 17, 1719, 
the Fifth Earl of Coventry. 

The line originates with: 

John Coventry (founder of the family), Sheriff and Lord Mayor of London 
in 1416 and 1425 respectively, and from whom lineally descended (see any Peer- 
age) : 

Thomas Coventry, born 1547, of Baliol College, Oxford, and Inner Temple, 
London, who married Margaret Jeffreys, and died December 12, 1606; they had 
three sons — Thomas (see below), William of Ridmarly, and Walter, ancestor to 
the present Earl as well as to the line of William of New York. The eldest son : 

Thomas Lord Coventry, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, b. 1578, was also of Baliol 
College, Oxford and Inner Temple, London. In the reign of Charles the First he 
attained and by common consent deserved in an exceptional degree, the highest dig- 
nities under the law in the gift of the King, when he was successively made SoHcitor 
General, Attorney General, and later, in 1625, Lord Keeper of the Great 
Seal. On April 10, 1628, he was created a Baron by the title of Lord Coventry of 
Aylesborough (see Campbell's "Lives of the Chancellors of England")- 

The family later produced some notably able men, on whom their dignities and 
honors were bestowed for their services to the State, a somewhat exceptional basis of 
advancement under the Stuart Kings. Many, in such service ran athwart the plans 
and pleasures of their monarchs, and at times experienced the latter's displeasure, as 

Sir John Coventry, K. B., the eldest son of the Lord Keeper by his second mar- 
riage, and a member of the Long Parliament, sneered in Parliament over the 
solicitude of King Charles for the welfare of his female players, and brought 
upon himself the King's displeasure in the shape of a slit nose, at the hands of 
Buckingham's bullies, Dec. 21, 1670. But he also identified his name with the 
"Coventry Act," which banished the offenders, and specifically took from the 
King the right to pardon them (Macauley's Hist. Eng. I, 152), and which made 
it a felony without benefit of clergy to maim or disfigure the person. (Keight- 
ley's Hist. Eng.) ; 
Sir Henry Coventry, second son of the Lord Keeper by his second marriage, was 
Envoy Extraordinary to Sweden in 1664, Ambassador Extraordinary to Breda 
in 1667, for concluding peace with France, Denmark and the States General, 
and in 1672 was one of His Majesties principal Secretaries of State; 
Sir William Coventry, youngest brother to the above, one of the Lords of the 
Admiralty under Charles II., and the shining hero of Samuel Pepys in the 
latter's diary, choose rather to return to private life "because he was too honest 
to engage in the designs of that reign" (Collin's Peerage IV., 165). H. B. 
Wheatly, in speaking of Sir William Coventry in his volume of Pepysiana, says : 
"He may be considered as the hero of its pages, for Pepys evidently held him 
in the most profound esteem, so that in a book where the characters of the 
actors are subjected to the most searching criticism, Coventry alone receives 


only praise, * * » (He) must have been far removed from the ordinary poU- 
tician of his time * * *. It was Sir William Coventry who was the original 
"trimmer," the man who said that he "would sit upright and not overturn the 

; boat by swaying on either side." * ♦ * He and his brother for a time led the 

House of Commons, and Bishop Burnet describes him as the best speaker there. 
* ♦ * It is said that he might have had any office he aspired to, but he turned 

,' a deaf ear to all overtures. * * * There is a singular fascination in Coventry's 

character, and he must ever be to the reader of the diary, after the writer him- 
self, the most interesting personality in the wonderful gallery of men and women 
there portrayed." 
Thomas, fifth Lord Coventry, and first Earl Coventry, was advanced by King 
William April 26, 1697, "to the title and dignity Earl of Coventry and Viscount 
Deerhurst with limitation of those titles to William (afterwards Fifth Earl), 
Thomas and Henry his brothers (and their issue male), grandsons of Walter 
Coventry before mentioned, younger brother to the First Lord" (Collin's Peer- 
age IV., 167). 

On male issue in the line of the Lord Keeper becoming extinct, the dignities 
eventually descended through the line of the third son of Thomas, born 1547 
(male issue of William, second son of the latter being extinct) namely : 

Walter Coventry, younger brother to Thomas Lord Coventry, Lord Keeper 
of the Great Seal in 1625, who had a son, 

Walter Coventry, married Anne Holcombe, of County Devon, and had four 
sons: Walter, died April 5, 1677; William, eventually fifth Earl of Coventry; 
Thomas, father of William of New York; and Henry, issue extinct 1753. 

William, fifth Earl of Coventry and Viscount Deerhurst, inherited the title Oct. 27, 
1719, on the failure of heirs male of the Lord Keeper's line. He was succeeded by 
George William, sixth Earl, March 18, 1750-1, who m. March 5, 1752, Maria, eldest 
dau. John Gunning, Esq., and sister to Elizabeth Duchess, of Hamilton and Argyle, 
both celebrated as the beautiful Gunning sisters. The honors are now enjoyed by: 
George William, tenth Earl, who succeeded on the death of his father. Their 
chief seat is at Croome — d'Abitot in Worcestershire. 

Thomas Coventry, of Greenwich, county Kent, Esq. (brother to William Co- 
ventry, fifth Earl Coventry), and son of Walter, the son of Walter, the youngest 
brother of Thomas Lord Coventry, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, 1625, died 
1751, will dated July 14, 1750, proved July i, 1752; recorded P. C. C. 149 Bettes- 
worth mentions "lands held of the Manor of Chalgrove, Roke and Berwick, county 
Oxon," bequeaths to daughter, Elizabeth, contents of his house at Greenwich "and 
whatsoever belongs to me" ; he was buried at Greenwich. He married (first) Mary, 
daughter and heir of John Green, of Millend, parish of Hambleton, county of 
Bucks, Esq., by whom he had : 

William Coventry, eldest son, b. April 10, 1715 (O. S.); of whom later; 

Thomas Coventry, second son, counsellor at law; director South Sea Company; M. P 
for Bridport, Dorset. He m. Margaret, dau. Thomas Savage, Elmly (Castle, Wor- 
cestershire, Esq.; 

Mary, ni. (first) Henry Barker, of Chiswick, in Middlesex, Esq., and (second) Philip 
Bearcroft, D. D., master of the Charter-house; 

Elizabeth, d. unm.; sole executrix of her father's will; 

Judith m. James Hawkins (W. C.'s will) ; 


Thomas Coventry married (second) Gratia Maria, who died December 17, 1726, 
aged 32. daughter of Rev. Thomas Brown, of Polston, County Wilts, by whom he 
had: " 

Rev. Francis Coventry, d. unm. ; 


George, m. , dau. William Kynafton. He was an officer in First Regiment Foot- 
guards, serving in America in 1761, when with others he petitioned the government of 
the province of New York for a grant of land in what was later Herkimer co. (Cal. 
Land Papers Prov. of N. Y.) ; mentioned in his father's will as his youngest son; 


Arabella, m. Torrent, and d. 1762; 

Thomas Coventry married (third) Jane, daughter of John Gratwick, county 
Sussex, Esq., by whom he had an only child: 


William Coventry, born April 10, 1715 (O. S.) was at St. Kitts (St. Christo- 
pher), West Indies (Cal. Hist. MSS. LXXXIX, 38), as early as August 28, 1739, 
when he married there Elizabeth Hart (born January 29, 1722 (O. S.), and died 
New York City, August 22, 1803. He later removed his family to New York 
and entered into the activities of the place as one of the principal merchants of 
the city (N. Y. Gazette, No. 569, December 24, 1753). 

He is mentioned in his father's will as "Gullielmus Franciscus Walterus Co- 
ventry," to whom he bequeaths "my silver cup cover and large salver which I 
promised him in my life time." He had apparently been a resident of New York 
for sometime prior to 1752, for in that year he sold his residence, fronting on 
Dock and Duke streets, to John Waddell, for £2500 (N. Y. Gazette, No. 428, also 
J. W.'s Inventory), still continuing his residence, however, at New York and pur- 
chasing May I, 1753, from estate of John Pintard, for £1400, a house and lot 
lying between the same streets (Liber 33, p. 523, of Deeds, New York City). 

He was foreman of the grand jury which met in 1754 to consider the disorders 
arising from a reduction in the value of copper currency (N. Y. Gazette, No. 573), 
adopted by the principal merchants of the city in the preceding year (N. Y. 
Gazette, No. 569). In addition to his interests as a merchant in New York he 
retained his interest at St. Christopher, for in 1755, after a prohibition on such 
commerce had been laid by the authorities as a means of preventing supplies from 
reaching the French, he petitions Gov. Hardy for special permission to clear for 
St. Christopher, a vessel already partly ladened before the restriction became effec- 
tive (Cal. Hist. MSS. N. Y. LXXXI, 146). He was apparently concerned in the 
measures taken to defend New York from the attacks of the French, for on 
August 6, 1755, a warrant was issued by Lieutenant-Governor DeLancey, author- 
izing John Cruger, mayor of the city of New York, William Coventry, Henry 
Cuylor, Jr., and Anthony Ten Eyck, merchants, to impress horses, men, sloops, 
pilots, provisions, etc., for the use of the troops (Cal. Hist. MSS. N. Y. LXXXIV, 
140). On August 22, 1757, he advertises: 

"A Parcell of muskets to be sold by wholesale or retail. Inquire of Wm. Coventry, Esq., 
in Dock Street." (Gaine's N. Y. Mercury, No. 262) 

He SO acceptably filled the offices of "Alderman from the Dock Ward," in 1756- 
57 and 1758, as to be presented with an eulogistic and appreciative address by the 
Freeman and Freeholders of his ward, on the occasion of his resignation prepara- 
tory to sailing for St. Christopher, which he did October 21, 1758 (Gaine's N. Y. 
Mercury, No. 324). Following the trip to St. Christopher, William Coventry 
apparently returned to New York, for on December 10, 1760, he is referred to as 
"William Coventry of New York, merchant, formerly of the Island of St. Chris- 


topher," in a deposition he then made regarding the character of Allen Popham, 
also a former resident of St. Christopher. He was in St. Christopher at the time 
of his death, which occurred April 25, 1774. 

William Coventry and Elizabeth (Hart) Coventry had issue (the following 
record, except as noted, being taken from a MSS. record of Coventry Genealogy 
in the hand of William Coventry H. Waddell, now among Waddell MSS. of 
P. H. W. S.) : 

Sarah, m. Capt. Christopher Miller, and left descendants Hving, New York City; __ 

Mary, b. July 15, 1743; of whom later; 

Elizabeth, b. 1750, bur. at Trinity Church, New York, Dec. 24, 1817 (Trinity Church 
Records) ; 

Ann, m. Richard Grant, and had issue — a daughter; Richard Grant, lieutenant in British 
navy, and Nathaniel Philip, a major in the E. I. Co. service, killed while attached to 
an embassy to Persia; 

William, d. inf.; 

William, Jr., d. inf.; 

John Hart, M. D., b. 1756. He was a physician in New York City, residing in 181 1 at 
99 Greenwich St. (N. Y. Directory). He served with ability in the general hospital 
in Peiina., during the Revolution, as certified to by Malachi Treat, Physician Gen- 
eral of Northern Dept. of Continental Army on the occasion when in 1794 he memorial- 
ized the government for land in recognition of his services. (Cal. Land Papers, N. Y., 
LVIL, p. 78). Purchased, July 25, 1794, from Trinity Church, New York, lot 23, on 
Greenwich St., for £1200 (Liber 50, p. 257, of Deeds, New York City). He d. unm. 
and was bur. at Trinity Church, New York, June 17, 1812 (Trinity Church Records) ; 

Susannah, following the death of her sister, Ann, above, she also m. Richard Grant; they 
resided in London, and had several daughters and a son named George. 

Mary Coventry, born July 15, 1743, married, January 24, 1770 (Daubeney 
Family Bible), by the Rev. Dr. Ogilvie, of Trinity Church, New York, license 
dated December 23, 17(39 (Mar. Licenses, Province New York), to Lloyd Dau- 
beney, of New York City, the son of Mr. Lloyd Daubeney and Dulcibella (Sax- 
bury) Daubeney, of Bristol, England. Mary Coventry, at the time of her mar- 
riage to Lloyd Daubeney, was the widow of James Calder, of New York, whom 
she had previously married April 7, 1763 (Trinity Church Records). 

At the time of her husband's death, which was between 1783 and 1786 (see 
Daubeney), she was left with three children aged probably seven to twelve. With 
no relatives of her husband's in America, and her own father having died at St. 
Christopher in 1774, she was much thrown upon her own resources, being left 
entirely without male kin except her young son and her only surviving brother, 
Dr. John Hart Coventry (see above). That her efforts and success in caring for 
her family were not unobserved by others is manifest by a letter to her from Judge 
William Cooper (father of J. Fenimore Cooper, and land agent for her family, 
see Daubeney), dated Cooperstown, New York, August 5, 1804, when he says: 

"You will be rewarded with a Competence in this world and hapiness in the next for 
your industry and tenderness to your Children, and I am not Mistaken, when I say that 
either of them in their turn will treat you in your old age with as much affection as you did 
your aged Mother." 

She died. New York City, 1813, at her residence in Wall street, and was buried 
in Trinity churchyard, October 8, 1813, where a recumbent stone bears this in- 
scription to the memory of three women, a mother, daughter, and granddaughter, 
who had died within a period of fifteen years (Trinity Church Records), namely: 

"In memory of Mary Daubeney. Elizabeth Coventry, and Charlotte Daubeney." 


(Elizabeth (Hart) Coventry, who married William Coventry; Mary (Coven- 
try) Daubeney, who married Lloyd Daubeney ; and Charlotte Coventry Daubeney, 
daughter of the foregoing, who died unmarried). 

Mary (Coventry) Daubeney and Lloyd Daubeney, of New York, had among 
others (see Daubeney), who all d. s. p.: 

Eliza Martin Daubeney, who married Captain Henry Waddell, of New York, 
and had issue (see Waddell) among others, who d. s. p. : 

William Coventry H. Waddell, of New York City. For many years and 
until a few years before his death in 1884 he was in correspondence with George 
William Coventry, ninth Earl of Coventry, and others of the family, who in many 
ways, and the head of the family in particular, have formally acknowledged and 
recorded the kinship which exists. William Coventry H. Waddell married Julia 
Anna Cobb and had issue, among others, 

S. Alice Waddell, who married George Washington Smith, of Morris county, 
New Jersey, and had issue (see Smith), of whom the eldest was: 

Philip H. Waddell Smith, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, who married Isabella 
Williamson MacLaren, and had : 

Alice Waddell; 
Coventry Waddell. 

Coventry Coat-of-Arms : Arms — Sable, a fess ermine, between three crescents, 
or. Crest — On a wreath, a garb, or, and thereon a cock perched, gules, comb, 
wattles and legs or. Motto — Candide et Constanter. 

(The Daubeney Line). 

Lloyd Daubeney, of Bristol, England, and New York City (1746-178?), the eld- 
est son of Mr. Lloyd Daubeney and Dulcibella Saxbury, of the former place, was 
the first of the line in America; he married Mary Coventry (q. v.), of New York 
City, and their daughter, Eliza Martin Daubeney (who married Henry Waddell), 
was the mother of William Coventry H. Waddell, of New York City (q. v.). The 
latter in the course of his continued correspondence with the Daubeney family in 
England, received in 1861 the following letter : 

"The Rectory, Feb. I9th/6i. 
Lydiard Tregoz 

Nr Swindon, Wilts 

■'Sir : Owing to your letter being misdirected it has been some time reaching me. It 
will afford me much pleasure in giving you the information you require respecting Mr. Lloyd 
Daubeney and I believe you could not have applied to any person more able than myself in 
tracing out his genealogy having in my possession the Pedigree of the Family granted by 
the Herald's Office from the time of the Norman Conquest, the first of the name having 
been Standard Bearer to William the Conqueror * * *. 

"Lloyd Daubeney was the only surviving son in 1768 of Mr. Lloyd Daubeney of Bristol, 
2nd son, baptised at St. Nicholas there 9th November 1718, buried at St. James in that city 
22 December 1754 Admon, granted i6th Jan. 1755. He married Ducibella (Dulcibella) Sax- 
bury daughter of Saxbury of Bristol at St. James Church 4th Feb. 1742. His father 

was George Daubeney eldest son, born Buckshaw Hill in the Parish of Holwell Somerset- 
shire, buried at St. James, Bristol 28 Feb. 1740. He married Jane Lloyd of Bristol * * *. 

"I have now given you the direct ancestry of Mr. Lloyd Daubeney who went to America, 
up to (the time of) William the Conqueror; the Mr. Lloyd Daubeney who was bom 9th 
November 1718 was a brother to my grandfather, Mr. Andrew Daubeney of Kings Square 
Bristol, England, 3rd son, who was baptised March 1719 died 12th April 1807, consequently 
brothers children. 

"I will only add that it has given me much pleasure to write you the particulars of one 


of the oldest, and formerly one of the most powerful and distinguished families in England. 
The family is still very large (numerous) wealthy, and holding high positions in the Church, 
Army and Law. That our two countries may always be united and prosperous is the fervent 
hope and desire of, "Giles Daubeney. 

"P. S.— The original Pedigree drawn up at the Herold's Office cost upwards of seven 
hundred pounds. Mr. Burke affirmed it to be at that time the most perfect one of any com- 
moner in England. The original Peerage is still dormant and could be claimed." 

The writer of the above, Rev. Giles Daubeney, of Lydiard Tregoz, Wiltshire, 
was born January 26, 1796, and was the son of Giles, of Circencester, born 1770, 
son of Andrew, of Bristol, baptized 1719, son of George, of Bristol, baptized 1687, 
&c. For himself and the line or family as a whole to which he refers, see Burke's 
"Commoners of Great Britain," London, 1838, also "Extinct and Dormant Peer- 
ages," also "Landed Gentry," 1906, in the latter of which in referring to "Dau- 
beney," Burke says: 

"This ancient and historical family was founded in England by Robert de Todenei, who 
came from Normandy, with the Conquerors. The family is represented on the Rolls of 
Battle Abbey and Magna Charta, and is one of the few who can trace descent in the male 
line to the time of the Conquest. It possesses documents of great antiquity. The pedigree 
has been authentically deduced from the documents and archives in the College of Arms and 
is registered therefrom." 

Fox-Davies, in his "Complete Guide to Heraldry," refers (p. 68) to these arms 
to illustrate one extreme of the possible differentiation between the great antiquity 
of some and the modern origin of other arms rightfully borne to-day. He also 
says (p. 147) : 

"Fusils (an heraldic term) occur in the historic arms of Daubeney, from which family 
Daubeney of Cote, near Bristol is descended, being one of the few families who have an 
undoubted male descent from a companion of William the Conqueror." 

A reproduction in colors of Daubeney arms, temp. Edward HL, is given in 
Plate n. of a recent article on "Heraldry" (Encyc. Brit, nth Ed.). 

Referring to the stated authorities for the fuller record, and mentioning the 
following of the line, on account of their connection with its origin or this descent, 
it will be noted that the earliest lineal male ancestor in England of the Daubeney 
line was therefore : 

Robert de Todenei, a Norman noble, standard bearer to William the Con- 
queror, and founder of Belvoir Castle, in Leicestershire, now one of the seats of 
the family of Manners, and enjoyed in the person of the present Duke of Rut- 
land ; he died seized of eighty lordships in various counties as enumerated in the 
Domesday Book. 

William de Albini, his son, assumed the name of "de Albini" (with the added 
designation "Brito," to commemorate his birth in Britain), which in his descend- 
ants about 1300 and thereafter took the present form of Daubeney. 

WiLLi.xM DE Albini, grandson of the above, was one of the twenty-five Barons, 
sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta (see any standard history of 
England, also "Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants," Phila- 
delphia, 1898, which shows lineal descent, though not in direct male line, from 
fourteen of the twenty-five sureties, including de Albini). 

Elias de Albini, or Daubeney, fifth in lineal male line, received a writ of 
summons to Parliament as a Baron, November 2, 1295, the descent of which title 
and honor being to heirs general, instead of to heirs male (the latter as in the case 
of letters patent). 


Giles, sixth Baron Daubeney (tenth in lineal male descent), was member of the Council 
of Henry VII., Master of the Mint, Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Governor of 
Calais, etc., created Lord Daubeney, March 12, 1545-6. Buried Westminster Abbey, 
the recumbent effigies of himself and wife on their tomb near the center of St. Paul's 
Chapel, Westminster Abbey, being one of the finest examples of the style of mortuary 
decoration of the period. His son, 

Henry Lord Daubeney, eleventh in lineal male descent, was created Earl of 
Bridgewater, July 19, 1538, but, leaving no sons at his death, his honors became 
extinct, except the Barony by writ of summons, to Elias, which fell into abey- 
ance in the line of his daughters, Cecile, Countess of Bath, and Anne, who 
married Alexander Buller, and is now dormant in the line of heirs general of 
Elias first Baron (see Burke's "Extinct and Dormant Peerage") namely: 

James Daubeney, through whom the present line descends (the second son of 
William, fifth Baron, and brother of Giles, sixth Baron, tenth in lineal male line 
from the standard bearer; he died October i, 1528 (Ex. 20 Henry VIII., No. 
158) ; for his royal descents see pedigree of Philip H. Waddell Smith, in Brown- 
ing's "Americans of Royal Descent," fourth and later editions; for his descent 
from fourteen of the Magna Charta Barons, see pedigree of P. H. W. S. in 
"Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants"). The record is more 
fully set forth with great perf ectness of genealogical detail, in direct unbroken male 
line from Robert de Todenei, the standard bearer, to (and beyond, to date) : 

George Daubeney, eldest son, eighteenth in direct male line from standard 
bearer, born Buckshaw Hill; parish of Holwell, Somersetshire, baptized July 5, 
1687. His will is dated February 27, 1730, proven May 23, 1741, and mentions 
his wife, Jane (Somerset House, London, P. C. C. Spurway, 121). He was 
buried at St. James Church, Bristol, February 28, 1740. He married, April 3, 
1712, Jane, daughter of John Lloyd, of Bristol; she was baptized December 26, 
1689, at St. James Church, Bristol (Parish Record) ; buried at St. James Church, 
Bristol, September 15, 1761 ; her will is dated December 11, 1760, and proven 
August 9, 1761 (Bristol P. C.) ; they had issue seven sons and four daughters of 
whom was : 

Lloyd Daubeney, of Bristol, second son, baptized November 9, 1718, at St. 
Nicholas Church, Bristol (Parish Record) ; married at St. James Church, Bristol, 
February 4, 1742-3 (Parish Record), to Dulcibella Saxbury, of Bristol (daughter 

of Saxbury and Dulcibella, daughter of John Lloyd preceding), who was 

born 1722. She is mentioned in the will of Jane Daubeney above as "Dulcibella, 
widow of my son Lloyd." He was buried at St. James, Bristol, December 22, 
1754, and letters of administration were granted to his wife Dulcibella (Saxbury) 
Daubeney, January 16, 1755 (Somerset House, London Adm. Bk. A. A. 1755). 
Their only surviving son in 1768 (see letter from Rev. Giles Daubeney, February 
19, 1861, quoted herein; see also "Landed Gentry," 1906 ed., which latter states 
that he "left issue"), was : 

Lloyd Daubeney (second of the name), of New York City, baptized Bristol, 
England, December 27, 1748 (the first of the name baptized July 6, 1747, and 
buried October 12, 1747) (Parish Record, St. James Church, Bristol), who came 
to America (see letter Rev. Giles Daubeney) not later than 1769, December 23 of 
which year he took out a marriage license (Mar. Licenses, Province New York), 
and was married in New York City, January 24, 1770, by Rev. Dr. Ogilvie, to Mary 
(Coventry) Calder, daughter of William Coventry and Elizabeth (Hart) Coven- 
try, and (see Coventry Family herein) widow of James Calder, of that place, she 
having married the latter in 1763 (Mar. Licenses, Province New York). Among 


the Waddell MSS. (q. v.) is a copy from a certified record made from the Dau- 
beney Bible in New York, April, 1817, by "Daniel McCormick, of the City of New 
York, Gentleman," who therein declares himself to have attended the wedding of 
Lloyd Daubeney and Mary Calder, and familiar with all material facts relating to 
the family during the preceding fifty-four years prior to the year 1817. From 
the same record is taken most of the following dates of births, baptisms and deaths 
in Lloyd Daubeney's family not otherwise credited. 

Further collateral evidence of the descent from Lloyd Daubeney, of Bristol, 
England, who was baptized there November 9, 1718, may be found in the given 
names used in the former's family. In the first place, Lloyd Daubeney, of New 
York, has the same name as his father, Lloyd Daubeney, of Bristol, whose given 
name is apparently derived from the family name of the latter's mother, Jane 
Lloyd. Secondly, the eldest and only son of Lloyd Daubeney, of New York, has 
both Lloyd and Saxbury as his given names, which were respectively the surnames 
of his great-grandmother, Jane (Lloyd) Daubeney, and his grandmother, Dulci- 
bella (Saxbury) Daubeney, wives of George Daubeney and Lloyd Daubeney re- 
spectively, both of Bristol. Thirdly, the names, both Lloyd and Saxbury, are 
given by Eliza Martin (Daubeney) Waddell, the daughter of Lloyd Daubeney, 
of New York, to one of her sons namely, Lloyd Saxbury Waddell. All of these 
names were given principally by as well as within the lifetime of those who must 
have been familiar with the facts as to the relationships in question. But the 
available evidence does not rest here, for in volume four of the transcripts of 
"American Loyalist MSS." in the Lenox Library, New York (copies from the 
London Audit Office records) there is an abstract record on pages 610-11, setting 
forth the following facts with reference to "Mr. Lloyd Daubeney, of New York," 
as of date May 22, 1783 : 

That he lived at New York at the time of the Rebellion, having gone then first 
to settle in 1770 (sic) ; carrying out with him a capital of about £2500; that in 
1770 he married a lady in New York; that his capital when the Rebellion broke 
out was about £3000; that he was obliged to leave New York in 1776, and left all 
his property there; that he removed to Brunswick, where he met with further 
losses upon the evacuation of that place, after which he removed to Philadelphia, 
and finally back to New York ; that he thinks he recovered at different times £500, 
so that his loss was £2000 (sic) ; that upon his coming over to England in May 1783 
he left his wife and three children in New York; that he is not in business here 
(England) ; that he is first cousin to Mr. Daubeney, Member for Bistol ; that there 
are no certificates as to the property loss, but that there is a certificate to Mr. Dau- 
beney's loyalty ; that he was in no business in England before he went into Amer- 
ica, as he was too young for it being under twenty-one ("American Loyalist," 
MSS., vol. 4, p. 610, Lenox Lib., New York). 

(The date of coming to America is evidently placed one year too early, for he 
took out a marriage hcense December 23, 1769. By "Brunswick" it is evident that 
New Brunswick, New Jersey, is meant, where one of his children was probably 
baptized. The relationship referred to is evidently to George Daubeney, Esq., 
M. P., of Redland ("Landed Gentry," 7th edition), son of George of Bristol, 
who married, August 30, 1741, the son of George, baptized July 5, 1687, the grand- 
father of Lloyd, of New York. The decision rendered by the Commissioners is 
recorded in the following words : 


"Decision £50 p Ann. It appeared to us that this Gentleman's Losses were not very 
considerable and that he went out from this Country not long before the troubles and that 
he is likewise a single man (sic) all which circumstances gives him no right to expect a 
larger allowance, however, as he says he is in want of present Support We think in propor- 
tion to other cases, it would be reasonable to allow him so£ a year" ("Am. Loyalist MSS." 
Vol. 4, p. 611). 

On October 5, 1772, Lloyd Daubeney and Mary, his wife, petitioned the Prov- 
ince of New York, on behalf of William Coventry Calder, infant son of said 
Mary, by her first husband, for a grant in trust of 3000 acres of land in the county 
of Charlotte, Province of New York, adjoining to the north bound of the township 
of Fincastle (Calendar Land Papers by XXXII). The reference here mispells the 
name as "Danberry," but the necessary correction will be apparent from an exam- 
ination of the original record at Albany or of the printed record of "Marriage 
Licenses issued by the Secretary of the Province of New York previous to 1784," 
wherein is recorded the fact that a license was issued December 23, 1769, to 
"Lloyd Daubeney and Mary Caulder." 

That Lloyd Daubeney was a Loyalist in his sentiments was perhaps not unnat- 
ural from his short residence in America prior to the outbreak of the war. It is 
interesting to note that the dates and places of baptism of his children (as below) 
agrees with the direct record of his absence from New York City, during the occu- 
pation of the Continental troops, and the return thereto on the coming of the 
British. The infrequent records made in those troublous times fail to record 
either whether he returned to America or as to the date of his death, but in a 
New York directory for 1786 we find No. 15 Wall street recorded as the home of 
his zvidozv, which indicates that he had died at least before that time. Further- 
more, his widow is recorded as the head of the family, in the United States Census 
return for 1790. 

The Calendar of Land Papers of the Province of New York, later records (Vol. 
XXXVIII, May 9, 1785) that " the claims of Mary Danberry (Daubeney) for 
3000 acres of land was advised to be granted her for services rendered by her late 
husband, James Calder," indicating that by this time her son, William Coventry 
Calder, was no longer living, and probably also evidencing, as may be inferred 
from other sources, that her second husband, Lloyd Daubeney, had also died, since 
the grant would hardly have been allowed with the latter living and the son, by 
the former marriage, dead. 

Her interest in New York State lands at various points later became so consid- 
erable as to require the services of a land agent or administrator, a position filled 
by Judge William Cooper, father of J. Fenimore Cooper, and the extant corre- 
spondence (Waddell MSS.) of the former of whom indicates that the relations 
between the families were far from being commercial ones only, but were intimate 
and friendly. 

In 1793 the Daubeney residence was still at No. 15 Wall street, but by 1809 the 
widow Daubeney was resident at 53 Wall street, which for many years had also 
been the residence of her son (see below) and son-in-law (Captain Henry Wad- 
dell), both shipmasters and owners, and both frequently out of port for long 
intervals accompanying their vessels. 

Lloyd Daubeney and Mary (Coventry) Daubeney had children: 

Capt. Lloyd Saxbury Daubeney, b. Aug. 12, 1771 ; bapt. Aug. 21, 1771. A mariner or 
ship-master during early and middle life, and admitted, Nov. 9, 1795, to membership 


No. 1338 of the Marine Society of New York, a certification of his active service as 
a mariner. His vessel, the "Melpomene," was one of the famous crafts of her day, 
and an extant letter from Judge William Cooper to Mary Coventry Daubeney inti- 
mates that some action of his mother had provided him with the vessel. Appointed 
Sept. 19, 1798, lieutenant U. S. N., and served on U. S. S. "Connecticut," Nov. 26, 
1800, until discharged June 8, 1801, under provisions of "Peace Establishment Act" 
(Navy Dept. Record). New York Directories from 1809 to 1818 record Capt. Dau- 
beney as "Lloyd Daubeney, No. 53 Wall Street, Ship-master." He married a Miss 
Titsford, a niece of Gov. John Jay, and removed to New Rochelle, N. Y. Capt. Dau- 
beney had no children; 

Elizabeth Ann Daubeney, b. Feb. 2, 1774, bapt. May 10, 1774, and d. May 22, 1774; 

Charlotte Coventry Daubeney, b. Nov. 25, 1776, bapt. Dec. 15, 1776, by Rev. Mr. Beach, 
of New Brunswick, d., unm., New York City, and bur. Trinity churchyard, Jan. i, 
1818, west end of south side, where a horizontal stone marks her grave; 

Eliza Martin Daubeney, b. Oct. 25, 1779; of whom later. 

Eliza Martin Daubeney, born October 25, 1779, and baptized November 10, 
1779, by Rev. Mr. Inglis, rector of Trinity Church. From at least as early as 1786 
until 1819 she resided in Wall street. During and following the period when New 
York City was the capital, in Washington's first administration, that street was the 
height of fashion as a place of residence ("New York City in 1789," Smith), and 
Eliza Martin Daubeney and her sister, Charlotte Coventry Daubeney were reputed- 
ly beautiful and charming, and the recipients of much attention on the part of 
many of the distinguished men of those and later times (Parton's "Jackson," vol. 
III., Qiap. XIX, also Barrett's "Old Merchants of New York"). After her mar- 
riage to Henry Waddell, on November 8, 1800, and in view of the latter's frequent 
enforced absence at sea, she continued to live at her mother's residence. No. 53 
Wall street, not only until after her mother's death in 1813, but until Captain 
W'addell's death in 1819, after which she removed to No. 50 Walker street, and 
later to reside with her son, William Coventry H. Waddell, at No. 145 Wooster 
street, and finally about 1830 with the latter to No. 27 Bond street, which at that 
time had become a most desirable residential center. 

She was a most devoted member of Trinity Church during her life, pew No. 19 
of which had long belonged to her family. She inherited an interest in lands in 
DeKalb, St. Lawrence county, also lands in Otsego county, New Y'ork, from her 
parents' estate, the mineral reservations of the former of which are still vested in 
her descendants. Eliza Martin (Daubeney) Waddell, died New York City, 1835, 
and was buried in the Waddell vault, Trinity churchyard. Letters of administra- 
tion on her estate were taken out by her son, William Coventry H. Waddell, June 

% 1835- 

Captain Henry Waddell, of New York City, and Eliza Martin (Daubeney) 
Waddell had issue, of whom the eldest was : 

William Coventry H. Waddell, of New York City, who married (first) 
Julia Anna Cobb, and had issue among others : 

S. Alice Waddell, of New York City, who married George Washington Smith, 
and had issue, of whom the eldest was : 

Philip H. Waddell Smith, who married Isabella Williamson MacLaren and 
had issue : 

AUce Waddell; 
Coventry Waddell. 

Daubeney Coat-of-Arms : Arms — Gules, four losenges conjoined in fess, 
argent. Crest — Two dragons wings displayed, argent. Motto — Ad finem fideles. 


The late Major George jMcCully Laughlin, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, traced 
his Revolutionary descent to two patriot officers, Captain Nathaniel Irish and 
Major George McCully. 

The ancestors of the Irish family of Pittsburgh, settled on the Island of Mont- 
serrat, one of the Leeward Islands of the West Indies before Nathaniel Irish 
emigrated to Pennsylvania. When Nathaniel Irish the elder came to Penn- 
sylvania early in the eighteenth century, he left behind him, on the island of 
Montserrat, a sister, Elizabeth Lee, who was the mother of three daughters, — 
Sarah, Elizabeth and Ann. He also mentioned in his will a nephew William 
Irish and a niece Sarah Irish. Nathaniel Irish, the ancestor of the Irish family 
of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, settled as a young man in Bucks, (now Northamp- 
ton) county, where he acquired a plantation on Saucon creek at its confluence 
with the Delaware river. Nathaniel Irish was born on the Island of Montserrat 
in the West Indies and died at Union Furnace, Hunterdon county. New Jersey, 
in 1748. He was commissioned a justice of the peace in Bucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1741. In 1743, he hired an African slave known as Joseph alias Bos- 
ton, who was brought from Montserrat to Durham Furnace, in what is now 
Northampton county, Pennsylvania, by his owner, after 1732. Nathaniel Irish 
married and had a son Nathaniel and a daughter Ann. Ann Irish inherited, un- 
der her father's will, a plantation called "Private Neck" on the west branch of the 
Delaware river, being part of his original survey at the mouth of the Saucon 
creek, which he reserved when he sold his plantation to George Crookshank. He 
also gave her five hundred pounds in money to be put out at interest until she 
was twenty years of age, also a negro woman called Martilla and her daughter, 
a girl called Betty. William Allen, chief justice of Pennsylvania, was her guar- 

Nathaniel Irish, son of Nathaniel Irish, of Saucon, Northampton county, 
Pennsylvania, and Union Furnace, Hunterdon county. New Jersey, was born at 
Saucon, May 8, 1737, and died at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, September 11, 1816. 
He was an earnest patriot in the American Revolution, and was commissioned 
February 7, 1777, captain of a company of artillery in the regiment of Colonel 
Benjamin Flower. He was in command of his company until December, 1780, 
when the regiment was reorganized. He was among the early settlers of Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, of which he was elected the first assistant burgess. Cap- 
tain Irish was twice married, his first wife, whom he married in 1758, was Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of John Thomas. She was born in 1735 and died in August, 
1790, near the mouth of Plum creek, Pitt township, Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania. His second wife was Mary. Issue, all by first wife: William Beek- 
ford Irish; Ann Irish, married Major George McCully; Mary Irish (Mrs. Smith). 

Major George McCully served in the Revolutionary War under General Wash- 
ington, and was an intimate friend of the great commander. He was one of 
the original members of the Society of the Cincinnati, a man of courage and 


high principle. After the treaty of peace was concluded with Great Britain, 
Major McCully was sent in command of a detachment of soldiers to Fort 
Duquesne to protect the settlers against attacks of the Indians. Afterwards he 
was appointed assistant commissary-general and intrusted with the duty of es- 
tablishing Fort Washington (Cincinnati). While in the performance of this 
duty, he was attacked with fever at the fort and died there, November 24, 1793, 
aged forty-one. He married Ann Irish, daughter of Captain Nathaniel and 
Elizabeth (Thomas) Irish and had issue. His daughter Eliza McCully became 
the wife of Boyle Irwin. 

The ancestors of the Irwin family of Western Pennsylvania, were originally 
from Ayre, Scotland. The tradition of this family is that his brothers emi- 
grated from that part of Scotland in 1690, and settled in Donoughmore, County 
Moneghan, Ireland. 

John Irwin, the youngest of three brothers who came from Ayre, Scotland, 
and settled in County Moneghan, Ireland, in 1690, is the ancestor of the Irwin 
families of Western Pennsylvania of whom Boyle Irwin and Captain John Irwin 
are the American progenitors. He participated in the historic Battle of the 
Boyne, in which William III, Prince of Orange, overthrew the forces of James 
II, and for his valor was knighted by his monarch and received a grant of a 
coat-of-arms as follows: Arms: Argent, a fesse, gules, between three holly 
leaves, vert. Crest : a gauntlet fessewise, issuing out of clouds, holding a thistle, 
all proper. Motto (beneath the arms) : Sub sole sub umbra vivesccns. Motto 
(over crest) : Nemo me impune laccssit. 

John Irwin, son of John of Donoughmore, County Moneghan, Ireland, and 
known as John Irwin of Donoughmore, was born in 1702 and died January 29, 
1776. He never left his native land. He was a man of upright life, favoring ed- 
ucation, liberty and progress. He was twice married. His first wife, Elizabeth, 
was born in 1698, and died February 9, 1748 or 1749. She bore him six children, 
the eldest of whom was James Irwin, of Mulloughmore, who was the father of 
Captain John Irwin, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His second wife was Mary 
Boyle, born 1728, died May 3, 1776. She bore him three sons and a daughter, 
the youngest of whom was Boyle Irwin, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

Boyle Irwin, youngest son of John and Mary (Boyle) Irwin was born in 
County Tyrone, Castle Wellbrook, Ireland, November 23, 1772. He entered 
Dublin college intending to complete a course of study and acquire a classical 
education, but was attracted to the new world before graduation. Locating 
at Pittsburgh he established a commission business in a building located on "the 
Diamond", which he conducted for many years with great success. He was 
enterprising and progressive, reaching out after things that were new, pros- 
pecting and developing the natural resources with which the state was sup- 
plied so abundantly. As an incident of his business worth recording, it may 
be mentioned that the contract for making the rigging for Commodore Perry's 
fleet was awarded to him and while the work was in progress his place was 
struck by lightning, set on fire and entirely destroyed. He bored the first salt 
well opened west of the Allegheny Mountains, in 1824. This well was located on 
Nine Mile Run and continued his property until his death. The products of 
his labor and enterprise were large, enabling him to accumulate a comfortable 
fortune which he administered honestly and justly to his own and the public 


good. To the last he was a busy man, directing his affairs wisely and equitably. 
At a ripe age he was "gathered to his fathers," loved by his family and intimate 
friends, esteemed by the public as a man of great moral worth, a Christian 
devoted to his church and cherishing the good wherever found. Politically, 
he was a Whig, later a Republican, from conviction, exerting his influence in 
a commendable way to promote the triumph of the principles advocated by 
the party and incidentally for the election of its candidates. He was not self 
seeking or ambitious for political honors, but his excellent character and good 
business ability commended him and the partiality of his fellow-citizens selected 
him for service in the Pittsburgh City Council. He was an exemplary member 
of the First Presbyterian Church of Pittsburgh, always standing for truth and 
righteousness in the daily affairs of life. He lives in the memory of old citizens, 
and the leaven of his influence for good has not ceased to be a blessing in the 
community. He died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 26, i860. Five grand- 
sons of Boyle Irwin fought in the War of the Rebelhon, viz: Major George 
McCully Laughlin, James A. Irwin, Charles Irwin, John McClure and Irwin 
McCully. Boyle Irwin married, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, April 21, 1803, 
Eliza McCully (b. 1786, d. July 26, 1867), daughter of Major George and 
Ann (Irish) McCully. The issue of this marriage: i. Mary Ann Irwin, 
born April 13, 1804, died January 27, 1885, married Rev. Joseph Painter, and 
had Boyle Irwin Painter, died in infancy; Ann Eliza Painter (Mrs. Olynthus 
J. Brown); Joseph Painter, never married; Mary Irwin Painter, she married 
John Gates, who for three years served in the Civil War as a drummer before 
he was sixteen years old. 2. A son, died in infancy. 3. Elizabeth W. Irwin, 
born March 24, 1807, died March 24, 1891. She married William Denny 
McClure and had issue : John McClure, married Mary Belle Orr ; Boyle Irwin 
McClure, married Julia Pardon Brooks ; Ann Eliza McClure, died unmarried ; 
George McClure married Charlotte C. S. D'Arcy; Agnes Toppin McClure; 
Caroline Irwin McClure ; William Denny McClure ; Ella ]\IcClure married Kerr 
J. Orr. 4. Sarah Irwin, born October 6, 1808, died September 26, 1874, married 
Robert Arthurs and had issue: Anne M. Arthurs; Margaret Given Arthurs; 
Jane Steel Arthurs ; Caroline Irwin Arthurs ; Isabella Arthurs married John 
E. Kuhn. 5. George W. Irwin, born August 3, 1810, died October 8, 1888, 
married Anna Ewalt and had issue : Charles Hays Irwin ; George McCully 
Irwin, married Louisa Graff ; Jennie Ewalt Irwin, married William Bell ; Boyle 
Irwin, married Nancy Hallowell ; Richard Ewalt Irwin, unmarried ; James Irwin : 
Harris Ewalt Irwin; Addison Mowry Irwin, married Carrie Dunlap Snanan. 
6. Ann McCully Irwin, born March 23, 1813, died November 6, 1891. She 
married James Laughlin. 

James Laughlin, one of the most prominent bankers and iron masters of 
Pittsburgh and for twenty years a member of the well-known firm of Jones & 
Laughlin (now Jones & Laughlin Steel Company), was born near Portaferry 
in the county of Down, Ireland, March i, 1807, and died at his home in 
Pittsburgh, December 18, 1882. His father, James, senior, was an intelligent 
and thrifty farmer. In the neighboring city of Belfast, James Laughlin received 
his education, after which he returned to his home to assist his father in the 
management of the estate. His mother died before his twenty-first year, and 
this bereavement had much to do in determining his father to consent to 


emigrate to America, where another son, Alexander, had been established for 
some years in Pittsburgh. The family property was sold, and James with his 
father and two sisters embarked for America. After a somewhat eventful 
passage they arrived at Baltimore, then proceeding to Pittsburgh, where James 
engaged with his brother Alexander in the provision business. The new firm 
was known as Alexander Laughlin & Company, and besides the main store 
at Pittsburgh, they established a branch at Evansville, Indiana, where they 
erected a pork packing establishment. The management of the Evansville 
branch was the special charge of James Laughlin, and to promote its interests 
he spent the greater part of every winter there. The journey from Pittsburgh 
to Evansville in those days was a matter of two weeks or more, depending 
on the weather, and was made by stage or horseback. The firm of Alexander 
Laughlin & Company was dissolved in 1835, but the business was continued 
by James Laughlin, who then placed the Evansville branch in charge of Samuel 
Orr, a fellow countryman and trusted friend. Some time after this Mr. Laugh- 
lin formed a partnership with Mr. Orr, to carry on a general merchandise and 
iron business in Evansville. The business was continued for about twenty 
years. Mr. Laughlin was largely interested in the organization of the Fifth 
Ward Savings Bank of Pittsburgh in 1852 and was elected its president. This 
institution was succeeded by the Pittsburgh Trust Company, organized under 
a state charter, July 12, 1852. Five years later this company, having sur- 
rendered its charter, was organized as an association with the same officers. 
It filed an application for a charter under the National Currency Act of April 
II, 1863, and on August 7, of the same year was incorporated as the First 
National Bank of Pittsburgh, Mr. Laughlin continuing in the presidency. At 
that time the idea of national banking was far from being popular, indeed, many 
of the best business men viewed it with distrust. It is therefore worthy of 
note that the application of the Pittsburgh Trust Company to the Secretary 
of the Treasury was the fifth in the order of those filed, and that this insti- 
tution was the first organized bank in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, that 
made application for a charter under the new federal banking system. In 
1855, Mr. Laughlin retired from the provision business and turned his attention 
to the manufacture of iron, which had been for some years the chief industry 
of Pittsburgh. He associated himself with Mr. Benjamin F. Jones in the firm 
of Jones & Laughlin, which took a leading position from the start. He brought 
into this new field of effort the same intelligent and strict attention to business 
which had characterized all his previous enterprises. In i860 was founded 
the firm of Laughlin & Company, which became the owner of the Eliza Blast 
Furnaces, Mr. Laughlin being the principal owner. Step by step the firm of 
Jones & Laughlin steadily arose and developed in the great iron industry and 
became, as the Jones & Laughlin Steel Company now is, one of the greatest 
commercial and industrial powers of the iron world. James Laughlin remained 
a member of the firm until his death, and since then the place has been filled 
by his sons and grandsons. He also remained president of the First National 
Bank of Pittsburgh until his death. In point of continuous service he was one of 
the oldest bank presidents in the State of Pennsylvania. His services to the public 
and to those whose financial interests received such loyal and safe attention at 
his hands can scarcely be overestimated. "We bear testimony", declared the 


directors of the bank at a special meeting held soon after his death "that in 
all our personal and business relations with Air. Laughlin extending in some 
instances over thirty years, we have found him a type of the successful Ameri- 
can banker, readily grasping opportunities, difficulties and dangers of extended 
financial operation; meeting all questions with extraordinary freedom from 
all personal bias or prejudice, keeping pace even in advancing years with the 
liberal progressive principles of finance and business, conciliatory and kind 
in personal intercourse, yet always just in business relations." 

Mr. Laughlin served a term as member of the Select Council of Pittsburgh, 
in which he represented "the old Fifth Ward", but he had no taste for politics 
and persistently refused to allow his name to be used in connection with any 
public office. His religious affiliations were with the First Presbyterian Church 
of Pittsburgh, of which he was one of the oldest members and most liberal 
supporters. He was also one of the founders and deeply interested in the 
Western Theological Seminary of Allegheny, and served as president of its 
board of trustees until his death. He was one of the incorporators of the 
Western Pennsylvania Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, located at Pitts- 
burgh, and one of its trustees from its foundation until his death. The higher 
education of women was a subject in which he took sincere interest and his 
views and wishes on the subject found cordial expression in the Pennsylvania 
Female College, of which he was the founder and first president, and to which 
he contributed liberally. Mr. Laughlin was always in full sympathy with those 
employed by him and as careful of their interests and feelings as though he 
were personally related to them. 

James Laughlin married, September 10, 1837, Ann McCully Irwin, born 
March 23, 1813, died November 8, 1891, sixth child of Boyle and Eliza (Mc- 
Cully) Irwin. The children of this marriage are: 

Henry Alexander Laughlin, eldest son of James and Ann McCully (Irwin) 
Laughlin, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, December 12, 1838. He is 
a graduate of Brown University, class of i860. In youth he displayed artistic 
talents of a high order and desired to make the study and execution of art 
his life work. Some of his paintings (all of which were executed before his 
twentieth birthday) indicate much natural ability. His father opposed his 
desire and insisted upon his following a business career. In 1861 he entered 
the firm of Jones & Laughlin (Limited) at the EHza Furnaces, and all of his 
business life has been devoted to the interests of this concern, which was the 
pioneer in mining the rich ores of Lake Superior and smelting them with 
Connellsville coke at Pittsburgh. Mr. Laughlin acted as general superintendent 
and chairman of Laughlin & Company until the business was absorbed by the 
Jones & Laughlin Steel Company. Since that time he has been closely identified 
with the marvelous growth of the iron and steel industries which have made 
the city of his birth the manufacturing center of the continent, and perhaps 
of the world, and is largely interested in the Pittsburgh and Lake Angeline Iron 
Mining Company of Michigan. Mr. Laughlin is a director of the Jones & 
Laughlin Steel Company. He is a member of the Duquesne Club of Pittsburgh 
and the New York Yacht Club of New York City. Through the services of 
his ancestors he holds membership in the Society of the Sons of the American 


Mr. Laughlin married, September lo, i860, Alice B. Denniston, who died 
in 1893. He married (second) Mary B. Reed. Issue of Henry Alexander and 
Alice B. (Denniston) Laughlin: i. James B. Laughlin, born August 20, 1864; 
he married, October 10, 1888, Clara B. Young, daughter of William W. Young, 
of Pittsburgh. He was educated at Pittsburgh and at Princeton in the class of 
'86, and began business life with Laughlin & Company and Jones & LaughUn, 
at the Eliza Furnaces. From 1900 to 1904 he was identified with the ore and 
coal interests of the Jones & Laughlin Steel Company, and since 1904 has 
been treasurer of that corporation. He is president of the Pittsburgh and Lake 
Angeline Iron Mining Company, vice-president of the Lake Superior and Ish- 
peming Railway, and is interested m many other corporations. He was general 
superintendent of the Eliza Furnaces, 1894 to 1900. He is a member of the 
Duquesne, Union, Pittsburgh and Allegheny Country Clubs of Pittsburgh; and 
of the Princeton Clubs of Philadelphia and New York. The issue of James 
B. and Clara B. (Young) Laughlin are two sons and a daughter: Leslie 
Irwin Laughlin, born April 25, 1890, now a student at Princeton University, 
class of 1912; Henry Alexander Laughlin (2), born March 18, 1892, student 
at St. Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire ; Alice Denniston Laughlin. 
2. Anne Irwin Laughlin, only daughter of Henry Alexander Laughlin. 3. 
Edward B. Laughlin, youngest son of Henry Alexander Laughlin, was bom 
November 6, 1870. He was educated at Shady Side Academy, Pittsburgh, 
Lawrenceville, New Jersey, Academy, and Princeton University, class of 1894. 
He also graduated from Princeton Theological Seminary, and entered the min- 
istry of the Presbyterian church in PJiiladelphia. He married May, daughter 
of Judge Wilson, of Philadelphia, and has a daughter, Ethel Laughlin. 

Irwin Boyle Laughlin, second son of James and Ann (Irwin) Laughlin, was 
born December 21, 1840, and died at Nice, France, April 9, 1871. He married, 
in 1870, Mary Bissell, and left a daughter, Mary Irwin Laughlin, who married, 
October 30, 1907, Frederick Houghton, of Boston, Massachusetts. 

The late George McCully Laughlin, the third son of James and Ann (Irwin) 
Laughlin, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, October 21, 1842, and died 
in Pittsburgh, December 11, 1908. He was married, November 16, 1865, to 
Isabel B. McKennan, daughter of Judge William McKennan, of Washington, 
Pennsylvania, of the United States Circuit Court, Ninth District. He was 
educated in private schools in Pittsburgh and in Washington and Jefiferson Col- 
lege. He was a member of the class that completed the course in 1863, but 
at the close of his junior year left college to enlist as a volunteer in the Union 
army. The call to patriotic service in preserving the honor and integrity of 
the nation, was, to him, a duty paramount to the pleasure and self-advantage 
of pursuing his studies and graduating with his class. He was mustered as a 
private, but immediately received from the governor a commission as second 
lieutenant of Company E, 155th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. This military 
service was begun in August, 1862, and continued without interruption, hon- 
orably and effectually, until the surrender of Lee and the close of the war. 
He participated in every engagement of the Army of the Potomac from Antietam 
to Appomattox. His courageous performance of every duty in the campaigns and 
marches of the Fifth Army Corps won for him deserved promotion until he 
attained the rank of captain of Company E, 155th Regiment, Pennsylvania 


Volunteers, and finally was brevetted major for "distinguished services" in 
the battle of Quaker Road, Virginia. His last year of service was on detached 
duty as member of the staff of Major General Charles Griffin, who was placed 
in command of the Fifth Army Corps by General Sheridan during the battle 
of Five Forks, and continued on staff duty to the close of the war. 

Through the fortune of war, Major Laughlin was destined to perform, in 
the campaigns of General Grant, conspicuous service in both the opening and 
closing of the series of battles that practically ended the rebellion. On the 
morning of May 5, 1864, when the Fifth Army Corps, commanded by General 
Warren, leading the advance of the Union army, penetrated "The Wilderness", 
several companies of the 155th Regiment, with details from other regiments, 
were ordered to serve on the advance line, and Captain Laughlin was assigned 
to the important duty of commanding this advance. These skirmishers were 
slowly pushing their way through the many obstructions in the dense woods, 
unable to see the enemy concealed in the thick foliage. Up to this time no 
shot had been fired by either side. Captain Laughlin, hearing noises from 
unseen troops, ordered the men in his command to fire in the direction of 
the noises to check the advance of the enemy. The orders were promptly 
obeyed, and when firing opened the enemy responded and the battle then opened 
all along the line, and continued with great fury and heavy losses on both 
sides during the entire day. The distinction of ordering the first shot in the 
opening of the sanguinary battle of "The Wilderness" was thus earned by 
Captain Laughlin. At Appomattox, April 9, 1765, the 155th Regiment was 
in advance of the Fifth Army Corps in pursuit of the retreating Confederate 
Army under Generals Longstreet and Gordon. In the midst of the severe fire 
from infantry and artillery at the final stand made by the enemy, a mounted 
Confederate courier, with a flag of truce, rode rapidly across the space be- 
tween the two armies, and reached that part of the skirmish line held by the 
155th, and explaining his commission, was conducted to General Grifiin, com- 
manding the Fifth Army Corps. General Grifiin directed Captain Laughlin, 
then serving on his staff", to ride out to the advance skirmish line, still under 
the enemy's fire, and order each regiment engaged to "cease firing". In dis- 
charging this hazardous duty. Captain Laughlin rode along the Union battle 
line under the continuous and severe fire of the Confederates, and, returning, 
reported to General Griffin, compliance with his orders. The Confederates 
not ceasing the heavy fire, the General at once ordered Captain Laughlin to 
return to the advance skirmish line and deliver to each command orders to 
"resume firing". These orders were delivered by Captain Laughlin and firing 
was at once resumed by the Union skirmishers and continued until the firing 
along the Confederate line ceased. Captain Laughlin was then dispatched to 
the battle line with General Griffin's final orders to all the regiments to "cease 
firing". No hostile shot was fired by either army after this last command had 
been delivered, and the peace at Appomattox was assured. It is thus a note- 
worthy fact, even amidst all the famous actions of a great war, that one indi- 
vidual should deliver the orders that opened and closed one of the greatest 
campaigns in history. General Griffin was one of the three commanders desig- 
nated by General Grant to arrange the details of the surrender of Lee's army, 
and Captain Laughlin accompanied him as personal aide, and was therefore 


witness of the meeting between Generals Grant and Lee at the McLean House 
at Appomattox, where the terms of surrender were agreed upon. Captain 
LaughHn was mustered out with his regiment at Harrisburg in June, 1865. 

Upon returning home immediately after the close of the war, he associated 
himself with the firm of Jones & Laughlin in the iron and steel industry, and 
into this field of effort he brought the same intelligent and strict attention to 
duty which had characterized his previous army experience. His active par- 
ticipation in the affairs of this concern continued for thirty-five years. His 
retirement as vice-chairman of the board in 1900, marking the beginnmg 01 <x 
period of comparative leisure, in which he indulged himself as the evening 
of life came on. For nearly two decades he was treasurer and vice-chairman 
of the old firm of Jones & Laughlin (Limited), retaining that position until the 
re-organization of the concern as the Jones & Laughlin Steel Company, when 
the active management of the affairs of the company were assumed by the 
second and third generations of the original founders. He remained, however, 
a director and member of the advisory board until his death. During all these 
years he was a power in the steel world, as the deaths of the founders, the 
late B. F. Jones and the late James Laughlin, threw the burden of the business 
on the second generation. Major Laughlin was also connected with some of the 
conspicuous financial organizations of Pittsburgh. He was one of the incorpora- 
tors of the Keystone National Bank of Pittsburgh, and a director from its begin- 
ning until his death. He also served the bank as president from 1899 until his 
death. He was one of the incorporators of the Pittsburgh Trust Company, and 
a director from its organization until his death. "We bear testimony", declared 
the directors of the Trust Company at a meeting soon after his death, "that 
the responsibility of office was not lightly esteemed by him, and when in the 
city and able to be there, he was never absent from his place on the board. 
His mental gifts enabled him to quickly and accurately understand a proposition 
and the clearness of vision and open-mindedness with which he thoroughly 
analyzed every question, made his conclusions convincing. In our intercourse 
with him we found not only an ideal banker, but a most genial friend. We 
knew him in times of financial ease and financial stress, as never rendered 
careless by the former nor dismayed by the latter. His judgment was disin- 
terested and sound, and we will miss his counsel more than language can 

He had the confidence and esteem of the leading citizens of all professions, 
industries and institutions of the city. In religion he was a Presbyterian, and 
had been a member of the Shady Side Presbyterian Church for forty years, 
and was at one time a trustee. In politics he was a staunch Republican. Major 
Laughlin was most liberal in his charities and benefactions, and both during 
his life and after his death, charitable organizations and hospitals, as well 
as the worthy poor, benefited greatly by his quiet and unostentatious gener- 
osity. His old alma mater, Washington and Jefferson College, which he left 
as a young man to go to the front as a soldier, especially benefited by his liberality, 
for he willed to this institution a fund without designation, which, however, 
the college authorities after his death saw fit to employ as an endowment 
fund for two professorships to bear his name and that of his wife. In recog- 
nition of his patriotic services and business ability, no less than for his scholar- 


ship and personal character, the trustees of Washington and Jefferson College 
conferred on him the degree of master of arts. 

Major Laughlin was a member of the Duquesne, Pittsburgh and Union Clubs, 
and of the Pittsburgh Golf Club. He had a membership in the National Arts 
Club of New York City, and was a member of the Manufacturers' Club of 
Philadelphia. He was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, of the 
Loyal Legion, and of the Sons of the Revolution. 

The issue of Major George McCully and Isabel B. (McKennan) Laughlin: 
I. William McKennan Laughlin, died in childhood. 2. Irwin Boyle Laughlin, 
born April 16, 1871 ; he was educated at St. Paul's School, Concord, New 
Hampshire, and at Yale University, from which he was graduated in the class 
of 1893. After two years spent in travel he entered the firm of Jones & Laughlin 
(Limited), finally becoming treasurer of the Jones & Laughlin Steel Company 
in 1900, an office which he filled until the fall of 1904, when he resigned to 
become secretary to the Hon. Lloyd C. Griscom, then minister to Japan. A 
year later he became second secretary of the American legation at Tokio, 
Japan, and in the following year was transferred to Bangkok, Siam, as consul 
general, remaining there for about eight months. He was then transferred 
to the American legation at Pekin, China, in the capacity of second secretary, 
and a few months later to the American embassy at St. Petersburg, Russia, 
with the same rank. In September, 1908, he was appointed secretary and 
charge d'affaires of the American legation at Athens, Greece. Mr. Laughlin 
is a member of the Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Golf and Allegheny Country Clubs of 
his native city and of the University Club of New York. 3. George M. 
Laughlin, Jr., was born February 25, 1873. He was educated at St. Paul's 
School, Concord, New Hampshire, and at Sheffield Scientific School of Yale 
University. After leaving that institution he entered the firm of Jones & 
Laughlin (Limited), and is now manager of the Soho mill of the Jones & 
Laughlin Steel Company. Mr. Laughlin is a member of the Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh 
Golf and Allegheny Country Clubs of Pittsburgh, and of the St. Anthony Club 
of New York. He married Henrietta Speer and has issue: George M. Laughlin 
(3); Catherine Speer Laughlin; Isabel McKennan Laughlin; John Speer 
Laughlin. 4. Thomas K. Laughlin, fourth son of Major George McCully 
Laughlin, was born March 16, 1875. He was educated at St. Paul's School, 
Concord, New Hampshire, and at Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University, 
from which he graduated in the class of 1897. Immediately thereafter he 
entered the firm of Jones & Laughlin (Limited), and is now a director and 
assistant treasurer of the Jones & Laughlin Steel Company, and a director 
of the Keystone National Bank of Pittsburgh. He is a member of the Pittsburgh. 
Pittsburgh Golf and Allegheny Country Clubs of Pittsburgh and of the St. An- 
thony Club of New York, and of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. 

Thomas K. Laughlin married, January 3, 1903, Lucy H. Herron, daughter of 
Hon. John W. Herron, of Cincinnati, and has issue: William K. Laughlin, born 
August 31, 1904, and Thomas Irwin Laughlin, born February 5, 1906. 5. The 
only daughter of Major George McCully Laughlin was Paulin Gertrude Laughlin, 
who died at the age of eight years. 

James Laughlin, Jr., youngest son of James and Ann (Irwin) Laughlin, 
was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 18, 1847. His early education was 


obtained in the private schools of Pittsburgh and Oakland, and at the 
Western University, which he entered in 1859, remaining two years. He 
then prepared for Princeton under James Newell, of Newell's Institute, entering 
that university in 1864, and was graduated in 1868. In the fall of that year 
he commenced his business career with Laughlin & Company at the Eliza 
Furnaces, being associated with his brother, Henry Alexander Laughlin, in 
the management of the company as secretary and treasurer. He has since 
continued to be actively engaged in the business of Laiughlin & Company and 
of Jones & Laughlin, being a director of the Jones & Laughlin Steel Company, 
into which the two above-named companies have been merged. He is also 
a director of the First National Bank of Pittsburgh and an alumnus trustee of 
Princeton University. He is a member of the Society of the Sons of the 
American Revolution and of the University, Duquesne, Pittsburgh and Alle- 
gheny Golf Clubs of Pittsburgh, and of the Union League, New York Yacht, 
Seawanhaka Yacht Clubs of New York, the Corinthian Yacht Club of Philadel- 
phia, and the Automobile Club of America. James Laughlin, Jr., married Febru- 
ary ID, 1870, Sidney, daughter of John Harding Page and Sidney (Ormsby) Page, 
of Pittsburgh. Issue of James, Jr. and Sidney (Page) Laughlin: 1. Martha 
Page Laughlin, married, 1904, Edgar R. Seeler, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
2. Leila Irwin Laughlin. 3. John Page Laughlin. 4. Henry Hughart Laughlin. 
5. James Laughlin. 

Benjamin Page, grandfather of Sidney Page Laughlin (Mrs. James Laughlin 
Jr.), was a distinguished United States naval ofificer born in Bunhill Row, 
London, England, December 6, 1792. He was a son of Benjamin Page by 
his first wife, Elizabeth Rankin. His parents removed from London to "New 
York City in 1797, where his father became a prominent shipping merchant 
and one of the first importers of English goods after the Revolution. Later 
he was one of the founders of the first successful flint-glass works in the 
United States, begun at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1808. Captain Page was 
appointed a midshipman in the United States Navy from New York on March 
26, 1800, when in his eighth year. He resigned July 7, 1803, and was reap- 
pointed December 17, 1810, promoted to lieutenant, April 27, 181 6, commissioned 
master commandant, March 15, 1836, to date from December 22, 1835; pro- 
moted captain, September 21, 1841, to date from September 8, 1841, and was 
placed on the reserved list, September 13, 1855. In 1832, when commanding 
the United States schooner "Boxer", Captain (then Lieutenant) Page visited 
Liberia to suppress piracy on the coast of Africa (for his report in relation 
to which see American State Papers, p. 179 sq-i vol. iv. Naval Aflfairs, Wash- 
ington, 1861). Captain Benjamin Page married Eliza McEvers Livingston, 
daughter of John R. Livingston, of New York, by his wife Eliza McEvers. 
Captain Page died in New York, April 17, 1858, and was buried in the John 
R. Livingston vault in Trinity churchyard. 

John Harding Page, eldest child of Benjamin Page and his second wife 
Martha Harding, was born at 162 Pearl street, New York, November 6, 1804. 
He was educated under the celebrated Dr. Alexander Campbell at Buffalo 
Seminary, now called Bethany, West Virginia. This school, to which so many 
of the best families of Pittsburgh sent their sons, attracted by the reputation of 
Dr. Campbell's father as a teacher in Pittsburgh, was incorporated as Bethany 


College in 1840. Much of Mr. Page's life was devoted to benevolent work, 
especially to improvement of the moral and spiritual conditions of prisoners in 
the jail, where he visited regularly, supplying the sick with needed attentions 
and comforts. He was for many years prominent as an active and devoted 
member of Christ Methodist Episcopal Church, then at Pennsylvania avenue 
and Eighth street, Pittsburgh. Being in comfortable circumstances by inheri- 
tance from both his father and father-in-law, Mr. Page early retired from 
active business life to his country seat. "The Jingle" (now in Pittsburgh, South 
5ide), where he died August 29, 1871. He was married, October 25, 1825, 
by the Rev. John H. Hopkins (rector of Trinity Episcopal Church, Pittsburgh, 
and afterwards Bishop of Vermont) at her father's country seat, "Homestead 
Farm", to Sidney Ormsby, daughter of Oliver Ormsby, of Pittsburgh. 

The only daughter of James Laughlin and Ann (Irwin) Laughlin was Eliza 
Irwin Laughlin, who married Major Duncan Clinch Phillips, now of Wash- 
ington, D. C. They have: James Laughlin Phillips and Duncan Phillips. 


John Kennedy, who came from Bangor, County Down, Ireland, in 1763, 
and settled in Kingston, New York, is the first of the family of whom we have 
absolute knowledge. He was born April 24, 1739. Owing to his being of the 
Scotch Presbyterian faith and having lived but a few miles from the Kennedys 
of Cultra, some have thought him related to that ancient family, who were 
doubtless connected with the Earls of Casselis in Scotland, in which the name 
John was given to the oldest son for seven or eight generations. Be that 
as it may, family tradition assures us that John Kennedy, the emigrant, was a 
man of ability, clear headed and kind hearted. Like the majority of those 
who came early to this country, he had a trade, being a tailor, an occupation he 
pursued after coming to America. In Kingston, New York, he married Mrs. 
Josiah Van Fleet, whose maiden name was Armstrong. There were several 
children born of her first marriage who settled in Galena, Ohio. The time 
and place of her death is unknown, but her husband long survived her. He 
settled in the Wyoming Valley in 1780, and died August 20, 1809, aged seventy 
years, and was buried in Plains township cemetery, Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 
vania. To John Kennedy and his wife were born five children, four of whom 
married into families who were in the Wyoming Valley previous to the 
massacre, several members of them being in that memorable conflict. Catherine 
married Cornelius Courtright; Elizabeth married Henry Stark; John married 
Sallie Abbott; and James married Nancy Armstrong; Thomas, whose line will 
be continued, married, in 1801, Elizabeth Schofield, born April 15, 1784, in 
Kingston, New York, a gentle little woman much beloved by her children, grand- 
children and great-grandchildren. She was descended from the Pinckneys of 
South Carolina, and in many respects was a remarkable woman. Left a widow 
at twenty- five years of age with five little children, she managed her affairs in 
such a manner that they grew to manhood and womanhood, a credit to their 
mother's training. She died, April 12, 1880, at the home of her son James 
Schofield, where she had long resided. 

The children of Thomas and Elizabeth (Schofield) Kennedy were: John, 
married Polly Campbell ; Sarah, married William H. Sherman ; Polly, married 
Crandall Wilcox ; Henry, married Julia Mills ; and James Schofield, born 
January 28, 1808, married, September 26, 1833, Pauline Jayne. 

James Schofield Kennedy early in life learned the carpenter trade, and 
was a contractor for several years. He afterward purchased a farm in 
Lackawanna township, now Taylor, and in connection with his farm did an 
extensive business in grain and flour, selling to the merchants all along the 
Valley from Pittston to Carbondale. He was justice of the peace from 1843 
to 1845. He sold his farm in Lackawanna just before coal was discovered, and 
moved to Hyde Park. In 1850 he opened a store in Providence in the old 
Arcade Building on North Main avenue, long occupied as an office by the 
Providence Water Company. Later he carried on business on Providence 


Square, being a partner in the firm of Kennedy & Osterhout. In 1854-56 he 
had a contract to build a section of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western 
railroad, then being constructed between New York and Scranton. He was 
active in public affairs, serving on the borough council and also on the school 
board. In 1865 he sold out his interest in the store to his son, William De Witt 
Kennedy, and retired from active business. He died March 7, 1885. 

Pauline Jayne, wife of James Schofield Kennedy, the daughter of Samuel 
and Elsie (Stephens) Jayne, was born December 13, 1815, and died May 16, 
1897. The Jaynes were descended from Henry de Jeanne, a professor in 
Oxford University. His son William, a student in the University, afterward 
married in England, name of wife not known. In 1652 he was chaplain in 
Cromwell's army. In 1670, his wife having died and the cause of Cromwell 
being no longer popular, he emigrated to America, settling in New Haven, 
Connecticut, leaving three grown sons in England. At that time he took the 
name of Jayne. In 1675 he married Annie Beigs, and soon after with thirteen 
or fifteen others crossed over to Long Island, purchased land of the Indians, 
and settled the town of Brookhaven. The graves of the first settlers are to 
be found there, and the old farm is still owned by one of the family. 
William and Annie (Beigs) Jayne were the parents of nine children. Their 
oldest son, William Jayne (2), married Elizabeth Woodhull, whose oldest son, 
William Jayne (3), married Tabitha Norton; they were the parents of Rev. 
David Jayne, born May 14, 1751, died March 9, 1837, who served in the War 
of the Revolution, and was afterward given a section of "Soldier Land," on 
Lake Cayuga. The wife of the Rev. David Jayne was Elizabeth DeWitt, born 
May 3, 1754, died February 15, 1825, whose father, Daniel DeWitt, also served 
in the Revolution. The son of the Rev. David Jayne was Samuel Jayne, born 
February 4, 1779, married Elsie Stephens, May 2, 1796, died at Factoryville, 
Pennsylvania, August 12, i860. 

The grandfather of Elsie (Stephens) Jayne was Eliphalet Stephens. He 
was a native of Massachusetts, although his military service is credited to New 
York, from which he enlisted, then his home. After the war he settled in 
the Wyoming valley, where he was a man of substance and importance. In 
the court house in Wilkes-Bar re, Pennsylvania, (book of deeds No. 3, page 46) 
it is recorded, "James Finn to Eliphalet Stephens (Stevens), land in Pittston 
township, on the Lackawanna river, and one-half interest in a Saw Mill May 
25, 1795 ; consideration 600 pounds sterling." Other deeds are recorded 
showing him to have been a large land owner. Eliphalet Stephens was born in 
Massachusetts, in 173 1, and died in Nicholson, Pennsylvania, in August, 1814. 
Early in life he removed to Connecticut, from thence to Dutchess county. New 
York; July 31, 1775, in Colonel Clinton's Third Regiment, New York 
Continental Line, Captain Jacob S. Bruyn's Company. He is described as a man 
five feet seven inches in height, light hair, fair complexion, age 44, occupation 
blacksmith. He married, in 1751, Elsie Holloway, who died at Nicholson, 
Pennsylvania, in April, 1820. Eliphalet had a son, Ebenezer Stephens, born in 
Goshen, New York, May 12, 1759. He was also in the Revolution, entering 
at the age of seventeen, and served during the entire seven years. He was a 
pensioner until his death, in Nicholson, Pennsylvania, November 15, 1839. He 
married, at Goshen, New York, May 16, 1780, Rachel Squirrel, born at Goshen, 


in 1758, and died at Nicholson, Pennsylvania, August 2, 1848. After the death 
of her husband, his widow, Rachel (Squirrel) Stephens, received the pension 
during her life time. They were the parents of Elsie Stephens, who married 
Samuel Jayne ; she was born May 15, 1780, died November 10, i860. 

James and Pauline (Jayne) Kennedy were the parents of thirteen children: 
Mary L., married James Hicks; Catherine H., married Rev. Lyman C. Floyd; 
John Jayne, married Mehitable Griffin, he died July 21, 1897; Sarah E., married 
(first) Isaac H. Heermans, (second) A. B. Crandall ; William De Witt, 
married Amelia M. Carter; James Thomas, married Angeline Carey; Julia A., 
married Rev. George Forsyth; Charles Henry, died September 11, 1806, 
unmarried; Nancy Elizabeth, died young; Adelaide May, married David F. 
Shook; Frank E., married Sylvia Davis; Clara Augusta, married George R. 
Clark, she died October 5, 1895 ; Helen, married William H. Stevens. 

William De Witt Kennedy, son of James Schofield Kennedy and Pauline 
(Jayne) Kennedy, was born in Lackawanna township, Luzerne county, Penn- 
sylvania, September 24, 1842. He was educated in the public schools of 
Scranton, and Eastman's Business College, Poughkeepsie, New York. Mr. 
Kennedy is a director of the Scranton Savings Bank and otherwise prominent 
in the business life of Scranton, Pennsylvania. He is a member and trustee 
of the Green Ridge Presbyterian Church. He is a member of the Pennsylvania 
.Society of the Sons of the Revolution on the records of Eliphalet and Ebenezer 
Stephens and Daniel DeWitt. He belongs to the Country Club and the New 
England Society. He served during the War of the Rebellion in the Thirtieth 
Pennsylvania Reserves, during the invasion of Pennsylvania by the Southern 
Army under General Robert E. Lee. During the last year of the war he was 
quartermaster's clerk in the Fiftieth New York Regiment (Engineer Corps). 
He is a member of Ezra Griffin Post, No. 139, Grand Army of the Republic. 

William De Witt Kennedy married Amelia Maria Carter, daughter of 
Pulaski Carter, February 11, 1868. Through her father, Mrs. Kennedy 
descends from sterling New England ancestry, notable for patriotism and high 
public spirit. 

The first of the Carter family of authentic record is Thomas Carter, black- 
smith, and Mary, his wife. They were married in England. Their names 
appear upon the church records of Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1636. Their 
children were Thomas, Joseph, Samuel, John, Mary and Hannah. The will of 
Thomas Carter recorded in 1652 shows that he was a man of considerable 
property. His wife, Mary, died in 1664, and her death is recorded as "Mary 
Carter, mother of the Carters in Town." Joseph Carter, second son of Thomas 

and Mary Carter, was a currier. His wife was named Susanna . 

He married in 1662, and moved to Woburn, Massachusetts, where he died, 
December 30, 1676. Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) and Susanna Carter, lived 
in Woburn, where he married Bethia Pearson, born September 15 , 1645, 
daughter of John, who came to Lynn in 1637, and left behind at the date of his 
death, May 29, 1706, three sons and three daughters. John, son of Joseph (2) 
and Bethia (Pearson) Carter, was born February 26, 1676. He moved to 
Canterbury, Connecticut, with his wife Mary about 1706. John (2), son of 
John (i) and Mary Carter, was born in Canterbury, Connecticut, February 24, 
1709. He married, April 13, 1731, Deborah, daughter of Ebenezer Bundy, son 


of John, who came to Plymouth in 1643, and they were the parents of nine 
children. John Carter died August 26, 1776, and Deborah, his wife, died 
March 9, 1755. Joseph, son of John (2) and Deborah (Bundy) Carter, born 
July 18, 1736, married, October 3, 1762, Patience Pellet, born June 12, 1739, 
daughter of Samuel and Margaret Pellet. The parents of Samuel Pellet were 
Thomas and Mary (Deane) Pellet, who married in Concord, Massachusetts, in 
1660. Joseph Carter served in the War of the Revolution as quartermaster in 
Colonel Gordon's regiment, and died August 15, 1796. Phineas Carter, son of 
Joseph and Patience (Pellet) Carter, born November 23, 1766, died November 
8. 1840, was a landed proprietor of Westminster, Connecticut, a man of strong 
character, strict integrity, and rigid in exacting observance of religious forms 
and ceremonies. His family discipline was of the stern "Old New England" 
type. He married Cynthia Butts, a lovely and gracious woman, born March 16, 
1773, and died May 19, 1814. 

She descended from a family prominent in the public and social colonial life 
of New England. Her father, Deacon Stephen Butts, of Westminster, 
Connecticut, born June 15, 1749, married, October 8, 1769, Lucy, born 
February 21, 1752, daughter of William Hibbard, who was not only a captain 
in the Colonial army, but was also in the War of the Revolution. When the 
British ships appeared before New London in 1778, he marched with a 
company of men to the relief of the endangered town. Stephen Butts was 
the son of Joseph and grandson of Samuel Butts, who married Sarah Maxfield, 
July 22, 1701. Samuel Butts was a man of note in his state. He was elected 
thirteen times to the Colonial Assembly from Canterbury, Connecticut, during 
the period from 1715-1729. Samuel was the son of Richard Butts, who married 
Deliverance Hoppin, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Hoppin, who came 
from England to Dorchester, IMassachusetts, in 1636. Phineas Carter died 
November 8, 1814. Their children were Lucy, Pamelia, Lucius, Polly, Stephen, 
Pliny, Cynthia, Cedocius and Pulaski. 

Pulaski Carter, youngest son of Phineas and Cynthia (Butts) Carter, was 
born in Westminster, Connecticut, June 23, 1813. He was an infant of nine 
months when his mother died. His father desired him to be a physician, but 
his tastes were decidedly for mechanics. He left home, going to Brooklyn, 
Connecticut, where he learned the trade of blacksmith. Among many interest- 
ing papers left by Mr. Carter, was one dating back to his Brooklyn days, 
a commission under date of May 9, 1839, ^s ensign of Seventh Company of the 
21 st Regiment of Infantry, Militia of Connecticut, taking rank April 8, prior, 
In an account book of April 15, same year, are the following entries: Cap, 
sword, belt, plume and epauletts, $21. His honorable discharge is also among 
his papers dated just before he left for Pennsylvania. From Brooklyn he 
went to the scythe-making shops of Captain Wheelock Thayer, at East Winsted, 
Connecticut. Captain Thayer, a man of ability and education, was much 
interested in his young apprentice, and continued that interest in after years, 
visiting him in his Pennsylvania home and writing him many valuable sugges- 
tions concerning his business affairs. 

After his father's death in 1840, Mr. Carter, then a young man of twenty- 
seven, visited Pennsylvania looking for a factory site, finally locating in 
Providence, now the First Ward of Scranton, Pennsylvania. In 1841 he began 


there the manufacture of scythes. In June, 1842, in company with Jerrison 
White, he purchased the Sager & White Axe Factory and added axes to his 
line of manufactures. He soon bought out his partner's interest, and in 1843 
took into partnership a boyhood friend, Henry Harrison Crane, but after a few 
years Mr. Crane, tiring of the responsibiHty of business, retired from the firm, 
but remained in the works in a responsible position for more than thirty years. 
Mr. Carter then assumed the entire ownership and management of the business, 
which he continued until his death, purchasing a thirty acre tract of land and 
erected buildings thereon that came to be known as "The Capouse Works." It 
was for years one of the most important industries of the Valley. 

When the Free School idea was first advanced, Mr. Carter was one of its 
warmest advocates and worked valiantly for its establishment. He was 
interested in all educational matters. For twenty-eight years he served a.'- 
director and treasurer of the Providence school board. In 1857, when the first 
graded school building was erected in Providence, the first one anywhere in 
the region, there was a large public celebration of the event. Mr. Carter was 
given great credit for the enterprise, a leading citizen alluding to him as "the 
corner stone" upon which the free school system had been founded. He was 
equally devoted to the cause of temperance, ever denouncing the evils of the 
drink habit, and opposing the granting of licenses. He was both feared and 
respected by the liquor dealers. He also worked to reclaim the drunkard, and 
won many a man back to a life of sobriety and usefulness. 

Pulaski Carter, son of Phineas and Cynthia (Butts) Carter, married (first), 
August 5, 1839, Susan Sophia Spaulding, of Abington, Connecticut, she died 
November i, 1841, leaving an infant daughter who bore her name. The child 
died in 1842. Mr. Carter married (second), August 7, 1843, Olive Ingalls, of 
Hampton, Connecticut, a double cousin of his first wife. She was born 
November 13, 1819, and died December 8, 1898. 

Her ancestry in America traces from Edmund Ingalls, a native of England, 
born in Lincolnshire, in 1598. He came to Salem, Massachusetts, in 1628, in 
Governor Endicott's company. In 1629 Edmund Ingalls and four others 
founded the settlement at Lynn, Massachusetts. In 1648, while traveling on 
horseback to Boston, he was drowned in the Saugus river, a defective bridge 
giving way under his horse causing the calamity. His wife Anne was his 
executrix. Henry Ingalls, son of Edmund, born 1629, was a land owner of 
Ipswich, and one of the first settlers of Andover, Massachusetts, where he 
bought land of the Indians, making payment in clothing and trinkets of personal 
adornment. He was a wealthy man for the times, and a leading citizen. He 
married Mary Osgood, daughter of John, who was Andover's first representa- 
tive to General Court. Henry Ingalls died February 8, 1718. Henry (2), son 
of Henry and Mary (Osgood) Ingalls, born December 8, 1656, died February 
8, 1698, like his father, was prominent in colonial affairs. He married, June 6, 
1688, Abigail, daughter of John, Jr., and Mary (Webster) Emery, of Newburj-, 
Jilassachusetts. Joseph, son of Henry (2), was born in Andover, Mass- 
achusetts, in 1(197, and married Phebe, born August 22, 1723, daughter of 
John Farnum : he descended from Ralph Farnum, Boston, Massachusetts, 1635. 
Joseph Ingalls died December 29. 1757. Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) and 
Phebe (Farnum) Ingalls, removed to Pomfret, Connecticut. He married 


Sarah, daughter of Paul and Elizabeth (Gray) Abbott. Joseph Ingalls (2) 
died October 18, 1790. Peter Ingalls, son of Joseph (2) and Sarah (Abbott) 
Ingalls, was born February 19, 1752, and died June 11, 1808. His grave and 
his father's are in Abington, Connecticut. Peter Ingalls' tombstone is inscribed 
"Capt. Peter Ingalls." He married Sarah Ashley, whose great-great-grand- 
father was Jonathan Ashley. He married Sarah, daughter of William Wads- 
worth, fifty-eight terms deputy to General Court from Hartford, Connecticut. 
Sarah Ashley was the daughter of Joseph and granddaughter of Ensign Samuel 
Ashley, who married Elizabeth Kingsbury. Her father, Deacon Joseph Kings- 
bury, married Love Ayers, of Haverhill, Massachusetts. He was lieutenant 
in the train band, and settled in Norwich, Connecticut. 

The homestead built by Peter Ingalls, at Elliott, Connecticut, is still standing 
and in the ownership of a descendant. Peter Ingalls had a son, Marvin, born 
November 6, 1787, died 1845. He served in the War of 1812. 

Marvin Ingalls married Amelia Spaulding, descended from Edward, who 
probably came to Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619. (See Hutton's "Emigrants to 
America," p. 176). In 1634 his name appears among the inhabitants of Brain- 
tree, ^Massachusetts. Amelia Spaulding, born September 8, 1789, died 
September 15, 1831, was the daughter of James Spaulding, who marched to 
Lexington under General Israel Putnam. James Spaulding, born October 9, 
1746, married Hannah Nefif, who was descended from Major Brian Pendleton 
(also a deputy-governor) and his son Captain James Pendleton, whose wife, 
Hannah Goodenow, descended from Captain Edmond Goodenow, deputy to 
General Court many times. James Spaulding was the son of Amos Spaulding, 
born March 12. 1716, married Hannah Cary, November 14, 1739, and diefl 
August 3, 1791, at Hampton, Connecticut. Hannah Cary, born 1720, died 1791, 
was the daughter of Joseph Cary (2) and the granddaughter of Joseph 
Cary (1), he being the son of John, of Bridgewater, in 1634. Joseph Cary ( i) 
was captain of the train band in Windham, and many times deputy to the 
General Court. He married Abigail Bushnell, daughter of Joseph Bushnell, 
whose wife was Mary Leifingwell, daughter of Lieutenant Thomas Leffingwell, 
of Hartford, Connecticut. At his death in 1724 his estate inventoried nearly 
ten thousand pounds. He was many years deputy to the General Court from 
Norwich, Connecticut. Thomas Leffingwell married Mary, daughter of Richard 
and Mary (j\Iarvin) Bushnell. Mary Marvin was the daughter of Matthew 
Marvin, whose name is on the Founders' Monument at Hartford, Connecticut. 
He was also deputy to General Court. 

Pulaski and Olive (Ingalls) Carter were the parents of three children, two 
sons and a daughter. Pulaski Pliny, second child of Pulaski and Olive (Ingalls) 
Carter, was born June 6, 1849 • he married, June 6, 1882, Venitia, daughter of 
Joseph M. and Phebe (Cole) White, a descendant of Thomas White, who was 
admitted freeman in Massachusetts colony in 1635. Marvin Phineas, youngest 
child of Pulaski and Olive (Ingalls) Carter, was born November 28, 1857; he 
married [Mary Pamelia Murphy, daughter of John Archibald and Mary 
(Spaulding) Murphy. Mrs. Murphy was descended from Thomas Carter and 
Edward Spaulding, and Mr. ]Murphy from the family of that name who were 
early in Massachusetts. 

Amelia Maria Carter (Mrs. William De Witt Kennedy) eldest child and 


only daughter of Pulaski and Olive (Ingalls) Carter, was born April 29, 1844. 
She was graduated from East Greenwich Seminary, East Greenwich, Rhode 
Island, with the class of 1865. For thirty years she was a member of the 
Providence Presbyterian Church, but since 1893 has been connected with the 
Green Ridge Presbyterian Church, which is situated in that part of Scranton 
where Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy now reside. 

Mrs. Kennedy is interested in many of the religious, philanthropic and social 
organizations of the city, as well as a member of several patriotic societies; has 
been on the board of managers of the Home for the Friendless since 1884, and 
been elected to various offices from secretary to president ; was a charter mem- 
ber of the Young Women's Christian Association, on the board of managers 
since its organization, and is now one of its vice-presidents. She is a member 
of the Woman's Club and also the Country Club of Scranton, the Wyoming 
Historical Society of Wilkes-Barre, is a Daughter of 1812 on the record of her 
grandfather, Marvin Ingalls, a member of the Wyoming Valley chapter, 
Daughters of the Revolution, on the records of Quartermaster Joseph Carter, 
Captain William Hibbard and Private James Spaulding, and member of the 
Pennsylvania Society of Colonial Dames on the records of Samuel Butts, 
Captain William Hibbard, William Wadsworth, Captain Joseph Gary and 
Lieutenant Thomas Leffingwell. 

Mr. and Mrs. William De Witt Kennedy are the parents of three sons and 
one daughter: 

1. William Pulaski, born October 30, 1869; graduated from the Scranton 
(Pennsylvania) high school, class of 1889. He is teller of the People's National 
Bank of Scranton, Pennsylvania. He married Georgina, daughter of George R. 
and Harriet (Westbrook) Kittle. She was graduated from the same high 
school class as her husband. They are the parents of two children : Olive 
Ingalls, born December 15, 1896, and Hilda De Witt, born June 14, 1901. 

2. Dr. Lucius Carter, born September 18, 1872, graduated from Scranton 
high school, class of 1889, School of Lackawanna, 1891, Princeton University, 
class of 1895, entered the medical department of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, graduating therefrom in 1898, now practicing his profession in Scranton, 

3. Katherine May, born November 11, 1875: graduated from the School of 
Lackawanna, class of 1895, afterward attending Miss Baldwin's School for 
Young Ladies at Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. She married Dr. William Anthony 
.Sherman, June 25, 1902, son of Albert K. and Mary (Barker) Sherman, of 
Newport, Rhode Island, descended from Philip Sherman, one of the eighteen 
persons who purchased the Island of Rhode Island from the Indians. Dr. 
Sherman was graduated from Harvard University in 1899, and from the 
medical department in 1902. William A. and Katherine May Sherman are the 
parents of one child, William Albert, born May 12, 1903. 

4. Harold Sherman, born November 28, 1884; graduated from Blair (New 
Jersey) Academy in 1905, later entered the law department of the LTniversity 
of Pennsylvania, and is preparing to enter the legal profession. 


Mrs. Hillman (Sallie Murfree Frazer) of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is a 
descendant through paternal and maternal lines from distinguished statesmen 
of colonial times and brave soldiers of Revolutionary fame. She obtains mem- 
bership in the Colonial Dames through her great grandfathers, William Murfree 
and Rev. Colonel Green Hill ; in the Daughters of the American Revolution 
through her great-grandfather. Colonel Hardy Murfree, the hero of Stony 
Point, where he led one of the assaulting parties; in the Daughters of 1812 
through her grandfather, Dr. James Frazer, a surgeon with General Jackson 
at New Orleans. She is eligible to the Huguenot Society of America through 
her maternal ancestor Jacques Maney, a French refugee from Meschers, 
France, and her great grandmother, Rachiel de Noailles, a French Huguenot, 
wife of Colonel Matthew Brickell. This ancestry covers a period of about two 
hundred and fifty years, dating from 1660, which is the date within a few years 
of the arrival in America of Jacques Maney, and about two hundred years 
from the settlement of the other lines of descent in North Carolina. The 
families noted in this paper are the Murfree, Hill, Maney and Brickell, from 
whom Mrs. Hillman descends in unbroken lines, and the Hillmans, her 
husband's family. 

The Murfree family is of English origin. William Murfree, born in 1730, 
died during the Revolutionary War. He was the American ancestor and founder 
of the family in North Carolina. The records show that the General Assembly 
of North Carolina, January 6, 1787, ratified "an act for establishing a town on 
the lands of William Murfree on Meherrin river in the county of Hertford, 
* * * and the town shall be called Murfreesborough." William donated a 
tract of ninety-seven acres of land for the town site. He had resided there 
for many years previous, and the stone house he built there is still standing. 
He was a man of high character and influence and took a decided stand in 
defense of the liberties of the country against royal authority. He represented 
Hertford county at the Hillsboro Convention, August 21, 1775, "to make 
preparations for a bloody and determined war." Here a committee was 
appointed calling upon the people to "Unite in defense of American liberty." 
(Colonial Records, vol. 10, p. 164). He was again delegate to the Provincial 
Congress held in Halifax, North Carolina, November 12, 1776, which framed 
the constitution of North Carolina. It is claimed by competent authorities that 
Mr. Murfree's draft of the constitution was the one finally adopted. In 1758- 
59, William Murfree represented Northampton county in the Colonial 
Assembly. When Hertford county was formed, from parts of three other 
counties, he was one of the two first members of the General Assembly from 
the new county. This was in 1762. He was the second colonial sherifif of Hert- 
ford county, 1766-70. He married Mary Moore, of Northampton county. 
North Carolina. They had children : Hardy, the Revolutionary officer, 
James, William, Sarah, Patty, Betty and Nancy. 


Hardy, son of William and Mary (]\Ioore) Murfree, was born in Hertford 
county, North Carolina, in 1752, and died in Williamson county, near Franklin, 
Tennessee, in 1809. He entered the Continental army as captain of the Second 
North Carolina regiment, was promoted to the rank of major and later to 
colonel, for gallant service. He was in command at some of the most bloody 
and decisive battles of the war. He was at the battles of Brandywine, Mon- 
mouth, Stony Point, King's Mountain and others. At Stony Point he was 
selected by General Wayne to lead the assault with his North Carolina patriots. 
For his heroic conduct, gallantry and soldierly daring on this occasion, General 
Wayne mentioned him in his letters, with great appreciation. He was also 
presented with a sword by his native state for his gallantry, which is now 
preserved in the State Historical Society, of Tennessee. He received a large 
grant of land for his military service, which he located in Tennessee, upon 
which was afterward built the town of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, one of the 
thriving cities of the state. For ten years after the war he served the state 
as commissioner of confiscated property in the Edenton district. In 1784 he was 
appointed one of the commissioners of Albemarle Sound. In 1789 he was a 
member of the convention called to consider whether North Carolina would 
join the Union. He was an able member of the convention. He was said to 
have been one of the handsomest men of his day. In 1790 he was the largest 
slave owner in his county. He worked his slaves in subduing the forests, culti- 
vating the soil and making tar, pitch and turpentine. In 1807 he settled on the 
lands received from the government, at Murfree's Fork of West Harpeth river, 
near the town of Franklin, Tennessee. He only lived two years after removing 
to Tennessee, dying in 1809. He was a prominent Free Mason and was buried 
on his estate with all the form and ceremony of the beautiful Masonic ritual. 
.\ tall marble shaft marks the spot where he lies. Colonel Murfree was said 
to have been the last survivor who commanded a regiment in the Revolutionary 
War. He married, February 17, 1780, Sally Rrickell, who was born July 29, 
1757, and died 1802, daughter of Colonel Matthew Brickell (see Brickell). 
They had issue — 

William Hardy, son of Colonel Hardy and Sally (Brickell) Murfree, was 
born in Hertford county, North Carolina, October 2, 1781, and died in Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, January 19, 1827. He graduated at the State University and 
studied law at Edenton, North Carolina. After obtaining his license he returned 
to his native town of Murfreesboro, North Carolina, and opened an office for 
the practice of his profession. He soon became prominent and popular. In 
1805 he represented the county in the House of Assembly. Again in 1812 he 
was a member of the House, and then for four years was a member of 
Congress from Edenton district, 1813-1817. He declined a third election. 
From 1805 to 1812 he was county attorney of Hertford county. In Congress 
he was an able and strong defender of President Madison's policy in the war 
with Great Britain. In addition to his legal and political duties he had the care 
of his vast estates, comprising all the belongings of the wealthy Southern 
planter of his day. In 1823 he removed to Tennessee to care for his large 
interests there, inherited from his father, Colonel Hardy Murfree. There he 
died in 1827. His wife was Elizabeth Maney, born October 28, 1787, married 
February 17, 1808, died July 13, 1826. (See Maney). Their children were: 


I. William L., profound scholar and lawyer, a graduate from the University 
of Nashville, Tennessee. He was an able writer and the author of several 
standard legal works. His daughter, Mary Noailles Murfree, is the "Charles 
Egbert Craddock" of fiction. 2. Sally Brickell, married David Dickenson, 
member of Congress from Tennessee for many years. 3. Elizabeth Maney 
(see forward). 

Elizabeth Maney, daughter of William H. and Elizabeth (Maney) Mur- 
free, was born near Franklin, Tennessee, July 13, 1826. She married 
November 2, 1848, Henry S. Frazer, born in Lebanon, Tennessee, March 19, 
1820, died in Nashville, Tennessee, July i, 1874. He descended from the 
Erasers of Scotland, and from an early and prominent North Carolina family. 
He was a lawyer and a cotton planter owning many slaves, none of which were 
ever sold. He employed them on his large estates in Tennessee and Mississippi. 
Later they were all freed by the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln. 
He was opposed to the war up to the very last, but when his state seceded he, 
true to his belief in "State Rights", went with her. He was a devoted Methodist 
and a cultured Christian gentleman. Children of Henry S. and Elizabeth 
Alaney (Murfree) Frazer were: A son, James S., born October 2, 1852, died 
in 1881, at the age of thirty-nine, he was a prominent lawyer of Nashville, 
Tennessee, and until his death law partner of Jacob M. Dickinson, the recently 
appointed (1909) Secretary of War in the cabinet of President Taft. The 
daughter was Sallie Murfree (Mrs. Hillman). 

Mrs. Henry S. F'razer (Elizabeth Maney Murfree), now in her eighty- 
second year, is a wonderfully active, bright and well-preserved woman. She 
keeps abreast of the times through constant reading of newspapers and choice 
literature of the day. Her keen insight and delight in political affairs is only 
equalled by her knowledge of public men and measures. She is an earnest 
member of the Methodist Church South, and at the home of her daughter, Mrs. 
Hillman, in Pittsburgh, is passing a serene and contented life after one of 
unusual activity and stirring incident. 

Sallie Murfree, only daughter of Henry S. and Elizabeth Alaney (Mur- 
free) Frazer, was born in Lebanon, Tennessee, November 16. 1849. She 
married, June 2, 1869, John Hartwell Hillman (see Hillman), great-grandson 
of Samuel Hillman, of Trenton, New Jersey. The children of this marriage who 
survive are : Elizabeth Sarah, John H., Jr., Ernest and James F. 

John Hartwell Hillman is a lineal descendant of Samuel Hillman, of Tren- 
ton, New Jersey, the "fighting Quaker" who was dismissed from the Trenton 
Meeting for joining the Continental army. He was an iron manufacturer but 
abandoned both his business and his creed to join the army. He served for 
seven years. His son Daniel went south, where he engaged in the manufacture 
of iron in Alabama. His son, again Daniel, continued in the business and 
founded the great "Hillman Iron Works." His sons also became iron masters, 
one of them, T. T. Hillman, becoming president of the Tennessee Coal and 
Iron Company. J. Hartwell Hillman, son of Daniel, is the head of J. Hillman 
& Sons, iron brokers, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The present is the fifth 
generation of the family to engage in the manufacture of iron and steel. 

Hon. Colonel and Rev. Green Hill, great-great-grandfather of Mrs. J. H. 
Hillman, was a Revolutionary patriot of the real Republican stamp. He united 


in his own person tiie threefold character of a patriot, philanthropist and a 
Christian minister. He was a native of North Carolina, born in Bute county 
("the county without a Tory"), November 3, 174.1. He filled several offices 
of trust and honor in his native state. He was a member of the Provincial 
Assembly, which met at New Berne, North Carolina, August 25, 1774. This 
meeting says Wheeler "was not a conflict of arms or force, but it was the first 
act of that great drama in which battles and blood formed only subordinate 
parts." Mr. Hill was again a member of the Provincial Congress held April 3, 
1775, at New Berne, North Carolina, and again met at Hillsboro, August 21, 1775, 
and on April 4, 1776, at Halifax. In these four congresses or assembhes he 
represented Bute county. At the latter congress measures were taken to resist 
the royal government, troops were raised, and officers appointed not only for 
the state at large, but for each county. Mr. Hill was appointed second major 
of the Third North Carolina Regiment and afterward promoted to a colonelcy. 
He was ever afterward known as Colonel Hill. He was assigned an 
important trust in the financial department of the new government, the issuing 
of script or currency, as the following shows : This note is still preserved 
in the family. 

"North Carolina Currency 

No. Si.x Dollars 

By Authority of Congress at 

Halifax, April 2, 1776. G. Hill." 

At what time he joined the Methodist church is not known. He was 
ordained deacon by Bishop Asbury, January 21, 1792, and elder by Bishop 
McKendree, October 4, 1813, at Reese's Chapel, near Franklin, Tennessee. 
Both parchments are preserved. He was a preacher or exhorter long before 
this, and as early as 1780 it is recorded that he visited the soldiers in camp and 
preached to them. Some ten or twelve years after the Revolution he removed 
from North Carolina to Tennessee and settled in Williamson county, neai 
Liberty Hill, a place of considerable importance at that time, being one of the 
first meeting houses erected by the Methodists of that part of Tennessee. He 
continued in the ministry until worn down by age and infirmity, dying in 1810 
at Liberty Hill, Tennessee, where he is buried. He was a son of William Hill, born 
in Virginia, and Grace (Bennett) Hill, born in North Carolina. Rev. Colonel 
Green Hill married Martha Thomas, and they had a daughter Martha, born in 
Bute county, North Carolina, in 1769, and died in Wilson county, Tennessee, 
in 1862, aged ninety-three years. Martha Hill married Jeremiah Brown, who 
was born in North Carolina and died in Tennessee. They had a daughter 
Hannah, who was born in Tennessee in 1802 and died in Lebanon, Tennessee, 
in 1885. Hannah Brown married, in 1818, Dr James Frazer, born in Medford 
county, Tennessee, and died in Wilson county, Tennessee, in 1832. They had 
a son, Henry S. Frazer, who married Elizabeth Maney Murfree, and they were 
the parents of Sallie Murfree Frazer (Mrs. J. Hartwell Hillman) (see 

The Maneys were among Hertford's most prominent families during the first 
fifty years of the republic. The records show that a village of France along 
the Gironde, named Meschers, was the home of two brothers, Jacques and Jean 
Maney, the latter being a sea captain known as Captain Maney. They fled 


from France to England and from there came to America and joined the 
"Narragansett Colony" in Rhode Island, in 1686. Jacques married Anne, 
daughter of Francois Vincent, both of them being members of the French 
Huguenot church in New York in 1692. Jean Maney married Jeanne, eldest 
daughter of Jean Machet, prior to 1696, and was a member of the same church. 
(See "Huguenot Emigration to America," and records of French Church in 
New York City). Jacques and Anne (Vincent) Maney had a son James who 
went to Virginia, from thence to North Carolina, where in 171 1 he settled on 
land along the Chowan river, near the present Maney's Ferry. He became a 
large land owner and influential man. He established Maney's Ferry, which 
is spoken of in colonial records as one of the King's place for landing his army 
stores. James Maney was a major in His Majesty's militia in Northampton county, 
and also a justice of the peace as far back as 1744. He died in 1754 (see 
tCol. Rec. vol. 5, p. 163). He married his cousin Elizabeth Maney, daughter of 
Jean Maney. They bought a large tract of land along the Chowan river, to 
which the deeds were recorded in 1714. They had a son James, who married 
Susanna Ballard. Their son James married Elizabeth Baker, daughter of 
General Lawrence Baker, of Hertford county. North Carolina. They left six 
children, among them being James, who married Mary Roberts. They had five 
children, among them being EHzabeth Maney, who married William H. Mur- 
free (see Murfree HI). Their daughter Elizabeth Maney Murfree married 
Henry S. Frazer, and they were the parents of Sallie Murfree Frazer (Mrs. 
J. H. Hillman) (see Murfree). 

The American ancestor of the North Carolina Brickells was Rev. Matthias 
Brickell, of Bertie county. North Carolina, who was born in England and died 
in North Carolina in 1858. He came to America in 1724 in company with his 
brother. Dr. John, on the same ship that brought the royal governor, Burrington. 
He was the first resident preacher west of Chowan river in North Carolina. 
He entered upon the mission in 1730. He left a son Matthew, who was a 
prominent Revolutionary and civil ofiicer. He was born March 23, 1725, and 
died October 17, 1788. He was a delegate to the Hillsboro Convention of 
August 21, 1775, and to the Halifax Convention of April 4, 1776. He was 
appointed lieutenant-colonel of North Carolina Continentals by the latter body. 
He was the first high sheriflf of Hertford county, 1762-66. preceding William 
Murfree, who was in office, 1766-70. He was appointed in 1778 by the General 
Assembly a justice of the peace for Hertford county, and after the War of the 
Revolution was ended, was chairman of the old county court. He was a man of 
liberal education and one of Hertford's most valued citizens. Colonel Matthew 
Brickell married, November 6, 1748, Rachiel de Noailles, of a French Huguenot 
family, born January 13, 1728, and died February 17, 1770. Among the 
children of this marriage was Sally, born July 29, 1757, died in 1802, who 
became the wife of Colonel Hardy Murfree, the distinguished patriot officer, 
and they were the great-grandparents of Sallie Murfree Frazer (Mrs. J. Hart- 
well Hillman). (See Murfree). 


Earl Bill Putnam, of the Philadelphia Bar, comes of the old New Eng- 
land family of Putnam, many representatives of which have distinguished 
themselves in the various walks of life. 

John Putnam, son of Nichola* and Margaret (Goodspeed) Putnam, baptized 
at Wingrave, Bucks, January 17, 1579-80, the founder of the family in America, 
came from Aston Abbots, County Bucks, England, about 1640, and settled at 
Salem, Massachusetts, where he received a grant of land. In 1647 he was 
admitted a member of the First Church at Salem. He died at Salem, December 
30, 1662, aged about eighty years. He married in England, Priscilla, whose 
maiden name is thought to have been Deacon. 

Lieutenant Thomas Putnam, third child and eldest son of John and Pris- 
cilla Putnam, was baptized at Aston Abbots, England, March 7, 1614-15, and 
accompanied his parents to New England. He resided for some years at 
Lynn, Massachusetts, and became one of the selectmen of that town in 1643, 
and two years later was appointed one of its magistrates "to end small causes". 
Subsequently he removed to Salem, and established a residence on his plantation 
in that part of the town then known as Salem Village, now Dan vers. In 1662 
he was commissioned lieutenant in the Essex County Troop of Horse. In 1672 
the General Court of Massachusetts organized Salem Village into a separate 
parish, and appointed Lieutenant Putnam at the head of the committee to 
perfect such organization and "carry on the affairs of the parish". A few 
years later he was chosen deacon of the church of the parish. He was the 
wealthiest and most prominent citizen in the village. His residence in later 
years became the home of General Israel Putnam, of Revolutionary fame. It 
is still standing, and is known as the "General Israel Putnam House". Lieu- 
tenant Putnam died at Danvers, May 5, 1686. He married (first) at Lynn, 
October 7, 1643, Ann, daughter of Edward Holyoke, by his wife Prudence, a 
daughter of Reverend John Stockton, of Kinholt, England. Mr. Holyoke 
founded one of the most prominent families in the early history of Massa- 
chusetts. He served many years in the General Court of that colony, while 
his grandson. Reverend Edward Holyoke, became president of Harvard College 
in 1737, and held this position thirty-two years. Mrs. Ann (Holyoke) Putnam 
died September i, 1665, and Lieutenant Putnam married as second wife, Novem- 
ber 14, 1666, Mary, widow of Nicholas Veren, a wealthy merchant of Salem. 
She died March 16, 1694-95. 

Deacon Edward Putnam, son of Lieutenant Thomas and Ann (Holyoke) 
Putnam, was born at Danvers, Massachusetts, July 4, 1654, and died there March 
10, 1747. He was many years a deacon of the First Church in Danvers, and 
was one of the leading citizens of the town. He is known as the first historian 
of the Putnam family. His brother. Lieutenant Joseph Putnam, was the father 
of General Israel Putnam. Deacon Putnam married, June 14, 1681, Mary 


Isaac Putnam, ninth child of Deacon Edward and Mary (Hohen) Putnam, 
was born at Salem Village, March 14, 1698-99, and died at Sutton, Massachu- 
setts, in 1757. He lived the greater part of his life in Topsfield, Massachu- 
setts. He married, December 20, 1720, Ann, daughter of Jonathan and Susanna 
(Trask) Fuller; great-granddaughter of Lieutenant Thomas Fuller, a founder 
of Woburn, Massachusetts, and of Captain William Trask, one of the first 
settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony, and a commander, under Governor Endi- 
cott in 1637, in the expedition against the Pequot Indians, receiving from 
Massachusetts a large grant of land in recognition of his military services. 

Nathan Putnam, son of Isaac and Ann (Fuller) Putnam, was born at 
Danvers, October 24, 1730, and died at Sutton, August 6, 1813 ; was many 
years a local magistrate and known as "Esquire Putnam". He was a manu- 
facturer of scythes in the active years of his life. He married, August 2, 1752, 
Betsey, daughter of James Buffington, who was born at Salem, February 28, 
1734, and died at Sutton, August 26, 1810. 

MiCAH Putnam, son of Nathan and Betsey (Buffington) Putnam, was born 
at Sutton, April 8, 1754, and married. May 26, 1774, Anna, daughter of Nathan- 
iel and Jane (Dwight) Carriel. Mr. Putnam resided for a time at Grafton, 
Massachusetts, from whence he removed to Oneida county, New York, and 
settled there in the town of Paris, now Marshall. Mrs. Putnam died at Paris, 
August 24, 1794. 

Nathaniel Putnam, son of Micah and Anna (Carriel) Putnam, was born at 
Grafton, Massachusetts, May 7, 1786, and removed with his parents to Oneida 
county, New York; later removing to Waterville, in the same county, where 
he died March 6, 1876. He married at Paris, now IMarshall, July 18, 181 1, 
Betsey, daughter of James and Thankful (Tower) Wheeler, of Berkshire, Tioga 
county, New York, formerly of Worcester county, Massachusetts. She was 
born at Rutland, in the latter state, September 3, 1786, and died at Waterville, 
New York, May 20, 1871. 

George Putnam, second child and only son of Nathaniel and Betsey 
(Wheeler) Putnam, was born at Berkshire, New York, July 2, 1814, and 
spent practically his whole life in Waterville, New York, where he was an 
active and influential citizen, and where he died February 21, 1891. He mar- 
ried at Vernon, New York, July 23, 1841, Sarah Maria Bill, who was born at 
Remsen, New York, August 12, 1818, and was a daughter of Dr. Earl Bill 
by his wife Sarah Jackson, both natives of Connecticut. 

Mrs. Putnam's father. Dr. Bill, was graduated at the Berkshire Medical 
School, and entered upon the practice of medicine at Steuben, Oneida county. 
New York, successfully engaging in the work of his profession until the 
age of eighty-six years, when he took up his residence with his son, General 
Horace Newton Bill, in Cleveland, Ohio, and here died, May 16, 1864, aged 
ninety-four years. Dr. Bill was a son of Oliver and Martha (Skinner) Bill; 
grandson of Lieutenant James Bill, an officer in the Colonial Militia of Con- 
necticut ; great-grandson of John and Mercy (Fowler) Bill, and great-great- 
grandson of Philip Bill, a volunteer in the Connecticut troops in service in King 
Philip's War, and whose family, after his death, received from Connecticut 
a grant of land in consideration of his service in that war. Philip Bill resided 


in Boston, Massachusetts, as early as 1660, but established his permanent home, 
some years later, in what is now Groton, Connecticut. 

Mercy Fowler (great-grandmother of Dr. Earl Bill), was a daughter of 
Captain William Fowler, an eminent citizen of Connecticut, who served as 
a member of the first Council of War in that colony, which was formed in 
1673 upon the capture of New York by the Dutch; and was a granddaughter 
of Lieutenant William Fowler, a member of the Governor's Council for the Col- 
ony of New Haven, and was also the granddaughter of Edward Tapp, who like- 
wise served in the Governor's Council. 

Earl Bill Putnam, the subject of this sketch, a son of George Putnam, of 
Waterville, New York, by his wife Sarah Maria Bill, was born at Waterville, 
December 31, 1855. He prepared for college at Phillips Exeter Academy, and 
entered Harvard University in 1875, from which he was graduated with the 
degree of bachelor of arts in the class of 1879, being the thirty-sixth of his 
surname to enjoy that honor. Choosing the legal profession, he was admitted 
to the New York State Bar in 1882, and located at Rochester, New York, 
where he practiced his profession until 1895, when he removed to Phila- 
delphia, where he has since resided. He is a member of the Law Association 
of Philadelphia, the American Academy of Political and Social Science, the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Sons of American Revolution, New York; 
Sons of Revolution, Pennsylvania ; New England Society, the Colonial Society 
of Pennsylvania, the Rittermouse, University, Art, Country, Merion Cricket 
and Philobiblion clubs of Philadelphia; the Harvard Club of New York, Fort 
Schuyler Club of Utica, New York, and Waterville (New York) Golf Club. 

Earl Bill Putnam married, October 17, 1882, Grace Williams Tower, daugh- 
ter of the late Charlemagne Tower, Esq., of Philadelphia, by his wife Amelia 
Malvina Bartle. Mrs. Putnam is a descendant of John Tower, who came to 
America in 1647 ^"d settled at Hingham, Massachusetts; and also of John 
Alden, Richard Warren and William Mullins, three of the "Pilgrim Fathers," 
who were passengers on the "Mayflower," 1620. 

Earl Bill and Grace Williams (Tower) Putnam had issue, seven children, 
viz.: Amelia Tower Putnam, born August 26, 1883; Grace Tower Putnam, born 
May 5, 1886; Charlemagne Tower Putnam, born February 16, 1888, died 
February 17, 1889; Earl Bill Putnam, Jr., born February i, 1890; Sarah Eliza- 
beth Putnam, born July 9, 1892; Alfred Putnam, born January 9, 1895; Kath- 
arine Putnam, born August 4, 1898. 


Roland Curtin, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was born at 
Dysert, County Clare, Ireland, in 1764, and came of a long line of Irish ancestors, 
who had resided in County Clare. He was a son of Austin Curtin, and was 
sent by his father to an Irish college at Paris, France, where he was a student 
in 1797, during the second "Reign of Terror", and becoming embroiled in the 
struggle between the Directory and the monarchical portion of the National 
Council, narrowly escaped the guillotine. Forced to flee the country, he took 
passage for America, and landed in Philadelphia, where he remained for some 
time and then made his way to Centre county, Pennsylvania, locating first at 
Phillipsburg and later at Alilesburg, where he engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness in 1803. He took an active part in political affairs and was elected sheriff 
of Centre county in October, 1806. He became interested in the development 
of the iron deposits of that section, and in 1810, in connection with one Moses 
Boggs, erected a forge at what was afterwards known as the Eagle Iron Works, 
Centre county. He became sole owner of the forge in 1815, and in 1818 
erected the Eagle Furnace, and other iron works. In 1825, he purchased the 
Antes grist and saw mills near what became Curtin Station, on the Bald Eagle 
Valley Railroad, and in 1830 erected a rolling mill there. He became identified 
with all the public improvements of his county, and was one of the leading 
manufacturers of that section for a period of forty years. He removed to 
Bellefonte shortly before his death. 

He married (first), November 25, 1800, Margery Gregg, born in 1776, died 
January 15, 1813, daughter of John Gregg, a soldier in the Revolutionary War; 
and (second), in 1814, Jean Gregg, born February 17, 1791, died Alarch 14, 1854, 
daughter of the Hon. Andrew Gregg, and first cousin to his first wife. The 
ancestry of the two wives of Roland Curtin is as follows: 

David Gregg, great-grandfather of Hon. Andrew Gregg, was a native of 
Argyleshire, Scotland, and among the Scotch Protestants who sought an asylum 
from religious persecution in the north of Ireland. He was one of the Protes- 
tants of the North, within the walls of Londonderry, who defended themselves 
against the assaults of the army of James II, from April to August, 1690, and 
was a captain in the army of William III. 

John Gregg, son of David, resided at Bally-Arnatt, County Londonderry, 
Ireland, where his four children, John, David, Andrew and Rachel, were born 
and reared. John, the eldest son, inherited his father's estates and remained 
in Londonderry, carried on a large mercantile and shipping trade in which he 
associated with him a son, Andrew, who on a business trip to America, shortly 
prior to the Revolutionary War, sought an interview with his cousin, the Hon. 
Andrew Gregg, then a student at Newark, Delaware. Another son, William, 
came to Pennsylvania and settled among his compatriots at Paxtang, Lancaster 
county, where he died in 1744, leaving his estate to his uncle Andrew, and a 
sister in Ireland. 

856 CURT IN 

David and Andrew Gregg, with their wives, their sister Rachel, and her 
husband, Solomon Walker, came to America in the same vessel, about the 
year 1722. Landing at Boston, they made their way to the Scotch-Irish set- 
tlement in Londonderry, New Hampshire, where David settled and spent the 
remainder of his days, rearing a large family, some of whom and their de- 
scendants achieved eminence in the business, professional and political life 
of that and other sections of the United States. 

Andrew Gregg and his brother-in-law, Solomon Walker, not being pleased 
with New Hampshire, returned to Boston and sailed for New Castle, where 
they arrived in the autumn of 1725. They spent the winter at a furnace belong- 
ing to Sir William Keith, Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, on Christiana 
creek, near Newark, Delaware, and in the spring of 1726 sought homes on the 
Susquehanna. The Walkers located in the Cumberland valley. 

Andrew Gregg, the youngest of the sons of John Gregg, of Bally-Arnatt, 
County Londonderry, Ireland, was born there in the first decade of the eighteenth 
century. He is said to have married (first) in Ireland, but this is improbable 
if the date of their arrival in America is correctly stated, since he could not 
then have been of marriageable age. He settled in Drumore township, Chester 
county, at Chestnut Level, participating in the organization of Chestnut Level 
Presbyterian Church, about 1730, and residing there until 1748. His settlement 
was an unfortunate one, inasmuch as the title to his plantation was disputed 
and he eventually sold out to the claimant at a nominal sum. His first wife 
died, in the last year of his residence there, leaving him six small children. He 
was captain of one of the companies in the "Associated Regiment for the West 
end of Lancaster County, on the Susquehanna" in 1747-48. In 1750 he re- 
moved to Middleton township, Cumberland county, locating on a farm about 
two miles north of Carlisle, where he resided until his death, November 18, 
1789. He married (second), about 1752, Jean Scott (b. 1725, d. September 
30, 1783), daughter of William Scott, who had emigrated from county Armagh, 
Ireland, and settled at Chestnut Level, Drumore township, Lancaster county, 
with two sons, Moses and Thomas, and four daughters, Elizabeth, Margery, 
Jean and Fanny. 

By his first wife, whose name is unknown, Andrew Gregg had two sons — 
John and James, both of whom were soldiers in the Revolutionary War, and 
four daughters — Rachel, Margaret, Joan, and Elizabeth. John, the eldest, had 
two daughters: Margery, first wife of Roland Curtin, and Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried George McKee in 1798. By his second wife, Jean Scott, he had two sons: 
Andrew, of whom presently; and Matthew, who was a wagon-master in the 
Revolutionary Army, January 9, 1778, to August 14, 1780. 

Hon. Andrew Gregg, son of Andrew and Jean (Scott) Gregg, was born 
in Middleton, Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, June 10, 1755. His early 
education was acquired in the Latin School of John Steel, in Carlisle, Pennsyl- 
vania, and completed at an academy at Newark, Delaware. On leaving school 
he appears to have spent some time in Northumberland county, and was a 
private in Captain Robinson's company of rangers and saw active service, 
receiving later a grant of land for depreciation pay. In 1779, he became a 
tutor at the College of Philadelphia, now the University of Pennsylvania. In 
1783 he engaged in the mercantile business at Middleton, Pennsylvania, and 

CURT IN 857 

remained there for four years. On his marriage, in 1787, he settled at Lewis- 
town, then being laid out by his father-in-law, General James Potter, and Major 
Montgomery, in what two years later became Mifflin county. In February, 
1789, a tract of land was surveyed to him in Penn's Valley, two miles east of 
"Old Fort," in what is now Centre county, and he settled thereon. It was then 
in Northumberland county, became part of Mifflin county in September, 1789, 
and Centre county in 1800. He was elected one of the eight representatives 
from Pennsylvania to the Second United States Congress in 1791, and was 
seven time re-elected, serving in that body with distinction until 1807, when 
he was elected to the United States Senate, in which he served a term of six 
years, retiring March 4, 1813. He removed to Bellefonte in 1814, and was 
elected president of "Centre Bank". December 19, 1820, he was appointed 
Secretary of the Commonwealth by Governor Heister, and served until De- 
cember 13, 1823. On May 15, 1823, he was nominated for governor, to succeed 
Heister, but was defeated by John Andrew Shulze. He died in Bellefonte, May 
30, 1835. He married, January 29, 1787, Martha (b. Apr. 10, 1769, d. Aug. 20, 
1815), daughter of General James Potter, a brilliant officer of the Revolutionary 
War. They had seven daughters and three sons. Jean, the second child, was the 
second wife of Roland Curtin, and Mary, the third child, was the wife of 
Dr. Constans Curtin, a brother of Roland. 

John Potter, the grandfather of Martha (Potter) Gregg, emigrated from 
County Tyrone, Ireland, landing at New Castle on the Delaware, September, 
1741, accompanied by his wife and his sister Isabella and her husband John 
Hamilton. About 174b he located near the present site of Greencastle, in 
Antrim township, Franklin county, then Lancaster, and in 1750 included in 
the county of Cumberland, from which Franklin county was organized in 1784. 
He was the first sheriff of Cumberland county in 1750, and in September, 1756, 
was commissioned captain of a company in Lieutenant Colonel Armstrong's 
Battalion, which he accompanied in the expedition against the Indian town of 
Kittanning, when that town was destroyed and many white captives rescued 
from the savages. The date of death of John Potter is unknown. His wife died 
•in 1778. 

General James Potter, son of John, was born at the banks of the river 
Foyle, County Tyrone, Ireland, in 1729, and came to Pennsylvania with his 
parents in 1741. February 17, 1756, he was commissioned ensign of his 
father's company, in Colonel Armstrong's Battalion, and in September of that 
year accompanied the expedition against Kittanning, in which he was wounded. 
He continued in the Provincial forces and was commissioned captain, February 
I?! 1759' having at one time command of three companies in defense of the 
Pennsylvania frontier. He removed to Fort Augusta, now Sunbury, Northum- 
berland county, in 1768, and January 24, 1776, was elected colonel of the 
Upper Battalion of Cumberland County Militia. He was in command of the 
Cumberland County Regiment at the battle of Trenton on the morning of 
December 26, 1776, and at Princeton on January 3, 1777. April 5, 1777, he 
was appointed third brigadier general of Pennsylvania Militia, and he was in 
command of a brigade at the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. During 
the winter of 1777-78 he was in command of outposts near Valley Forge. His 
later military service was in connection with the frontier troubles in his own 

858 CURT IN 

county. He was elected major general of militia, May 2t„ 1782. General Potter 
was a delegate to the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention of 1776, was 
elected to the Supreme Executive Council, November 14, 1781, and was a mem- 
ber of the Council of Censors in 1784. 

General James Potter married (first) Elizabeth Cathcart, and (second) Mary 
(Patterson) Chambers, daughter of James Patterson, by his wife Mary 
Stewart, daughter of George Stewart, who settled in the Conestoga valley in 
1717. By his second wife. General Potter had three daughters and one son, one 
of the former being Martha, wife of the Hon. Andrew Gregg. The son Judge 
James Potter was the father of Mary Potter, who married Dr. William Irvine 
Wilson, and was the mother of Catherine Irvine Wilson, who became the wife 
of Governor Andrew Gregg Curtin, and mother of the subject of this sketch. 

By his first wife, Margery Gregg, Roland Curtin had four sons: Austin, 
James, Roland and John. By his second wife, Jean Gregg, he had two sons: 
Andrew Gregg, the distinguished war governor of Pennsylvania, of whom 
presently ; and Constans, a prominent ironmaster ; and five daughters : Martha, 
wife of Dr. William Irwin; Ellen Honora, wife of WilHam H. Allen, M. D., 
LL. D., successively president of Dickinson college, Girard college and the 
State College of Pennsylvania; Margery, wife of Thomas R. Reynolds, of 
Carlisle; Nancy, the wife of Dr. Qark, of Philadelphia; and Julia, of Phila- 
delphia, unmarried. 

Hon. Andrew Gregg Curtin was born at Belief onte. Centre county, Penn- 
sylvania, April 23, 1815. His early education was acquired in the schools of 
his native town. He later entered the Harrisburg Academy, and completed his 
academic education at the celebrated academy at Milton, Northumberland 
county, under the Rev. David Kirkpatrick. He began the study of law in the 
office of the Hon. W. W. Potter, the leading lawyer of the Bellefonte bar, and 
finished by a course in the law school of Dickinson College, Carlisle, then in 
charge of Judge Reed, one of the leading jurists of Pennsylvania. He was 
admitted to the bar of his native county in April, 1837. His rise to eminence in 
the practice of his profession was rapid, and was attended with like success in 
political matters, in which he early took an active part. A ready and effective 
speaker, he took an active part in the election of General Harrison to the 
presidency in 1840, and canvassed the state for Henry Clay in 1844. He was 
appointed Secretary of the Commonwealth by Governor Pollock, January 15, 
1855. That office at that time included the superintendency of the public 
schools of the state, and Curtin won lasting fame by his intelligent and effective 
work in behalf of the public schools. He it was who instituted the Normal 
Schools. He was elected governor in i860, and his record as the great war 
governor during the trying time of the Civil War is too well known to need 
repetition. He ranked easily among the ablest of the war governors of the 
northern states. His foresight was demonstrated by the establishment of the 
Pennsylvania Reserves, and a crowning achievement was the establishment of 
the orphan school for the children of soldiers who fell in the war. 

The late Colonel A. K. McClure, a life-long friend and associate of Governor 
Curtin, in a memorial address delivered in February, 1895, refers eloquently 
to Curtin's part in laying a broad foundation for the public school system : 

CURT IN 859 

"Forty-one years ago I sat in this hall (House of Representatives, Harrisburg) with 
Curtin, as a member of the convention whose action called him into public life. He had 
been named for the position of governor himself, but was young and heartily yielded to 
Whig sentiment that pointed to the late Governor James Pollock as the man to lead the 
party. Pollock summoned Curtin to lead his forces in the campaign, which he conducted 
with masterly skill and energj-, resulting in Pollock's election, and Curtin was named as 
Secretary of the Commonwealth. He was the first in that office who systematically or- 
ganized the free schools on a broad basis and opened the way for the universal e'duca- 
pimq o; psiqeua sba\ aij 'joujaAog se 'ja}Bq ^, * * •sjEig ^m }0 uaapiiqD aijj jo uoi; 
upon this solid foundation. Next to Thaddeus Stevens, the author of the free school law, 
and Governor Wolf, who approved it, our grand system of education of to-day is more 
indebted to Andrew G. Curtin than to any other public man." 

Governor Curtin was appointed by President Grant, in 1869, Minister to 
Russia, and he served until August, 1872. He then returned home and was 
chosen a delegate to the State Constitutional Convention of 1873. He was 
elected to represent the 20th District in the 47th, 48th, and 49th Congresses, 
and served for several years as chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. 
He died at his home at Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, October 9, 1894. 

Andrew Gregg Curtin married. May 30, 1844, Catherine Irvine Wilson, born 
January 17, 1821, daughter of Dr. William Irvine Wilson, of Bellefonte, and 
his wife, Mary Potter (b. Apr. 8, 1798, d. Jan. 19, 1861), daughter of Judge 
James Potter and granddaughter of General James Potter, of the Revolution, 
before referred to as the maternal great-grandfather of Governor Curtin. 

Hugh Wilson, the great-great-grandfather of Catherine Irvine (Wilson) 
Curtin, was one of the founders of the Craig or Irish settlement in Allen town- 
ship, Northampton county, Pennsylvania, about 1736. He was born in County 
Cavan, Ireland, in 1689, he had come to Pennsylvania about 1724, with the Craigs, 
Boyds, Mays, Jamisons, and others more or less connected by ties of con- 
sanguinity, who settled first in Bucks county, from whence a number of them, 
including Elder Thomas Craig, a brother-in-law of Hugh Wilson, migrated to 
Allen township, in what became Northampton county in 1752. With the 
organization of Northampton in 1752, Hugh Wilson became one of its first 
justices and county commissioners, holding the former position until March 15, 
1767. He died in 1773. He was a son of Thomas Wilson, of Coote Hill, 
County Cavan, who had emigrated from Scotland and was an officer of King 
William's army at the Battle of Boyne. Thomas Wilson, son of Hugh, born 
1724, came with his father to the Irish settlement in 1736, and resided there 
until 1792, when he removed to Buffalo Valley, now Union county, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he died February 25, 1799. During the Revolution he was 
engaged in supplying the Patriot Army with flour. He married, in 1760 
Elizabeth Hays, daughter of John and Jane Hays, who had emigrated from 
Londonderry, Ireland, and settled in Allen township, in 1736. Mrs. Wilson 
removed, with her sons Thomas and William, to Beaver county, Pennsyl- 
vania, after her husband's death, and died there in 1803. Hugh Wilson, son 
of Thomas and Elizabeth (Hays) Wilson, born in Allen township, Northamp- 
ton county, Pennsylvania, October 21, 1761, served a number of "tours of 
duty" under Colonel Nicholas Keen during the Revolutionary War. He 
removed to Buffalo \'alley, now Union county, Pennsylvania, where he was a 
merchant, 1798-1804, removing thence to Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, where he 
died October 9, 1845. He married, February 17, 1790, Catherine Irvine 
(b. Nov. 16, 1758, d. Aug. 21, 1835), daughter of Captain William Irvine, who 

86o CURT IN 

was a cousin to General William Irvine, of the Pennsylvania line, in the 
Revolution. Dr. William Irvine Wilson, son of Hugh and Catherine (Irvine) 
Wilson, and father of Catherine Irvine (Wilson) Curtin, was born near 
Hartleton, now Union county, Pennsylvania, November lo, 1793. He studied 
medicine under Dr. James Dougal, of Milton, Pennsylvania, and in 1818 
removed to Earlytown, Centre county, Pennsylvania, later to Potter's Mills, in 
the same county, and finally to Bellefonte, where he died September 22, 1883. 
He married, February 23, 1819, Mary, daughter of Judge Potter, before 

The Hon. Andrew G. and Catherine Irvine (Wilson) Curtin had five 
children : Mary Wilson, who married George F. Harris, M. D., of Bellefonte ; 
Jane Gregg, who married William H. Sage, of Ithaca, New York; Martha 
Irvine, who' married Captain Kidder Randolph Breeze, U. S. N. ; William 
Wilson, of whom presently ; and Catherine Wilson, who married Moses DeWitt 
Burnet, of Syracuse, New York. 

William Wilson Curtin, son of the Hon. Andrew Gregg and Catherine Irvine 
(Wilson) Curtin, was born at Bellefonte, Centre county, Pennsylvania, March 
27, 1851. He received the major part of his education in Europe. He resides 
in Philadelphia, and has been for a number of years engaged in the fire and 
marine insurance business. He is a director of the Philadelphia Bourse and 
of the Spring Garden Insurance Company, and connected with a number of 
other prominent business and financial institutions. Mr. Curtin is a lineal 
descendant of at least five participants in the Revolutionary struggle of 1776- 
1783, and is a member of the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolu- 
tion. He is a member of the Rittenhouse, Philadelphia Country, Merion 
Cricket, Philadelphia Racquet, and Down Town Clubs. He married, October 
24, 1875, Harriet Harding, born August 28, 1853, daughter of the Hon. Garrick 
M. Harding, and they have issue: two daughters, the elder of whom, Marion 
Harding, born May 29, 1878, married, June 25, 1904, James D. Winsor, Jr., 
of Philadelphia, and had issue, Curtin Winsor, born December 23, 1905 : James 
D. Winsor (3), born June, 1908, and Katherine Irvine. The younger 
daughter, born February 5, 1884, married, June 25, 1905, Lawrence J. Brengle, 
of Philadelphia, and had issue, Ann Brengle, born September 18, 1906. 


Among the early converts to the faith and principles of the Society of 
Friends were Anthony and Ellen Bunting, who lived their long, uneventful 
life in the little village of Matlack, in the heart of Derbyshire, England, where 
both died in the year 1700, — both, according to the quaint and meagre record 
of the Society of Friends, — having rounded out one hundred years of life. To 
this couple were born six children : four sons, John, William, Samuel and Job, 
and two daughters, Silence and Susanna. 

Three of the brothers, John, Samuel and Job, came to New Jersey in 1678, 
and settled in Burlington county, New Jersey, Job removing later to Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania. William, the second son, remained in England, but his 
son Samuel, born in 1692, came to Pennsylvania in 1722, married there and has 
left numerous descendants, as have his three uncles above mentioned. 

Samuel Bunting, third son of Anthony and Ellen Bunting and the lineal 
ancestor of Douglas Bunting, born at Matlack, County Derby, England, came 
to New Jersey with his brothers, John and Job, in the year 1678. John Bunting, 
the elder brother, married, April 28, 1679, Sarah Foulke, and settled in Ches- 
terfield township, Burlington county, and Samuel, who was associated with his 
brother in the purchase of lands, probably resided with him until his own 
marriage on November 12, 1684, to Mary Foulke, a sister to his brother's wife, 
when he settled at Crosswicks in the same township, where he resided until 
his death, which occurred April 20, 1724. The homestead in Crosswicks, said 
to embody part of the original dwelling erected by Samuel Bunting, is still 
in the possession of his descendants. Samuel Bunting was an accredited min- 
ister of the Society of Friends, and a memorial of him, adopted by the Yearly 
Meeting of Friends at Philadelphia, is printed in their book of memorials. 

Thomas Foulke, father of Sarah and Mary Foulke, the respective wives of 
John and Samuel Bunting, was born in the year 1624, and in 1677 was living 
"at Holmegate in ye parish of Northwingfield, county of Derby, England, when 
he purchased of Mahlon Stacy, of Hansworth, county York, a one-fifth part 
of a share in the lands of West Jersey". In the same year he left England as 
one of the commissioners of William Penn, Mahlon Stacy, and the other pur- 
chasers of the province, in the ship "Kent", and after a tedious passage landed 
at New Castle, August 13, 1677; proceeding thence to Burlington, to, with his 
vania, whose first interest in America was as one of the purchasers of the West 
Jersey Company. He located at Crosswicks, in what later became Chesterfield 
township, Burlington county. He was a convert to the principles of the Society 
of Friends and a close friend of William Penn, the great founder of Pennsyl- 
vania, whose first interests in America was as one of the purchasers of the West 
Jersey lands. It was to this Thomas Foulke that William Penn wrote some years 
later explaining the adoption of the name of his province, Pennsylvania. In 
this letter Penn states that he was of Welsh origin, and that he had selected 
the name of "New Wales" for his province, but King Charles being dissatisfied 


with the name, Penn suggested "Sylvania" by reason of the virgin forests that 
were said to cover the country. King Charles then took his pen and wrote into 
the blank in the grant, reserved for it, the name "Pennsylvania". When Penn 
protested that the title savored of vanity, the King replied, "My good fellow, 
do not deceive yourself, this is in honor of your noble father, the Admiral", 
and with this explanation, says Penn, "I was forced to content myself". Thomas 
Foulke died at Crosswicks, in 1714, at the age of ninety years. His wife Mary, 
who accompanied him to America, with their four children, died April 16, 1718. 

John Bunting, eldest of the seven children of Samuel and Mary (Foulke) 
Bunting, born at Crosswicks, Burlington county, New Jersey, November 6, 
1685, married, March 7, 1722-3, Alice (Lord) Nicholson, born November 14, 
1696, widow of George Nicholson, and daughter of Joshua Lord, of Glouces- 
ter county. New Jersey, by his wife, Sarah Wood, daugher of John Wood, of 
Woodbury, Gloucester county, and granddaughter of James Lord, from Baroye, 
County of Lancaster, England. 

Samuel Bunting, eldest son of John and Alice (Lord) (Nicholson) Bunting, 
born at Crosswicks, Burlington county, New Jersey, removed to Philadelphia, 
and died there, August 21, 1767. He married, April 30, 1762, Esther, daughter 
of Philip Syng, born in Bristol, England, November 29, 1703, died in Phila- 
delphia, May 8, 1789. This Philip Syng had come to Philadelphia with his 
father of the same name at the age of eleven years. He became a prominent 
man of affairs in Philadelphia, serving as one of the proprietaries commissioners, 
under Governor John Penn, and as treasurer of Philadelphia, 1759 to 1769. He 
was a man of scholarly and scientific attainments, an intimate friend of Franklin, 
with whom he was associated in the founding of the American Philosophical 
Society, the LTniversity of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia Library. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Swen Warner, of Gloucester county, New 
Jersey, and his wife, Esther Warner, of the Blockley, Philadelphia, family. 

Philip Syng Bunting, son of Samuel and Esther (Syng) Bunting, born in 
Philadelphia, 1763, died there, September 6, 1826. He married, December 9, 
1788, Elizabeth Tompkins, born October 28, 1768, died July 28, 1841, daughter 
of Jacob and Elizabeth (Thomas) Tompkins, of Philadelphia, and granddaughter 
of Robert and Lydia Tompkins, of Bucks county, Pennsylvania. 

JosHu.\ Bunting, son of Philip Syng and Elizabeth (Tompkins) Bunting, 
born in Philadelphia, December 15, 1797, became an eminent merchant and im- 
porter there, doing business on South Wharves. He married, June 6, 1831, 
Henrietta Barron, born 1802, daughter of Benjamin and Mary (Crowell) \\'ade, 
and granddaughter of Major Nehemiah Wade, of the Revolution. 

Benjamin Wade, the earliest ancestor of Major Nehemiah Wade of whom 
we have any definite and authentic record, was one of the early English set- 
tlers at Jamaica, Long Island, whence his parents probably came from New 
England. On November 30, 1676, he was granted a patent for "six parcels 
of land" at Elizabethtown, New Jersey, where he had already settled. He is 
mentioned in the New Jersey records as a "Clothier", and was prominent in 
the aflfairs of the English settlement about Elizabethtown, county of Essex, 
made up principally of emigrants from New England. He married, about 1675, 
Ann, born 1649, died July 3, 1737, daughter of William Looker, who was elected 
a member of the House of Deputies, or Provincial Assembly of East Jersey 


from Elizabethtown, in 1694, and was one of the leading members of that 
body for many years; and was also commissioned a justice for Elizabethtown 
by the governor and council of New Jersey, in session at Perth Amboy, June 
7, 1699. Either this William Looker, or his son of the same name, to whom 
letters of administration on his father's estate were granted in 1717, was captam 
of a company in the Expedition against Canada, for which compensation is 
allowed him by the council in 1709, 

Robert Wade, eldest of the three sons of Benjamin and Ann (Looker) Wade, 
born at Elizabethtown, Essex county, New Jersey, died there in August, 1766. 
By his first wife, Elizabeth, he had one son Robert, born about 1700, and by his 
second wife Sarah, he had sons: Benjamin, born 1727; Patience, born 1736; 
Matthias, born 1738; Daniel; and two daughters. 

Robert Wade, son of Robert and Elizabeth Wade, born at Elizabethtown, 
New Jersey, about 1700, was a soldier in the Provincial forces of New Jersey, 
and died a prisoner of war in 1756. He had children: James, born October 10, 
1730, died January 4, 1774; David, born May 21, 1733, died September 10, 1779; 
Joanna, born November 6, 1735, died June 20, 1825; Nehemiah, born 1736, of 
whom presently; Matthias, born August 10, 1742, died May 25, 1820; Robert, 
born December 14, 1744, died April 16, 1805; Caleb, born January 2, 1746, 
died February 10, 1798; Abigail, born August 14, 1749; Elizabeth, born De- 
cember I, 1753. 

Major Nehemiah Wade, fourth child of Robert Wade, born at Elizabeth, 
New Jersey, in 1736, was commissary of military stores in Essex county. New 
Jersey, and second major of the First Essex County Regiment, from July 15, 
1776, to his death, from exposure in the service of his country, on October 19, 
1776. He married, about 1758, Abigail Mulford, born in 1740, died March i, 
1783, and they had eight children, three of whom died in infancy. Those who 
survived childhood were: Nehemiah, who died about 1822; Jonathan, born 

1761, died 1796; Mary, wife of Benjamin Watkins; Elizabeth, wife of 

Tucker ; Benjamin, of whom next. 

Benjamin Wade, son of Major Nehemiah and Abigail (Mulford) Wade, born 
at Elizabeth, New Jersey, July 22, 1772, married (first) Catharine, daughter 
of Rev. Thomas Morrell. She died November 21, 1800, and on May 21, 1801, 
he married (second) Mary, daughter of Thomas Crowell and Esther, daughter 
of Ellis Barron, captain of Middlesex Regiment, Continental Army, and Sarah, 
daughter of Samuel Stone, Esq., Woodbridge, N. J. Sometime after his second 
marriage, Benjamin Wade removed to Philadelphia, where he died in 1847. By 
his first wife he had two sons: Thomas Morrell Wade, born 1796, died Feb- 
ruary 9, 1854; and Jacob Brush Wade, born 1799; and by his second wife, Mary 
Crowell, he had three daughters ; Henrietta B., Anna Maria and Elizabeth, and 
two sons, Benjamin and George Washington Wade. Henrietta B., born at 
Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1802, becoming the wife of Joshua Bunting, of 
Philadelphia, June 6, 1831. 

Joshua and Henrietta B. (Wade) Bunting, of Philadelphia, had four chil- 
dren: Thomas Crowell, M. D., of whom presently; Mary, born March 27, 
1835, married William H. Wolff, A. ]\L, Ph. G., of Chambersburg, Pennsyl- 
vania; Elizabeth, born May 12, 1836, of Philadelphia, an artist and sculptress of 


considerable eminence, married Horace M. Wade; Joshua, Jr., born December 
I, 1837, died December 19, 1882, married Anna E. Jones. 

Thomas Crowell Bunting, M. D., eldest son of Joshua and Henrietta B. 
(Wade) Bunting, born in Philadelphia, November 7, 1832, studied medicine 
there and removed to East Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, where he practiced 
as a Homeopathic physician for over thirty years prior to his death on December 
24, 1895. He married, June i, 1869, Elizabeth Crellan Douglas, daughter of 
Andrew Almerin and Mary Ann (Leisenring) Douglas, of Mauch Chunk, 
Pennsylvania, granddaughter of William and Margaret (Hunter) Douglas, of 
Stephentown, New York, great-granddaughter of Captain William Douglas, and 
great-great-granddaughter of Captain Asa Douglas, of the New England troops 
in the Revolutionary War. 

William Douglas, said to have been a scion of the noble family of Douglas 
in Scotland, was born in the year 1610, as shown by his own deposition, while 
a resident of New London, Connecticut. He was a resident of Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1641, at Boston in 1645, and was made a freeman of Massachusetts 
in 1646. He removed from Boston to New London, Connecticut, in 1659, ^"'^ 
in 1660 was granted a farm, "three miles or more west of the town plot, with 
a brook running through it" as stated on the old town records. This brook 
was later known as Jordan Creek. He acquired other land adjoining, in 1667, 
and these lands descended to his sons, William and Robert, whose descendants 
continued to possess them a generation ago. William Douglas was a select- 
man of New London, 1663-66-67; was recorder and moderator, 1668; sealer 
and packer, 1673, and served on many important commissions in church and 
state matters, notably on that for fortifying the town at the outbreak of King 
Philip's War, in 1675, and was commissary of purchases and supplies during 
the war. He and his family were members of the Church of New London, from 
the ordination of Mr. Bradstreet in 1670, and he was one of its first deacons. 
He was also a deputy to the General Court at Hartford in 1672, and subse- 
quently. He died July 26, 1682. 

William Douglas married, in Northamptonshire, England, in 1636, Ann 
Mattle, born in 1610, daughter of Thomas Mattle, of Ringstead, Northampton- 
shire, from whom and her brother, Robert Mattle, she inherited considerable 
estate in 1670. They had children: Robert, born 1639, married, in 1665, Mary 
Hempstead, the first child born in New London, and was prominent in aflfairs 
of New London, as have been his many descendants ; William, of whom 
presently; Anna, married Nathaniel Geary; Elizabeth, married John Chandler, 
of Woodstock ; Susannah, married John Keeny. The descendants of William 
and Ann (Mattle) Douglas are now widely scattered over the several states 
of the Union. 

Deacon William Douglas, second son of William and Ann (Mattle) Douglas, 
was born in Boston, Massachusetts, May 2, 1645, ^n*^ came with his parents to 
New London, Connecticut, in 1659. He succeeded his father as deacon of the 
New London Church in 1682 and held that office for thirty years. He married 
(first), December 18, 1667, Abiah Hough, born at Gloucester, Massachusett.s, 
September 15, 1648, who came to New London with her parents, William and 
Sarah (Calkin) Hough, in 1653. Her father, William Hough, was a son of 
Edward and Ann Hough, of West Chester, Cheshire, England, the latter of 


whom died at Gloucester, Massachusetts, in 1672, at the age of eighty-five years. 
William Hough was a deacon of New London Church, and died in that town, 
August 10, 1683. He had come from Gloucester, Massachusetts, to Saybrook, 
Connecticut, in 1651, and from there to New London in 1653. Hugh Caulkin, 
maternal grandfather of Abiah (Hough) Douglas, came to Gloucester, 
Massachusetts, with a party under the leadership of Rev. Richard Blinman, 
from Monmouthshire, on the borders of Wales, about 1640; was selectman 
and magistrate of Gloucester, 1643-51, and deputy to the General Court from 
there 1650-51, removing from thence to New London, Connecticut, in 1651, 
where he was elected continuously as a deputy to the General Court from 1652 
to 1661 inclusive. He joined in the settlement of Norwich in 1660, from whence 
he was a deputy in 1663-64, and died there in 1690, aged ninety years. His 
grandson, Jonathan Calkin, was a soldier in the Provincial War with the rank 
of lieutenant, and another descendant of the same name was captain of 
Connecticut troops in the Revolutionary War. William Douglas married 
(second) Mary Bushnell. By his first wife, Abiah Hough, he had children: 
Sarah, married Jared Spencer ; William, of whom presently ; Abiah, who died 
young; Rebecca; Ann, married Thomas Spencer; Richard and Samuel. 

William Douglas, second child and eldest son of Deacon William and Abiah 
(Hough) Douglas, born at New London, February 19, 1672-73, was admitted 
to the church there, July 24, 1698, and in 1699 removed with his family to the 
new settlement at Quinnebaug, later Plainfield, Connecticut, where with others 
he organized a church of which he became the first deacon, in 1705. He died 
in Plainfield, August 10, 1719. He married, in 1695, Sarah Proctor, and they 
had twelve children, of whom the two eldest, Hannah, who married Thomas 
Williams, and William, were born in New London ; and Samuel ; Abia, who 
married Henry Holland; John; Sarah; Jerusha ; another Samuel; Benajah; 
James ; Thomas and Asa, were born in Plainfield. 

Captain Asa Douglas, twelfth and youngest child of Deacon William and 
Sarah (Proctor) Douglas, born in Plainfield, Connecticut, December 11, 1715, 
married, in 1737, Rebecca Wheeler, and in 1746 removed from Plainfield to 
Old Canaan, where he resided until 1766, and then removed to what was known 
as Jericho Hollow, Massachusetts, but which was subsequently included in the 
state of New York, and is now Stephentown, Rensselaer county. New York, 
taking with him a company of men from Connecticut, who cleared a tract of 
land and erected a strongly fortified farm house there, a part of which was used 
to confine prisoners during the Revolutionary War. He entered the military 
forces at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, and was captain of a company 
known as the "Silver Grays," with which he participated in the battle of 
Bennington, August 16, 1777, under Colonel John Stark. At the close of the 
war he returned to Stephentown, and died there, November 12, 1792. By his 
wife, Rebecca Wheeler, who was born August 26, 1718, he had thirteen children, 
of whom the first five: Sarah, wife of George Stewart; Asa, Jr.; Rebecca; 
William ; and Hannah, who married Hon. James Brown, were born in Plainfield, 
Connecticut ; and Olive, who married General Samuel Sloane ; Wheeler ; Jonathan ; 
Nathaniel; John; Benajah; and Lucy, wife of Major Jonathan Brown, were 
born at Old Canaan. 

Captain William Douglas, fourth child and second son of Captain Asa and 


Rebecca (Wheeler) Douglas, born at Plainfield, Connecticut, August 22, 1743, 
removed with his parents to Old Canaan, when a child, and was reared there. 
He was the first of the family to locate at Jericho Hollow, now Stephentown, 
New York, his father following him there in 1766. He, like his father, was 
a captain in the Patriot Army during the Revolution, and just prior to the battle 
of Bennington was detailed for a scouting expedition to ascertain the strength 
and location of the British forces, which was of the utmost importance to his 
superior officers. At the close of the war he located on his farm at Stephen- 
town, and also conducted a store and forge there. He married Hannah Cole, 
of Canaan, who died December 24, 1795, at the age of fifty-four years. He died 
December 29, 1811. They had seven children, viz: Benjamin, born December 
1, 1766, married Lois McCay; William, of whom presently; Eli, born Septem- 
ber I, 1769, married (first) Lucy Rose and (second) Elizabeth Wheelock; 
Hannah, born February 11, 1774, married Hon. John Knox; Deidama, born 
July 28, 1775, married (first) Azariah Willis and (second) Hon. Daniel Sayre ; 
Amos, born July 21, 1779, married Miriam Wright; Abiah, born December 25, 
1780, who married Amasa Adams. 

William Douglas, second son of Captain William and Hannah (Cole) 
Douglas, born at Stephentown, New York, January i, 1768, was a farmer at 
Stephentown and died there, December 13, 1821. He married (first) Miriam 
Pease, born July 16, 1768, died September 8, 1796; (second) Margaret Hunter, 
born December 17, 1776, died November 8, 1833. By his first wife he had four 
children, the eldest and youngest of whom died young, the survivors being 
Elizabeth, born April 15, 1793, married Dr. Beriali Douglas; Asa W. Douglas, 
born June 17, 1794, married (first) Mary Southworth and (second) Mary L. 
Bruce. By the second wife, Margaret Hunter, he had eight children : Albert H., 
born January 5, 1799, died June 23, 1847 ;_ Miriam, born January 16, 1801 ; 
Edwin, born March 3, 1804, William, who died in childhood ; Nancy, born 
February 6, 1809, died December i, 1844; Emeline America, born April 30, 
1812, married Richard L. Hubbard; William, born November 28, 1815; 
Andrew Almerin, the father of Elizabeth C. (Douglas) Bunting, born 
November 10, 1818. 

Andrew Almerin Douglas, son of William and Margaret (Hunter) Douglas, 
removed to Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, when a j'oung man, and was largely 
interested in the mining of anthracite coal there until his death in 1890. He 
married Mary Ann, daughter of John Leisenring, of JNIauch Chunk, and they 
had children : Harriet Dexter, wife of Robert Ralph Carter, of Mauch Chunk ; 
Elizabeth Crellan, married Dr. Thomas Crowell Bunting; Emily Juliet, married 
William H. Heaton, of Ashland, Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Thomas Crowell and Elizabeth (Douglas) Bunting, of Mauch Chunk, 
Pennsylvania, had five children, viz : Douglas, of whom presently ; Marj' 
Douglas, born October i, 1871, married George B. Home, of Mauch Chunk; 
Laura Whitney, born October 7, 1874, married James Struthers Heberling, of 
Redington, Pennsylvania; Henrietta Wade, born November 2, 1879, married 
James Irwin Blakslee, of Mauch Chunk; Wade Bunting, born June i, 1890. 

Douglas Bunting, son of Dr. Thomas Crowell and Elizabeth Crellan 
(Douglas) Bunting, born in East Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, March 17, 1870, 
is a representative of diverse types of American citizenship, as shown by the 


preceding narrative. On the paternal side a descendant of the peace-loving 
Quaker — conscientiously a non-combatant — whose name rarely appears on the 
rolls of military battalions of conquest, but whose conquest of a wilderness and 
the building of a great commonwealth is nevertheless as heroic and com- 
mendable and was as productive of beneficent results as the less tolerant, rigid 
scheme of conquest waged by his Puritan contemporary, whose tolerance of 
other faiths, nationalities and opinions, civil and religious, made the founding 
of the great commonwealth of Pennsylvania for nearly a century under the 
political domination of people of that faith, the development of her vast 
resources, and the amalgamation of her diverse and varied population of many 
faiths and nationalities into the finest type of American citizenship, the wonder 
of the civilized world. The history of her sister state of New Jersey, whence 
came the early paternal ancestors of Douglas Bunting, was largely dominated 
by the same element and progressed along practically the same lines. We there- 
fore find the representatives of this class taking no prominent part in the 
sanguinary struggle for national independence, which had, however, their 
nominal and frequently substantial support. 

On the maternal side, however, the ancestors of Douglas Bunting were reared 
in the rigid and austere faith of the Puritan, divinely impressed with the 
holiness and justice of his cause, faith and destiny ; intolerant of opposition in 
faith and politics, always ready to enforce his views with an iron hand, — hence 
we find the New Englander trained to martial warfare from earliest youth, as 
the New England Colony knew little of peace from its first settlement to the 
close of the Revolutionary War, a period of a century and a half. During this 
period there was hardly an able-bodied settler in that region who was not in 
some manner called into service in defense of home and family, and each 
frontier home, from the first erected on the "rock-bound coast" to those of a 
century and more later on the western boundaries, was a fortified one, and the 
occupants of all ages and both sexes trained to the use of arms. From this condi- 
tion there could be but one result ; with the coming of the struggle for national 
independence we find father and son, rugged age and sturdy youth, inheriting 
the martial spirit of their ancestors, fighting side by side in the patriot cause, 
as in the case of the family noted in this sketch. 

Douglas Bunting spent his boyhood days in his native town of Mauch Chunk, 
Pennsylvania, and attended the public schools there. He later was a student at 
the Bethlehem Preparatory School, and the Spring Garden Institute in 
Philadelphia, and entered Cornell University, graduating with the degree of 
Mechanical Engineer in the class of 1894. In the autumn of the same year he 
entered the employ of the Mount Jessup Coal Company, at Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he remained but a short time, removing to Wilkes-Barre on 
November i, 1894, and entering the engineering department of the Lehigh & 
\\"ilkes-Barre Coal Company, of which, December i, 1899, he was appointed 
mechanical engineer, and on October i, 1903, became chief engineer, a position 
he has filled to the present time. He is a member of the American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers and the American Institute of Mining Engineers. He 
was admitted a member of the Pennsylvania Society, Sons of the Revolution 
as a lineal descendant of Major Nehemiah Wade, of the Essex county. New 
Jersey, troops, a martyr to the cause of national independence ; and of Captains 


Asa and William Douglas, of the New England troops in the same struggle. 
Mr. Bunting is also a member of the Westmoreland Qub, of Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, and the 
Wyoming Valley Country Club. He married, at Scranton, Pennsylvania, 
January 2, 1901, Helen Romayne Seybolt, one of the five children of Calvin 
and Helen (White) Seybolt, of Scranton. They have one child, Elizabeth 
Douglas Bunting, born May 15, 1905. 



The Carstairs family of Philadelphia, founded there by Thomas Carstairs, 
who came to America in 1780, from the parish of Largo, County Fife, Scot- 
land, is a very ancient one in Scotland. 

The Carstairs of Largo, where we find James Carstairs, an elder of the 
church of St. Andrews in 1652, were closely related to Rev. John Carstares, 
of Cathcart, Lanarkshire, near Glasgow, a member of the extreme Coven- 
anting Protestors of Scotland, whose distinguished son. Rev. William Car- 
stares (1649-1715), was the strenuous supporter of the Scottish Church, inti- 
mate friend of William, Prince of Orange, under whom as William I, King of 
England, and his sucessor Queen Anne, he was Royal Chaplain of Scotland, 
and was one of the chief promoters of the Revolution Settlement, which freed 
the Presbyterians from persecution. 

Alexander Carstairs, "of the Damsyde of Straithearlie," parish of Largo, 
County Fife, Scotland, who was married to Christiane Gutcher, daughter of 
Thomas Gutcher, April 8, 1687, was probably a grandson of James Carstairs, 
the elder of St. Andrews in 1652, and son of David Carstairs, who appears as 
a witness to marriages, etc., 1673-80; the marriage and baptismal records of the 
parish of Largo being blank for the two generations preceding the date of 
Alexander Carstairs' marriage. The baptisms of five sons of Alexander and 
Christiane (Gutcher) Carstairs appear of record between 1693 and 1703, viz.: 
Andrew, who died in infancy; James, Thomas, whose marriage to Christine 
Wilson appears of record February 23, 1724; John and Andrew. 

James Carstairs, son of Alexander and Christiane (Gutcher) Carstairs, was 
baptised August 12, 1694, and his marriage contract with Christian Adamson, of 
the same parish (probably a daughter of Alexander Adamson of Dykendock, who 
later appears as a sponsor at the baptism of her children) who proclaimed in 
the Parish Church of Largo, April 30, 1720, and their parents consenting, were 
"orderly proclaimed and married by Mr. Moncriefif, our Minister, the First day 
of June, 1720." In the baptismal record of his first child, Margaret, December 
3, 1716, by a former marriage, he is described as of "Aitherney Cotton," but in 
the baptism of his children by Christian Adamson beginning with David, April 2, 
1721, and ending with Robert, August 5, 1737, he is described as of "the 
Kirktown of Largo." These children were: David, of whom presently; Chris- 
tine, married John Wood, December 18, 1746; Anne, married Robert Lesle, in 
1753; Sophia, married Nathaniel Webster, in 1748; Flora; James; Margaret; 
and Robert. 

David Carstairs, eldest child of James and Christian (Adamson) Carstairs, 
of the Kirktown of Largo, was born there, and baptised April 2, 1721, and was 
residing there November 16, 175 1, when was proclaimed his marriage contract 
with Margaret Fair, of the parish of Kilconguhar, a few miles east of Largo, on 
the shores of the Firth of Forth, near the termination of Largo Bay, and they 
were married at Kilconguhar, December 2, 1751, by Mr. Clidesdale, the minister 


there. The children of David and Margaret (Fair) Carstairs, as shown by the 
baptismal record of the parish of Largo, were: James, baptised December 3, 
1752, died in infancy; David, baptised April 20, 1755; James, baptised May 25, 
1756; John, baptised December 20, 1757, later a merchant in London, referred to 
hereafter; Thomas, baptised August 23, 1759; and Cecile, baptised July 23, I76[. 

Thomas Carstairs, youngest son of David and Margaret (Fair) Carstairs, 
born at the parish town of Largo, County Fife, Scotland, in 1756, and baptised at 
the parish church there, August 23, 1759, came to Philadelphia in the year 1780, 
and engaged in business there as an architect and builder, which business he fol- 
lowed during the active years of his life. He became a member of St. Andrew's 
Society in 1786, and was one of its most prominent and active members. He 
served as one of the committee on revision of the laws of the Society, and signed 
the revised charter. During the terrible scourge of yellow fever in Philadelphia, 
he was one of the Board of Health, with Stephen Girard, appointed to take 
measures for the suppression of the plague. He died July 28, 1830. He mar- 
ried, in Philadelphia, September 16, 1785, Sarah (Hood) Bradford, widow of 
Joseph Bradford, whom she had married in 1774. 

David Carstairs, the eldest son, born in 1787, went to London, England, and 
I'ved for some years with his uncle John Carstairs, a prominent London mer- 
chant ; became a major in the English army, and died in India in 1820. 

James Carstairs, second son of Thomas and Sarah (Hood) Carstairs, was 
born in Philadelphia, December 9, 1789, and died February 3, 1875. He was 
for many years cashier of the Mechanics' Bank of Philadelphia, and was noted 
for the courtesy and business tact which he exercised in his intercourse with the 
patrons of the bank. About the year 1834 he engaged in business as a wholesale 
grocer and ship chandler on Delaware Avenue, above South Street, and did a 
large and profitable business. At that time American merchantmen were doing 
a large shipping business from this port, and the wharves were almost always 
crowded with American shipping, and business was exceedingly brisk on the river 
front. Twelve ships, comprising three lines of packets, were then running to 
Liverpool from Philadelphia, two lines were running to London, and 
two to Amsterdam, and a large fleet of ships and brigs were trading with 
the West Indies and South American ports. In addition to these a great number 
of vessels, mostly owned by Philadelphians, were carrying on a large trade with 
the Orient. During the time James Carstairs was carrying on business as a ship 
chandler, John McCrea alone owned ten square rigged vessels which were en- 
gaged in the China trade, and there were at least twenty more vessels owned by 
Philadelphia merchants, engaged in the same trade, so that the business of sup- 
plying these vessels with equipment and provisions was a very extensive one, and 
James Carstairs had the bulk of it. He was an upright business man of wide ac- 
quaintance and good repute, and a consistent Christian and useful citizen. He 
gave much of his time and means to benevolent objects, and was for many years 
president of the Southwark Benevolent Society. He served during the greater 
part of his adult life as a member of the board of directors of the public schools, 
and filled many other positions of public trust. He was one of the early mem- 
bers of St. Andrew's Society, joining in 1813. He died in February, 1875, in 
his eighty-sixth year. 

James Carstairs married, March 25, 1819, Sarah Britton Summers, daugh- 

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ter of Andrew Summers, a wealthy banker of Philadelphia, and an intimate 
friend of Robert Morris, the "Financier of the Revolution," by his wife Helen 
Stewart, sister of Admiral Charles Stewart. An interesting fact connected with 
this marriage is that Jerome Bonaparte was one of the ushers at the wedding, 
and presented the bride with an elegant gold chain, of unusual length, which has 
been treasured by succeeding generations of this family. 

They had issue : six sons and two daughters, viz. : David Carstairs, born Sep- 
tember 3, 1821 ; Charles Stewart Carstairs, born September 8, 1824, who mar- 
ried a daughter of Hon. Morton McMichael, and was for many years a promi- 
nent merchant of Philadelphia, a member of the firm of Jauretch & Carstairs; 
Major Thomas Carstairs, born October 31, 1826; Sarah B. Carstairs, born De- 
cember 26, 1829, married Algernon Sidney Roberts, of Philadelphia; James Car- 
stairs Jr., of whom presently ; Helen Carstairs, who married Rev. Gideon J. 
Burton, of Philadelphia; and Robert Carstairs, born 184 1, who was killed at 
the battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia, May 31, 1862. 

James Carstairs Jr., fifth son and sixth child of James and Sarah Brittoin 
(Summers) Carstairs, was born in Philadelphia, March 13, 1834. He, like liis 
elder brother, Charles S., engaged in the mercantile business on arriving at ma- 
ture years, and was one of the prominent wholesale merchants of Philadelphia, 
being senior member of the firm of Carstairs, McCall & Co. for many years 
prior to his death, which occurred May 28, 1893. He was prominently asso- 
ciated with a number of the financial, industrial, and benevolent institutions ot 
his native city. 

James Carstairs Jr., married, March 22, i860, Mary White Haddock, born 
in Philadelphia, who still survives him. She is a daughter of Daniel Haddock 
Jr., who was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, November 12, 1806, and died in 
Philadelphia, January 21, 1890, and his wife, Catharine Lucy Stevenson Shinn, 
daughter of John Shinn, Jr., of Philadelphia, of the prominent New Jersey fam- 
ily of that name, and his wife Mary White, daughter of Dr. John White, the 
eminent Revolutionary surgeon. 

On the paternal side, Mrs. Carstairs is of early New England ancestry. Her 
grandfather, Daniel Haddock, born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, died at Lynn, 
Massachusetts, October 18, 1846, and his wife, Abigail Haseltine, was born at 
Haverhill, March 27, 1780, and died at Lynn, April 27, 1875. The latter was 
a great-great-great-granddaughter of Robert Haseltine, who came from Eng- 
land and settled in Rowley, Massachusetts, in 1638, married there December 23, 
1639, Anne , and located in Bradford, Massachusetts, where he died Au- 
gust 27, 1674, and his wife on July 26, 1684. 

Abraham Haseltine, son of Robert and Anne, was born in Bradford, Mas- 
sachusetts, May 23, 1648, and died there, April 28, 171 1. He married Elizabeth 
Longhorne, who was born at Rowley, Massachusetts, September, 1649, and died 
at Bradford, March 27, 1704. 

Richard Haseltine, son of Abraham and Elizabeth (Longhorne) Haseltine, 
was born at Bradford, Massachusetts, November 13, 1679, and died there March 
8, 1755. He was deacon of the church at Bradford and a lieutenant of the Pro- 
vincial forces of Essex county. He married Abigail Chadwick, who was born 
in 1683, presumably in Maiden, Middlesex county, Massachusetts, and died in 
Bradford, July 24, 1743. 


John Haseltine, grandfather of Abigail (Haseltine) Haddock, was born in 
Bradford, Massachusetts, November 22, 1708, and was a son of Lieutenant Rich- 
ard Haseltine and his wife, Abigail Chadwick. He married Mary Ingalls, of 
Chester, Rockingham county. New Hampshire, and removed there, where he 
died October 16, 1757. His widow, who was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, 
November 29, 1714, returned to Bradford, Massachusetts, after her husband's 
death, and died there October 13, 1779. 

James Hasehine, son of John and Mary (Ingalls) Haseltine, and father of 
Abigail (Haseltine) Haddock, was born in Chester, Rockingham county, New 
Hampshire, March 27, 1750, and returned with his mother to Essex county, Mas- 
sachusetts, after the death of his father. He married Abigail Mooers, and located 
in Haverhill, where he died May 17, 1833. His wife Abigail, who was bom 
in Haverhill, Essex county, Massachusetts, January 6, 1754, died at Haverhill, 
September 20, 1820. 

Dr. John White, the maternal great-grandfather of Mary White (Haddock) 
Carstairs, was born in the City of New York, June 24, 1759. He was a student 
at the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University, at the outbreak of the 
Revolutionary War, and early in 1775 came to Philadelphia to study medicine, 
but joined the Philadelphia Battalion of Associators, under Colonel Thomas Mc- 
Kean, in July, 1776, and marched with that battalion to the support of Wash- 
ington's army immediately after the passage by Congress of the Declaration of 
Independence, July 4, 1776, and was stationed at Amboy for about three months, 
when the battalion was disbanded and he returned to Philadelphia, and resumed 
his medical studies. In January, 1777, he was appointed surgeon's mate in the 
General Hospital, at the "Bettering House", Philadelphia, where he was en- 
gaged in tending the sick and wounded soldiers until the approach of Howe's 
army, when the sick were transferred to hospitals in New Jersey, and he served 
successively in the hospitals at Burlington, Princeton and New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, and at Valley Forge, Yellow Springs and Lightfoot's Barn, in Pennsyl- 
vania, until the evacuation of Philadelphia by the British, in June, 1778, 
when he was again ordered to the hospital at the "Bettering House," 
where he was stationed until August, 1779, when he was appointed surgeon on 
board the privateer, "Morning Star", and later filled the same position on board 
the twenty-gun ship, "Rising Sun", which was captured by the British frigate 
"Medea", July i, 1780, and Dr. White was a prisoner of war in the notorious pri- 
sonship "Jersey" and in New York City for about fifteen months, suffering great 
hardships. The details of his service in various capacities is so well given in the 
manuscripts of Dr. J. M. Toner in the Library of Congress that we give Dr. 
Toner's sketch in full : 

"John White, surgeon's mate, and subsequently surgeon in the Revolutionary War, was 
born in the city of New York in June, 175Q. At the commencement of hostilities he was 
a student at Princeton College, N. J., but the excitement which followed the fight at Lex- 
ington, Mass., April 19, 1775, rendered it impossible for him to apply his mind to study, 
and as most of the students shortly after dispersed, he moved to Philadelphia, to enter 
upon the study of medicine. Shortly after the passage of the Declaration of Independence 
by the Continental Congress, July 4. 1776, John White joined a regiment of militia com- 
manded by Colonel Thomas McKean, afterwards Governor of Pennsylvania, and which 
was stationed for about three months at Amboy. Upon his return he was appointed 
surgeon's mate in the General Hospital at the 'Bettering House,' in January. 1777, con- 

From painting by Rembrandt Peale. 

<z>^^. ^^o-^/a- 

/ d'-i^f^ce^^-i^ is- 


itinuipg there during the ravages of jail or hospital fever introduced by the prisoners lib- 
erated from confinement in New York City. A grave form of dysentery also prevailed at 
this time among the men connected with the 'Flying Camp,' and which proved fatal 
to numerous physicians and nurses. Dr. White was twice brought to death's door by 
hospital fever. 

"On the approach of the enemy to Philadelphia, which they captured Sept. 26th, 1777, 
he was successively transferred to duty in the hospitals at Burlington, Princeton, New 
Brunswick, in New Jersey, and at Valley Forge, Yellow Springs, and Lightfoot's Barn, in 
Pennsylvania. After the evacuation of Philadelphia by the British, June 18, 1778, he was 
again ordered to the 'Bettering House.' 

"During the period of his service there he had suffered much in his health from 

hard duty and disease, and his monthly pay, owing to the depreciation of the paper cur- 
rency, was insufficient to clothe him. He left the hospital with the approbation of the 
commanding officer in August, 1770, to accept the appointment of surgeon to the privateer, 
'Morning Star,' commanded by Captain Gardner, in which he made two cruises in com- 
pany with the elder Captain Decatur. 

"Among the prizes taken by this privateer was a transport with Hessians, which had 
been cut off from the British fleet going into New York City. The vessel was sent to 
Egg Harbor. Shortly after this John White was appointed surgeon to the 'Rising Sun,' 
a twenty-gun ship built at Egg Harbor, and which was captured by the British frigate 
'Medea,' July ist, 1780. The Doctor was carried to South Carolina, where he was con- 
fined in the prison ship four months, and then transferred with other survivors to the 
Jersey prison-Ship, at New York City. 

"In addition to the many cruelties inflicted on the prisoners in that infamous prison 
ship, about 150 prisoners were mustered and selected under the pretence of being sent 
on board of a cartel for exchange, who were taken out at midnight to be distributed 
among a fleet of war vessels anchored near Sandy Hook, ready to sail. Dr. White, with 
twenty-seven others was put on board the flag-ship 'London,' ninety guns, and as soon as 
it was light they were ordered to assist at the windlass in weighing the anchor, which if 
refused, punishment was threatened. In this emergency he addressed himself to the 
lieutenant in command, representing his unfitness for such service, and the position he oc- 
cupied when captured, when after one night's detention he was returned to the old prison 

"The British surgeons, to relieve themselves from a dangerous and disagreeable duty, 
procured the attendance of American surgeons to wait on the sick, which appointment 
was duly accepted by them, as it included the privilege of a boat to go on board the hos- 
pital ships and occasionally on shore to obtain medicines and provisions for the sick. Dr. 
Nathan Dorsey, a surgeon on board one of our captured frigates, who had been assigned 
by his captors to this duty, was exchanged, and the subject of this sketch, Dr. John 
White, succeeded him after about four months detention on the 'Jersey,' in attendance 
on the sick American prisoners. After continuing a prisoner for seven months in New 
York City, Dr. White was exchanged through the kind efforts of friends." 

Returning to Philadelphia, he took up the practice of medicine w^hich con- 
tinued to the date of his death in Philadelphia, July 7, 1838, in his eightieth 
year. He took an active interest in municipal affairs, and was a prominent can- 
didate for sheriff of Philadelphia county in 1820. 

Mary White (Haddock) Carstairs, still resides in Philadelphia, she is first 
vice-president of the Presbyterian Orphanage, in Philadelphia, established by 
her mother, Catharine Lucy (Shinn) Haddock, and also vice-president of the 
Bible Readers Society; manager of the Sea-Side Home, Cape May Point, New 
Jersey; and president of the Haddock Memorial Home for Infants, endowed 
by her mother Catharine Lucy Haddock. She is a member of the Society of 
New England Women for Philadelphia, and other patriotic and social organi- 
zations. She and her husband, James Carstairs, Jr., had nine children, viz : — 

Lucy Haddock Carstairs, b. Jan. 16, 1861, unm. ; 

Daniel Haddock Carstairs, b. Feb. 7, 1862 ; m. Louise Orne, of whom presently ; 

John Haseltine Carstairs, b. Aug. 7, 1863; m. Belle Wolf Wilson, of whom presently; 

Charles Stewart Carstairs, b. Aug. 2, 1865 ; m. Esther Holmes Haseltine ; of whom pres- 
ently ; 

Helen Burton Carstairs, b. Aug. 28, 1867, d. Jan. 18, 1904; m. (first) Chas. S. 
Phillips, of N. Y. (second) Cornelius Van Buren Burrel; 


Emily Frances Carstairs, b. Dec. il, 1869; m. April 22, 1895, Walton Ferguson, Jr., 
of Stamford, Conn., and has issue: 

Emily Frances Ferguson, b. Feb. 12, 1900; 
Mary White Carstairs, b. Aug. 19, 1871 ; m. Feb. 18, 1895, Stephan de Kosenko, and 
had issue : 

Mary Carstairs de Kosenko, b. March 23, 1897; 
Emily Frances de Kosenko, b. Jan. 2, 1899; 
Lucille de Kosenko, b. Oct. 18, 1901 ; 
Lena Farr Carstairs, b. March 24, 1878, m. (first) Nov. 9, 1898, Francis A. Janney, 
and had issue : 

Emily Hall Janney, b. Sept. 5, 1899; 
Mary White Janney, b. March 17, 1901 ; 
Helen Moore Janney, b. Jan. 18, 1903; 
She m. (second) March 21, 1908, Mario Montu, of Turin, Italy, where they reside. 
James Carstairs Jr., b. Jan. 2. 1880, m. March 31, 1906, Priscilla Moore Taylor, dau. 
of Matthew H. Taylor, of Erie, Pa,, President of Pittsburg Coal Co. They had 
issue : 

Priscilla Moore Carstairs, b. March 18, 1907. 

Daniel Haddock Carstairs, eldest son and second child of James Jr. and 
Mary White (Haddock) Carstairs, born in Philadelphia, February 7, 1862, was 
educated at the Few-Smith Academy, Philadelphia, from which he graduated 
in 1879. He engaged with his father in the distilling business in Philadelphia, 
as a member of the firm of Carstairs, McCall & Co., distillers of and wholesale 
dealers in liquors, 254 South 3rd street, and succeeded his father as senior mem- 
ber of the firm at the latter's death, and with his brother, John Haseltine Car- 
stairs, still continues the business established by his father. He is a member of 
the Pennsylvania Society Sons of the Revolution, in right of descent from Sur- 
geon John White, his maternal great-great-grandfather; a member of the New 
England Society, and of the following social organizations, viz : the Union League, 
Philadelphia Cricket Qub, Germantown Cricket Club, Philadelphia Country 
Qub, and Racquet Club, of Philadelphia, and the Maryland Club, of Baltimore. 

He married (first) November 27, 1883, Louise Orne, born August 4, 1862, 
daughter of Edward B. and Elizabeth (Boldin) Orne, of Philadelphia; and 
(second) April 21, 1906, Viola Howard, daughter of Francis Howard, of Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts. By his first wife, Louise Orne, Mr. Carstairs had issue: Eliz- 
abeth Boldin Carstairs, born December 2, 1884, who married, January 9, 1907, 
William Moore Stewart (3d), of Philadelphia; and Mary Haddock Carstairs, 
born May 24, 1889. 

John Haseltine Carstairs, second son of James and Mary White (Had- 
dock) Carstairs, born in Philadelphia, August 7, 1863, is also a member of the 
firm of Carstairs, McCall & Co., and prominently identified with the business in- 
terests of his native city. 

He is a member of the Pennsylvania Society Sons of the Revolution, in right 
of descent from Surgeon John White; a member of the Union League, Phila- 
delphia Country, Philadelphia Racquet, Art, and Corinthian Yacht Clubs, of 
Philadelphia ; and of the New England Society ; Maryland Club, of Baltimore, 
and the Union League Club, of New York. 

He married, April 30, 1884, Belle Wolf Wilson, daughter of Charles and 
Elizabeth (Wolf) Wilson, of Philadelphia, and they have one daughter, Lor- 
raine Wilson Carstairs, born June 2, 1889. 

Charles Stewart Carstairs, third son of James and Mary White (Had- 
dock) Carstairs, was born in Philadelphia, August 2, 1865, and resided in Nevr 


^;)^7C^^ '<^W^<2.-^'^^"i^^^ ^^^/^2,^^.2^-0 


York. Charles Stewart Carstairs went to New York City in 1898, and entered 
the firm of Knoedler & Co., art dealers, with whom he has continued to the pres- 
ent time. He has charge of the London branch of this house and is considered 
one of the best art critics in this country, and in London and Paris. He is a 
member of the Union League Qub of Philadelphia, the Racquet Club of New 
York, and of several clubs in England. At this date he has his home in Eng- 
land. He married, January 14, 1886, Esther Holmes Haseltine, daughter of 
Charles F. and Elizabeth Haseltine, and they have four children, viz : — Charles 
Haseltine Carstairs, born October 5, 1886; Carroll Carstairs, born March 20, 
1888 ; James Stewart Carstairs, born June z, 1890 ; and Elizabeth Haseltine Car- 
stairs, born November 2, 1891. 


The present generation are lineal descendants of Major Ebenezer Denny, the 
famous Revolutionary soldier who fought the foreign enemies of his country 
on sea and land during the Revolution, as well as their savage allies of the for- 
est, and in the war of 1812 was of great service to the American army, althotigh 
then over fifty years of age. He was on a "privateer", was at the surrender at 
Yorktown, was with General Arthur St. Clair, November 4, 1791, and bore 
the news of his disastrous defeat to President Washington at Philadelphia. Thus 
he served all through the struggle for Independence, at sea, on land, and in the 
forest, in victory or defeat, bearing well his part. In peace also was he great 
as will be shown. Major Denny was of the third generation of the Denny fam- 
ily in America. 

The family is of English descent, the American ancestor being William Denny, 
who came to this country prior to 1735, and settled in Uwchlan township, Chester 
county, Pennsylvania. The records show and the histories of Chester and Cum- 
berland counties confirm that he took up and patented two hundred and ninety 
three acres of land in that township. His ownership is further confirmed by 
the fact that in 1777, he and his wife, Margaret conveyed a tract to their eldest 
son, David Denny, a Revolutionary soldier of record. William Denny died in 
1784, aged seventy-seven years. His wife Margaret died in May, 1794, aged 
seventy-six years. They had three sons : David, William and Walter. David 
had the homestead farm; William and Walter removed to Cumberland county in 


William Denny, son of William and Margaret Denny, was born in Chester 
county, Pennsylvania, and died at his home in Carlisle, Cumberland county, 
Pennsylvania, about the year 1800. He was by trade a carpenter and cabinet 
maker. He contracted for and built the court house at Carlisle in 1765, which 
was destroyed by fire in 1845. He is on the tax lists of Carlisle (1762-63) as 
the owner of lot No. 29, on West Main street, where he resided in a well-built 
log house. This house stood as one of Carlisle's ancient land marks until 1894, 
when it was torn down to make way for a more modern building. In the old 
turnpike and "mule train" days, it was a prominent public house and a depot of 
supplies for the Pittsburgh trade. William Denny was the first coroner of Cum- 
berland county, and during the Revolutionary War, commissioner of issues. He 
was a gentleman of the old school, high-minded and courteous to the extreme. 
All of William Denny's nine children were born in this house. It is a matter 
of regret that the familiar landmark had to go, but the old log house still lives in 
"Denny Memorial Hall", one of the Dickinson College buildings, as Miss Matil- 
da W. Denny presented the lot and building to the college and the proceeds from 
the sale of the property were used to erect "Denny Memorial Hall" at Carlisle, 
Pennsylvania. William Denny married Agnes Parker, who was born in 1741. 
a daughter of John and Margaret (McQure) Parker. John was a son of 
Richard and Janet Parker, Ulster county, Ireland, folks, who emigrated in 1725 

DENNY 877 

and settled on a farm three miles from Carlisle. In his application for a patent 
in 1734, Richard Parker stated that he had resided there "ye ten years past". 
Richard Parker died before 1750, his wife Janet survived him fifteen years. John 
Parker, his son, was born in 1716 and died prior to 1785. Margaret McClure, 
his wife, died in May, 1792. Children of William and Agnes (Parker) Denny; 
I. Ebenezer (who will have later mention). 2. Priscilla, born May 28, 1763, 
died at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, February 22. 1849. 3- William, born March 24, 
1765, died in infancy. 4. Nancy Agnes, born August 31, 1768, died unmarried, 
at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, January 11, 1845. 5- Margaret, born June 25, 1773, 
married Samuel Sinnison. 6. Mary, March 13, 1775, died aged three year-. 
7. Mary, born March 5, 1778, (Mrs. George Murray). 8. Elizabeth, born April 
22, 1782, died at Carlisle, March zy, 1848. 9. Boyd, born February 20, 1783, 
died at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

]Major Ebenezer Denny, eldest child of William and Agnes (Parker) Den- 
ny, was born at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, March 11, 1761, and after an unusually 
eventful and useful life died at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 21, 1822, and 
was buried in the First Presbyterian churchyard of that city. When the War 
of the Revolution began Ebenezer was but fifteen years of age, but notwith- 
standing his youth was a trusted messenger conveying important war messages 
as far west as Fort Pitt, going alone over the mountains and through the deep 
forests, lying on the ground at night and always on the alert for Indians, by 
whom he was often chased. He is described at this time as "a slender, fair, 
blue-eyed, red-headed boy". His mother was a devout Christian woman who 
attributed the preservation of her son, amid the perils of battle on land and 
sea, to "a gracious and watchful Providence", but her friends ascribed it to the 
fervent prayers of his godly mother. For a little while he was in the employ of 
his father, but he was of a different mettle. The times were too stirring to stay 
at home, and learning that a privateer carrying "letters of marque and reprisal" 
was fitting out at Philadelphia, enlisted as a volunteer and sailed for the West 
Indies. He saw plenty of fighting and was always so eager and courageous that 
he was promoted to a command on board. Returning after the first cruise, he was 
intending to ship for a second, when he received a commission as ensign of 
the First Regiment Pennsylvania Line. This was in 1778. In August, 1780, he 
was transferred to the Seventh Pennsylvania, and May 23, 1781, was promoted 
to lieutenant of the Fourth Pennsylvania. At the time the cords were tighten- 
ing around Cornwallis, Ensign Denny on the march kept a journal from which 
we quote. The first quotation is just after a sharp fight with the British near 
Williamsburg. He says: 

"Here for the first time saw wounded men : the sight sickened". As the end 
approached he says : "Army encamped on the banks of the James River ; part of 
the French fleet in full view". On September 14, "General Washington arrived ; 
our brigade was paraded to receive him; officers all pay their respects. He 
stands in the door, takes every man by the hand, the officers all pass in, receiv- 
ing the salute and shake hands. This is the first time I have seen the general". 
On October 15; "Siege operations were at once commenced; the fighting became 
very warm on both sides and the siege works were pushed with great vigor. 
Easy digging, light, sandy soil. A shell from one of the French mortars, set 
fire to a British frigate; she burned to the waters edge and then blew up mak- 

878 DENNY 

ing an earthquake". On October 17: "Had the pleasure of seeing a drummer 
mount the enemy's parapet and beat a parley; immediately an officer made his 
appearance holding up a white handkerchief. An officer from our line ran and 
met him and tied the handkerchief over his eyes, and thus was the great event 
of the surrender of Cornwallis accomplished." When the terms of the sur- 
render had been agreed upon, October 19, 1781, Ensign Denny was detailed by 
Colonel Butler to plant the American colors on the surrendered ramparts, but 
it is related that Baron Steuben dismounted, took them from his hands and 
planted them himself, a procedure that only the efforts of both Washington and 
La Fayette prevented from leading to a hostile encounter between Colonel But- 
ler and Baron Steuben. A little later he was with St. Clair in the Carolinas, 
and at Charleston during its investment and after the evacuation, but hostilities 
soon ceased, and the long bitter war was ended. 

In the subsequent campaigns against the Indians in the west, he received his 
promotions, rising to the rank of major. He was with Generals Harmar, St. 
Clair, Clarke and Wm. Henry Harrison in their operations against the In- 
dians, and saw plenty of action, for he was adjutant to General Harmar and 
aide-de-camp to General St. Clair on November 4, 1794, when St. Clair was so 
overwhelmed and defeated by the Indians. Major Denny was everywhere in 
the midst of danger and death, but escaped unharmed. He was dispatched by 
General St. Clair after the battle to bear the news of defeat to President Wash- 
ington, who was giving a dinner at Philadelphia when the dispatch bearer ar- 
rived. At first the President asked to have the dispatches sent in to him, but Major 
Denny returned word that his orders were to deliver them to no one but the 
President, whereupon he was admitted. Washington read the entirely unex- 
pected sad tidings, and is said to have fiown into a violent passion and used 
words, none too mild or well chosen. In 1794 he was commissioned a captain, 
in command of a detachment to protect the commissioners in laying out the 
town of Presque Isle (now Erie, Pennsylvania), but on arriving at Le Boeuf 
Point they were turned back by representative chiefs of the Six Nations who ob 
jected to having the Point occupied at that time. During the years of 1795-96 
Major Denny resided upon a farm he had bought along the Monongahela river, 
six miles above Pittsburgh. At this time he was a candidate for the State 
Assembly, but was defeated. In 1796 he was elected a commissioner of Alle- 
gheny county. At this time he sold his farm, and removed to Pittsburgh. In 1803 
he was elected treasurer of Allegheny county, and was again elected in 1808, 
In 1804 he was appointed a director of the Branch Bank of Pennsyl- 
vania at Pittsburgh, the first bank west of the Allegheny mountains. In 
the War with England, 1812-14, Major Denny was commissioner for the pur- 
chase of supplies for troops on the Erie and Niagara frontiers. He displayed 
his usual energy, and pushed the delivery of supplies, at a personal pecuniary 
loss, waived the thirty day clause in the contracts, and sent the goods forward. 
When Pittsburgh was incorporated a city in 1816, Major Denny was elected the 
first mayor. He was an earnest Presbyterian, and a trustee of the First Church 
of Pittsburgh, also the first president of the "Moral Society" formed in 1809. 
He was one of the potent forces in establishing the Western Theological School 
in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania. He, with pioneer Johnson, seated themselves 

DENNY 879 

at the doorway of the church and received the contributions of the worshippers 
as was the old Scotch way. 

Major Denny married, July i, 1793, Nancy Wilkins, daughter of Captain 
John Wilkins, soldier of the Revolution, a former resident of Carlisle, but later 
of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Denny died May i, 1806, in her thirty-first 
year. In the summer of 1822, while on a visit with his daughter Nancy, to 
Niagara Falls, Major Denny was taken ill and returned with difficulty to Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, where he died July 21, 1822, in his sixty-fifth year. Four 
children survived him, three sons and a daughter, the children of Nancy (Wil- 
kins) Denny. The sons all had distinguished careers and were worthy sons of 
the father. Of Harmar (see forward), the second one, William Henry Denny, 
was a physician of Pittsburgh, his first wife, Sophia Du Barry bore him : 
Ebenezer, graduated Annapolis, and served in the United States Navy ; Dupes- 
sis; Sophia (Mrs. Brady Wilkins), died September 25, 1892; Rebecca (Mrs. 
Dr. T. S. Verdi) and Juliette (Mrs. Thomas Gibson). His second wife, Maria 
Poe, bore him : Georgiana, William, Henry and George Talman. St. Clair 
Denny, the third son of Major Ebenezer Denny, entered the United States army, 
and rose to the rank of major. He married Caroline Hamilton, who bore him: 
Morgan Willoughby, Elizabeth O'Hara (Mrs. William Crogan Denny), James 
Hamilton (who died in childhood), St. Clair (who died in childhood), Annie 
Harding (Mrs. William Matthews Corcoran), Caroline St. Clair (Mrs. Joseph 
N. Du Barry), William Irwin (married Elizabeth Wellendorf), and George M. 
Brooke Denny. Nancy, the only daughter of Alajor Ebenezer Denny, married 
Edward Harding, who was born in Maryland, and became an officer in the regu- 
lar United States army. Their children were : Ebenezer Denny Harding, who 
was a captain in the regular army, he married Lavinia Morgan; Elizabeth (Mrs. 
Oliver W. Barnes) ; William, and \^an Buren Harding. 

Harmar Denny, son of Major Ebenezer and Nancy (\\'ilkins) Denny, was 
born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 13, 1794. He was graduated from Dick- 
inson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, with the class of 1814, and was admitted 
to the Allegheny county bar, November 13, 1816. He was a born leader among 
men and whether in church or state was among the foremost. He was known as a 
most excellent lawyer. His first political office was as a member of the lower 
house of the Pennsylvania State Legislature, where he so arose in prominence 
that he was elected to represent the Allegheny district in the National Congress, 
serving as representative four terms from March 4, 1829, to ]\Iarch 4, 1837. 
In that year he was elected a member of the Convention called to revise and 
amend the State Constitution, where he was especially useful. In 1849 he was 
chosen president of the Pittsburgh Select Council. In 1850 he was presidential 
elector. In State development he early advocated the building of the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad, and urged upon the farmers the importance of improved breeds 
of live stock and better farm machinery. In educational circles he was well 
known and useful. He was a trustee of the \'\'estern University of Pennsyl- 
vania, and on the board of examiners. He was a director of the Western Theo- 
logical Seminary at Allegheny City. In 1848 he became a member of the Amer- 
ican Philosophical Society. His religious faith was Presbyterian, and early in 
life, under the ministry of Rev. Doctor Herron, he joined the First Church of 
Pittsburgh, where he thereafter was always a member. He was ruling elder 

88o DENNY 

from April 12, 1829, until his death. In the sessions and higher courts of the 
church he was often heard, and helpful to the brethren. A wealthy man, he 
was also liberal, and his church benefited. He was the first president of Alle- 
gheny County Auxiliary of the American Bible Society. While in Congress he 
was an active worker in the Congressional prayer meeting. In short, there 
were few lines of human endeavor in which he was not a worker. Among the 
many tributes to his memory, this from the "Presbyterian Encyclopedia" is per- 
haps the most fitting: "His character was well established and symmetrical. No 
one ever questioned his rigid integrity, his profound sense of honor and hon- 
esty, the moral purity of his life or the perfect sincerity of his religious profes- 
sion. He was a person too, of very prepossessing features, whose appearance 
had become preeminently venerable. He was erect and gentlemanly in his bear- 
ing, and though somewhat reserved and dignified, yet a man of genuine modesty 
and amiability, entirely free from all pretension and eminently kind and affable. 
In the several spheres of life — domestic, social, civic and ecclesiastical — he was 
truly and impressively, a good man and his life was without reproach." The 
wife of Hon. Harmar Denny, whom he married, November 25, 181 7, was 
Elizabeth Febiger O'Hara, who was born December 31, 1796, died January 18, 
1878, daughter of General James and Mary (Carson) O'Hara. There were 
twelve children born of this marriage: i. Ann, died young. 2. Mary O'Hara 
(Mrs. J. W. Spring). 3. James O'Hara, married (first) Catherine Dallas, (sec- 
ond) Margaret Stevenson. 4. William Croghan, married (first) Elizabeth Den- 
ny, (second) Nancy Tripp. 5. Elizabeth O'Hara, became the wife of Hon. 
Robert McKnight. 6. Catherine. 7. Agnes. 8. Caroline, became the second 
wife of Rev. William Paxton, D. D. 9. Amelia Mellezena (Mrs. Captain 
Thomas J. Brereton). 10. Harmar. 11. Matilda Wilkins, now of Pittsburgh 
(north side). 12. Henry Baldwin. Harmar Denny died January 29, 1852, and 
was buried in the Allegheny Cemetery at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

This is another line of Revolutionary descent leading to the Denny family — 
that of Elizabeth T. (O'Hara) Denny. The O'Haras are an ancient family of 
Ireland. They are mentioned in Irish history as far back as 1348 in County 
Mayo, in the west of Ireland. In 1396, Bishop O'Hara is named, in 1409, 
Bishop Bryan O'Hara, in 1485, Archbishop O'Hara has mentioned. General Sir 
Charles O'Hara was created a Baron in 1706. He was of county Mayo, as was 
his son. General James O'Hara, who served and received a title from Queen 
Ann. General James O'Hara had hanging on the walls of his Pittsburgh home 
the coat-of-arms of the barony of Tyrawley, in recognition of his descent from 
the Baron O'Hara, of county Mayo — Vert on the pale radiant or, a lion ram- 
pant, sable. James O'Hara (afterward quartermaster-general in the American 
army) came to America in 1772. He landed in Philadelphia, but soon found his 
way to Western Pennsylvania, where he was an Indian trader for a firm in 
Philadelphia. He left them and for a time till March, 1774, was employed by 
Pittsburgh men as their Indian trader in (now) St. Lawrence county. His ac- 
counts were kept with the Indian in buck, doe and fawn skins. Here are a 
few of his entries : "Captain Pipe's account, pea, meat, chease, lives on the 
creek." "Captain Pipe promises to pay these accounts if the other would not". 
"Deer skins received of his wife, 10 shillings; i Buck skin", "paid Joseph 

DENNY 88i 

Hamaltius, 6 shillings, i pence", "remainder of raccoon and foxes skins got at 
camp". "Account with White woman who lives in the smith's shop". "Dr. 
Pipe's brother-in-law". "Dr. the little Muncy man who hot gun at thr Muncy- 
town, I pint powder". From March, 1774, till the breaking out of the war, he 
was government agent among the Indians. As O'Hara had served three years 
in the British army and had ranked as ensign, he was thought capable of being 
captain. He raised and equipped a volunteer company, the equipment being a 
hunting shirt, buckskin breeches and the ever ready rifle. The company was 
first sent to Fort Canhawa (now Kanawha) which had been erected by the 
State of Virginia. Here Captain O'Hara and his men remained until 1779. 
The company having been reduced to twenty-nine men through losses from the 
Indian fighting, the fort was abandoned, the cattle and horses sent to Pitts- 
burgh, while the few men surviving were attached to the North Virginia regu- 
lars under General Broadhead, December 13, 1779. O'Hara, who spoke French, 
the Indian dialects, and understood their sign writing, was of great benefit to 
Major Clark, whom he accompanied on his arduous march through the Wabash 
country. He was sent east with letters to General Washington, and remained 
at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, until 1780, when he was appointed commissary for 
the General Hospital and stationed at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. In 1781 he was 
made assistant quartermaster. The winter of 1779-80 was one of unusual sever- 
ity. The means of transportation were closed and supplies could not be furn- 
ished the army in a great quantity, nor with regularity. The depreciation of the 
Continental currency also caused most serious difficulty. The distress conse- 
quent was responsible for the revolt of the Pennsylvania Line in 1781. Captain 
O'Hara, as assistant quartermaster, used every endeavor to provide for the 
southern campaign of 1781 under General Greene. Of the history of his efiforts 
for this purpose there remains but one small memorandum book. In that can 
be traced his journey with the army and a record of provisions, procured by him- 
self and his assistant, Mr. Elliot. Names of places are given that correspond 
with the most noted places and battles of the southern campaign. South Caro- 
lina was in the hands of Cornwallis, and he was preparing to invade North 
Carolina. Morgan defeated the British Colonel Tarleton at "The Cowpens,"' 
January 17, 1781. There were various pursuits and retreats until March 15, 
when the battle of Guilford Court House was fought. This was one of the 
hottest fights of the war. The Americans were repulsed, but the British were 
too badly shattered to pursue. At Camden, General Greene had a hard battle 
with the British under Lord Rawdon, and was defeated. Again at Eutaw 
Springs the armies grappled and both claimed the victory. These and other 
places are mentioned in the book, showing that Captain O'Hara was giving ac- 
tive personal attention to the duties of his department (the commissary). He 
remained with the army until July, 1783, when having seen the last of the Penn- 
sylvania troops on board the transport, he traveled north to Philadelphia in com- 
pany with General Wayne. 

After settling the alTairs of his office he returned to Pittsburgh, accompanied 
by his newly wedded wife, in a wagon, the only means of travel. She was 
Mary, daughter of William Carson, a Scotch gentleman of means. The house 
to which Captain O'Hara brought his bride was built of logs. She however had 
brought with her all the luxuries of home life that could be transported. The 

882 DENNY 

carpets astonished the western country people, and they expressed their sur- 
prise, that Mrs. O'Hara should spread coverlets on the floor to walk on. The 
house stood near the Allegheny river, above Fort Pitt, in what was called the 
"Officers' Orchard". During his residence in Pittsburgh, General O'Hara was 
noted for his hospitality. To his home all were welcome, from the countryman 
who came for rest or refreshment, to his guests of honor, Louis Phillipe, Gen- 
eral Moreau, and his friends the French officers. Letters from officers high in 
rank in the army, prove their esteem and confidence in him. April 19, 1792, 
he was appointed quartermaster-general of the regular United States army, 
and served until May, 1796, being succeeded by General John Wilkins father 
of Nancy, the wife of Major Ebenezer Denny (See Denny). After the war 
ended, General O'Hara took a contract to furnish provisions for the western 
army under General Harmar, and did this satisfactorily, and was appointed 
quartermaster and treasurer for the payment of the soldiers. His accounts 
were kept with the most scrupulous exactness, as his reports to the Treasury 
Department show, and the following confirms : 

Treasury Department, 

Registers Office, Mar. 6, 1792. 
These are to certify that James O'Hara, late contractor for supplying the army with 
provisions, and who occasionally acted as Quartermaster of the troops and agent for the 
supply of Indian goods, is not charged with any moneys on the treasury books. That he 
has from time to time settled his accounts in a regular manner at the Treasury, and has 
given general satisfaction to the Treasury officers with whom he has settled said ac- 

(Signed) Joseph Nourse, 

April 19, 1792, Captain James O'Hara was appointed quartermaster-general 
in the United States army, and served until May, 1796. 

War Department, April 19, 1792. 
Sir : — The President of the United States by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate has appointed you Quarter-Master General in the army of the United States. 
You will please immediately to signify your acceptance or non-acceptance of this appoint- 
ment. In order that you may judge of the pay. rations and emoluments of the commis- 
sioned and non-commissioned officers and privates in the service of the United States, I 
enclose you the act of Congress relating to the military establishment. I am, dear sir, 

Your humble servant, 

H. Knox, 
Secretary of War. 
(James O'Hara). 

In the spring of that year (1796) he built a saw mill in Allegheny City, and 
planned with Major Isaac Craig the erection of glass works. They spent thir- 
ty thousand dollars (a fortune in those days) before a single bottle was 
blown, but later it was a paying business. The glass industry of Pittsburgh 
owes its inception and infant life to those two men, O'Hara and Craig. The 
glass works of O'Hara and Craig made a common green grade of window 
glass, bottles and other hollow goods. They used an eight pot furnace and 
turned out three boxes of window glass daily, about three hundred square feet. 
A memorandum from General O'Hara's book, found after his death reads: 
"To-day we made the first bottle, at a cost of $30,000." He was a builder of 
ships at Pittsburgh. They were built at his ship yard, loaded, then floated down 
the rivers to New Orleans, where they were rigged and sent on their voyages. 

DENNY 883 

He built the "General Butler," which made several voyages across the ocean, 
but was captured by the Spanish, October 3, 1807. In 181 1 he was a partner 
with John Henry Hopkins (after Bishop of Vermont) in the iron works at 
Ligonier, Westmoreland county, that failed. He made large purchases of 
land in Allegheny and other counties of western Pennsylvania. In 1804 he was 
appointed a director of the Pittsburgh Branch of the Bank of Pennsylvania. He 
ran for Congress in 1802 and in 1804, but failed of an election. He was a 
Presidential elector in 1789 when George Washington was chosen. He was an 
able assistant to General Wilkinson in raising the money to build the First 
Presbyterian Church of Pittsburgh, and donated a handsome chandelier which 
hung in the church for many years. He died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 21, 1819, aged sixty-seven years. His wife, Mary Carson O'Hara, died 
April 8, 1834, aged seventy-three years. Their daughter, Elizabeth Febiger 
O'Hara married Hon. Harmar Denny (see Denny). Another daughter, Mary, 
married a son of Major Croghan. Three sons, William Carson, James and 
Charles, died before their father. A granddaughter of General James O'Hara 
was Mrs. Schenley, who is held in loving recollection by Pittsburghers for her 
many gifts of parks and other benefactions, amounting in all to ten millions of 
dollars. Her mother was Mary O'Hara, who married William, a son of Cap- 
tain Croghan. Her husband was Captain Schenley, a British officer. After 
her marriage ]\Irs. Schenley made her home in London, England, but never 
forgot her native city, where the news of her death was received with genuine 

Richard Butler O'Hara, son of Captain James and Mary (Carson) O'Hara, 
was born in Pittsburgh, where he died while still a young man. He was always 
of a delicate state of health and never actively engaged in business or 
public life. He married Mary Boyd. Their children were: James O'Hara, de- 
ceased; Elizabeth O'Hara, unmarried; Mary Carson O'Hara (Mrs. William M. 

Mary Carson, daughter of Richard Butler and Mary (Boyd) O'Hara, was 
born at "Guyasuta," Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, where she has resided 
all her life. She was educated at Edgeworth (now Braddock) Seminary, and 
Miss McLeod's School for Young Ladies, Staten Island, New York. She is 
an accomplished linguist, speaking, reading and writing with fluency, French, 
German and Spanish. She married William M. Darlington, who was an au- 
thor of repute, to whom she was of the greatest assistance in translating and 
copying from original documents, which were largely French and Spanish in 
language. Mrs. Darlington has devoted a great deal of her life to genealogical 
research and historical writing. Her "Fort Pitt" (her only published volume) 
is a standard authority and widely quoted. She is a member of the Presby- 
terian church, and an honorary member of Pittsburgh Chapter, Daughters of the 
American Revolution. The children of William M. and Mary Carson (O'Hara) 
Darlington are: O'Hara Darlington, unmarried: Hilborn, died in 1862; Mary 
O'Hara Darlington, and Edith (Mrs. Samuel A. Ammon). 

William McCullough Darlington was a son of Benjamin and Agnes (McCuI- 
lough) Darlington, a grandson of Amos and Elizabeth (Powell) Darlington, 
and a descendant of the English emigrant Abraham Darlington, who came to 
Pennsylvania about 171 1. His grandfather Amos was a farmer of Chester 

884 DENNY 

county, Pennsylvania; his father, Benjamin, was a successful merchant of Pitts- 
burgh, where he died February 15, 1856. William M. Darlington was born in 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May, 1815, and died at "Guyasuta," Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania, September 28, 1889. He was by profession a lawyer but for 
several years before his death devoted himself exclusively to literary work and 
historical research. Owing to his knowledge of property and local history he 
was an authority often consulted by judges and leading attorneys of Allegheny 
county. In 1888, on the completion of the new court house, he received the keys 
from the county commissioners as being the oldest member of the county bar, 
though not the oldest man. His library, which he was collecting all through his 
life, number 11,000 volumes, being one of the best in quality and largest in 
quantity of any private collection in the State. He was a member of several 
historical societies, — a vice-president of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, 
and was considered an authority on American history, especially that of Western 
Pennsylvania, and the Ohio Valley. He compiled and published "Illustrative 
Notes to Journal of Colonel John May, of Boston, 1788-89"; "Christopher 
Gist's Journal, Notes and Biographies" ; "An Appendix of Illustrative Notes to 
Colonel Smith's Narrative of Captivity with the Indians, 1755-59." H^ ^^^o 
prepared a great number of historical papers and genealogical sketches which 
were published by others in various publications. 

Edith, daughter of William H. and Mary Carson (O'Hara) Darlington, was 
born at "Guyasuta", Allegheny county, Pennsylvania. She was educated at 
the Pittsburgh Female College and the School of Design. In 1891 she married 
Samuel A. Ammon, born in Pittsburgh, son of August Ammon, who was the 
first of his family to come to the United States. He was a native of Germany. 
Mr. Ammon is a lawyer practicing in Pittsburgh. 

In patriotic lines Mrs. Ammon works through the Society of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution, and has been Regent of the Pittsburgh chapter ten 
years, 1899 to 1909. The Pittsburgh Chapter has always been a working body 
and has accomplished a great deal in the way of arousing public patriotic spirit, 
in preserving historical landmarks, and retaining them as permanent monuments 
of the "days of yore". Perhaps the most notable of all their achievements was 
the purchase of the old historic "Block House" at the Point, after its doom had 
been pronounced by man. To do this they were compelled to become an in- 
corporated body, but the "Block House" was saved. In all this work Mrs. Ammon 
has borne an important part. In Church connection, she is a member of Cal- 
vary Episcopal Church, East End, Pittsburgh. 

Captain John Wilkins, father of Nancy (Mrs. Major Ebenezer Denny) was a 
son of John and grandson of Robert Wilkins, the emigrant ancestor, who emi- 
grated from Bradenoch, Wales, where his family had been seated since the con- 
quest of that country by Edward III, of England. He was descended from 
Robert de Wintonia, which modernized is Robert of Winchester, and his son 
John, first bore the name of Wilcolyne or Wilkyn. Early in the eighteenth cen- 
tury, the Welsh family resumed by legal process the name of their ancestor de 
Winton. The arms of the Wilkins family are thus emblazoned : per pale or and 
argent, a wyvern vert. Crest: a wyvem proper; mottoes; Estote prudents, and 
Syn ar dy Hun. Of Robert the emigrant. Captain John Wilkins says in a 
manuscript biography he left, dated 1807 : 

DENNY 885 

"My grandfather, a native of Wales, in Great Britain, came early to this country 
(America) ; he landed in Pennsylvania, then a wilderness, he took up and settled a tract 
of land where the City of Philadelphia now stands. After living there some time, he 
sold his title for a beaver hat, then took up and improved the tract of land where the 
sign of the buck now is, ten miles from Philadelphia, on the Lancaster road. He sold out 
there and moved further on, taking the course of what is now called Hawes Ferry, taking 
up and selling tract after tract, until he settled on a tract about fourteen miles northward 
of where Lancaster now stands. There he lived some time, then left that tract to my fath- 
er, he moved on, settling several tracts until he settled a tract where Carlisle now stands. 
Gave that tract to another of his sons then moved on in the old way towards Patomick 
and died in Virginia." 

John Wilkins, son of Robert, the emigrant, and father of Captain John, 
was born at his father's settlement on Chiques Creek. He was extensively en- 
gaged in the Indian trade, and took an active part against Maryland during 
Cresap's "boundary war." An offer of fifty pounds by the Maryland authorities 
for his arrest resulted in his capture and imprisonment at Annapolis for a 
year; he died in 1741. His wife lived to be eighty-four, and died at the home 
of her son. Captain John, in Pittsburgh. 

We quote again from the manuscript of Captain John Wilkins: 

"I was born in Donegall township, county of Lancaster, and Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania, about thirteen miles from Lancaster (June 1st. 1733, authority. T. J. Brereton), 
educated in the principles of the Presbyterian Church. My father died when I was a little 
boy. When a proper age I was bound apprentice to the saddler trade in Lancaster, When 
free I took possession of my father's tract of land in Donegall. I had four sisters who 
had shares. I bought them out, married there, and had three children born there, my 
son John being the first born. Two Presbyterian congregations being within my bouna^, 
the one called the Old Light and the other the New Light, joined and paid them both.*" 

In 1763 he removed to Carlisle, and ten years later to Bedford, Pennsylvania, 
engaging in mercantile life in both places. At the outbreak of the Revolution 
he organized a company of Associators, and in 1776 was commissioned a captain 
in the Continental service and fought at Brandywine and Germantown. He was 
a member of the Convention of July 15, 1776, from Bedford county. In No- 
vember, 1783, he removed to Pittsburgh, opened a store at the northeast corner 
of Fourth and Wood streets, and upon the organization of Allegheny county 
was appointed one of the Associate Judges of the court. He served as member 
of the Supreme Executive Council in 1790; was Chief Burgess of Pittsburgh; 
Commissioner of Public Buildings and County Treasurer, from 1794 to 1803. 
He died in Pittsburgh, December 11, 1809. 

Again we quote from his manuscript : 

"In the winter of 1766-67 I received a captain's commission from General Washing- 
ton with orders, if accepted, to enlist a company of men and join the army of the United 
States. I accepted the commission, recruited, and in a short time enlisted sixty-four men. 
I then made a vendue, sold my land, my store in Bedfordtown. Attended by my son 
John, and all my stock and furniture, except my team, one riding horse and some light 
furniture, which I carried in my wagon, then set out with my family towards General 
Washington's headquarters, with my sixty-four men, two lieutenants, one ensign, togeth- 
er with twenty-two deserters. Out of my own money I paid the bounty and monthly 
wages, also their rations, together with the deserters until I arrived at Carlisle, where 
I first began to draw rations. But continued paying my men and officers monthly wages 
until the latter part of August following when our army lay in Wilmington. I settled up 
my accounts and there received all the money I had laid out for my company, together 
with my own pay. which amounted to a very large sum. During the time I was recruiting, 
I paid eight dollars for each deserter brought to me and the mileage, found them in ra- 
tions and other necessaries until I arrived at Carlisle, there I began to draw their ra- 
tions, from thence took them to camp, and then sent them to their respective regiments; 
for this great expense I never received a cent." 

886 DENNY 

He tells how his fortune was swept away by the depreciation of the Conti- 
nental currency, of his efforts and final settlement with his creditors and his 
years of struggle to retrieve his fortunes; of his arrival in Pittsburgh, and his 
efforts to better business conditions there ; of his efforts to establish a Presbyter- 
ian congregation and the erection of the first log church. He says: 

"At the first establishment of the church I was ordained one of the elders, and still 
continue in that station. I was also voted in one of the trustees of the church, and at 
every election since I have been continued in that station, and a very great part of the 
time president of the trustees." 

He was twice married. Each wife bore him eleven children, twenty-two in 
all. We quote: 

"Mark, I never got a shilling of fortune with either of my wives, yet ever since 
my first marriage to this day, I have lived happy with them and God hath blessed me 
with plenty to keep my children until they were able to provide for themselves." "A strong 
trait of his character," says Brereton, "was his devotion to his numerous children. His 
daughters were his especial pride, and despite the large number of them, it is said that he 
could not bear to have young men, no matter how bright their prospects, come a wooing. 
As the girls were bright and attractive, it is to be supposed that he had his own trou- 
bles on that score." 

His eldest son, General John Wilkins, was born in 1761, and died in Pitts- 
burgh in 1816. He lived in Carlisle and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. When a 
boy he entered the Revolutionary army and came with sword and epaulettes. He 
served throughout the war and ranked as captain. He succeeded General James 
O'Hara as quartermaster-general in the United States army. He was the 
first president of the Pittsburgh Branch of the Bank of Pennsylvania. 

Another son of Captain John Wilkins was William Wilkins, born 1779. died 
June 23, 1865; he was U. S. Senator, 1831-4; Minister to Russia, 1835; Con- 
gressman, 1843-44; Secretary of War, 1844-45; Judge of the United States Dis- 
trict Court for Western Pennsylvania; first president of the Bank of Pitts- 

Nancy Wilkins, wife of Major Ebenezer Denny, was a sister of General John 
and of Judge William Wilkins. They were all children of the first wife of Cap- 
tain John Wilkins. 


James Crossan Chaplin is a lineal descendent of two famous Revolution- 
ary officers — General John Neville, of Virginia, and Major Isaac Craig, who 
married the General's only daughter, Amelia. Both ancestors were intimately 
identified with the early development of the city of Pittsburgh, where the 
names Craig and Neville are "Open Sesame". Their descendants in each gen- 
eration have been men of mark in the army and navy of the United States, in 
business, letters, art, church and state. General Presley Neville, son of General 
John Neville, was an aide on the staff of General Lafayette. Henry Knox 
Craig, son of Major Isaac Craig, was a veteran officer of the War of 1812, and 
fought in the war with Mexico, retiring with the rank of brevet brigadier- 
general. His son. Lieutenant Presley O. Craig, was killed at the first battle of 
Bull Run, in 1861. Another of the sons, Benjamin F., was head of the chemical 
department of the surgeon-general's office at Washington. Neville B. Craig, 
another son of Major Isaac Craig, was a statesman and the historian par ex- 
cellence of his home city, Pittsburgh. He is the man who figured thus in the 
report of an investigating committee of the Pennsylvania legislature : "Every 
member, with the single exception of Craig of Allegheny, all had used his share 
of this plunder". His son Isaac was an author and historian, vice-president of 
the Pennsylvania Historical Society, and spent his whole life in research and 
study. Isaac Eugene Craig, a grandson of Major Isaac Craig, was a noted artist 
and portrait painter. John Huntington Chaplin was an early attorney of Pitts- 
burgh ; his son. Lieutenant William Craig Chaplin, had a brilliant naval career 
in the United States Navy from 1826 to 1851, and his son. Lieutenant-com- 
mander James Crossan Chaplin, was also an officer of the navy, 1850-1866, 
of whom it was said : "For daring and cool bravery in the performance of his 
duty, he was not surpassed by any other in the service". There have also been 
bankers, manufacturers, business and professional men of prominence in each 
generation. William Chaplin of the third generation in America was also a Rev- 
olutionary soldier. 

General John Neville was born in Virginia, July 24, 1731, died near Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, July 29, 1803, where he was buried in Unity churchyard. 
He was a son of Richard Neville, of Virginia, and his wife, Ann (Burroughs) 
Neville, a cousin of Lord Fairfax. His military record is as follows : Novem- 
ber 12, 1776, lieutenant-colonel Twelfth Virginia Regiment; December 11, 1777, 
colonel. Eighth Virginia Regiment; September 14, 1778, transferred to the Fourth 
Virginia Regiment, and served with it until the close of the war ; September 30, 
1783, he was brevetted brigadier-general. H^ was a delegate to the Provincial 
Convention of Virginia, that appointed George Washington, Peyton Randolph and 
others to be members of the First Continental Congress. In 1791, he was inspector 
of revenue for the Fourth Pennsylvania Survey during the Whiskey Insurrection. 
His home, where he died, was in Neville township, Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania. His religious belief and life may be best expressed in this fact : "He 


built at his own expense the first Episcopal church west of the Allegheny Moun- 

General John Neville married Winfred, daughter of Colonel John and Anna 
(Conway) Oldham, of Virginia, granddaughter of Colonel Samuel and Eliza- 
beth Newton Oldham, of Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, and great-grand- 
daughter of John and Anna (Conway) Oldham, who came from England to 
Virginia in 1635. She had six brothers who were officers in the Revolutionary 
army, one of whom was killed at the battle of Eutaw Springs. Her marriage 
with General John Neville was solemnized in Winchester, Virginia, in August, 
1754, and must have been a very happy one. We quote from the general's last 
will and testament : "My body I desire if I should die in any place convenient 
to the tomb of my loving wife, to be buried by her side, that in all humility 
praying, that as we have lived in perfect unity and happiness, we may together 
have a part in the resurrection of the just". Two children were born of this 
perfect marriage: General Presley Neville, who became a noted citizen of 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Amelia, who became the wife of Major Isaac 

Major Isaac Craig was born at Ballykeel, Artfinny, near Belfast, Ireland, 
died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 14, 1826, and was buried in the First 
Presbyterian Church burying ground. He came to America in 1765 or 1766, 
landing near Philadelphia. He was a house carpenter and worked at his trade, 
becoming a master builder. He continued in business until the breaking out 
of the Revolution. He at once devoted himself to the cause of the colonies and 
enlisted in the navy. In November, 1775, he was commissioned lieutenant of 
marines (probably the first ever appointed in our navy) and was on the ill- 
fated "Andrew Doria", then commanded by Nicholas Biddle. He served on 
the ship ten months, forming a part of Commodore Hopkin's squadron cruising 
in the West Indies. John Paul Jones was an officer engaged in this expedition. 
In 1776 he was promoted to captain of marines, and ordered to the infantry 
service with the land forces. He was with Washington at the "Crossing of the 
Delaware", and in the battle next morning at Trenton, New Jersey, also at 
battle of Princeton. March 3, 1777, he was transferred to the artillery, under 
Colonel Thomas Proctor. He remained with that regiment until the close of 
the war, in command of a company, ranking as captain of artillery. He was 
engaged at the battle of Brandywine, where he received a slight wound, but the 
next month was in the engagement at Germantown. He spent the winter of 
1777 with the army at Valley Forge, and early in the spring was ordered to Car- 
lisle, Pennsylvania, with several other officers, to "learn the art of laboratory", 
which meant the scientific preparation and testing of ammunition for the army. 
He was at Carlisle until August, 1778. In April, 1779, he was in command of 
the fort at Bellingsport, on the Delaware. In July, 1779, he was with General 
.Sullivan's army on the expedition against the Indians of the Six Nations, and 
their white allies, the British Tories, under Brandt and the Butlers, who were 
devastating the Genesee Valley of New York state. He spent the winter of 
1780 with Washington's army at Morristown, New Jersey; April 20, 1780, was 
ordered to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, by General Washington, which point he 
reached on May 29, and hereafter that city was his home. He was connected 
with the movements of troops under General Clarke, and on October 7, 1782, 


was promoted to the rank of major. Until the close of the war, Major Craig 
was on duty often perilous in the extreme. When mustered out of service 
he formed a partnership with a brother officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Stephen 
Bayard, to engage in commercial business in Pittsburgh, also to deal in lands 
and town lots. They bought of the Penns the first land sold within the limits of 
what is now Pittsburgh, January 22, 1784. From this time on until his death 
he was in active business and public life. He was deputy-quartermaster and 
military store keeper, superintendent of the erection of forts at diiTerent points, 
built boats, and with General O'Hara established the first glass blowing plant in 
the Pittsburgh district. In the War of 181 2 his services were again in demand 
by his country as an expert artilleryman. This was his last public employment. 
He became reduced in circumstances through endorsing for others and had to 
sell all his real estate. In the autumn of 1815, he removed to a good farm on 
Montour Island, in the Ohio river, owned by his wife, and here he passed his 
last days in comfort. He was a Presbyterian, and one of the first trustees of 
the First Church of Pittsburgh. His son pays this tribute to his father: "A 
sincere Christian, an honest man, a faithful diligent officer, a good citizen, a kind 
neighbor, an affectionate husband, and a most indulgent father". 

Major Isaac Craig's wife was Amelia, only daughter of General John Neville, 
whom he married, January i, 1785. They were the parents of thirteen children, 
three of whom died in infancy, and will not be named here: 

Harriet, see forward ; 

Neville B.. a graduate of Princeton College, a gifted lawyer, and famous as a local 
historian ; city solicitor of Pittsburgh ; owner and editor of Pittsburgh Gazette, the 
first daily of the city ; member of the state legislature, the First Presbyterian 
Church, the Antiquarian Society, and many others. His wife was Jane Ann Ful- 
ton, whom he married, May i, 181 1, and had issue; 

Matilda (Mrs. Reese E. Fleeson) ; 

Presley Hamilton, surgeon, U. S. A., and medical director of the army in Mexico un- 
der General Zachary Taylor ; 

Henry Knox, entered U. S. A. as second lieut., March 17, 1812, fought at Fort 
George and Stony Creek, Canada, and rose to rank of major; he rendered distin- 
guished service during the Mexican War at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma and 
Monterey, rising to rank of colonel. He was retired in 1863, and for long and 
faithful service was brevetted brigadier-general ; 

John, d. unm. ; 

William, d. in youth ; 

Isaac Eugene, lieutenant U. S. regular army ; fell in a duel with Lieut. Maul ; both 
fell with the first shot; 

Oldham G., a banker of Pittsburgh, died suddenly at Cologne, Germany. His son, 
Isaac Eugene Craig, was the famous artist and portrait painter previously referred to ; 

Amelia, never m. 

Harriet Craig, eldest child of Major Isaac and Amelia (Neville) Craig, was 
born in old Fort Pitt, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, December 25, 1785, died May 
29, 1867. She married John Huntington Chaplin, an attorney of the city, who 
died at Pensacola, Florida. The issue of this marriage was a son, William 
Craig Chaplin, see forward, and a daughter Amelia. 

The first of the Chaplin family, of record in America, is the emigrant, Benja- 
min Chaplin, who was born in England in 1687. He was married at Maiden, 
Connecticut. He was of Lynn, Massachusetts, and later settled in Pomfret, 
Connecticut, where he and his wife are buried. The date of his coming to 
America is not recorded. He had issue among whom was a son William. 

William Chaplin, son of Benjamin Chaplin, was of Mansfield, Connecti- 


cut. He married Esther, daughter of Ebenezer Holbrook, of Pomfret, Con- 
necticut. Two children are named in the records: Molly, born April 28, 1759; 
William, born May 22, 1761. 

William Chaplin, son of WilHam and Esther (Holbrook) Chaplin, was 
born May 22, 1761. He was a soldier of the Revolution, a private of the Sixth 
Battalion, Wadsworth's Brigade, Fourth Company, Colonel Chester command- 
ing, 1776. This battalion was raised at Windham, Connecticut, June 17, 1776, 
to reinforce Washington at New York. They were at Flatbush, Long Island, 
August 26, and at White Plains, October 28, 1776. They were with the army at 
the battle of Trenton, New Jersey, but were not engaged. They served until 
December 25, 1776. 

William Chaplin married (first) Amanda Sarah, daughter of Colonel Jabez 
and Judith (Elderkin) Huntington, of Norwich, Connecticut. William Chap- 
lin at one time was a resident of Pittsburgh (Allegheny), where his wife Amanda 
Sarah died. He afterward removed to Bethel, Vermont. William Chaplin mar- 
ried (second), March 2, 1820, Polly McKinstry, "a fair widow". 

John Huntington Chaplin, son of William and Amanda Sarah (Hunt- 
ington) Chaplin, was born in Windham, Connecticut, October 6, 1783. He was 
a graduate of Yale College. He came to Pittsburgh in 1805. He studied law 
under the Hon. Henry Baldwin and was admitted to the Allegheny county bar, 
November 15, 1808. In the first directory of Pittsburgh, published in 1815, he 
appears as an "Attorney at Law, Water St., between Redoubt Alley and Ferry". 
On March 28, 1809, he married Harriet, daughter of Major Isaac and Amelia 
(Neville) Craig, of previous mention. John H. Chaplin was at one time wor- 
shipful master of the Pittsburgh Lodge, No. 45, Free and Accepted Masons, 
chartered December 7, 1785. He removed to Florida where he attained high 
rank in his profession and received the appointment of circuit judge of the 
United States court. He died of yellow fever at Pensacola, Florida, August 24, 
1822. His wife and two children William Craig Chaplin and Amelia Chaplin 
survived him. 

William Craig Chaplin, only son of John H. and Harriet (Craig) Chaplin, 
was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, April 11, 1810, died in the officers' quar- 
ters at the Charlestown navy yard, Boston, Massachusetts, April 25, 1856. He 
entered the naval service of the United States in 1826, and served continuously 
until 1851, attaining the rank of lieutenant. He married, February 8, 1833, 
Sarah J. Crossan, born in Pittsburgh, January 14, 1813, daughter of James and 
Nancy (Morrow) Crossan. The eight children of William Craig and Sarah J. 
(Crossan) Chaplin were: 

James Crossan, see forward ; 

Amelia Neville, d. aged 17; 

Annie C. (Mrs. George A. Q. Miller, of Pittsburgh, North Side), still living; 

William Huntington, d. unm. ; 

Presley Neville, m. Josephine Wheaton ; both deceased. 

John M., b. navy yard, Memphis, Tennessee; unm.; resident of Neville Island, Pitts- 
burgh, Pa., where he lives a retired life in his spacious mansion, after an active 
business life in Pittsburgh; for twenty-five years was manager of the Pittsburgh 
Clearing House ; 
Melchior Beltzhoover (see forward) ; 

William Wilson, b. July 4, 1854, d. June 29, 1907; at the time of his death was secre- 
tary and manager of the Pittsburgh stock exchange ; was a highly respected and 
popular man of the city. He m. April 5, 1874, Annie M. Knox, and had issue : 
George Knox, Ethel Barr, Melchior Cooper and John Bryan. 


James Crossan Chaplin, eldest child of Lieutenant William Craig and Sa- 
rah J. (Crossan) Chaplin, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 14, 1836, 
died at sea, September 23, 1866, was buried at Bridgetown, Barbadoes, West In- 
dies, the next day, in St. Leonard's churchyard. He entered the naval service of 
the United States, October 4, 1850, and spent the remaining sixteen years of his 
life in his country's service, twelve of these being passed at sea. At the time 
of his death he was the executive officer of the "Monocacy", a steam sloop of ten 
guns. He distinguished himself in the civil war by his bravery and daring, ris- 
ing to the rank of lieutenant-commander. Secretary of the Navy, Gideon 
Welles, said to him in a letter written after his gallant conduct at Matthias 
Point, in June, 1861 : "The Department highly appreciates your brave and heroic 
bearing on the trying occasion, and I am happy to communicate to you the 
compliments extended, by sending you an extract of your commander's report 
as follows: 'In the hour of danger his presence of mind never forsook him. Cool 
calm and courageous, he was of such stuff as heroes are made. On the social 
side his many virtues shone to equal advantage. He was one of nature's noble- 
men, and not one of the large circle who shared his friendship, will ever forget 
his genial ways and warm heart'". (See page 400, "Farragut and Our Naval 
Commanders"). He married Martha Harris, who is still living. Three chil- 
dren were born to them: Virginia S., James Crossan, see forward, Mary C. 

James Crossan Chaplin, only son of Lieutenant-Commander James Cros- 
san and Martha (Harris) Chaplin, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Sep- 
tember 7, 1863. His father died when he was three years old, leaving three 
children whose early lives were spent in Missouri. In 1879 Mrs. Chaplin re- 
moved with her children to Sewickley, near Pittsburgh, where James C. ob- 
tained a position in the Citizens' National Bank, resigning it later to take an ad- 
vanced one with the Fidelity and Trust Company, where he remained ten years. 
He was first teller then treasurer. Upon the formation of the Colonial Trust 
Company of Pittsburgh, he was chosen and appointed vice-president, which re- 
sponsible office he now fills (1909). He is connected with a number of im- 
portant business enterprises, and is a director of other financial institutions. He 
is a vestryman and treasurer of St. Stephen's Episcopal Church, and a member 
of the Pittsburgh Chapter, Sons of the American Revolution. He has served 
two terms in the Sewickley council, and is active in the local affairs of that bor- 
ough. Mr. Chaplin married Fanny, daughter of Colonel David Campbell. Mr. 
and Mrs. James Crossan Chaplin have two children : James Crossan Jr. and 
David Campbell Chaplin. 

Melchior Beltzhoover Chaplin, son of Lieutenant W'illiam Craig and 
Sarah J. (Crossan) Chaplin, was born on Neville Island, Neville township, Al- 
legheny county, Pennsylvania, September 19, 1852, died in Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, May 21, 1904. Upon reaching manhood he entered mercantile life as a 
clerk. In 1883 with Lewis B. Fulton he established the well known Chaplin- 
Fulton Manufacturing Company and began the manufacture of gas and steam 
fitting specialties. The business was very successful and later was incorporated. 
Mr. Chaplin was treasurer of the corporation until his death. Mr. Chaplin was 
a Republican in politics, but never took an active part in public affairs, being pre- 
eminently a business man. 

He married Kitty S., daughter of Andrew and Mary Ann (Houston) Craig 


(no relation of the Major Isaac Craig family), and had children: William 
Craig, see forward; Mary Craig (Mrs. Alexander M. Brooks), of Sewickley, 
Pennsylvania ; Sarah C. 

William Craig Chaplin, only son of Melchior B. and Kitty S. (Craig) 
Chaplin, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July ii, 1882'. He was educated 
in the Pittsburgh schools and at once entered on an active business career. Af- 
ter the death of his father he succeeded him as treasurer of the Chaplin-Fulton 
Manufacturing Company. Mr. Chaplin is a member of the Sewickley, Edge- 
worth and Allegheny County Country clubs of Sewickley, and votes with the 
Republican party. 

The first of this branch of the English Huntington family to emigrate for 
America were Simon and Margaret (Baret) Huntington, who were born in 
England. He died on ship board, off the coast of Massachusetts in 1633. 

Christopher Huntington, son of Simon and Margaret (Baret) Huntington, 
was born in England. He was on the ship with his father when he died, came 
to Roxbury, Massachusetts, in 1633, was of Norwich, Connecticut, in 1660, and 
died there June 28, 1706. He married Ruth Rockwell, of Windham, Connec- 
ticut, born in England, August i, 1663, daughter of William and Susan (Chapin) 
Rockwell, who were married in England, April 14, 1624. William Rockwell 
came to America in the ship "Mary and John" with one hundred and forty 
Puritan families. His family was of Norman origin, running back to Sir Ralph 
de Rockville, a knight of the tenth century. William's wife, Susan (Chapin) 
Rockwell, survived him and became the wife of another member of the colony, 
Matthew Grant, the ancestor of President U. S. Grant. 

Deacon Christopher Huntington, son of Christopher and Ruth (Rockwell) 
Huntington was born at Norwich, Connecticut, November i, 1660, died there 
April 24, 1735. He is said to have been the first male child born in Norwich. 
He was a large land owner and deacon in the church from 1695 to 1709. He 
married (first) May 26, 1681, Sarah Adgate, born in January, 1663, died in 
February, 1706, at Norwich, Connecticut. She was the daughter of Deacon 
Thomas and Mary (Bushnel nee Marvin) Adgate. Mary was a daughter of 
Matthew and Elizabeth Marvin, who were born in England, coming to America 
in 1635. Deacon Christopher Huntington married (second) Mrs. Judith (Ste- 
phens) Brewster. 

Colonel Jabez Huntington, son of Christopher and Sarah (Adgate) Hunting- 
ton, was born in Norwich, Connecticut, January 26, i6gi, died there Septem- 
ber 25, 1752. He was prominent in civil and military affairs. He married 
(first) June 30, 1724, Elizabeth, daughter of Timothy and Esther (Stoddard) 
Edwards. She was born in East Windsor, Connecticut, April 14, 1697, died in 
Windham, Connecticut, September 21, 1733. He married (second) May 21. 
1735, Sarah Wetmore, a widow, who died March 21, 1783. 

Colonel Jabez Huntington, son of Colonel Jabez and Sarah (Wetmore) Hunt- 
ington, was born in Windham, Connecticut, in 1738, died November 24, 1782. 
He was by profession a lawyer, a graduate of Yale College, class of 1758. Ife 
was a member of the Connecticut General Council in 1764-81 and high sheriff 
of Windham county in 1782. Colonel Jabez Huntington married, August 6, 
1760, Judith Elderkin, born March 2, 1743, died September 24, 1786, daughter 


of Jedediah, born 1717, died March 3, 1793, and Anna (Wood) Elderkin, born 
1721, married August 31, 1741, died June 14, 1804. Jedediah Elderkin was an 
attorney of Connecticut, a very prominent pubhc and business man. He was a 
member of the Connecticut Committee of Safety under General Trumbull, dur- 
ing the Revolution, and Colonel of the Fifth Regiment Connecticut Militia. He 
was one of the very first men to introduce silkworms into the state and success- 
fully manufactured silk. In December, 1775, "Liberty is given Judiah, Peter- 
kin and Nathaniel Wales to erect a powder mill in Windham" (see records of 
the General Council of Connecticut, 1775). This mill furnished powder for 
the use of the Continental soldiers until it was destroyed by explosion, December 
13' ^777- Jedediah descended from John Elderkin, born in England in 1612, 
who came to Massachusetts in 1637, to Connecticut in 1664, and died in Nor- 
wich, Connecticut, June 26, 1687, aged seventy-one years. His wife, whom he 
married in 1660, was Elizabeth, widow of William Gaylord, of Norwich, Con- 
necticut. Colonel Jabez and Judith (Elderkin) Huntington had a daughter 
Amanda Sarah, who married William Chaplin, and it was their son, John 
Huntington Chaplin, who married Harriet Craig, daughter of Major Isaac Craig, 
(see Chaplin). 


John W. Herron obtains his title to membership in the Patriotic Societies, 
from three Revolutionary ancestors, viz: Honorable Phillips White, of New 
Hampshire who was his maternal great-great-grandfather; William Anderson, of 
Ireland, who was his paternal great-grandfather; and Captain Stephen Hills, 
of New Hampshire, his maternal great-grandfather. The first mentioned an- 
cestor. Honorable Phillips White, was born in 1729, and died at Southampton, 
New Hampshire, August 11, 181 1. He was a patriot, who rendered his coun- 
try valuable service in framing and enforcing laws, in the legislative bodies of 
his state and Congress, and on the Bench. He was a member of the Provincial 
Congress of New Hampshire, held in Exeter, December 1775, which adopted 
on January 7, 1776, the first state constitution. He was a member of the 
Committee of Safety and of the New Hampshire State Assembly, of which 
body he was chosen speaker of the House. He was judge of probate for 
Rockingham county, New Hampshire, from 1776 to 1790. He was a member of 
the Convention that met at Concord, New Hampshire, June 10, 1778, and in 
1780 he was elected to Congress. He married Ruth Brown. 

Richard, son of Hon. Phillips and Ruth (Brown) White, married Sallie 

Sallie, daughter of Richard and Sallie (Stewart) White, married Dr. Rufus 
Hills, a son of Captain Stephen and Anna Hills. 

Louisa Jeanette, daughter of Dr. Rufus and Sallie (White) Hills, was 
born July 21, 1822, died December 21, 1903. She married Colonel William A. 
Herron, son of John and Clarissa (Anderson) Herron, October 23, 1843. (See 

The first of the Herron family to come to America settled in Lancaster couii- 
ty, Pennsylvania, from thence to Franklin county, and finally in Allegheny 
county, on land near and now part of the city of Pittsburgh (Herron Hill) 
the old Thirteenth ward. Francis Herron, whose line we follow was born in 
county Antrim, Ireland, and came to America in 1734, with brothers, David, 
William and James, and sisters Mary and Elizabeth. Their first home (for the 
family seem to have remained together), was at Pequea, Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, where they remained until 1745, when they settled on Herron 
branch, Franklin county, where Francis Herron married Mary McNutt, of a 
Scotch-Irish family of the county. Francis Herron (as were the others) was a 
farmer and cultivated large tracts of land. Mary McNutt bore him sons John 
(see forward), James, William and daughters Mary and Sarah. James Herron 
joined the Continental army and rose to the rank of major. 

John Herron, one of Pittsburgh's pioneer business men, was born April 3, 
1792, at Herron's branch, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, of Scotch-Irish ari- 
cestry, and died at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in May. 1863. He was the eldesi 
son of Francis and Mary ]\IcNutt Herron. John received as good an education 
as the day afforded. He worked on his father's farm and attended school in 


winter. In 1812 he left the farm and went to Pittsburgh, where he became a 
clerk for Ephraim Blaine, a large lumber dealer and manufacturer. After a 
few years close attention to business he bought out Mr. Blaine and began on 
his own account. He enlarged and extended his operations, added a brick 
yard, coal mining and shipping, contracting and building. With him was as- 
sociated his brother-in-law. Colonel James Anderson, son of Major William, 
also a most energetic and capable business man. The various lines comprised 
a very large and lucrative volume of business. In 1833 John Herron removed 
to a tract of land he had purchased and was developing as a coal mining propo- 
sition. The tract was at Minersville (Herron Hill) and is now a populous ward 
of Pittsburgh, (the old Thirteenth, now the present Fifth ward), but then far 
out in the country. He was an elder of the First Presbyterian Church of Pitts- 

John Herron married Clarissa, daughter of Major William and Mary A. 
(Cann) Anderson (see Anderson). The issue of this marriage was a family 
of nine. i. James A., died July 4, 1842, aged twenty-five. 2. William A., see 
forward. 3. John D., married Emma Thompson. 4. Richard G., a colonel in 
the Union army. His wife was Annette Tomlinson. 5. Francis J., the young- 
est Union major general in the Civil War. 6. David R., lieutenant of an Iowa 
Battery. 7. Mary Ann, married Rev. George A. Lyon, D, D.. of Erie, Penn- 
sylvania. 8. Eliza, married Richard Sill, of Erie. 9. Margaret D., married 
William C. Friend, of Pittsburgh. Mrs. John Herron, the mother of these 
children lived to an advanced age and died in May, 1873. 

William A. Herron, son of John and Clarissa (Anderson) Herron, was 
born at Pittsburgh (corner of Eighth street and Penn avenue) August 7, 1821. 
He received a good education and began his business life as a clerk in the dry 
goods store of A. Way & Company at Pittsburgh. He gave up his position then 
to go with his father in the coal business ; at the mines in Minersville. In 1864 
he became a member of the firm of Herron, Brown & Company, coal producers 
and shippers. Later he associated with his brother-in-law, Richard Sill, in the 
lumber business and had partnership interests in a brass foundry, glass manu- 
facturing, steamboats and barges, for the river coal trade. In 1855 he engaged 
in banking and was one of the organizers of the German Bank, now German 
National Bank. He cooperated in the formation of other of the city banks, 
notably the Iron City Trust Company, now the Second National Bank, The 
Third National and the Mechanics National. In 1862, with two others he se- 
cured a charter and organized the People's Saving Bank of which he was the 
first president. In i860 he was elected clerk of the Allegheny County Courts 
and re-elected in 1863, serving in the office six years, after which he engaged 
in the real estate business. In 1877 he admitted his son, John W., as a partner, 
and in 1883, another son, Rufus H., under the firm name of William A. Herron 
& Sons. Ill health kept him out of the army, but he was an intense LTnion man, 
and rendered such service as he could. At the time of Lee's invasion of Penn- 
sylvania,- Major General J. G. Barnard, Chief of Engineers. L^nited States 
Army, was sent to Pittsburgh to select site for fortification and defences for the 
city. Mr. Herron was a great assistance to him in locating the best sites and was 
warmly commended by letter for his services. He served on the staff of Gov- 
ernor Curtin, under the rank of colonel. In 1879 he was appointed pension 


agent at Pittsburgh by President Hayes. He was a member of the Select Coun- 
cil, serving from the fourth ward. He early became a communicant of the 
Presbyterian church and served the Third Church of Pittsburgh as trustee, dea- 
con and elder, and superintendent of Sunday school. He has on many occasions 
represented his church (Third Presbyterian), at Synod and Presbytery and in 1888 
was delegate to the Centennial General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church 
held at Philadelphia. He has had active official relation with many of the city's 
benevolent, educational and religious institutions, thus : vice-president of the 
Western Pennsylvania Hospital; vice-president of the Homoeopathic Hospital; 
vice-president of Dixmont Asylum for the Insane; president of the Blind Asy- 
lum of Western Pennsylvania; director of the Young Men's Home and mem- 
ber of the Young Alen's Christian Association ; President of the Presbyterian 
Union ; vice-president of the Scotch-Irish Society, and a director of the school 
board. His ancestry entitles him to membership in all the patriotic orders and 
he is an ardent member of the Sons of the American Revolution of which order he 
is an ex-president. He belongs to Pittsburgh Chapter. 

WiLLi.\M A. Herron married, in 1842, Louisa Jeannette Hills, daughter of 
Dr. Rufus and Sallie (White) Hills. She was interested in many good works, 
and of her it was written "She was the friend of every needy family." She 
was one of the organizers in 1865, of the Women's Christian Temperance 
Union, in Pittsburgh, and the first president. She was president of Association 
for the Improvement of the Poor, and of the Free Kindergarten Association. 
.Seven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. William A. Herron, three of whom 
died in infancy, i. James A. Herron, died in 1876. He was a civil war veteran 
and served on the staff of his uncle, General Francis J. Herron. James A. Her- 
ron, his wife and all their children are deceased. 2. Sallie A. Herron, married 
Ogden M. Edwards, of Pittsburgh; they have Ogden M. Jr., George D., and 
Ruth Edwards. A daughter Louise is deceased. 3. Rufus Hills Herron, mar- 
ried Jennie Shugart, of Titusville, Pennsylvania, and has Irwin, Edith and Paul 
Anderson. He is in the oil business in California, residing in Los Angeles. 4. 
John W., born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was educated in the city 
schools, Newall Institute and Western University of Pennsylvania. He began 
business life in an insurance office as clerk in 1868. In 1871 he entered the em- 
ploy of Zug & Company, iron manufacturers, as clerk. In 1877 he became a 
partner of William A. Herron & Sons, real estate dealers. In 1902 he with 
others organized the Commonwealth Trust Company of Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, of which he was the first and (in 1910) the present president. Mr. Herron 
in political and religious preference has not departed from the faith of his an- 
cestry. He is a deacon of the Third Presbyterian Church and a Republican. He 
belongs to many of the city's social and athletic clubs: the Duquesne, Pitts- 
burgh Golf, University, Greensburg Country and Pittsburgh Athletic. He is 
a member of Pittsburgh Chapter, Sons of the American Revolution. Mr. Her- 
ron married, January 25, 1894, Jane Ross, daughter of Washington and Mar- 
garet Ross, of Armstrong county, Pennsylvania. The children of John W. and 
Jane (Ross) Herron are: Ross, who died in 1900; Alice Virginia, jorn De- 
cember I, 1898; Dorothy, born October 26, 1901. 

Third line of descent of J. W. Herron, Captain Stephen Hills, of New Eng- 


land. He was a member of Captain Josiah Crosley's Company, Colonel John 
Reed's Regiment, New Hampshire troops, until August i, 1775. He was then 
transferred to the Artillery and served with Captain Papkin's Company in the 
New Hampshire Artillery Regiment, commanded by Colonel Richard Gridgley 
until September, 1775. In 1777 he served in Captain Moses Baker's Company, 
New Hampshire Volunteers, marched to Saratoga, where he participated in the 
battle there fought and witnessed the surrender of Burgoyne. Stephen Hills 

rose to the rank of captain. He married Anna . Dr. Rufus Hills, born 

in Amesbury, Massachusetts, son of Captain Stephen and Anna Hills, married 
Sallie White, granddaughter of Hon. Phillips White. (See J. W. Herron HI). 
Their daughter Louisa Jeannette, married Col. William A. Herron, and they are 
the parents of John W. Dr. Rufus Hills was a leading physician in Erie, Penn» 

Second line of descent of J. W. Herron: William Anderson, a soldier of the 
War of the Revolution, was born near Belfast, Ireland, in the year 1747, and 
died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1820. He came to America in the year 
1772, and settled at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. In 1776 he enlisted and was orderly 
sergeant of Captain Rippery's volunteer company, Colonel William Irwin's 
regiment, Pennsylvania troops. He marched with the army invading Canada, 
and was at the battle of Three Rivers. He was afterward transferred to the 
commissary department and commanded a wagon brigade and foraging parties 
under General Wayne. He rose to the rank of major and served with dis- 
tinction until the close of the war. He was with the patriot army at the cross- 
ing of the Delaware and the succeeding battle of Trenton, also with them dur- 
ing their privation and suffering at Valley Forge. He was a contractor and 
builder and after the war he journeyed westward. At Huntington and Bedford, 
Pennsylvania, he erected public buildings for the county. He also secured the 
contract for the erection of the first executive mansion (the White House) at 
Washington, D. C, the cornerstone of which was laid by the Masonic fraternity 
October 13, 1792. He settled in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the year 1797. 
He at once entered into active business life. He built and operated the first 
steam saw mill and the second steam grist mill, west of the Alleghanies. He 
dealt in lumber and logs, had a brickyard and erected many private and pub- 
lic buildings in the city and vicinity. In 1820 his health being gone, he re- 
moved to Mercer, Pennsylvania, where he had land interests. Here he died in 
182IT His wife was Mary A. Cann, who was born in Wales, and died in 1816. 
She came to America with her only brother, while the Revolution was in pro- 
gress. The brother at once joined the Patriot Army and was killed at the bat- 
tle of Brandy wine. The three sons of William and Mary A. (Cann) Anderson 
were William, Paul and James, all of whom served with credit in the war of 
t8i2. James inherited his father's ability, was a colonel and a noted philan- 
thropist of his day. He gave to Allegheny City the first public library, and was 
equally generous and public spirited in many other directions. Paul Anderson 
settled at Cincinnati, Ohio. The Pittsburgh family of Herron descend from 
Major William Anderson through the marriage of his daughter Clarissa Ander- 
son to John Herron. (See Herron). 


Henrietta Salisbury (Mrs. Thomas Evans), of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
her native city, descends in the fourth generation from the Revolutionary sol- 
dier, Henry Lane, of New Jersey. Henry Lane was born in Morris county, New 
Jersey, April 12, 1762, died at Wheeling, West Virginia, at an advanced 
age. He served out many terms of enlistment as a private of the Eastern Bat- 
talion, Morris county. New Jersey militia. The first enlistment was May i, 
1778, and his last service was at the battle of Springfield, New Jersey, in June, 
1780. His term of service was almost continuous. He was wounded in some 
of the engagements in which he participated, for which he received the pension 
alluded to. He married Mary Hazlett, born April 16, 1761. Children: Sarah, 
Patti and Elizabeth. Henry Lane was a son of Henry Lane, a sea captain, who 
died at sea three months before the birth of his son, Henry; he married Eliza- 
beth Rice; children: Mathias, Ishmael, Mary, Sarah, Henry. 

Elizabeth Lane, daughter of Henry and Mary (Hazlett) Lane, was born 
August 25, 1779. She married, in 1803, James Salisbury, in Morris or Essex 
county, New Jersey. James Salisbury was born in New Jersey, August 15, 
1774. He removed with his family to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1817. He 
did not remain long there, but located in Wheeling, Virginia (now West Vir- 
ginia), where he was one of the contractors that built the National Pike, run- 
ning from Washington, D. C, to Wheeling. James Salisbury and his wife are 
buried in the latter city. They were the parents of fifteen sons and daughters. 

James Salisbury, son of James and Elizabeth (Lane) Salisbury, was born 
in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, October 28, 1809. He came with his parents 
to Pittsburgh in 1817, that city becoming his permanent residence. He lived 
to be eighty-four years of age, dying in 1893. He retained to the last a vivid 
recollection of early events and customs, of how the pack saddle was relied on 
as a means of transportation, of when the road wagon and the stage coach was 
introduced and afterwards the canals and the railroads. In 1852 he was elected 
to represent his district in the Pennsylvania state legislature. In 1862 he was 
elected justice of the peace and served twenty-five years in that office. He was 
interested in the manufacture of glass, and was one of the pioneers in that bus- 
iness. He married, October 6, 1829. Lydia Gallagher, born in McKeesport, 
Pennsylvania, July 24, 1811, but came when very young to Pittsburgh, ever af- 
terward her home. Her mother, Lydia (Sanderson) Gallagher, was born in 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and her father, James Gallagher, near the Susquehanna 
river. There were nine children in the Salisbury family, all attendants of the 
Presbyterian church, among whom was Henrietta, see forward. 

Henrietta Salisbury, daughter of James and Lydia (Gallagher) Salisbury, 
was bom in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 15, 1851. She married, January 7, 
1875, Thomas Evans, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, October 5, 1842. He 
is a manufacturer of glass under the firm name of Macbeth, Evans Glass Com- 
pany, one of the noted institutions of Pittsburgh. Mr. and Mrs. Evans are 

EVANS 899 

the parents of two sons: i. Howard Salisbury, born January 29, 1876, he has 
two children: Thomas Raymond and Evelyn Fawell. 2. Thomas Raymond, 
November 18, 1878, he has three children: Margaret Gray, Raymond Flaccus, 
William Howard. Both sons are associated with their father. Mrs. Evans is a 
communicant of the Presbyterian church, as are all the family. She is a mem- 
ber of Pittsburgh Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. 


John Lyon, emigrant ancestor of William T. Lyon, emigrated from Eniskillen, 
county Fermanagh, province of Ulster, Ireland, to the province of Pennsylvania 
in the year of 1763. He was not the first of his family to come to America. 
His son William preceded him in 1750 and with his uncle, John Armstrong, 
laid out the town of Carlisle in 1751. William became a man of great promi- 
nence and influence and figured conspicuously in the public afifairs of his day. 
Prior to the Revolution he was a lieutenant of a Pennsylvania regiment, and a 
magistrate appointed by Governor John Penn in 1765. During the Revolution- 
ary period, William was a member of the Committee of Safety, prothonotary of 
Cumberland, county clerk, register and recorder of the Orphan's Court of the 
county. In 1779 he was appointed by the Supreme Executive Council to re- 
ceive subscriptions to a loan of twenty millions of dollars authorized by Con- 
gress. He died in Carlisle in 1809. John Lyon, the emigrant, on arriving in 
Pennsylvania, settled in Cumberland county, in what is now Mil ford township, 
Juniata county, about two miles west from Mifflintown. His warrant for a 
tract of land containing two hundred and seventy-three acres is dated Septem- 
ber 18, 1766. In 1773 the proprietaries granted to John Lyon, et al., twenty 
acres of land for the use of the Presbyterian church of Tuscarora, where he is 
buried. He died in 1780. John Lyon married, in Ireland, Mary Armstrong, 
sister of Colonel Armstrong, mentioned above, one of the prominent and pa- 
triotic Pennsylvanians of Provincial times. Mary Armstrong was a woman of 
bright intellect, remarkable intelligence and a fine conversationalist. She died in 
the year 1792 and is buried at Tuscarora. The issue of John and Mary (Arm- 
strong) Lyon: William, before mentioned, who married his cousin, Alice Arm- 
strong. James, married a Miss Martin. Samuel, married Eleanor Blaine, 
daughter of Colonel Ephraim Blaine; was colonel of the Fourth Battalion, Cum- 
berland County Militia and commissioner of purchases. John, see forward. 
Mary, married Benjamin Lyon. Frances, married William Graham. Margaret 
Alice, married Thomas Anderson. Agnes, unmarried. 

John Lyon, son of John and Mary (Armstrong) Lyon, was born in Ireland 
and came with the family to Pennsylvania in 1763. On the death of his father 
he came into possession of one-half of the homestead farm, his brother Samuel 
inheriting the other half by the will of their father, dated December 3, 1779. 
John resided on the farm for a time and then disposed of it to the Sterrett fam- 
ily. John Lyon removed to Butler county, Pennsylvania, where he died in the 
year 1820. His wife was Mary, daughter of Captain Thomas Harris. The 
issue of their marriage was: Thomas Harris, John, see forward, James, Mar- 
garet, Mary, Catherine and Nancy. 

John Lyon, son of John and Mary (Harris) Lyon, was born in Cumberland 
county, Pennsylvania, probably upon the Lyon homestead farm, now in Juniata 
county, in the year 1781. He was a farmer and settled in Butler county, proba- 
bly removing there with his father and family. The Lyon farm was at Glade 

LYON 901 

Mills, Butler county, Pennsylvania. John Lyon married Ann Harper, and their 
issue was : Gordon, Harris, George W., Harper, John, Catherine, Mary, Joseph, 
Thomas Wilson. 

George W. Lyon, son of John and Ann (Harper) Lyon, was born at Glade 
Mills, Butler county, Pennsylvania. He was a farmer, and a member of the 
Presbyterian church (Seceder). He was born in the year 1829 and gave up his 
life on a Southern battlefield, September 6, 1863. His occupation was that of a 
farmer. His political creed was Republican, and his religious belief Presby- 
terian (Seceder). Mr. Lyon enlisted in July, 1861, in Company I, First Pennsyl- 
vania Reserves (Cavalry), Colonel John P. Taylor's company, of which he 
was lieutenant. He was killed at Warrenton Junction, Virginia, while skirm- 
ishing against Moseby's guerrillas. He is buried in James Chapel churchyard, 
Gastonville, Pennsylvania. George W. Lyon married, in 1850, Louisa Crooks, 
born at Glade Mills, Butler county, Pennsylvania, in 1830, daughter of Samuel 
and Louisa (Priest) Crooks, Butler county residents. Mrs. Lyon now (1911) 
aged eighty-one resides in Pittsburgh (North Side), is active and enjoys good 
health. The children of George W. and Louisa (Crooks) Lyon are: 

John Mercer, auditor of Penn, R. R. Co., Pittsburgh, Penn. ; m. Essa Burgess, and 
has Ella, and Louisa, who m. Henry M. Pfahl ; 

Harris David, m. Grace Taylor, of Columbus, O. ; d. 1910; no children; 

Samuel George, traveling auditor Penn. Co. ; m. Cora Foster, of Steubenville, O. ; chil- 
dren : Cora Louise (Mrs. Thomas P. Richey), Elizabeth (Mrs. Howard C. Lake), 
of New York City, Virginia, Helen Margaret ; 

Lola. m. Edward McClure ; and has son, George Lyon McClure ; 

William Thomas, see fon.vard. 

William Thomas Lyon, son of George W. and Louisa (Crooks) Lyon, of 
Butler county, Pennsylvania, president of the Guardian Trust Company of 
Pittsburgh, was born in Gastonville, Washington county, Pennsylvania, October 
18, 1861. The residence of the family in Washington county was but a tem- 
porary one and they soon returned to Butler county, which has long been the 
home of a great many of the Lyon name. William T. was educated in the 
county schools, and is a graduate of Dufif's Business College, Pittsburgh. In 
the year 1884 he entered the employ of the Union National Bank, Pittsburgh, 
here he was continuously in service for twenty-two years, rising through the 
various grades of promotion to the position of assistant cashier. In the fall 
of 1906 he resigned his position with the bank to give his entire attention to the 
management of the Republic Manufacturing Company of which he was presi- 
dent. This company were brass founders and makers of machinery. On Janu- 
ary 12, 1909, Mr. Lyon was chosen president of the Guardian Trust Company. 
This office he now holds (1911). Mr. Lyon is a supporter of the Republican 
party. His church membership is with the Calvary Methodist Episcopal Church, 
Pittsburgh (North Side), of which he is a trustee. He was for some timu 
president of the Young Men's Christian Association and is now a director. He 
is treasurer of the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, and was for 
years its secretary. He belongs to the Duquesne Club of Pittsburgh and affili- 
ates fraternally with the Masonic order, belonging to Crescent Lodge, No. 576, 
and in the Scottish Rite has attained the thirty-second degree. Mr. Lyon is un- 


The Shaw family of Massachusetts, from whom Clara Horton Shaw (Mrs. 
Thomas Clifton Jenkins) descends, was founded in America by Ichabod Shaw 
in 1670. Through intermarriage they are connected with the King, Smith and 
Wardwell families, all of early settlement and English ancestry. The line of 
descent through these sources traces direct to John Rowland, who came over 
in the "Mayflower". The Revolutionary ancestor of Mrs. Jenkins is Mason 
Shaw, of Massachusetts, "minuteman", captain, and adjutant under General 

Ichabod Shaw was born in England, came to America in 1670, with wife 
and five children, settling in Weymouth, Massachusetts. Two children were 
born there. He served in King Philip's War in which he lost his life, shot dead 
at his own door, in the early morning by an Indian. Sons: Ichabod, Edward, 
Samuel, John and Benjamin. 

Benjamin Shaw, son of Ichabod Shaw, was born in Weymouth, Massachu- 
setts, in 1675. He removed to Raynham, where he built the old homestead, a 
little east of the house later built by his grandson. Mason Shaw, that still 
stands. His sons were : Benjamin, Jonathan, see forward, and Ebenezer, who 
all married and reared families. He had four daughters who married. 

Jonathan Shaw, son of Benjamin Shaw, was born March 28, 1700. He 
settled in Raynham, Massachusetts, on the same farm his house still stands on. 
He married Mercy Mason, March 21, 1726. Sons: Jonathan, John, Mason, see 
forward, and Gideon, all married and reared families. Daughters: Mercy, mar- 
ried Reuben Williams, Mary J., married Joseph Shaw, Susannah, married Bri- 
gadier James Williams. 

Mason Shaw, son of Jonathan and Mercy (Mason) Shaw, was born in the 
old Shaw homestead which still stands in Raynham, Massachusetts, June 15, 
1737, died September 26, 181 5. He served in the Revolution as minute-man 
and officer. He was at the battle of Lexington and the siege of Boston. He was 
a captain of the Third Bristol Company of Massachusetts troops and was ap- 
pointed adjutant at Cambridge under General Washington when he took com- 
mand of the Revolutionary army. He held that rank in the Bristol regiment 
on the march to Warren, Rhode Island, where he was in service on that occa- 
sion from August i to 17, 1780. He married, June 16, 1763, Mary, born May 
26, 1742, died October 25, 1839, daughter of Philip King, and granddaughter of 
John King, the English emigrant. Children: Hannah, born July 11, 1764, died 
May 27, 1840; Mason (2) January 23, 1767, died December 25, 1770; Jahaziah, 
January 8, 1769, died May 13, 1813; Mason (3), May 24, 1773, died November 
i860; Lloyd, see forward. 

Llo^T) Shaw, youngest child of Adjutant Mason and Mary (King) Shaw, 
was born in Raynham, Massachusetts, March 3, 1777. He was a deacon of the 
Raynham church in 1819. He married, in 1800, Abigail Smith, born July 21, 
1776. Children: Lloyd (2), see forward; Mason (4), born July 28, 1804, died 


September 19, 1805; Abby, March 20, 1806, died 1898; Seth, November 9, 1807; 
Fanny Smith, born July 17, 1812, died April i, 1899, married, June 14, 1838, 
Jacob C. Wells; John Mason, March 3, 1815. 

Llo\T) Shaw, eldest child of Lloyd and Abigail (Smith) Shaw, was born 
August 10, 1802, died in Kansas in 1886. He married (first) Susan P. Jencks, 
born March 12, 1806, died September 15, 1844. He married (second) Char- 
lotte Riordon, born October 20, 1801. Children by first wife: i. Frances, born 
April 24, 1826; married, September 15, 1847, John Gaston. 2. Henry, born Jan- 
uary 15, 1828; married, February 20, 1856, Eliza Holmes. 3. Ellen, born Jan- 
uary 10, 1830, died in 1832. 4. John, born October 6, 1831, died in 1832. 5. 
Nathan H., see forward. 6. Benjamin, born August 5, 1837 (twin of Nathant, 
died in 1837. 7. Horace, born July 22, 1840; married, December 9, 1869, 
Elizabeth Whillock. 8. Susan, born August 18, 1844, died the same year. 
There was no issue of his second marriage. 

Nathan Hastings Shaw, fifth child of Lloyd and Susan P. (Jencks) Shaw, 
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, August 5, 1837. He removed to Indiana. He 
married, June 22, 1865, Frances Elizabeth Horton. Children: Clara Horton, 
see forward, Ada and Frances. 

Clara Horton Shaw, daughter of Nathan Hastings and Frances Eliza- 
beth (Horton) Shaw, was born near Cincinnati, Ohio, December 20, 1869. She 
married Thomas C. (2), son of Thomas C. Jenkins, of Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, founder of the wholesale grocery house of Thomas Clifton Jenkins. He 
was graduated from Harvard University, class of 1892, and from Harvard Law 
School, LL. B., 1895. He is a member of the leading clubs of Pittsburgh, the 
Union University, Harvard, Duquesne, Country, Athletic, etc. Mrs. Jenkins 
is a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and various patriotic, 
literary and social organizations. Both are communicants of Calvary Episcopal 
Church of Pittsburgh. Children : Alfred Elliote, born March 29, 1897 ; Eliza- 
beth Eleanor, September 19, 1905; Katherine Horton, November 4, 1907, died 
October 21, 1908; Clara Horton, June 10, 1909. 

John Howland, born in England about 1590, came to America in 1620, one of 
the one hundred and one passengers of the "Mayflower". He became one of 
the noted men of the Plymouth Colony, member of the Governor's Council, and 
closely identified with the early church. He married Elizabeth Tilley. Chil 
dren : i. John, married Mary Lee, October 25, 1651, and settled in Barnstable, 
Massachusetts. 2. Jabez, see forward. 3. Isaac, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Vaughn, and settled in Middleborough, Massachusetts. 4. Joseph, married 
Elizabeth, only child of Thomas Southworth, and settled in Plymouth. John 
Howland was thirty years of age when he landed from the "]\Iayflower". He 
died in Plymouth, February 23, 1673, aged eighty yeBrs. His grave can be found 
in the old Plymouth burying ground. 

Jabez Howland, son of John and Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland, was born in 
1669, died October 17, 1732. He settled in Bristol, Massachusetts. 

Samuel Howland, son of Jabez Howland, was born May 4, 1686. He married 
Abigail Carey, May 6, 1708. Children: Samuel, born April 3, 1709; John, Sep- 
tember 27, 1713: Tabitha, married N. Carey Peckham ; Abigail, married (first) 
I. Church, (second) Benjamin Smith; Mehitable, married Stephen Wardwell ; 
Phoebe, see forward. 


Phoebe Howland, daughter of Jabez and Abigail (Carey) Rowland, was 
born March 9, 1720. She married John Wardwell, children: i. John, born 
June 19, 1742, married Hannah Swan. 2. Nathan, March 29, 1844, unmarried. 
3. Joseph, March i, 1747, married Betsey May. 4. Phoebe, see forward. 5. 
Susannah, January 18, 1751, married Daniel Gladding. 6-7. Mary and Eliza- 
beth, twins, January 6, 1753; Mary married (first) Sanford Munroe ; (second) 
Josiah Smith; Elizabeth married Jonathan Fales. 8. Samuel, April 28, 1755. 
married Lydia Wardwell. 9. Tabitha, November 25, 1757, married Samuel Bos- 
worth. 10. Daniel, March 29, 1763, unmarried. 11. Allen, March 11, 1765, 
married Abbey Smith. 

Phoebe Wardwell, fourth child of John and Phoebe (Howland) Wardwell, 
was born January 23, 1749, died September 23, 1840. She married James 
Smith, born March 3, 1745, and left ten children, seventy-two grandchildren, 
sixty-one great-grandchildren and two great-great-grandchildren. She could say 
"Arise my daughter, and go to your daughter for your daughter's daughter has 
a daughter". Children: i. Martha, born September 8, 1768, married J. Ward- 
well. 2. Phoebe, July 15, 1770, married David Andrews. 3. Eliza, March 21, 
1772. 4. Nathan, September 28, 1774, died 1775. 5. Abigail, see forward. 6-7. 
Nancy and James, twins, April 11, 1778, died young. 8. Nancy, July 30, 1779, 
married Joseph Gooding. 9. Rebekah, December 30, 1781, married Nathan 
Smith. 10. Mary, November 26, 1783, died September 6, 1797. 11. Allen, June 
6, 1787, married Lydia Wardwell. 12. Fanny, March 14, 1789. 13. Daniel, 
January 10, 1791, married (first) M. Robertson (second) H. Borden. 

Abigail Smith, fifth child of James and Phoebe (Wardwell) Smith, was born 
in July, 1776. She married "Deacon" Lloyd Shaw (see Shaw). She is a great- 
grandmother of Mrs. T. Clifton Jenkins. 

Richard Smith, the founder of this branch of the Smith family in America, 
was born near London, England, in 1642, settled in Boston, Massachusetts, in 
1673, moved to Bristol, Rhode Island, 1690, where he died aged fifty-four, in 
1696. Children: Nathaniel, Daniel, Samuel, see forward, Joseph and Mary. 

Samuel Smith, son of Richard Smith, was born June 24. 1683, died* 1766. 

Children: Benjamin, died in 1784; Eliza, married Lindsay, died 1744; 

Samuel, see forward; Sarah, died 1733. 

Samuel Smith, son of Samuel Smith, was born September, 1706, died in 1766. 
He married Eliza Brown. Children: EHza, married Dr. Benjamin West; Mary, 
married Daniel Diman ; Samuel, married Mary Compton ; Sarah, married Caleb 

Allen, of Providence, Rhode Island ; Elizabeth, married Ormsbee ; James, 

see forward ; Stephen. 

James Smith, son of Samuel and Eliza (Brown) Smith, was born May 3, 
1745, died June 20, 1826. He married Phoebe Wardwell, of Bristol, Rhode 
Island, and they were the parents of Abigail Smith, wife of Lloyd Shaw, the 
great-grandfather of Mrs. T. Clifton Jenkins. 

Mary King, wife of Mason Shaw, was of English descent, a grand-daughter 
of John King, who married, February i, 1700, and had Judith, Philip, see for- 
ward, John, Hannah, Isaac, Abigail, David, Jonathan, Josiah, Ruth, Benjamin, 
Mercy and Ebenezer. 

Philip King, son of John King, was born August 5, 1702, married (first) 
Abigail Williams, born 1708. Children: Abigail, born March 17, 1728, died 


1800; John, August 26, 1730, died 1814; Prudence, December 17, 1732, died 
1787; Hannah, November 28, 1734, died 1794; Alice, September 17, 1736, died 
1818; Philip, October 23, 1738, died 1823; Bathsheba, August 23, 1740, died 
1741; Mary, see forward; Bathsheba (2), March 20, 1744, died 1839; Rhoda, 
December 24, 1747, died young; Samuel, March 10, 1749, died 1770; Nathan, 
November 25, 1751, died 1756. Philip King married (second) Jemima Padde- 
ford. Children: David, born March 12, 1753, died 1779; Rhoda (2), October 
10, 1757, died 1815. 

Mary King, eighth child of Philip and Abigail (Williams) King, was born 
May 26, 1742, died October, 1839. She married, June 16, 1763, Mason Shaw, 
the Revolutionary ancestor of Mrs. T. Clifton Jenkins (Clara Horton Shaw). 

Mercy Mason, wife of Jonathan Shaw (see Shaw), was a daughter of John 
Mason, son of the founder, who fled from England during the time of Crom- 
well and was of Rehoboth, Massachusetts. John Mason was of Taunton, Massa- 
chusetts, and married Mercy Merrick. Mercy, daughter of John and Merer 
(Merrick) Mason, married Jonathan Shaw. 


The Colonial and Revolutionary ancestors of Robert P. Brodhead were men 
of note in civil life and valiant in war. They served from New England, Penn- 
sylvania and New Jersey. Through both paternal (Brodhead) and maternal 
(Easton) lines Mr. Brodhead traces this ancestry to England. His membership 
in the Patriotic Order Sons of the Revolution is derived from the mihtary ser- 
vice of his maternal great-great-grandfather, Colonel James Easton, who was of 
the fifth generation in America from Joseph Easton, the early emigrant. 
Colonel Easton's son Norman was also a Revolutionary soldier. On the pater- 
nal side Mr. Brodhead descends from Lieutenant Garret Brodhead, his great- 
great-grandfather (see forward). Captain Daniel Brodhead, father of Lieu- 
tenant Garret Brodhead, was a captain of New York forces engaged in Indian 
warfare, as was Captain Richard Brodhead, father of Captain Daniel, while 
Captain Daniel, the emigrant ancestor, was a captain in the British army in 
1664. Another famous soldier of Revolutionary times was Brigadier General 
Gerard Daniel Brodhead, brother of Lieutenant Garret (see forward). An- 
other Revolutionary ancestor was Captain Samuel Drake, father of Hannah, 
wife of Richard Brodhead (see forward). Andrew Dingman, a patriot sol- 
dier from New Jersey, was the father of Cornelia Dingman, the wife of Pri- 
vate Garret Brodhead. Isaac Newman, a private in the War for Independence, 
was the father of Charlotte Newman Easton, the mother of Ophelia and grand- 
mother of Robert P. Brodhead. This line of Colonial and Revolutionary descent 
opens the doors of membership to every patriotic order. 

Ancestors of the Brodhead family are said to have emigrated from Germany 
to England and settled in Yorkshire during the reign of Henry VIII. In the 
parish records at Royston, which are nearly perfect from 1530, the name is 
spelled "Brodhead" until about 1640, when it began to be written "Broadhead", 
as it is still spelled by members of the family in England. 

Captain Daniel Brodhead, ancestor of the American branch, was a kins- 
man of John Brodhead, of Benton (or Monk Bretton) West Riding, Yorkshire. 
Daniel was born in Yorkshire, England, and married Ann Tye, who survived 
him and had two subsequent husbands — Lieutenant William Nottingham and 
Judge Thomas Gaston, of Ulster county. New York. Ann (Tye) (Nottingham) 
(Gaston) Brodhead died in the year 1714. Captain Daniel Brodhead was with 
the expedition sent out from England in 1664 under Colonel Richard Nichols 
by the Duke of York to make a conquest of New Amsterdam and the other 
Dutch possession in New Netherlands. He was a captain of the British gren- 
adiers, was present at the surrender, and September 14, 1665, was commander of 
the British post at Esopus, near Kingston, Ulster county. New York, where he 
died July 14, 1667. Captain Daniel and Ann Brodhead had three sons: i. Dan- 
iel (2), born 1661, died in 1705. 2. Ensign Charles, born 1663, married Maria 
Ten Brock. 3. Richard, see forward. 

Captain Richard Brodhead, son of Captain Daniel and Ann Brodhead, was 


born at Marbletown, New York, in the year 1666, died in 1758. Little is satis- 
factorily known of this Richard. It is known, however, that he held a captain's 
commission in the Ulster county militia, in 1728, and it is likely that he was 
engaged in the Indian wars of that period. His wife was Magdalen Jansen, 
whom he married, April 19, 1692, by whom he had a son Daniel. Magdalena Jan- 
sen Brodhead died in 1701. 

Captain Daniel Brodhead, son of Captain Richard and Magdalena Brod- 
head, was born in Marbletown, April 20, 1693, died at Bethlehem, Pennsyl- 
vania, July 22, 1753. Daniel attained the rank of captain of the Ulster county 
(New York) militia, serving first as private and later as lieutenant. He re- 
moved to Pennsylvania in the year 1737, and bought one thousand acres of land 
at Stroudsburg, and was the proprietor of Brodhead Manor, Northampton 
county. He was a justice of the peace in Bucks county. He had been a mer- 
chant in Albany, New York, as early as 1726, and in 1730 was a "Licensed 
Trader" among the Indians. In Pennsylvania he built the town of Dansbury 
which was named for him. He was of the Moravian church. Captain Daniel 
Brodhead married, September 19, 1719, Hester Wyngart, baptized March 14, 
1697, daughter of Lieutenant Gerrit Lucas and his wife Sarah (Visscher) Wyn- 
gart. Eight children were born to Captain Daniel and Hester Brodhead: i. Thom- 
as Gaston, died at sea. 2. Garrett Lucas. 3. Richard R. 4. Ann Gaston. 5. 
Charles, born September 7, 1729; in November, 1755, he visited the aged Shaw- 
anese chief, Paxinos, in the Valley, who urged him to secure the allegiance of the 
Valley Indians ; his message was sent to the governor, and he empowered Charles 
Brodhead to visit the Indians of the Wyoming Valley and secure their friend- 
ship by the liberal use of presents, but before he arrived Teedyuscung had at- 
tacked the Delaware country and destroyed the Brodhead and Dupuy Plantation 
(see Pennsylvania Colonial Records, VI. 751-4, VII. 326-8). 6. Garret (2), see 
forward. 7. Daniel, see forward. 8. Luke, born 1737, died June 19, 1806. Luke 
Brodhead was another of this family numbered among the heroes of the Revolu- 
tion. He enlisted in the spring of 1776 as third lieutenant. First American Rifle 
Regiment, Colonel William Thompson commanding. He was appointed second 
lieutenant, October 24, 1776, in Major Simon Williams' regiment. He was 
wounded and taken prisoner at battle of Long Island. Later he was commis- 
sioned captain of the Sixth Pennsylvania Regiment under Colonel Magaw in 
Continental service. He retired in 1778 incapacitated by wounds recieved in 

battle. He married Elizabeth Harrison, of , Pennsylvania. One of their 

sons, Rev. John Brodhead, became an eminent divine of the ]\Iethodist Episco- 
pal Churcn. 

Lieutenant Garret Brodhead, sixth child of Captain Daniel and Hester 
(Wyngart) Brodhead, was born in ^Marbletown, Ulster county. New York, Jan- 
uary 31, 1733, died at Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, during the year 1804. He en- 
listed in the New York Colonial troops as sergeant, April 4, 1758, and was pro- 
moted lieutenant of the Second Regiment, Ulster county troops, in 1760. He 
located in Smithfield township, Northampton county, Pennsylvania, between the 
years 1770-72, as he was taxed there in the latter year, thus: "Garret Brodheaci 
£7 sio — and in 1785 £5 54 dS for six hundred acres land, five horses, seven 
cattle." He was in service on the frontier during the Revolution, and held a 
lieutenant's commission. Lieutenant Garret Brodhead married, March 15, 1759, 


Jane Davis. Children: John, Daniel, Richard (see forward), George, Eliza- 
beth (Mrs. Dr. Francis Joseph Smith), Rachel (Mrs. David Dills), Samuel, 
married Hannah Shoemaker. 

Brigadier General Daniel Brodhead, seventh child of Captain Daniel and 
Hester (Wyngart) Brodhead, was one of the famous heroes of the Revolution. 
He was born (probably at Albany, New York) September 17, 1736, died No- 
vember 15, 1809. In 1737 he removed to Pennsylvania, settling at what is now 
East Stroudsburg, Monroe county, where he grew up amid the wild surround- 
ings of the frontier, and where on December 11, 1755, he first met the Indians 
in warfare, when they made a fierce but unsuccessful attack on the Brodhead 
house. In 1775 he was of Reading, Pennsylvania, and deputy surveyor under 
John Lukens, surveyor-general of the province. In July, 1775, he was a delegate 
from Berks county to the provincial convention in Philadelphia, and early in 
1776 was lieutenant colonel of a rifle regiment with headquarters at Marcus 
Hook. Their orders were to support the American vessels on the Delaware in 
resisting British approach to Philadelphia by water. Later with his command 
he was sent to join the Continental forces in New York, and after the capture 
of Colonel Miles at Long Island the command of the remnant of the regiment 
fell upon Lieutenant Colonel Brodhead. He was home for a time on sick 
leave and rejoined the army as colonel of the Eighth Regiment. On the organ- 
ization of the army he was made colonel of the First Regiment, commission dat- 
ing from September 29, 1776, and later appears to have been commissioned bri- 
gadier general. He made many treaties with the Indians, transacted business 
with heads of the federal and state government, and in every respect proved him- 
self a man of ability, tact and courage. He was elected to the Pennsylvania As- 
sembly, and for eleven years, from 1789, was surveyor-general of the state. He 
married (first) Elizabeth Dupui ; (second) Rebecca, widow of General and 
Governor Thomas Mifilin, of Pennsylvania. 

Richard Brodhead, third son of Lieutenant Garret and Jane (Davis) Brod- 
head, was born at Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, July 31, 1762, died at Milford, 
Pennsylvania, November 11, 1843. He was the first of his family in direct 
descent from Daniel the American ancestor who did not bear a military title 
nor could not lay claim to service against the Indians or in the war of the Revo- 
lution. This was because of his youth and not from lack of the family spirit. 
He was, however, a captain of the state militia during the war of 1812-14. He 
has been described as "a man of splendid physique, over six feet tall and of a 
stern and serious character". He was sherifl: of Wayne county, Pennsylvania, 
in 1798, a member of the legislature in 1802-03, associate judge eleven years, 
revenue collector of Wayne and Pike counties in 1812-15; was postmaster sev- 
en years, major of the Second Battalion, Pennsylvania Militia, prothonotary 
of Pike county in 1821 ; county commissioner in 1835-36, and was county audi- 
tor. Richard Brodhead married, during the year 1790, Hannah Drake, born 
November 15, 1759, died July 31, 1832. She was the daughter of Captain Sam- 
uel Drake, a soldier of the Revolution. Captain Samuel Drake was lieutenant 
of Pensylvania Militia, May 22, 1775, and captain, December, 1776. There 
were eleven children born of this marriage: i. Sarah (Mrs. John Westbrook). 
2. Garret, see forward. 3. William, married Susan Coolbaugh. 4. Jane (Mrs. 
Moses S. Brundage). 5. Albert Gallatin, married Ellen Middaugh. 6. Anna 


Maria (Mrs. John Seaman). 7. Charles, married Mary Brown. 8. Rachel 
(Mrs. Dr. John J. Linderman). 9. Richard, married Mary Jane Bradford. 10. 
Elizabeth, died young. 11. Elizabeth (2), died in infancy. 

Garret Brodhead, eldest son of Richard and Hannah (Drake) Brodhead, 
was born December 2, 1793, died at East Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, January 
18, 1872. He served as a private in Captain Adam Hawk's second brigade, 
Pennsylvania militia, in the War of 1812-15. He was a farmer of Pike county. 
From 1850 until 1858 he held an important position in the civil administration 
of the navy yard at Philadelphia. Garret Brodhead married, November 25, 
1813, Cornelia Dingman, born October 3, 1797, died June 18, 1883, daughter 
of Daniel W. and Mary (Westbrook) Dingman. Their children were: 
I. Albert Gallatin, married Sally Ann Tolan. 2. Daniel Dingman, see forward. 
3. Andrew Jackson, see forward. 4. Abram Coolbaugh, married Cornelia M. 

Daniel Dingman Brodhead, second son of Garret and Cornelia (Dingman) 
Brodhead, was born September 6, 1818, died June 3, 1905. He was a prominent 
merchant of Mauch Chunk in Carbon county, and for twenty years actively en- 
gaged in mercantile life in Philadelphia, where he founded the wholesale boot 
and shoe house of Brodhead & Roberts. He married. May 6, 1847, Mary Ann 
Broderick, daughter of James and Elizabeth (Dougherty) Broderick, both born 
in Ireland, their children all being of American birth. Daniel D. and Mary A. 
Brodhead were the parents of a family of nine. His sons: Henry C, Albert G., 
Robert S., are large land and mine owners in Colorado, where the town of 
Brodhead is located, a town founded by them in the progress of their very 
large enterprises. The Brodhead properties are held by an incorporated com- 
pany of which Henry C. Brodhead is president, Robert S. Brodhead, vice-presi- 
dent, and Albert G. Brodhead, secretary and general manager, with principal of- 
fices at Denver, Colorado. 

Andrew Jackson Brodhead, third son of Garret and Cornelia (Dingman) 
Brodhead, was born in Northampton (now Pike county), Pennsylvania, May 6, 
1822. He received his early education in the common schools of the towns in 
which his parents lived, at the Dingman Academy, and a term at the Strouds- 
burg Academic School. He taught school one year, and in 1850 began working 
in Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, where he removed his family in 1851. From 1851 
to 1857 he was employed as clerk and bookkeeper, and for five years was in busi- 
ness with a partner, repairing cars used by the pioneer coal company of that 
region. About 1861 Mr. Brodhead began shipping coal for other producers, and 
in 1877 opened a general store at Hickory Run, Pennsylvania, where he lived 
until 1883. when he returned to Mauch Chunck. In 1884 he removed to Flem- 
ington, New Jersey, his present home. In 1868-69 he was treasurer of Carbon 
county, Pennsylvania, for several years he was school director of East Mauch 
Chunk, and served as justice of the peace. Andrew J. Brodhead married, De- 
cember 31, 1845, Ophelia Easton, born May 9, 1822, in Milford, Pennsylvania, 
died in Flemington, New Jersey, April 26, 1904. They were the par- 
ents of ten children: i. Calvin Easton, born in Pike county, Pennsylvania, 
December 27, 1846: married (first) December 6, 1870, Laura Clewell Leisen- 
ring, born at Mauch Chunk, August 9, 1848, daughter of Alexander William 
and Ann (Ruddle) Leisenring. They had Anna Leisenring, born November 


12, 1871 ; Emily Easton, born November 3, 1872; Alexander William, January 
I, 1874; married (second) at Oakville, Canada, Mary Lewis, who died March 31, 
1905. 2. Garret, born in Pike county, Pennsylvania, February 11, 1848; mar- 
ried, September 17, 1872, Annie Kocher, born in Mauch Chunk, August 25, 
1849, daughter of Conrad and Catherine (Wasser) Kocher. Seven children: 
Conrad and Andrew Jackson (twins), born July 19, 1873; Alonzo Blakeslee, 
December 26, 1875; Calvin Easton and Laura Leisenring (twins), born Septem- 
ber 21, 1878; Ruth Randall, born March 7, 1884; and Garrett, born January 3, 
1888. 3. John Romeyn, born in Pike county, Pehnsylvania, June 11, 1849; mar- 
ried, November 13, 1882, Mary Martha Holbert, born in Chemung, New York, 
March 22, 1858, daughter of Joshua Sayre and Catherine Van Houton (Ryer- 
son) Holbert. They had Henry Holbert, born September 29, 1883, and Arthur 
Sayre, born Noveanber 26, 1886. 4. James Easton, born in Pike county, Penn- 
sylvania, February 22, 1851 ; married, May i, 1877, Hattie Lochlin Boyd, born 
July II, 1852, daughter of Nathaniel and Jane (Curran) Boyd. They have 
Walter, born March 9, 1878; John Romeyn, born September 25, 1880; Frederick 
Moon, born July 31, 1883; and Nathaniel Boyd, born June 22, 1891. 5. Andrew 
Douglass, born in Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, August 17, 1852; married Mar- 
garet Lewis Martin, born January 15, 1859, daughter of Moses and Sarah Au- 
gusta (Lewis) Martin. They have Edith Easton, born November 3, 1879; 
Frank Martin, born February 5, 1882; Lewis Dingman, born October 5, 1884; 
Andrew Jackson, born October 3, 1886. 6. Charlotte Easton, born in Mauch 
Chunk, December 11, 1855; married, October 5, 1887, Franklin Clark Burk, 
born in Flemington, New Jersey, April 8, 1853, son of Peter Wilson and Clar- 
inda (Bellis) Burk. 7. Jean Struthers, born in Mauch Chunk, November 2t, 
1857; married, October 15, 1885, Charles Ashley Blakslee, born in Mauch 
Chunk, July 4, 1859, son of James Irwin and Caroline Jones (Ashley) Blakslee. 
They have Gertrude Easton, born June 21, 1887, and Ophelia Easton Blakslee, 
born January 9, 1895. 8. Robert Packer, see forward. 9. Emily Linderman, 
born in East Mauch Chunk, June i, 1862: married Frederick Moon, born Sep- 
tember 30, 185 1, son of Samuel and Matilda White Moon. They have Fred- 
erick Wiles Moon, born July 27, 1882. 10. Richard Henry, born in East Mauch 
Chunk. November 4, 1864; married, March 6, 1890, Jane Vanderveer Smock, 
born October 15, 1861, daughter of Daniel Polheim and Sarah Jane Smock. 
They have Estelle Smock, born November 26, 1890 ; Mary Ophelia, born April 
2. 1892; Jean Blakslee, born July 3, 1893, died July 27, 1893, and Richard 

Robert Packer Brodhead, eighth child and sixth son of Andrew Jackson 
and Ophelia (Easton) Brodhead, was born in East Mauch Chunk, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 12, i860. He was educated in the public schools of his native 
town at Wyoming Seminary, where he took a commercial course in 1879-80. He 
was first employed as a clerk in the lumber business at Hickory Run, below 
White Haven, Pennsylvania. In the/ fall of 1882 he went to New York, where 
he was a lumber salesman. In 1883 he began railroad construction contract- 
ing, and had charge of the Vosburg tunnel, completed in 1886. In the follow- 
ing year he became junior partner in the contracting firm of Brodhead & Hickey, 
1883-94, succeeded in the latter year by C. E. Brodhead & Brother, 1894-98, and 
now the Brodhead Contracting Company, of which Robert P. Brodhead is pres- 


ident. Since engaging in the contracting business he has had charge of the fol- 
lowing important works : Part of the Lizard Creek branch of the Lehigh rail- 
road ; a large part of the Lehigh Construction in New York, crossing the Genes- 
see river; the Rochester branch, a part of the Mountain cut off near Wilkes- 
Barre, all Lehigh railroad work, and Wilkes-Barre end of the Lackawanna and 
Wyoming Valley railroad (Laurel line), and rebuilt the Pittsburgh and Bes- 
semer railroad. He also built the stockyard of the Steel Company at Youngs- 
town, Ohio, the Palisade tunnel on the New York, Susquehanna and Western 
railroad. The other business connections of Mr. Brodhead are numerous and 
exceedingly weighty. He is treasurer of Paine and Company (Limited), 
Wholesale Meat and Oil, vice-president and director of the Kingston Deposit 
and Savings Bank, director of the Wilkes-Barre Deposit and Savings Bank, and 
has extensive lumber interests in Kentucky. 

Robert Packer Brodhead married. May 22, 1889, Fanny Vaughn Loveland. 
Children: i. Robert Packer, born in Kingston, Pennsylvania, April 11, 1890, 
died April 10, 1900. 2. William Loveland, born in Caledonia, New York, June 
10, 1891. 3. Lydia Hurlburt, born in Geneva, New York, June 11, 1893. 4. 
Mary Buckingham, born in Kingston, August 29, 1895. 5. Frances Loveland, 
born in Kingston, October 16, 1896. 6. James Easton, born in Kingston, Sep- 
tember 20, 1899. 7. Qiarles Dingman, born February 13, 1906. 


Persifor Frazer Smith, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is a lineal descendant 
in the fourth generation from Colonel Robert Smith, through whose distin- 
guished services to his country, his membership in the Patriotic Order, Sons of 
the Revolution, is gained. Robert Smith, the Revolutionary ancestor, was of 
Scotch descent. Little is known of the family prior to the emigration to Penn- 
sylvania further than the family name was MacDonald, and formed a part of 
the earliest Scottish emigration across the North Channel into Ireland in the 
time of James II of England. Near the end of the seventeenth century Robert 
Smith's grandfather lived in North Eastern Ireland. Just before the battle of 
the Boyne, as the soldier. King William III, was reconnoitering the locality, his 
horse lost a shoe. There was no farrier nearby to replace it, but MacDonald, 
who like many other farmers was something of a blacksmith, offered to repair 
the loss, shod the horse, and enabled the king to proceed. From this time his 
neighbors dubbed him "The Smith". He accepted the cognomen as MacDon- 
alds were plenty but Smiths few, and handed it down to be considered and 
used by his posterity as the family name. 

When religious persecution (that led to the Scotch-Irish emigration to Penn- 
sylvania) became unbearable, among the first to come over were the parents of 
Robert Smith, John and Susanna, who left their home in Ireland in 1720. Dur- 
ing the stormy and unusually long voyage Robert was born. After landing at 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the emigrants proceeded westward some thirty miles 
into Chester county, and settled in Uwchlan township in a locality long known as 
the "Brandywine Settlement". With her brother John came Mary Smith, who 
married William Fulton, from whom Robert Fulton, the famous inventor of 
the steamboat descended. 

Nothing is remembered of the early life of Robert Smith. His father John, 
born 1688, died December 19, 1765, and his mother Susanna died in 1767. The 
elder brothers left home and the homestead fell to Robert. "Sergeant" Robert 
Smith is reported in the records of the time as "going to Reading to be quali- 
fied", when in 1757 the war between the French and English made the Indians 
restless and called out large bodies of militia. His next appearance is in August, 
1775, when plans for the defense of Philadelphia from expected attack by wat- 
er, were being discussed. Robert Smith made a model of a machine for hand- 
ling the "Chevaux De Frise" that was to be sunk cross the channel of the Dela- 
ware river below Philadelphia where the channel was narrow enough to make 
this an effective method of defense. His plans were considered of such value 
that he was thanked by the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania in Au- 
gust, 1775. In June, 1776, the Council instructed him to take charge of and 
properly sink the proposed defenses. He remained in charge of the work 
about one year. Robert Smith was a man of considerable means, 
great energy and extensive influence. Recognizing the necessity of organizing 
and disciplining the troops, Chester county was furnishing the army, the Su- 



preme Executive Council appointed him lieutenant of Chester county with the 
rank of colonel. Previous to this appointment, however, he was a member from 
Chester county of the convention, which on September 28, 1776, adopted the 
first State Constitution of Pennsylvania. In his capacity of lieutenant of the 
county, Robert Smith had charge of raising, training and provisioning the mili- 
tary contingent of his district, and in every way possible, preparing the troops 
to take the field. This was a very responsible position as ways and means must 
also be provided, and in enforcing collections he naturally made enemies, who 
caused him some trouble in later years. He was sheriff of Chester county in 
1777-78. He was a justice of the peace a number of years after 1779. He held 
the important office of lieutenant of the county and that of justice until March 
21, 1786, when he retired from all public offices except "Trustee of the State 
Loan Office", which he retained another year. He served one term in the State 
Legislature in 1785. In the latter part of 1787 he retired to his farm, after 
twelve years of uninterrupted public life, covering perhaps the twelve most 
strenuous years in our Nation's history, certainly years to test character and 
prove men's worth. He is remembered as a man of upright and decided char- 
acter, but of winning manners, respected and confided in by his fellow-citizens. 
He was a staunch Presbyterian, an elder and a pillar in the church. He brought 
ap his family in the strictest, most approved Scotch fashion. 

His wife was Margaret, daughter of John Vaughn, of Red Lion, Chester 
<ounty, Pennsylvania. She died in Philadelphia in 1822, aged eighty-seven 
years. Of their sons Jonathan was for many years connected with the First 
and Second LTnited States Banks and with the Bank of Pennsylvania as cashier. 
John was an iron master owning Joanna Furnace. Joseph was an iron and ship- 
ping merchant of Philadelphia. Colonel Robert Smith was born at sea in 1740 
and died at his home in Chester county, Pennsylvania, in 1803. The children of 
Robert and Margaret (Vaughn) Smith: i. Emma (Mrs. Robert Porter). 2. 
Susanna (Mrs. Nathan Grier). 3. John, married Elizabeth Bull. 4. Sarah, un- 
married. 5. Margaret (Mrs. Samuel Kennedy). 6. Jonathan, married Mary 
Ann Frazer (see Frazer). 7. Robert, married Esther Kennedy. 8. Joseph, see 
forward. 9. Isaac, died in childhood. 10. Isaac, married Margaret Fleming. 
II. James. 

Joseph Smith, son of Colonel Robert and Margaret (Vaughn) Smith, was 
born September 24, 1770, died at West Chester, Pennsylvania, December 18, 
1845. He left home early in life, and in 1788 was clerk in a store at Pughtown, 
eight miles from his father's farm. In 1789 he was proprietor of a country store 
at Columbia, Pennsylvania, where he was appointed the first postmaster. He 
made a trip into Western Pennsylvania, with the engineer corps sent to lay out 
the town of Erie, Pennsylvania, and other towns on the then frontier. In 1796 
he is found in business in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, selling the product of the 
iron furnaces owned in the family. He later became a shipping merchant. His 
place of business was on the wharf, foot of Chestnut street. He was a friend 
of his cousin Fulton and owned an interest in the "Delaware", the steamboat 
Fulton built in 1816. He was very prosperous until the war of 1812-14, when his 
firm was unable to meet their obligations. In 1824 he retired from business and 
removed to his farm in Chester county. In 1840 he removed to West Chester, 
Pennsylvania, where he died. His wife was Mary Frazer, born January 14, 

914 SMITH 

1780, died May 23, 1862, daughter of Colonel Persifor and Mary Worrall (Tay- 
lor) Frazer. Mary Frazer was a sister of Mary Ann Frazer, wife of 
Jonathan Smith, brother of Joseph. Joseph Smith and Mary Frazer were 
married February 27, 1800. Their children were: Elizabeth Wright; Emma 
Vaughn, married Henry A. Riley; Marianne, married Stephen Harris; Persifor 
Frazer, see forward ; Martha ; Vaughn, married Mary Elizabeth Sheppard ; 
Rhoda Wright. 

Persifor Frazer Smith, eldest son of Joseph and Mary (Frazer) Smith, 
was born June 23, 1808, died May 25, 1882. He graduated from the University 
of Pennsylvania, finishing, what is now impossible, a college course at the age of 
fifteen. He studied law in the office of William H. Dillingham, and was ad- 
mitted to the Chester county (Pennsylvania) bar, November 3, 1829. In 1832 
he was appointed state attorney for Delaware county, Pennsylvania; May 2, 
183s, he was appointed clerk of the Orphans' Court for Chester county. From 
1861 to 1864 he was an elected member of the Pennsylvania State Legislature. 
In 1866 he was appointed reporter of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, and 
held that responsible position two terms of five years each. He was a learned 
and able lawyer. His thirty-two volumes of reports of the Supreme Court of 
Pennsylvania are considered to be among the best that have ever been made in 
the state. Death came upon him suddenly, while arguing a case in court. He 
was an elder of the West Chester Presbyterian Church. He married Thomasine 
Susan, daughter of Dr. George A. and Thomasine (Welden) Fairlamb, of Down- 
ingtown, Pennsylvania. The children of this marriage are: i. Rebecca Darling- 
ton (Mrs. Emmett Monaghan), of West Chester, Pennsylvania. 2. Mary Fraz- 
er, died in childhood. 3. Martha Frazer, died in childhood. 4. Joseph, died in 
childhood. 5. Lydia Valentine. 6. Mary Frazer (2). 7. Martha Frazer (2), 
died in childhood. 8. Persifor Frazer, died in childhood. 9. Persifor Frazer (2), 
see forward. 10. Beaton, died in childhood. 11. Emma Vaughn, died in child- 
hood. 12. Frances Burean. 13. Robert, died in childhood. 

Persifor Frazer Smith, son of Persifor Frazer and Thomasine Susan (Fair- 
lamb) Smith, was born April i, 1849. He was educated at Wyers Military Acad- 
emy, West Chester, Pennsylvania. He entered the employ of the Pennsylvania 
railroad as rodman in April, 1865, and remained in their service till April, 1880, 
having in that time reached the position of superintendent of the Bedford divi- 
sion. From April, 1880, till May, 1900, he was president of the Wellsville Plate 
and Sheet Iron Company of Wellsville, Ohio. Since the latter date he has 
been manager of the W. DeWees Wood department of the American Sheet Steel 
Company, which since January i, 1900, has been known as the American Sheet 
and Tin Plate Company. Persifor F. Smith married, December 3, 1873, 
Laura Gilpin Wood, daughter of W. DeWees and Rosalind (Gilpin) Wood, of 
Pittsburgh. She is a granddaughter on her father's side of Alan Wood, of Phil- 
adelphia, and his wife, Ann Hunter (DeWees) Wood. On her mother's side 
(Gilpin) she is a granddaughter of Richard and Ann (Porter) Gilpin, of Wil- 
mington, Delaware. Mr. and Mrs. Persifor F. Smith have two children: i. 
Rosalind Wood, born September 22, 1874, and Laura Gilpin, born November 23, 
1883. Rosalind Wood Smith married, January 3, 1897, Richard H. M. Robin- 
son and has a daughter, Rosalind, born September i, 1902. Richard H. M. 
Robinson was graduated from the head of his class in the United States Naval 

SMITH 915 

Academy. He studied naval construction afterward at Edinburg, Scotland, and 
is now naval constructor at the United States navy yard, Brooklyn, New York. 
A second line of Revolutionary descent which Mr. Smith traces is through his 
grandmother, Mary Frazer, who was a daughter of General Persifor Frazer. 
Persifor Frazer was a son of John Frazer, a Philadelphia merchant, who emi- 
grated from Glasslough, county Moneghan, Ireland, but was originally from 
Scotland. He was bom in Chester county, Pennsylvania, August 10, 1735, died 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 24, 1792. He had a highly distinguished ca- 
reer. He was a member of the Provincial Council which met in Philadelphia, 
January 23, 1775. He was a member of the committee of safety from Chester 
county in 1776. Was appointed captain of the First Company, Fourth Regiment, 
Pennsylvania Troops, Anthony Wayne, Colonel, January 5, 1776. At Ticonder- 
oga, September 25, 1776, he was appointed major by General Gates. On March 
12, 1777, he was promoted and appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Fifth Penn- 
sylvania Regiment. He was with the army on Long Island, May, 1776, at Ticon- 
deroga, July, 1776. In 1777 was with the troops in New Jersey and at the bat- 
tle of Brandywine, September 11, 1777. He was captured September 16, 1777, 
and held a prisoner of war in Philadelphia until March 17, 1778, when he es- 
caped. He was appointed clothier general to the army, but declined the position. 
April I, 1780, he was appointed commissioner of purchase under Quartermaster 
General Nathaniel Greene. On May 25, 1781, he was elected one of four 
brigadier-generals, ranking as second. In civil affairs General Frazer held many 
important positions. On January 25, 1775, he was one of a committee to draft 
a petition to the Pennsylvania General Assembly praying for the manumission of 
slaves. March 22, 1781, he was appointed treasurer for Chester county, Pennsyl- 
vania; October 15, 1781, he was elected to represent Chester county in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of Pennsylvania, and October 12, 1782, was re-elected. June 16, 
1786, the Supreme Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania appointed 
him one of the justices of Chester County Court of Common Pleas. The same 
year he was appointed register of wills and recorder, a position he held until 
his death. He was a charter member of the first lodge of Free Masons organ- 
ized in Chester county, Pennsylvania. His wife was Mary Worrall Taylor, 
whom he married, October 2, 1766. She died May 23, 1862. The children of 
General Persifor Frazer were: i. Sarah, born January 11, 1769. 2. Robert, 
August 30, 1771. 3. Mary Ann, February 17, 1774 (Mrs. Jonathan Smith). 
4. Persifor, February 26, 1776, died in childhood. 5. Martha, May 22, 177^ 
died in childhood. 6. Mary (Mrs. Joseph Smith). 7. John, December 27, 1781, 
died in childhood. 8. Martha, October 14, 1783 (Mrs. William Morris). 9. 
Elizabeth, May 17, 1786, died in childhood. 10. Elizabeth, December 17, 1788 
(Mrs. Henry Myers). 


George Bartleson Benners, of Philadelphia, born in that city, March 14, 
1864, is a son of George Washington Benners, who was born in Philadelphia, Feb- 
ruary 8, 1829, died there April 11, 1870, by his wife, Anna Margaret (Baker) 
Benners, born in Philadelphia, January 25, 1834, died there February 9, 1908, 
and grandson of Captain George Benners, who was a sea captain during the 
War of 1812, and his wife, Sarah (Wayman) Benners. 

Michael Baker, great-grandfather of Anna Margaret (Baker) Benners, born 
in Germany in 1720, came to Philadelphia in 1752, and soon after that date mar- 
ried Mary Scull. Both he and his son, Michael Baker, Jr., were soldiers in the 
Philadelphia Company of Artillery during the Revolution, and saw active ser- 
vice in the cause of American Independence. 

Michael Baker, Jr., son of Michael and Mary (Scull) Baker, born in Phila- 
delphia, February i, 1758, died there January 24, 1834. As above stated he 
was a private in the Artillery Company of Philadelphia Militia during the Re\- 
olution. He married Jane Nice, born July 8, 1763, died November 2, 1830, 
daughter of Captain John Nice, who was born in Germantown, January 29, 1739. 
He was commissioned ensign in the Colonial service. May 5, 1760, and pro- 
moted to rank of lieutenant, October 14, 1763, and saw active service in the 
last conflict with the French on American soil. He was commissioned a captain 
in Colonel Samuel J. Atlee's Pennsylvania Battalion, Continental Line, March 
15, 1776, and was taken prisoner at the disastrous battle of Long Island, August 
27, 1776. He, however, escaped long confinement in the loathsome prisons that 
was the lot of so many of the American soldiers taken at this battle, being ex- 
changed December 9, 1776. He participated in the organization of State Regi- 
ment of Foot, and served as a captain in that regiment, under Colonel Walter 
Stewart during 1777, and with the old Thirteenth Regiment, under which name 
the State Regiment of Foot was transferred to the Continental Line, took part 
in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. He was transferred to the 
Sixth Pennsylvania Regiment, Continental Line, July i, 1778, and served with 
that regiment until the close of the war. He died in Nicetown, Bristol township, 
Philadelphia county, in February, 1794. He married, in 1762, Sarah Engle, and 
had children: John, Jane, Mary and Ann. 

Captain John Nice was a son of Anthony Nice, and a grandson of Hans de 
Neus who with his wife Janneke came from Holland, in the latter part of the 
seventeenth century, and settled in what is still known as Nicetown, in what 
was long known as Bristol township, Philadelphia county. He was a native of 
France who fled to Holland to escape religious persecution, and there married 
a Dutch woman, and came to Pennsylvania. He died at Nicetown in 1736, and 
his widow Janneke died there in 1742. Anthony above mentioned was their 
third son. 

Joseph Baker, father of Anna Margaret (Baker) Benners, was a son of 
Michael Baker, Jr., and his wife, Jane Nice, and was born December 30, 1797, 


died March 20, 1872. He married Anna Margaret Weaver, born June 2, 1804, 
died December 2, 1878. 

George Bartleson Benners was educated at the Episcopal Academy, and the 
University of Pennsylvania, graduating from the University with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, in class of '88. He entered the law department of the Uni- 
versity, and graduated with the degree of Bachelor of laws. In 1902 he entered 
the service of the Pennsylvania railroad, real estate department, where he has 
since held a responsible position. Mr. Benners married, November 15, 1894, 
Sara, daughter of Thomas F. and Susan J. (Haywood) Wright, and they have 
one son, Archibald Bartleson Benners, born April 12, 1897. 


The Derr Family, whose name was originally spelled Dorr, is of German 
origin, at least twenty-five different families bearing that name having landed at 
Philadelphia, from emigrant ships plying from Rotterdam to that port, between 
the years 1727 and 1760, the heads of which were duly qualified as subjects of 
the British crown, in accordance with the Act of Pennsylvania Assembly passed 
in 1727. 

JoHAN Heinrich Dorr, aged twenty-three years, landed at Philadelphia from 
the ship "Loyal Judith", Captain James Cowie, and took the required test oath, 
September 3, 1742. He evidently followed the trend of German migration, up 
the Schuylkill, and its eastern tributary the Perkiomen, and settled in Upper Sal- 
ford township, Philadelphia, now Montgomery county, where we find him a 
resident, a few years after his arrival in Pennsylvania. This was the point from 
which the German pioneers pushed over the line into Milford township, Bucks 
county, spreading thence eastward and northward, until they had settled all the 
northern townships of Bucks county and the adjoining parts of Northampton. 
This movement, beginning about the middle of the eighteen century, carried with 
it Johan Heinrich Dorr, and we find him a resident of Upper Milford township, 
now Lehigh county, which until 1752 was a part of Bucks county, when it be- 
came part of Northampton county, and was incorporated into Lehigh in 181 3. 
He became an elder of the "Old Swamp Church" in that township, now known 
as Trinity Reformed Church, and lived and died in that section. 

Jacob Derr, son of Johan Heinrich Derr, born in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
in 1751, enlisted January, 1776, as a member of Captain Thomas Church's Com- 
pany, of the Fourth Pennsylvania Regiment, recruited under resolution of Con- 
gress of December 9, 1775. When Colonel Anthony Wayne, colonel command- 
ing, was directed on February 22, 1776, to march his regiment to New York as 
fast as equipped, but three companies were ready, those of Captain Thomas 
Robinson, Captain John Lacy and Captain Thomas Church, (all three captains 
being Bucks county). They proceeded to New York where they arrived 
March 28, 1776, and on April 7, under the command of Major Haugsegger, were 
placed in Lord Stirling's brigade, and stationed at Caldwell's on Long Island, 
and on April 26, they were assigned to General Greene's brigade. On the ar- 
rival of Colonel Wayne, April 26, 1776, he received orders to embark with his 
regiment for Albany, New York, to take part in the expedition against Canada. 
They reached Albany, May 10, and embarked for Canada on the i8th. The 
three companies above mentioned took part in the battle of Three Rivers, June 
8, 1776, and their splendid record in this, their first real battle, can be gathered 
from the orderly book of the regiment, under date of June 11, 1776, in the "Camp 
at Sorel" in which is recorded Colonel Wayne's comment on the behaviour of 
his men in the following language: 

"Their spirited conduct in bravely attacking and sustaining the fire from both great 
and small arms of an enemy more than ten times their number, merits his highest appro- 

DERR 919 

bation. He takes this opportunity of returning thanks to the Captains Robinson, Church 
and Moore (the latter temporarily commanding Lacy's company), Lieutenants Smith, 
Christie and Ryan, Ensigns Vernon, and Barclay, for the part they acted that day, being 
that of gentlemen and soldiers." 

On July 7, 1776, the three companies were at Crown Point, and proceeded 
from there to Ticonderoga, where they were joined by five other companies of 
the regiment and remained until January 24, 1777, when their term of enlistment 
having expired January 5, they were sent home, and those who did not reenlist 
on their arrival in Philadelphia were marched to Chester and there disbanded,. 
February 25, 1777. 

Jacob Derr, however, re-enlisted with most of his company under their old 
captain, Thomas Church, and were incorporated in the Fifth Regiment, Conti- 
nental Line, Colonel Francis Johnston commanding, succeeded later by Colonel 
Richard Butler, and served throughout the war. Private Derr was severely 
wounded at the battle of Brandywine. He died in Springfield township, Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1829, at the age of seventy-eight years and is buried in 
Trinity Church graveyard. 

Michael Derr, son of Jacob Derr, the Revolutionary soldier, purchased a 
small farm in Springfield township, Bucks county, in 1805, and lived thereon un- 
til his death in 1862. He was a soldier in the war of 1812-14, serving as a private 
in the company of Captain Samuel Flack, of Bucks county, which was in camp 
Marcus Hook, October 18, 1814, "in the service of the United States, under 
orders of the General commanding the Fourth Military District", under com- 
mand of Lieutenant Andrew Apple in the regiment of Bucks County Militia un- 
der command of Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Gilkyson. By his wife Catharine 
Michael Derr had ten children. 

John Derr, eldest son of Michael and Catharine Derr, was bom in Spring- 
field township, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, September 4, 1802, located on the 
Delaware river in Durham township, Bucks county, where he carried on an ex- 
tensive business, in connection with the prosecution of his trade as a millwright 
and bridge builder, until 1849, when he removed with his family to a farm near 
Shamokin, Pennsylvania. Four years later he removed to Kline's Grove, Penn- 
sylvania, where he owned and operated a merchant mill in connection with a 
farm until his death, April 26, 1864. John Derr married Hannah Mellick Fine, 
bom January 17, 1813, died April 2, 1864, daughter of John Fine, of Finesville, 
Hunterdon county. New Jersey, and his wife, Anne Catharine (Mellick) Fine, 
granddaughter of Philip Fine or Fein, and great-granddaughter of Johan Wil- 
helm Fein, who came from Germany, arriving in Philadelphia in the ship 
"Neptune", and was qualified as a subject of the British crown by taking the 
test oath prescribed by the Act of Pennsylvania Assembly, September 23, 1751. 

Philip Fein, born in 1744, settled on the Musconetcong creek, in Alexandria 
township, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, the site of Finesville, four miles east 
of Riegelsville, named for him, where he built and operated flour and saw mills, 
and became a man of means and consequence in his section. He died in 1810. 

John Fine, son of Philip Fein, bom at Finesville, June 6, 1767, succeeded to 
and operated the mills established by his father, and like him took an active part 
in public aflfairs. He was warden of St. James Lutheran Church near Phillips- 
burg from 1813 to 1817. He died May 12, 1826. He married Anne Catharine 

920 DERR 

Mellick, born in Greenwich township, Sussex county, New Jersey, baptized April 
4, 1770, died at Finesville, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, May 8, 1831, daugh- 
ter of Captain Andrew Mellick and granddaughter of Johannes Moelich. The 
ancestry of the Mellick family, originally spelled Moelich, has been traced back 
to Peter Moelich, who in 1530 was living in Winningen, Germany, where his 
son, Theiss Moelich, was born in that year. A great-grandson of Theiss Moelich 
migrated from Winningen to Bensdorf-on-the- Rhine where Johan Wilhelm and 
Anna Catharine Moelich, the grandparents of Captain Andrew Mellick, were 
living in 1688. 

Johannes Moelich, son of Johan Wilhelm and Anna Catharine Moelich, born 
at Bensdorf, Germany, February 26, 1702, was baptized at the parish church 
there by the Rev. Johannes Reusch. He married, at Bensdorf, November i, 1723, 
Maria Catharine, daughter of Gottfried Kirburger, a Burgomaster of Bensdorf. 
Four children : Gottfried, Erenreid, Andreas and Maria Catharine, were born to 
them at Bensdorf. Early in the year 1735 the family left Bensdorf and em- 
barked at Rotterdam for Pennsylvania, in the ship "Mercury", which arrived 
in Philadelphia, May 29, 1735. After residing for several years in Pennsyl- 
vania, he located in Sussex county. New Jersey, and in 1747 purchased a plan- 
tation of four hundred acres in Greenwich township, now Warren county, front- 
ing on the Delaware river at the mouth of Pohatcong creek. In 1750 he pur- 
chased and removed to a plantation of four hundred acres in Readington town- 
ship, near Whitehouse, Hunterdon county. New Jersey, on which he erected 
one of the first tanneries in northern New Jersey, which he operated for a 
few years and then sold and removed to a plantation of three hundred and 
sixty-seven acres of land in Bedminster township, Somerset county, New Jer- 
sey, where he erected another bark mill and tannery, and a building for a home, 
a substantial stone house, still standing, spent the remainder of his days there. 
He was one of the first trustees of the Lutheran Church at New Germantown, 
in 1749, and continued active in its affairs the remainder of his life. 

Johannes and Maria Catharine (Kirburger) Moelich had ten children, several 
of whom died young; the sons who survived were Aaron (Ehrenreid), Andrew, 
Philip and Peter. The two younger inherited the homestead tract in Bedmin- 
ster, and the tannery erected by their father, which continued in operation for 
over a century. 

Captain Andrew Mellick, (as he anglicized the name) fourth child and sec- 
ond surviving son of Johannes and Maria Catharine (Kirburger) MoeHch, was 
born at Bensdorf, on the Rhine, December 12, 1729. He accompanied his par- 
ents to Pennsylvania in 1735, and to New Jersey later. On arriving at his ma- 
jority, in 1750, his father left him in charge of the tannery and plantation in 
Greenwich, Sussex, now Warren county, and removed to Readington. An- 
drew subsequently inherited the plantation in Greenwich, on which he erected 
a substantial stone house in which he lived until 1810. He became one of the 
substantial citizens of that section and was prominent in the aflfairs of Sus- 
sex county. On the same day that the Declaration of Independence was adopted 
by "the Continental Congress in session at Philadelphia, July 4, 1776, he was 
commissioned captain of a company in the First Sussex Regiment, commanded 
by Colonel, later General, William Maxwell, and served with it and other Sus- 
sex county organizations during the Revolutionary war. He married, about 

DERR 921 

1769, Catharine , and had at least five children. His eldest child, Anne 

Catharine, baptized April 4, 1770, became the wife of John Fine, above men- 
tioned. Captain Mellick died June 29, 1820. 

John and Hannah Mellick (Fine) Derr had five children who grew to ma- 
turity, Thompson, Catharine, married John P. Richter, Henry Haupt, John F., 
of Sunbury, Pennsylvania, and Andrew Fine, the subject of this sketch. 

Thompson Derr, eldest child of John and Hannah Mellick (Fine) Derr, 
was born at Monroe, in Durham township, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, January 
16, 1834, and was therefore fifteen years of age when the family removed to 
Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, settling on a farm in what is known as 
Irish Valley, near Paxinos, and not far from the Shamokin creek. Four years 
later, with his parents, he removed to Klines Grove, Upper Augusta township, 
Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, where with his father he engaged in 
merchant milling and farming. Thompson Derr was a man of very unusual 
mental and physical ability, strong and sturdy of body, and with a clear and 
perfectly working mind, who was bound to be a successful man in any line of 
work he chose to undertake. His early educational advantages had been Hmited, 
but as far as they went he had been perfect in his work. Such early education 
as he had was at the common schools and at Dr. Vanderver's Academy at Eas- 
ton, Pennsylvania. In 1856 he began active business life for himself in a store 
and mill operated by a Mr. Taggart at Dry Valley, Union county, Pennsylvania. 
About a year later he established a local fire insurance agency at Sunbury, be- 
ing one of the first in the state outside of Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. Meeting 
with success in that line of work, he removed to Wilkes-Barre in 1857 or early 
in 1858, where he established himself in business, and remained until 1862, when 
he was joined by his brother, Henry H. Derr, forming a partnership under the 
style of Thompson Derr & Brother, under which name fire insurance is still 
conducted at that place. He soon became a marked man in the community, 
widely known for his reliable character, and his conscientious and energetic 
work in whatever line he undertook. He had untiring industry and soon built 
up a business second to none in the state, or even in the country, in the line of 
his work, and the city of Wilkes-Barre never had a more successful self-made 
man than he. He died February 8, 1885, after an illness of about two years. 

Henry Haupt Derr, second son of John and Hannah Mellick (Fine) Derr, 
born in Nockamixon township, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, July 5, 1839, died 
in Wilkes-Barre, October 12, 1888. In addition to his interest in an active par- 
ticipation in the large business of the firm of Thompson Derr & Brother, Henry 
Haupt Derr became identified with a number of the most important industrial 
enterprises of Wilkes-Barre. He was a director and large stockholder in the 
Vulcan Iron Works, one of the leading manufacturing concerns of the city; 
president and the largest stockholder of the Suburban Electric Railway Com- 
pany; president of the Wilkes-Barre Lace Manufacturing Company, the first 
concern of its kind in America ; director and treasurer of the Wilkes-Barre 
Hospital and a trustee of the Wyoming Seminary. He took a deep interest 
in all that pertained to the benefit, enlightenment, and elevation of the character 
of his fellow citizens, and the development and improvement of his adopted 
city; was one of the earliest members of the Board of Trade and served as 
one of its trustees to his death. He was a director of the Young Men's Chris- 

922 DERR 

tian Association, and active in church work and extension; was long a member 
of city council, and filled many other official positions. He married, in 1866, 
Mary Delilah Fell, and had seven children, two of whom Chester B., and Henry 
Haupt Derr, Jr., are connected with the firm of Thompson Derr & Brother. 
Another son, Ralph Derr, is a mechanical engineer in South America. 

Andrew Fine Derr, youngest son of John and Hannah Mellick (Fine) Derr, 
born in Upper Augusta township, Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, May 
29, 1853, prepared for college at Missionary Institute, Selins Grove, Pennsyl- 
vania, and in 1871 entered Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania, from which 
he graduated in the class of 1875, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, re- 
ceiving the higher degree of Master of Arts from the same institution in 1878. 
He read law in the office of George W. Biddle, Esq., in Philadelphia, and was 
admitted to the bar of that city and county, in 1878. In December of the same 
year he located in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, and began his professional ca- 
reer. He practiced law there until 1882, when his elder brother, Thompson 
Derr, was so stricken with ill-health, as to be unable to properly manage the 
large business of the firm of Thompson Derr & Brother, and induced his young- 
er brother to enter the firm and relieve the senior member of the heavy bur- 
den of the work. From this time Andrew F. Derr virtually abandoned the active 
practice of his profession, becoming the business manager and a few years 
later the head of the firm of Thompson Derr & Bro., one of the largest insur- 
ance agencies in the state, with which he has since been actively associated. 

Mr. Derr is also president of the Miner's Savings Bank of Wilkes-Barre, and 
vice-president of the Anthracite Savings Bank. He is a trustee of the Oster- 
hout Free Library, and of the Wilkes-Barre City Hospital; a member, trustee 
and elder of the Memorial Presbyterian Church; a member of the Presbyterian 
Historical Society of Philadelphia, of the Archaeological Institute of America, 
director of Sheldon Axle Company, director and chairman of finance committee 
of Hanover Fire Insurance Company of New York, director and chairman of ex- 
ecutive committee of Franklin Fire Insurance Company of Philadelphia, member 
of the American Economic Association, life member of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, member of the American Bar Association, the Pennsylvania So- 
ciety, Sons of the Revolution, and the Sons of the American Revolution of New 
Jersey, the Society of the War of 1812, member and trustee of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society, and the Prince Society of Boston. He is 
also a member of the following clubs: the Lawyers', the University, the Royal 
Victoria Society of Great Britain, and the American Geographical Society. 

Andrew Fine Derr married, June 23, 1896, Harriet Lowrie, born June 15, 
1871, daughter of Rev. Samuel Thompson Lowrie, D. D., and his wife, Eliza- 
beth (Dickson) Lowrie, and granddaughter of Judge Walter Hoge Lowrie, 
twelve years a justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 1851-63, the last 
three years chief justice. Judge Lowrie was a son of Matthew B. Lowrie, and 
was born in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, March 3, 1807. He graduated 
from the Western University of Pennsylvania in 1826. read law and was ad- 
mitted to practice. On August 4, 1846, he was appointed judge of the District 
Court of Allegheny county, and served until elected to the Supreme Bench. Af- 
ter his retirement from the chief justiceship he practiced law in Pittsburgh for 
several years and was later chosen president judge of the Meadville district. 



He died in Meadville, Pennsylvania, November 14, 1876. He was the author 
of a number of papers read before the American Philosophical Society, includ- 
ing, "Origin of Tides", and "Cosmical Motion", and was a contributor to vari- 
ous periodicals on a variety of subjects. 

Dr. Samuel Thompson Lowrie, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, February 
8, 1835, graduated from the Miami (Ohio) University in 1852, studied theolo- 
gy in the Presbyterian Seminary, Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, until 1856, and 
in Heidelberg, Germany, in 1857; was pastor of the Presbyterian church at 
Alexandria, Pennsylvania, 1863, of the Presbyterian church of Philadelphia, 
1865-69; of the Abington Presbyterian Church, Montgomery County, Pennsyl- 
vania, 1869-74; at Ewing, New Jersey, 1879-85; professor of New Testament 
Literature and Exegesis in the Western Theological Seminary, Allegheny City, 
1874-78, and from 1887 chaplain of the Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia. His 
wife, Elizabeth (Dickson) Lowrie, was a daughter of Rev. Hugh Sheridan 
Dickson, born in Scotland in 1813, who came to America with his parents, Alex- 
ander and Sarah (McKee) Dickson, in 1827, the family settling in Rensselaei 
county. New York, where the father died in 1871. Alexander Dickson was a 
great-grandson of Rev. David Dickson, one of the regents of the University of 
Glasgow, moderator of the general assembly of the Presbyterian church, 1639, 
and who was elected professor of divinity at the University of Glasgow in 1650, 
but declined. Rev. David Dickson was a son of John Dickson, an eminent law- 
yer, and of the Dicksons of Hartree, Lanarkshire, of ancient lineage. 

Rev. Hugh Sheridan Dickson married, September 2, 1845, Sarah Margaret 
Stoever, born in Philadelphia, 1824, daughter of Frederick Stoever, (1784-1867) 
and his wife, Sarah (Reigert) Stoever, of Philadelphia; granddaughter of Fred- 
erick Stoever, born 1759, and his wife, Margaret (Dinshert) Stoever, great- 
granddaughter of Rev. John Caspar Stoever, born in Frankenburg, Saxony, De- 
cember 21, 1702, died in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, May 13, 1770, one of the 
best known of the early German Lutheran ministers of Pennsylvania. Coming 
to this state as chaplain to a party of emigrants in 1728, after having served 
five years as pastor of a church at Anweiler, Bavaria, he was for some years 
a missionary preacher in Lancaster and adjoining counties, and in 1740 became 
the first regular pastor of the Lutheran church at Lancaster. He married Maria 
Catharine Markling and had eleven children of whom Frederick, the grand- 
father of Mrs. Dickson, was the youngest. 

Andrew Fine and Harriet (Lowrie) Derr have four children: Elizabeth 
Lowrie, born March 21, 1898; Katharine, born September 12, 1899; Thomp- 
son, born November 30, 1901 ; Andrew Fine, Jr., born July 10, 1903. 


The Fassett family in the Wyoming valley, Pennsylvania, spring from Josiah 
Fassett, a native of Connecticut. The wife of Josiah Fassett, Abigail Stevens, 
was a daughter of Lieutenant Asa Stevens who lost his life in the "Wyoming 
Massacre". The family have always been prominent in the business and pub- 
lic Hfe of the valley and large landowners. Josiah Fassett, probably the fath- 
er of Benjamin Fassett, the Revolutionary soldier, and grandfather of Josiah 
Fassett, of Scottsville, Pennsylvania, is mentioned in the papers of John Lane, 
of Connecticut, as one of the men who marched under his command to the re- 
lief of Dunstable, January 4, 1706. The records do not show the connection be- 
tween them and further than Benjamin the line cannot be definitely traced. 

Josiah Fassett was a son of Benjamin Fassett, of Brooklyn, Connecticut. 
He was the father of at least three other sons, Reuben, Elijah and Daniel. Ben- 
jamin Fassett enlisted May 29, 1777, in Captain Bacon's company for a term of 
eight months. He died December 31, 1777. Josiah Fassett, son of Benjamin 
Fassett, was born in Brooklyn, Connecticut, August 10, 1761. He received a 
good education and followed the profession of a teacher until the Revolution 
was well in progress, when he enlisted as a drummer boy. In 1788 he married 
and with his wife Abigail removed to Pennsylvania, which she had left a chila 
of seven. They settled at Scottsville (then known as Hemlock Bottom) on the 
Susquehanna river, during the year 1795, coming by way of Wilkes-Barre and 
up the river by boat. Josiah had been there the year previous to locate the land, 
coming by way of Owego, New York, and down the river, selecting the land at 
the lower end of the flats or bottom land on the "Hemlock Bottom". He bought 
about three hundred acres of land to which he added from time to time until at 
the time of his death, August 20, 1823, he was the owner of about nine hun- 
dred acres. This land he divided into four farms, abutting the river, which he 
left to his sons, and back of the farms four tracts of fine timber land for his 
four daughters. Josiah Fassett became very prosperous in his new home, and 
the leading business man of his section. He kept the first tavern and place of 
entertainment for travelers in that section and owned and operated the first 
ferry across the river at Scottsville. He built the first passable wagon road 
from Scottsville to Sugar Run which became a part of the mail and stage coach 
route between Towanda to points west. Early in the year 1800 he was elected 
a justice of the peace, holding the office until his death. He was probably the 
first justice elected in this part of the state. He was a Free Mason and a mem- 
ber of the first Masonic Lodge in the community. He was a Presbyterian of the 
sort to delight John Calvin, whose devoted follower he was. He was a leader 
in the public aflfairs of the town, and besides his extensive farming and land in- 
terests he did a large business in farm and forest products, loaning money, etc. 

Josiah Fassett married, in Connecticut, Abigail Stevens, born in Pennsylvania, 
April 2, 1771, daughter of Lieutenant Asa Stevens. Lieutenant Stevens was one 
of the garrison left to guard Wyoming, and was killed by the Indians during the 


massacre of the inhabitants of that town, July 3, 1778. His name is inscribed on 
the monument erected to the memory of those who fell on that memorable day. 
Abigail was but a child of seven at the time of her father's death, and was tak- 
en back to Connecticut by her mother, walking most of the way. Her mother 
with the older children later returned to Pennsylvania to claim the land her 
husband had possessed, but Abigail was left behind with a Captain Smith with 
whom she lived until her marriage. Josiah and Abigail (Stevens) Fassett were 
the parents of four sons and four daughters. The sons were Jasper, John, see 
forward, Josiah Jr., and James. The daughters were: Sally (Mrs. John Sturte- 
vant), Fanny (Mrs. Robinson), Hannah (Mrs. Edwards) and Lucy (Mrs. 
Thomas Wright). The sons all settled on the farms given them by their father 
and the daughters all married and settled in the neighborhood. 

Major John Fassett, son of Josiah and Abigail (Stevens) Fassett, was 
born in Windham county, Connecticut, September 16, 1794, and died at Scotts- 
ville, Pennsylvania, May 2, 1886. John Fassett was the leading business man 
of the community during his long and active life. His military title of major 
was given him by commission from the authorities for service in the state mili- 
tia. For twenty years he was justice of the peace. He was very prosperous, 
and it was said that at different times he had owned two-thirds of the land in 
Windham township. At the time of his death he was by far the wealthiest 
man in the county. He established or had established by the government the first 
postofifice at Scottsville, and was the first postmaster, changing the name from 
Hemlock Bottom to Scottsville, after his friend. Judge Scott, of Wilkes-Barre. 
With his sons he opened in 1853 a store in Scottsville, built the first steam saw 
mill in that region in 1856. From that date Fassett & Sons became large 
dealers in lumber and in merchandise. Later they established the first general 
store in Jenningsville, Pennsylvania. They erected a cider mill, the first and 
only one for many years thereafter. They bought and sold cattle and horses, 
supplying the farmers with teams, tools and supplies, taking their products in 
exchange. He was like his father a Free Mason, a charter member of Frank- 
lin Lodge, now at Laceyville, and a strict Presbyterian. Besides his office of 
justice of the peace and postmaster, Major Fassett held at different times near- 
ly all the town offices. Good roads was one of his hobbies, and he was supervi- 
sor of highways for many years. He married Sally Haverly, and they were the 
parents of eight sons and daughters: Charles, married Mary Prentiss; George 
S., married Mary Vose; John Jr.; Alvah, see forward; Caroline, married Dr. 
John Denison ; Lucia M. ; Ann, married Joseph T. Jennings. 

Alvah Fassett, son of Major John and Sally (Haverly) Fassett, was born 
at Scottsville, Pennsylvania, May 9, 1835. He attended the district schools and 
one term at Hartford, Pennsylvania. He remained and worked at home until 
attaining his majority, when he was admitted to the firm of Fassett & Sons, 
engaging at once in the lumber, merchandising and farm business of that firm. 
When the Civil War broke out he enlisted and was appointed sergeant of the 
Fifty-second Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, October 2, 1861. He was 
engaged at the battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia, where he received a wound that 
resulted in his discharge for disability, August 2, 1862. After recovering par- 
tially from his wounds (that finally shortened his useful life) Mr. Fassett re- 
turned to active business life. He was accounted a thorough business man, 


and was established at the head of the interests of Fassett & Sons. On the death 
of Major John Fassett, Alvah and his brother Charles settled the estate. He 
was active in politics, an ardent Republican, but without taste or desire for pub- 
lic office for himself. While he gave his party loyal and undivided support, 
aside from some town offices and one term as county auditor, he never held 
public office, although often importuned to do so by his party and personal 
friends. He was a member of the Masonic fraternity, as were all the Fassetts, 
but did not take an especial interest in any secret order. He accumulated a con- 
siderable fortune and bought the old Whitcomb farm from his father, where 
he erected a mansion, in keeping with his means, during the year 1884. He 
never fully recovered from his wounds received in battle, which hastened his 
death, which occurred August 18, 1888. 

Alvah Fassett married, September 6, 1865, Mary J., daughter of Seth L. and 
Polly (Wall) Keeney, great-granddaughter of Mark Keeney, one of the first 
settlers of Wyoming county, Pennsylvania, and a soldier of the Revolutionary 
War. Alvah and Mary J. (Keeney) Fassett were the parents of two sons, 
John B. and Seth Lee Fassett, and one daughter Flora, the two latter dying in 
early childhood. 

John Benton Fassett, first born of Alvah and Mary J. (Keeney) Fassett, 
was born at Scottsville, Pennsylvania, December 19, 1867. He was educated 
in the district schools, Wyoming Seminary and Wyoming Business College. 
From 1888 until 1894 Mr. Fassett was engaged at Scottsville in the lumber bus- 
iness. In 1894 he became cashier of the Wyoming National Bank of Tunk- 
hannock, Pennsylvania. In 1902 he organized the Citizens National Bank of 
Tunkhannock, and was chosen president, a position he was eminently fitted to fill, 
and which he still retains. He is a director of the Scranton Life Insurance Com- 
pany, and a member of the firm of Brown & Fassett, wholesale and retail flour, 
feed, grain and produce dealers. Politically he is a Republican. He is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church, and Masonic bodies of Tunkhannock. 
He is a Noble of the Mystic Shrine, Wilkes-Barre Temple. John Benton Fas- 
sett married Margaret, daughter of John and Margaret (Law) Torry. They 
are the parents of Jessie, born February 8, 1904, and Alvah, born November 
20, 1906. 


Frederic Walsingham Miller has clear lines of Revolutionary descent, his 
paternal great-great-grandfather being John Penney, Sr., who responded to the 
"Lexington Alarm" from Mansfield, Massachusetts. His maternal great-great- 
grandfather was a brave Welshman, Captain David Philips, who enlisted from 
Pennsylvania. John Penney was born in county Down, Ireland, June i6, 1740, 
died in McKeesport, Pennsylvania, July 2, 1826. He was a private in a com- 
pany of minute-men commanded by Captain Abiel Clap, Colonel John Daggett's 
regiment, which marched on the "Alarm", April 19, 1775, from Mansfield, Mass- 
achusetts. He had previous to the battle of Lexington served with the Massachu- 
setts militia. John Penney married Margaret Ann Rutan. 

John (2) Penney, son of John (i) and Margaret Ann (Rutan) Penney, 
married Martha Sills. 

Margaret Penney, daughter of John (2) and Martha (Sills) Penney, mar- 
ried John Miller. 

James Alexander Miller, son of John and Margaret (Penney) Miller, mar- 
ried Sarah Bell Mouck. 

Frederic Walsingham Miller, son of James Alexander and Sarah Bell 
(Mouck) Miller, was born at Piedmont, West Virginia, March 7, 1877. Gradu- 
ated from the Western University of Pennsylvania, now the University of Pitts- 
burgh, in 1897, with a degree of A. B. and from the Law Department of the 
same university in 1900 with a degree of LL.B., taking at the same time the degree 
of A. M. in course. He is a member of Duquesne Club and University Club of 
Pittsburgh and of Sons of American Revolution. He married, April 30, 1906, 
Jane, daughter of Charles H. Bradley and Mary Brigham. Children : Mary B., 
born November 5, 1907; Frederic Walsingham, Jr., born April 23, 1910. 

Mr. Miller's maternal line begins with David Philips, born at Pembrokeshire, 
Wales, March 26, 1742, died in Washington county, Pennsylvania, March 5, 
1829. At the outbreak of the War for Independence he was a citizen of Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania. With the consent of General Washington, David, 
with his three brothers, raised an independent company of Chester county 
men. The brothers were made officers of the company, David being chosen 
captain. Through their knowledge of the people and the surroundings they 
were of very great service to the cause. The company was known as the Sec- 
ond Company, Seventh Battalion, Independent. Immediately after the war 
David Philips moved to Western Pennsylvania, where he founded, at the pres- 
ent village of Library, the first Baptist church west of the Allegheny Moun- 
tians. During the "Whiskey Insurrection", David Philips was again of great 
service to the country. He married May Thomas. 

David (2) Philips, son of David (i) Philips, married Sarah Bell. 

Nancy Philips, daughter of David (2) Philips, married William Mouck. 

Sarah Bell Mouck, daughter of William and Nancy (Philips) Mouck, mar- 
ried James Alexander Miller (see Miller). 


Gilbert Follansbee's Revolutionary descent is from his grandfather, Amos 
Hunting, who was a member of a company of volunteers raised by the town of 
Dedham, Massachusetts, for service in the Continental Army during 1780. He 
saw varied service and was present at the execution of Major Andre, the Brit- 
ish spy (see "Mass. Soldiers and Sailors", p. 552). The Hunting line continues on 
back to John Hunting, who was born in England, in the year 1628, and on April 
18, 1671, married Elizabeth Parker, and had a son Jonathan, born January 27, 
1690, died December 16, 1768. Jonathan Hunting married Ruth Fisher, and had 
a son Ebenezer, born May 18, 1728, died February 3, 1769. Ebenezer Hunting's 
wife was Lydia Woodward, and they were the parents of Amos Hunting, the 
Revolutionary ancestor of Mr. Follansbee. Amos Hunting was born March 15, 
1763, died January 26, 1814. On November 8, 1786, he married Olive Newell, 
and had issue. 

Betsey Hunting, daughter of Amos and Olive (Newell) Hunting, was 
married, November 28, 181 1, to Benjamin Haynes, born September 21, 1785, 
died July 15, i860. Benjamin and Betsey (Hunting) Haynes were the mater- 
nal grandparents of Benjamin Gilbert Follansbee. Their daughter, Maria 
Jackson Haynes, was married at Charlestown, Massachusetts, to Gilbert Fol- 
lansbee, born January 5, 1821. Gilbert Follansbee was a son of John Follans- 
bee, who was born in Plaistow, Massachusetts, July 22, 1792. He was a soldier of 
the War of 1812. He was also a member of the Haverhill Massachusetts Light 
Infantry which he joined in 1810. They were ordered out into service in 18 14. 
John Follansbee married at Haverhill, Massachusetts, July 12, 1818, Elizabeth 
Haynes, a daughter of Thomas and Nancy Anne (Moore) Haynes, of New- 
buryport, Massachusetts. Here is another line of descent that entitles Mr. 
Follansbee to patriotic membership. Thomas Haynes was a private in Captain 
Moses Newell's company, which marched on the "Lexington Alarm", April 19, 
1775. He was also a member of Captain Benjamin Perkins' company, of Colo- 
nel Moses Little's regiment, and served at Bunker Hill, as did his brother, Dav- 
id Haynes. Thomas Haynes, just mentioned, was a son of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Clement) Haynes, who were married, August i, 1734. Joseph Haynes was 
born February 5, 1717, died December 24, 1801. Elizabeth Clement, his wife 
was born March 6, 1716, died February 22, 1756. Joseph Haynes was a mem- 
ber of the Provincial Congress convened at Salem, Massachusetts, October 17, 
1774. He was a son of Thomas Haynes, born May 4, 1680, and Hannah Harri- 
man, to whom he was married, December 22, 1703. Thomas Haynes was cap- 
tured by the Indians, August 15, 1696, with his father, Jonathan Haynes, and 
other members of the family. Jonathan was in later years again captured by 
the savages who put him to death. Jonathan Haynes (the Indian victim) was 
the American ancestor of this branch of the Haynes family. He was born in 
England, emigrated to America, and settled in New Hampshire, where on Octo- 
ber 30, 1674, at Hampton, he was married to Sarah Moulton. 


Gilbert Follansbee was born in Plaistow, Massachusetts, January 5, 1821. 
He is at this date, 1910, living in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in his ninety-first 
year, and in fairly good health. His parents removed from New England to 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when he was but two years of age. He grew up 
and was educated in the latter city and learned the business of shoe manufac- 
turing. When a young man he was for some time in Lynchburg, Virginia, in 
charge of a branch of the business there. He was in the shoe business in Phil- 
adelphia both as a manufacturer and dealer. In 1845 he removed to Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, where he was engaged along banking and mercantile lines until 
his retirement from active business in 1878. He was associated with the bank- 
ing firm of William A. Hill & Company, and was one of the organizers and a 
director for many years of the Pittsburgh Bank for Savings ; also was superin- 
tendent of the Chamber of Commerce. His religious preference is Presbyterian, 
and he is a member of the Third Church of that denomination in Pittsburgh. 
He affiliates with the Masonic order and is a member of the Masonic Veterans 
Association of Pennsylvania. 

As stated previously, he married Maria Jackson Haynes, and has issue as 
follows: I. Georgiana, who died in infancy. 2. Benjamin Gilbert, see for- 
ward. 3. George Little, assistant treasurer of Follansbee Brothers Company, 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania ; he married Elizabeth Roberts, of Pittsburgh, daugh- 
ter of John and Elizabeth P. Roberts. They have no issue. 4. William Uhler, 
secretary and treasurer of Follansbee Brothers Company; he married Jennie, 
daughter of Dr. William R. Childs, of Pittsburgh; their children are: William 
U., Jr., Gilbert, Scott, Marcus Acheson and Helen Childs Follansbee. 5. John, 
manager of sales of the Follansbee Brothers Company ; he married Alice Kerr, 
of Pittsburgh, daughter of Allan C. Kerr ; their children are : John Haynes, 
Robert Kerr and Rebecca Follansbee. 

Benjamin Gilbert Follansbee was born in Pittsburgh (N. S.), and ed- 
ucated in the city schools. His early business experience was gained in the 
employ of the Pennsylvania Railroad, Union line, after which he was with Park, 
Scott & Company and James B. Scott & Company, manufacturers of tin plate 
and other metals. In 1894, with four associates, he organized Follansbee Broth- 
ers Company under a Pennsylvania charter, with Benjamin G. Follansbee presi- 
dent, which office he now occupies (1911). The business of the company is 
the manufacture of hammered open hearth steel, tin plate and sheets. The 
works of the company are at Follansbee, West Virginia (where they have built 
up a town), with distributing points in the larger cities. The home offices are 
at Pittsburgh. Mr. Follansbee is a member and trustee of the Third Presby- 
terian Church of Pittsburgh, the Sons of the American Revolution, the Du- 
quesne. Country, and Stanton Heights Golf clubs of the city and of the Pitts- 
burgh Board of Trade. In political preference he is a Republican. 

He married, October 6, 1887, Frances S. Wright, of Pittsburgh, daughter of 
Captain Edward S. Wright, a veteran officer of the Civil War and for thirty-two 
years warden of the Western Penitentiary. This is said to be the longest term 
any warden ever served. Captain Wright raised his company (a very large 
one) and went to the war as part of the Sixty-second Pennsylvania Volunteers 
and captain of that company. 


Henry S. Lydick is a lineal descendant of John Lydick, his Revolutionary 
ancestor, who was one of the earliest pioneer settlers of Indiana county, Penn- 
sylvania, then Westmoreland county. Prior to the year 1768 John Lydick set- 
tled on a farm in that county about four miles east of the present town 
of Indiana, the county seat. As to his nationality, tradition says that he was 
of a Pennsylvania German family, now quite numerous in the eastern part of 
the state, but spelling the name "Leidich". A change in the spelling of names 
in those early days was not at all unusual, especially when one member of a 
family moved into a new locality where the name he bore was not a common 
one. He saw much Indian trouble; constantly joined with his neighbors in de- 
fending themselves against the Indians and had many "block house" experi- 
ences. In 1774, when an Indian war was on, he with a number of his neigh- 
bors took refuge in Fort Shippen at Captain John Proctor's. From there they 
sent to Governor John Penn a petition as follows : 

"That there was great reason to apprehend that the country would again be imme- 
diately involved in all the horror of Indian war; that their circumstances at that critical 
time were truly alarming; deserted by the far greater part of our neighbors and fellow 
subjects, unprotected with places of strength to resort to with ammunition, provisions and 
with almost every other necessary store. Out houses abandoned to pillage; labor and 
industry entirely at a stand ; our crops destroyed by cattle ; our flocks dispersed, the 
minds of our people distracted with the terrors of falling along with the helpless and un- 
protected families, the immediate victims of ,gavage barbarity. In the midst of these 
scenes of desolation and ruin, next the Almighty, we look to your Honor, hoping, from 
your known benevolence and humanity, such protection and relief as your Honor shall 
see meet" (Rupp's "History of Western Pennsylvania," page 259, Appendix). 

This petition was signed by over seventy persons, one of whom was John 
Lydick. It was the custom of these settlers, when the Indians were on the war 
path, to hide or bury in the earth all articles of furniture, utensils, etc., and 
flee to the forts or block houses at Ligonier, Greensburg, or some nearer place 
and to remain there until the Indians were induced to become quiet again. 
They would then return to their homes, dig up their furniture and utensils, re- 
build their cabins and again take up the peaceful pursuits of agricultural life. 
Three times John Lydick and his neighbors were driven from their homes by 
the Indians between 1768 and 1783. 

In 1778 John Lydick enlisted in Lieutenant Thomas Fletcher's company of 
Frontier Rangers from Westmoreland county and served until 1783. The 
service of the "Rangers" was not to battle with the regular English forces along 
the ocean front, but to protect the settlements on the frontier from the ravages 
of the Indians, led often by renegade English more dangerous and brutal than 
their Indian allies. The descendants of John Lydick have settled in many parts 
of the United States, but are more numerous in the counties of Indiana, Jeffer- 
son, Armstrong and Clearfield, Pennsylvania, than elsewhere. Each year in 
the latter part of Augtist they hold a reunion in the northern part of Indiana 
county, which is usually attended by upwards of three thousand persons either 


descended from or married to descendants of John Lydick. At each reunion 
John Lydick's old mill is taken on the ground as a necessary part of the event. 
It is a unique hand power mill, consisting of a small upper and lower burr so 
framed and geared as to be easily run by one person. It grinds any kind of 
grain very nicely. That mill was buried during the Revolution to hide it 
from the Indians much of the time its owner was in the army. 

John Lydick married Mary May and was the father of nine children: Jacob, 
married Mary Stuchel ; John, married Penina Rice ; James, married Jane Boyles ; 
Mary, married William Caldwell; Nancy, married John Baird; Patrick, married 
Nancy McHenry, Elizabeth, married Christopher Stuchel ; Barbara, married 
Abraham Stuchel; Margaret, married John Allison. John Lydick died in 1803, 
and his will is recorded at Greensburg, Pennsylvania. 

P.^TRiCK Lydick, son of John and Mary (May) Lydick, was born sometime 
about 1772. He married Nancy McHenry, and was the father of eleven chil- 
dren: John, born in 1796; Mollie, born 1798, married Archie Jamison; Isaac, 
born 1800; James, born 1802; William, born 1804; Patrick Jr., bom 1806; Nan- 
cy, born 1808, married Edward Turner; Hannah, born 181 1, married S. K. 
Lockhart; Samuel, born 1814; Peggy, born 1816, married James Mabor; Jo- 
seph, born 1818. James Lydick married Sara, daughter of Francis Chapman, 
whose wife was Jane, daughter of Lord Drummond, of Drummond Castlv, 

The children of James Lydick and his wife Sara Chapman are: Mary, mar- 
ried Edward Ruffner (see Ruffner V) ; Eliza, married Isaac Cousath, their 
descendants are found in and around Lima, Ohio ; Margaret, married John Barl- 
sey; Jane, married Edmund Davis; Sarah, married James Gorman; Chapman 
Lydick. Sarah (Lydick) Gorman had four children who grew to maturity; 
Clinton D., Ida M. (Mrs. R. V. Ginter) of Glen Campbell, Pennsylvania, and 
Jeannetta M. (Mrs. Hugh W. Smitten) of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, who has a 
son living, Hugh W. Smitten, Jr. 

Isaac Lydick, son of Patrick and Nancy (McHenry) Lydick, married Lois 
Sutor and was the father of four children: George T., drowned while in col- 
lege at Meadville, Pennsylvania; Joseph M., now (1911) at the age of eighty- 
two living on his farm in South Mahoning township, Indiana county, Pennsyl- 
vania; Mary Ellen, married Hugh Lawson ; Margaret A., married Dr. Yancey 
and now (1911) living at Russellville, Arkansas. 

Joseph M. Lydick, son of Isaac and Lois (Sutor) Lydick, was born in South 
Mahoning township, Indiana county, Pennsylvania, in 1829. He married Hetty 
Ellen Silvis, and is the father of four children: George T., Virginia B., Henry 
S., see forward; Ernest A. 

The descendants of John Lydick are found on the rosters of the United 
States Army in all our wars from the Revolution to the War with Spain. Jo- 
seph M. served in the War for the suppression of the Rebellion in the Seventy 
eighth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. 

Henry Silvis Lydick, son of Joseph M. and Hetty Ellen (Silvis) Lydick, 
is the assistant United States district attorney of Western District, Pennsyl- 
vania, appointed August i, 1909, for a term of four years. He is a graduate 
of the law department of Michigan University, and was admitted to the Alle- 
gheny county bar in 1887. He is a Republican in politics, and was elected to 


the legislature from Pittsburgh serving during the sessions of 1907-09. Dur- 
ing the Spanish War he was sergeant in Battery B, Pennsylvania Light Artil- 
lery, and saw active service. He is a member of the Pennsylvania National 
Guard and was battalion adjutant of the Fourteenth Regiment. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity and Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Sons 
of the American Revolution, Service Men of the Spanish War, Veterans of the 
Foreign Service, Sons of Veterans of the War of the Rebellion and the Sol- 
diers Civic League of Allegheny county. He is a member of the American 
and Young Men's Tariff Clubs, both of Pittsburgh. He married Alicia, daugh- 
ter of Daniel McCaffrey, during whose life was the leading dealer in hay, 
grain and feed in Western Pennsylvania, and the founder of the present firm 
of Daniel McCaffrey Sons Company of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 


Churchill Brown Mehard descends from the Revolutionary soldier, Jo- 
seph Gaston, who was his great-great-grandfather. The Gaston descent is as 
follows. Joseph Gaston was born in Somerset county, New Jersey, May 29, 
1763, died in the same neighborhood, October 16, 1796. He was a man of 
standing and influence in the community and warmly espoused the cause of the 
Colonies. He served as paymaster of the New Jersey state troops and militta. 
He was with the Continental Army in all the battles and skirmishes in which 
the New Jersey troops participated. Joseph Gaston married Ida Van Arsdale 
and they reared a family. 

John I. Gaston, son of Joseph and Ida (Van Arsdale) Gaston, married Cath- 
erine Annan and had issue. 

Joan Gaston, daughter of John I. and Catherine (Annan) Gaston, married 
George H. Brown, and had issue. 

Ida Augusta, daughter of George H. and Joan (Gaston) Brown, was bom 
in Somerville, New Jersey, November 23, 1859, died May 29, 1883. She mar- 
ried, July I, 1880, Samuel Smiley Mehard, (see Mehard) and they are the par- 
ents of Churchhill Brown Mehard. 

The Mehards are a Scotch-Irish family that were planted m America by 
James Mehard. The ancient spelling of the name was Maharg, which reversed 
spells Graham, and it may be inferred that in the troublous times when persecu- 
tion drove so many of the Scotch into Ireland, that the name was then changed. 
James Mehard was born in county Antrim and came to America in 1818, re- 
mained for a time in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, then removed to Butler and 
in 1832 settled on a tract of eight hundred acres near Wirtemberg in Wayne 
township, Armstrong county, Pennsylvania (then Beaver county). This became 
the family homestead and is still owned in the family. James Mehard's wife 
was Christina Orr, whom he married before leaving Ireland. She was also 
of a Scotch-Irish family. Their children were Robert, Thomas, James, Samuel 
Smiley, see forward, Joseph, William, Matilda, Elizabeth and Ann. 

Dr. Samuel Smiley Mehard, son of James and Christina (Orr) Mehard, 
was born in Pennsylvania in the year 1822. He was educated at Duquesne Col- 
lege, Pittsburgh. Choosing a professional career, he studied medicine under 
old Dr. Mowey, one of Pittsburgh's early noted doctors, and in 1847 graduated 
from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He located in 
Mercer, Mercer county, Pennsylvania, where he practiced his profession until 
his death, September 30, 1883, although during his later years owing to feeble 
health he did little more than consult. His son. Dr. James Walker Mehard, had 
succeeded to his practice. 

Dr. Samuel S. Mehard married, April i, 1847, Mary Jane, daughter of James 
Miller Walker, of Allegheny City, Pennsylvania. They were the parents of two 
sons : James Walker and Samuel Smiley Mehard. 

James Walker, eldest son of Dr. Samuel S. and Mary Jane (Walker) Me- 


hard, was bom April 17, 1848. His academic education was received at West- 
minster College, New Wilmington, Pennsylvania, where he was graduated after 
a full course. He followed in the footsteps of his father in choosing a profes- 
sion. He was graduated from Jefferson Medical College and practiced in Mer- 
cer county, Pennsylvania, with his father, and on the failure of the latter's 
health succeeded him. He did not, however, outlive him, but passed away Sep- 
tember 25, 1883, five days previous to the death of Dr. Mehard, the elder. He 
served as a private in the Civil War, and was attached to a regiment of Penn- 
sylvania Volunteer Infantry. His wife was Julia P. Mcjunkin, of Mercer. 

Judge Samuel Smiley Mehard, youngest son of Dr. Samuel S. and Mary 
Jane (Walker) Mehard, was born in Sunbury, Butler county, Pennsylvania, 
December 18, 1849. He is a graduate of Westminster College, class of 1869. 
He adopted the legal profession and read law under the instruction of the 
Hon. John Trunkey, afterward justice of the Superior Court of Pennsylvania. 
He next went abroad to complete his studies and took a post-graduate course at 
Heidelburg University, Germany, in 1874-75. He returned to Pennsylvania 
and practiced his profession in the several courts until December 8, 1883, when 
he was appointed by Governor Robert E. Pattison, president- judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas for Mercer county, Pennsylvania. Se served almost 
one year by appointment and in 1884 was elected by the people to the same 
high position for the full term of ten years. At the expiration of his term of 
office Judge Mehard removed to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he has ever 
since been actively engaged in the practice of his profession. His church con- 
nection is with the Mercer United Presbyterian Church where he holds his 
membership, but worships with the Sixth United Presbyterian congregation of 
Pittsburgh. July i, 1880, Judge Mehard married Ida Augusta Brown, a de- 
scendant of Joseph Gaston, the Revolutionary ancestor. After a brief mar- 
ried life of less than three years Mrs. Mehard died, on May 29', 1883. One 
son, Churchill B., survived her. 

Churchill Brown Mehard, only son of Judge Samuel Smiley, and Ida A. 
(Brown) Mehard, was born in Mercer, Mercer county, Pennsylvania, May 27, 
1881. He was graduated from the Pennsylvania Military School at Chester, 
Pennsylvania, with the class of 1902. His professional studies were pursued 
at the University of Pittsburgh (then Western University of Pennsylvania) 
where he was graduated class of 1905. He was admitted to practice in the 
Allegheny county and superior courts of the state in April, 1906. He located 
his law office in Pittsburgh, where he is now in active practice, having served 
as assistant district attorney of Allegheny county since January 3, 1910. He 
is interested in the National Guard of his native state and has attained the 
rank of regimental adjutant of the Eighteenth Regiment of Infantry (Duquesne 
Greys). He is an Independent in politics, and a member of several of the so- 
cial and athletic clubs of Pittsburgh. The University Club, Pittsburgh Athletic 
Association, Fort Pitt Athletic Club, Army and Navy Association of Western 
Pennsylvania, and the Sons of the American Revolution. He married, June 21, 
1905, Mary, daughter of Theodore D. and Ida Eugenia (Hoist) Kline, of Sa- 
vannah, Georgia. They have a daughter, Ida Brown Mehard, born August 28, 


James Murdoch Clark traces his Revolutionary ancestry to his great-great- 
grandfather. Captain James Clark, and through the marriage of Captain Clark 
to Nancy Reed he is the great-great-great-grandson of Captain John Reed, an 
officer in command of a company of Pennsylvania soldiers in the "Jersey cam- 
paign" of 1776-77. 

James Clark emigrated from the North of Ireland to this country and set- 
tled in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, about 1740, and afterwards married 
Nancy, daughter of Captain John Reed, and had children, four sons and five 
daughters; David married Hannah Baird; James, married Mary Murray; Thom- 
as, married Jane Calwell ; John, married Jane McDowell ; Esther, married Jo- 
siah Smith; Nancy, married David Humphreys; Mary, married (first) Jeremiah 
Rankin, (second) Charles Kilgore; Jenny, married David Elder; Rebecca, mar- 
ried John Taggart. His second wife was Esther Rennick. She had no chil- 

During the Revolutionary War, James Clark was captain of the Fifth Com- 
pany, Fourth Battalion, Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, Militia, in service 
July 17, 1777, to December, 1777, and captain of the Fifth Company, Sixth 
Battalion, in service, August 26, 1780. He patented a tract of land in what 
is now Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, known as "Clark's Fancy", and on 
part of this farm the town of Upper Strasburg was built. About 1789 he sold 
this farm and moved to a farm about two miles from Mercersburg, Franklin 
county, Pennsylvania, at which place he died in 1821, aged about one hundred 
and four years. He was buried at the Slate Hill cemetery, about one and one- 
half miles from Mercersburg, the same being the burial ground of the Associate 
Reformed Church, in which he was an elder. 

David Clark, son of Captain James and Nancy (Reed) Clark, was born in 
Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, in the year 1755. He removed to Washing- 
ton county, same state, about the year 1789, and settled near the town of Wash- 
ington. He married Hannah, daughter of John and Margaret Baird, of Cum- 
berland county, Pennsylvania, and had nine children: David, married Eliza 
Clark ; James, married Jane Henderson ; Esther, married Rev. Joseph Stockton ; 
Agnes, married David Larimer; William, died in infancy; Elizabeth, married 
Daniel Houston ; Jean, died in infancy ; Mary, married Paul Anderson ; Jean, 
died in infancy. David Clark died in 1821. Both he and his wife are buried in 
the churchyard of the North Buiifalo Church, Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania, where their graves are suitably marked. 

James Clark, son of David and Hannah (Baird) Clark, was born in Wash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania, in 1783, died in 1821. He became a farmer of the 
county, a member of the United Presbyterian church, and Whig in politics. He 
married Jane, youngest daughter of Rev. Matthew Henderson, who was a mis- 
sionary sent out from Scotland in 1758. The issue of James and Jane (Hen- 

936 CLARK 

derson) Clark: David, Matthew Henderson, James, William, see forward, Mary 
and Elizabeth. 

William Clark, son of James and Jane (Henderson) Clark, was born Jan- 
uary 19, 1819. He was a farmer, and a communicant of the United Presbyterian 
church. In politics he was a Republican. He married. May 14, 1856, Mar- 
garet Donaldson, born September 4, 1829, daughter of Benjamin and Margaret 
(Donaldson) Mevey, granddaughter of Benjamin and Prudence (Pryor) Me- 
vey, of Virginia, and great-granddaughter of Benjamin and Martha (Passmore) 
Mevey (Friends) of Cecil county, Maryland. The children of William and 
Margaret Donaldson (Mevey) Clark are: Jennie Henderson, born April 11, 
1857; Benjamin Mevey, born July 17, 1858; Margaret Donaldson, born July 7, 
i860; William Wylie, born March 18, 1862; James Murdoch, see forward. 

James Murdoch Clark, son of William and Margaret D. (Mevey) Clark, 
was born in Washington, Pennsylvania, December 15, 1863. He was gradu- 
ated from Washington and Jefferson College with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. Choosing the legal profession as his life work Mr. Clark entered the 
Law School of Columbia University, New York City, graduating LL.B., and 
from a course in the School of Political Science of Columbia University he 
graduated A. M. In 1887 Mr. Clark established himself in the practice of law 
at Los Angeles, California, remaining until 1890, when he located in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, where he is at this date (1910) a practicing attorney. Mr. Clark 
is a director of the Homewood People's Bank. He is a Republican in political 
preference and represented the old twenty-first ward of Pittsburgh in the Se- 
lect Council from 1898 until 1902. His fraternal affiliation is with the Benev- 
olent and Protective Order of Elks, No. 11, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His 
clubs are the Duquesne, Pittsburgh Country, Edgeworth, Americus and Pitts- 
burgh Athletic. 

James M. Clark married, May 3, 1893, at Washington, Pennsylvania, Jean 
McClane, born at Washington, Pennsylvania, daughter of William and Sarah 
(McClane) Swan. William Swan was a newspaper man, owner and publisher 
of the Reviezv and Examiner at Washington, Pennsylvania, from 1850 to 1876. 
His children were: John M., Mary, (both dead) and Jean M. (Mrs. J. M. 
Clark). Mr. and Mrs. Clark are the parents of James Murdoch Clark, Jr., born 
April 14, 1901, and Janet Swan Clark, born November 15, 1904, died February 
I, 1906. They reside in the East End, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 





-1^1^ €^{^^.^^r^ 


James Alexander Robinson traces his Revolutionary ancestry to Major 
Alexander Parker, an original member of the "Society of the Cincinnati" and 
beyond him to the American ancestor, Richard Parker. In the third generation 
the Parker and Robinson lines converge with the marriage of Mary, daughter of 
Major Alexander Parker, and great-granddaughter of Richard Parker, to Wil- 
liam Robinson, the grandfather of James Robinson. 

Richard Parker was a native of the province of Ulster, Ireland, and in the 
year 1725, with his wife, Janet, emigrated to America, settHng in Pennsylvania, 
probably in Cumberland county. He had children : John, Thomas, Richard, 
William, Martha, Susannah and James. 

John Parker, son of Richard and Janet Parker, was born in 1716. He married 
Margaret McClure and had children : Agnes, Richard, Elizabeth, Mary, Mai - 
garet, Alexander and Andrew, all born in and residents of Carlisle, Pennsyl- 

Major Alexander Parker, son of John and Margaret (McClure) Parker, was 
born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, 1753. He became a resident of 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where he died in 1792. His military service is as fol- 
lows: On January 9, I/76, he was commissioned second lieutenant of the 
Sixth Pennsylvania Battalion — promoted in October, 1776, to first lieutenant. 
He afterwards became captain of a company of the Seventh Regiment, Pennsyl- 
vania Line, and served until the close of the war and was promoted to the rank 
of major. He was an original member of the "Society of the Cincinnati" which 
as is known was composed only of officers of the regular Revolutionary Army. 
His wife was Rebecca, daughter of William Blair to whom he was married in 
1783. Their children were: Margaret, John, Mary, Ann and Alexander. 

Mary Parker, daughter of Major Alexander and Rebecca (Blair) Parker, 
was born in 1789, died in 1868. She married, July 3, 1810, William Robinson, 
Jr., who was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, December 17, 1785, died Febru- 
ary 25, 1868. Children: James, William O'Hara, Alexander, Herman Gratz, 
Charles McClure, John Darragh, Henry Baldwin, Annie Rebecca, Frank Prin- 
gle and Mary Parker. William Robinson was the first white child west of the 
Allegheny river in what was afterwards Allegheny City, now Pittsburgh, North 
Side, and he became the first mayor of Allegeny City after it became a city. His 
boyhood companions were Indian boys whose language he spoke perfectly. A 
cut of his father's log cabin was the design of one side of the official seal ot 
Allegheny City. He never engaged in mercantile life but had large interests in 
city, farm and timber lands. He took an active interest in public affairs and 
was a man of prominence. He was sent to England by the government to nego- 
tiate a loan for governmental purposes. During the Mexican War he raised a 
regiment and was given the title of general and was so known ever afterwards 
although he saw no active service. He was a Republican and a Presbyterian. 
William Robinson was a son of James Robinson, who was born in Ireland in 


the year 1747, died August 16, 1814, and his wife, Martha (Boggs) Robinson, 
who died August 8, 181 5. 

Alexander Parker Robinson, son of William and Mary (Parker) Robinson 
was born January 2, 1816. He was a banker and farmer. He married, at 
Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, September 11, 1845, Catherine Elizabeth Cofifey, 
born July 24, 1822. She was the daughter of Dr. James Coffey, who married 
Margaretta Pinkerton McConnell, of Huntingdon, Pennsylvania. Alexander 
McConnell, her father, came to Pennsylvania from Belfast, Ireland. The town 
of McConnellsburg, Pennsylvania, was named in his honor. He built the first 
brick house in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, bringing the bricks from England. 
His wife was Judith (Lloyd) McConnell, of Maryland. The children of Alex- 
ander Parker and Catherine Elizabeth (Coffey) Robinson are: Mary Parker, 
born July 12, 1846; Margaretta Coffey, born June 24, 1848; Catherine, born 
March 4, 1850; Letitia, born July 7, 1851 ; James Alexander, see forward. 

James Alexander Robinson, son of Alexander Parker and Catherine Eliza- 
beth (Coffey) Robinson, was born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, (Pitts- 
burgh, North Side), June 5, 1854. His academic education was obtained in the 
private schools of William Wakeham and Mrs. Co.sgrove at Allegheny City, 
The Newell School, Western University of Pittsburgh, Dr. John Ferris' School 
of Philadelphia and St. Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire. He entered 
Princeton College and was of the class of 1876. For twenty years Mr. Rob- 
inson had been the Pittsburgh resident manager for Warren, Webster & Com- 
pany, of Camden, New Jersey, manufacturers of "Exhaust Steam Specialties" 
and now more especially the "Webster System of Steam Circulation", a modern 
system in use in all parts of the world. He is an expert in his line and com- 
mands a good share of Pittsburgh's extensive trade. Mr. Robinson is 
a staunch Republican. He is a Master Mason of Franklin Lodge, No. 221, 
Free and Accepted Mason, and a member of the Veteran Masonic Society. His 
social club is the Pittsburgh Athletic Association. James A. Robinson married 
Sarah Katherine, daughter of Joseph Gregory and Elizabeth Ann (Fitzpatrick) 
Loane, of Baltimore, Maryland. Mr. Loane is a shipi builder of that city. Mr. 
and Mrs. Joseph G. Loane have two other children; Mary Louise and Joseph 
Gregory Loane. Two children have been born to James A. and Sarah Kather- 
ine (Loane) Robinson: Louisa Alexander, born October 23, 1892, and Letitia 
born October 6, 1893. 


Dr. William Hoggan Haines, for a number of years a resident of Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, where he is engaged in the profession of dentistry, is a 
descendant in the paternal line from John Haines, in the maternal, from Isaac 
Jones, and is thus doubly entitled to membership in the Sons of the American 

John Haines, great-great-grandfather of Dr. Haines, served as a private in 
the company of Captain Alexander Mitchell, First Regiment, New Jersey Con- 
tinental Line, during the Revolution. He married Rachel Austin and had a num- 
ber of descendants. 

Nathaniel Haines, son of John and Rachel (Austin) Haines, married Rach- 
el Engle. 

Isaac Haines, son of Nathaniel and Rachel (Engle) Haines, was a famier 
by occupation. In political matters he was a Republican and a Prohibitionist, and 
his religious affiliation was with the Society of Friends. He married Margaret 
Gregg and had children. 

Lewis Gregg Haines, son of Isaac and Margaret (Gregg) Haines, was born 
near Belmont, Belmont county, Ohio, 1842. He was the recipient of an excel- 
lent education, an earnest scholar, and for